Alcestis of Silverhall. Name only.

Arias the Innkeeper's Daughter. Badge for House Wild Hart. Sable, a hart rampant to sinister within a bordure argent.

Brand Sturrock. Name only.

Calote of Wyncote. Name only.

Cesare the Merchant. Name and device. Per fess azure and argent, a polar bear passant argent and a lymphad, sail furled, proper within a bordure wavy counterchanged.

Colin Galbraith. Name and device. Per chevron Or and azure, two wings, conjoined and displayed inverted, gules and a thistle, slipped and leaved, Or.

Cynthia Braithwaite of Seven Oaks. Device. Gules, three scarpes Or, overall a cross bottonny between four horses rampant argent.

Draco Valladao. Name and device. Sable, a dragon passant to sinister argent within a bordure engrailed Or. Note that Draco was the name of an early Athenian lawgiver and Valladao is the submittor's mundane family name.

Elene MacGregor. Name only. The name was submitted as Elene ni Duncan MacGregor. Unfortunately, to use the Gaelic particle "ni" a properly modified Gaelic form of the name Duncan would be required (Dhonnchaid). Also, the name would appear to be claiming descent from Duncan MacGregor, one of the most famous of the MacGregor leaders of the sixteenth century (Moncreiffe, The Highland Clans, p. 142). Although she may in fact be claiming descent from that Duncan MacGregor who registered the name for Society use in 1975 (oops!), this still caused qualms for the Scots amongst us.

Geoffrey of Salisbury. Device. Per bend purpure and vert, a bend Or between a unicorn rampant argent, armed, and an astrolabe Or, charted gules.

Gideon of the Silverwood. Device. Per pale sable and argent, three fir trees in fess counterchanged, overall an annulet gules.

Gwynaeth ferch Llewellyn von Westfalen. Change of name from Gwynaeth ferch Llewellyn.

James Rory MacClure. Name only.

Jason MacRuairidh the Seolvertunged. Name and device. Barry of four per bend sinister Or and vert, semy-de-lis counterchanged.

Karena del Falco. Name and device. Per bend argent and sable, a bend between a falcon statant close gules and two swans naiant to sinister Or. Although the letter of intent incorrectly stated that the given name was an Italian form of Karen, the submittor's documentation correctly cited it as a Danish form.

Karena del Falco. Badge. Argent, a falcon close gules.

Karl Thorirsson. Name and device. Or, two bearded axes in saltire and in base a broad arrow vert, all within a bordure embattled gules.

Kendric MacDonald the Stoutheart. Name only.

Tichona di Caldara. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Tyrrel Figenbaum. Device. Or, on a firebomb azure, flamed of four flames proper, a rose Or.

William of Thetford. Name only.


Aylwin Graham the Flamehaired. Name and device. Azure, in bend an estoile between two roses, in sinister chief three bendlets enhanced, all argent. The name was submitted as Aylwin Graham, the Flamehaired. The extraneous comma has been deleted to correspond to period practice.

Randal Benton. Device. Per chevron rayonny Or, mulletty of four points gules, and sable, in base a unicorn rampant to sinister Or.

Robert Weir of Cheshire. Name only.

Samuel of Grimbourne. Change of name from Ian Colga MacAodha and change of device. Per bend sinister argent and Or, a bend sinister vert between a boar's head couped close and an oak tree eradicated proper. Note that the "proper" tincture for a boar's head is brown. His previous device ("Per bend sinister argent and Or, a bat displayed sable and a tree eradicated proper.") is released.

Sean Kirkpatrick. Name only.

Tamsina of Norwich. Device. Per bend argent and vert, mulletty of four points Or, in sinister chief a hummingbird rising to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, gules.


Aelfgar of Sheffield. Name only.

Aelfred of Cres. Name and device. Per pale wavy azure and argent, ermined gules, a dragon rampant to sinister Or and a lion rampant sable. Cres is the name of both an island in the Adriatic and its capital city which dates from Byzantine times.

Aldwyn ap Llewelyn. Badge. Purpure, a stag salient argent.

Andrew MacGregor. Name and device. Vert, two wings conjoined and inverted and in base an open book argent.

Atlantia, Kingdom of. Transfer of Title for Finsterwald Pursuivant from Kingdom of the East. The title of Finsterwald Pursuivant is by long tradition associated with Myrkewuud. As that group has been transferred to Atlantia from the East, so too should the title be.

Aurora des Vignobles. Name and device. Per pale dovetailed Or and vert, in fess a trefoil and a fleur-de-lys, all within a bordure counterchanged. As the lady seems to be aiming at a French name, perhaps she should be informed that the French form of the given name is "Aurore".

Catriona Fergusson. Device. Or, a raven sable and on a chief indented azure three increscents Or.

Corwyn Mac Domhnaill Ui Chaireallain. Device. Azure, on a fess embattled-counterembattled between two pairs of swords crossed in saltire and a mullet argent, a barrulet azure.

Deirdre of Cres. Name only.

Deirdre O'Siodhachain. Device. Or, a triskelion arrondy within an annulet, a chief vert.

