31 OCTOBER XXII (1987)



Aldonza Pandora. Device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a bend sinister counterchanged argent and gules between a horse passant to sinister argent and a cat passant sable.

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Badge for Office of Minister of Children. Or, a mullet of five greater and five lesser points sable overall a point issuant from base gules.

Note that the original blazon, which had the charge in base a "point pointed" was in in error since this is the standard Society blazon for the Continental "pointe entée" which has curved sides. However, as is clearly indicated by the discussion in Woodward (under the heading of "piles"), Continental heraldry allows such a charge with straight sides and there is not compelling reason why the Society should not as well.

Aodhan Ite an Fhithich. Change of name from Alec Ravensquill.

The name was submitted as Aodhan Iteanfitheach. The submittor formed his byname by using a translated phrase for "the raven's feathers" from an elementary Gaelic book and coalescing the slightly modified elements into one word. Unfortunately, Gaelic does not usually coalesce the disparate elements of a byname in this manner. Also, the phrase is not the precise translation of his current byname that he appears to wish: that would be "Ite an Fhithich" (i.e., "feather of the raven"). In the submitted form he has inappropriately utilized the plural form of the primary noun ("itean" or "feathers") and added a nominative of the word for "raven", rather than the genitive form "fithich" which aspirates following the article. As his paperwork permitted modification of the name to meet problems in spelling or grammar, we have appropriately modified the name.

Brandan le Blanc. Name only.

The name was submitted as Brandon Le Blanc. The submittor had apparently originally asked for the name Brandan, stating that it was German. This was changed at some point in the submission's upward progress in Ansteorra to the form of his middle name, under the erroneous assumption that the "mundane name exception" applied to any portion of the mundane name used as any form of the Society name. Happily, the Laurel staff has been able to document the form "Brandanus" or the vernacular form "Brandane" from the thirteenth and fourteenth century (Mulch, Arnsburger Personnamen: Untersuchungen zum Namenmaterial aus Arnsburger Urkunden vom 13. - 16. Jahrhundert, pp. 32 and 46).

Brigetta Olavsdatter of Kiel. Device. Argent, a tyger rampant pean within an orle azure charged with a tressure Or.

The submission was made with the beast "sable, powdered with ermine spots Or and argent", which the College felt was a stylistic anomaly. The submittor, possibly anticipating this reaction, specifically allowed that all the ermine spots could be changed to Or, making the lion pean. In this case, where the difference between the original submission and the modification is heraldically negligible and the College will have checked for conflict against lions pean, it seemed unfair to the submittor to either pend her submission or require her to resubmit for further conflict checking. (Note that the Laurel staff did an extra conflict check on this submission, just in case!).

Bryan MacGregor. Name only.

Cadwallader the Crazed. Name only.

Chiara Francesca Arianna d'Onofrio. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Custance nic Raibert Macconnachie. Name and device. Purpure, on a pale Or three frets conjoined gules, all within a bordure Or.

Custance is an English form of Constance which appears in Chaucer and in period English documents.

Dominic Sentre. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Elric Mounteney. Device. Sable, seven spears palewise in chevron inverted Or.

With all due respect to Crescent and my predecessors I have always felt that Society heralds, like their period predecessors, were adequately numerate to count above six. While it is certainly legitimate to depict a field semy with no more than seven charges, it is clear that period heraldry acknowledged up to nine or ten charges set in a standard arrangement without considering them a semy (indeed, the fact of the standard arrangement, e.g., four, three, two and one, may be the criterion for selecting a blazon of ten X rather than semy of X). In this case, it would seem unjust indeed to return a simple and readily identifiable design in clearly period style on a theoretical technicality.

Emilio de Malaga. Name only.

Galen Edwin Kirchenbauer. Name and device. Per chevron azure and Or, two crescents inverted Or and a mullet of four points, elongated to base, gules.

The submission was made under the name Galen Edwin von Kirchenbauer. As the last name "Kirchenbauer" is an occupational surname and, even in the examples cited in the submittor's documentation, is not a place name, the "von" has been dropped.

Hans Dürrmast von der Wanderlust. Name only (see PENDING for device).

The name was submitted as Hans Durmast von der Wanderlust. However, the documentation on his forms indicated he wished the proper German form for dry mast, so the spelling of the name has been appropriately modified since the original spelling was nonsensical in German ("Dur" is a noun for a major in the musical sense).

Isleif Brimstone. Device. Gules, on a chevron cotised argent between three Bengal tigers passant proper, three roses sable, seeded Or.

Note that on the letter of intent, the registered form of his name was used: Isleif. However, on his forms he indicated that the registered form of his name was Islief. Please explain the correct form to him.

Jeremy James Scurlock. Name and device. Per fess Or and sable, in pale a rose and footed balance counterchanged.

Joshua Christian von Brüx. Name only.

Mariah Angelique. Name and device. Per pale Or and azure, on a pile throughout inverted between two ermine spots counterchanged, a unicorn's head erased argent, crined sable.

Meara al-Isfahani. Name and device. Or, a simurgh (Persian peacock) displayed gules within a bordure engrailed sable.

