Aine Muirne nic Ruadháin. Name and device. Azure, a natural dolphin bendwise embowed between in pale two compass stars Or. The name was submitted as Aine Muirne nic Rowan. There was some considerable debate at the Symposium as to whether proper usage demanded a modification of the name with "nic" to a Gaelic form or whether in late sixteenth century usage it could be used with an anglicized form. There is no doubt that anglicized Scots usage in the sixteenth century commonly used "Rowan" without the patronymic particle (Black, p. 702). However, the issue is somewhat moot since the submittor's forms indicate her original submission, which was returned at Kingdom level, tried for the totally Gaelic form, although it was misspelled (and presumably returned for that reason). Note that the citation in Withycombe for "Muirne" cited on the letter of intent does not indicate whether the name is a period usage. It is: it was the given name of the mother of Finn mac Cumaill (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 142).

Alexandros Dietrich vom Einhornwald. Name only.

Arabella Radcliffe. Change of name from Layla of Shadowwoods and change of device. Azure, ermined argent, three estoiles in pale Or. Given the traditional depiction of the mullet of six points in the Society, we felt that there was at least a minor point of difference from an estoile when primary charges were involved. Therefore, this is clear of the arms of Mörike, cited by Crescent ("Azure, in pale three mullets of six points Or.")

Berengaria of the Wode. Name only.

Daria de Tabriz. Device. Azure, a fess, enarched and embattled, Or, masoned sable, in chief a cubit arm fesswise proper, vested Or, maintaining a quill pen bendwise sinister argent.

Daria de Tabriz. Badge. Azure, a cubit arm fesswise proper, vested Or, maintaining a quill pen bendwise sinister argent.

Ian of Shadowlands. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Or, in pale two claymores in saltire gules and a tower, all within a bordure sable. The submission was made under the name Ian MacGregor.

Ivan von Kleist. Name and badge. Argent, a compass star azure between three ships sailing to sinister sable.

Kieran O'Donnchadha. Change of name from Kieran ni Dhonnchadha. The submittor wished to change the registered form of the name to the masculine form which indeed was used for females in many documents in the sixteenth century (as the English turned the patronymic into a family name, properly so-called).

Raven of Firefall. Name and device. Plummetty azure and argent, a fireball sable, enflamed gules, within a bordure Or.


Alaric Kelson Palamon. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name elements used caused severe Deryni twitches among the members of the College, but in and of themselves seemed to be acceptable.

Alan MacMillan. Badge for House Green Stag. Erminois, a winged stag salient to sinister vert. The submittor's name appeared on the letter of intent as Allen MacMillan, but the registered form of the given name is Alan.

Alessondra Chisholm. Name and device. Per chevron Or and sable, a boar statant and a rose, slipped and leaved, counterchanged. Please ask the submittor to draw the foliage on the rose properly: the leaves on the emblazon sheet resembled tulip foliage rather than rose leaves (natural or heraldic).

Angrim the Unreasonable. Name only (see RETURNS for device). We suspect that he really wanted Arngrim, which apparently never drops the "r" sound, although it can drop the "n". However, since the substitution of "n" for "s" in the protheme "As" of Norse names in England and Normandy is well-attested, although rare, we felt this form was a reasonable variant of "Asgrim".

Aquila Jessica Grace. Name and device. Purpure, a bend ermine between a seahorse erect and a dolphin haurient Or. The name was submitted as Aquilanne Jessica Grace. The supposed Latin given name "Aquilina" upon which the construct was stated to be based appears in the index to Yonge, but not actually on the page to which that index refers. There is no evidence that the Latin adjective "aquilina" which means "pertaining to an eagle" was ever used as a given name so constructing a form terminating in "anne", which is not documented as a Latin (or English) given name suffix in period does not seem reasonable. However, "Aquila", while it is also a common noun and Roman cognomen, appears as the name of a Hellenized Jew in the New Testament and therefore may be used as a given name. (Note that Withycombe seems to indicate that there is no evidence of its use for women before the late eighteenth century [p. 29].)

Artemisia, Principality of. Name and device. Sable, on a pile between two gryphons combattant, each maintaining an arrow, Or, a laurel wreath sable. There was considerable concern amongst the College about the choice of name. It is extremely unfortunate that the College was put into the position of deciding whether the name would be acceptable or not only after the first Coronet Tourney had been held, particularly since problems with the name had previously been pointed out in conjunction with the submission of a badge for the Artemisian Games. It was the feeling of a number of senior members of the College that this name was not in fact completely free of conflict with the classical Artemisian waters which were the site of one of the two most famous sea-battles of the Persian Wars. This battle, which was strategically linked to the siege at Thermopylae, caused severe losses to the Persian fleet but was an ultimate loss for the Greek alliance. While the Principality may have sagebrush in mind, the allusion here is unmistakable for the classically educated, the more so since the gryphon, symbol of Persia, plays so large a role in the arms. Laurel has, however, been persuaded that in this case perhaps her classical sensitivities are more acute than those of the Society at large, but not without a distinct twinge at this usage.

Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon. Change of device. Or, goutty de sang, a two-headed dragon sejant affronty, wings displayed, heads addorsed, azure, gorged with a ducal coronet Or. This adds the ducal coronet to his previously registered arms.

Britta Jonasdotter. Name only.

Cecilia di Firenze. Name and device. Gules, two recorders in saltire and on a chief wavy Or, three crosses couped gules. The preposition appeared on the letter of intent as "de", but the forms had the correct Italian form "di".

Curlew of Drogheala. Release of badge. Per fess azure and argent, a lion passant vert and argent, fimbriated sable.

Curlew of Drogheala. Release of badge. Gules, a hangman's noose pendant Or.

Damon Hawke. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Geoffrey Athos von Ulm. Badge. Gules, a dolphin embowed urinant within a bordure argent.

Gilbert Bertram de Harfleur. Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and gules, on a bend sinister sable, fimbriated, between two calla lily flowers argent, a calla lily flower argent. Please draw the fimbriation a lot more boldly.

Gisèle de la Rose Blanche. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

James the Wise. Name only.

Kameyama Kengoro. Badge. Argent, the kanji shu within a Japanese well frame sable. Crescent has raised the question of whether this kanji, which has a meaning of one in authority, a lord, a master or an employer is presumptuous. Since neither Monsho nor Dolphin felt that this was a problem, we considered that the use of this kanji, which is not associated with a particular reserved rank, is acceptable.

Laetitia Lynne. Name and device. Azure, on a triangle throughout, indented on its lower edge, argent, a western bluebird volant proper (Sialia mexicana). Note that the bird is blue with a red breast.

Louis Pelissier. Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and Or, in bend a heart and a frog salient to sinister within a bordure invected, all counterchanged.

Lyonel Oliver Grace. Name and device. Pean, an angel statant affronty within a bordure Or.

Marguerite des Baux. Device. Azure, a yale passant to sinister argent, spotted gules, maintaining in its mouth a daisy, slipped and leaved, proper, and on a chief gules, three daisy flowers proper.

Michael the Lucky of Lancaster. Badge. Per pale gules and sable, a winged mountain lion courant bendwise sinister to base, wings elevated and addorsed, Or.

