APPROVALS 1 14 July XX (1985)


Kingdom of An Tir

Alain de Trois Rivieres. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Alix d'Avignon. Name and device. Purpure, a bend argent cotised Or between three decrescents and three mullets of six points argent.

Alys de Trois Rivieres. Name and device. Per bend purpure and azure, a domes-tic cat sejant with a ball of yarn between the forelegs and in chief a mullet Or.

Angharad Severn o Glamorgan. Badge. Argent, two swords inverted crossed in saltire between in pale a crown and a garden rose sable.

NOTE: This was submitted as a badge for the alternate persona Severn Blackrose. Black Lion stated in his LoI that "Severn is an attempt to coin a given name according to Welsh naming practice. Severn is the name of a river in Wales, and the following Welsh given names are cited as examples of the use of rivers' names as Welsh given names: [list follows]." To the best of my knowledge, it is the place that is named for the person, not the other way around. This is borne out in the present case by the following passage from Geoffrey of Monmouth (II.5):

"Whereupon Gwendolen ... bade Estrildis and Habren her daughter be flung into the river that is now called Severn, issuing an edict throughout all Britain that the river should be called by the damsel's name. For she was minded that it should bear her name forever, for that it was her own husband that begat her; whereby it cometh to pass that even unto this day the river in the British tongue is called Habren, which by corruption in other speech is called Severn." (Geoffrey of Monmouth. History of the Kings of Britain, page 32., Translated by Sebastian Evans. Revised by Charles W. Dunn. E. P. Dutton, new edition 1958.)

The implication is that Habren is a given name, and (assuming that it is not "truly famous and unique") might therefore be used as such in the Society; but that Severn is specifically the name of a place, and so could be used as a byname but not as a given name. We have omitted the alternate persona name in order to register the badge.

DISCUSSION: A couple of the commentators raised the question of whether it is appropriate for the badge of an alternate persona to include a crown. We have held repeatedly that awards are the property of the person, not the persona. It is the right of the person to apportion her honors among her personas as she sees fit. If she (the person) is a duchess, then any of her alternate personas may be a duchess as well (and, for that matter, her primary persona may be a commoner). By the same token, if she (the person) may have a crown in a personal badge, there is no reason this could not be the cognizance of an alternate persona. Master Wilhelm established precedent (10 Mar 81, p. 5) for a crown to be used in a personal badge (not a household badge) of a royal peer. The cognizance is a personal badge (it is borne by the person, in another persona, not by household members), so I see no reason why she may not have a crown in it.

Appledore, Shire of. Device. Checky argent and sable, a wingless wyvern gliding in fess maintaining in sinister forepaw a laurel wreath between three apples gules.

Cassandra the Silent. Name only.

Chimene des Cinq Tours. Badge. Per chevron inverted sable and vert, a tower between in demi­annulo five estoiles all within an annulet argent.

Conal Fitzalan. Name only.

Deirdri of the Mist. Name only.

Eadric of the Wide Embrace. Name only.

Eilidh nic Alpin of Dunollie. Device. Azure, a shuttle bendwise sinister Or within an orle of Celtic crosses argent.

NOTE: The charge depicted here is not a standard heraldic weaver's shuttle: see the illustrations in Parker (p. 613) and An Heraldic Alphabet (p. 192) for examples. There is SCA precedent for the submitted form, however, in the arms of RACHAEL WEBBE (although the latter are not wrapped with thread, as is Eilidh's). I would prefer that the conventional heraldic shuttle be used.

Fergus Fitzalan. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a tower argent and on a chief Or two arrows inverted in saltire gules armed and flighted sable between two mullets of eight points vert.

Guillaume d'Anjou. Name and device. Argent, a cross tau between three mullets of six points one and two vert, each arm charged at the end with a mullet of six points argent.

NOTE: Mullets are conventionally drawn with a point upward.

Gunnarr Brunwulf. Name and device. Per pale purpure and Or, a palm tree eradicated between two wolves' heads erased respectant counterchanged.

Josef de Gonneville. Name and device. Quarterly gules and argent, a cross counterchanged overall a pithon nowed erect wings addorsed within a bordure Or.

DISCUSSION: SCA heraldry uses pithon (with an "i") for winged serpents, and natural python (with a "Y") for nonvenomous constrictor snakes of the boa family.

Kathern Thomas Gyelle Spence. Name only.

Onokawa Michiaki. Name only.

Ricardo de Alaedo (submitted as Ricardo del Alaedo). Name only (see RETURNS for device).

NOTE: On the advice of Brigantia, we have corrected del (Spanish 'of the' [masculine]) to de 'of'. Place names do not usually take a definite article. (In English, this is the equivalent of saying "John of London" instead of "John of the London".).

Vladimir Bloodaxe the Rus. Name only.

William of Montengarde (submitted as William of Durham). Name and device. Argent, a double­headed sea­dragon erect heads addorsed between three annulets gules.

NOTE: The name submitted is similar enough to that of WILLIAM OF DURAMEN, THE UNFETTERED to cause confusion. We would suggest he obtain William of Dura-men's permission, or add a distinguishing byname of his own. We have used a holding name in order to register the device.

Wulfric FitzDugald. Name and device. Gules ermined argent, two arrows in saltire inverted Or, overall a wolf's head bendwise couped at the shoulders sable.

DISCUSSION: This particular color combination (sable on gules ermined argent) is permissible under RFS IX.5 and IX.4.

Kingdom of Ansteorra

Blayne the Juggler. Name and device. Per saltire azure and gules, a chevron and in chief two griffins combattant Or.

Burke Kyriell MacDonald. Device change. Per bend argent and azure, a galley with sails furled, oars in action sable, pennanted gules, and a sun Or eclipsed azure.

NOTE: His old device (Per bend wavy argent and sable, a galley with sails furled, oars in action sable, pennanted gules, and a sun eclipsed Or) is released.

Cynric of Bedwyn. Name only.

Elynor of Deganwy. Device. Per saltire sable and azure, an enfield and a natural tiger combattant argent, in chief a sun Or.

Erick Liminur. Name and device. Per chevron sable and azure, a chevron ermine between two mullets of eight points and a griffin rampant argent.

Frederick von Sternwald. Badge. Per pale azure and argent, a Greek lyre counterchanged.