As Lambent has pointed out, Yonge (p. 259) indicates that Meara is a standard form for the Irish masculine name Meaghar. Crescent is perfectly correct that the senmurv on the arms of Bahram the Resplendent is the older form, which is "Persian" in the truer sense dating back to the period before Christ. As the form of the bird is in fact a sort of peacock when it is in its close form, the descriptive has been added to avoid scribal confusion.

Mellilah of Shadow Mist Keep. Name and device. Azure, a butterfly between two bendlets between two mullets Or.

The secondary limit does not apply here since the bendlets and the mullets constitute two two different groups of charges visually. Hence the submission is definitely clear of Helene of Florrisshen ("Azure, a papillon Or, charged on each wing with three ermine spots fesswise in pale, points to the body azure.").

Michel le Gauche. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Brian of Glamorgan. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a chalice azure between in bend sinister two talbot's heads erased sable, all between two scarpes vert.

The submission was made under the name Pendaran Glamorgan.

Robert of Douglas. Change of name from Robert de Douglas and change of device. Argent, a heart sable between three thistles, slipped and leaved, gules.

Note that the preposition is appropriate since "Douglas" is a place name. All the arms of Douglas we could readily access had the heart proper (i.e., gules).

Rory O'Rourke. Name and device. Argent, a bend sinister azure between two four-leaved shamrocks vert.

Rowena of Blacklake. Name only.

Siobhan o'Leathlobhair. Device. Per saltire purpure and argent, in pale two hearts argent and in fess two narwhales embowed, hauriant and respectant, vert.

Stefan Greyhawke. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Steppes, Barony of the. Badge. A boar rampant erminois gorged of an oak wreath and maintaining in his mouth an oak sprig fructed proper.

The beast was blazoned as a "grice" on the submission in a very complex allusive cant. The obscurity created for heraldic artists and researchers does not seem to be justified in view of the extreme reach of the cant.


Alisane o'r Mynyddoed Taranllyd. Device. Sable, a saltire raguly argent, overall a unicorn's horn palewise Or, all within a bordure argent.

The submission was made with the spelling of Alisane o Mynyddoed Taranllyd, both on her forms and on the letter of intent. However, the registered form of her name (accepted in November, 1986) is as used above.

Arabella Cleophea Winterhalter. Change of name from Isabella Eugenia Cortez and badge for House Winterhalter. Pean, a unicorn's head erased to sinister argent within a double tressure gules.

While the emblazon on the letter of intent showed an orle within a bordure, the submittor's actual emblazon sheet matches the blazon given.

Brendan mac Artuir ap Alan. Badge. A sugarloaf helm affronty and an anvil in pale sable.

This was pended on the July letter to allow further conflict checking.

Corwin de Harfleur. Change of name from Corwin MacMaccus and change of device. Per chevron argent and azure, two trefoils slipped vert and a boar passant Or.

The name was submitted as Corwin du Harfleur. The name has been modified, as the submittor's paperwork allowed, to use the simple prepositional form before the place name. Note that the retention of the aspiration at the beginning of names like "Harfleur" in mediaeval French is well-documented and in such cases the vowel of the preposition is not elided.

Godwin of Rye. Name only.

While Rye was included in the territory of the great Earl Godwin, we could find no particular association of Godwin with Rye which was a relatively small town in his day.

Kalea of House Lavender Rose. Name and device. Ermine, a rose bendwise sinister purpure, barbed, seeded and slipped vert, its stem entwined by a serpent sable, all within a bordure purpure.

Sean of Burning Sands. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per bend sinister pean and erminois, a bend sinister argent, overall a griffin's head erased gules.

The submission was made under the name Sean Gryfon.

Siobhan Eibhlin ni Mhathghambna. Badge. Azure, a bear's head erased within a bordure Or.

Takemoto Mariko. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Valeria Bridget Rodin. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


Akagawa Yoshio and Elspeth ni Conchobhair o Ciarraighe. Badge. A bee Or within a hexagon voided argent.

Alethea O'Malley. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and vert, three mullets of four points argent and a seahorse erect Or.

Alisoun al-Bunni. Name and device. Gules, a stag rampant maintaining a crux ansata argent within a bordure embattled Or.

Caid, Kingdom of. Badge for Office of the Constabulary. Azure, a flanged mace within a bordure embattled argent.

Caid, Kingdom of. Badge for l'Honneur de la Chanson. Azure, a goblet argent, charged on the bowl with a crescent azure, within a bordure embattled argent.

We have received several queries which boiled down to "why a cup for a bardic order?". As we understand it, Their Majesties of Caid were inspired by the non-armigerous Companions of the Troubadour in the East. As established nearly a decade ago by King Vissevald, the companions bear no insignia but are traditionally presented with a goblet in memory of the ancient bard's cup when the award is made. (Note that this tradition, like many others, is often honoured more in the breach than the observance!).

Caid, Kingdom of. Corde de Guerre of Caid. Name only.

Caterine Sybille de Montmorillon. Name only.

