23 APRIL XXII (1988)



Donald Armstrong. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Duncan MacConacher of Dunheath. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Duncan MacConacher na' Dunheath. As the remainder of the name is Anglicized, the Gaelic preposition na seemed decidedly out of place so the lingua franca preposition has been substituted.

Gerick Greyhawk. Device. Azure, a dexter gauntlet, appaumy and clenched, Or between two hawks wings conjoined argent, all within a bordure Or.

Kormak Ivanson. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Rolf Ivarsson. Name only.

Shadowlands, Shire of. Badge for the Artisan of the Shadowlands. Per pale azure and sable, a chevron Or between two hands in chevron, one sinister, one dexter, and a heart argent.


Arn Hold, Shire of. Badge. A hummingbird rising, wings elevated and addorsed, within a wreath of morning glories argent.

Caesaria Almy. Device. Per pale Or and argent, two doves addorsed and rising, wings elevated and addorsed, azure, in base a sprig of ivy fesswise vert.

Connor MacAulay. Name only.

Gareth the Wanderer. Name only.

Iduna Snorrisdottir. Name only. As Geirr Bassi gives two examples of "Idunn" used by humans in period, the given name would seem to be acceptable. However, in designing her device she should take care to avoid any allusion to the Norse goddess of the same name (e.g., apples).

Jocelyn Douglas of Fairfax. Change of name from Jocelyn of Fairfax.

Katerina Razin. Name and device. Vert, two bars wavy argent, overall a seahorse Or, armed and finned on the tail gules, within an orle of Catherine wheels counterchanged. This is rather busy. . .

Loch Salann, Barony of. Transfer of Badge for Apprentices of the Musician's Guild of Loch Salann from Anne de Junius. Gules, a rebec Or.

Loch Salann, Barony of. Transfer of Badge for Journeymen of the Musician's Guild of Loch Salann from Anne de Junius. Gules, a rebec within a bordure Or.

Loch Salann, Barony of. Transfer of Badge for Masters of the Musician's Guild of Loch Salann from Anne de Junius. Gules, a rebec within a bordure embattled Or.

Michael the Loud. Name and device. Per pall inverted gules, azure and Or, in pale a lion passant guardant Or and a Celtic cross gules.

Niniane Bethoc. Name only.

Randal Avery of the Mease. Name and badge. Gules, two swords in saltire, their hilts grasped by a gauntlet, surmounted by another palewise inverted, all three blades being fretted at the point of conjunction with the center link of a chain of three links fesswise Or.

Sikman the Stout. Name only.

Veorn Natthauk Ragnarsson. Name only. Geirr Bassi (p. 10) gives Veorn as a given name and "Natthauk" is the Old Norse formation for "nighthawk".


Alexis Vladescu von Nettesheim. Change of name from Alexis o Dhun Leomann and change of device. Sable, a gore argent, ermined gules, in sinister chief a mask of comedy and a mask of tragedy in bend argent. Her previous device ("Sable, a human-breasted tricorporate lioness, each tail barbed and nowed, and in chief an estoile of four greater and eight lesser points Or.") becomes a badge.

Angelina Nicollette de Beaumont. Change of name from Angelina Nicollette.

Antonia Leonora Dragonsrun de Beaumont. Change of name from Leonora Dragonsrun and badge (see returns for household name). Azure, bezanty, a pale champaine Or. Draw the bezants bigger!

Arwen Dafydd de Beaumont. Change of name from Arwen Mildthryth Dafydd.

Jehanne Eloise de la Mer. Name and device. Gules, two sea-unicorns addorsed and conjoined into a single tail Or.

John Bor Ox. Name only.

Natalya de Foix. Change of device. Sable, a lion couchant, its head a sun in splendour Or, in chief a ducal coronet argent. Her previously registered device ("Sable, a lion couchant, its head a sun in splendour Or.") becomes a badge.

Thomas of Billingham. Device. Per bend vert and argent, a compass star counterchanged and in sinister chief a griffin Or.


Adelaide the Grey. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron inverted cotised gules, a fleam argent.

Adrian Meddylgar. Name only.

Arianna Benyt. Name and device. Argent, a griffin gules and a domestic cat azure rampant addorsed, tails entwined, within a bordure gules. The name was submitted as Aerianna Benyt, with the given name cited as a variant of Arianna. Unfortunately, this is not linguistically valid as the initial "ae" derives from a completely different root word: ultimately this form is derived from classical Latin "aerius", meaning "of the air", a form which becomes "aerien" in late period French and "aerian" in seventeenth-century England. This being the case, we have modified the spelling of the name to the root form "Arianna".

Alena Oakwood of Nottingham. Name only.

Alicia Langland. Name and device. Argent, in saltire two gillyflowers gules, slipped and leaved vert, in base a closed book gules, clasped Or.

Althea die fast Unschuldige. Name and device. Purpure, a torse in annulo wreathed argent and vert, fretted with a flute bendwise sinister argent.

Anton von Hagenstein. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Artemas Maximus. Badge. Per pale indented ermine and counter-ermine, a bear's head cabossed per pale indented sable and argent.

Balthazar Thornguard. Badge. Sable, a sword inverted argent, the blade enflamed proper.

Barak Carthalo. Badge. Sable, a tricorporate seagoat, armed gules.

Brianna Healfseaxe. Name and device. Purpure, a phoenix Or, enflamed argent, on a chief Or, a seax purpure. Brianna has previously been accepted as " Society compatible". "Seaxe" is the proper noun for a Saxon (Hall, A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, p. 301). "Healf" is Old English for "half" and is well-documented as a compound element in such formations as "healfbrocen" (="half- broken"), "healffreo" (="half free"), "healfnacod" (="half- naked") and "healfscyldig" (="half-guilty").

Bronwyn Dawntreader. Device. Barry wavy azure and argent, a sea unicorn erect sable and on a chief argent three roses sable.

Cadhla MacBean. Name and device. Or, a thistle between three domestic cats courant in annulo, all with their paws to base, sable. The name was submitted as Kyla MacBean. Although the name was registered in 1985, based on its being a supposed "English phonetic form of Cadhla ", it was our opinion that this was an erroneous decision. While the pronunciation guide in O Corrain and Maguire indicates that "Cadhla" (p. 40) should be interpreted as being pronounced something like "kila", there is no evidence whatsoever that this form did evolve and every evidence that it is a feminine derivative from "Kyle" which has already been disallowed for Society use. Since the submittor allowed changes and seems to be interested in the sound of her name, we have modified the given name to the documented form.

Cailléne Morgan. Name and device. Vert, semy of escallops, a seahorse argent within a bordure embattled Or. The name was submitted as Kaylin Morgan, which was stated to be a "reasonable" form of "Keelin", an Anglicized form of "Caoilfhionn". However, the name is pronounced with a long "e" in the first syllable, rather than an "a" so this is not reasonable. Since the submittor's forms originally had "Callenn" as the given name, we felt justified in substituting the period given name "Cailléne", which is pronounced with an "a" in the initial syllable.

Caterine Ganivre Martin. Device. Argent, a saltire parted and fretted between in pale two martlets volant and in fess two quatrefoils purpure.

Catlin of Nithgaard. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a coney statant within an orle of mushrooms gules. The submission was made under the name Catlin Båkersdatter.

Catriona of Mountain Freehold. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Azure, a griffin passant to sinister guardant argent within a bordure invected argent, ermined azure. The submission was made under the name Catriona Liosliath of Dunideer.

Chelidon o Gaerddrych. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a hawk displayed alighting on a harp, a chief triangular argent. The name was submitted as Caledhaearn o'r Caerdrych. The manufactured name could not be supported as a period Welsh construction (the element "caled" was pulled from a nineteenth-century bardic cognomen). However, the submittor's forms indicated that what the submittor really wanted was a form like "Celidon" or "Caledon". In point of fact, "Chelidon" is a documented Latin name from the period of the Republic (the name of the heir of Verres who appears in the second of Cicero's Verrine Orations). As Brachet has noted, the proper form of the byname is "o Gaerddrych" since there should be "Caer" is feminine and causes mutation of "drych".

Colin Domhnall Douglas. Name only.