Mikhail the Varangian. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Mikhail of Varangia, with the submittor providing a popular article on the Varangian Guard (from Tournaments Illuminated?) as proof that Varangia was the Swedish name for Scandinavia. Unfortunately, this is not true. The form "Varangian" seems to have always been an adjective form, used to describe certain bands of Northmen. It appears to be a Greek assimilation from the Old Norse form "Væringi", meaning oath-sworn. As he allowed changes to his name, we have modified it to the nearest possible form.

Renate Gabrielle Grossvogel von Ramsau. Name and device. Quarterly azure and argent, in bend two cats sejant, dexter forepaws raised, argent. The name was submitted as Renate Gabrielle Granvogl von Ramsau with the note that she wished the family name to mean "big bird". Since "Gran" does not mean large in German, but refers to a pharmacist's "grain", we have corrected the form to the meaning she desired.

Rhiannon ferch Llyr. Change of name from Rhiannon ap Llyr (see RETURNS for change of device). Her name was registered originally in 1973, when we were all more innocent and less learned than we are today. It would not pass today. However, it is our feeling that the name as such is grandfathered and the change to make it more grammatical is "offence neutral".

Rosamunde de Tournai. Name and device. Argent, a coney rampant and on a dexter side sable, three mullets of six points in pale argent.

Ruth Wayne of the Green Hills. Name and device. Pean, in pale a domestic cat dormant to sinister and a moon in its complement argent.

Sean the Wounded. Change of name from holding name Sean of Burning Sands.

Tera Dragonstaff. Badge. Gyronny sable and gules, a winged mountain lion courant bendwise sinister to base, wings elevated and addorsed, Or. Note that she is lady to Michael the Lucky of Lancaster above. With permission to conflict, only a minor point of difference is currently required between Society badges and this is provided by the difference in the line of division of the low contrast fields. However, we cannot but feel that it would have been more prudent for them to have registered a joint badge, since the populace will inevitably confuse the two anyway. . .

Wulfhere Forloren. Change of name from Wulfgar der Verlorene and device. Sable, in fess two dolphins, haurient embowed and sinister facing, argent. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Vulfhere Farlioran. However, the forms had the more usual given name in "W". After some serious wrestling with Hall's Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, Mitchell and Robinson's Guide to Old English and the complexities of Verner's Law, we have determined that the proper past participle for "forleosan" is "forloren". The submittor should be reminded that the meaning of this form in Old English is less the "forgotten" that the former German form of his name held than the "destroyed".


Alienora na Coille. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Alienora an Coille. However, the noun "coille" is feminine and therefore requires the feminine form of the genitive singular adjective. This form will give the meaning "of the wood" which is what the submittor indicated on her forms that she desired. If she in fact wishes "of the woods", as the letter of intent indicated, the Gaelic would be "nan Coilltean".

Black Diamond, Barony of. Name for Order of the Polished Mirror.

Black Diamond, Barony of. Name for Order of the Silver Chalice. This created a number of grail twitches amongst the Laurel staff, but . . .

Colin ap Talan. Name only. While the recent popularity of the name "Talan" may derive from its use in a "Swords and Sorcery" movie, it is a period given name. Brachet has cited several instances from period Welsh sources and it also appears in the Bodmin Manumissions, one of the prime sources for early mediaeval Cornish names.

Constantine Nikephorus Akrites. Name and device. Per chevron azure and argent, an eagle displayed, wings inverted and head to sinister, and in chief two roses, all counterchanged. White Stag was not the only member of the College to have significant qualms about the conjunction of three of the most famous royal/heroic names from Byzantine history and the double headed eagle. However, the name is technically legitimate (he might want to be very careful to avoid imperial allusions in his garb).

Derbhiled ni Liadhnáin. Name only. The name was submitted as Derbhiled ni Liadhnan. As the submittor allowed, we have modified the patronymic to the genitive form.

Elaine Wroth. Name only (see RETURNS for device and badge).

Godfrey of Inwood. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Godric Fletcher. Name only.

Jeanmaire Ilaria Beatrice du Domremy. Change of name from Jeanmaire Perna du Domremy.

Karl Adler der Reisender. Name and device. Lozengy gules and Or, on a pale sable, a dexter gauntlet appaumy argent.

Katharine Campbell. Spelling Correction and device. Per bend dovetailed argent and vert, a dove migrant bendwise azure and a sprig of mint Or. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Katherine Campbell and this is the way it had previously been registered in March, 1988. However, a check of the submittor's forms indicated that she wished the equally legitimate form in "a" so we have modified the spelling.

Katheryn MacEvin. Name only.

Matthew Lieurance. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale argent and sable, a phoenix between three mullets compass stars, all counterchanged. The submission was made under the name of Matthew Arnaut. We have substituted his mundane last name to form the holding name, as requested.

Nils Olafsson. Change of name from Nikolaus Joseph von Silbernsee.

Otto the Obscure. Name and device. Sable, a mullet of four greater and four lesser points, on a chief Or, a spear fesswise sable.

Rognvald Stuttskeggr. Name and device. Gules, a sea-lion, erect and sinister facing, Or, maned and finned argent, a chief enarched ermine. The name was submitted as Rognvald Short-beard. The submittor indicated that he would like the Norse form for the byname, if possible. On the analogy of "kolskeggr" (= "Blackbeard"), the Norse byname would be as given above.

Sean Baird. Name only.

Thorvard Assa. Change of name from Joseph of Windhover's Reach. The letter of intent attempted to "compound" the given name from elements in Geirr Bassi. This is not necessary since Geirr Bassi cites the name itself (in the Norse form "Thorvardr") as occurring nine times in the Landnámabók. The byname means "eagle" and also appears in Geirr Bassi (p. 19).

Timothy of Nordheim. Badge. Per fess gules and sable, a double-bitted axe argent.

Tir-y-don, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Whelk. Gyronny argent and azure, a whelk, bell in chief, Or.

William Ranulf le Broc. Name only.


Agnes of Ilford. Badge. Gules, a triple tressure Or.

Antara al-Aqrab. Change of device. Sable, a lion couchant guardant Or between two mullets in pale, all within a bordure dovetailed argent. She releases her previous device ("Sable, a lion dormant Or, between two mullets and a scorpion argent.")

Calafia, Barony of. Name for Order of Leodamas.

Caradoc Danyllson of Botley Grange. Name and device. Per pale, Or and sable, a bear and a lion combattant counterchanged, a chief triangular chequy sable and Or. Withycombe (p. 79) cites "Danyll" as a variant of Daniel which appears in Poll Tax records for 1379.

Carynsa Leland of Roseberry. Change of name from Carynsa Leland of Roseberry Topping.

Catarina della Zimarra. Badge. Sable, a fleur-de-lys within the horns of a crescent Or.

David Kinnard MacAilean. Name only.

Elfreda Hollowhill. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Eric du Marne. Name only.

Flavius Valerius Verus. Name and device. Sable, two eagles rampant combattant Or and a dove displayed argent. Several commentors questioned the appropriateness of the cognomen, but one Lucius Aurelius Verus was co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius in the second century so it has an impeccable pedigree.

Guinevere of Wulfhold. Name only.

Harald of Madmarch. Name and device. Quarterly sable and vert, a coney rampant to sinister within a bordure engrailed argent.

Hisako the Black Heron. Name only.

Kendrick Lagerfeld. Device. Per pale sable and azure, on a bezant within a bordure argent, a compass star throughout gules.

