APPROVALS 25 January XXI (1987)


Kingdom of Ansteorra

Alix Catlin de Curci. Name and device. Azure, an escallop inverted Or within an orle of gillyflowers, slipped and leaved, argent.

Anastassia Mikhailovna Donskoi. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

The given name appeared on the letter of intent as "Anatassia", but the forms had the third "s".

Angelina Panattoni di Lucca. Name only.

Athelwulf Wulfsson. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

The letter of intent spelled the given name "Aethelwulf", but the forms used the equally acceptable "Athelwulf".

Branwen filia Marci. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

The name was submitted as Branwen filia Marcus. This is not correct Latin, even for early medieval Wales: the father's name must be placed in the genitive. A better form would be either the proper Latin gentile name Marcia (for "Branwen Marcia") or the Welsh "Branwen ferch Marc".

Bronwyn Morgana MacPherson. Device. Per bend azure and Or, a fan and whelk shell counterchanged.

Bryn Gwlad, Barony of. Badge for Baronial Guard. Or, two halberds in saltire sable, on a chief gules a mullet of five greater and five lesser points argent.

Claryce Orfevre. Name only (see PENDING for device).

Conor Mac Cinneide. Name only.

Daniel Blackaxe. Device. Bendy dovetailed gules and Or, two wings, conjoined in lure, argent, overall two axes inverted in saltire sable.

Elaine Bel Monte. Device. Per bend sinister vert and Or, a frog sejant affronty and a mountain issuant from base counterchanged.

Elfsea, Shire of. Badge. A goblet azure charged with two bars wavy Or.

Enoch Crandall O'Crennan. Name only.

The name was submitted as Enoch Crandall O'Cranon, with documentation from geneological materials on the Crandall family to support the use of the name in period. No documentation was found to support O'Cranon so we have substituted the similar family name of O'Crennan (from the Irish "O Crionain") which is documented in MacLysaght's Surnames of Ireland, p. 65.

Feargus Callahan. Name and device. Argent, a pall inverted between two pine cones inverted and an acorn vert.

Hrodric Gairovaldson. Name only.

Katrinn Astrid Dagsdottir. Name and device. Per chevron engrailed azure and Or, two falcon's heads erased respectant argent, armed and orbed Or, and in base three Catherine wheels sable, two and one.

The name was submitted as Katrinn Astrid Dagledatter. No documentation could be obtained for "Dagle". Since the submittor indicated that she would accept "any of the Dag names", we have substituted the proper Old Norse patronymic derived from the documented name "Dagr".

Liadaine of Cul Mor. Name and device. Argent, three chevronels braced and in base five mascles, conjoined in cross, a chief invected, all vert.

Please ask the submittor to draw the mascles properly, conjoined at the points and not interlaced.

Liadaine of Cul Mor. Badge. Five mascles conjoined in cross between four sewing needles in saltire, points outward, argent.

Martha Armorel McDonald de Alvorada. Device. Ermine, a lymphad in full sail sable between two demi-suns issuant from chief and from base gules.

Morgan Morningstar. Name and device. Vert, three compass stars, the greater points wavy, within a bordure invected argent.

Note that the unusual compass stars have been previously registered to several other members of House Morningstar.

Philip Fitzraymond. Name and device. Per bend erminois and pean, on a bend vert three wake knots Or.

Revekka Alexandrovna Dobriye Ruki. Name and device. Per fess wavy argent and sable, two quills in chevron inverted, crossed at their tips azure and a candlestick argent, the candle enflamed Or.

The name was submitted as Revekka Alexandrovna Dobrykh Rukikh. We have accepted Master Gawaine's suggestion for the emendation of the byname.

Roderich von Wolfach. Name only.

Sovany Barcsi Janos. Badge. A horse rampant paly of seven Or and gules, its forelimb an arm in armour brandishing a sword argent.

Note that this is extremely poor style for a badge, combining as it does two visually anomalous components (i.e., the arm in armour and the horse) in disconnected tinctures. It is technically legal, but visually confusing.

Stella of the Steppes. Holding Name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per chevron azure and Or, in chief two mullets between a decrescent and an increscent Or and in base a Maltese cross sable.

This was submitted under the name of Cayla Estelle LeMee.

Theresa de Foxton. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). Argent, two dragon's heads erased addorsed gules, issuant from their mouths rose slips, leaved, and terminating in chief in a garden rose blossom sable.

Valerius Fidelis Camerinus. Name only.

The name was submitted as Camerinus Valerius Fidelis. Unfortunately, "Camerinus", which in its origin referred to a person from the Latin town of Cameria, was always a cognomen in both classical and medieval Latin. In the medieval period a number of names which were solely gentile names were used as given names by those who did not fully understand the conventions of classical nomenclature (Julius is an excellent example of this phenomenon) and Valerius Fidelis, used with a place name of origin is a perfectly reasonable neo-Latin name. This can be accomplished by simply moving the Camerinus to the end of the name. The submittor should be informed of the meaning of Camerinus (it does not have any relation to Cameron, as his documentation implies is his belief), but he may be assured that both in the classical and the medieval period men were commonly referred to informally in Latin by their cognomina, even if legal documents generally used a fuller version of the name (Cicero is probably the most familiar example of this: his full name was Marcus Tullius Cicero).

Kingdom of An Tir

Æthelhere the Unsteady. Name and device. Argent, seme of lozenges gules, a wyvern passant, wings displayed, within a bordure engrailed sable.

Angus MacFlandry. Name only.

An Tir, Kingdom of. Title for Sable Minotaur Pursuivant.

Bianca Allegri da Vicenza. Device. Per bend vert and argent, on a bend azure, a hand appaumy couped and in chief a crescent argent.

Bogdan Il'ich Volknoi. Name change from Bogdan Il'ich Volknoi iz Novgoroda.

Brenna the Disinherited. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

The rationalizations given for the name as a feminized form of Brendan, etc. are not really linguistically sound. However, since Roman histories from an early period recount the capture of Rome c. 390 B.C. by a Celtic king whom the Romans called "Brennus" and call the leader of the Galatian invasion of Greece in 279 B.C. by the same name, there is every probability of a feminine formed according to regular Latin rules on that Latinized name.

Celine d'Avignon. Name and device. Purpure, two eagle's wings conjoined Or and in chief a crescent argent.

Cynthia Braithwaite of Sevenoaks. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

David the Undecided. Name and device. Azure, a winged bear segreant to sinister, holding in its mouth an olive branch, argent within a bordure invected argent, seme of stars of David azure.

Please ask the submittor to draw the olive branch much larger: as drawn on the emblazon sheet it appeared almost like a conventional heraldic representation of the bear's tongue. If it had not clearly had personal import to the submittor, we would have dropped it from the blazon as non-differencing detail.

Duban O'Guinn Silverwolf. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Vert, three bars gemelles argent within a bordure ermine.

The name was submitted as Dublin O'Guinn Silverwolf: since the stated mundane name was not acceptable, we have formed the holding name from the nearest period masculine name we could find: Duban (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 78).

Eileen Falconer. Name only.

Gwilym Moore de Montfort. Name change from Gwilym Moore.

Gytha Anora ni Chiarain. Name only.

The name was submitted as Gytha Anora ni Kerean. As her documentation suggested that she desired the proper form of the patronymic formed from Ciaran we have provided that.

Julitta of Rosehaven. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Kathleen Eriksdatter. Name and device. Per chevron argent and azure, in chief a dagger inverted sable between two lions combattant gules and in base a mullet of four points sable.

Keran of Ayas. Name and device. Gules, a natural seahorse and on a chief Or three pomegranates gules, slipped and leaved purpure.

Please ask the submittor to draw the pomegranates properly, i.e., not issuant from the bottom of the chief.

Lao Xue-sheng. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Megan Althea of Glengarriff. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Meinward Wighelm. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Padraic of Three Mountains. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Vert, a Celtic cross between in base two trefoils slipped argent within a bordure Or.

Robert Braithwaite of Sevenoaks. Name and device. Or, seven oak leaves vert and a chief embattled gules, seme of acorns Or.

Robert Braithwaite of Sevenoaks. Badge for Household of Sevenoaks. Gyronny Or and gules, on an oak leaf vert an acorn Or.

Roland von dem Silbernwald. Name and device. Quarterly gules and sable, a hurst of three trees between three increscents argent.

The name appeared on the letter of intent as Roland von Silberwald. The forms had "Silbernwald" which is slightly different in meaning so we used that form. The article "dem" has been added to produce correct German grammar (the structure is parallel to that used in "von dem Schwarzwald").

Ula Brennasdottir. Name and device. Azure, an owl striking affronty argent and in chief a plate, all within an orle of ivy Or.

Ursula of Thetford. Name and device. Per bend Or and sable, a bear rampant counterchanged.

Kingdom of Atenveldt

Corisande Amina min Baghdad. Name and device. Per chevron inverted indented purpure and argent, in pale two fleurs-de-lys counterchanged.