Dirk Addisson. Name and device. Gyronny ermine and gules, a battle-axe and a seax in saltire sable within a bordure counterchanged.

Ivan Blackrune. Name and device. Per pale vert and azure, a sword inverted throughout Or surmounted by a bear's head caboshed argent.

Lora MacMorna. Name and device. Vert, on a pale endorsed Or, a redwood tree proper.

Miranda de Mont Saint Michel. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

The name was submitted as Miranda de Mont St. Michel. As noted before, we register the full form of the name, not the scribal ligatures or abbreviations.

Naevehjem, Shire of. Spelling correction.

The name was spelled with an "i" instead of a "j" on the August, 1987, letter. Unfortunately, the tail of the "j" became swallowed in the underlining of the name on Crescent's letter of intent and our "pattern of expectation" led us to interpret it as a vowel.

Renée of Dragonskeep. Device. Purpure, a pegasus salient argent between three butterflies Or.

Sarlin the Grey. Name and device. Sable, a Latin cross bottonny argent, rayonnant Or, between two flaunches Or, goutty de sang.

Thorvald Wulfaersson. Device. Gules, a raven displayed, head to sinister, within a serpent in annulo reguardant, head to base, Or, the head and tail bound together with a cord argent.

Please request him to draw the serpent so as to fill the field and allow the bird to be drawn in a more identifiable manner. As it is, the serpent appears visually to be the primary charge with the bird only "framed" within it. Given this fact, there is some doubt whether the "point and a half" rule should apply, but even so there is sufficient difference from Sigurd Svenson the Far Travelled ("Gules, on a bezant within a serpent involved Or, an arrowhead azure."): there is a major point for the change from bezant to bird, a strong minor for the removal of the tertiary charge and another minor for the difference between the posture of the serpent here and the serpent on Sigurd's device which has the head to chief biting its own tail.

Ynesyn Ongge Xong Kerii-e. Name only.

This name was held on the July letter pending further documentation on the form and meaning of the name. In view of the documentation provided by Aten for the meaning of the various name elements, it seems only reasonable to accept it, although without setting any precedent on the proper formation of Mongolian names.


Calontir, Kingdom of. Badge (see RETURNS for name of Order of the Golden Swan). Purpure, a swan naiant Or.

Chidiock the Younger. Name and device. Sable, a quill pen and an arrow, crossed at their points Or, in chief a candle argent, enflamed Or.

Gold Falcon is correct in calling this clear of Don the Archer ("Sable, two arrows in saltire and in chief a tulip tree slip fesswise Or."): there is a major and minor for the change in type (candle versus foliage), position (palewise versus fesswise) and partial change of tincture. Added to this is a strong minor for the change of one of the arrows to a quill.

Gwendolen Anne O'Cearbhaill. Name and device. Per fess azure and sable, a stag's head caboshed argent and a Nubian goat's head caboshed Or.

Hrolf Ulfsson. Device. Per saltire vert and sable, two wolves combattant, supporting a cup, in base a fleam Or.

Isobella de Cordoba. Name and device. Vert, three mice couchant within a bordure Or.

Johann of Bois d'Arc. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, a pale chequy gules and Or.

The name was submitted as Johann Bois d'Arc. We have restored the preposition which got crossed off on his paperwork at some point in the submission process to increase the difference from the name of Jehanne d'Arc, a resemblance that troubled several commentors. Note that his home group is Bois d'Arc and his mundane name is John so that the standard holding name would be even closer to the name of Joan of Arc.

Lost Moor, Canton of. Name and device. Azure, three scarpes wavy argent between two towers, each within a laurel wreath, Or.

Maddelena Jessamyn di Piemonte. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Note that since Jessamyn is not being used as a given name here, the fact that it is a "flower name" is somewhat irrelevant. Another possible derivation may from the given name Ismene (see Withycombe, p. 165).

Maksymiliana Agata Michalska. Device. Erminois, three bendlets enhanced within a bordure sable.

Margaret of Three Rivers. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Or, a pall inverted purpure between two fleurs-de-lys and a garden rose slipped and leaved sable.

The submission was made under the name of Margaret de Falkland.

Maurice de Granada. Name and device. Or, a dhow, sail set and sinister facing, vert within a bordure vert, bezanty Or.

Merwinna o Bealach Breac. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Morgana de Leon. Name and device. Bendy gules and Or, a horses's head couped within an orle sable.

Oriana of Rosehaven. Name and device. Azure, a rose and on a bordure embattled Or, three roses azure.

Several period instances of the name Oriana are cited in Withycombe (p. 234).


Aonghus Davidson. Spelling correction.

At the time the name was registered in August, 1987, the given name was incorrectly spelled Aonghas.

East, Kingdom of. Badge for East Kingdom Brewer's Guild. A goutte between three barley stalks in triangle Or.

This was originally submitted under the name of Thorstein fra Agnefit with the designation above. It was registered to Thorstein on the August, 1987, with the designation pended for clarification by Brigantia. Brigantia informs me that the guild has been chartered by the Crown and that the badge should in fact be registered to the East, not to Thorstein and replaces the old badge for the East Kingdom Brewers, Vintners and Meadmakers.

