NOVEMBER XXIII (1988)
THE FOLLOWING SUBMISSIONS ARE APPROVED:
KINGDOM OF AN TIR
An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for College of Scribes. Chequy Or and argent, a triskelion of arms proper, garbed sable, each hand grasping a quill pen gules.
Coeur du Val, Shire of. Badge. Or, a heart gules and a chief wavy azure.
Daegar Fairhair. Device. Per saltire sable and gules, a wyvern erect and in chief a Thor's hammer, all within a bordure embattled Or.
Donald Thomas Maxwell. Device. Azure, crusilly Or, a dove rising, wings displayed, argent, on a chief Or three roses proper.
Edwin de Grey. Name only.
Electra de Flora. Name and device. Per bend purpure and gules, in bend sinister a mullet bendwise sinister between the horns of a crescent bendwise and a cinquefoil, all argent.
Electra de Flora. Badge. Per bend purpure and gules, a mullet bendwise sinister between the horns of a crescent bendwise, all within a bordure argent.
Please ask the submittor to draw the bordure wider.
Faolán of Dundalk. Name and device. Vert, masoned Or, three wolves rampant, each maintaining a sword bendwise sinister, argent.
The name was submitted as Faolain of Dundalk. This form of the given name, however, is the genitive which would occur after the patronymic particle so we have substituted a nominative form.
Gabrielle MacBain. Name and device. Per chevron Or and purpure, two trefoils slipped vert and a unicorn rampant argent, armed Or, within a bordure counterchanged.
Gwalchmai Wynber vap Bran. Name and device. Per chevron argent and vert, two ravens rising addorsed, wings displayed, sable, and a fir tree argent.
The name was submitted as Gwalchmai Gwymber map Bran. The mutation in the byname and patronymic has been corrected as the submittor's paperwork allowed. Note that the spelling of the patronymic is a documented period mutated form (equivalent to "ap") and that the initial consonant is pronounced as an "f" (Williams, A Welsh Grammar, p. 39).
Isadora Athinai. Change of name from holding name of Isadora of Earngyld.
Jonathan of Fenrock. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Julitta of Rosehaven. Device. Sable, a sword between two flaunches argent, each charged with a rose gules, barbed and seeded vert.
Saewynn Silfrhrafn. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
The name was submitted as Saewynn Silfurhrafn. The given name seemed reasonable since there are documented Old English feminine forms "Sæwen" and masculine forms "Sæwine". However, as Geirr Bassi shows other parallel Old Norse bynames being formed from the strong form of the adjective, we have used the strong masculine of the adjective "silfri" (Geirr Bassi Haraldsson, The Old Norse Name, p. 27).
Scellin d'Alençon. Name and device. Per pale argent and Or, an escallop inverted vert between in fess a decrescent and an increscent azure.
Sean Michael MacKay. Name and device. Gyronny wavy Or and vert, on a chief per pale gules and argent, three roses counterchanged, barbed and seeded proper.
Three Mountains, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Mountain Sun. Azure, three piles in point Or surmounted by a base indented argent.
Trudi von Bayern. Badge. A tau cross between two domestic cats respectant sejant guardant gules.
Vaclav Bily. Name only.
The name means "Wenceslas the White" in Czech.
KINGDOM OF ANSTEORRA
Adelicia Gilwell. Change of name from Adelicia Alianora of Gilwell.
Aeruin na Cantairechet Sreagan. Device. Per pale sable and Or, two dragons combattant within a bordure counterchanged.
Aeruin ni hEarain o'Chonemara. Badge for Dun Iolair Duibh. Per pale ermine and counterermine, an eagle displayed maintaining in its talons a sword bendwise and a coin, all within a bordure counterchanged sable and argent.
The household name was submitted as Dun Iolar Dubh. We have modified the noun adjective combination to the genitive form which would be usual following "dun". Please ask the submittor to draw the coin larger.
Alrek Kanin. Name only.
The name was submitted as Alrek en Kanin. Crescent was correct in noting that the definite article is suffixed to the noun in Norwegian so that "the Rabbit" would be "Kaninen". However, the article is not needed with an epithet used as a surname so we have dropped it to maintain the sound as much as possible.
Anne Harper of Eland. Name and device. Purpure, on a bend sinister between a dragon couchant reguardant and a falcon rising, wings inverted and addorsed, argent, four turtles tergiant vert.
Bors of Lothian. Name only.
Brian mac Cael. Name only.