Dorofei Alexandrovna Rostova. Name and device. Sable, a bend dovetailed between a candle and candlestick argent, enflamed Or, and two hearts voided interlaced Or.

The name was submitted as Dascha Alexandrovna Rostov. Since Dascha is a diminutive form of Dorofei (the Russian equivalent of Dorothy), we have substituted the parent name for the diminutive. The place name of origin has also been modified to the proper feminine form of "Rostova" to agree with the rest of the name.

Eleanora Valentina Beota. Name and device. Azure, on a pile ploye, a hummingbird rising, wings elevated and addorsed vert.

This was submitted as Eleanora Valentina Beoti. The byname "Beoti" could not be documented in Italian or any other language as meaning anything like "beautiful hair", as the submittor desired. Since it was not clear whether the meaning or the sound took priority with the submittor, we have changed the byname to the nearest sound, the proper form of the epithet for "the Boeotian" in Italian. If the lady wishes, she may change the byname to a form which refers to beautiful hair.

Elfleda Tarsella Bethoc. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sinister embattled counterembattled gules between a rosewood recorder palewise proper and a four-leaved clover slipped vert, three bezants.

Emerick Cowper from the Wall. Device. Gules, a sword inverted proper surmounted by a barrel palewise argent, banded sable, all within a bordure argent.

Geoffrey Athos von Ulm. Badge for House Dragon Watch. Pean, a wingless dragon nowed Or.

In correspondence there was raised the question of the Donnelly knot: this is an elaborate knot in cross. For a sketch, see Precedents I, page 14.

Gerald the Inverter of Kilkenny. Name only.

The name was submitted as Jerry the Inverter of Kilkenny. Since his forms specifically allowed changes to the name, we have substituted the non-diminutive form of the name. Although he may be commonly called "Jerry", the presupposition is that his legal given name is Gerald or some other full name.

Karla of Sundragon. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess Or and sable, a fir tree eradicated and in chief three towers, all counterchanged.

This was submitted under the name of Karla Reichelt Petasch.

Olaf Bearcrusher. Device. Counter-ermine, a pale embattled between two bears combattant argent.

This had been returned in February, 1986, for conflict with Morrigan FitzRolf. He has now received permission to conflict.

Kingdom of Caid

Andrew of Elm Cottage. Name and device. Per saltire argent and sable, four bats displayed counterchanged.

Corwin du Mont de Maine. Device. Argent, a compass rose between two flaunches sable.

Gregory of York. Blazon Correction. Azure, a falcon striking, wings displayed proper, on a chief azure three roses argent, each charged with a rose Or, fimbriated sable, all barbed and seeded proper.

As a result of his reworking of the terminology for bird positions, Master Baldwin reblazoned the bird on this device as "rising with wings displayed". The gentle, with Crescent's support, has petitioned for a return to the original blazon. Since the redefinition of terminology specifically considered "rising" and "striking" to have no heraldic difference and "striking" is still a licit usage, there seems no reason to deny the gentle's preference for "striking".

Hrorek Halfdane of Faulconwood. Release of badge. Azure, a unicorn's head couped to sinister argent within eight mullets in annulo Or.

Ian MacDonald of Connacht. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Morgan Jaussara de Valletta. Device. Azure, a cross parted and fretted between in bend two escallops inverted and in bend sinister two crescents within a bordure argent.

Sagar of Aguila the Savant. Name only.

This was submitted as Sagar the Savant of Aguila, a formation which smacked too much of a title to the College. The simplest situation seemed to be to switch the epithets: this would be extremely common in medieval Latin where an occupational epithet frequently follows a personal name and epithet of origin and seems appropriate for a lingua franca translation of a scholar's name.

Simon of Gardengate House. Name only.

Tamara of the Russ. Name and device. Per pale purpure and Or, on a pair of dragon's wings conjoined, displayed and inverted, two dragon's heads, addorsed and conjoined at the shoulder, all counterchanged.

Timotheus Zacharia of Altavia. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a great horned owl displayed proper, on a chief sable a sword fesswise reversed between two towers argent.

The name was submitted as Timotheus Zacharia von Zwilling Schloss. Since the submittor allowed no changes to the name, but did allow use of a holding name, we have temporarily dropped the problematical place name and substituted the name of his home group.

Wilihelm Roderick FitzLovel. Blazon correction. On a mullet of sixteen points voided, a wolf rampant Or.

This was incorrectly corrected in December. Crescent has suggested that the word processor was possessed of a demon, but we know better: it knew that it was about to be replaced and was trying to be difficult (several of us had the same experience with our vehicles: previously well-behaved vehicles started becoming random as soon as their owners started pricing newer models!).

Wulfstan Darroldson. Device. Purpure, a wolf's head cabossed within a bordure argent.

Kingdom of Calontir

Alain d'Amis. Name only.

Angus of Blackmoor. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

Carrefour, Shire of. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

Gerard of Helmsley. Name and badge. Argent, eight annulets in annulo alternately sable and gules.

Moonstone, Shire of. Name only.

The name was returned in March, 1985, for conflict with the name of House Moonstone, registered to Theresa of the Blue Rose. They have permission to conflict.

Kingdom of the East

Alarice Blackhawk. Device. Or, a hawk close to sinister reguardant between two lozenges in fess, all within a bordure sable.

Amee de Jardyn. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Andrea Caitlin MacIntire. Name only.

Bertram of Bearington. Badge. Gules, a tun argent surmounted by a fusil throughout quarterly argent and sable, all within a bordure gyronny sable and argent.

Caitlyn Fitzrobert. Name and device. Argent, a natural leopard couchant sable within a bordure azure, goutty d'Or.

Charles Philippe Castelmore de Cadours. Device. Azure, on a bend gules, fimbriated, between an open scroll argent and a sword proper, three fleurs-de-lys palewise Or.

Christopher Erickson. Name and device. Lozengy sable and argent, a sword inverted Or surmounted by a pair of wings conjoined gules.

Cordelia an Cleasaiche. Name and device. Or, a longship sailing to sinister within a bordure embattled azure.

Cross-gender names are so well-established a tradition in the Society that it would be pedantic to object that the byname is masculine in form. However, the submittor should be informed that Gaelic would normally demand the feminine form of the byname: "a' Bhanachleasaiche".

Deirdre Ui Mhaille. Change of Device. Purpure, three escallops in pall inverted, hinges to center, within a bordure argent.

Note that her previous device ("Vert, an open book Or and on a chief argent three escallops inverted azure.") becomes a badge.

Elspeth Starwatcher. Name and device. Or, on a sun vert, two lion's heads erased, addorsed and conjoined at the neck, argent.

Endeweard, Shire of. Name and device. Gyronny of sixteen sable and Or, a tower argent charged with a laurel wreath vert, all within an orle argent.

Garbhan Kepler. Name only.

Garret du Bouclier Noir. Name and device. Sable, on a cross between in bend two eagle's heads couped and in bend sinister two swords inverted argent, a cross raguly gules.

The name appeared on the letter of intent with the byname "de Bouclier Noir", but the forms had the proper form of the preposition.

Gideon Wynsbane. Device. Azure, a winged stag and a griffin segreant combattant within a bordure argent.

Geirr Ragnarsson. Blazon Correction. Or, a delf voided gules, surmounted by a cross formy voided, the ends bretassed of three merlons purpure.

Harold Wilkinson. Device. Vairy azure and Or, on a pale between two swords in fess argent, another sword azure.

Please request the submittor to draw this in such a way that the swords lie clearly on azure portions of the field; if he does not they will be invisible.

Hjalmar von Aachen. Device. Vert, a castle argent portalled and masoned sable, on a chief argent three oak leaves vert.

James of Falworth. Name and device. Per chevron Or, mulletty of six points azure, and sable, in base a sea lion erect Or, all within a bordure engrailed counterchanged sable and Or.

John Anborn the Blue. Name and device. Per bend embattled argent and azure, two crosses potent counterchanged.

Justin Meteora. Device. Azure, three standing balances and on a chief Or, a comet fesswise azure.

Kevin MacCormack. Name and device. Azure, three hearts and on a chief azure, a unicorn dormant.

Kristin Ailbe Anmclaid. Name only.

Lazar ben Yoal. Device. Per pale azure and argent, two lions rampant addorsed within a bordure seme of lions' jambs couped at the elbow, all counterchanged.

Markus Jager von Farnwald. Name and device. Argent, a boar spear bendwise inverted sable between two bendlets, the whole between two bracken fronds vert.

Mord Hrutson the Green. Badge for House Regnesfolc. Azure, a longship between four gouttes in cross argent.

Morgan Nightbear. Name and badge. A winged unicorn salient, its wings displayed, azure.

Nicholas De Witte. Name and device. Argent, a dragon passant to sinister reguardant coward vert between in bend two roundels enflamed proper.

Northpass, Canton of. Device. Vair, two bendlets and in bend sinister a laurel wreath between two tygers passant to sinister Or.

Percival de Courcee. Device. Or, a unicorn's head couped sable within an orle of hearts gules.

Richard Eagle Eye. Name and device. Paly sable and Or, a wingless dragon passant on a chief gules four castles Or.