Dafydd Cyhoeddwr. Device. Per pale and per chevron purpure and argent, a mullet of nine points, between each pair of points a roundel, all counterchanged.

Danulf Donaldson. Name and device. Per chevron gules and argent, two coneys couchant addorsed and a dragon's gambe palewise erased counterchanged.

Dragon Forge, Canton of. Name only.

Eleonora Vittoria Alberti di Calabria. Device. Purpure, on a pile between four towers argent. a falcon, close and sinister facing, purpure.

Eleri of Brittany. Name only.

Eleri of Nefyn. Name and device. Sable, a demi female affronty issuant from a stump eradicated argent, maintaining a leaved staff bendwise Or.

Étienne de Lyons. Name and device. Azure, on a pale between two lions combattant and in chief two crosses flory argent, three fleurs-de-lys sable.

Fiona MacNeill. Name only. The name was submitted as Fiona MacNiall. Although this form is documented from Bardsley, it is far less common than "MacNeill", which derives from the usual genitive and is pronounced rather differently. This difference in pronunciation carries the name clear of that of Fiona MacNicol below.

Fiona MacNicol. Name and device. Bendy sinister sable and argent, a greyhound couchant to sinister reguardant gules.

Fionnbharr Reoch. Name only. The name was submitted as Fionnbharr mac Roech. As Compline has mentioned, no citation could be found in Dunkling's Scottish Christian Names to support the usage of "Roech" as a given name. In fact, on the basis of Black (s.v. "Reach", p. 685), with the vowels reversed it is a period surname from an epithet meaning "grizzled". This being the case, we have dropped the patronymic particle and emended the spelling to register the name.

Fionnghuala Siobhan nic an Chlerich. Name only.

Flaming Forge, Canton of. Release of name.

Frederick Dragonheart. Name only.

Giovanni Paulo Sbragia di Lucca. Name and device. Gules, a mortar with pestle and on a chief Or, three Latin crosses botonny gules. His mundane surname is "Sbragia".

Glenn of Sterlynge Vayle. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess Or and argent, a pointed arch sable, masoned of the field, between three oak leaves vert. The submission was made under the name Seppo Tamminen.

Gwilym ab Eifion. Change of device. Counter-ermine, an owl displayed guardant ermine. Traditionally, we have considered a fur a "tincture" for the purposes of counting difference so there is a major point for the plain counter-ermine field as opposed to the divided field on the device of Muhrenah Vasilanovna Romanovich, cited by Brachet ("Per pale ermine and counter-ermine, a barn owl striking affronty proper.").

Gwythyr Hartwing. Change of name from Gwythyr the Deerfollower and badge for House Hartwing. Gules, a winged sea-stag, sinister facing and guardant, Or.

Ifor Kyddy. Name only.

Isabel de Marmande. Device. Azure, two spoons in saltire Or and in chief a bell argent.

Letitia di Caserta. Name only.

Magdalena Geertruidis van den Oost. Name and device. Counter-ermine, a harpy displayed Or and on a base potenty gules, a serpent nowed Or. Please ask her to draw the ermine tails larger. Note that under the current rules the gules base on the counter-ermine field is legal.

Megan Gwendylon. Device. Gyronny gules and Or, a two-headed serpent erect, nowed palewise in a true lover's knot, the head to chief sinister facing, azure.

Michael Langley of Riversmeet. Change of name from Michael of Riversmeet.

Mitchell MacBain. Device. Gyronny sable and argent, a compass star within a bordure gules.

Mór ni Dhonnchaidh. Device. Argent, a thistle between three like thistles, all proper, within a bordure counter-compony purpure and Or. This blazon is somewhat clearer than "four thistles palewise in pall". In either case, period heraldry would make the center thistle larger so as to fill the middle of the shield.

Mustapha al-Muhaddith ibn al-Saqaat. Name only. The name was submitted as Mussttapha ibn al-Saqaat al- Muhaddith. No support whatsoever could be provided for the eccentric transliteration of the given name. Since his original submission used the accepted transliteration, we felt justified in restoring this. As he indicated that he wished changes to be made to give the meaning he wished, the bynames have been reversed: the submitted form would have made the epithet "al-Muhaddith" apply to his father. Note that he should be informed that "muhaddith" does not refer to a storyteller in the usual sense, but rather to one who narrated the acts of Mohammed or who was particularly learned in the traditions of the Prophet, i.e., who confined his storytelling to a religious context.

Oriana of Basingstoke. Name only.

Palladio Santèlli. Name and device. Azure, a sword palewise surmounted by two quills in saltire, on a chief Or, an eagle volant azure.

Randal Oakwood of Eastwood. Name and device. Per saltire sable and gules, an oak leaf palewise argent within a bordure argent, semy of acorns proper.

Rebecca Chadderton. Device. Per fess Or and argent, in pale three birds close in fess azure and three chevronels braced sable.

Rhiannon of Rowantree. Name only.

Rianna Whirlwind. Name only. There is no evidence to support the idea that "Rianna" is a valid variant of "Rhiannon". However, given the Irish masculine name "Rian"and the Hebrew name "Rinnah", this seems a reasonable "made-up" name.

Richard Eagle Eye. Badge for Household Dragon's Eyrie. Argent, in pale a wyvern erect, wings displayed and head to sinister, gules and a castle sable. The name was given on the letter of intent as Richard Eagleye. The registered form of the name is given above.

Richard Wymarc. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Rolf Gunnarson. Name only. The name was submitted as Rolf Gunnerson, with "Gunner" given as a variant of "Gunnar". Unfortunately, we could not substantiate this as a variant and, since it is a word in its own right, must consider that it makes an occupational surname ("Gunner") linked with a patronymic particle in a manner we have not been able to document.

Salvius Cygnus Aureus. Name and device. Azure, a swan naiant to sinister Or, in base two bars wavy argent, on a chief Or, two dice azure, spotted Or. Please ask him to draw the dice properly (i.e., not in trian aspect).

Sibyl of Dragon's Eyrie. Name and device. Argent, a catamount triply queued statant guardant and a chief dovetailed sable. The beastie was misblazoned as sejant on the letter of intent, but the letter of intent emblazon was correct.

Taevis MacBrighde. Name only. As is clear from the citation in Black (under MacTavish, p. 566) the given name is a form of Gaelic Tamhais found in Gaelic sources. (The "mh" is pronounced similarly to the "v" in "van" between vowels in Gaelic so the spelling is understandable.)

Theoden the Oarsman. Name and device. Per fess sable and gules, in saltire a sword inverted and an axe, all surmounted by an oar palewise, blade to chief, Or.

Tomas MacSeumas an Cèard. Device (see RETURNS for change of name). Per pale azure and argent, in fess two feathers palewise counterchanged.

Valery Eugenia Fitzgerald. Name only.

Wulf Darkstalker. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


An Dun Theine, Shire of. Name only. The name was submitted as An Dun Teine, Shire of. The evidence indicates that the second vowel should be aspirated.

Angus MacIndeor. Name only. Black (p. 516) documents the surname in period.

Artos Ancilis. Name only. The name was submitted as Artos Ancile with a note that the submittor wished the proper Latin for "of the Shield": we have therefore modified the name as the submittor desired. Note that, although "ancile" was generally used in Latin prose sources for the sacred shield that fell from heaven during the regal period and on which the prosperity of Rome was said to depend, several poets, including Vergil and Lucan, used the term more generally for the small oval shield use before the era of the legionary scutum.

Celenion Ffranges verch Cinnan. Name and device. Argent, a wyvern rampant to sinister, tail nowed, gules between its claws a mullet sable, all within a bordure chequy sable and argent. The name was appeared on the letter incorrectly as Celenion Ffranges verch Ciannan, but the forms and documentation indicate that this was a typo. Note that "verch" is a documented period spelling of the mutated form of "merch" (the "f" is pronounced as "v" in Welsh and therefore this is equivalent to the more common "ferch").

Felice Guenddoleu o Llangollen. Name and device. Or, a sprig vert between two piles inverted throughout in point, themselves between two mascles azure.

Fithir Gormlaith MacMurrough. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Fuiltigherne ni Ruadh O'Finn. Change of device. Gules, a wolf rampant argent, collared and chained Or, within a bordure chequy argent and azure. The beast was blazoned as "statant" on the letter of intent, but the posture was in fact "rampant" as noted by a number of commentors.