Deirdre O'Siodhachain. Badge. Or, on a triangle gules, a triskelion arrondy within an annulet Or.

Dmitri Mikhailovich. Name only.

Elizabeth Katherine of Sterling. Name only.

Gerald l'Arrogant. Name and device. Per pale sable and gules, on the blade of a double-bitted axe between four roses argent, in fess a rose gules and a rose sable.

Gillian of Lynnehaven. Name and device. Or, a bend indented sable between a phoenix azure, rising from flames gules, and a tower sable. The name was submitted as Gillian of Lynnehavan. However, such a spelling variant could not be documented and, since the pronunciation would be quite different from "haven", is linguistically improbable.

Gwenllian de la Forêt. Name and device. Gules, three trees eradicated and on a chief wavy argent a griffin passant gules.

Harold of Arindale. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per bend sinister gules and sable, a sword bendwise sinister inverted proper between a lion passant guardant to sinister Or and a wolf passant reguardant argent, all within a bordure ermine. The submission was made under the name Harold Olafssen fra Roskilde. Please ask him to draw the sword a lot larger.

Hasan de Tanger. Name and device. Azure, on a pile wavy inverted between two senmurvs respectant Or, marked gules, a phoenix gules.

Ilarion Ivanovich. Name only.

Marina of Rathlin. Name only. The name was submitted as Marenna of Rathlin, which was stated to be a reasonable spelling variant of Marina. Unfortunately, not only is Marenna pronounced quite differently from Marina, it is also far closer to the documented place name form "de Marenni" (Reaney, p. 232).

Maud Milbourne. Device. Vert, two boar's heads couped close and a Catherine wheel within a bordure Or.

Osric of Scirwudu. Name and device. Ermine, a portcullis within a bordure embattled vert.

Reinhard von Stettin. Name and device. Barry of eight sable and Or, an eagle displayed gules within a bordure Or.

Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Rivka bat Efraim. Name and device. Azure, on a pile inverted throughout wavy between two pomegranates argent, a pomegranate azure.

Sarah Lynnette Scrimgeour. Name only.

Stephan Badger. Name only.

Tsunetomi Todomu. Badge for Thomas Forester. Sable, a quiver containing two arrows argent.

Tsunetomi Todomu. Badge for House Forester. Sable, a quiver containing two arrows argent, all between two bows palewise, drawn and with strings to center, Or.

Yolande the Fair. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


Adelicia Marie di Rienzi. Badge. Gules, a snail passant to sinister Or.

Alexandre de Normandie. Name only.

Angus Gwalchgwyn. Name only.

Caid, Kingdom of. Badge for Office of the Chatelaine. Azure, a key palewise, wards to chief, argent.

Celeste Cathan. Name and device. Or, a heart per pale indented sable and gules between three quatrefoils slipped vert.

Fleur de Valais. Name and device. Per bend sable and argent, a winged unicorn courant and a dragon couchant to sinister counterchanged. Note that Fleur is the French form of the Latin "Florus", the name of a fourth-century saint.

George Edward Archer. Name only.

Gregorii Konstantinovich Paltin. Badge. Argent, semy of triskelia arrondy purpure.

Keradwc an Cai. Change of name from Keradawc an Cai.

Suleiman ibn al-Khattaru. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). A camel statant to sinister argent.


Alaric Drommund Griffinsdaith. Name and device. Per chevron inverted sable and vert, a pall between a griffin segreant and two towers Or. The name was submitted as Alaric Drommund of Griffinsdaith. Since "Griffinsdeath" is not a properly formed English (or Scottish) placename, but is an acceptable personal epithet, we have dropped the preposition.

Alienor Kramer van den Haag. Name and device. Per fess Or and purpure, in pale an urchin statant and an alaunt between a pair of flaunches, all counterchanged. The name was submitted as Alienor Kraemer van der Hagen. As the submittor desired, we have modified the name to proper Flemish (Dutch) forms, using the orthography used prior to the spelling reforms of 1947. Please ask her to draw the flaunches properly, issuant in chief from the corners of the shield.

André d'Aquitaine. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Edward Ackersley. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a chevron purpure, cotised gules, between three hearts sable. The submission was made under the name Balfour Ackersley.

Edward Unraed. Name only.

Eric Wulf of the Western Shores. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Finlay Roisín. Name and device. Per fess sable and Or, a scimitar fesswise reversed, blade to base, and a rose counterchanged.

Francis of Wurm Wald. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Vairy Or and sable, a cross cotised argent. The submission was made under the name of Athor of the War Scyldings.

Gavin MacPherson. Name and device. Azure, in pale three Wake knots Or. Research indicates that the usual depiction of a cotton hank is as a sort of palewise figure eight bound with a tight loop at the centre. This being so, this is definitely clear of the arms of Cotton ("Azure, three cotton hanks Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 960).

Georgia the Pragmatic of Clyffmarsh. Device. Azure, a dragonfly and on a chief invected Or, three lotus blossoms in profile azure, slipped vert.

Goswin Sterrenkijker van Sint Gillis Waas. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Goswin Sterrenkijker van Sint Gillis-waas. The documentation submitted does not support the hyphenated form so we have dropped the dubious hyphen.