Please remind the submittor to draw the field with an even number of vertical divisions(i.e., add another pallet Or to the field). Since the intent of the submittor was clear (and matched the blazon) it seemed unfair to penalize him because the artist who rendered the emblazon could not count.

NOTE: We considered at some length whether it would be proper to issue a general ruling rescinding the current ruling which makes fields divided of even number of pallets or bars "neutral" where an odd number is not. After drawing up several examples of fields divided evenly and unevenly, it became clear that contrast of overlying ordinaries such as chiefs and bordures of the same class as the dominant tincture (i.e., the one with an even number of ordinaries on an uneven field) is considerably poorer when the field is unevenly divided. The distinction between the neutral field evenly divided and the "field plus ordinaries" which is unevenly divided is drawn from mundane heraldic tradition. It is, however, applied with far less vigor since the charges which come into conflict with the Rule of Tincture in the Society because of the distinction (the chief and the bordure) are largely exempt from that restriction in mundane heraldry. Our conclusion was that it would not be feasible to drop the even-uneven distinction at this time without also modifying Society practice with regard to a chief or a bordure to follow mundane precedent. We are not prepared to do that at this time.

Rowan of the Quintain. Name and device. Per pale dovetailed gules and argent, in fess a rowan sprig and a fleurdelys counterchanged.

Note that Rowan has been previously been documented as the usual Anglicized form of the Irish masculine name Ruadhan (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 157). Therefore, it does not fall under the prohibition on "flower names".

Thaddeus Zhukow. Name and device. Per bend argent and sable, two rolled scrolls bendwise between two frogs rampant, all counterchanged.

Tristan of Ryddingbrooke. Name and device. Azure, on a bend sinister Or between a unicorn's head erased argent, armed and crined Or, and a tower argent, three crosses crosslet fitchy gules.

Kingdom of Meridies

Anne of Neath. Name only.

Asenaeth of Thorne. Name and device. Per chevron ploye vert and sable, three narwhales naiant in annulo argent.

Please ask the submittor to draw the field division properly, not lowered halfway to a point pointed ploye, as it was drawn on the emblazon sheet.

Bronwyn Anchoret Selwyn. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

Ellawin of Eaglewood. Device. Or, chausse ploye azure, an eagle striking azure between in base two fir trees Or.

It is not good style to charge the chape or chausse portion of a field. However, since there is ample Society precedence for the practice, I feel compelled to accept it in this case.

Gwyneth of Lindesfarne. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

Although there is considerable evidence that the use of Gwyneth as a feminine name is a modern usage, we feel that it must be considered among those "common usage" names, (e.g., Corwin) that are accorded acceptance in the Society.

James Aikman of Battle Abbey. Device. Per pale sable and argent, three annulets in pale within a mascle throughout, all counterchanged.

Note that the letter of intent and his forms had the name as James Aikmon, but the name was registered in August, 1984, as Aikman and his paperwork and documentation at that time indicated that was what he desired. If this is not the case, he will have to submit a name change.

Marthe Elsbeth of Oak Hill. Personal name and badge for House Oak Hill. Per pale argent and sable, an oak leaf counterchanged.

Mary of Neath. Name only.

Nicholai Hinidin. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

Note that Hinidin is not derived from Quenya, as noted on the letter of intent, but rather from Sindarin, as indicated by Brachet.

Rhiannon of the Isle. Name and device. Per saltire pean and vert, in fess two dragons passant Or.

Robin of Neath. Device. Or, within a cross of four cables fretted throughout, six cross crosslets gules.

Sean MacDuncan. Name only (See RETURNS for device).

Siobhan Muirgen Ni Dhomnhall. Name and device. Sable, goutty d'eau, a bend vert, fimbriated, between a dragon passant and a dolphin hauriant, all within a bordure argent.

The name was submitted as Sionann Murgean Ni Domnall Tir Conaill. Unfortunately, Shannon was documented only as the name of the river (Shannon) while no documentation was provided for the spelling of Muirgen. Additionally, as Tir Connell was the seat of the chief sept of the O'Donnells, it may not be used with the name O'Donnell just as Argyll may not be used with Campbell. Since the paperwork permitted changes to the name, we have substituted the well-documented Irish feminine name Siobhan (which has the additional benefit of being an Irish equivalent of her mundane given name of Jacqueline), corrected the spelling of the second name to "Muirgen" (which means sea-born, as the submittor wished) and dropped the Tir Connell reference. The spelling of the patronymic has also been modified to the correct Irish form.

Yvonne von Bremen. Device. Argent, three pallets sable between two griffins combattant vert, a chief embattled sable.

Please ask the submittor to draw the chief properly, not merely as a narrow ribbon across the top of the shield, as it appeared on the emblazon.

Kingdom of the Middle

Alasdair of Kerry. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Amanda of Walworth. Name and device. Gules, a bend engrailed between two maple leaves, all argent.

Ancel FitzCharles. Name only.

Annys St. John. Name and device. Gules, a star anise Or between two maunches in fess, the dexter reversed, ermine, each charged with a star anise azure.

August Arenvald. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

The name appeared on the letter of intent as Augustus Arenvald, but the forms had the more common German form August.

Ceinwyn of Greenchapel. Change of device. Per bend azure and lozengy argent and vert, in sinister chief a unicorn dormant argent.

What is registered is the emblazon, not the blazon: as the original sheets showed a unicorn couchant, rather than the clearly dormant unicorn of the new emblazon sheets, this is technically a change of device rather than a blazon correction. A blazon correction exists when the original blazon does not correctly reflect the registered emblazon or the verbiage does not reflect the intent (e.g., for canting purposes) of the submittor and the new blazon will not be heraldically different from the registered emblazon: since a minor point can be derived from a major charge which is dormant rather than couchant, this cannot be merely a blazon correction.

Celina Dawen. Name and device. Per fess indented azure and gules, a decrescent argent and a demi-sun Or.

The blazon not the miniature emblazon was correct in omitting an apparent fess indented. Since virtually every commentor picked this up and checked for conflict against the form as given on the blazon, we felt justified in not placing this on the pending list.

Crossing of the Red Spears, March of the. Device. Or, two boar spears in saltire surmounted by another palewise gules, overall a laurel wreath vert.

Eirik the Elder. Name and device. Or, two wyverns addorsed and conjoined at the tail azure, each bearing a broken hafted battle axe sable.

Elwyn of Wyndehurst. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Flaming Gryphon, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Flaming Brand. Ermine, a torch sable, enflamed proper.

Flaming Gryphon, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Gryphon's Plume. Ermine, a feather bendwise Or, enflamed gules.

Please request the Barony to draw the flames with appropriate boldness, not as a ragged fimbriation, as it was drawn on the emblazon sheet.

Galiena Goshawk. Name only.

Garlanda de Stanes. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Ginevra del Carmine. Name and device. Per bend Or and vert, a hart lodged counterchanged.

As Crescent has noted "Carmine" is an Italian masculine noun denoting a Carmelite nunnery so "del Carmine" is a properly formed byname.

Graca da Alataia. Badge. Per pale Or and vert, a chess pawn counterchanged.

Graidhne ni Ruaidh. Badge for the House of No Repute. Gules, three hearts, one and two, Or.

Ian Gourdon of Glen Awe. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, fretty Or, in chief a double rose azure, barbed and seeded proper, a bordure sable.

The name was submitted as Ian Gourdon O'Glen Awe. In this case the elided preposition is confusing as it appears to be an illegal patronymic so we have restored it to its full form.

James the Tactless. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Knute Hvitbjorn. Name and device. Sable, platy, a polar bear's head erased to sinister argent.

The name was submitted as Knute Hvitabjorn. As the proper combined form of the adjective is hvit, as in "hvitbeinn" (meaning "white-leg"), the name has been modified to the correct grammatical construction.

Maddelena of Alsace. Device. Or, a scallop shell distilling three gouttes azure and in base three barrulets vert.

Magdalena Ysabel von Wolfenberg. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Michael Arthur of Kerry. Name only.

Ragnar Ironhand. Name and device. Gyronny of sixteen azure and Or, a mailed sinister fist argent within a bordure counterchanged.

Rees of Northwoods. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Quarterly azure and gules, four arrowheads argent.

The device was submitted under the name of Rees of Cambria.

Rinaldo of Blackhaven. Name and device. Gyronny azure and argent, a bat displayed maintaining a fasces gules, wearing a barrel helm sable.

We felt that this was eccentric, to say the least, but it is legal.

Rosamund Calvert. Device. Per fess argent and azure, a pale counterchanged and three cinquefoils gules, seeded Or, all within a bordure Or.

Rufus the Short of Burgundy. Name and device. Argent, a sea-urchin gules, and in chief five gouttes in fess sable.

The sea-urchin should be assumed to be a heraldic sea-urchin unless otherwise specified.

Saethryth of Athelney. Name and device. Purpure, an annulet argent fretted with two seaxes in saltire, all within an orle of eight frogs sejant affronty Or.