The name was submitted as Brian mac Cael ui Cenneidigh, appealing from a previous return for conflict with Brian mac Cennedigh (otherwise known as Brian Boru). The submittor argued that the submitted name indicated that the individual was the son of one Cael "of the descendents of" Cennedi while Brian Boru was the son of Cennedi of the clan Dalcais and therefore no confusion could occur. This argument met with some support in the College of Arms, while others felt that a majority of the members of the Society would not recognize the actual name of Brian Boru. Even if the latter argument were true, it would not necessarily remove the problem. As commentary has indicated, the concept of the use name is a valuable one, but one which it is sometimes difficult to apply. Many who would like to discard the idea of use names would be horrified if we registered Richard Jones Plantagenet or Finn Peterson MacCool. Given the fame of Brian mac Cennedigh in Irish history (he is arguably the most famous individual in period Ireland), the case seems similar to those. We have therefore dropped the final portion of the name, as the submittor allowed, in order to register the remainder of the name.
Cedric Raedwulfing se Fithelere. Name only.
Choji of Graywood. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Sable, a Japanese clove within three crane's heads, couped at the shoulder, in annulo argent.
The submission was made under the name Choji Saburo no Yamakido. The holding name has been formed by using the primary given name of the proposed Society name and the name of the submittor's home shire.
Ealasaid MacEanruig. Name only.
Elfsea, Shire of. Badge. Per pale azure and argent, an escallop inverted and a base embattled counterchanged.
Gabriel de Glastonbury. Name only.
Garwen of Caerleon. Name only.
The name appeared on the letter of intent as Garwin o Caerleon. However, the given name on the lady's forms was actually the documented feminine form used above. Since the form of the place name was the anglicized one rather than the Welsh "Caerllion", we have substituted the English preposition.
Graywood, Shire of. Device. Argent, a compass star within a laurel wreath, on a chief embattled vert four pine trees argent.
Gunthar Jonsson. Name only.
Gwendolyn Spring. Device. Per chevron throughout vert and azure, in base a domestic cat's head cabossed, on a chief argent, four cat's paw prints sable.
Jonathan MacNaughton. Name and device. Per saltire argent and vair, in pale two martlets gules.
Jorund Ivarsson. Name only.
Geirr Bassi cites Jórundr as a relatively common Old Norse name (p. 12).
Keri Dietrichsdottir of Roosebeck. Device. Argent, two bends engrailed to chief and invected to base azure, overall a garden rosebud bendwise sinister purpure, slipped and leaved vert.
Laurence d'Avranches. Name only.
Loch Solleir, Shire of. Badge for Bard of Loch Solleir. Vert, an Irish harp argent, stringed Or, within a serpent in annulo, head to chief and vorant of its own tail, argent.
Magnus Ian MacLeod. Name and device. Azure, a barrel helm affronty between two glaives in pile, blades outwards, Or, all within a bordure invected ermine.
Rebekka die Blonde. Device. Purpure, three chevronels braced and in chief three hearts in fess Or.
Rognvaldr Tilbuinn. Change of name from Rognvaldr the Finn.
Serena of Graywood. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a quill palewise between in fess two trumpets in pile, on a chief azure two martlets respectant argent.
The name was submitted as Serena ferch Ceiridwen o Mercia.
Sigmund the Wingfooted. Augmentation. On a canton Or, in pale a crown of three points and a mullet of five greater and five lesser points sable.
At the request of the Crown, this augmentation which was previously registered to the Kingdom for the use of dukes is being assigned solely to the submittor. No other duke is or will be considered to have been granted this augmentation.
Talek Rynstr. Name only.
Wulf Beornsson. Name correction.
On the September, 1988, letter of acceptance and return, the commentary made it clear that the byname had been dropped but the word processor threw it back in so that it appeared as Wulf Beornsson the Smith.
KINGDOM OF ATENVELDT
Alix Alven. Badge for Maison Arbre d'Or. Azure, a bend sinister cotised between two trees eradicated Or.
The household name appeared on the letter of intent as Maison d'Arbre Or, but the emblazon sheet in the forms sent to Laurel had the proper French form given above.
Arabella Cleophea Winterhalter. Badge. Purpure, ermined Or, a lotus blossom in profile argent.
Aylwin Graham the Flamehaired. Blazon change. Per bend bendy azure and argent, and azure, in base an estoile between two roses in bend argent.
The previous blazon, which described the white portion of the upper area of the shield as bendlets enhanced on a totally azure field, actually describes this with slightly more elegance. As this also describes the device, if less clearly and elegantly, we are willing to accommodate the submittor's desires. It should be emphasized to the submittor, however, that both blazons produce exactly the same emblazon.