Gilliane of Donedan. Name and device. Argent, a cinquefoil purpure, in chief a sword fesswise reversed sable, all within an orle of mullets vert. Note that the form "Gilliane" is strongly supported as a period spelling of Gillian by the seal of Juliana, wife of Robert de Vendore whose seal bore the inscription "Sigill Giliane" (Reaney, p. 146). The Gaelic form of the name of Edinburgh is "Dun Eideann": modern spelling conventions render "dun" with the "u" in Gaelic and an "o" in Irish, but period spelling was not nearly as rigid in this respect so the formation "Donedan" seems more than reasonable.

Hakon Gunnarson. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Kedric Messerschmidt. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Keturah d'Oragefleur. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Louis Martel. Name and device. Argent, two hammers in saltire between in pale an estoile and on a point pointed engrailed gules an estoile argent.

Mary Greymane. Name only.

Ryan von Gunterburg. Change of name from Bryan of Crystal Keep. The Society precedent of Ryan of Rickford, cited in the letter of intent, is not relevant, but the evidence presented from MacLysaght's Surnames of Ireland (p. xvi- xvii) and O Corrain and Maguire (Irish Personal Names, p. 154) supports "Rían" as a period given name. The anglicized form Ryan used here would seem reasonable. The changes to the previously problematic byname are also acceptable. Sine Jamieson MacPhereson. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Sine Jaimeson MacPhereson. As the submittor's paperwork indicated that she wished the surname derived from the diminutive of James listed in Yonge (which is "Jamie") and documentation indicates that, unlike "Jamie", "Jaime" is not a Scots or English form in period, we have substituted the period Scots spelling "Jamieson".

James of Axemoor. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Or, a wolf rampant vert, a chief indented sable. The submission was made under the name Tannassan Fox.

Ulfin Einhard. Name only. "Ulfin" does not appear in the cited location in Yonge (perhaps there was some confusion with "Ulfhedinn" which is a different name). However, as there are documented forms "Wulfinus" and "Ulfinus" as variants of Wulfwinn in period Latin sources, the given name is reasonable. Several commentors questioned the documentation on "Einhard": while the derivation given may not be correct, this is a fine period Germanic name, in fact the name borne by Charlemagne's most famous biographer.

Ysan Layla. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


Berold Blackwolf de Gilbert. Name and device. Argent, a palm tree couped sable and in base between two Latin crosses fourchy, on a point entee fleury gules, a Latin cross fourchy argent. The name was submitted as Beryld Blackwolf de Gilbert with the notation that the given name was "formed on the out-of- period English feminine name 'Beryl', with a 'd' added to the end to make it masculine. The general consensus of commentary was that adding an undocumented suffix form to an out-of-period name does not make an acceptable Society name. Thus we have substituted the documented period English given name "Berold" which is nearly identical in spelling and pronunciation (see Withycombe, p. 42). The device hovers on the very cusp of non-period style.

Cerridwen ni Morna. Device. Argent, two unicorns combattant and on a point pointed sable, a harp Or. Unfortunately, White Stag's point count erred with regard on the difference between this device and that of Robert of the Mountains ("Per chevron Or and sable, two pegasi salient respectant and a tower counterchanged."). As noted on the letter of acceptance and return, visually the sable point on the field is identical to a field "per chevron abased" and thus no more than a minor point can be derived from this (not the major point for field tincture and another major for addition of the point). For the difference of type of the equine beasts no more than a single major point of difference can be derived and, as White Stag's own drawings show, there is virtually no difference in position between the beasts on the two devices. Finally, the difference in type between the harp and the tower is the only other difference that can be derived: you cannot gain a point for difference of type and tincture of secondary charge and another minor for addition of a tertiary as White Stag states. However, on the basis of the commentary in the College, we have been convinced that it is not inappropriate to give the submittor the benefit of the doubt on the cumulative effect of the accumulated minor points of difference which would carry this clear.

Citadel of the Southern Pass, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for name of Order of Companions of Thermopylae). Azure, a double-bitted axe argent between two piles inverted Or. Note that badges for orders are usually registered as simple armoury without specifying the shape of the field (i.e., without saying "on a roundel"): the method of display is up to the group involved.

Citadel of the Southern Pass, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Flos Australis. Azure, a sunflower slipped and leaved argent between two piles inverted Or.

Constance le Royer de la Tour. Badge. Azure, a tower argent issuant from a heart Or.

Diana of the Tulips. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Dimitri Nikolaivych Petrovoskyj. Name only.

Dragonsspine, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Dragon's Blood. Azure, goutty d'Or. As several commentors noted, the section in the rules limiting the change in type or tincture to a minor point when applied to a semy does not seem reasonable in view of the "Vasili iz Naitemneshoi Dollina Precedent" by which complete difference of charge can apply to armoury which consists solely of a field semy of identical charges. Under the precedent stated below, this badge would be clear of Winterbottom, cited on the letter of intent ("Azure, goutty d'eau."). PRECEDENT: In cases where two pieces of armoury consist solely of a field semy of charges, a major point of difference may be derived from a complete change of charge tincture or a major change in the type of charge.

Dragonsspine, Barony of. Name for Order of the Scales of Dragonsspine (see RETURNS for badge).

Elizabeth Demelza Félinnoir. Name and device. Or, a lion passant between two cinquefoils sable, all within an orle wavy sable.

Erasimierz Waspanieski. Change of name from Erasimierz Waspanieski Greyraven (see RETURNS for device).

Gareth of Gryphon's Nest. Name only. The name was submitted as Garth of Gryphon's Nest. As has been noted frequently before, Garth is not a period given name: it has been returned on these grounds on several occasions previously. As the submittor indicated that he wished to preserve the basic sound of the name, we have substituted the similarly pronounced period given name Gareth.

George MacRaibeart. Device. Or, a Latin cross patonce between in base two others gules, all within a bordure embattled vert.

Jakob van Groningen. Badge. A millrind fesswise sable, interlaced with a sword palewise inverted vert.

Jiliana Emlin. Name only. Contrary to the information on the letter of intent, Dunkling and Gosling do not actually cite Jiliana. However, Reaney (p. 146) cites "Giliana" (1198 and 1215) and "Jilianus" (1206) for Gillian so this formation would seem to be period.

Kimberly of the Darkwater. Name and device. Barry wavy azure and argent, a swan rousant sable, beaked and membered gules, and a gore sinister purpure. The submittor's mundane name is Kimberly. Her intent was clearly to have a field barry wavy, which is legal with the coloured charges used here, as the field azure with argent bars would not be. Please ask her to draw it properly.

Laeriel Fayrhale. Device. Per fess embattled argent and azure, a side counterchanged. There was almost universal agreement amongst the commentors that White Stag's lengthy appeal that a side and a dexter tierce should be counted completely differently ignored the visual reality and the current rules of difference in the Society. However, the point is moot since a letter of permission was enclosed for the conflict with Roy d'Oute ("Argent, the dexter tierce azure, in canton a wheel Or.").

Laura de la Choutte Dorée. Name and device. Per saltire azure and vert, an owl close to sinister and a cat sejant guardant, in base a point pointed issuant from an orle, all Or. The given name was submitted as Laural, which is not "made up", as cited on the letter of intent. Dunkling and Gosling cite Laural as a modern introduction. We have therefore used her almost identical mundane given name, which is period. The conjunction of the point pointed to the orle appears a trifle unusual, but Crescent has provided evidence that this is an acceptable usage.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Order of the Argent Hart. Name only.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Order of the Stag's Heart. Name only.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Release of badge for Office of Hospitaller. Gyronny from dexter chief Or and vert, a mug argent.

Philippa MacCallum. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Robert of Windkeep. Holding name and device. Per pale gules and sable, on a pall, nowy triangular throughout, argent a triangle per pale gules and sable. The submission was made under the name Robert aus den Nordlichten.

Robert of Windkeep. Badge. A pall couped, nowy triangular, gules, charged with a triangle of the tincture of the field.