Thomas ap Llewellyn. Badge. Per bend sable and argent, a wild man gules maintaining a sword inverted argent, hilted sable, enflamed gules.

Tofi Kerthjalfadsson. Name and device. Sable, estoilly argent, three cat's heads cabossed Or.

Veronica of Seldom Rest. Name and device. Purpure, upon a sunflower between three dragonflies Or, a dragonfly gules.

Wilhelm the Frank of Walled Lake. Name change from Wilhelm of Walled Lake (see RETURNS for blazon correction).

Will Langdon of Greymorne. Name change from Will Langdon.

William Ransom. Name only.

Kingdom of the West

Achmere ibn Tamim. Badge. A palm tree couped sable.

Athelstan Saint Maur. Change of name from holding name of Aethelstan of Montagne du Roi.

The spelling on the submission was Aethelstan St. Maur. We register the full name, not a scribal abbreviation (which is what St. is). Therefore, we have corrected the spelling as the submittors forms allowed.

Aldith Lightwicke. Name and device. Per pale vert and argent, a fleur-de-lys and on a chief two ermine spots, all counterchanged.

Andrew Shay Forestborn. Change of name from William Shay Forestborn.

Anthony Ravenscroft. Device. Quarterly per pale wavy Or and gules, in bend two ravens and in bend sinister two goblets all within a bordure, all counterchanged.

The partition by a complex line at present automatically frees a device from the restriction on quartering and so this device is legitimate, although certainly suggestive of the intent to quarter. It is the more disturbing since a number of Continental jurisdictions regularly quarter with one or both of the partition lines being a complex line such as wavy or embattled.

Arron Renyard. Change of name from Arron Reynard.

Berengaria de Montfort of Carcassonne. Change of name from Antadina Exeter du Nordlac (see RETURNS for change of device).

Brian O Riain. Name and device. Per bend sable and argent, a bend counterchanged, in chief a Celtic cross Or.

Caitlin MacAllestyr. Change of name from Caitlin Domhnullach.

Catherine Elspeth d'Aix la Chapelle. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

The name was submitted as Catherine Elspeth d'Aix La Chapelle. We have corrected the form of the place name to the normal orthography as permitted by the submittor.

Cedrych Mac Shuibhne. Name and device. Per pale Or and gules, two suns counterchanged, on a point pointed engrailed azure, three annulets interlaced Or.

This skates perilously close to "slot-machine heraldry": the unity derived from the identity of the type of charge in chief and the unifying effect of the counterchange is all that saves it. [Ed. Note: Yes, that is a judgement call.].

Ceinwen of Wolfhaven. Name and device. Per pale Or and sable, three bear's pawprints counterchanged.

We still have major objections, personal and institutional, to pawprints as heraldic charges, but the Society precedent in their favour is strong. (If only the device of Esther of Darkhaven had never been registered!).

Donald Edwin MacAllestyr. Change of name from Edwin von Elsass.

Ella of Clan Fergus. Name and device. Per fess gules and azure, in chief a rose Or and in base three daggers argent.

Erich Johann Meyer. Name and device. Per pale indented sable and argent, two roses in fess and a heart, all counterchanged argent and gules.

Gabriel Lightfoot. Device. Vert, a heart within an orle of fleurs-de-lys Or.

Geoffrey of Clan Fergus. Azure, an axe, head to sinister, argent and a gore sinister Or.

Guenever of Ravenscroft. Spelling correction.

The place name was spelled incorrectly when the name was accepted in November, 1986.

Harold von dem Schwarzwald. Name and device. Azure, on a fess embattled between three mullets of four points Or, three hurts.

Innilgard, Barony of. Badge. Azure, on a goblet argent, a fret couped gules.

Isabeau of Teufelberg. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Sable, a phoenix displayed Or issuant from flames proper, on a chief triangular Or, a crux ansata gules.

The device was submitted under the name of Isabeau de Calais.

Kareina Talvi Tytar. Name correction from Kereina Talvi Tytar.

Karl Helweg. Device. Gyronny of ten purpure and ermine, a lion rampant to sinister triple-queued Or, within an orle engrailed on the outer edge and invected on the inner edge, counterchanged.

Kathe Willig von Mainz. Release of badge for Honeyfur. Azure goutty Or, on a plate an urn azure.

Lauren Grey. Device. Vert, on a chevron cotised between three water bougets argent, three cinquefoils vert.

Lucina Sara Hawkridge. Name and device. Sable, a wolf's head erased to sinister and on a chief triangular argent, a crescent gules.

Note that solid evidence for the use of the form Lucina as a given name in period was derived from Withycombe (p. 200, under Lucy). It should not be taken as precedent for the use of the names of stars as given names in the Society.

Lurana Dolfina. Name and badge. Argent, atop an ogress, a dragon passant to sinister, breathing flames, gules.

Matilda FitzRichard of Lochaven. Badge. Azure, an anteater statant argent.

Michail Viralier. Name and device. Argent, a cross gules surmounted by a seahorse erect, maintaining a sword palewise, in sinister chief a mullet, all within a bordure sable.

Peregrine Darkhawk. Name and device. Argent, a falcon rising to sinister sable, grasping in one talon, a finger ring gules, gemmed azure, all within a bordure rayonny gules.

Pippin Hodge. Name and device. Per chevron gules and sable, a chevron argent between two compass stars and a lion's head cabossed Or.

Rhiannon of Starfire Retreat. Device. Per bend wavy sable and purpure, a bend wavy Or, in chief a compass star argent.

Sandor Hackbrett. Name and device. Argent, two hammers in saltire vert.

This is very close to the device of Geoffrey of Emerald Glen ("Argent, two arrows inverted in saltire between in pale two boars' heads erased sable."). There is a clear major point for the removal of the heads, but it is arguable whether the visual differences between the two sets of long green objects in saltire should be considered a major point of difference. In view of the extreme simplicity of the devices in both cases, we were inclined to give the submittor the benefit of the doubt but would seriously encourage him not to draw the hammers in too elongated a fashion lest there be confusion with Geoffrey.

Serena of Canton. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Sofiye Darkhawk. Name and device. Argent, in fess a wolf statant erect to sinister reguardant sable, breathing flames gules, maintaining a finger ring gules, gemmed azure.

Targan de Montfort of Crystal Caverns. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Wulfsige Clovenhaft. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


Kingdom of Ansteorra

Anastassia Mikhailovna Donskoi. Device. Azure, two axes in saltire argent, the shafts Or, between in fess two wolfhound's heads addorsed erased argent, in chief a cross flory argent surmounting four hearts conjoined in cross Or.

The charge combination in chief is unidentifiable at any distance. The cross, which lies almost entirely on the hearts Or, is metal on metal in fact and disappears into the Or to such an extent that it cannot be determined what it is. The hearts in cross are so ill-defined at that size (and so obscured by the overlying charge) that at first glance they appear to be some sort of obscure four petalled rose. It was the general consensus that simplification was in order.

Athelwulf Wulfsson. Device. Potenty gules and argent, a wolf rampant reguardant within a bordure sable.

The device of Philip Dymoke was incorrectly stated in the letter of intent: the field is not argent, as stated, but rather potent, which reduces the degree of difference considerably, since Philip then bears "Potent, a wolf rampant sable." In this case, there is a major point for the addition of the bordure, a minor point for the partial change in colour of the field, and a weak minor for the difference in the position of the beast's head. On points this is marginal, but the identical pattern involved in the field makes the visual resemblance overwhelming.

Bran de Tintreak. Badge. On a compass star sable, a plate charged with a tower sable.

Unfortunately, this is four layers and therefore technically too complex for a device, let alone a badge.

Branwen filia Marcus. Device. Azure, a raven volant argent maintaining in his beak an acorn, slipped and leaved, a demi-sun issuant from base Or.

This device is identical, save for the negligible addition of the acorn, to that returned in 1983 for conflict with Jean de la Grand Anse ("Azure, in pale a dolphin naiant argent and a sun Or."). Conflict as well with the Osric Stanislaus Ivyarovich of Pripyat and Zhjest ("Azure, on a sun issuant Or, a drakkar in sail to sinister proper, sailed gules."): there is a major point for adding the bird, but only a minor point for the removal of the tertiary charge.

Cayla Estelle LeMee. Name only.

No documentation for the name was provided with the forms other than "See ILO A & R". The implication on the letter of intent was that the name had previously been registered, but we could find no reference to it in the Laurel files.

Galen of Bristol. Badge. Or, an uncial letter "G", coronetted, within a bordure wavy gules.

It was our definite feeling that "initial" badges should be registered only after the most serious consideration, since such usage would prohibit the general use of initials for decoration on personal articles or insignia (e.g., favours), a perfectly period practice which should be encouraged. In this case, the clear intent to use a modern style royal monogram impelled us to return the submission. (Note to Star: the letter of intent indicated that the badge had been "lost" in A.S.XVI, presumably indicating a desire to claim clemency through hardship. However, this badge would not have been permissible in A.S. XVI since the gentle did not become a viscount until some time afterwards.).