East, Kingdom of. Release of badge for Brewers, Vintners and Meadmakers. Per pale azure and argent, to dexter a beehive between three honeybees volant proper, and to sinister a bunch of grapes azure, slipped and leaved Or, on a chief argent, a tyger passant azure.

Gwyddon Alexander MacGregor of Settmour. Blazon correction. Azure, two comets palewise, heads to chief, argent between their heads a decrescent Or.

The tinctures of the charges was omitted from the August, 1987, letter. While the emblazon sheet showed all charges as Or, a note indicated that the decrescent should be argent, as the device was blazoned on the letter of intent. If this was not the submittor's intent (Brigantia's correction to the blazon included only the tincture Or), a change of device must be submitted so that the College can check for potential conflicts.

Ina Rowena of the Mist. Blazon correction. Per bend sinister azure and argent, five acorns in annulo Or and a natural leopard couchant sable.

The tincture of the acorns was omitted from the blazon when this was registered in August, 1987.

Markus Morgenstern Winterwald. Blazon correction. Azure, a pine tree atop a mount argent, all within a bordure chequy azure and argent.

When this was registered in August, 1987, the tree was blazoned as standing upon the mount. Crescent has correctly noted that this might be confusing to a heraldic artist who might try to render it as a tertiary charge. Hence the reblazon.

Muirdeach of Carrigart. Blazon correction. Azure, a Celtic cross between in bend sinister two pheasants, each facing to sinister bearing in its beak an olive branch, all Or.

The orientation of the birds was omitted when this was registered in August, 1987.

Richard of Shire An Dubhaigeainn. Blazon correction. Per bend azure and vairy sable and argent, in dexter chief six mullets Or.

At the time this was registered in August, 1987, the word processor burped and repeated the "azure and vairy" producing a blazon that was confusing (to say the least!).


Middle, Kingdom of. Blazon correction for badge for Middle Kingdom Archery Marshallate. Argent, on a pale gules, three pheons inverted Or.

When this was registered in August, 1987, the orientation of the pheons was unfortunately omitted from the blazon.

Vasili iz Naitemneshoi Dollina. Device. Argent, semé of seraphs gules.

When this was originally considered at the July meeting, commentary by Crescent and others properly noted that this was technically in conflict with anything with an argent field semy of charges gules. The question was then raised whether it was desirable to extend the principle of complete difference of charge being sufficient difference to devices with more than four identical charges. The consensus of feeling in the College clearly was that such a change was desirable (for a complete summary of the discussion and the precedent involved see the cover letter).

The basic issue having been decided, the question remained whether this particular device was clear of conflict, specifically of conflict with the mundane arms of Mountjoy ("Argent, the field replenished with fleurs-de-lys gules.").

After considerable consideration, comparison of several renditions of both items and examination of mundane and Society precedents, we have come to the conclusion that the fleurs-de-lys and seraphs are sufficiently different that complete difference of charge should apply.

Laurel freely admits that she is somewhat prejudiced on this issue, not because Vasili is a valued member of the Laurel staff (in fact, his submission has probably received rather more elongated scrutiny than it deserved precisely because of this circumstance ["Justice must not only be done, but must be seen to be done. . ."]), but because of her own armorial experience. The similarity of outline between the cat's faces of her own badge for Taigh Moran Chat and the fleurs-de-lys of France is considerably stronger than that which exists between the fleurs-de-lys and the seraphim. However, despite the fact that the faces are depicted in outline only on the household field banner, in six years of use at large and small events in several kingdoms, never has the banner been confused with that of France, nor has anyone ever failed to recognize the cat's faces immediately for beast's faces, not fleurs-de-lys. This seems to indicate that modern sensibilities, as much as period perceptions, would consider the fleur-de-lys completely different from any variant of a human or beast head.


Aldrich Atwater. Badge for House Autumn Oak. Azure, an oak tree eradicated and in base three trefoils Or.

Arwynn Atwater. Name only.

The name appeared on the letter of intent as Arven Atwater, with Arwyn listed as an acceptable variant. However, the forms forwarded to the Laurel Office showed the desired name as given above, with Arven shown as a name previously returned (reason: "Arven is not a period name.").

Branwen bean Aaron. Name and device. Sable, a dragon dormant to sinister Or between an increscent and a decrescent in bend sinister argent, in chief a ducal coronet Or.

The name was submitted as Branwen bean Erin. Erin is not a personal name (that is why her lord was not permitted to register it as his given name). We have therefore replaced it with the registered form of her lord's given name.

Delilia Castillo. Name and device. Purpure, a decrescent and on a chief triangular Or, a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper.

Dimitri Mikhailovich Kirusov. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Gilmoure Gylbard. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, fretty argent, a bend sinister between a compass star sable, charged with an annulet argent, and a cat couchant guardant sable.

The given name seems to be a valid Anglicised form of the early Irish name "Gilla Muire" (meaning "servant of Mary"). The spelling Gilmor is cited as early as the mid-twelfth century (Reaney, p. 146). For the usage in early Ireland see O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 133 (under Màire).