Henrik Edward Alredson. Device. Azure, mullety of four points, on a pale raguly argent a beacon sable, enflamed gules.

Maelgwyn Dda. Badge for Caer Derwen. Sable, on a pale between two trees eradicated Or, a tower sable, pennanted to sinister azure.

Seamus of the Cats. Device. Azure, two scarpes wavy between a tyger rampant and a lion rampant to sinister, tail nowed, Or.

William de Lacy of Sherborne. Badge. Azure, a pale raguly inverted between two piles raguly Or.

Kingdom of Atenveldt

Anje von den Wellen. Name change (from Andria von den Wellen).

Brendan mac Artuir ap Alan (submitted as Brendan mac Artuir ap Alain). Name change (from Brendan MacArthalan); see RETURNS for device.

NOTE: Ap is Welsh, while Alain is French. We have replaced it with one of the Welsh forms of the name, so the patronymic particle and the name agree in language.

Cathyn Bluesword (submitted as Cathyn Bluesword of Fanuidhol). Name and badge. Argent, a cross triple­parted and fretted gules and a bordure potenty sable.

NOTE: Fanuidhol is one of the mountains of Moria in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. Although frequented by dwarves, orcs, and things that go "doom" in the dark, it was not a place "where humans were the primary inhabitants," and so is not acceptable under the current rules.* (RFS VII.6) We have omitted it in order to register the badge.


* The names of Michael of Moria, Woodford of Lorien, and Baldwin of Erebor hark back to the Elder Days before the coming of The Rules. (O temporal! O mores!).

Ceit Ailis nic Ardis. Name only.

Daibhi Iain Dubhghall. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Danielle of the Mountain Meadows. Name only.

Deirdre Landfairre. Name and device. Per fess Or and vert, in chief a pegasus volant to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, gules.

NOTE: We have corrected the given name to Deirdre, its usual spelling. DISCUSSION: This was submitted as a "red roan pegasus proper," which lies within the bounds of heraldic gules.

Edana Aleen of the Borough of York. Name and device. Argent, a Monarch butterfly bendwise sinister, wings elevated and addorsed proper, between three holly leaves in pall vert, a chief sable. (Danaus plexippus)

NOTE: This would be more correct as simply of York; according to Brigantia, "The Borough as such tends only to be noted when it is a participant in legal documents (charters, etc.) or the mayor or council is specifically being referred to in an official manner.".

Freodhoric Jorgenssen Sjoaureborg. Device (correction). Sable, on a billet engrailed Or, a salmon haurient gules. [March 1985].

Ian Wallace of Llawhaden. Name only.

Judith of Osborn. Name only.

Katja Dara. Change of badge to device. Per chevron vert and sable, a lotus flower argent. [badge approved October 1976; name changed August 1980].

Keturah Alansdätter of Sondre Lindelin. Device. Pean, on a saltire cotised argent, a sprig of thyme vert.

Manfred de Outremer. Name only.

Richard of the Fens. Device. Per chevron vert and Or, six battleaxes counterchanged.

Susan of the Red Tresses. Name and device. Gules, a candle in a flat candlestick, a tied pouch, and a covered two­wheeled cart, all Or.

Thorolf Gunderson. Name and device. Counter­ermine, a sword inverted proper surmounted by a boar passant to sinister, all within a bordure Or.

Ulfr Byrnsmidr. Name and device. Vert, a winged wolf passant, wings inverted and addorsed, within a bordure embattled argent.

DISCUSSION: This differs from ROWAN PERIGRYNNE (Vert, in fess three trefoils within a bordure embattled argent) by a point­and­a­half for type of primary charge, and a minor point (demoted from a major) for number.

Walthari von Harx. Device. Per pale wavy and chevronelly Or and vert.

NOTE: The wavy line should be drawn much more boldly, so it will be visible at a distance.

Wealhhnutu, March of. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Kingdom of Caid

Allen of Weestone. Name and device. Vert, in sinister chief a sun, rays extending throughout, Or, overall a pole­axe bendwise argent, all within a bordure Or charged with six chalices gules.

Ann of the Sparrow Hawk (submitted as Avia of the Sparrow Hawk). Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and sable, a maunch purpure and a sparrow hawk migrant bendwise argent.

NOTE: Avia is a common noun, and is not, to the best of our knowledge, a given name. We have substituted the applicant's mundane given name, in order to register the device.

Brion Thornbird ap Rhys. Device. Argent, a dragon segreant sable and in chief three crescents gules, all within a bordure engrailed sable.

Cepheus de Valletta. Badge. Or, a sun within a bordure embattled azure.

Chenan du Cheval. Device. Pean, a castle, the dexter tower in ruins, argent, surmounted by a horse salient to sinister gules.

Cgline de Hermain (submitted as Selene de Hermain). Name and device. Argent, a raven displayed between three fleurs­de­lys gules, all within a bordure sable.

NOTE: Selene is the name of a Greek goddess. To the best of our knowledge, it was not used as a given name until comparatively modern times. I have substituted Céline, a period French saint's name, in order to register the device.

Damales Redbeard. Name change (from Damales der Einzelganger).

Emmaline Bonneville de la Mer. Name and device. Per chevron throughout argent and vert, in chief two escallops azure and in base a bat­winged sea­horse naiant, wings elevated and addorsed, argent.

Frank of Stromwald (submitted as Freiwulfe of Stromwald). Name and device. Per saltire argent and sable, a saltire gules, overall a tree issuant from base proper.

NOTE: The place­name was spelled Stromwald on one of the submission forms, and Stromwalde on the other. Stromwalde appears to be an inflected form (the German word for 'forest' is Wald), and is not grammatically correct in this context, so I have used the spelling given on his information sheet.

The given name Freiwulfe does not appear to be correctly formed. Frei is a German adjective meaning 'free', while ­wulf is an Anglo­Saxon deuterotheme. (The terminal "e", according to Batonvert, is a pseudo­Latin feminine ending.) Aelfwynn Gyrthesdohtor's article on Anglo­Saxon personal names lists frea­ 'lord' as a protheme, and Searle's Onomasticon Anglo­Saxonicum lists freo­ (which is "different from frea"). I would suggest he try one of these. We have used his mundane given name as a holding name, in order to register the device.