Haldana Jensdottir du Baliol. Device. Per pale azure and argent, two chevronels between two escallops inverted and a decrescent, all counterchanged.

Conflict with Esclairmonde Ravenscroft ("Per pale purpure and argent, two chevronels between three crescents all counterchanged."). There is slightly less than a full major point for the cumulative changes in tincture (a clear minor for the field and something less for the derivative tincture changes in the charges) and a weak major for changing the types of all the charges (weak because the charge in base is a crescent modification in both cases).

Mara Marguerite of House Morningstar. Badge. Or, a compass star, the greater points wavy, azure within a bordure purpure, ermined inverted Or.

The use of ermine tails inverted in a semy is not period style. Note: the compass star was blazoned on the letter of intent as vert, but the forms showed it as azure, which agrees with her registered device.

Theresa de Foxton. House Drachen Thorne. Household name only.

The noun and its modifier are so closely linked that they must match in language: either both should be English (i.e., House Dragon Thorn) or the noun should be changed to the cognate German word, which is Dorn (i.e., House or Haus Drachendorn).

Kingdom of An Tir

Brenna the Disinherited. Device. Purpure, a crab tergiant and in chief a roundel argent.

The device conflicts visually with that of Allyn O'Dubhda ("Purpure, a scorpion argent."): in both cases the "insectoid" creature (from the medieval point of view) is the dominant element and the visual similarities between the crab and the scorpion create enough visual confusion that the two cannot be considered clear. Conflict as well with the Shire of Malagentia ("Purpure, a moon in her complement within a laurel wreath argent."): for purposes of difference a moon in her complement and a plate are functionally identical.

Brenna the Disinherited. Badge for House Disinherited. Gules, an cross nowed and fleury surmounted by an annulet argent.

Neither the household name nor the badge are really period in style. The terminations of the cross are not really fleury either although that is the nearest blazon from standard heraldry.

Cynthia Braithwaite of Sevenoaks. Device. Bendy sinister of seven gules and Or, on a cross fleury azure, an acorn Or.

Conflict with Alexander Shanasie ("Pean, on a cross fleury azure, a chalice Or.").

Darien Tevarson. Badge. Azure, a compass star within a bordure argent.

Conflict with the device of Brandon d'Arindel ("Per bend azure and sable, a compass star of sixteen points elongated to base within a bordure argent.").

Donald Thomas Maxwell. Device. Azure, a dove rising, wings elevated and displayed, argent, on a chief Or a rose between two crosses crosslet gules.

Conflict with Bellingham ("Azure, an eagle displayed argent, holding in the beak a sprig vert, on a chief Or a rose between two crosses crosslet gules.") and with Francesca of Bright Angel ("Azure, a dove rising, wings displayed, argent.").

Dublin O'Guinn Silverwolf. Name only.

NR10 notes with regard to a mundane name used as a Society name under the mundane names exemption that "it must still be a recognized name. Some names, such as Moon Unit, are in the gray area between these rules and judgement will be exercised on appropriateness." In this case, Dubhlin is, both in period and today, perceived as a famous place name and is not a recognized personal name.

Ian MacIoruach. Device. Or, a squirrel rampant sable.

Conflict with Sengeli von Zauberberg ("Or, a woodchuck rampant proper."). Complete difference of charge cannot exist between a woodchuck and a squirrel: the visual similarities are too great. The woodchuck on Sengeli's emblazon is essentially sable.

Ian Jameson. Device. Per fess Or and vert, a fess enarched azure, overall a griffin segreant to sinister argent.

We were compelled to agree with Brachet that the field/fess arrangement here is visually equivalent to "tierced per fess enarched". The contrast between the azure fess and the vert portion of the field is so bad that they fade into one another behind the argent griffin and gives the impressions of "divided field + argent griffin". This being so, this is clearly visually in conflict with Tnek the Ainissestor ("Per bend sinister sable and gules, a griffin segreant to sinister argent.").

Julitta of Rosehaven. Device. Per bend sinister azure and vert, a dagger inverted argent entwined by three natural roses gules, slipped and leaved, vert, between in chief a compass star and a decrescent argent.

This is not period style and has some serious problems with contrast as the portions of the roses and their leafing and vining fall into the field. (In fact, the leaves vert are invisible on the vert portion of the field and almost invisible on the azure portion of the field.) It is also very close visually to Barbara Fitzhugh de Brandhard ("Azure, a sword inverted proper entwined widdershins of a poppy proper".) On points it might be clear: a major for adding the secondaries, a minor for the partial change of the field, a weak minor for the change in tincture of the hilt of the sword and a minor for the difference in number and type of flower. The latter changes are much diminished because of the lack of contrast and the common tinctures in use. Visually the two are strikingly similar.

Lao Xue-sheng. Device. Gules, a monkey rampant guardant argent, faced azure, vested and maintaining in dexter forepaw a staff Or.

Conflict with the badge of John the Idiota "(Gules, a woolly spider monkey rampant proper grasping in its upraised tail a pouch Or."). The overall tincture of the monkey on John's badge is as close to Or as makes no difference and the golden clothing covers the monkey to such an extent that it appears to be Or at any distance. The cumulative changes in the detail of the monkey do not make a full "point and a half" required for difference from a Society badge. It should be pointed out to the submittor that there was severe disquiet on the part of some commentors at the use of the "Monkey King" as a heraldic charge.

Megan Althea of Glengarriff. Device. Argent, a hollyhock blossom purpure, in chief three shamrocks vert.

Conflict with Alyanora of Vinca ("Argent, a periwinkle proper.").

Meinward Wighelm. Device. Azure, ermined argent, on a pile raguly argent a sword inverted sable.

Conflict with Geoffrey Fitz Roger ("Azure, on a pile raguly argent a male griffin segreant sable, armed Or.").

Montengard, Barony. Blazon change. Argent, semy of wild roses proper, a minotaur's head erased sable, armed, orbed, and gorged of a chain Or, within a laurel wreath vert.

The fact that a bull-headed human figure is one of the more common representations of the minotaur in antiquity is somewhat irrelevant to the issue of whether the blazon should be changed from its current "bull's head" to a minotaur's head. All the documentation provided demonstrates that the head of a minotaur is a bull's head and cannot be distinguished as a minotaur without the remainder of the creature.

Padraic of Armaugh. Name only.

The see of St. Patrick was at Armagh and he is called Patrick of Armagh in period sources.

Roberta of Rowan. Name change from Roberta Rowan.

There has been no convincing evidence presented that "Rowan" by itself can be considered to be a placename, as the grammar of the name would demand. From a linguistic point of view , she may have "Roberta of the Rowan", which makes Rowan the tree, or "Roberta of House Rowan", using the unregistered household name, or the already registered "Roberta Rowan", which follows the pattern of similar names in Reaney and other sources.

Valtorr of Oslo. Name and device. Quarterly Or and argent, an eight-legged horse salient sable within an orle gules.

Unfortunately, "t" is not interchangeable with the character transliterated as "th" in Old Norse, the language specifically stated to be the language of intent. The submittor clearly indicated that he wished the second part of the name to mean "Thor" so the "th" consonant must be used. As he indicated that he would not accept any changes to his name, we could not correct the given name to "Valthorr" and so had to return the entire submission. Note that on the emblazon the beast is not within the orle, but rather surmounts it with its hooves. Despite the precedent for registering the eight-legged horse which was cited in the letter of intent, there was considerable feeling that a Sleipnir was not an appropriate charge for use in the Society, particularly with a name so suggestive of the Nordic pantheon.

Kingdom of Atenveldt

Danya Avrama Bethoc. Name and device. Argent, a cubit arm couped palewise aversant holding a tambourine proper, on a chief gules three butterflies argent.

The name Danya was documented as a feminine name solely from Kolatch, which is notorious for its lack of interest in drawing distinctions between traditional and modern names. In fact, the only actual instances we could find of Danya were as a modern Russian diminutive of Daniel and we do not register diminutives without evidence of their independent existence in period. Since the human flesh is a "light" tincture, it has insufficient contrast with the argent field, as do the metallic disks which differentiate the tambourine from an annulet of dark wood.

Dark Tower, Shire of. Name and device. Per chevron inverted argent and vert, in chief a tower sable within a laurel wreath vert and in base two dragon skulls respectant argent.

The name is not a suitable name for a Society group. It is not only in conflict with the Sauron's fortress of Barad-dur, which is generally referred to in the Tolkienic literature in its English translation ("The Dark Tower"), but also with the recent electronic game of the same name (suggested by the Tolkienic location, according to several of our game maven associates). The dragon's skulls were not identifiable, even at close range, although we appreciated the intent: perhaps they could consider some more identifiable skulls?.

Gerald the Inverter of Kilkenny. Device. Azure, a double-bitted axe palewise between two oak leaves, all argent.

Conflict with the badge of Armand Vozon d'Angoumois ("Azure, a halberd palewise argent." A comparison of the emblazons convinced us that the visual difference between the halberd and the double-bitted axe was not adequate to difference the two.