Ljudmilla von Königsberg. Device. Per bend argent and purpure, a saltire flory conjoined with four crescents, horns inward, and a dove volant, all counterchanged.

Note that on the coloured emblazon sheet the saltire and crescent combination is very close to the depiction sketched by Crescent. While we are not particularly happy about the charge in chief, by traditional Society standards it is by no means bizarre.

Romana Luisa Ayesha de la Vega. Name only (see PENDING for device).

The name was submitted as Romana Luisa Ayesha de la Vega y Navarre with a few errors in the languages attributed to the names on the letter of intent. "Romana" is a feminine form of the Latin name Romanus, the name of a sixth century saint. "Luisa" is the Spanish form of Louise and "de la Vega" is a Spanish surname in period. "Ayesha" on the other hand is Arabic, the name of the wife of Mohammed (not the name of his daughter as stated on the letter of intent). This is three languages, the limit under our current rules for a personal name (and the names are oddly mingled as well). Unfortunately, "Navarre" is not a Spanish form, as required after the Spanish conjunction "y": it is French or English, adding a fourth language. (It also created distinct twinges in some of the Laurel staff in view of its status as a separate kingdom for most of the mediaeval period.) To avoid the problem we have dropped the last part of the surname.

Rose O'Shaughnessy. Name and device. Per bend wavy azure and Or, a mermaid proper, tailed and playing a transverse flute argent,and a rose gules, slipped and leaved vert.

Wilhelm aus Stodd. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

William of Glymmerholde. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Ermine, in pale a dragon rampant sable, bellied and winged gules, and two lances in saltire sable.

The submission was made under the name William of Varrenne.


Aehlswyth of Coventry. Badge. Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a swan volant to sinister, wings addorsed, argent.

Aelfwynn de Montfort of Tweoneam. Name only.

While the insertion of a Norman surname into a perfectly good pre-Conquest name may be peculiar, it is legal.

Anastacia of Starfall. Change of name from Anastasia of Starfall and change of device. Per bend azure and purpure, on a bend between two owls statant to sinister argent, a comet, head to base, sable.

Angharad of the Coppery Shields. Device. Vert, three closed books palewise, spines to sinister, Or.

There is no conflict with Harvard University, whose official arms have three argent books on a gules field. Although the default posture for closed books in older examples appears to palewise, since so many modern coats (e.g., Cambridge) have closed books fesswise, Crescent is correct in stating that it should be specified that they are palewise. Indeed, it is also necessary to specify the orientation of the books since most early examples show the spines to sinister.

Aryana Silknfyre. Badge. Gules, chapé ployé argent, a butterfly Or.

Aveloc the Younger. Name and device. Or, a dexter gauntlet palewise appaumy, entwined by and grasping the stem of a garden rose sable, slipped and leaved gules, all between a pair of flaunches sable, each charged with a cross crosslet fitchy argent.

Benedetto da Settignano. Device. Per pale argent and gules, a triple-towered castle counterchanged and a chief embattled sable.

Breock of Whitby. Change of name from holding name of Stephen of Whitby.

Cairistiona Bhan. Change of device. Vert, a natural sea otter, couchant on its back, tail erect and head erect and guardant, argent within a bordure argent, semy of lozenges purpure.

Cillene MacRorie. Name and device. Sable, a dexter hand fesswise couped Or grasping a fish palewise argent.

Cillene is not a "spelling variant" of Killeen, as the letter of intent stated. Instead, it is the usual Irish form of the name, sometimes Anglicised as Killeen.

Chad Bitor. Blazon correction. Or, on a mullet of six points gules a hexagon fesswise throughout Or, all within a bordure purpure.

This device was registered in August, 1987.

Connor O'Donnghaile. Change of name from Michael O'Donnghaile.

Were Connor in fact derived from the Irish masculine name Conn, the conflict with Conn O'Donnell cited by Crux Australis would be a difficulty. However, it is actually the usual modern Anglicised form of a quite different name from ancient Ireland: Conchobar.

Cordelia Judith Hawkridge. Name only.

Cynthia Morgan. Name only.

Demetrius of Wyvern Hollow. Name and device. Or, a wyvern erect, wings displayed, vert, on a chief gules three broad arrows Or.

This is strikingly close to Southland ("Or, a dragon segreant vert, on a chief gules three spear heads argent."). However, the difference in tincture and orientation of the tertiaries (spear points would have the point to chief) and the cumulative differences to the monster carry it clear.

Elizabeth MacFarlane. Device (see RETURNS for change of name). Argent, three piles inverted in point gules, on a chief sable three fleams reversed argent.

The submission was made under the name Ealasaid nic Pharlan.

Elaina Genevieve d'Andance. Device. Or, a dexter gore and in sinister chief a mask of comedy and a mask of tragedy in bend sinister, all azure.

Eoin Toirr an Dhragoin. Name and device. Or, a dragon couchant to sinister, wings elevated, head elevated and guardant, gules and a chief urdy azure.