Tammara Courtenay. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Wulfgar Fyrbeorn. Name and device. Per bend argent and azure, in bend sinister a Latin cross couped gules and two axes crossed in saltire surmounted by a torch argent, enflamed proper, all within a bordure counterchanged.


Ann of Hendon. Device. Argent, a hare sejant proper, on a chief azure three triangles Or (Lepus Europaeus).

Ann of Hendon. Badge. Azure, a loris pendant from a tree branch argent. The American Heritage Dictionary (p. 770) includes a marginal illustration of a loris which it defines as "any of several small, nocturnal primates of the genera Loris and Nycticebus, of tropical Asia, having dense, woolly fur, large eyes and a vestigial tail".

Ara Aradottir. Device. Or, a male ruby-throated hummingbird volant, wings elevated, proper, on a chief azure, three oak leaves bendwise sinister inverted Or (Archilachus colubris). The bird is predominantly green with a ruby throat and upper breast and a white lower breast.

Cara Angiola Boccacio. Change of name from Cara Boccacio. The name was submitted as Cara Angiola di Boccacio. Documentation was provided to support Angiola as the name of the wife of Lorenzo Scolari, who married in 1436. However, no documentation was provided to address the original reason for dropping the preposition from the family name: Boccaccio is not a place name, but a nickname (Italian for "grimace" or "funny-face") and, so far as we can determine, is not used with a preposition.

Cateline de la Mor. Name and device. Or, a Catherine wheel vert, on a chief azure three frets Or.

Demetrius Sethero Eleom Potamo. Device. Azure, on a pale argent between in chief two crosses couped Or, in pale a sealion, erect and sinister facing, sable and a cross couped azure.

Elizabeth Bruce MacDonald. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Elinwy Corbin. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Elonwy ab Corbin. As the submittor allowed changes to her name, the given name was modified to the documented period form "Elinwy". The letter of intent erroneously stated that "ab" was "the feminine form for 'of the family of'": it is in fact a masculine patronymic in the form used before vowels and, as such, is inappropriate before "Corbin". Therefore, it has been dropped.

Genevieve LaRousse. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Gerbert Faber de Rouen. Name and device. Argent, in saltire a smith's hammer and a pair of tongs, in base a square anvil sable.

James Malcolm Helme. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Jamieson Malcolm Helme. By the submittor's own documentation, Jamieson existed in period only as a surname, so we have modified the name to is radical form.

Jeanlouis Pépin de Namûr. Name and device. Purpure, masoned Or, on a bend sinister Or, three fleurs-de-lys palewise gules. DOD 4.A.1.f. specifically uses masoning as an example of a field treatment which produces a major point of difference from a plain field of the same underlying tincture. In this case the changes to the tertiary charges fulfill the requirements for a major point of difference as outlined in DR10 so this is clear of Gwynffd of Ogg ("Purpure, on a bend sinister Or, a blackbird perching on a log sable holding in its beak an annulet gules.").

Michael Kennethson. Device. Gyronny of six per pale argent and gules, a hexagon sable within a bordure counterchanged.

Michael Kennethson. Badge. Per pale azure and argent, on a fess between four mullets, two and two, three mullets, all counterchanged.

Natalija Varvara Stoianova. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Natalija Varenka Stoianov. As "Varenka" is the diminutive form from "Varvara" we have replaced it with the original form. The byname has been modified to the feminine form in "-ova".

Shire of the Ruins. Device. Argent, a phoenix rising gules, enflamed Or, issuant from a tower fracted palewise, within a laurel wreath sable.

Sara Anna Tudinsdottir. Change of name from holding name of Trudy Tudinsdottir (see RETURNS for badge). The name was submitted as Saranna Tudinsdottir. As no evidence was given for this coalescence in period and all sources show this as a relatively modern (probably nineteenth century) formation, we have substituted the two component names as the submittor specifically allowed on her forms.

Sine Immey. Device. Per bend purpure and argent, a butterfly bendwise, wings addorsed Or and two strawberry leaves in bend vert. This was passed at the March, 1987, meeting, having been pended from the December, 1986, meeting, but was omitted from the letter of acceptance and return.

Vincent Garnock. Name only (see RETURNS for device). As Compline notes, the surname is not constructed, as the submittor believed, but is in fact a period Scots surname (Black, p. 289).

Zubayda of Blackthorn. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a lotus in profile purpure within an annulet, embattled on the outside, gules, between in chief two falcons close aspectant azure. The submission was made under the name Zubayda bint-al- Saffah.


Alastriona nic Choinnich o Ghlean Carron. Change of name from Alison MacKenzie of Glen Carron.

Allyshia, Barony of. Badge. Azure, a sea-lion erect to sinister Or.

Andrew Silverhill. Change of name from Douglas Andrews of Berwick and badge. Argent, a chevron rompu within a bordure azure.

Anton the Fair. Change of name from Arnulf of Asgeirgaard.

Chad Bitor. Change of device. Argent, on a mullet of six points gules, a hexagon fesswise throughout argent, all within a bordure purpure. His old device ("Or, on a mullet of eight points gules a hexagon throughout Or, all within a bordure purpure.") becomes a badge.

Encinal, Riding of. Device. Argent, a hurst of oak trees proper within a laurel wreath vert, on a chief argent, three crescents Or.

Eric Bjarnarson. Name and device. Argent, a bear rampant and a bordure invected gules.

Erich Wilhelm von Falkenheim. Name and device. Per fess Or and vert, a falcon's head erased to sinister sable and a triple-towered castle argent.

Erick Blackgate. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a great helm facing to sinister and an anvil counterchanged.

Ian Leslie of Kilgairen. Name only.

Jacques du Bar sur le Loup. Name and device. Azure, two scarpes wavy between a wolf's head cabossed and a fleur-de-lys argent.

James of Sherborne. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Kane Greymane. Device. Sable, in pale two lions couchant Or, crined argent.

Olwyn Gwallt Coch. Name only.

Rachel MacIain. Change of name from Irena of Lightstone and change of device. Azure, a wingless dragon involved around a carnation between in pale two carnations, all argent. Her previous device is released ("Vert, an axe bendwise Or within a mullet of six points voided argent between three roses Or.").

Rayne Louveciennes. Change of device. Argent, on a cross fleury purpure, a rose argent. She releases her previous device ("Tierced en pointe sable, argent and gules, two unicorns combattant counterchanged and a quill inverted argent.").

Robert de Fécamp. Name and device. Gules, on a bend Or between two pegasi segreant argent, three crescents gules.

West, Kingdom of. Title for Golden Peach Pursuivant.



Aeruin na Cantairechet Sreagan. Device. Per pale sable and Or, two dragons combattant counterchanged, collared gules. There is a conflict with Milo FitzLyon, cited on the letter of intent ("Per pale Or and sable, two dragons combattant between two bars embattled to base counterchanged."): the addition of the collars is not a significant enough visual detail to add the minor point needed to clear this technically and the visual echo is very strong. Brachet is also correct in stating that this also infringes on Aaron Elvenspeed ("Per pale vert and Or, two dragons serpentine combattant counterchanged.").

Donald Armstrong. Device. Sable, in saltire two poignards inverted, surmounted by a rapier inverted, all within an orle argent. We were compelled to agree with Crescent and other commentors who felt that the difference between the types of bladed weapon was a distinction rather than a difference and a distinction that would not have been made normally in period heraldry. There is also a conflict with Agelos Evienece, cited by Brachet ("Sable, in pale a wolf's head caboshed and two swords in saltire within an orle argent.").

Duncan MacConacher of Dunheath. Device. Argent, on a saltire azure between four pheons inverted sable, a caltrap Or. Conflict with the flag of Nova Scotia ("Argent, a saltire azure charged with an inescutcheon of Scotland."). In some cases, the inescutcheon is totally on the saltire, some cases it "surmounts" it (i.e., laps slightly onto the field). However, as a territorial flag, it deserves extra protection against infringement and it is doubtful whether the difference between the Or caltrap and the predominantly Or inescutcheon is adequate to provide a full major point as is required here to give two major points of difference.