Kieran Songsmith. Name and device. Sable, a hawk volant to sinister maintaining in its talons a harp, on sinister chief a mullet argent. Please ask the submittor to draw the mullet bigger and be certain that the bird is actually volant (there was some discussion of the precise posture of the bird and many felt it bordered on "trian aspect").

Lothar Wulfeson. Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and argent, three bendlets azure, overall a wolf's head cabossed sable, all within a bordure azure.

Megwynne Seonaid of Loch Lomond. Name only (see RETURNS for device). In the case of Megwen Rhys-Gwynedd in December, 1987, the "made-up" name was returned for incorrect construction. ("The given name was stated on the letter of intent to be a Welsh variant of Margaret and the documentation provided by the submittor included an elaborate persona story to support a derivation from the English diminutive 'Meg' with the Welsh adjective 'Gwyn'. Unfortunately, this is not the way Welsh names were formed.") In conjunction with the current submission Brachet has noted that Selten cites the reconstructed form "Mægwynn" as the Old English form of the documented name "Maywen". Linguistically reconstructed names are usually dicey resources for documentation of actual forms, but in this case the protheme "mæg" is documented as an Old English common noun meaning "relative" or "kinsman" (Hall, Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, p. 224). Note that in the case of Megwen Rhys-Gwynedd there were other difficulties with the name and she allowed no changes whatsoever so that there can be no "automatic" reconsideration of the return on new evidence.

Morgan Selwyn d'Arc. Name only.

Peter Hertz. Name only. The name was submitted as Peter das Hertz. Mulch in Arnburger Personnennamen (p. 383) cites an example of the byname with this spelling from 1491, but none of the names which he shows which referred to physical characteristics or "body parts" used an article.

Robin Stryker Fortunatus. Name only. The use of the Latin byname is permissible, although a bit odd here.

Sigrlin Ravnsdottir. Name only. Although it was not indicated in the letter of intent or clearly in the submittor's documentation, the given name is cognate with the name Sieglinde and in fact is used for the same character in version of the Nibelung material that appears in the Eddas. The particular source leaves something to be desired, but Geirr Bassi does in fact show one name with the protheme "sigr" ("Sigrhaddr") and two feminine names which end in "-in", one of which ("Kathlin") is like this one of foreign origin.

Thomas O'Maoilriain. Name and device. Argent, a rhinoceros rampant sable between in chief two roses, barbed and seeded, proper. Although there was much commentary on the (possibly largely East-of-the-Rockies) slang term "rhino hide", the device is acceptable. (Although he probably should be warned to bring an alternate shield to Pennsic!)

Ulrich Eichenschild of Prussia. Name only.

Ygraine of Calafia. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Purpure, a bouquet of three daffodils Or within a bordure nebuly argent. The submission was made under the name of Ygraine o Caerllion Fawr.


Alicia Langland. Blazon correction. Argent, in saltire two gillyflowers gules, slipped and leaved vert, in base a closed book palewise gules, clasped Or. The orientation of the book was omitted when the device was registered in April, 1988.

Barak Carthalo. Blazon correction. Sable, a tricorporate seagoat Or, armed gules. When this was accepted in April, 1988, the tincture of the seagoat was omitted from the blazon.

Brianna Healfseaxe. Blazon correction. Purpure, a phoenix Or, enflamed argent, on a chief Or, a seax reversed, blade to chief, purpure. The orientation of the sword was omitted when the device was registered in April, 1988.

Cigfran o Gaer Walch. Blazon correction. Per bend sinister vert and argent, a hand appaumy bendwise inverted argent and a raven rising to sinister sable. When the device was registerd in September, 1987, the precise position of the hand was incorrectly stated.

Elaine Courtenay. Spelling correction. When her name was registered in May, 1988, the surname appeared in the erroneous spelling taken from the letter of intent: "Courtney". It should have had the equally valid form given on her paperwork.

Trahaearn ap Ieuan. Spelling correction. The third "a" was accidentally omitted from the given name when it was registered in May, 1988.


Aine Attecruche. Name only. The byname appears in Reaney (Dictionary of British Surnames, p. 89) and refers to someone who lives near a cross.

Constanza Consuela Ximena de Valencia. Name only.

Courtnay Lettice de Varnay. Device. Per pale Or and purpure, fretty overall counterchanged, on a chief per pale purpure and Or, two nag's heads erased aspectant, all counterchanged.

Eloise Fleurette de Meun. Name only.

Francesco Alberti. Name and device. Pean, a lily, slipped and leaved, within a bordure argent.

Frederick of the South Downs. Name and device. Gules, a bow, sinister facing and fully drawn with an arrow, between four Frankish axes in annulo, blades inward, argent. Please ask him to draw the axes more identifiably: one person who saw the secondaries as depicted on the emblazon sheet mistook them for maunches.

Gisela Kientzheim von Drachenwald. Device. Vert, a Chinese dragon statant regardant to sinister, tail coward, between in pale two Jack in the Pulpit flowers affronty Or. We have indicated the posture of the tail since we assume that the submittor specified it intentionally to reinforce the Drachenwald allusion (the subject of the posture of the tail on the Drachenwald dragon was a very touchy issue a few years back!).

Gustav Emile der Dunkele Rotvogel. Name and device. Gules, four martlets in cross and on a chief embattled Or three goblets gules. The name was submitted as Gustav Emile der Dunkle Rot Vogel. German would generally coalesce the red and bird (as it does in "red deer"). The adjective "dunkel" has been inflected as required after the article.

Henri des Montagnes. Name only.

Ingrid of Whitecliff. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Jora Ericsdatter. Name only.

Lysandra Xantha. Name and device. Per saltire and per fess vert and Or, in pale a goblet argent and a swan naiant sable. The name was submitted as Lysandra Xanthos. Since the submittor is herself is feminine and wishes to use the female form of the given name in a properly formed Greek name, we have modified the adjective to agree in gender, i.e. to be feminine nominative singular.

Mary Angelina O'Brian. Change of name from Angela O'Brian.

Pycard Dunstable. Name only (see RETURNS for device). Note that, although Picard is a geographic adjective, the name Pickard or Pickardus is also documented as a given name as early as 1208 (Reaney, Dictionary of British Surnames, p. 272).

Saxus of Arunshire. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). Azure, on a pale between in chief two tau crosses, in base a swallow migrant to chief gules.

Shawn Taliesin. Device. Vert, a chevron embattled to base between two trefoils slipped argent and a sword palewise inverted Or.

Simon Karlsson. Device. Per saltire gules and sable, a gryphon segreant to sinister within a bordure Or.

Stephanie of Ean Airgead. Device. Gules, a dove migrant to chief and on a chief embattled argent, three tulips gules. This is a nice piece of "feudal cadency": the arms of John of Ean Airgead are "Vert, a chimney swift migrant to chief argent" and the visual echo is clear.

Stephanie of Nethyrwode. Name only.


Albert the Artesian. Name and device. Per bend argent and vert, semy of swords argent, in sinister chief a warwagon bendwise proper. Note that the term Artesian originally referred only to a person or thing from Artois in France. The common usage for Artesian wells derives from the prevalence of those sort of wells in the Artois.

Amelie d'Anjou. Badge. Or, a fleur-de-lys vert between two pallets azure.

Aralynn Ruth Bowfourt of Rockingham. Name only.