Etienne Xavier Bondurant de Blaquemoor. Badge. Per pale purpure and argent, a caltrap inverted counterchanged.

Garret Preston. Name only.

The name was submitted as Garrot Preston. As "garrot" is documented as a common noun and can only be speculatively be considered an orthographic variant of a period diminutive, we have substituted the documented form Garret, as the submittor's paperwork allowed.

Georg of Glacier's Edge. Name only.

Gregorio Antonio Cobianchi di Piacenza. Name only.

Hugh of Oak. Name only.

As Green Anchor has pointed out, Oake was a period town in Somerset.

Isadora of Earngyld. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per bend sinister azure and vert, a pile inverted bendwise sinister wavy between a crescent argent and a serpent erect, tail nowed, argent, marked sable.

The submission was made under the name Isadora d'Athinai.

Joel Songspinner. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale azure and argent, chapé ployé, a lute affronty and in chief two thistles, all counterchanged.

The submission was made under the name Temerity Songspinner. Note that this device is rather poor style and is quite confusing visually.

John Theophilous. Device. Azure, a cross throughout and on a chief argent, three hearts gules.

This submission was previously returned for conflict with Eric Lyon of St. Michael's ("Azure, a Celtic cross formy and on a chief argent, a lion statant azure."). Eric has now given permission to conflict.

Katarzina Porajski. Name and device. Per fess argent and vair in pale, in chief three barbless roses, two and one, gules.

Khulan Torley. Name only.

The name was submitted as Khulan Terlea with a request for some Hungarian or Mongol alternate which would produce more or less the same sound. Thanks to Aten's Hungarian expert, we have been able to find the toponymic family name "Torley".

Kiriel du Papillon. Name and device. Gules, semy of hawk's bells Or, a butterfly displayed argent between two scarpes Or.

Please request her to draw the hawk's bell's much fewer in number and much larger in size than they appeared on the emblazon sheet.

Louis de la Terre. Device. Azure, in pale two arrows chevronwise and fracted, points to sinister, Or, barbed and fletched argent.

Lyell Leslie Payn. Name and device. Per fess sable and lozengy gules and Or, in chief a sea-lion naiant, haloed Or.

The name was submitted as Lyell Leslie de Payn with the note that the French preposition seemed "to be an 'upscale' addition to the name". As it happens Payn is a patronymic from the given name Pagan and, in more than a dozen period citations from Reaney, never seems to be used with the prepositional form. Therefore, we have dropped the preposition.

Mariana Silversea. Name and device. Per fess wavy azure and barry wavy argent and azure, in chief a rue flower Or, seeded vert, all within a bordure wavy argent.

Mariana Silversea. Badge. Azure, a rue flower Or, seeded vert, within a bordure wavy argent.

Miranda Graye. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Phelan Swordbreaker. Name and device. Argent, in fess a gore sable, charged with a compass star Or, and a griffin segreant to sinister sable.

Robert MacClintock. Device. Sable, crusilly Maltese, a chief dovetailed Or.

Suzannah van Houten. Name only.

Wolfgang Krause. Name and device. Chequy azure and argent, three swords palewise inverted in fess Or.

The name was submitted as Wolfgang von Krause. The preposition would not have been used with the adjective form "Kraus" or without an article with the noun "Krause". Since his mundane last name is "Krause", we have simply dropped the preposition.

Ysabelle le Notere. Device. Azure, a bear statant erect affronty, paws upraised, on a chief argent, three Stars of David azure.



Catherine de Leon. Name and device. Sable, a demi-lion Or maintaining a garden rose, slipped and leaved, argent.

Unfortunately, there are several Queens and Princesses in the genealogy of Castile after the union with Leon, the most notable of whom was that Catherine cited in the letter of intent who married Henry VIII of England and is generally referred to in English as Catherine of Aragon. From the time of the union in the early thirteenth century the arms of both kingdoms appear on the royal arms of Castile and both were included in the titles assumed by the members of the royal family so that, even abroad, the "infantas" would be referred to as a princess "of Castile and Leon". Although we are inclined to feel that the precedent alluded to by Crescent (by which an armorial item was returned for conflict with a crest) is not necessarily a desirable one, under the current order this does conflict with the crest of the Earl of Normanton ("A demi-lion Or."). Technically, Crux Australis is also correct in calling conflict with the arms of Belgium ("Sable, a lion rampant Or." in its earlier form, the crown on the modern arms being an addition to the earlier coat).

Chiara Francesca Arianna d'Onofrio. Device. Barry wavy azure and argent, on a lozenge azure between four dolphins embowed uriant counterchanged, a pegasus rampant argent.

Under AR1c, the use of one of the component tinctures on a field which otherwise would be neutral is forbidden except in the simplest of cases. This is not a simple case. Similarly, the small counterchanged secondaries are hardly identifiable because of the extra complexity added by the counterchanging. Also in this case, where the charged lozenge is an addition to a device which would stand on its own, there is a distinct appearance of an inescutcheon of pretense.

Dominic Sentre. Device. Argent, ermined azure, a swan displayed, wings addorsed, sable, membered Or, and a base engrailed azure.