Haakon Eriksson. Name and device. Per pall inverted sable, argent and gules, two demi-goats with serpentine tails combattant counterchanged and a fleur-de-lys per pale ermine and counter-ermine.

Heather Elaine Hall of Dormanswell. Name only (see RETURNS for device). Heather is the lady's mundane given name.

Hierusalem Chrysostoma. Name and device. Per fess embattled vert and Or, two Jerusalem crosses and a turtle tergiant palewise counterchanged. The name was submitted as Hierusalem Chrystoma. We have corrected the byname to the form that the submittor, from her documentation, intended. Note that Dragon has provided ample documentation from several sources of the use of Hierusalem as the name of several early female saints. Whether or not this is a false attribution, similar to the deduction that Sancta Sophia was a person, is somewhat irrelevant, since falsely derived saints, such as Valentine and Sophia were vastly popular in period.

Jasper Blackburn. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and sable, a griffon segreant argent, grasping a sword proper in its dexter foreclaw, all between three escallops argent.

John of Slaughterfield. Name only.

Kelly Piers. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess embowed sable and vert, in pale a horse courant and an orchid argent. The submission was made under the name Kayley Piers. The gentleman's mundane given name is Kelly.

Kiríll Andreivich. Name only. The name was submitted as Kyrille Andreskevich. The given name has been modified to the spelling supported by the submittor's documentation (Umbegaun, Russian Surnames, p. 70). While the submittor provided convincing documentation that patronymics could be formed from diminutives (ibid., p.12), his documentation also appears to indicate that Andrei (or Andréj) is not one of those that do so (ibid., p. 47).

Maynard of Dark River. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Purpure, issuant from base a dexter gauntlet and forearm Or, maintaining a candle fesswise argent, enflamed Or. The submission was made under the name of Maynard O'Bleary. Note that, although Maynard is more common as a family name in modern times, Withycombe cites it as a given name as early as Domesday Book (p. 215).

Middle Kingdom. Badge for the Order of the Dragon's Barb. A dragon's tale palewise, barb to chief, within and issuant from an annulet vert, scaly argent.

Murphy Garrow. Name and device. Or, goutty de sang, a gore sinister vert. As Murphy is the usual Anglicised form for the given name Murchadha in its patronymic usage, it seems reasonable to allow its use as a reasonable given name.

Phelan ab Emrys. Change of name from Caradwg Emrys Phelan. The name was submitted as Phelan ap Emrys. As the submittor permitted changes to the name, we have modified the final consonant of the patronymic form to the "b" which would be expected before a name beginning with a vowel.

Raedwulf Odell. Device. Vert, ermined Or, a bend sinister between an eagle displayed and a tower Or.

Rivière Constellé, Shire of. Badge. Per bend sinister wavy Or and sable, a compass star azure and three mullets of four points in bend sinister Or.

Ronald of Würm Wald. Name and device. Argent, six hurts in annulo within a bordure azure.

Shadowed Stars, Shire of. Device. Or, mulletty of four points, on a pall between three compass stars azure, a laurel wreath Or. Please ask them to draw the laurel wreath larger.

Shana Taleh. Change of name from holding name of Dawn of Sternfeld.

Stephen of Wurm Wald. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for device). Argent, on a pale cotised between two swords inverted azure, in pale a mullet and a sword inverted argent. The submission was made under the name Llew ap Nuada.

Würm Wald, Barony of. Badge. Argent, goutty de sang, a fess dancetty sable between two sinister feet, reversed and couped, gules.


Elizabeth of Al-Barran. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a weasel couchant guardant gules, overall a tree blasted and eradicated vert. The submission was made under the name Châtaignie the Meek. Note that White Stag errs in considering that there is complete difference of charge between a tree eradicated vert and a tree eradicated blasted vert: at best there is a minor point of difference. (Nor is there complete difference of charge between a lion and a lion defamed: in fact, Society precedent would hold that the difference between the two types of lion would be negligible. The device is clear of the mundane arms of Kymberlee cited on the letter of intent ("Argent, a tree eradicated vert.", as cited in Papworth, p. 1112), but only just.

Freygard Magnusdottir. Device. Sable, two mink sejant erect and combattant argent and a chevron abased Or. The submission was made under the name Freygerd Magnusdöttir with the note that the name had been registered. However, the form registered in January, 1986, was Freygard Magnusdottir. If she wishes to use the form given on the letter of intent, she must file a request for change of name.

Fulk Fulkersson. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sinister azure, a scarpe Or, between a longship in full sail, oars in action and sailing to sinister, gules and a bell sable. The letter of intent stated that the names were derived from Geirr Bassi and were Norse, which is incorrect (the form of the Norse given name as listed in Geirr Bassi is "Folki" and the form of the patronymic is not given at all). However, Reaney (p.131) gives several early instances of Fulk used as a given name, as does Withycombe (p. 123). Reaney (pp. 135­136) also gives "Fulcher" as a given name appearing in Domesday Book with "Fulker" appearing as a patronymic form in 1212, while Withycombe (p. 123) cites Fulcher as being a common given name in period.