Ayesha of the Flowing Sands. Change of name from holding name of Ayesha of Caer Anterth.

Dagmar Ulricstochter Grimmheld. Name only. The name was submitted as Dagmar Grimmheld Ulricsdattir. Since she is the daughter of Ulric Grimmheld (whose German name is already registered), we have modified the name to a totally German form of the patronymic.

Eduard Halidai. Name and device. Per chevron purpure and argent, two butter churns and a cow salient counterchanged.

Eirik Hrafnsson. Name only.

Godfrey Thacker of Northumberland. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Gunther Schwarzbär. Name and device. Or, a bear's paw palewise appaumy sable maintaining two maces fesswise, handles to center, surmounted by another mace palewise, all gules. The name was submitted as Gunther Schwartzbär. The correct spelling for black in German is "schwarz".

Ingirid of Thanet. Name only. The Norse form "Ingiridr" is cited by von Feilitzen in Pre-Conquest Names from Domesday Book (p. 298).

James Ainsley. Name and device. Gules, a chevron inverted Or, overall an owl, both within an orle of daisies argent. Please ask the submittor to draw the owl in a proper close guardant posture, rather than the vaguely trian aspect shown on the emblazon.

Jenet of Asher Tor. Name only.

John de Somerville. Name and badge (see RETURNS for device and household name). Per bend indented sable and argent, a lozenge counterchanged.

Judith von Ankum. Name only.

Lancelin Peregrinus. Badge. Four tilting lances fretted sable.

Mortaugh Tyrrie. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Myles Blackwolf. Personal name and badge for House Stonehelm. Per chevron argent and azure, two fleurs-de-lys and a tower, all within a bordure counterchanged.

Owain of the March of the Unicorn. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, an anchor vert and a chief counter-ermine. The submission was made under the name of Owain ap Gruffydd gan Ty Ddewi.

Rory mac Feidhlimidh. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Rory mac Felmid. As the submittor allowed changes and the form of the patronymic could not be documented, we have substituted the Gaelic form of the patronymic.

Torrey Hasentanzer. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Yoshiki Tomoe. Name only. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Yoshike Tomoe, Choshi. Dolphin, Monsho and several others have pointed out that the byname ("Choshi") would not have been used in this way in period. The family name was spelled properly as "Yoshiki" on the forms.


Elizabeth Demelza Félinnoir. Blazon correction. Or, a lion passant between two cinquefoils sable, all within an orle wavy azure. The tincture of the orle was incorrectly blazoned when the device was registered in April, 1988.


Breuse Hartswood. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The letter of intent indicated that the given name was a French variant of his mundane given name (Bruce). A number of commentors noted that "Bruce" is a surname in period, but in fact the name "Breuse" appears in Mallory as a given name for the knight "Breuse sans Pitie". Note that the submittor's forms still used an apparently returned form (Brewster Hartswood). New or amended forms should have been provided to match the letter of intent, if the amended name indeed has the submittor's support.

Brineside Moor, Shire of. Name and device. Argent, a dolphin haurient pierced by a sword within a laurel vert.

Geoffrey of Lincolne. Change of name from Francisco Alvarez de Avila y Cadiz (see RETURNS for change of device).

Robin Longfellow. Name and device. Per saltire vert and chequy sable and argent, in pale a chess rook and two arrows inverted in saltire argent. It was the consensus of the members of the College that, given the common name elements involved, the suggestion of "Robin Goodfellow" was not too close. If there had been any allusions to Puck in the device, this would not have been the case.

Rodrigo Diego Ramos. Name and device. Per fess argent and sable, a fess embattled gules, masoned argent, between a Maltese cross gules and a dragon passant argent. The name was submitted as Rodrigo Diego Ramos de Castilla. Unfortunately, as several members of the College noted, this name conflicted with that of Rodrigo Diaz, Champion of Castile, better known as El Cid. Since the problem derived from the conjunction of Rodrigo, Diego and Castilla, the problem was resolved simply by dropping the place name, retaining his mundane surname of Ramos. (Note: his mundane surname is "Ramos", not "Ramos de Castilla" as stated on the letter of intent.)

Trimaris, Queen of. Device. Argent, on a fess wavy between in pale two triskeles azure, a crown of five points, each point ensigned of a mullet, between in fess two roses argent, all between five roses, two, two and one, azure.


Alessandra Lo Piccolo. Name and device. Quarterly gules and sable, a dove rising to sinister, wings displayed, argent. The name was submitted as Allesandria Lo Piccolo. The letter of intent implied that the submitted form appeared in Withycombe (p. 14). In fact, a rather different English form is cited as "Alexandria" from 1218. Since the submittor wished the Italian form, we have substituted that for the given name. Note that her mundane family name is "Lo Piccolo" (this was not mentioned on the letter of intent).

Aletheia Dilwyn Floutere. Blazon correction. Purpure, four natural dolphins naiant in annulo argent. As Crescent has noted, the modifier necessary to distinguish these dolphins from the normal heraldic sort was omitted from the blazon when the device was registered in March, 1988.

Aoibhell ferch Cyllyn o Benrhyndeudraeth. Name and device. Per bend purpure and sable, a winged cat rampant to sinister within a bordure engrailed argent. The name was submitted as Aoibhell ferch Cyllyn o'Penrhyndeudrath. As Brachet has noted, the apostrophe is inappropriate here since there is no contraction. The place name has been modified as required after the preposition "o".

Ariane ferch Einion. Name only. The name was submitted as Arian ferch Einion. As several commentors noted, "arian" is a common noun meaning "silver" in Welsh and cannot be documented as a given name in period. Therefore we have substituted the slightly differently pronounced French feminine given name "Ariane". If the submittor wishes an entirely Welsh name, she might consider the documented feminine name "Arianwen".

Arron Blackhawke. Name and device. Sable, on a bend sinister bretasse between two sword bendwise sinister inverted argent, three roses gules.

Arron Renyard. Change of device. Per pale purpure and ermine, a reremouse displayed, head to dexter, counterchanged.

Bjorn Kathrynson. Device. Per pale sable and gules, a winged bear rampant and a chief Or.

Bodo Rosti. Name and device. Quarterly sable and gules, in bend sinister two jawless skulls argent.

Catherine of Silver Tree. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Dominic Tremayne. Blazon correction. Per chevron azure and argent, a chevron between three fleurs-de-lys, all counterchanged. The tincture of the charges was misblazoned when his device was registered in February, 1988.

Elsbeth Anne Roth. Spelling correction. When a badge was registered to this lady in February, 1987, the terminal "e" was omitted from her name. The name should not have been changed from its original spelling.

Ellen of the Western Wind. Name and device. Per saltire azure and vert, a pegasus passant within a bordure argent.

Encinal, Riding of. Blazon correction. Argent, a hurst of oak trees proper within a laurel wreath vert, on a chief azure, three crescents Or. The tincture of the chief was misblazoned when the device was registered in April, 1988.

Esla of Ifeld. Name and device. Argent, a chevron vert between three acorns proper, all within a bordure sable.

Gaheris Bwagrym. Change of name from Myrddin Bwagrymusol.

Garwulf Nightsbane. Device. Sable, a wolf's head, couped and sinister facing, between three hammers inverted argent.

Georg of Glacier's Edge. Device. Per fess argent and vair, a seahorse erect and sinister facing maintaining an axe gules.