DISCUSSION: Crescent noted in his LoI that "Although the place­name is German, we felt that the use of the preposition 'of' was acceptable when the name was viewed in the context of Anglo­Saxon/English practices." This drew the following comment from Brigantia, which expresses my own feelings so well that I might as well repeat it in its entirety:

"I have no problems in almost any context with using the formula given name + 'of' + place name, whatever the original languages. This is the usual historian's manner and therefore Otto of Freising is familiar to us all, though he would have been Otto von Freising or some other more German or Latinate version in most contemporary manuscripts. I think this type of situation is a 'special case' to the rule on agreement of adjectives (although the syntax should agree with English syntax and not use the inflected cases of the place name, whether they would be appropriate in the original language or not). Where the person submitting clearly wants a totally Welsh or German or Scots name, as indicated by notes or by the presence of inflected forms and consistent foreign spellings, the appropriate foreign preposition is more appropriate, otherwise we should allow the use of the Society (and the historian's) lingua franca.".

Grimaud d'Asterisque Noir. Device change. Argent, a fess urdy­counter­urdy between in chief two natural salamanders statant respectant and in base a compass star sable.

NOTE: His old device (Argent, on the haft of a war hammer reversed proper, the head fimbriated, between in chief two natural salamanders statant, a mullet of eight points, overall a fess urdy­counter­urdy sable) is released.

Gunnar Redbeard. Name and device. Sable, on a bend sinister between two torches Or, enflamed proper, a tower palewise azure, enflamed proper.

Hrafnvarthr Ruadhan. Device. Chevronelly inverted Or and sable, a pile counterchanged gules and Or.

Ian of the Isle. Name and device. Argent, on a saltire vert cotised azure in chief two escallops argent, overall a lion rampant to sinister gules.

Jean Paul Morgan. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and Or, a bend sinister raguly between a whale embowed and a chess rook, all counterchanged.

Kathleen of the Golden Fingers. Name change (from Kathleen of Craigmillar Castle).

Morgan Jaussara de Valletta. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

William Nighthawk of the Wastes. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Kingdom of the East

Ahab ibn Ben­Achmed. Armorial correction. The two entries (device and name change) should be replaced by the single entry:

Ahab ibn Ben­Achmed­­(Feb. 1984)­­see Garanhir of Ness.

Alfredo el Bufón. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, a jester's belled hood of two ears affronty counterchanged.

NOTE: Wonderful!

Anaron Caithness of Wik. Device change. Vert, in pale a hippogriff rampant and a two­horned anvil argent.

NOTE: The two charges should be drawn so they are of equal importance. His old arms (Vert, in pale a hippogriff passant guardant and an anvil argent) are released.

Annora Coffin. Device. Vert, in chief two martlets volant respectant, and in base a rose all within a bordure argent.

Aoibhel of Dun Holen. Name only.

Ashera MacLeod. Name and device. Gyronny argent and vert, a griffin sejant reguardant, foreleg raised, wings displayed, sable.

Bronwyn Acthorn. Name only.

Cour d'Or, College of. Name and device. Or, a thistle, slipped and leaved, proper within a laurel wreath vert, all within a bordure sable, masoned Or.

Dafydd Sean ap Hywel. Device. Or, a demi­sun in splendor issuant from base and elongated to chief and in chief two mullets of four points sable.

Dale the Wanderer. Device. Argent, a chevron gules, mailed Or, between two thistles, slipped and leaved, proper and a boot sable.

DISCUSSION: "The field [mailed] is covered with interlaced annulets in a chain-mail pattern. It is a new type of treatment of the field, so we named it for SCA usage." (WvS, 24 May 82, p. 5).

David MacColin. Name change (from David von Zephyr) and badge. Sable, an open penannular broach, pin to base, argent.

David Trueheart. Name only.

Dawyd z Gury. Badge. On a cross miller azure, a compass star Or.

Edouard d'Ath. Badge. Or, a thistle slipped and leaved proper within a bordure sable.

Eisental, Shire of. Name and device. Per bend sinister embattled and per pale, azure and argent, in dexter chief a compass star argent and in base a laurel wreath counterchanged.

Elizabeth Bisset la Fauvette. Name only.

Fiona Margaret MacQueen. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a unicorn rampant argent between a demi­sun issuant from chief and two demi­suns issuant from the flanks Or.

Francesca Alesondra. Name and device. Purpure, a fret Or, overall a dove statant close, tail pendant, argent, armed Or.

Gabriella Maddelena Pisano. Name and device. Argent, on a pile purpure between two common blue irises slipped and leaved proper, a houndstooth burnisher argent. (Iris versicolor).

Garanhir of Ness. Device. Argent, a wolf's head erased and sinister facing gules. [August 1972].

Godeveert van der Meere. Name only.

Gwennlynn of Woodlyn. Device. Vert, on a bend invected between two squirrels sejant erect argent, five acorns palewise sable.

Harold of York. Device. Argent, a sword sable, pommelled gules, between in chief two pheons azure, all within a bordure gules.

Hussein Stefan Halaby. Name and device. Vert, a cross of Jerusalem and on a chief wavy argent, three fleams gules.

Jayne Gidle. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Johanna Reeves. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

John MacRanald. Name and device. Or, on a pale sable between two leopard's faces gules, a sword inverted proper.

Juls Siwardsen. Name only.

Katja Hjalmarsdottir. Name change (from Katya the Half­Handed).

Knight's Crossing, Barony of. Badge. Or, a pair of wheels yoked in bend, yoke fracted, gules.

Larrion Oaksbane. Name change (from Larkin Marion Oaksbane).

Larrion Oaksbane. Badge (held jointly with Margreta Oaksbane). Per pale argent and azure, in saltire an oak leaf vert and an acorn inverted slipped Or.

Leif Storbocki. Name and device. Argent, on a fess gules between four mullets of six points two and two azure, another argent.

Madoc Arundel. Name and device. Or, an acorn within oak leaves in annulo vert.

Madoc Arundel. Badge. Three oak leaves conjoined in pall inverted vert, surmounted by an acorn Or.

Manfred Albrecht von Halsstern. Name change (from Manfred von Halsstern).

Marco Massimi. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Margreta Oaksbane. Joint badge (see Larrion Oaksbane).