Clea de Hunedoara. Change of device. Per pale purpure and argent, a sea-dragon erect counterchanged, gorged of a coronet Or, within a bordure counterchanged.
This adds the coronet to her already registered arms. She is a viscountess of the Principality of the Sun.
Clea de Hunedoara. Badge for Feng Hei-hsia. Purpure, in pall three Oriental bats tergiant displayed, heads to centre, within a bordure argent.
The alternate name was submitted as Feng Hei-hsia Ch'i Tu Hua Yin-tau. After a great deal of discussion in the College on proper name formation in Chinese at various periods, it appears that such long and involved names are not period usage for Chinese. The first three elements appear to be a perfectly good feminine name in Chinese for both period and modern usage so we have used that form.
Ian Jameson. Device. Azure, a griffin segreant to sinister and a chief engrailed argent.
The chief was blazoned on the forms as invected, like the chiefs on the devices of his parents James Addison the Lame and Mary von Wrink. However, the emblazon very clearly shows a chief engrailed. If it was the intention of the submittor to difference his parents' devices by changing only the primary charge, then he will have to submit a change of device so that the College may check it properly for conflict.
James the Wise. Device. Per pale argent and Or, a pale sable between a unicorn rampant to sinister azure and a dragon segreant gules, all within a bordure embattled sable.
Please ask the submittor to draw the pale wider and the beasties larger than they were on the emblazon sheet.
Pawel of Gdansk. Device. Purpure, a chevron cotised argent between two fasces, blades to sinister, and a Latin cross pommetty Or.
Thérèse du Donjon des Sentinelles. Name only.
KINGDOM OF ATLANTIA
Aelfrun Errantmaid. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister ermine between two urchins statant to sinister argent, an ermine courant sable.
Asbjorn Berbeinn. Name and device. Gules, a dragon volant in annulo, wings elevated and addorsed, head to chief, within a bordure Or charged with six quatrefoils slipped vert.
Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge for Brewmeister. Azure, on a pale between two mugs argent, a unicornate natural seahorse azure.
Bianca Caterina della Robbia. Name and device. Purpure, on a cross flory within a bordure invected Or, a rose gules.
Brig Kiernan. Device. Per fess argent and azure, in chief two unicorns couchant respectant, horns crossed in saltire, azure and in base a decrescent and an increscent in fess argent.
Corwyn Sinister. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Deirdre of Cres. Device. Per pale wavy argent, ermined gules, and azure, in fess a harp reversed sable and a feather palewise argent.
Flora Sutherlarach. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and vert, in bend a squirrel sejeant erect to sinister and a hawk close counterchanged, issuant from base a demi-sun argent.
The name was submitted as Floraidh a' Sutherlarach. Vesper was correct in suggesting that the given name was an out-of-period backformation from Flora. Although Bain does show the form given as a Gaelicized form for Florence (the submittor's mundane given name), the preferred rendition is by a form of the period Irish name "Finnguala". That the form used in period in Scotland would in fact have been the Latinate form used above is made clear from the discussion in Withycombe (p. 118): "adopted as a christian name in France (Flore) at the Renaissance and carried thence to Scotland where it has been used ever since. Flora MacDonald, the Jacobite heroine, no doubt increased its popularity. . ." With geographic adjectives like "Sutherlarach" ("of Sutherland"), the article does not generally appear in personal names, so we have omitted it. (In fact, it might be suggested to the submittor that the name would be more coherant and less prone to error on the part of others were she to adopt the commoner form of the surname: "Flora Sutherland".)
Flora Sutherlarach. Badge. Azure, on a hurt indented, a dove's head couped at the shoulders argent.
Iseulte of the Red Cliffs. Name only.
Johanna von den Glocken. Name and device. Gyronny purpure and Or, eight church bells in annulo counterchanged.
The name was submitted as Johanna von der Glocken. As the dative follows the preposition "von", we have substituted the appropriate dative plural article. It should be noted that the bells counterchanged carry a double allusion here: not only do the bells echo her Society name, but a classic "hang" or "ring" of bells in change-ringing numbers eight.
Luned of Kapellenberg. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per chevron rayonny sable and argent, in pale a crescent argent and a lion dormant purpure.
The name was submitted as Luned of Cadair Idris.
Olaf Askoldsson. Change of device. Per chevron inverted sable and argent, a horn-crested helmet affronty and two wings conjoined counterchanged, in chief a ducal coronet Or.