Gwendolyn Anne the Obscure. Name and device. Gyronny sable and argent, a hound couchant reguardant gules.

Gwendolyn of Castle Court. Blazon correction. Argent, a quatrefoil knot gules interlaced with an arrow palewise inverted azure. The tincture of the knot was omitted when the device was registered in March, 1988.

Gwenhwyfar Trelowarth. Device. Per chevron sable and argent, a chevron counterchanged between a dove displayed argent and a wolf's head, erased and sinister facing, sable.

Ian of Loch Naver. Blazon correction. Paly and per saltire gules and ermine, on a chief Or two wings conjoined azure. When the device was registered in March, 1988, the tincture of the wings was omitted.

Joseph de la Tour. Name and device. Per chevron vert and argent, two sheaves of three arrows inverted Or and a tower sable.

Kilic ibn Sungur ibn al-Kazganci al-Turhani. Name only. The name was submitted as Kilic ibn Sungur ibn Kazganci al- Turhani. We have added the article before the occupational form Kazganci as suggested by Star.

Maeve of the Mist. Change of name from holding name of Nancy of Roscommon.

Miyake Nobuhiro. Change of name from holding name of James of Southern Shores.

Muirghein ni Ghrainne. Name and device. Per chevron Or and azure, in pale a lion passant guardant and a unicorn rampant to sinister counterchanged.

Olwyn Gwallt Coch. Device. Quarterly azure and ermine, on a cross gules between in bend two crescents, a ram's head cabossed argent.

Paul of Bellatrix. Badge. Argent, a compass star gules within an annulet sable.

Peter du Gant Noir. Name and device. Per pale gules and Or, on a glove aversant sable, a cross formy per pale Or and gules.

Phillip of Erracht. Name only.

Rhianwen ni Dhiarmada. Name only.

Rhyllian of Starfire Retreat. Change of name from Rhiannon of Starfire Retreat. Vesper was incorrect in implying that the original return placed additional restrictions on constructed names by requiring them to adhere to an overall linguistic tradition. While NR10a is somewhat ambiguous, the more general requirement of a primary language in NR3 also applies and there was prior precedent for applying the naming practises of the primary language to a made-up name. As the name was stated to be constructed according to Welsh practise, it had to be judged in those terms. Vesper himself noted in the submission that medieval Welsh did not form dithematic names. If this is interpreted, as we originally did, to mean that it does not form "mix and match" names as did Old English, for instance, this is correct. The reference to "random dithematic elements" in the original return underlines this fact: the vast majority of clearly dithematic names in period Welsh have definite meaning and are in fact usually noun + adjective formations (e.g., "Arianwen"="white silver", "Ceindrych"="beautiful appearance", "Rhydderch"="exalted ruler") or are closely associated noun + noun combinations where one noun functions as an appositive adjective (e.g., "Rhodri"="circle ruler", "Gwaednerth"="blood strength", "Cadfael"="battle prince"). This did not appear to be the case with the proposed name ("ruler"+"stream"). Note that the return of the original submission was not intended, as interpreted by some, to ban the formation of new constructs from Welsh completely. However, we do feel that constructs in Welsh must be approached with a greater degree of care, not merely because of the requirements of mutation, but also because the dithematic constructs which are documented in period appear to have recoverable meaning: a name like "war peace", which is perfectly acceptable in the Germanic tradition, would apparently not have occurred. In this case, we have been persuaded by additional evidence that the summarized evidence originally presented led us to conclude erroneously that the component portions of the names were not separable name elements in period Welsh. If the components appear in multiple Welsh names, then the name becomes considerably more plausible. We would feel rather more comfortable if the name had the sort of coherent meaning we associate with dithematic Welsh names, but conclude that the new evidence has nudged it this side of "compatibility".

St. Cassian of Imola, College of. Device. Or, a fist palewise appaumy grasping a stylus bendwise sinister within a laurel wreath gules, a chief embattled vert.

Sarah Jane Mander of Wenlock. Name only.

Seóan Seaxeswain. Spelling correction. When the name was registered in February, 1988, the second "e" was accidentally omitted from the byname.

Thorolf Richardson of the Chasm. Badge. Quarterly gules and sable, on a bend sinister Or, a garden rose sable, slipped and thorned, proper. Note that the slips and thorns are proper, i.e., they are woody brown.

Tristan Giles Richardson. Change of name from Arinbjorn Richardson of the Chasm and badge. Quarterly gules and sable, on a pale Or a grenade sable, enflamed gules.

Vittoria del Fiore. Name only. The byname means "of the flower" (singular). If the submittor really wants "of the flowers, as indicated on the letter of intent, she should use "dei Fiori".



Ian MacGregor. Name only. There was some debate at the Symposium whether the Laurel Queen of Arms was a "rabid Scots historian". Regardless of the state of one's Scotophilia, this name would appear to conflict with two of the most famous MacGregor clan chieftains. The first was Iain MacGregor, the son of Gregor of the Golden Bridles who gave his name to the clan. The other, perhaps even more famous because of the history of the clan, was that Sir John MacGregor, cited by Green Anchor, who was named chieftain of the clan after the final revocation of the proscription of the name in 1775.

Valerius Fidelis Camerinus. Device. Quarterly sable and argent, a compass star counterchanged. Unfortunately, while the submission was indeed clear of the conflicts which were originally cited by Star when it was returned nearly two years ago, it is in conflict with both Llewellyn ap Madog ("Per bend sable and Or, a compass star counterchanged."), cited on the letter of intent, and several NATO insignia which use a counterchanged mullet of four points on a quarterly field.


Alaric Kelson Palamon. Device. Per bend sinister vert and azure, a pile issuant bendwise sinister from dexter base gules, fimbriated, overall a hawk striking Or. While it is true that our rules allow ordinaries to be fimbriated, the overall effect of this device was of a field peculiarly tierced of three colours, with the bird overall. The fimbriation here is naught but "thin line heraldry" and it is difficult to see how it could be drawn with proper thickness without diminishing the identifiability of the bird.

Aneirin Ynis Peaboadie. Name and device. Gyronny of six per pale sable and argent, on a chief gules a griffin segreant to sinister Or. "Ynis" was stated to be a name from the Mabinogion, but the nearest name from that source which we could find is "Ynyr" and no indication of the tale or translation was given to guide us. "Ynys" generally means "island" in Welsh and is not a given name. Unfortunately, the commentors caught a technical conflict not found at the time of the device's original submission to the College: Durnhardt of Altenau ("Checky sable and argent, on a chief gules a water bouget Or.")

Angrim the Unreasonable. Device. Azure, on a pale between two bears rampant combattant argent, each maintaining a sword Or, a tower azure. Technical conflict with Cormacc na Connacht ("Azure, on a pale argent, a sword inverted gules.").

Damon Hawke. Device. Sable, on a triangle Or, another sable. Hund is correct in citing a technical conflict with Morgan of the Grey Mists ("Sable, on a triangle throughout between three crosses couped Or, a tree proper."): for conflict purposes, there is no difference whatsoever between a triangle voided and a triangle charged with another.