Ivar Skalagrim. Name only. There was considerable feeling in the College that "Skallagrim" was a unique epithet referring to the father of the Egil of the Egil's Saga. Grim Kveldulfsson became bald at an unusually young age and so became known as "Bald Grim" or "Skallagrim". Perhaps he could be interested in a similar period epithet from Geirr Bassi, such as "Skalaglamm"?

Kormak Ivanson. Device. Argent, a dragon rampant gules, maintaining a poleaxe sable. Conflict with Minamoto Akataro, cited on the letter of intent ("Argent, a dragon rampant vert, holding in the dexter forepaw a Latin cross trefly Or."). It also conflicts with Leif Thorvaldsson, cited by Crux Australis ("Argent, a bend sinister sable, surmounted by a dragon salient gules, maintaining a double-bitted axe sable.").

Rognvaldr Buask. Change of name from Rognvaldr the Finn and device. Per chevron argent and sable, a chevron gules, in chief two hammers in chevron sable, in base and surmounting the chevron a mullet of ten points argent. Pedantic language lesson: the reflexive is not passive: it is the voice of the verb which indicates that the subject of the verb is acting upon himself (herself/itself). Thus, even were "buask" a participle, it would not generally mean prepared, but rather "preparing himself" or "having prepared himself". In fact, however, by the submittor's own documentation and the entry under "busk" in the OED which derives busk from an assimilated reflexive "bua-sk", this is not a participle but a normal verb. Therefore, this must be considered not a name, but rather a sentence: "Rognvald prepares himself". Moreover, the examples in the material provided by the submittor suggest that this usage is generally used with an accompanying modifier (usually a prepositional phrase) which indicates for what the individual is preparing himself. This device is not period style: the mullet overlapping the entire bottom half of the shield, including the ordinary is eccentric to say the least.

Thordis Hakonardottir. Change of name from Freydis Hakonardottir. This name has already been returned in August, 1984, for conflict with Thora Hakonsdottir, approved earlier in the same month (at a different meeting). The name with Freydis was later resubmitted to resolve the problem. The submission has therefore been withdrawn at Star's request.


Catrin of Llanbadarn. Device. Azure, on a plate three bayleaves palewise in fess vert, all within a bordure engrailed charged with four lozenges vert. AR10.d.: "To avoid the appearance of arms of pretense, certain charges within armory may themselves be charged with no more than one tertiary charge. . . Examples, include inescutcheons, lozenges, cartouches, roundels, etc."

William FitzWallace. Change of name from William of Artemisia. The name is in direct conflict with William Wallace, the Scots hero mentioned on the letter of intent.


Antonia Leonora Dragonsrun de Beaumont. Name for Chateau de Beaumont. There is no doubt in our mind that this qualifies both as a famous surname and a famous placename. The family of the Vicomtes de Beaumont (direct descendants of John de Brienne, Emperor of Constantinople) played significant roles not only in French history but also in English: Louis de Beaumont was Bishop of Durham in the first third of the fourteenth century and Henry de Beaumont who served in the Scots Wars under Edward I and became first Baron Beaumont. Indeed, even today this title, derived from Beaumont in Maine, is held by the Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal of England.


Anton von Hagenstein. Device. Per bend sable and argent, a cross patty argent and in bend three roses gules, all within a bordure counterchanged. Conflict with Guillym Avery of Royse, cited on the letter of intent ("Per bend sable and argent, a mushroom erased argent, and three cinquefoils in bend abased gules, pierced Or."): the change in type of the charge in chief is simply not visually enough to carry this clear, even taken with the addition of the bordure.

Arnulf Adler. Badge. An eagle displayed, wings inverted, Or, semy-de-lis sable, perced on a sword fesswise proper. The current rules are quite clear in stating that a semy on a charge (as opposed to a field) constitutes tertiary charges (see DoD Definitions). Thus only a minor point of difference can be technically derived from the addition of the semy here and the original conflicts still stand. Moreover, as Brachet has pointed out, this now conflicts visually with Lyde ("Azure, an eagle displayed double-headed erminois.").

Catlin Båkersdatter. Name only. There are several problems with the byname. As Compline has noted, there is significant doubt about the use of occupational surnames formed with the feminine patronymic particle in period Scandinavian languages and the submission gives no evidence to support this. Even were this not the case, however, there would be linguistic problems. Prior to the orthographic reforms of 1917, Norwegian did not use the Swedish å (Marm and Sommerfelt, Norwegian: A practical course for beginners and students, p. xii). The Swedish form for "baker" appears to be "bagare" and "daughter" is "dotter". As best we can determine, the Old Norse form would have been "bakaradottir".

Catriona Liosliath of Dunideer. Name only. Unfortunately, the fact that the name was registered previously in the Society is more or less irrelevant with regard to "Liosliath": at the time when the name of Liosliath of Donnelly was registered (1975), the forms did not even have a space for name documentation! Leslie is derived from the lands of the Barony of Leslie. As early as the end of the twelfth century, the lands of "Lesslyn" were the subject of a land grant. Black (p. 425) shows spellings of "Leslie", "Lescelye", "Lesallyn", "Lechelyn", "Lecelin", "Leslei", "Lesli", "Lesly", "Lessely" and "Loussily", but nothing like "Liosliath". We could not find the place name cited. The linguistic evidence from Gaelic provided by Brigantia might support an Englished form "Dundeer", but not "Dunideer". Under Dundower in Black (p. 229), were able to find similar sounding placenames like "Dunidouir"and "Dundener". Although she gave permission for changes to her name, we felt too uncertain to make changes to her name. However, she might wish to consider a simpler version of the name using the documented surname forms and one of the documented place names.

Munemasa Kosenpu. Name and device. Sable, on a delf argent, an origami dragon, wings displayed, sable. Unfortunately, the Japanese experts in the College are all agreed that "Kosenpu" is not a properly formed Japanese given name. Apparently, it might be the sort of nom-de-guerre adopted for publicity purposes by a sumo wrestler (like the Western "Tornado"), but is not supported. "Kazunbu" was suggested by one commentor as a similar sounding personal name. There is also some question about the legitimacy of "Munemasa" as a family name: O'Neill (p. 269) shows it only as a given name and both the letter of intent and the submittor's documentation notes give only the single name for the period individual cited (i.e., it could be his given name). It was the consensus of the commentors that the origami dragon was not an identifiable charge (and several asked why the submittor did not use an Oriental dragon as the basis of the charge, if he wished a mon).

Richard Wymarc. Device. Counter-ermine, a pall gules. This conflicts by outline with Morgan Blackshield ("Pean, a pall Or.")

Seppo Tamminen. Name only. As the letter of intent noted, the given name could not be documented in Finnish before the modern era. As it does exist in Italian and German as a diminutive for Joseph (Giuseppi), the suspicion is that it is a recent import. The byname is properly formed grammatically, although there was considerable doubt whether in period one would have used "the oaks" as a place name of origin.

Tomas MacSeumus an Tincearra. Change of name from Tomas MacSeumas an Cèard. The forms and the letter of intent indicated that the submittor wished to change the byname to mean "tinker". However, no documentation was provided to support "Tincearra" as a Gaelic term for "tinker". On the contrary, according to Mac & Mac (p. 587), the primary term for a tinker in Gaelic is his currently registered byname "cèard".

William Blackhart. Name only. This is in direct conflict with William Blackheart, registered by the East in September, 1985.

Wulf Darkstalker. Device. Per pale and per bend gules and sable, a lion sejant to sinister Or and a wolf sejant argent. As Brachet correctly noted, this is not quarterly "within the meaning of the act" and thus is no entitled to the exemption granted quarterly under AR2.a. against the ban on fields party of two colours. In this case, where the lion obscures so much of the field, it is particularly difficult to determine the nature of the non-standard field division.


Adendra Marlan. Name and device. Sable, a ferret statant argent, orbed vert, in chief a compass star, its greater rays wavy and an increscent argent. The given name was stated to be manufactured as a feminine variant form of Aidan. Unfortunately, not only is the formation not really plausible in terms of Irish name formation, it is actually an existing feminine Greek adjective which means "treeless" and thus is not permissible for registration under NR10a ("If a proposed name is found to be an existing word or name, it is treated as such, and not considered 'made-up'.") Perhaps the lady could be persuaded to consider the documented form "Edana"? The derivation given for the surname is not linguistically valid, but since "Marland" is documented as a family name, this would be a reasonable variant. The device runs afoul of AR6c which bans the use of three or more different types of device in an arrangement which might be regarded as a group: in the usual period arrangement of three charges, two and one, the lower charge is considerably larger in order to fill the area of the shield, as is the case here.