Junella ferch Balin. Name and device. Vert, a wolf statant erect, grasping in its dexter forepaw a rose slipped and leaved and on a chief argent, a ferret passant to sinister gardant proper.

Unfortunately, the form Junella is definitely a diminutive form and made-up names must obey the prohibition on diminutives. The analogy with Petronella is a good one, but does not help since the use of Petronella in period was based on a misapprehension on the part of medieval clerics: when a tomb was discovered in the catacombs of Rome labelled "Filiae dulcissimae Aureliae Petronillae", it was assumed mistakenly that this was the tomb of a daughter of St. Peter called Petronilla and the cult rapidly spread. Note that the form Balin used, by the lady's own documentation, is from the French romances, the Welsh original is probably Beli or Belinus, the Welsh sun god who appears as a companion of Arthur in some poems. Since the ferret, as Aten notes, can exist in several colorations, it cannot be proper. Since the beast on the emblazon is a distinctly red-brown, we would suggest that the beast be made gules.

Karla Reichelt Petasch. Name only

Documentation was not provided for "Reichelt" and "Petasch" and noone in the College was able to provide any support for these.

Raibeart am Ulfr an t-Ban-Righ. Name and device. Vert, on a bend sinister Or between a horned grey wolf's head erased to sinister proper and a cubit arm issuant from sinister base maintaining a claymore bendwise sinister argent, three pine trees palewise vert. (Canis lupus).

Leaving aside the question of the propriety of the epithet of "the Queen's wolf", which some considered presumptuous, the name is not properly formed. "Ulfr" is an Old Norse word for "wolf", although it is used here with a modern Gaelic article, which is not permissible. Moreover, the form of the article in "am" is used with masculine nouns only beginning with "b", "f", "m" or "p". The term Ban-Righ (literally, "female king") is feminine and so should have the article "na" for the feminine genitive, rather than the masculine article form (used in any case before a noun beginning with a vowel). Since he has forbidden any changes to his name, both name and device must be returned. In any case, this device totters on the edge of acceptability: it strains at the proper use of proper [sic], with the beast- monster as well as the trees being proper. With the added anomaly of the minuscule arm issuant from base supporting the sword which is not really bendwise sinister, this is not really period style. We would suggest that the submittor adopt a more normal wolf's head argent and use the sword alone, dropping the extraneous arm.

Kingdom of Caid

Ian MacDonald of Connacht. Device. Argent, a bend gules, overall a rowan tree eradicated and inverted proper.

The primary charge is the bend, not the tree. Therefore, a conflict exists with Thomas Wolfgang von Lauer ("Argent, a bend gules enfiled of an annulet sable."). Note that the inversion of the tree diminishes its recognizability and therefore its visual force. This being so, a visual resemblance exists to the devices of Sharon the Meek and Richard the Mild ("Argent, a bend gules surmounted by an axe bendwise sinister vert, both surmounted by a wolf's head cabossed sable, orbed gules." [Yes, they both have the same device, passed on the same day in 1971]). In both cases, the psychology of perception will be :argent field with a bend gules surmounted by something vert and dark with red spots. A conflict also exists with the mundane arms of Barnack, etc. ("Argent, a bend gules.").

Timotheus Zacharia von Zwilling Schloss. Name only.

Zwilling does not mean "double" in the sense the submittor used it; rather it specifically refers to a "twin". Moreover, the normal German structure would be to have "Schloss Zwilling" ("Castle Twin"). Since the submittor allowed no changes to the name, we could not emend it.

Kingdom of Calontir

Angus of Blackmoor. Device. Or, a bend sinister azure between a unicorn's head couped and two hearts sable.

Conflict with Sabrina de la Bere ("Or, a bend sinister azure between a half-bloomed garden rose gules, slipped and singly thorned proper, and a leopard couchant sable.").

Carrefour, Shire of. Device. Argent, a saltire between in fess two helms respectant sable and in base a laurel wreath vert.

Conflict with Sylvanus Andere ("Argent, a saltire between two oak trees eradicated in pale sable.").

Kingdom of the East

Amee de Jardyn. Device. Per chevron sable and azure, a chevron and in base an escallop inverted Or.

Conflict with the device of Chesley of Headless House ("Per chevron sable and azure, a chevron between three fleurs-de-lys Or.").

Angharad ferch Owen ap Geoffrey. Name only.

Conflict with Angharad ferch Owain, wife of Gruffudd ap Cynan and mother of Owain Gwynedd. The addition or removal of a single adjective or adjectival phrase, such as a patronymic, is not adequate to difference a name (NR7). Note that the addition of a single secondary patronymic in Celtic languages such as Welsh or Gaelic contributes little difference since in colloquial usage the name formation tends to be a given name plus a single patronymic even if a further patronymic appears in formal documents.

East Kingdom. Title for Oliphaunt Herald Extraordinary.

Unfortunately, the title conflicts with the Order of the Elephant. This Danish Order of Knighthood dates back into our period and even today is a highly prized honour in Scandinavia.

Leri of Biantrii. Name and device. Per fess sable and argent, a demi-woman proper crined vert, maintaining a staff in bend gules, conjoined to a tree stump eradicated proper.

By the submittor's own documentation, "Leri" is a diminutive form and we do not register diminutives unless there is evidence for the particular diminutive name's having been used in period. None of the commentors could find"Biantrii" as a town in County Cork or anywhere else. Further documentation is required. The device has some contrast problems: the upper portion of the staff and the hair of the maiden disappear into the upper portion of the field. While these are details of the charge, in this case, where the charge itself is so unusual that its identity is not immediately obvious, the lack of contrast seriously affects the identifiability of the charge.

Maria de la Flor. Device. Vert, ermined argent, a swan rising to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, proper.

Conflict with Kathlin of Morecomb Bottom ("Per chevron inverted wavy sable and erminois, a swan statant to sinister, wings addorsed, argent, gorged and chained Or."). The changes in position of the swan, even when taken in context with the addition of the collar and chain, are not significant enough to add up to an additional major point of difference in addition to that offered by the field.

Mustapha el'Hakki. Name only.

The name conflicts with a major character in the radio play "Moon over Morocco" broadcast by PBS. That character is a storyteller with magical powers who is never called anything else but Mustapha. It is also in conflict with the leading character of Mustapha and His Wise Dog, a fantasy novel written by Esther Friesner, the mundane identity of a lady who is an active resident of the East Kingdom.

Mykosianos Duxippus Draconis. Name and device. Per chevron gules and sable, a chevron between a dragon statant reguardant and a mullet Or.

The name Mykosianos is not a Latinization of a documented Greek given name, as stated in the documentation. In form it is a an adjective of origin, derived from an undocumented place name or personal name Mykosos, which would have been used in antiquity or in the medieval period as a descriptive epithet. Duxippus is reasonably plausible as a Latinization of a Greek name (although Doxippus would be more plausible), but we could not find the individual alluded to in the documentation in the dozen histories of Greece or Rome available to the Laurel office. Finally, Draconis is not a Latinized form of Draco. The proper Latin form of Draco as an epithet in Latin is Draco, the nominative form of the noun. The device conflicts with Meghan of Tara Hill ("Per chevron gules and sable, a chevron Or between two winged rams combattant and a sun argent.").

Rianna ferch Gerallt. Name and device. Azure, three lozenges and on a chief triangular argent, a unicorn couchant azure.

Rianna is dubious in its origins: the documentation for Rianna van Heiniken, alluded to in the letter of intent, was simply that it was a shortened form of Rhiannon. Since this was a diminutive, albeit one undocumented in period, there is a strong argument that it should not be permitted. A Welsh or Irish name similar in sound and meaning (e.g., Rhonwen) might be suggested to the submittor. By long- standing Society precedent, a name which appears so close to Rhiannon, whether it is derived from it or not, cannot really be used with a unicorn or horse as an element of the related armory. In any case the device conflicts with that of Ariana Zsigmondy ("Azure, three Celtic crosses and on a chief triangular argent, a wolf's head erased sable.").

Vratislav of Prague. Name only.

Prague was the seat of the Dukes and Kings of Bohemia, several of whom bore the given name of Vratislav. (The Hradcany Palace, now the Presidential Palace, was originally the residence of the Bohemian royal family.) Moreover, the title of Bishop of Prague was one of the titles assumed by members of the Bohemia royalty and at least one ruling duke (Henry Vratislav, d. 1197) is known to have borne the title Bishop of Prague before and after becoming duke.

William of Bellefonte. Blazon correction. Gules, a helmet between three hammers reversed and on a chief Or, three anvils gules.

On the emblazon submitted at the time the device was originally registered, two of the hammers and the helm are in fess with another in base. At the time, the submittor was quite adamant that he did not wish the helmet to be in the more usual position between the three hammers (it was a Pennsic submission). If the submittor has changed his mind, a new emblazon will have to be submitted.

Kingdom of Meridies

Ashlin of Foxbridge. Device. Argent, a pale sable surmounted by a winged fox sejant gules.