Jakob van Groningen. Name and device. Per chevron argent and purpure, in base a millrind argent, a chief embattled purpure.

Nicholas Wolfmar. Device. Gyronny of six issuant from base gules and Or, a wolf's paw print argent.

Randy von Drachenberg. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Sable, a bend sinister vert, fimbriated Or, between a compass star, elongated to base, argent and in bend sinister three compass stars, elongated to base, Or. The submission was made under the name Lynna von Drachenberg. Randy is the submittor's mundane given name.

Shauna O'Shaughnessy. Change of name from holding name of Darlene Monet. The name was submitted as Shauna ni Shaunessy. The use of the feminine patronymic particle "ni" with the unmodified Anglicised form of the patronymic would be incorrect. Also, we have added the silent "gh" that guarantees proper pronunciation of the diphthong in the last name.


Aithne of Eagle's Crag. Name only.

Angharad of Chester. Name and device. Vert, a fess dancetty ermine between three crosses flory argent and in chief a seahorse erect Or. It should be noted that under the definition of "a group of charges" in the section on Determination of Difference, the crosses and the seahorse constitute two different groups of charges. This is not simply because of the difference in type and tincture of the charges, but because they are not in fact arranged as a group in a standard arrangement. The crosses do constitute a group of secondary charges as defined under subheading 2 ("One or more charges accompanying. . . an ordinary or primary charge."). The seahorse here is specifically emblazoned in one of the most common traditional positions for a brisure mark (centered in chief) and in fact looks like a brisure mark added to cadet arms. As such, it is specifically covered by subhead 3 ("A secondary charge that is obviously not associated with other secondary charges, such as a bordure, a chief, an orle, or a brisure.")

Antoine le Rêveur. Name only.

Beaconsgate, Riding of. Name only. Note that "Riding" is a term to be used for an official group only and is an equivalent for a subsidiary group (equivalent to Canton or College).

Cynthia Waerfaest. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, in bend five cat's pawprints bendwise sable. The submission was made under the name of Sincgiefu Waerfaest. Note that the Laurel staff felt rather strongly that this was not period heraldry (or Anglo-Saxon symbolism), but felt that the established precedent for pawprints as a Society charge required that it be registered.

Dominic Tremayne. Device. Per chevron azure and argent, a chevron between three fleurs-de-lys, all argent.

Edmund the Lame. Name only.

Gereint Scholar. Spelling Correction. When the gentle's name and device were passed in September, 1986, the given name was accidentally spelled Geraint.

Gwenhwyfar Trelowarth. Name only. White in his Handbook of Cornish Surnames (p. 55) gives "tre-lowarth", meaning "homestead with garden", as the derivation for Treloar, which is the lady's mundane family name. If she wishes a totally Cornish name, she might be interested in knowing that "Gweniver" is the form of the given name in older Cornish records (Names from the Cornish, p. 28).

Isolda de Chasteaulin. Name and device. Sable, on a fess Or, a serpent nowed gules, in chief three decrescents argent. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Isolda de Châteaulin with a note from Vesper that the lady wished the spelling "Chasteaulin" but that the College of Heralds of the West had not been able to document this form. In point of fact the spelling with "s" is the standard form in Old French, where both forms ("chasteau" and "chastel") appear according to Einhorn (Old French: A Concise Handbook, Chapter 2). The diminutive suffix "-lin", used with both personal names and common nouns, is one of the oldest in French usage (Withycombe shows it in use with the personal name Hamo in Domesday Book [p. 145].

Ivar Andersen. Name only.

Kane Greymane. Name only. Under "Cain" Reaney (p. 61) cites forms such as "Kein" (1198­1200), "Keyne" (1260), "McKane" (1408), derived several different given names.

Maelon ap Prydydd of Carnach. Name and device. Or, a falcon statant to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, gules between three estoiles sable.

Morgan of the Eagle's Nest. Name and device. Per pale azure and sable, a cross of four pallets fretted with four barrulets, between in chief two mullets argent.

Morgan Starbridge. Change of name from Morgana Starbridge (see RETURNS for device).

Nancy of Roscommon. Holding name and device. Argent, in cross four cats sejant to sinister azure. The device was submitted under the name of Maeve of Roscommon, which has previously been returned in January, 1988. We would have liked to use the form "Maeve" + group name for the holding name, but could not since the forms did not include the submittor's home group.

Oksana Vladislavovna of Sherbrooke. Name and device. Sable, on a maple leaf argent, a magpie displayed gules, marked and breasted argent.

Rhiannon of Rosebriar. Name and device. Quarterly sable and gules, a garden rose bendwise, slipped and leaved, within a bordure argent. The mundane arms of Thrale ("Sable, a rose argent, a bordure of the last.") were cited as a potential conflict. In addition to the minor point of difference for the field, there would seem to be at least a clear major point of difference for the changes to the rose. By tradition the Society has distinguished between the heraldic rose and the natural rose and, lacking any specific evidence to the contrary we must assume that the rose on the arms of Thrale was the heraldic rose which is quite different in appearance from the natural flower. The rose on the arms of Thrale is not slipped and leaved as is the rose here (if it were, the visual difference between the heraldic rose and the natural rose would be considerably diminished). Finally, we assume the rose on the arms of Thrale is in the default position at the centre of the field, not bendwise as is the rose here.