Michel l'Espiegle. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Monenka Romanyak. Name and device. Per chevron azure and Or, two Russian Orthodox crosses reversed Or and a phoenix gules.

DISCUSSION: The authorities seem to agree (as do the examples I pulled from the files) that the bottom crossbar on a "Russian" or "Russian orthodox" cross is bendwise sinister, not bendwise. The only example I was able to find of this particular cross was in the arms of PEREGRINE IGNATIUS DOMINIC AUGUSTINE DORAN, where it is termed a "Greek Orthodox cross"; but I was unable to verify this usage. I have therefore blazoned the crosses as reversed (which, in SCA heraldry, means that an object has been rotated on its vertical, rather than its horizontal, axis).

Morgan of Caer Graeme. Name only.

Raim y Hynnddyll. Badge for House Hynnddyll. Azure, a lyre within a bordure argent.

Samirah al Mansur. Device. Per pale gules and vert, a triangle Or, masoned sable, in chief a scimitar fesswise reversed blade to chief Or.

Severin Mattazanni. Name only.

Siegfried von Halsstern. Badge (held jointly with Wanda von Hallstern). A spray of five daisy flowers, slipped and leaved, proper enfiled of a mullet voided purpure.

Thomas MacAndrew. Device. Counter­ermine, a skyrocket bendwise Or.

Thorvald Varghuvud. Name only.

Uulfgar Uulfric. Name only.

Wanda von Hallstern. Joint badge (see Siegfried von Halsstern).

William Keith FitzGaranhir. Name and device. Argent, a wolf's head erased and sinister facing and in chief a label gules.

NOTE: We would suggest that the tails on the label be made longer, or that it be drawn lower on the field, so it isn't confused with a chief embattled.

Wolfbrand of the Tiger's Paw. Name and device. Argent, a wolf's head caboshed maintaining in its jaws a sword fesswise vert.

Kingdom of the Middle

Fernanda de la Forêt. Device. Or, a single­headed chess knight to sinister vert within a bordure embattled gules.

DISCUSSION: "A chess knight, of course, by heraldic convention has two heads set back­to­back on an ornamental base." (HB, 20 Sep 71, p. 3; in Prec I:ll) If I had my druthers, I would restrict chess knights to this form exclusively, for the sake of simplicity; but Master Wilhelm approved a couple of single-headed chess knights during his tenure, so there are instances of both on the books (which undermines my simplicity argument). The double headed form is the default. (I feel the older precedent should take precedence.).

Isabella of Greycliffs. Badge. Per bend sinister embattled sable and vert, a fox's mask Or.

Joan of Caernarvon. Name and device. Azure, upon a spider web argent a roundel erminois within a bordure dovetailed argent.

NOTE: Please make the roundel larger.

Joan of Caernarvon. Badge for Hasselhold. Argent, fretty azure, a triple­towered castle sable within a bordure argent.

DISCUSSION: According to the OED, hassel is an obsolete form of hazel, so the household name is legal. Eric Partridge states that the colloquial term hassle 'trouble, bother' is modern.

Jon Tall of Threehawks (submitted as Jontall of Threehawks). Name only (see RETURNS for device).

NOTE: To the best of our knowledge, a given name would not coalesce with an adjective to form a new given name. We have separated Jontall into its component parts.

Katherine MacNaughten. Name and device. Purpure, a thistle and in chief a claymore fesswise argent.

Kendra of Darkmoon. Name only.

Lewis Michael Patrick Blackmore. Name only.

Michael von Rosenau. Name and device. Argent, on an owl displayed azure a rose argent.

Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge for Arts and Sciences Champion. Gules, a harp within a chaplet of oak leaves argent fructed Or.

Myfanwy ferch Elys (submitted as Myfanwy merch Elys). Name change (from Myfanwy o'r Pelydrau ar Ysgall).

NOTE: Welsh merch 'daughter' mutates to ferch following a given name.

Ruarc Stot. Name and device. Barry vert and argent, a horse rampant within a bordure sable.

NOTE: Very nice.

Svea Wartooth. Name and device. Or, chaussé azure, a dragon segreant azure between in fess two dragons' heads couped respectant Or.

Talkative Tim the Tentmaker. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Tirnewydd, March of. Device. Argent fretty gules, a laurel wreath and issuant from base a demi­sun Or.

Urraca Yriarte de Gamboa. Device. Ermine, on a pale cotised gules a garden lily slipped and leaved Or.

Vorlin o'r Gwig. Device. Gyronny of twelve argent and azure, a quill vert and a scroll in saltire within a bordure Or.

William of Bellwood. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Ysabet of Skye. Name and device. Gules, two bendlets enhanced, a winged unicorn statant Or.

Kingdom of the West

Algernon Blacksword. Badge. Sable, a double­bitted axe and a bordure Or.

Anna Genevieve. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, on a bend counterchanged, two spindles palewise gules and Or.

Anne du Bois Guilbert. Name only.

Audred Fitzgerald. Name only.

Caris Maniske. Name and device. Per fess argent and purpure, a thunderbolt counterchanged.

NOTE: Very nice.

Caroline of Glen Gowan. Name only.

Catherine Greyeyes (submitted as Catherine de Greydeyes). Name and device. Per chevron throughout gules and azure, a chevron throughout and in base an annulet Or.

NOTE: "De Greydeyes" does not appear to be a likely form for "of the Grey Eyes," even in Norman English. A quick check through the chapter on "Nicknames from Physical Characteristics" in Reaney's The Origin of English Surnames turns up an occasional le, but no instances of de followed by a descriptive; and the French form, which is des yeux gris, doesn't help either. We have substituted the simple English descriptive "Greyeyes," in order to register the device.

Darri Kveldulfsson. Name and device. Per chevron erminois and argent, a chevron azure and in base a serpent nowed gules.

Deirdre Steele of Cowdray. Name correction (from Deirdra Steel).

DISCUSSION: Master Frederick requested "either a change to the submitted form, or an explanation." We will give him both:

1) Vesper changed Deirdre to Deirdra in his letter of intent. He did not correct it, and no one on the Laurel staff noticed the discrepancy.

2) Laurel inadvertently dropped the final e in Steele when he typed the LoAR.