Conflict with Irving de Rosamonde MacChlurain ("Ermine, a swan elevated and displayed, dismembered sable, collared Or, holding in its beak a thistle proper."). The visual echoes are simply too great, particularly in view of the almost negligible difference in the tincture of the ermine tails.

Dominic Sentre. Badge. Gules, on a compass star Or four daggers in cross conjoined at the pommels sable.

Conflict with Seth the Seeker ("Gules, on a compass star throughout Or a unicorn's head couped at the shoulders sable, armed and crined gules.").

Juliana of Eashing. Device. Per fess embattled azure and argent, a rose Or and a leaf vert.

We were reluctantly compelled to agree with Brachet that there is a visual conflict with Adriana Holloway ("Per fess embattled azure and argent, in pale a sun Or and two maple leaves, stems crossed in saltire, vert and gules."). Had the rose been barbed and seeded of a contrasting tincture the possibility of visual confusion with a sun Or would have been significantly lessened.

Karl der Gangr. Name only.

Unfortunately, you cannot use a German article with an Old Norse noun. If he wishes the byname to be Norse, as his documentation indicates, he would be "Karl Gangr". If he wishes to have the German form for Karl the Walker (the meaning he indicates the byname should have), he wants "Karl der Fussgänger". As he allows no changes whatsoever to his name, we were compelled to return it in its entirety.

Kaylitha Rhiannon of Southhaven. Change of device. Azure, an estoile and on a chief Or, three crescents azure.

Conflict with Hogarth ("Azure, an estoile Or, on a chief of the last three spear's heads as the first.", as cited in Papworth): there is only a minor point of difference for the change in type of tertiary charge.

Michel le Gauche. Device. Argent, a pall inverted gules between three griffins segreant sable.

Conflict with Elaina Lochdroigheann ("Argent, a pall inverted between two roses gules and a triple-headed thistle proper.").

Pendaran Glamorgan. Name only.

All evidence, including the submittor's own documentation, supports the view that the name "Pendaran" was a unique name, appearing only in the Mabinogion as the name of the personage at the court of Pwyll who gave Pryderi his name. (Note also that in the Penguin translation by Jeffrey Gantz [p. 64] "Pendaran" is used as a title.).

Stefan Greyhawke. Device. Azure, a hawk rising to sinister, wings elevated and displayed, within a bordure argent.

Conflict with Podenham ("Azure, an eagle displayed and a bordure argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 314).


Aneirin y Peabodie. Name and device. Gyronny of six per pale sable and argent, on a chief gules a griffin segreant to sinister Or.

Whatever the derivation of the family name Peabody (or Peabodie), it is clear that it is not a Welsh noun which would use the common article. As the submittor was so adamant about refusing even minor changes to his name, we felt compelled to return the submission as a whole rather than assign a holding name. Note that we have reblazoned the device from the field "per fess" to reflect the realities of the proposed device as depicted on the emblazon sheet. This shows the gules area in chief in precisely that proportion which would have been used in period for a chief which had to accommodate a beast rampant and the appearance of a chief as the primary charge is increased by the proportions of the gyronny below.

Kenyon of Tellias. Device. Sable, on a pale counter-ermine, fimbriated argent, a horned human skull affronty gules.

Note that his name was previously returned (July, 1987). There was a general consensus in the College that the count of anomalies here was excessive: thin line heraldry in the fimbriation, a primary charge which is low contrast and would be illegal were it not for the fimbriation, an extremely unusual tertiary charge and that in a low contrast tincture which makes it harder to identify. Additionally, the device technically conflicts with Pwyll pen Tyrhon, cited on the letter of intent ("Sable, on a pale argent a decrescent gules.").

Rickard Tristen O'Terry. Device. Gyronny of ten per pale gules and Or, a mullet throughout counterchanged, overall an eagle stooping, wings displayed, sable.

It was the consensus of the College that the counterchanged mullet, placed on the already complex field and overlaid almost completely by the bird, visually appeared to be merely a variant of field division (one member of the Laurel staff referred to it as a "field kaleidoscopy"!). This being so, it is in conflict with Serlo of Litchfield, cited on the letter of intent ("Gyronny gules and Or, a vulture close sable.").

Sean Gryfon. Name only.

The name conflicts technically with John ap Griffin.

Takemoto Mariko. Device. Gules, on a lozenge argent an origami crane gules.

Conflict with Pages ("Gules, a mascle argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 973) and others. Also, the origami crane is in trian aspect and, if it were placed in profile, there is a serious question whether it would be at all identifiable (it is marginal now).

Valeria Bridget Rodin. Device. Argent, on a bend azure between three roses gules, barbed and seeded proper, a key Or.

As noted by Æstel, this conflicts with Giles de Bridport, Bishop of Salisbury from 1256 to 1262 ("Argent, a bend azure between three roses gules.", as cited in Papworth, p. 216).


Miranda de Mont Saint Michel. Device. Per bend argent and sable, a cornflower affronty azure, seeded Or, and a gout d'eau.