Dark Tower, Shire of. Name only. It was the consensus of the College that the innocent geographic intent of the submittor's to refer to a major local landmark (the Anaconda smokestack) was unfortunately irrelevant to the fact that the bulk of the membership of the Society would immediately relate the Dark Tower to that of Mordor. Given the fact that the stack was demolished in 1982, perhaps they would consider something like "Broken Tower" or "Vanished Tower" (barring other conflicts. . .)

Gisèle de la Rose Blanche. Device. Argent, on a pile azure between two tongues of flame gules, a garden rose, slipped and leaved, argent. Conflict with Roane Fairggae of Lochlann ("Argent, on pile throughout azure a harbor seal hauriant argent.").

Margaret Blakesley. Device. Per pale Or and purpure, a natural leopard's face jessant-de-lys counterchanged. Conflict with Wrightow ("Per pale Or and sable, a leopard's head jessant-de-lys counterchanged.", as cited in Papworth, p. 911).

Mikhail the Varangian. Device. Argent, a bend gules between a Russian Orthodox cross sable and a boot reversed gules. Conflict with Jerome Robert of McKenna ("Argent, a bendlet between in chief a dexter mailed fist from the sinister grasping a cross bottonny fitchy and in base a lymphad, sails furled and oars in action, all gules.") and with the mundane arms of Barnack ("Argent, a bend gules.", as cited in Papworth, p. 183).

Rhiannon ferch Llyr. Change of device. Argent, on a chevron cotised azure, three ravens displayed argent. The situation here is more complex than a simple modification of a "grandfathered" device. The "Grandfather Clause" does cover the use of the birds with the name Rhiannon, a usage which is specifically forbidden under the current rules (see Eowyn Amberdrake's Glossary). However, the cited conflict with Quinlan of Sheare ("Argent, on a chevron azure, three quivers palewise argent.") is increased, rather than decreased or left the same since both devices now have tertiaries which are all argent. Under the current rules, Quinlan's device would have conflicted with Rhiannon's (although it would be a close call); in 1975, when his device was passed, more weight was given to a change in type or tincture of some of a group of tertiaries than we give now. This does not affect the fact that the proposed change brings the two devices closer together, which we cannot allow. If Quinlan were willing to grant permission to conflict, the situation would be different.

Steffan yr Ysgolhaig. Badge for Ty'r Llen. Sable, a cross crosslet fitchy azure, fimbriated argent. Note that the meaning of Ty'r Llen seems to be somewhat different from that of Caer Ddysg, cited by Crescent as a possible conflict. "Dysg" seems to hold the concept of teaching or doctrine, while "Llen" leans more to literature and letters. However, an examination of the cross here indicates that it is really "thin line heraldry": the azure has so little contrast with the sable field that the argent fimbriation is all that delineates the cross. In fact, it appears like a complex cross only in outline, which would probably be considered excessive for a device and certainly should be for a badge.

Tellias of Kenyon. Device. Gules, a saltire ermine, overall a horned human skull helmet Or. The device is in fact in conflict with Deane ("Gules, a saltire ermine."), cited on the letter of intent: the addition of a charge overall is an acknowledged method of creating cadency. Additionally, as Hund has noted, in this particular instance, the unusual (to say the least) charge, has the larger part of its defining sections on the ermine saltire which cuts down on its identifiability. And several commentors noted that it does really look like biker's colors!


Aelfheri Lewyn de Romeilli. Name only. Sadly, the submittor allows no changes, however minor, to the name as submitted. "Ælfhere" is a perfectly good Anglo- Saxon masculine name and the form here is presented as a "perfectly good spelling variant". Unfortunately, an examination of the actual citation that the submittor was using (Selten, The Anglo-Saxon Heritage in Middle English Personal Names, Vol. II, p. 14) indicates that the form terminating in an "i" is in fact the genitive of a Latinized form "Ælferus" or "Elferus", which is in common use in clerical contexts (Selten, ibid.). No examples of the name which we could find in the nominative (or in Anglo-Saxon) end in an "i". Otherwise, the name is fine, if a bit anachronistic in its components.

Alienora an Coille. Device. Ermine, in pale a chevron wavy and a Catherine wheel gules. Conflict with Iathus of Scara ("Ermine, a cog wheel gules."): there is no way to call a full point of difference between the two types of wheel and the differences in position are derivative.

Christopher Storm of Kintail. Device. Sable, on a bend sinister ermine, a heart gules pierced with a thorn bendwise sinister and a claymore bendwise, the latter surmounting the field, both Or. This is not period style. The thorn lies entirely on the ermine bend sinister which breaks tincture. Also, the sword which surmounts both the field and the bend and pierces a tertiary charge on the bend is not period style.

Elaine Wroth. Device. Vert, in bend a lozenge argent and a lozenge Or. Conflict with the badge of Misty Windsprite ("Two lozenges conjoined in fess argent and Or."): no more than a single point can be derived from the cumulative changes of position.

Elaine Wroth. Badge for House Greenwood. Vert, a lozenge argent and a lozenge Or, conjoined in pale. Conflict with the badge of Misty Windsprite ("Two lozenges conjoined in fess argent and Or."). The design resemblance is so striking that the difference in orientation is diminished here and no difference can be derived from the field.

Godfrey of Inwood. Device. Sable, a winged manticore rampant, maintaining a sword, argent. As Crescent and Dolphin note in their recently published Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry (p. 69), the manticore consists of a lion's body, a human face (sometimes with horns) and a scorpion's tail. While the monster here does have a leonate body and a human face (although this is less obvious in profile), the tail is not that of a scorpion, but one of a dragon placed more in the position usual for a lion's tail. Visually, this is entirely too close to Culehech, cited by Hund ("Sable, a griffin segreant argent.", as given in Papworth, p. 982).

Matthew Arnaut. Name only. The name is a direct conflict with Matthew Arnold since Arnaut and Arnold are alternate forms of the same name used interchangeably in period (Reaney, Dictionary of British Surnames, p. 12). While it is true that fewer folk read Arnold's poetry these days, his prose essays (particularly his work on Celtic literature) are still of use and he himself is of considerable fame even to someone who is not an "Eng. Lit. major"!

Timothy of Nordheim. Device. Sable, on a roundel argent, a hawk rising, wings elevated and addorsed, gules, the whole within a bordure indented argent. Conflict with Cassandra of the East Winds ("Sable, on a plate a flame gules."): there is a major for the addition of the bordure, but the number and tincture of the tertiaries are identical so there can be at most an additional minor point of difference.


Elfreda Hollowhill. Device. Per bend sinister wavy argent and azure, on a bend sinister counterchanged between a slip of holly vert and a flame Or, a scarpe wavy counterchanged. Some members of the College felt distinct twitches at the use of an "elf name" with this family name. Ultimately, we decided that the name in and of itself was acceptable, but was unwise taken in conjunction with the holly, the flame and the water of the device. The visually confusing bend/bendlet counterchanged effect of the device also caused stylistic twitches: at first and even second glance it is difficult to determine precisely what is going on along the line of division.

Julia Gilyneta Ahearn. Badge for House of Greywood. Argent, two bows palewise, their strings drawn as if with an arrow and interlaced, sable within a bordure azure. After long discussion, we decided that the unusual posture of the bowstrings was intrinsic to the basic design, but probably would not be reconstructable by the average heraldic artist, even with the emended blazon. There was some feeling that this resembled an attempt at a monogram, although the submittor's name contains no double "d"'s.