Dermod Uí Néill. Device. Chevronelly Or and sable, a pale purpure.

DISCUSSION: Laurel Emeritus raised the following objection in his letter of comment: "Diarmuid Uí Néill (known as Diarmuid Ruadnaid, or Diarmuid the Ruthful) was High King of Ireland in the 6th Century. (The Story of the Irish Race, by Seumas MacManus, p. 209) ... This is an exact conflict.".

Unfortunately, this fact was overlooked when the name was approved in May 1984. Corpora (IV.C.4) addresses this issue directly:

"In matters of research, the Society recognizes that new discoveries may disprove the most careful and diligent scholarly work; that the discovery of new knowledge is not to be predicted; and that it is for the good of the Society that honest effort should be allowed to reach a determination. Therefore, approval of a name, title, or device by the College of Arms according to its established procedures shall be permanent and constitutes a full defense against any later question as to uniqueness or validity, any changes made as a result of such later questions being entirely by the per-mission and grace of the holder of such name, title or device."

This is the doctrine known as the grandfather clause, and is echoed in article V.6 of the Rules for Submissions. Since the submitter's name has been registered, it is beyond our power either to reject it or to change it without his express permission.

Duncan Loring. Device. Azure, a goblet argent between and maintained by two mermaids affronty erect proper, tails crossed Or.

Eleazar Graymalkin. Badge. In bend sinister two pellets linked by a chain sable.

Gerald of Ipsley. Name only.

Hanor Blackwolf.* Name and device. Or, three wolf's heads couped contourny sable.


* Irrelevant note to Virgule: Actually, Honor Blackman's character in The Avengers was named Cathy Gale. The role of Emma Peel was created by Diana Rigg.

Jenifer of Squalid Manor. Name and device. Or, a turnip purpure, leaved vert, distilling a goutte de sang.

Johan Lorinsson. Device. Per chevron embattled argent and gules, in chief a gunstone.

Karlyn of the Flaming Castle. Device (correction). Azure, a triple­towered castle, the sinister tower fracted and lying fesswise to sinister argent, enflamed in chief proper, issuant from chief and base flames proper. [August 1979].

Kathleen O'Dubhghaill. Name and device. Per fess sable and gules, on a fess argent between a two­headed demi­eagle displayed issuant from the fess and a tower, both Or, three anchors gules.

Keira am Fitheach (submitted as Keira an Fitheach). Name and device. Per chevron Or and argent, in chief a raven close to sinister sable, and in base a mountain couped sable enflamed gules.

NOTE: According to Brigantia, the definite article an becomes am when it precedes a masculine singular noun in the nominative case.

Lucrezia Lorenz. Device. Sable, an enfield passant to sinister Or.

Margaret of Radclyffe. Name and device. Per bend argent and Or, on a bend vert between an increscent gules and a scythe with head in base and blade to sinister proper, a garb palewise Or.

Marya Glasscutter. Name and device. Per pale vert and sable, a grazing iron fesswise argent.

Mathilda of Ruislip. Name only.

Morgan ap Siarl. Badge. A cross of four lozenges ermine.

Namira al­Ahaggari. Name change (from Rhyanon de Vaux).

Sile Brianna Sutherland (submitted as Seelie Brianna Sutherland). Name and device. Argent, a seahorse erect vert, in chief two thistles proper.

NOTE: Seelie is an adjective meaning 'good, blessed', occurring in the expression Seelie Court, "The name given to the kindly fairy host." (Katherine Briggs, An Encyclopedia of Fairies, p. 353; Virgule has offered a similar citation from Personnel of Fairyland, by the same author.) Patrick Woulfe (Irish Names for Children, p. 53) derives Cecelia from Latin caeca 'blind'. Although they are similar in sound, it would appear that Seelie and the various forms of Cecelia derive from different sources. Given the obvious supernatural connections of the former, I do not feel we can allow it to be used as a given name in the Society. We have substituted Sile, the Irish form suggested by Brigantia, in order to register the device; the submitter may of course change this, if she wishes.

Siobhan of Cloverdell. Name and device. Azure, two chevronels cotised braced and in chief three quatrefoils slipped Or.

NOTE: Braced means 'linked; interlaced', which would presumably apply to both the chevronels and the cotises. Please correct the emblazon. (Yes, I know, the fretting will disappear at even a short distance; but it doesn't make much sense to say they're interlaced if you're not going to do it.).

Wulfric of Blackthorn. Name and device. Or, a cross potent fitchy and on a chief engrailed sable, three lozenges argent.

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Kingdom of An Tir

Alain de Trois Rivieres. Device. Azure, in chief three mullets, one and two, and issuant from base three spears conjoined at fess point Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with REGIN BRAN HARALDSSON: Azure, three piles inverted conjoined in point and in chief three mullets of four points argent. (SCA) There is a point of difference for the tincture of the charges, but less than a point for change in type; and the visual similarity is very strong.

Angharad Severn ferch Taliesin o Glamorgan. Name change (from Angharad Severn o Glamorgan).

REASON FOR RETURN: "Taliesin may only be used so long as there is no other allusion to either the mythical, immortal Bard or the semi­historical, mortal master bard." (WvS, 21 Feb 84, p. 13) According to both Virgule and Brigantia, Taliesin is associated with Glamorgan. This constitutes a second allusion, and an apparent claim to be the daughter of the Taliesin of legend.

NOTE: You might want to advise her Grace that Glamorgan is the English name of the place. The Welsh form is Morgannwg, which mutates to Forgannwg following the preposition o. (Evans 324).

Lynnette of Lyonesse. Name only.

REASON FOR RETURN: The name infringes on that of Lynette, the sister of Lyonesse, lady of the Castle Perilous in Malory's "The Tale of Sir Gareth of Orkney That Was Called Bewmaynes":

"And thus sir Gareth of Orkeney was a noble knyght, that wedded dame Lyonesse of the Castell Parelus. And also sir Gaheris wedded her sistir, dame Lyonette, that was called the damesell Saveaige." (Thomas Malory. Works, page 226. Edited by Eugene Vinaver. Oxford University Press, second edition 1974.).

Muriella of Sicily­Castile. Name only.