Conflict with Erzabet von Schachendorf ("Per bend Or and sable, a rose azure, barbed and seeded proper, and an anchor Or."). A number of commentors noted the difficulty of recognizing the identity of the flower in chief and there is no doubt that the unusual posture of the flower contributes to the confusion by making the difference from a rose almost negligible.


Calontir, Kingdom of. Name for the Order of the Golden Swan.

Under our current rules, there is no conflict with the Order of the Black Swan (Principality of Cynagua) since the adjective is changed, not added. However, it is unfortunately in conflict with the Knights of the Swan (Flanders) since all that differs is the addition of the adjective (NR24a).

Maddelena Jessamyn di Piemonte. Device. Vert, a cinquefoil pierced argent and a chief azure, fimbriated Or.

This is "thin line heraldry": even a plain chief may not be fimbriated, fimbriating a chief wavy is even more a solecism.

Margaret de Falkland. Name only.

This name creates problems in two respects. While the Prime Minister of England yet remains (as is traditional in the latter part of this century) a commoner, she was (and occasionally still is) called "Falklands Maggie" for some time and it has been quite seriously suggested that, when she retires to the House of Lords, her title in the life peerage should be "Baroness Falklands". Additionally, Falkland was one of the principal seats of James IV of Scotland, who did extensive rebuilding of the castle there, before dying at Flodden Field. His wife was, of course, Margaret Tudor, sister of Henry VIII.

Merwinna o Bealach Breac. Device. Azure, a leaf inverted bendwise within an annulet fracted in pall inverted argent.

Conflict with Perigrine Mellryn of Last Mountain, cited in the letter of intent ("Azure, a mascle within an annulet argent.").

Onami Ryome. Device. Sable, a t'ai - ch'i sable and argent within a great wave of seven crests issuant from dexter, all within a bordure argent.

In the first place the argent bordure, which abuts the wave for most of its periphery, violates the rule of tincture. Secondly, the fimbriated t'ai - ch'i constitutes "thin line heraldry". Although the submittor's desire to have the great wave (nami) to play upon his name is understandable, the fact that he is designing a mon does not exempt him from the usual rules on contrast and style.


Ealasaid nic Pharlan. Name only.

The letter of intent spelled the patronymic as above, but the lady desired the proper form of "Pharlain" and the typo was only discovered after the letters went out. Unfortunately, when the name is pronounced properly in Gaelic, it definitely sounds enough like Ealasaid nic Phearsoinn to be confusing.

Isadora d'Athinai. Name only.

No prepositions beginning in "d" are used in Greek, ancient or modern, to indicate geographic source. The preposition which best approximates "from" in both classical and modern Greek is "apo" which is not used with the nominative of the noun. As Crescent has pointed out, the most likely form of her name in Greek would be "Isadora Athenaia", since Greek is very fond of adjectives of origin. Unfortunately, she will not allow any changes to the name so it has to be returned (a holding name can be issued since the Western forms state that this is done unless the submittor specifically forbids this).

Miranda Graye. Device. Or, on a demi-sun issuant from base vert a goblet Or, in chief three bunches of grapes purpure, slipped and leaved vert.

After comparing the emblazon sheets, we came to the conclusion that there is a visual conflict with the device of Meriel de Blackwoode, cited on the letter of intent ("Per chevron inverted Or and ermine, in chief three bunches of grapes purpure, slipped and leaved vert, and in base a goblet purpure."). Not only is the upper half of the field identical (both sets of grapes are in fess), but there is a goblet in precisely the same position on both devices. If one reblazons Miranda's device to "Per chevron rayonny Or and vert, . . .", as very similar devices have been blazoned in the past, the problem becomes even clearer.

Temerity Songspinner. Name only.

It was the consensus of the College that the use of a strongly negative "attribute" name was not in fact typical of the Puritan custom, with many noting that the fantasy epithet struck a particularly false note with the given name. In fact, even the negative "attribute" names that were adduced in the letter of intent were "passive" entities ("No Merit" is a reference to the state of predestination) rather than to qualities which might be emulated by the individual so named. That being so, this becomes a mocking reference, a "joke name".



Hans Dürrmast von der Wanderlust. Device. Azure, a chevron argent and on a pale counterchanged between in chief two halberd heads, blades inwards, argent, a rapier inverted counterchanged.

The emblazon on the letter of intent, which showed a field per chevron rather than a chevron, did not match the blazon. In this case the blazon on the letter was correct. The submission is pended until the January meeting to allow the College to check properly for conflict and to comment on the visual complexity of the proposed device.


Romana Luisa Ayesha de la Vega. Device. Argent, on a bend sinister purpure between two fleurs-de-lys gules, three roses argent.

The blazon on the letter of intent noted a bend, but although the emblazon correctly showed a bend sinister. The submission is pended until the January meeting to allow proper conflict checking.

Seumas Moray. Device. Azure, a sea-goat rampant argent, in chief mullets, one and two, Or.

On the letter of intent the "mullets Or" were blazoned as "ram's heads caboshed argent". The submission is pended until the January meeting for proper conflict checking.

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