Saint Bartholomew, College of. Name and device. Per saltire sable and azure, a laurel wreath between four open books in cross argent, each book charged with a bee tergiant sable, marked Or. Please ask them to draw the laurel wreath bigger.

Seóan Seaxswain. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Simon de Lyons. Name only.

Snorri Ottarsson. Device. Sable, a serpent nowed, head erect, on a bordure argent, an orle sable.

Tamesin the Catfooted. Name and device. Azure, a demi-pegasus argent within an annulet Or.

Theodosia of Goldenvale. Device. Or, a rose and on a chief gules, three frets Or.

Walter Kempe of Falconhold. Change of device. Vert, a cross sable, fimbriated argent, overall a unicorn rampant Or. He releases his previous device of "Or, a pall inverted between two crescents and in base five roundels in annulo gules."



Grimlea der Scharfrichter. Name and device. Sable, on a pale argent goutty de sang a griffin segreant bearing an axe sable. The name was appealed from a return by An Tir in 1982 on the grounds that it should have been considered more leniently under a "grace period" then in force at Laurel level. However, as Crescent has quite correctly noted, this "grace period" was not a suspension of the rules then in effect, but rather a leniency with regard to documentation that particular practices were used in period. The requirement that a given name be included in a Society name and that documented last names or geographic names could not be used for given names unless there was evidence that the specific name had been so used in period was already in place. In fact, Grimlea (or Grimley) is a family name derived from a place name, a fact which was pointed out to the submittor when the submission was first returned nearly six years ago. The device conflicts with that of Pwyll pen Tyrhon ("Sable, on a pale argent, a decrescent gules.")

Karl the Purple. Device. Purpure, seven annulets in annulo and on a chief enarched embattled Or a domestic cat courant to sinister purpure. Unfortunately, it was the general consensus that the annulets in annulo still looked far too much like a knight's chain. Perhaps he might consider Crescent's suggestion of a semy of annulets Or.

Tichona di Caldara. Device. Vert, a demi-crane, wings displayed and inverted, argent issuant from in base three chevronels braced Or. Conflict with the Shire of Mont d'Or ("Vert, three chevronels braced Or and in chief a laurel wreath argent.")


Therese la Fleur. Name and device. Vert, two scarpes between three fleurs-de-lys in bend Or. The name is in conflict with the extremely popular nineteenth-century saint, Theresa. Although her birth name was Thérèse Martin and she is sometimes known as St. Theresa of Lisieux (to distinguish her from the period St. Theresa of Avila), she is almost universally referred to as St. Theresa the Little Flower. The device is visually and technically in conflict with that of Daniel the Wanderer ("Vert, two scarpes between three gouttes and three garbs Or."): since the primary charges in both case are clearly the scarpes, only the secondary charges are modified.


Ann Corwin. Device. Argent, a cat couchant sable, and on a chief azure a rainbow proper. Conflict with variously Caitlyn Fitzrobert ("Argent, a natural leopard couchant sable within a bordure azure, goutty d'eau."), Robin Freawine ("Argent, a natural leopard dormant sable and in chief an ivy vine wavy fesswise throughout vert.") and Edlyn of Meadowburne ("Argent, a lion dormant sable, gorged of a collar Or, a chief counter-ermine.").

Gillian Clayshaper. Badge. Azure, a torch Or. Conflict with the British 18th Artillery Training Brigade ("Per fess gules and azure, overall a torch enflamed all Or.").

Harold Olafssen fra Roskilde. Name only. Unfortunately, the addition of the locative of Roskilde only creates a new set of problems for the name, since Roskilde is not merely a place "on a Danish fjord" as stated on the letter of intent, but was the capital of Denmark for much of our period and is both an official seat of the Danish royal family and the burial place of a majority of the Danish kings. Thus, one runs into problems with the use name of not only Harold Olafsson of Man, but also of the Harolds and Olafs of the Danish royal family.

Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale. Device. Ermine, on a bend sinister wavy azure, a unicorn's head palewise, couped and sinister facing, argent. Conflict with Anika Gael Quicksilver ("Ermine, a bend sinister azure surmounted by an open book argent, fimbriated Or."): as the book lies almost entirely on the bend and the fimbriation is virtually invisible, we are left with only the major point for the complex variation of bend sinister and the minor for type of tertiary charge.

Volodimir of Cambion. Badge for Lisovoya Khozyajstva. Argent, two foxes combattant gules, between their forepaws a harp azure. Visual conflict with the device of Corwin of Fox Mountain ("Argent, two foxes salient respectant gules and a mullet of eight points sable."). No supporting documentation for the household name was provided.

Yolande the Fair. Device. Sable, a heron statant argent within an annulet of violet flowers Or, all within a bordure argent. Conflict with the mundane arms of Mathew ("Sable, a stork proper within a bordure argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 316). Crescent is also correct when he warns that the annulet of violets might be mistaken for a wreath of roses and suggests using a smaller number of flowers in a resubmission.