REASON FOR RETURN: It appears that this particular form of hyphenated surname is a designation used by modern historians to distinguish the different branches of a given royal house. According to Brigantia, "period practice would have been to link the two places with 'and' or 'et' or 'y' depending on the language. As a matter of fact ... this particular usage ... is nearly tantamount to claiming to be a member of the ruling family, if not the actual ruler, of the two places." The other heralds commenting on this submission expressed similar concerns. I would suggest she use just one of the place names (depending on whether she wishes to be known by where she is now, or where she's from).

Ricardo de Alaedo (submitted as Ricardo del Alaedo). Device. Vert, on a ball of flames between three mullets of four points Or a saltire couped within and conjoined to an annulet sable.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with KRISTEN AHEARN: Vert, upon a ball of flame Or a bull rampant to sinister, head lowered, sable. (SCA) There is a major point for the addition of the mullets (a group of secondary charges), and a minor for change in type of the tertiary.

Thorin Njalsson. Name change (from Seamus MacCuraidh of Glenerochaidh).

REASON FOR RETURN: Thorin is a dwarf­name, both in Norse mythology and in the writings of J. R. R. Tolkien, and as such may be considered a claim to be of nonhuman origin or descent. (RFS VII.5) "You cannot use the names of Middle Earth or Norse dwarves. They were not human." (WvS, 23 Jan 81, p. 9)

SYNOPSIS: The submission included a fairly lengthy argument for the use of dwarf names, and in particular Thorin, by humans. The key points of the argument were summarized as follows:

"First, Thorin exists as the name of a dwarf in the Prose Edda, and numerous examples of the use of derivatives of dwarvish names as human names exist, and one example of the use of a dwarvish name in unchanged form as a human name exists. Second, the elements Thor­ and ­in are legitimate name elements in Old Norse, and Thorin thus represents a legitimate coinage. Thirdly, numerous examples exist of the Old Norse tendency to name individuals after gods or supernatural beings."

DISCUSSION: The first argument draws the conclusion that, because the dwarf names Alf 'elf' and Vig 'battle?' also occur in human names, the human names must be derived from the dwarf names. I think it is much more likely that the dwarf and human names are drawn from the same linguistic pool, particularly since these same elements may be found elsewhere. Thor­ is, in fact, a common protheme. The suffix ­in, however, is extremely rare. Batonvert suspects that it is a form used to turn a protheme into a monothematic name. The formation would therefore appear to be valid, though uncommon. This supports the second argument, that this is a legitimate coinage. All this really proves, however, is that the dwarf­name Thorin is formed according to the same principles as human names, which is not necessarily surprising.

The third argument attempts to draw too sweeping a conclusion. Of the examples cited, the names of the gods Thor, Frey, and Tyr occur only as pro-themes, and the dwarf names Alf and Vig are elements in their own right. With the exception of Vali, no instances are given of humans being named after gods, or dwarves, or elves. To establish a pattern of "free" usage, which is what is claimed, one would need to present instances of a number of specific names being used directly, not simply alluded to. In addition to the problems noted above, I observed one fallacy and one oversight in the text of the arguments. The fallacy was expressed in the statement that "the fact that the name thus coined happens to be a dwarvish name is no barrier to its appropriateness." William and the Bastard may both be correctly combined to form a name, but the result is a recognizable conflict, and is therefore inappropriate. Thorin is a recognizable dwarf name, and must be dealt with as such.

This leads us to the oversight, which is the problem of perception. Let us say that I could demonstrate that the name Odin was actually used in period by humans. If Goodman Jack meets a person named Orm Odinsson, he is going to assume that the guy is claiming to be the son of the god, because that is how he perceives the name. A case in point is Tudor ­ a perfectly good given name ­which, because of the House of Tudor, is widely recognized as a "royal name," and must therefore be proscribed.

CONCLUSION: The documentation presented is not sufficient to support its conclusion, and even if it did, the fact that Thorin is likely to be perceived as a dwarf name by the average SCA member might still make it unacceptable.

POSTSCRIPT: Actually, I am less concerned with this particular example than I am with the arguments presented (the effect of which is potentially sweeping). It needs to be demonstrated either that a given "special" name was used repeatedly by humans in period, or that many names in the same class were so used. Even then, we will have to weigh the effect this might have on other members, who would want to know why their pantheon is being discriminated against.

Kingdom of Ansteorra

Burke Kyriell MacDonald. Badge change. Azure, a sun Or, eclipsed azure, overall a compass star elongated in pale argent.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts visually with WILLIAM OF HAVOC: Azure, a sun in glory Or, overall a sword inverted argent, with a copper hilt proper; and with WENDRYN TOWNSEND: Azure, a sun in glory Or. (SCA).

Kingdom of Atenveldt

Brendan mac Artuir ap Alan (submitted as Brendan mac Artuir ap Alain). Device. Per bend gules and sable, a sinister hand fesswise couped proper, holding a sun, all within a bordure Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with ELERIC SONN HVITTANN: Sable, on a sun Or, an anvil sable, within a bordure Or. (SCA) "The hand, which is light in color, is visually a continuation of the sun, so I am inclined to treat the hand­and­sun combination as a modified sun. Visually, I find this to be ... a minor point from an unmodified sun." (BoE, 3 Feb 85, pp. 11­12) I count three minor points: one for tincture of the field, one for type of sun, and one for removing the tertiary charge on the sun.

Daibhi Iain Dubhghall. Device. Per pale indented argent and vert, on a fess counterchanged between a saber, blade to base, and a dagger fesswise, a swept-hilt rapier fesswise reversed, all proper, the blades counterchanged gules.

REASON FOR RETURN: The use of three different types of the same charge (a sword) ­­ not to mention the unusual manner of counterchanging the blades ­­ is visually confusing, and contrary to the spirit of heraldry. A similar, and heraldically acceptable, design would be: Per pale indented argent and vert, on a fess counterchanged between two swords fesswise, another reversed, the blades embrued, proper. Please suggest this to the submitter.

Davan inn Spaki. Device. Sable, a wooden staff bendwise sinister proper, overall an owl stooping affronty argent.

REASON FOR RETURN: The wooden staff proper has insufficient contrast with the sable field. (RFS IX.5) This also conflicts with JAMES MACCHLURAIN: Sable, an owl argent. (SCA) There is a point of difference for the position of the owl, but we feel the staff (which is skinny, does not show up against the field, and is largely obscured by the body of the owl) is not a significant enough charge to contribute a full second point. Virgule has also noted the arms of the KNIGHTS OF THE WATCH: Sable, an owl displayed argent. (The World of Greyhawk).