Falada of Englewood. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron inverted vert, platy, in chief three English ivy leaves in pall inverted vert . We greatly regret having to return this submission, but we fear that all issues raised in the original returns have not been addressed by the appeal. As noted the question of allusion to "Bambi" is now moot, but the linguistic issues have not been truly addressed. Since "Fallada" has been documented as a surname, the given name cannot be treated as "made-up" and therefore must be demonstrated to be a period given name. The submittor has clearly shown "Valada" to be a period given name in Spanish. Unfortunately, the very documentation provided with the submission indicates that the initial "f" and "v" do not interchange in Spanish as they would have to here. Where the alternation does occur (as in Welsh and Greek, for instance) this is usually between vowels. In the case of Spanish, the weight of the evidence is that the alternation would be between "f" and "b" (as in Stefanos and Esteban): if a modification of "Valada" were to occur, one suspects that it would be to "Balada". As the lady was extremely adamant about any changes to her name (that no changes would be allowed was indicated at least four times on the forms we received), we felt unable to assign a holding name, although the device seemed acceptable.

Fithir Gormlaith MacMurrough. Device. Vert, three pallets argent, on a chief vert four feathers argent. What was drawn was not paly, as blazoned on the letter of intent, but rather three argent pallets on a vert field, leaving the vert chief floating on the vert field.

Gwenivere Perreal Smythe. Device. Per fess pean and argent, in pale a pegasus couchant reguardant, wings elevated and addorsed, argent and a branch of roses gules, slipped and leaved vert, the two linked by a demi-annulet of chain azure. The name was not new, as stated on the letter of intent: it was registered in February, 1986. The use of the demi-annulet of chain to link two disparate charges across a divided field is not period style. Additionally, in this case it is almost an invisible charge: the links of the chain disappear against the black field and, while the azure on an argent field in theory ought to be visible, in practise the links are nearly indistinguishable from the foliage.

Hakon Gunnarson. Device. Or, two flaunches ermine, overall a hop cone vert. There are two stylistic problems here: the lack of contrast between the flaunches and the field and the fact that the hop cone overlies the flaunches. Ermine is not neutral in Society heraldry and may not be placed on a metallic field (AR1d). Moreover, it was ruled some five years ago that flaunches should not be surmounted by charges (Wilhelm von Schlussel, April, 1983) and we see no reason to reverse that ruling.

Iron Mountain, Barony of. Change of device. Gules, on a pale argent, a Danish war axe reversed within a laurel wreath vert, on a canton sable, fimbriated argent, three mullets in fess argent. This submission points out many of the problems which occur when a "modern" canton of augmentation is added to a period-style device without consideration for the overall design. The confusion manifested by some senior members of the College as to the design intended (i.e., was the laurel wreath being moved onto the pale, as the blazon suggested) demonstrates that this does not really meet the canons of period style. Without getting into the question of the poor contrast laurel wreath vert which lies almost entirely on the gules field (it is grandfathered), the placement of the canton further reduces the identifiability of the wreath. The "bordure" about the canton of augmentation is clearly there only to avoid breaking tincture and ill succeeds for it is so small as to be nearly invisible at any distance and in any other context would be decried as "thin line heraldry". This is only accentuated by the fact that the sinister side of the canton fades into the pale. Finally, even for an augmentation this adds an unacceptable level of complexity since the charged canton is placed on top of a charge overall making the canton itself the fourth and fifth layer of the design.

Kedric Messerschmidt. Device. Gules, three piles conjoined in pall argent, each charged with a mullet sable. As Brachet pointed out, this is in conflict with Stefan of Naught ("Gules, three piles issuant from sinister throughout in point argent, each charged to sinister with a mullet of seven points sable."): no matter how drastic the change, you can only get a major point of difference for the position change of the primary charges and there is at best a weak minor for the change of type in the tertiary.

Keturah d'Oragefleur. Name and device. Vert, on a lozenge throughout sable, fimbriated, within the horns of a decrescent a unicorn lodged, all argent, and in base a goutte de sang, fimbriated argent. There was a general sense in the College that this was definitely too complex. In particular, the excessive use of fimbriation was cited as a non-period feature of the device: the lozenge throughout is equivalent to "vetu" and that should never be fimbriated.

Oreta Heinemann. Device. Azure, in chief four tablet-weaving cards argent, each threaded with four threads palewise Or. There was virtual unanimity among the commentors that this was "thin line heraldry" and, as such, should be returned. Concern was also expressed as to the identifiability of the tablet-weaving cards: several people thought them to be dice before reading the blazon.

Sine Jamieson MacPhereson. Device. Vert, on a chevron Or between an ostrich feather fesswise and a phoenix argent, enflamed proper, three pheons sable. Conflict with Kemys ("Vert, on a chevron Or, three pheons sable.").

Tannassan Fox. Name only. Unfortunately, the proposed given name is, in sound and to a slightly lesser extent spelling, actually a patronymic formed in the Old Norse manner from "Tanni" as cited on the letter of intent. Tanni Fox would be just fine, this is not.

Wulfric Peveral. Device. Sable, a wolf rampant and in dexter chief a Jerusalem cross argent. Conflict with Louis ("Sable, a wolf rampant argent."). Note that the name was stated to have passed in October, 1985. We could find no trace of a folder nor of it in the cited letter of acceptance and return. The name seems acceptable, since Wulfric is a documented period given name and "Peveral" has been used as a surname back to the twelfth century according to Reaney (p. 271), but it must be submitted to the College for commentary.

Ysan Layla. Device. Argent, on a pall sable, an owl displayed argent. Although Alison von Markheim has kindly given permission for this to conflict with her registered device ("Argent, on a pall engrailed seven mullets argent."), this still conflicts with the badge of Matthias Sicco von Hagen ("Argent, a pall voided sable."). [Irreverent -- and possibly irreligious -- comment from the meeting: "Athena crucified!"]


Beatrix von Wertenberg. Device. Sable, a saltire gules, fimbriated argent, overall a lion queue forchy rampant to sinister Or. Unfortunately, White Stag's appeal of the original return for conflict with Brak of the Eagle's Eyrie ("Sable, a saltire gules, fimbriated and overall an eagle's sinister wing argent.") is based on a misconception. The fimbriated saltire is not a field treatment as indicated on the letter of intent which refers to the lion and the wing as "principal charges overlying a treated field". The primary charge in both cases is the fimbriated saltire. While the charge overall certainly has significant visual weight, the addition or change of a charge overall to a pre-existing coat is a recognized form of indicating cadency (see the examples in Gayre, Heraldic Cadency, chapters XIV and XV) so the modifications to the charge overall should not be sufficient in and of themselves to establish difference between two coats. Were the field in fact a simply treated field (e.g., sable, masoned Or), not only two full major points of difference for type and tincture of charge but also complete difference of charge could be claimed. In this case, however, both device appear to be first degree cadency from "Sable, a saltire gules, fimbriated argent." and suggest that Brak and Beatrix are "brother and sister". The beautifully coloured exemplars from White Stag only make that visual infringement more striking.

Bran map Lludd o Bannauc. Name and device. Argent, three triangles, voided and conjoined one and two, azure. While Brachet has noted that both Bran and Lludd may have been used by humans in period and Bran the Blessed was not the son of Lludd, the relationships seemed just too strong. Bran is the grandson of Beli and Lludd is the son of Beli and apparently Bran's maternal uncle (the geneological material at the beginning of the tale of Branwen in the Mabinogion makes it clear that Bran's mother Penarddun was the daughter of Beli). Both are stated to be kings of the island and Bran is specifically stated to have been "raised to the throne of London", implying that he was directly or indirectly Lludd's heir. Note as well that the locative would have to mutate to " o Pannauc". The device is "thin line heraldry" and at least one member of the College was perturbed by the "three in one" significance of the conjoined triangles.