Dashivé Luciana d'Avignon. Change of name from Luciana d'Avignon. When the lady's device was accepted in July, 1987, the manufactured given name Dashivé was dropped because it did not accord with French naming practice, as had been stated on the letter of intent. The lady appealed this return, stating that "any relationship to an actual language is coincidental". This appeal was the subject of much discussion in the College, both in correspondence and at the meeting held at Estrella War. The consensus seemed to be that the College was not particularly happy with the name, but could "live with" the plausibility of the constructed name as the lady indicated it was actually pronounced (as "Déjavée" using French orthography). However, there was a strong feeling that this pronunciation could not be reconstructed from the spelling used, which produced a number of distinctly less acceptable renditions and that the name could only be accepted in a spelling which reflected the name was it is actually used. As the lady was present at Estrella War, Crescent consulted with her and the College was informed that she would accept an alternate spelling of "Déjavée". Shortly after her return from the War, the submittor withdrew this permission, demanding the original spelling or none at all. Given these circumstances, we feel we have no alternative to the return of the name as it now stands.

Suleiman ibn al-Khattaru. Name for Benu Khattarun. The household name was indicated on the letter of intent to mean "Children of Danger". However, serious doubts were expressed whether it was in fact Arabic practice for a clan to claim to be descendents of an abstract quality or situation such as "Danger". The submittor's documentation included a considerable amount of documentation on the correct pronunciation and Arabic orthography of the name, but did not address the central question of the appropriateness of the household name, which caused serious twitches amongst the membership of the College of Arms.


André d'Aquitaine. Device. Per bend azure and vert, a bend argent between a sun in splendour and a saddle Or. Conflict with Megan of the Shore ("Per bend azure and vert, a bend and in sinister chief a seagull volant to sinister argent.").

Athor of the War Scyldings. Name only. Athor is a documented alternate spelling of the name of the Egyptian goddess Hathor and thus may not be used without evidence that the name was in fact used in period as a human given name. While there is a tendency in modern sources to apply the term Scylding to the Danes in general, when distinguishing them from the other "Viking" peoples, the term more properly applies to the early Danish royal house (as the submittor's own documentation notes) and it is in this sense that it would be most commonly interpreted by a member of our Society.

Báili na Scolaíri, Shire of. Name only. The documentation supplied was a statement by a professor of languages at Illinois State University that this was the proper form of the name. Unfortunately, all our sources for Old Irish and modern Irish indicate that the proper form for the nominative of the noun for town or city is "baile" with a a terminal "e" and no accenting of the diphthong. The ending in "i" is found only in the oblique cases which would not be appropriate after the lingua franca "Shire of". (Note that the nominative form "baile" is pronounced "baili".) Unfortunately, since they would allow no changes whatsoever to the name, we could not amend the grammar to register it.

Balfour Ackersley. Name only. By the submittor's own documentation, Balfour is a family name derived from a place name and therefore is not eligible for use as a given name in the Society without evidence that it was so used in period.

Birgit av Birka. Name and device. Azure, a horse of eight legs passant to sinister and a chief bevilled Or. As Dragon herself has commented, the Old Norse form of the byname should be "af Birku" (the noun must be placed in the dative). The byname is properly constructed for modern Norse whose reformed orthography uses "av" for the preposition and which resembles English in having almost entirely dropped the declension of nouns. However, to give the meaning she desires in modern Norse, she would have to use "Birgit fra Birka". Unfortunately, she allows no changes whatsoever to her name so the name as a whole must be returned. As for the device, the more the issue of the acceptability of the Sleipnir for Society armoury is discussed in the College of Arms, the more the commentors seem to feel doubts about the propriety of the usage. The submittor has provided a substantial amount of evidence for the use of the image on grave art, but all of this supports the conclusion that the beast has too strong a religious/magical connotation. (We ignore here the theories of some scholars that, in a couple of the cases she adduces, the depiction of the horse with eight legs is in fact an attempt to depict a team of two horses!) Additionally, the unusual use of the "bevilled" chief (we could not find a period example) seems designed to give the effect of lightning, thus joining Thor to Odin in the device.

Caellyn y'Vearn Fitzhugh. Augmentation. A linked chain bordurewise Or. At the time of the August meeting this submission was pended, despite the strong conviction of most of the College that it infringed on the proper usage of the reserved annulet of chain of the chivalry. Since it involved a "constitutional issue", i.e., in the event of conflict between the will of the Crown and the decision of the College, which takes priority. As the Board of Directors at its January meeting has now decided that the College may not be compelled to register that which is in violation of its existing rules, this submission is now formally returned.

Eric Wulf of the Western Shores. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a wolf's pawprint gules. This is unfortunately in conflict with the badge for Artemas Maximus, passed in December, 1987 ("Or, a bear's pawprint gules."): no difference can be derived from the change in kind of pawprint.