Karl von Kötzle. Name and device. Sable on a pale gules, fimbriated, two caltraps Or, overall a horse and a dragon rampant addorsed argent. We could not document the surname from period or modern sources. Green Anchor found a town called Kötzing which might be a possibility for a resubmission. If the "l" sound is important to him, he might consider the period surname "Kessel" for Karl Kessel ("Kessel" means kettle in period as today). The device is too complex. Even if the pale had been a metal and not fimbriated, it would have been a distinct anomaly to have two beasts of different types placed in such a way as to partially surmount it. As it is, the effect is just too busy.

Megwynne Seonaid of Loch Lomond. Device. Azure, a sprig of heather within a bordure wavy argent. Conflict with the Kingdom of Atenveldt College of Bards ("Azure, a branch palewise argent."). In this case the differences between the sprig of heather and the branch are really not adequate to call the two clear.

Scathach Faol. Change of name from holding name of Maryann of Naevehjem. The best summary of comment on this appeal forwarded by Dolphin probably comes from Dolphin: "Sometime after someone on Crescent's staff sent out the LoI containing this appeal, I had the opportunity to read the entirety of one of the references cited in the appeal. . . While it appears that the Scathach of the legend was a mortal woman and may even have been a real person (Cuchulain himself appears to have actually existed in early Ireland), she seems to have done things which put her in a very major league. . . . I think it is a judgment call as to whether or not the name is acceptable, given the evidence provided." The original return was based on fuller readings from the Irish epic which placed the notations in O Corrain and Maguire in context. To give an idea of the flavour, a quotation from the material provided and highlighted by the submittor "Now he had heard of a mighty woman warrior named Skatha, who dwelt in the Land of Shadows" which is footnoted by "Owing to the similarity of the name the supernatural country of Skatha, "the Shadowy", was early identified with the islands of Skye. . ." Note that the submittor's forms give the intended meaning of her name as "Shadow (as in ghostly) wolf" and ask that changes be made to preserve the meaning.

Ygraine o Caerllion Fawr. Name only. As Brachet has noted the name of Caerllion must mutate after the preposition to Gaerllion. It made some of us very nervous to see the name of Arthur's mother used with Caerllion. While the adjective is added in modern sources to distinguish the northern Caerllion (which the English call Chester) from the Caerllion in southern Wales, both were called simply Caerllion in period and mediaeval sources specifically state that Arthur held court at Caerllion. For this reason, a number of nineteenth-century antiquarians identified either Caerllion on Usk or Chester as the site of Camelot. More recently, Chester has been identified as the city of the Legions which was stated to be the site of one of Arthur's great victories mentioned in Nennius, arguably the earliest of the chroniclers to mention him.


Calontir, Kingdom of. Name for the Order of the Golden Swan of Calontir. The name of this order, without the Kingdom designation, had previously been returned for conflict with the mundane Order of the Swan. The resubmission/appeal indicated that the name should be considered a "hardship case" since the name was originally used in 1980 (although not submitted) and our knowledge of the mundane had increased since then, that the return does not accord with period practise since there could be more than one Order of the (??) Swan and that the addition of the Kingdom designation rendered the name different from the mundane designation. The "hardship case" argument is really not applicable here. The intent of that lenience was to allow for heraldic misfeasance or non-feasance and the rules specifically state that it applies only where "a submission may unreasonably be delayed in processing, through no fault of the submitter". In this case, the primary reason for non-submission seems to have been not heraldic error but internal disagreement on the appropriate name for the Order (Gold Falcon himself notes that the Order "has had a number of names over the years".) The point that the Order of the Black Swan (of Cynagua) was registered despite the existence of the Companie du Cigne Noir, founded by a Count of Savoy, and that the prior existence of that group did not inhibit the Margrave of Brandenburg from founding the Order of the Swan a century later is well-taken. However, the Cynaguan registration was clearly made in ignorance and we have long since held that registrations made in error, while protected, do not create a precedent. The issue of whether the existence of "parallel conflicts" in the mundane world should stand as precedent for permitting apparent conflicts with regard to Society heraldry is a thornier one. In the mundane world of the Middle Ages, heraldic jurisdiction was frequently narrow, as has often been noted before, and it was possible for the same arms to be borne by assumption or grant by a knight in Provence and one in Scotland with little disturbance on most occasions to either. (Although there are instances recorded of "challenge matches" in the course of great international gatherings or wars to dispute the possession of such arms "for chivalry".) The Savoyard group, as Gold Falcon himself notes, had a "limited existence" and almost certainly was totally unknown to the Margrave at the time he selected the insignia (and hence by derivation the name) of his Order a century later. The Society, on the other hand, transcends national boundaries and chronological limitations (within its period): as members may have personas which range from sixth-century Wales to sixteenth-century Italy so too their knowledge of armoury and honours will transcend the narrower geographical and chronological limitations of knowledge which may have existed in the mediaeval era. The final point was the thorniest in some respects: i.e, whether the addition of a geographical designation should legitimize a name which would otherwise conflict. On at least one occasion in the past it had been ruled that this would be the case and there was considerable feeling in the College that the present submission should be granted lenience based on that precedent. The problem with this is that everyone concerned knows that in popular use (and frequently in formal usage as well) the geographic designator is not used unless it forms an irremovable part of the name (e.g., Order of Meridian Majesty). As we properly consider conflict not with the formal designation of "The Most Noble Order of the Garter", but with the popular use form "Order of the Garter", we must consider how the name will be used in determining whether an addition will create any difference. In this case, sadly, we are convinced that the geographical designator will be, to all intents and purposes, invisible, and should not be considered in determining difference. The populace call it "the Golden Swan", the heralds call it "the Golden Swan" and, except perhaps as a footnote in Orders of Precedence, that is what it will remain. As the Order of the Swan appears as a period knightly order in a number of standard heraldic and historic works (of the first eight dictionaries or general references tried by the Laurel staff, it appeared in six), this is not acceptable.


Christiana of Ean Airgead. Device. Purpure, a chevron argent between three crosses moline in fess and a heart argent. Conflict with Thalassa Ilona of Soilka ("Purpure, a chevron Or between in chief two scimitars conjoined at the point proper and in base a flamed tulip proper.")

Daniel de Bonne. Name only. A large number of commentors pointed out the extreme aural and visual similarity to one Daniel Boone. Although a "holding name" alternative was mentioned on the letter of intent, holding names are not issued in the absence of armoury and the alternate does not seem to have been considered in and of itself to a degree sufficient to allow its passage. Note that if he wishes the name Daniel the Good or Daniel Good, this is acceptable in English. Note that "bonne" as a noun does not refer to the abstract good (which is the masculine substantive "bon") but rather is a feminine and means "maid" (as in upstairs parlourmaid).

Ingrid of Whitecliff. Device. Vert, a bend between a maunche argent and a plate. Conflict with Christopher Troweselagh ("Per bend purpure and vert, a bend between a cross formy and a spur rowel argent."), Olaf the Maedi-Ogre ("Vert, on a bend argent a battle-axe gules."), etc. as well as with the mundane arms of Hayton ("Vert, a bend argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 198).