From the letter of intent, it appeared that the name was previously registered, but we could find no trace of any submission at Laurel level under this name. Further information from Beacon is required (and a submission fee, if the name has not previously been submitted). Also, on the letter of intent the device was inaccurately blazoned as "Argent, a fess sable surmounted by a winged fox statant gules." Normally, since no correction was issued to clarify the disparity between the blazon and emblazon for the commenting heralds, this would be placed in the "pending" file. However, in the interests of the submittor this is not being done since the commenting heralds have already determined that the device conflicts with the device of Lin the Baker ("Argent, on a pale sable a garb Or.") as well as the mundane arms of Blake ("Argent, a pale sable, overall a bend gules.").

Bronwyn Anchoret Selwyn. Device. Gules, an anchor argent entwined with a grape vine proper.

The grape vine has insufficient contrast with the field: the brown vine and green leaves are almost invisible, although the grapes themselves, carefully placed on the anchor, show up reasonably well. If you consider the vine a major design element, the device must be returned for breaching the Rule of Tincture. If you consider it a minor artistic detail, then it cannot contribute the full point of difference needed to carry it clear of John of the Rudder ("Gules, an anchor Or.") or the mundane arms of Zachert ("Gules, an anchor argent, the ring Or.").

Gwyneth of Lindesfarne. Device. Per bend argent and azure, two cross crosslets counterchanged.

Conflict with Eleanor Coldwell of Gloucester ("Per bend gules and azure, a cross crosslet Or and another argent."). Not only is there identity of outline, but there is less than the two points of difference required (only a major for the field and a minor for changing the tincture of one of a set of charges). Conflict also with Phelan of Glamorgan ("Per pale azure and argent, two crosses crosslet fitchy counterchanged."). There is a major point for the change in field division and a minor for the fitching of Phelan's crosses, but I have to agree with Crescent that the change in position of the charges should carry no extra difference since it is derived entirely from the change in line of division.

Johan Wolfgang Falkan. Badge. Sable, a stag's attire surmounted by a sword inverted argent.

Conflict with the device of Uta von Mainz ("Sable, a sword inverted between the two halves of a broken chain fesswise abased argent.").

Kyle of Kincora. Name only.

Kyle is not a period given name, but rather in period (and modern) Scotland is primarily a anglicized form of the Gaelic geographic term caol, which refers to a strait of water between two land masses (e.g., the Kyle of Lochalsh).

Maire Ui Casig. Name and device. Purpure, a pale ermine surmounted by a heraldic antelope rampant within a bordure potenty Or.

There seemed no problem with the device. However, the submittor indicated she would accept no changes to her name. Since no documentation was provided for the form "Ui Casig" other than that it meant O'Casey (which is in fact "O Cathasaigh" in Irish according to MacLysaght's Surnames of Ireland, p. 40), we are compelled to return the submission as a whole.

Nicholai Hinidin. Device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, upon a mullet of eight points counterchanged a flame gules.

Conflict with Rashid al-Rashidum ibn Yaakov b'hup b'Salaam ("Per bend sinister sable and argent, a mullet of seven points counterchanged.").

Sean MacDuncan. Device. Argent, a seahorse hauriant to sinister, on a chief sable three mullets argent.

Conflict with Hagar the Black ("Argent, a turtle passant, on a chief sable, three mullets of eight points argent."). There is a major and a minor point for the differences in the primary charges, but the change in the number of points on the mullets is a negligible difference (Determination of Difference, D6: "Applying minor point changes for charges to tertiary charges. . . . is a negligible difference.").

Wulfhere Vaghdrah. Name and device. Sable, a chalice between two wings conjoined argent, a chief rayonny ermine.

No documentation for the last name was provided, other than that it was traditional in the submittor's family. Since the paperwork indicated that no changes to the name were acceptable, we were compelled to return the submission in its entirety.

Kingdom of the Middle

Alasdair of Kerry. Device. Azure, a horse salient to sinister and in chief two estoiles argent.

Conflict with Boris of Woodland ("Azure, a horse rampant to sinister between in chief a label throughout argent and in base a scimitar fracted in chevron inverted Or.").

August Arenvald. Device. Paly bendy Or and sable, on a bend gules an eagle rising palewise, wings addorsed and inverted Or.

Conflict with Dubhadessa of Kilkenny ("Ermine, on a bend gules a hedgehog passant fesswise Or."): there is a major for the field, but only a minor point for the type of tertiary, since the change of posture is derived from the change in type of charge.

Dafydd of Falconmont. Device. Per fess gules and vert, in bend sinister a lightning bolt Or, overall a gyrfalcon close argent.

Conflict with Manfried von Falkenmond ("Quarterly gules and vert, perched atop a crescent Or, a falcon hooded and jessed argent.") There is a point for the difference between the lightning bolt and the crescent, but no more than a minor for the field partitions since both are of an identical colour/colour combination and the hooding and jessing contributes negligible difference. A comparison of the emblazons confirmed that the technical conflict is also a definite visual conflict.

Elwyn of Wyndehurst. Device. Or, three triangles in fess gules, the center one inverted and twice the height of the others, within a single tressure fleury vert. This is distinctly non-period style. The tressure is drawn in a non-standard manner and the central motif, the three triangles, depend for their arrangement on a differentiation in size that is not at all medieval: charges in period generally expanded to fill the available space. The use of triangles as a primary motif is an anomaly, although one permitted in the past. Taken together with the non-standard arrangement, the modern size differentiation of the primary charges and the unusual rendition of the tressure, it is just too much.

Emrys of Gwyntarian. Device. Quarterly sable and gules, three lions dormant in pale within a bordure Or.

Conflict with Felicity the Gentle ("Gules, a lion dormant between two nightingales close within a bordure Or."): There is a major point for the substitution of the nightingales for two of the lions, but only a minor point for the field difference. The closeness to this device to the arms of the English royal family, particularly several of the cadet branches which used a bordure for difference, made many in the College rather uncomfortable and any redesign should attempt to diminish the strong visual suggestion of England here.

Garlanda de Stanes. Device. Per bend argent and azure, a dolmen sable between two roses counterchanged.

Unfortunately, the contrast between the sable dolmens and the azure portion of the field was so poor that the primary charge was unidentifiable, even at a distance of a foot. We would suggest that the submittor modify the tincture of the primary charge or of the field colour to obtain a better contrast.

James the Tactless. Device. Gules, seme of tacks argent.

Conflict with the badge of Conrad von Regensburg ("Gules, seme of decrescents argent.") Complete difference of charge cannot apply to a seme so there is only one point of difference here. Reducing the number of charges or adding a charge on the field would overcome this problem.

Laurenz auf Waldum. Name and device. Per chevron azure and argent, two chalices argent and a cluster of grapes purpure, slipped and leaved proper.

Since the preposition means "on top of", it must be corrected to "auf" which means "from" or "von" which means "of". However, the submittor indicated on his forms that no changes whatsoever to the spelling of his name was acceptable so we are compelled to return the submission as a whole, although the device seemed acceptable.

Magdalena Ysabel von Wolfenberg. Device. Gules, on a mountain issuant from base argent a wolf's head affronty erased sable and on a chief argent a hawk's head erased sable, beaked Or.

Conflict with James Buehler ("Gules, a mountain couped and on a chief a lion passant gules."). The cumulative minor points do not carry this clear.

Pelinora de Orion. Badge for La Casa del Delfin Amable. Azure, a pall inverted between a natural dolphin uriant, a natural dolphin hauriant and a crescent, all argent.

We are compelled to agree with Brachet that the differences in position of the dolphins make them visually different charges so that there are three different charge types about the pall, an arrangement that has been ruled illicit even for a device.

Ranthulfr Asparlundr. Device. Tierced per fess gules, argent and sable, two griffins passant and an aspen leaf inverted, all counterchanged.

This is not period style. Even were there only two tinctures involved, the visual complexity (these appear to be two different types of charge divided per fess and overlying a fess) would make the effect confusing. This would be far better if the one of the charges were placed on the fess surrounded by three of the other charge. In redesigning note that the flag of Syria, which has been seen much in the news of late, is "Per fess gules and sable, on a fess argent two mullets vert." (Our thanks to Master Gawaine for that reminder.).

Rayah Blackstar Banu. Name and device. Argent, a compass star elongated to base and on a chief embattled sable three hawk's bells argent.

By the submittor's own documentation, rayah is a common noun referring to a non-Islamic subject of the Sultan of Turkey and no documentation has provided for its use as a given name. The translation given for Banu ("Lady") implies that it might be a title, which would not be permissible in a registered name; documentation must be provided that this is not the case. The device conflicts with Ceinwen y Griffwn ferch Cynan ("Argent, a dolphin hauriant vert, on a chief embattled sable, three hawk bells argent."). While there are two points for difference of type and tincture of the primary charge, the devices are otherwise identical and the visual similarity is so overwhelming that the inference of kinship would be inescapable.

Rees of Cambria. Name only.

Since Cambria is the Latin name for Wales, this name conflicts with several native princes of Wales by the name of Rhys (see Gruffudd, Welsh Personal Names, p. 83).