Geddes ap Redmond. Name only. Unfortunately, this gentle appears to be one of the legion who have been lead astray over the years by Yclept (alas! a production of a former Dragon Herald and thereby having perhaps more renown than it deserves). Black shows "Geddes" as being a family name derived from a place name and other sources which attempt to derive the name from a given name fail to show clear documentation (and adduce it as a diminutive form in any case). Therefore, failing better evidence, we must conclude that "Geddes" is not acceptable for use as a given name in the Society. While Redmond is an Anglicised form of an Irish given name, Crescent is quite correct in stating that its use with the Welsh patronymic particle "ap" is inappropriate: Redmond by itself would be acceptable. Unfortunately, the submittor allows no changes whatsoever to his name.

Goswin Sterrenkijker van Sint Gillis Waas. Device. Pily counter-pily of nine pieces sable and argent, the points ending in mullets, four in chief, three in base. Unfortunately, Crescent is quite correct that this conflicts technically and visually with the mundane arms of Power ("Per fess indented sable and argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 700).

Greyhope, Shire of. Device. Azure, a tower argent, masoned sable, within a laurel wreath argent, all within a bordure compony sable and argent. Conflict with both the Shire of Myrtle Holt ("Azure, a myrtle tree eradicated within a laurel wreath argent, all within a bordure compony sable and argent.") and the Shire of Salt Keep ("Per bend azure and vert, a tower within a laurel wreath argent.").

Heather Elaine Hall of Dormanswell. Device. Argent, an owl statant to sinister sable, within a rustre azure. Visual conflict with the badge of Aureliane Rioghail ("Argent, within a mascle azure a gladiolus open and displayed Or, slipped and leaved proper.").

Kayley Piers. Name only. Reaney indicates (p. 62) that the documented family name form "Kayley" is derived from either Cailly in France or from Cayley in Lancashire. We would suggest he either retain his mundane name of "Kelly", use the Irish equivalent "Cellach" (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 48) or the similar sounding Irish name "Caolan" (ibid., p. 40).

Llew ap Nuada. Name only. The given name Llew has previously been ruled to be ineligible for use in the Society since it is the name of a Welsh demi-god. Although Nuadha has been used as the name of several ecclesiastics in period, it is best known as the name of the ancient Irish lord of the Otherworld, who appears in the early genealogies of many Irish noble families (much as Mars appeared in the genealogies of the Romans). Used in conjunction with the name of a Welsh demi-god with stars and a silver sword in the device, this is clearly not acceptable (one of the primary attributes of Nuadha Silverhand was a magical sword of great power).

Maynard O'Bleary. Name only. No documentation could be found to support the byname. We suggest that he consider the documented Irish name O'Leary or the Scottish name Blair.

Ricard of Sable Tree. Badge for House Sweartac. On a pheon inverted argent, a tree couped and blasted sable. As noted by Crescent, the primary charge depicted on the emblazon was not a pheon: a properly drawn pheon would not allow space for any rounded charge such as the blasted tree. Note that our Old English sources indicate that the household name is correctly formed.

Talymar gan y Lluwynn. Addition of designation of Holt Heorotes to already registered badge. Sable, a stag's head couped between in pale a plate within the stag's attire and a crescent argent. A substantial subset of the commentors found the druidic associations of the name, coupled with the badge, excessive. The Laurel staff did not find that a real problem but could not feel comfortable with the use of Heorot as a household name, whether it was used with "holt" (also a variant form for "hold") or "hus": Heorot was the hall built by Hrothgar which plays such a large part in Beowulf.

Thora Freydisdottir. Name only. Unfortunately, although this name probably does not overly offend the sensibilities of the College, Dragon is quite correct in noting that the grammar of the metronymic is incorrect and the name must be returned, since the submittor allows no changes whatsoever to the name.


Châtaignie the Meek. Name only. The letter of intent stated that the given name was a manufactured form composed of a French adjective meaning chestnut ("châtaigne") and a feminine name suffix "-ie", supposedly on the analogue of the period name "Blanche" to refer to the colour of the submittor's hair. Unfortunately, this just does not work linguistically. "Châtaigne" is not an adjective, as is "blanc/blanche", but rather a noun which refers to the nut itself. The feminine adjective form would be "châtaine" and, if one follows the analogy of "Blanche", no feminine suffix "-ie" would be added to this adjectival form. Thus the proper form would have to be "Châtaine" and, since "Châtain" is a documented period surname, it would then be necessary to show that this name was actually used in period. As it is, only one or two given names have been shown to be even probably derived from hair colour in period France (the only certain example is "Blanche") with the vast majority of such epithets remaining epithets or developing into family names.

Freygard Magnusdottir. Badge. A wolf's upper jawbone, the fang embrued and dripping, all proper. First of all, the persona story included on the letter of intent is irrelevant. Secondly, there is no true proper for bone: this would best be blazoned as argent. Thirdly and most importantly, this charge is basically unidentifiable for what it is, even at a close distance, and the badge cannot with reliability be reconstructed from any blazon that we could devise.