Brynach MacCallum. Badge. Azure, a bear's head erased argent, wearing a three-horned fool's cap gules, doubled vert, belled Or. In this badge the hat is not merely "artistic detail", but rather a major portion of the design. As a result, gules and vert cap must be considered colour on colour. We would suggest his making the cap entirely "lozengy gules and Or", as the motley was in his device.

Catalina de Almería y Tiermas. Device. Sable, a fly agaric mushroom proper between four escallops Or (Amanita muscaria). After all the discussion, we have to agree with Crescent that the primary criterion for determining whether a charge proper has sufficient contrast is the visibility of the portion of the charge which identifies it. In this case, this is the cap of the mushroom which is the typical identifier of the fly agaric mushroom (while Laurel is violently allergic to fungi herself, she has done some mushroom gathering!). By the same token, in the case of Hieronymus the Sarabite, cited on the letter of intent, the same mushroom, enflamed Or, was returned for insufficient contrast because the stem faded entirely into the Or flames, making it difficult to identify the charge as a mushroom at all (as opposed to a poorly drawn gules center to a conventional flame proper). In any case, White Stag errs in stating that "complete difference of charge" should be accorded two different types of mushroom proper: unless the tinctures are completely different only a weak minor point could be derived. In this case, that cannot be done since the mushroom on the device of William MacBruithin the Wilde is gules ("Sable, a sharpened wooden stake bendwise sinister surmounted by a mushroom proper.").

Citadel of the Southern Pass, Barony of. Name for Order of Companions of Thermopylae. We were compelled to agree with Vesper and the other members of the College who found this name presumptuous.

Diedre of the Wilds. Badge. Upon a quatrefoil saltirewise gules, barbed vert, a chalice Or. Conflict with Catzius ("Argent, a rose gules, seeded Or, barbed vert.", as cited in Papworth, p. 889): no more than a weak minor can be derived from the difference between the goblet Or and the seeding Or.

Diana of the Tulips. Device. Azure, a fess of lozenges conjoined in fess, alternately argent and Or, between a compass star Or and a seal naiant to sinister argent. As far as the commentors could determine, the alternate colouration of the lozenges in fess, as well as their exceeding small size, are not period style. Try a fess of larger lozenges in one tincture.

Dragonsspine, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Scales of Dragonsspine. Azure, two scalene triangles voided and interlaced in saltire Or. It was the consensus of the commentors that the primary charge was visually not two triangles, but a heavy-duty paperclip (appropriate for a service award, but. . .) As Brachet commented, the scalene triangle is not a "defined shape" and it certainly is not a period heraldic charge.

Erasimierz Waspanieski. Device. Or, crusilly conjoined countervoided sable. In his eloquent appeal, White Stag has demonstrated that the design element indeed existed in period, but not that it is appropriate for period heraldry. Note that the use of period design elements in Society heraldry is not mandated but rather allowed on a case-by-case basis. For such usages to be accepted, they must have a single identifiable form and must be compatible with period heraldic style. While White Stag's arguments raise "reasonable doubt" on the latter issue, there is not doubt that this design fails on the former count: no one single design could be derived from any blazon we could concoct to represent this.

Erasimierz Waspanieski. Badge. A mandrake's head eradicated vert, fructed and bound about the neck by a cord Or, jessant a cross crosslet fitchy quadrate, the limbs quadrate and quarterpierced gules. White Stag addressed much energy to the discussion of the mandrake in period art and heraldry, but did not adequately address the issue of conflict with John of Woodwose Hall ("Argent, a man's head couped affronty, crowned with leaves and antlers, all vert."). As Brachet has noted, the situation is directly analogous to that of a beast's head jessant-de-lys, which is considered to be a charge in and of itself which is a modification of the beast's head generally worth a minor point of difference. Thus this badge differs at most by a two minor points of difference from John's device: a minor for the changes in the depiction of the head and another minor for the partial tincture change.

Gareth of Gryphon's Nest. Device. Argent, a griffin segreant to sinister gules and on a gusset sable a griffin segreant Or. White Stag nobly attempted to justify the unusual background as a "sinister tierce per pall" which is a distinctly neologistic construction. This could be considered an improperly drawn gusset and, for the sake of clarity, we have so blazoned. We were compelled to agree not only with the commentors who felt this was not period style but also with those commentors who saw this as in conflict with the device of Ysabeau Cameron ("Per pale Or and gules, to hippogriffs combattant counterchanged.").

Konrad von Greifswald. Device. Pily bendy gules and argent, an escarbuncle sable. White Stag errs in referring to the field as involving a field treatment: from the examples cited, there is only a major point of difference for the field. This is clear from #3 in DT1 (where Field 1 is Plain Tincture X and Field 2 is Party Y and Z). Thus, the submission still conflicts with Mandeville ("Quarterly Or and gules, an escarbuncle sable."), Apifer ("Or, an escarbuncle sable.") and Bothor ("Argent, an escarbuncle sable."), all cited on the letter of intent.

Mael Mardane. Name only. On the letter of intent, White Stag suggested that "Mael" might be derived from Irish "Maol". According to O Corrain and Maguire, "Mael" is indeed a variant spelling for "Maol", but in Irish and Gaelic this word is like "Gille" and seems always to be linked to a modifier (e.g., "Mael Colum", "Mael Duin", "Mael Isu", "Mael Muad", "Mael Muire", etc.). However, Brachet indicates that the form also exists alone as an element in period Welsh, noting five citations in Bartrum. However, "Mardane" just cannot be linguistically twisted in any way to represent "Dane of Mar". As the submittor stated he wished the sound to be preserved, we did not feel justified in substituting the similar surname of place "Marsden" or even "Marden".

Nicole de Saint Clair. Device. Or, four pallets gules, overall a saltire counterchanged. Unfortunately, it was the consensus of the commentors that this is in conflict with the arms of Aragon cited on the letter of intent ("Or, four pallets gules."). Only a major point of difference can be derived from the addition of the saltire overall; no extra difference can be derived from tincture between something and nothing. AR 18b, which grants automatic sufficient difference from mundane arms for the addition of the primary charge, does not apply here, since the saltire is added over an already charged field (Aragon is not "uncharged" as White Stag stated).

Otagiri Tatsuzo. Blazon correction. Argent, three ken and three dragon's scales conjoined in annulo, pointing outwards, within a bordure embattled, all sable. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Outlands, Crown Prince of. Device. Vert, a stag salient argent, attired, unguled and gorged with a Saxon crown, all within a bordure embattled Or, overall a label argent. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Outlands, Crown Princess of. Device. Vert, a hind salient argent, unguled and gorged with a Saxon crown Or, between three doves rising, wings elevated and addorsed, argent, beaked and membered, all within an orle embattled on the inner edge Or. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Badge for Award of the Protector of the Queen's Heart. A cup hilt rapier inverted proper, overall on a heart gules ensigned of a stag's attire proper crowned with a Saxon crown, a rose Or, barbed and seeded proper. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Badge for King's Bard. A trefoil argent, surmounted in base by a harp Or, all within a stag's attire proper. Not only is this badge overly complex, as a number of commentors noted, it combines metallic and coloured charges in a manner prohibited by AR 13b.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Badge for Queen's Bard. A rose Or, slipped and leaved vert, surmounted in base by a harp Or, all within a stag's attire proper. Not only is this badge overly complex, as a number of commentors noted, it combines metallic and coloured charges in a manner prohibited by AR 13b.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Badge for The Venerable Guard. A sword inverted palewise between two others in pile, all proper and issuant from a demi-trefoil vert itself issuant from a torse wreathes vert and Or, the trefoil charged with a rose Or. As the convoluted blazon suggests, this is too complex for a badge: six different charges of four types. Additionally, it is clearly designed to be a crest, as White Stag himself notes, and we do not register crests for Society use.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Change of badge for Order of the Promise of the Outlands. A fawn's head argent, budding and issuant from a torse of roses Or, barbed and seeded proper. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Change of badge. Vert, a stag salient argent, attired, unguled and within a bordure embattled Or. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Change of device. Vert, a stag salient argent, attired, unguled and within a laurel wreath, in chief a Saxon crown, all within a bordure embattled Or. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Outlands, Queen of. Change of device. Vert, a hind salient, unguled and in chief a Saxon crown within a wreath of roses, lying as on a bordure, Or. Withdrawn at the request of White Stag.