Pycard Dunstable. Device. Or, an open book argent, bound, and surmounted at its sides by two domestic cats statant erect and aspectant sable. The letter of intent indicated concerns over potential "witchcraft" allusions, but it was the virtually unanimous opinion of the College of Arms that black cats and books in and of themselves do not witchcraft make. However, the book is essentially a metal charge upon a metal field, contrary to mundane and Society practice (Yale University, for instance, has an argent book on an azure field). The sable binding in this case is visually no more than thin fimbriation. The posture of the cats partially surmounting the book is more than a little unusual (really supporting the book would be a far more usual and identifiable arrangement). Also, there is a conflict with Malkin Grey ("Or, on an open book proper, edged sable, a cat couchant to sinister sable.").

Saxus of Arunshire. Name for House Aruncastle. We were bound to agree with Brachet and others who felt this was presumptuously close to Arundel Castle. This was not only the seat of the FitzAlan earls of Arundel (see your Kingmaker game!), but also is even today held in trust as an official residence for the Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal of England.


David de Kunstenaar. Badge for House Painter. Vert, an artist's palette Or. While the submittor did document several forms of period palette, the square palette that he fought for so hard in the discussions of his device is the "defining instance" for Society heraldry. The palette that he wishes to use is in fact square/rectangular and thus does conflict with the device of La Rana ("Vert, on a cushion Or, a frog sejant affronty vert, crowned Or.")

Godfrey Thacker of Northumberland. Device. Argent, two bars nebuly vert, overall a pale counterchanged. Conflict with Gwydion Pendderwen ("Argent, on a pale vert, a crescent above three acorns Or."): only a major point of difference is derived from counterchanging along the line of division under AR18b.

John de Somerville. Device. Per pale azure and argent, a sword palewise, winged at the hilt, counterchanged. Not only does this run afoul of the ban on long, thin objects counterchanged along their long axis, but it also conflicts with John of Melnibone ("Per pale azure and Or, a winged passion nail, wings displayed, counterchanged.")

John de Somerville. Name for Shadow Dancer's Household. As noted by more than one commentor, in Jack Chalker's G.O.D., Inc. series a shadow dancer is a drug addict. This seems an inappropriate meaning for a household name and one of which we suspect the submittor is unaware.

Mortaugh Tyrrie. Device. Or, on a raven migrant to chief sable within a bordure gules, a Thor's hammer inverted argent. Conflict with Veikr of Wales ("Or, a falcon displayed guardant, wings elevated, sable, maintaining two swords inverted in saltire argent, within a bordure invected gules."). It should also be noted that the Thor's hammer used with a name reminiscent of Tyr (son of Odin) and what appears to be a depiction of the raven banner caused serious twitches for several members of the College of Arms. Ness O'Murchadha. Device. Azure, in pale a bezant surmounted by a sword palewise azure, hilted, and a crescent Or. This device only works with exceeding careful placement of the charge over the bezant in a manner that is distinctly not period style and unbalances the design as a whole. It gives the appearance of random placement on the field.

Owain ap Gruffydd gan Ty Ddewi. Name only. The name as submitted conflicts with Owain ap Gruffydd, the Welsh name of the prince better known to the English as Owen Glendower. As Brachet has noted, the place name is the Welsh form of St. David's, the cathedral town. As one of the most famous treasurers of St. David's Cathedral was Owen Pole, we felt uneasy about simply dropping the patronymic.

Rory mac Feidhlimidh. Device. Chevronelly vert and argent, a cat's head caboshed sable. Conflict with Lenore of Lynxhaven ("Or, a lynx's head cabossed sable, orbed Or.").

Torrey Hasentanzer. Device. Argent, fretty vert, a coney rampant Or. The coney Or violates tincture since the underlying field is argent.


Breuse Hartswood. Device. Vert, ermined Or, a double-headed eagle issuant from a pair of antlers Or. Considerable time was devoted at the Symposium to a discussion of the style of this device and the question of the identifiability of the antlers as they are used here. Although the bird was blazoned on the letter of intent as a phoenix, it does not have the flames which typify the phoenix. The lack of internal definition in the emblazon, which troubled Lymphad, is not really a problem in itself, since it is typical of much early armoury. However, it creates a further problem with the identifiability of the conjoint charge. The antlers are not really identifiable as such (several commentors took them for flames or a poorly drawn laurel wreath). This being so, this device does run into conflict problems with the arms of Jessica Llyrindi of Northmarch ("Gyronny sable and gules, a phoenix Or issuant from flames proper.").

Geoffrey of Lincolne. Change of device. Argent, a saltire vert, overall on a lozenge argent, fimbriated, a cross crosslet sable. It was the consensus of the College that there were severe stylistic problems with this device. The primary charge is not a saltire issuant from a mascle as blazoned on the letter of intent: if the base charge were a mascle surmounting the saltire, the center of the mascle will be vert. As actually drawn, the device has at least four layers and gives the distinct impression of an inescutcheon of pretense: neither stylistic feature is acceptable.

Taliesynne Nychymrh yr Anghygannedd. Augmented arms. Quarterly sable and argent, a unicorn rampant to sinister within an orle surmounted by an orle of triskeles and in base a pelican's head erased at the breast argent, gorged of a baronial coronet Or. The proposed augmented arms use a simplified version of the submittor's previously registered arms with the addition of the unusual orle and the engorged pelican's head. The original blazon of the surrounding charge was a "tressure triskele" and it was stated that this was to refer to the submittor's services to Trimaris in the heraldic sphere since there is an award for heralds in that Kingdom called the Tressure Triskele. It was noted by more than one individual that we do not use single diminutives and so this has to be an orle and also that it is not possible to figure out what this is from the blazon "triskele" (one person suggested that this could be an orle semy of triskeles). Neither the name nor any armoury for the award alluded to has ever been registered by the College and thus it cannot be considered to be "grandfathered". Since the submittor is a member of the Order of the Pelican, the use of the Pelican would be legitimate, but the head is not really identifiable as a pelican's head, the only indicator to distinguish it being the gouttes de sang placed on the gules portion of the field (thus rendered totally invisible). The use of the baronial coronet has been disallowed in Society armoury since 1984 and so may not be used here, even though the submittor is Founding Baron of Wyvernwood. Finally, the overall augmentation was so complex that noone in the College who was not already familiar with the submittor was able to determine what the underlying arms were, i.e., to identify the submittor without knowing in advance who he was. The essence of the augmentation is that it is something added to a set of arms to indicate honour. In this case, some thought the original arms were this design minus the complex orle, others interpreted it to be the design minus the gorged head, none automatically assumed that the orle and head (which is in base, the less honourable position, which is generally not used for augmentations) were combined to form the augmentation.


Catherine of Silver Tree. Device. Gules, a bend Or between a tree and a wolf dormant argent. Conflict with the arms of Chalon ("Gules, a bend Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 190) and the badge for the Armorer's Guild of Ostgardr ("Gules, a bend Or, between a hammer bendwise and a bickern argent.").



Loren of Blackthorne. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a compass star elongated to base surmounted by a sword and a quill pen in saltire, all within a bordure potenty argent. The tinctures were misblazoned on the original letter of intent and several commentors did not receive the emended blazon at all or did not receive it in time to check it adequately for conflict prior to the meeting. Therefore it is pended until the September Laurel meeting for further comment. Note that several commentors raised the issue of whether this should be considered "slot machine heraldry". In the past we have usually considered that two charges in saltire were a unit in this respect and we actively solicit comment on this issue for the September meeting.

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