Rhys Morwaywffen. Badge for House Morwaywffen. Argent, on a pale wavy azure, in pale a tilting lance and a chalice argent.

Reluctant as we are to call offensiveness, given the sexual and occult symbolisms of the cup and the spear or sword in this arrangement, we must reluctantly agree that a significant segment of the populace would feel this was inappropriate for use in the Society.

Thomas Rhetor of St. John. Name and device. Per bend sinister embowed argent and sable, a bend sinister embowed between two gitterns bendwise sinister counterchanged.

Submission withdrawn at the request of the submittor.

Trinette Charron. Name and device. Argent, on a bend engrailed between two cotises engrailed on the outside purpure, a unicorn's horn argent, all within a bordure chequy sable and Or.

The given name is a diminutive of Catherine and appears to be relatively modern. Since the submittor indicated no changes could be made to spelling or grammar of her name, we have been compelled to return the submission as a whole. Note to commentors: the bordure is chequy since it consists of small panes formed by a grid of lines palewise and fesswise; a bordure compony-countercompony is formed with one set of lines following the edge of the shield and the others dividing the space more or less evenly with the starting points lines in saltire issuing from the upper corners of the shield.

Wilhelm the Frank of Walled Lake. Blazon correction. Gules, a Francisca bendwise, bladed Or, shaft broken, sable, on a chief argent, masoned sable, a pale barry wavy argent and azure.

The emblazon in the files clearly shows a shaft erased just as the current blazon indicates. A change of device is technically required with a new emblazon sheet and check for conflicts (there are not likely to be any, but, as the default position for an axe with its shaft erased and one with its shaft broken are different, the check must be made).

Kingdom of the West

Antadina Exeter du Nordlac. Change of device. Azure, three snowflakes in bend within a double tressure Or.

After comparing the emblazons and considering the matter at some length, we concluded that this device conflicts with the Badge for Fairhaven registered by Hrorek Halfdane of Faulconwood ("Azure, a fret within a double tressure Or."). There is a clear major point for the number of primary charges, but the visual similarities between the fret and the snowflake, particularly a snowflake drawn properly, rather than as an escarbuncle of spears as the snowflakes were depicted on the emblazon sheet, were so strong that we felt there was infringement. Perhaps Chevron would be willing to grant permission to conflict?.

Catherine Elspeth d'Aix La Chapelle. Device. Argent, a Latin cross couped azure surmounted by three pallets sable, all within a bordure gules.

There was a general consensus that the three pallets made the underlying primary charge unrecognizable, the more so since the sable of the center pallet faded into the azure of the cross, thus blurring the outline. Using two pallets placed in a position that would allow identification of the primary charge or possibly substituting bendlets or scarpes would resolve the problem.

Demian O'Boirne. Badge. Azure, in pale a plate and a seal displayed erect, tail sufflexed, argent.

The consensus was "It's cute, but it ain't heraldry!" The seal has intentionally been placed in a posture where it is indistinguishable from a mullet (that this was intentional is clear from the original badge submission which blazons the posture as "erect, displayed, head to chief, tail sufflexed behind the body to sinister so as to form the shape of a mullet."). That this is the effect has been field-tested by Laurel staff on several non-heralds who knew nothing of the device. The fact that the non-standard position of the beasties can be blazoned in traditional heraldic language is irrelevant: a good herald can blazon almost anything, indeed in the East this used to be parlor game played by the heraldically minded during long trips or boring meetings, but it is not necessarily heraldic and/or identifiable in and of itself. A charge must be identifiable without the blazon and this is not. Vesper's appeal raised the interesting question of potentially differing standards of identifiability for charges on badges because of their theoretically short-range usage in the Society. Leaving aside fact that we are trying to encourage period usage of insignia, not the bookplate approach to heraldry, the fact remains that in the Society badges are - or should be - used to identify the individual, not the other way around. (As we said, it is cute and we really wish we could have given it the seal of approval [Ed. Note: we know, we have been very good for five months. . .]).

Garwulf Nightsbane. Device. Sable, a chevron between two hammers set chevronwise and a mullet of four points elongated to base Or.

The device still conflicts with the arms, cited from Fabulous Heraldry of Robert Mansel ("Sable, a chevron between three mullets Or.") cited in the original return. Additionally, it also conflicts with the Society device of Oliver de Leon de Oro ("Sable, a chevronel between a demi-sun and a lion rampant Or."): there is no difference between an ordinary and its diminutive and, under the current rules, no more than a major and minor point can be derived from successive changes (here number and type) to a group of secondaries.

Isabeau de Calais. Name only.

This name caused major twitches. Richard II was married to his second wife, the child bride Isabella (or Isabeau, depending on the French dialect you spoke) in Calais and she is closely associated with that city in many period accounts of her life (short as it was).

Katrina de Montfort. Name and device. Barry of six gules and argent, in pale on each trait a goutte, all counterchanged.

The name is a direct conflict with that of Katerina de Montfort, registered in June, 1986. While a strict interpretation of the definitions for charges would imply that the gouttes here should be counted as charges, the small size of each charge diminishes the visual impact of each one. There is no doubt that visually they have only the weight of tertiary charges and, when emblazons of the two are compared, this clearly conflicts with the arms of Berlingham cited in the letter of intent ("Barry of six gules and argent.").

Peregrine Darkhawk. Badge. A finger ring gules, gemmed azure, conjoined to a pair of wings displayed sable.

Conflict with the device of Thorvald inn Grimi cited in the letter of intent ("Argent, a hawk volant within an annulet gules."). The point count is marginal, but the visual dominance of the annulet gules becomes clear when the emblazons are compared. Conflict as well with the tinctureless badge of Terellys of Darkmoor for Kushyons Flyte House ("A winged cushion lozengewise displayed."): no points may be derived from tincture and the partial difference between the compound primary charges derived from changing the ring for the cushion cannot be a full major point.

Serena of Canton. Device. Argent, a Chinese dragon in annulo, head to sinister, sable, a chief double-arched gules.

Conflict with the device of Retepert the Barbarian ("Argent, a cross quarter-pierced environed of a dragon inverted in annulo sable."). The dragon in annulo sable on the argent the field is the dominant charge in both cases and is such an usual charge that it creates a visual similarity that overrides the significant differences between the cross and the chief. (The blazon for Retepert's device is the clearest possible, although it obscures the fact that the dragon, not the cross, is the primary charge.).

Targan de Montfort of Crystal Caverns. Device. Per chevron Or and purpure, two pairs of arrows in saltire sable and a mullet of eight points elongated to base Or, all within a bordure purpure.

The use of a bordure of the same tincture as half the field is extremely poor practice: in effect the bordure only surrounds a portion of the field.

Wulfsige Clovenhaft. Device. Argent, a felling axe bendwise sinister, blade to chief, debruised by a bend within a bordure, all sable.

Unfortunately, the precedent in this case appears to be the badge of Albert von Drechenveldt which was returned in December, 1985, for appearing to be a "no outhouses" symbol. Since the tincture of the ordinaries in that case was Or, evidently the use of gules is not a consideration. Note also that in the Discouraged Practices section (X3) merely specifies "the bend-plus-bordure 'no X' motif". That this is a design that well could have existed in period (and show cadency from a family which bore "Argent, an axe bendwise sinister sable.") is rendered irrelevant by the problems raised by the essentially twentieth-century perceptions of the majority of the membership. My feeling, however, is that rendering the bend and bordure in different tinctures would remove the visual suggestion of the "no axes" sign and thus resolve the problem.


Decisions on all submissions will be made at the May meeting, when the members of the College have had adequate time to reconsider them.

Kingdom of Ansteorra

Claryce Orfevre. Device. Per chevron inverted azure and purpure, a chevron inverted Or between a unicorn's head argent, horned and maned, and a phoenix Or.

The blazon on the letter of intent had the chevron as argent. In fact, the forms show it to be Or, a light Or admittedly, but the same tincture as the pheonix.

Kingdom of An Tir

An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for College of Pages. Quarterly Or and argent, a closed book gules from its pages issuant to base a lion's tail forked and nowed azure.

On the letter of intent the entire charge was blazoned as gules. The book is gules, but the tail is azure. This will be reconsidered at the May meeting, after the College has had time to recheck this submission for conflicts.

Kingdom of Atenveldt

Rachel Ashton. Device. Or, three irises purpure, cupped vert.

This was pended at the December meeting because the blazon indicated these were supposed to be lilies whilst the emblazon did not resemble either the heraldic or natural lily, but rather were closer to an iris reticulata. Aten invorms me that the lady does in fact desire to have irises.

Kingdom of Meridies

Annora Maria Teresa Rossini. Device. Argent, a chevron dovetailed azure between two swallows volant in chevron respectant purpure and a lily of the valley purpure, slipped and leaved vert.

This was pended at the November meeting because of uncertainty as to the tincture(s) of the lily of the valley. We are now informed that it is neither proper, as on the emblazon sheet, nor purpure in its entirety as on the letter of intent, but rather is both purpure and vert.

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