Philippa MacCallum. Device. Plumetty Or and gules, a horse's head couped argent, maintaining in its mouth a ring Or. There was general agreement in the College that there exists a conflict with the mundane arms of Marsh ("Gules, a horse's head couped argent."). Although included in the blazon because of its significance to the submittor, the ring is not heraldically significant.

Robert aus den Nordlichten. Name only. As several of the commentors noted, you cannot be "from the Northern Lights", as this would imply more than human status.

Shindea von Velden. Name only. Note that this name is not a new name, as stated on the letter of intent, but rather a resubmission from the lady whose name was returned as "Shindea de Jilbear". The "documentation" offered here conflicts with the justification offered at that time, when the given name was judged inappropriate for Society use. In this case, White Stag errs since the initial letter of "Cynthos", as applied to the goddess or used in forming "Cynthia" in Latin is not a sigma as given on the letter of intent, but rather a kappa. Thus the initial letter of the name would never have come across into Hebrew as "shin". In fact, were you seeking a Greek pronunciation similar to that offered for "Shindea", you would wish "sun dea" (dialect for "with the goddess") which would hardly be a given name. While it is true that a number of Greek names were transliterated into Biblical Hebrew, the pronunciations of the original sounds were retained if those sounds were available in Hebrew: thus "Cynthia" would not have produced "Shindea". The plausibility of the name decreases still farther when you add the German element to this elaborate persona story (for "Shindea" does not represent a really valid German transliteration from either Greek or Hebrew.

Tammara Courtenay. Device. Azure, a crab tergiant between four quatrefoils Or. This device was originally returned for conflict with Lydia Oenothera ("Azure, four quatrefoils in cross Or, each charged with a cross couped gules."). As has been commented on more than one occasion in the past, "visual conflict" is a one-way street: a device may be clear technically, yet come into conflict visually, but a device that conflicts technically may not be cleared of conflict solely because of apparent visual disparities. The rules are quite clear that sufficient difference from the addition or deletion of the principal charge or charges only between Society and mundane entities: this is exactly the case noted in DOD 4.A.4.a. where a single major point of difference is said to lie between "Argent, a chevron gules between three lozenges azure." and Argent, three lozenges azure." The addition of the tertiaries on Lydia's device only adds a minor point of difference so that there is still a clear conflict under our current rules.

William the Navigator. Device. Per fess indented argent and azure, two dolphins naiant per fess in annulo counterchanged. In this case, we had to agree that it was doubtful whether a full point of difference should be granted for the difference between the partition line indented and the wavy of Theron de Chenay ("Per fess wavy argent and azure, five bottle-nosed dolphins embowed in annulo counterchanged."). Certainly, a comparison of the emblazons suggests a visual conflict.


Elizabeth Bruce MacDonald. Device. Sable, a two-towered castle between two unicorns combattant argent. Conflict with Anne of the White Tower ("Sable, a tower argent."): at the most, a minor point of difference can be derived from the modification of the building.

Elinwy Corbin. Device. Purpure, in base a lymphad Or between two piles issuant from base purpure, fimbriated argent. There were several stylistic problems with this device, all relating to the piles. Blazoned with two piles, they were neither truly voided nor truly fimbriated and, in either case, constituted "thin line heraldry". Had there been truly four piles, properly drawn, this would probably been acceptable and would have been definitely clear of the Barony of Bryn Madoc ("Purpure, a lymphad with flag and banners flying Or, sails unfurled and oars in action argent, within a laurel wreath Or."), since the piles would visually have been the primary charges.

Genevieve LaRousse. Device. Sable, a harp ensigned with a unicorn's head, on a chief argent an estoile sable. It was the consensus of opinion in the College that in the tertiary position the visual difference between a compass star and an estoile was too weak to carry this clear of Elendeer ni Khilhilt, as cited on the letter of intent ("Sable, a sword inverted, and on a chief argent, a compass star sable."). Increasing the number of estoiles or modifying the tincture would resolve the difficulty, assuming no new conflicts.

Ilaysaidh ni Dughlass. Name and device. Sable, a pall hummetty, each arm terminating in a unicorn's head and the upper arms elongated and fretted, argent, all within a bordure ermine. No documentation was given for the unusual forms used in the name and none could be provided by the College. "Ilaysaidh" is not a valid variant form of the Gaelic Ealasaid. Moreover, "Dubhghlas", as it is more properly spelled, is not used with the patronymic form in Gaelic, since it is a family name derived from a place. As several commentors noted, the use of "Douglas" as a given name is derivative from the family name and occurs only at the very end of our period and, so far as we can tell, only in non-Gaelic- speaking contexts. There was general agreement that the involved pall not only violated the ancient ban on knotwork, but could not be reconstructed from the blazon, ingenious as it was.

James Malcolm Helme. Device. Argent, on a pale between two lions combattant sable, a human skull pierced palewise by a sword proper. There is a technical conflict with Balthazar Thornguard, cited on the letter of intent ("Argent, on a long cross throughout between in base two lions combattant sable, a sword inverted argent, enflamed proper."): no difference can be derived from the slight movement of the lions towards the bottom of the shield, since this is directly derived from the change in type of primary charge. This also runs into problems with Cedric fils de Guillaume ("Argent, on a pale sable between a drawstring bag azure and a Latin cross gules, a sword argent.").

Natalija Varvara Stoianova. Device. Vert, on a bend sinister Or, two dragonflies sable. Conflict with Cruser the Ranger ("Vert, on a bend sinister Or, a star of Davide between two mullets of six points gules."): no more than a major point of difference may be derived from changes to tertiaries alone.

Otto Botticher von Spreebruek. Device. Argent, a mullet of seven points, voided Or and interlaced. Conflict with the badge of Tiriel benn Loring ("Argent, a mullet of seven points purpure."): the changes here are all essentially of tincture and should not produce more than a single major point of difference.

Sara Anna Tudinsdottir. Badge. On a heart argent, a rose sable. Since no difference can be derived from the field this conflicts with the badge of Solondra Carryl ("Sable, a heart argent") and the device of Anna Gertrude Leonhardt ("Azure, on a heart argent, a lion rampant azure.")

Terrel mac Magnus. Name and device. Quarterly Or and gules, a bow, drawn and nocked of a sword fesswise, counterchanged. The submittor indicated that the given name was "made up", but it is not: according to Reaney (p.350), it is a period surname. The device does, as Lymphad suspected, run afoul of the ban on counterchanging long, thin objects along their long axis.

Vincent Garnock. Device. Sable, a bend sinister between in bend two natural lightning flashes bendwise sinister and a scorpion inverted argent. There are multiple problems with the device. Natural lightning flashes have been banned from use in the Society for many years now. It also conflicts with Ewan the Mad Wanderer ("Sable, a bend sinister between Celtic cross and a unicorn's head couped reversed, all argent."), Peregrine Ignatius Dominic Augustine Doran ("Sable, a bend sinister between a Latin cross and a Greek Orthodox cross, all argent.") and Tedrick von Wolfshatten ("Sable, a bend sinister between three compass stars and a wolf rampant argent.").

Zubayda bint-al-Saffah. Name only. As the submittor's documentation itself indicates, the byname "al-Saffah" ("the Bloodshedder") is closely associated with the first of the Abbasid caliphs, who apparently applied the name to himself on the occasion when he was proclaimed caliph in reference to his intentional and extremely efficient extermination of virtually all of the Ummayids. While Star is correct in asserting that theoretically others could adopt that byname, the fact is that it is so closely associated with this individual in common usage (particularly outside the Arabic world) that its use here will be interpreted as a claim to be this caliph's daughter.


James of Sherborne. Device. Argent, on a bend sinister gules between two mullets of four points sable, an arrow inverted Or. Conflict with Kathryn Dhil Lorriel, cited on the letter of intent ("Argent, on a bend sinister gules, cotised sable, a Lady Banks rose proper."). It is clear from mundane ordinaries and period armorial treatises that cotises are indeed regarded as secondary charges, rather than merely a variation in the line of the ordinary: thus only one point of difference is derived from changing the cotises to mullets.

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