Féamîr Bek. Device. Per fess sable and gyronny of four from fesspoint argent and vert, a cross patty convex fitchy, gules voided Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: I'm afraid this still conflicts with CALZIER: Sable, a cross patty fitchy Or. (Papworth 621) The Rules for Submissions allow a major point of difference between a plain field and one partitioned [equally] of a color and a metal (XIII.A.I.b), and a minor point if the tinctures of the partitioned field are of the same class (XIII.B.l.b). More than half of Fémîr's field is color, so I'd be inclined to allow at best a strong minor. The difference between a cross patty fitchy and a cross patty convex fitchy is largely artistic, and the voiding of the cross contributes no more than a small minor point. There is also a contrast problem between the colored outline of the cross and the field.

Phillip MhicRath of Locksley. Badge. Azure, a swept­hilt rapier Or and another argent, both inverted and entwined to form a pall, between in base a decrescent argent and an increscent Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: SCA heraldic practice does not allow an ordinary to be wreathed of two colors or two metals, because of poor contrast. (WvS, 21 Apr 83, p. 9; et seg.) Entwining the blades of the rapiers has much the same effect, and makes the charges difficult to recognize. Please redesign.

Robert Struanson. Name and device. Gules, three wolves' heads erased and on a chief argent, three thistles gules.

REASON FOR RETURN: Struan is a Scottish place name, and the surname of the family around whom James Clavell's books Tai­pan and Noble House are based. A patronymic is formed from the father's given name, not his surname; the son of William Struan is called Wilson, not Struanson. The device conflicts with DUNCAN: Gules, three wolf's heads erased argent langued azure, on a chief argent, a hand and wrist couped holding a dagger inverted proper between two mullets gules. (Lyon Ordinary II­3489) The only differences are in the tertiary charges.

Wealhhnutu, March of. Device. Per pale argent and vert, a Gila monster statant proper, and on a chief per pale vert and argent a laurel wreath counterchanged three walnuts proper. (Heloderma suspectum; Juglans sp.).

REASON FOR RETURN: The laurel wreath really isn't recognizable in this configuration ­­ it has to be stretched out to encompass the three walnuts on the chief, causing it to look more like a bough or sprig. Brigantia has suggested placing the Gila monster between three walnuts, with the laurel wreath on the chief; or the nuts on the chief and the laurel wreath around the beastie.

Kingdom of Caid

Morgan Jaussara de Valletta. Device. Azure, a cross parted and fretted between in bend two escallops inverted and in bend sinister two decrescents argent.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with DOUBLER: Azure, a cross double parted argent. (Papworth 608) There is a major point of difference, for the addition of a group of secondary charges.

William Nighthawk of the Wastes. Device. Argent, a tower sable, the portal and ramparts enflamed proper, between in fess two crosses of Celtic interlace, all within a bordure vert.

REASON FOR RETURN: "Knotwork is not, by and large, heraldic. A few simple knots have made it into mundane heraldry (e.g., Bowen knot) or into Society heraldry by definition and the circulation of drawings (e.g., Donnelly knot), but your elaborate interlace cannot be described or defined." (KFW, 27 Au, 80, p. 3; in Prec II:22) There is really no reasonable way to describe these crosses so an artist can draw them without having seen the emblazon. Please choose another, more common form of cross.

Kingdom of the East

East, Kingdom of. Talon Herald (name only).

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with the Order of the Serpent's Talon. "For Orders or heraldic titles, two names conflict if they are the same with only spelling differences, or if they differ only by the addition of one word or by an exact translation into another language." (RFS VI.4).

Elaigne Kerr Benicoeur. Badge. A cur's head erased and sinister facing per bend azure and ermine.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with CHARLES BRADFORD: Bendy Or and gules, an alaunt's head sable erased, orbed gules, facing sinister. (SCA) There is a single point of difference, for the tincture of the dog's head.

Jayne Gidle. Device. Per pale gules and Or, a sword within an orle of mullets of six points between two tressures, all counterchanged.

REASON FOR RETURN: The Laurel office has held previously that a skinny object such as a sword should not be counterchanged along its long axis because of the lack of contrast.

Johanna Reeves. Device. Or, a chevron between two horse's heads couped sable and a dragon segreant gules.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with VAN BEUSECHEM: Or, a chevron between three horse's heads sable. (Rietstap).

Marco Massimi. Device. Vert, between the horns of a decrescent argent three bezants in pale.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with the flag of SUDAN: Vert, between the horns of a decrescent, three mullets argent. The Rules for Submissions (X.3) require at least two points of difference from the flags of territorial entities, and I cannot see allowing two full points for changing a single group of secondary charges.

Michel l'Espiegle. Device. Azure, on a pale between four goblets Or, a rapier inverted azure.

REASON FOR RETURN: I'm afraid this conflicts with CHERIE DES JARDINS: Azure, on a pale Or, three crescents azure. (SCA) There is a major point of difference for the addition of a group of secondary charges, and a minor point for changing the type and number of a group of tertiaries. We would suggest that she alter the line of division on the pale (or possibly endorse it) to obtain the necessary difference.

DISCUSSION: This would also conflict under Batonvert's proposed chance to the rules on tertiary charges: "Charges on an ordinary should be considered full secondary charges if there are no surrounding charges." Michel's device contains a group of surrounding charges, so the proposed rule would not apply.

Pawel Aleksander od Zerania. Device. Argent, on a pale azure between in chief two hurts, a man at arms, armed cap­a­pie and maintaining a lance and shield, argent.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts, alas, with MELLISSANDE MARSETOILE: Argent, on a pale between two mullets of eight points elongated to base azure, another argent. (SCA) There is a major point for the type of the secondary charges, a minor (which would be significant on a heater but not on a lozenge) for their position, and another minor (which is supposed to demote because it is the second change from the same category) for the type of charge on the pale. We did not feel the two minors were strong enough to add to a second major point. We would suggest she make the man­at­arms the primary charge, alter the line of division, or possibly endorse the pale.