Lynna von Drachenberg. Name only. The given name was stated on the letter of intent to be a variant spelling of either Linda or Leonie. However, such sources as show Lynne indicate that it is a diminutive form of Linda or Lynnette, probably out of period, and in any case not eligible for use in the Society unless the diminutive can be documented as a separate form in period. We have not been able to do so. (Note that Lynnette is a Francophone version of Welsh "Eluned", not a diminutive form from Lynn.) Other forms which might produce "Lynna" derive from common nouns or topographics and therefore are not usable as given names (e.g., English "lynn", German "linne" or neo-Latin "Linnea").

Renna of Battersea. Badge. A harp bag erminois, lined vert, disgorging to sinister a wooden harp proper. After much consideration, we felt that the appeal must be denied. Although the badge has been modified since the original submission (a fact not mentioned on the letter of intent) so that the bag and harp lie on their sides instead of being inverted, the collocation of charges is still not clearly identifiable at a distance. While interesting, White Stag's theory that a scabbard or a quiver derive their identifiability from the items contained does not seem to be supported by the evidence, since both quivers and scabbards generally have a well-defined shape and both occur in heraldic and non-heraldic symbolism as separate entities. In this case, unlike the more generalized usage of a purse, which may legitimately have a number of different forms, the design depends on a specific form of harp bag, which is not reconstructible from the blazon. As Brachet (herself an expert harpist) has indicated, many forms of harp bag or case are possible, but the design depends on using this particular form. Unlike the quiver or the scabbard, the identifiability of this charge depends on the clear identification of the harp which is seriously diminished by its fesswise posture and the fact that a considerable part of the visible wooden harp, which is brown, lies on the vert lining. Note that the argument that some badges are not meant to be viewed at a distance and should not be considered for identification "across the field" is a red herring, as much as is the argument that "everyone knows whose badge this is so it is identifiable". We foster period heraldry which demands identifiability at a distance, not the "bookplate heraldry" of the Tudor period and later.

Wolf of Wexford. Device. Sable, on a bend sinister between a wolf's paw print and a torch enflamed Or, a billet, ends couped palewise, sable. Conflict with Gunnar Redbeard ("Sable, on a bend sinister between two torches Or, enflamed proper, a tower palewise azure, enflamed proper.").


Abertridwr, Canton of. Name only. There was a substantial feeling that this name conflicted by translation with the Barony of Three Rivers in Calontir. The problem of the Shire of Riversmeet (East) was also raised by several of the Laurel staff.

Diarmid O Lorcain. Change of device. Sable, a bordure erminois. The submittor appealed the return of this device by Vesper for conflict with the mundane arms of Bass ("Sable, a bordure argent.") and the submission of his alternate device to the College (it was registered in December, 1987). After much discussion, we cannot agree with the contention of Crux Australis that the change from argent to erminois is worth a major and a minor point since two distinct changes are made: this is not a change from one tincture to another with a further addition of charges but rather a change from one recognized heraldic tincture to another (that one of the tinctures is a fur is interesting but does not add extra difference).

Morgan Starbridge. Device. Azure, a gore sinister and in dexter chief a crescent beneath an arc of five mullets Or. This is just not period style. The unbalanced effect of the gore is only exaggerated by the visually complex arrangement of moon and stars scrunched into dexter chief.

Riverhaven, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Bridged Tower. Azure, two towers conjoined by a doubly arched bridge Or. Conflict with the mundane arms of Cassat ("Azure, a castle Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 364). Crescent was quite correct in mentioning the strong resemblance of the conjoint charge to a standard depiction of a castle: there is not the required difference here.

Seóan Seaxswain. Device. Per chevron argent and sable, an annulet counterchanged. Technically, this is in conflict with the mundane arms of Doolan ("Gyronny of eight sable and argent, an annulet counterchanged.", cited in Papworth, p. 4). All the examples in the Rules for Submission make it clear that the "automatic sufficient difference" for counterchange is intended to apply only between a plain field charged and a divided field with the same charge counterchanged along the line of division. In this case only the type of line of division is changed.

Sincgiefu Waerfaest. Name only. The submittor indicated that the given name was a constructed compound from Old English elements, but there are two problems with the name. Firstly, as has been discussed at length in the past, Old English did nor randomly pull elements from its linguistic resources for name construction: there was a fixed and rather restrictive pool of elements in use. "Giefu" was in that pool; there is no evidence that "sinc" was. Given that there is no evidence for the actual use of the name, we must also consider the fact that by the submittor's own evidence "sincgifu" is a common noun in Old English which means "a gift of treasure, a costly gift". Under NR10 therefore the name is not permissible: NR10a states "If a proposed name is found to be an existing word or name, it is treated as such and not considered 'made-up'". NR10 also states that ". . .common nouns may not be used as given names unless the submitter can prove to the College's satisfaction that that particular name was used as a given name in period" (italics ours).



Nicolas Alejandro del Otoño. Device. Purpure, a bend sinister vairy Or and gules between an acorn and a sun in splendour Or. On the letter of intent the bend was blazoned as vairy argent and gules. A "false" point count also led to confusion as to the tincture of the field (which is purpure). Therefore, the device is pended until the May meeting to allow adequate conflict checking.

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