Saint Martin's Field, Shire of. Name only.

REASON FOR RETURN: The name conflicts with "the celebrated church of St. Martin in the Fields, London, and its choral Academy conducted on disc after disc by Neville Marriner.".

Val Coeur, Shire of. Name and device. Or, a heart gules maintained by two coneys sejant erect sable, in base a laurel wreath vert.

REASON FOR RETURN: The name conflicts that of the SHIRE OF COEUR DU VAL. The chances for confusion are high enough that I would not normally allow this at all, even if the existing branch gave permission. This is a hardship case, however, and there are differences in word order and meaning (however subtle this may be to a non­French speaker); so if it can be shown that the group submitted prior to June 1982 (when COEUR DU VAL was approved), and if they can obtain permission, I will make an exception. The device has the form of an achievement of arms, with the rabbits serving as supporters, and the laurel wreath, the compartment. The style, as Brigantia noted, is "not the best," but it would probably have been acceptable through the end of 1981, if not later; and the doctrine that the arms of branches should set a good example seems to date from about May 1983. As with the name, if the original submission took place before June 1982, I will grant a hardship exception. DISCUSSION: A hardship case is one in which a submitter deserves special consideration due to chronic errors on the part of the heralds. It should not be confused with the grandfather clause.

Waldemar Eriksson. Name only.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with Waldemar IV, Duke of Schleswig, son of Eric I of Schleswig (died 1272); and with Waldemar V, Duke of Schleswig, son of Eric II of Schleswig (died 1325).

Kingdom of the Middle

Jon Tall of Threehawks (submitted as Jontall of Threehawks). Device. Sable, two bendlets sinister argent and three falcons close affronty in bend Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with KRISTOPHER KELSON: Sable, two scarpes between as many martlets argent. (SCA) A succession of changes to the same group of secondary charges is worth at most a major and a minor point of difference.

Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge for Archer General. On a pale blunted gules three pheons inverted Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: RFS XI.7 states that charges which issue from the edge of the field (such as pales) may not be used on fieldless badges "because there is no edge and so the shape is unspecified." Dragon's stated intention is that the charge be "cut off parallel to the edge of whatever field it is placed on," so it clearly falls within the intended scope of the rule. There is an additional problem here, in that there appears to be no way to specify that the edge of a charge conforms to the outline of the field (short of saying "couped so as to follow the edge of the field," which is likely to cause heart failure among the heralds). Dragon suggested blunted, as equivalent to the French term mossue. Elvin, Parker, and Franklyn (Shield and Crest) all treat mossue (which appears to be restricted in mundane usage to the arms of crosses) as meaning 'rounded'. Humetty might be a possibility; Brooke­Little says that "the couped ends normally, but not invariably, [follow] the contours of the shield." (An Heraldic Alphabet, p. 121) Unfortunately, this usage does not appear to be consistent, which makes me leery of adopting it. As for the problem with Rule XI.7, two possibilities have been suggested: a field (presumably argent) could be specified, or the charge could be made a billet. In either case, I feel a precise method of couping should be specified.

DISCUSSION: Franklyn states that "the word 'moussue' is of doubtful origin, but it may have been developed out of 'musa', an old word for a banana." (p. 77) I would have assumed that it was related to the French adjectives mousse, émoussé; from the verb émousser 'to blunt'.

Reynard the Brown. Badge for Refsheim. Argent, a fox courant to sinister gules encircled by a serpent nowed back on itself sable.

REASON FOR RETURN: The representation of the serpent is a form of interlace, which is not acceptable in SCA heraldry. The charge is unrecognizable, and its position is not something that can reasonably or accurately be blazoned. Please redesign.

Talkative Tim the Tentmaker. Device. Vert, two chevronels between three tau crosses Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts, alas, with AUBUGEOIS DE LA VILLE DU BOST: Vert, two chevrons Or. (Rietstap) There is a single point of difference, for the addition of a group of secondary charges.

Vashti of the Flaming Tresses. Device. Purpure, a flame between in pale two estoiles and in fess an increscent and a decrescent Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with KATYA WANDERER: Purpure, a saltire between in pale two mullets of four points and in fess an increscent and a decrescent Or. (SCA) There is a major point for changing the type of the primary charge, and a minor point (which demotes) for changing part of a group of secondaries.

William of Bellwood. Device. Sable, a chevron checky sable and Or and in dexter chief a lion passant Or.

REASON FOR RETURN: The chevron does not have sufficient contrast ­­ half of it vanishes into the field, leaving the viewer with a confused visual impression. A charge checky, compony, or counter­compony should not be placed on a field which is the same tincture as part of the charge.

Kingdom of the West

Fridhrekr Elfski Jonasson. Badge. Per bend argent and Or, a fret vert.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with EATON OF DUNMOYLIN: Or, a fret vert. (Rietstap) There is a minor point of difference between a metal field and a field divided of two metals. (RFS XIII.B.l.b).

Ruth de Lorient. Device. Per fess dovetailed ermine and azure, in base a horse passant argent.

REASON FOR RETURN: This conflicts with PATRICE D'CILLA: Sable, in base a horse passant argent, in canton a dove descendant gules, fimbriated argent. (SCA).There is a major point of difference for the field, and a minor point for removing the dove.

DISCUSSION: Vesper has requested a clarification of the state of Patrice's arms. As nearly as I can determine, the following is what happened: 1) On 17 May 1975, Vesper (Karina) submitted Patrice's original arms (with a Pegasus rampant) to the College of Arms. 2) On 15 June 1975, Brigantia (Alfgar) pointed out that this was an "egregious infringement" on his own arms. 3) On 30 June 1975, Laurel (Ioseph) approved Patrice's arms as submitted. 4) On 17 Nov 1975, Vesper (Wilhelm) submitted a change to a horse passant. 5) On 20 Jan 1980, Laurel (Wilhelm) approved the change he had submitted as Vesper. The Laurel files contain a couple of line drawings (one of them an almost illegible photocopy) of Patrice's original submission, and an emblazon sheet (with a Blake street address) of the change.

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Kingdom of Atenveldt

Gyera della Farfalla. Device. Per fess enarched azure and Or, in base a butterfly displayed purpure, a bordure vert.

The butterfly was blazoned as Or in the letter of intent. (Atenveldt).