This adds the ducal coronet to his previously registered device, replacing the mullet of six points which previously was placed above the helm.
Rhiannon of Lindmyr. Name and device. Vert, a squirrel sejant erect, tail coward, between two flaunches Or.
The name was submitted as Rhiannon of Lindimyr. Although the derivation on the letter of intent which mixes German and French to derive the byname does not work, Ekwall does cite "Lind" as a common first element in mediaeval English place names (Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names, p. 298). As the same source (p. 335) shows "myr" as a final element from either "mire" (meaning "swamp") or "mere" (meaning "lake") the name seems acceptable if the extraneous vowel is dropped.
Seamus O'Gallagher. Device. Purpure, on a bend sinister ermine between two turtles statant to sinister Or, an ermine courant sable.
Ulrich Sigismund von Eisenstrand. Personal name and badge for House Eisenstrand. Azure, a cubit arm palewise, hand fisted appaumy, argent environed of a pair of wings conjoined, displayed and inverted, Or.
KINGDOM OF CAID
Astra Christiana Benedict. Blazon correction on badge for Aislynn Skyppe de Beaumont. Azure, a goblet bendwise sinister within a bordure argent.
The necessary modifier was omitted from the position of the goblet when the badge was registered in September, 1988.
Ciaran Kirriemuir Androssoun. Name and device. Azure, on a fess argent between three trefoils slipped and a crescent Or, a lion couchant gules.
The name was submitted as Ciaran Kirriemuir Androssan. Crescent himself indicated that he could provide no evidence for this particular "o" to "a" shift in Scots, but suggested that the spelling variant was licit because it did not affect the pronunciation of the name. Unfortunately, the shift from "o" to "a" definitely does affect pronunciation in Scots (for example, were Laurel's Society given name spelled "Alisan", the pronunciation would be quite different). Therefore, we have modified the spelling to the closest documented form.
Coinneach mac Ciaráin. Name and device. Sable, in saltire a sword inverted argent and a rowan branch Or.
The submission was made under the name Coinneach Mac a'Chaorainn, with documentation from a name list in Douglas' Scottish Lore and Folklore (p. 184). That name list gives supposed Gaelic equivalents to Lowland surnames. Next to "Rowan", it gives the surname form above. However, Black (Surnames of Scotland, p. 702) derives the surname "Rowan" more properly from the Irish given name "Ruadhan", which is often Anglicized as "Rowan" or from an orthographic variant of Rowland. Note that in modern Scots Gaelic the word for the rowan tree is "caorann", but this does not seem to have been used as a given name and you cannot be the son of a tree. We have therefore substituted the closest sounding documented patronymic form.
Dubhán Treehill. Name and device. Azure, on a bend sinister between two trees eradicated argent, a pegasus statant fesswise to sinister sable, all within a bordure argent.
When the device was registered in September, 1988, the modifier was omitted so that the ordinary erroneously appeared as a plain bend.
Ian of Loch Lomond. Change of name from Ivar Redblade of Wolves' Haven and device. Per chevron throughout embattled sable and gules, two thistles, slipped and leaved, and a claymore palewise argent.
Isabeau Eaglestone of Glinwood. Badge. Argent, a tree proper surmounted by a pair of wings conjoined azure.
It made some of us rather nervous to difference the famous arms of O'Connor only by the addition of a charge overall, but this is technically allowable for a badge.
Saint Artemas, College of. Name only.
Sigrlin Ravnsdottir. Device. Paly azure and argent, an escarbuncle within an orle sable.
Victoria of the Yellow Rose. Device. Purpure, a garden rosebud Or, slipped and leaved vert, between two flaunches Or.
KINGDOM OF CALONTIR
Ailene nic Aedain. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
The name was submitted as Ailene ni Aidan. As Habicht noted, the form "Ailéne" does appear in O Corrain and Maguire (Gaelic Personal Names, p. 18), although it might make some nervous that the cited period instances both involved individuals who emerged from elf mounds. However, "Aidan" is the anglicized form which should not follow the Gaelic particle "ni". Therefore, we have substituted the Gaelic genitive form.
Akizuki Yoshimitsu. Name and device. Argent, in pale a crescent inverted and a maple leaf within a bordure sable.
The name was submitted as Akitsuki Yoshimitsu. It is possible that the "almost 100 pages of documentation" that Saker mentioned on the letter of intent could support the submitted form of the family name, but the handful of pages forwarded to Laurel supported only the spelling used here. As the submittor allowed name changes, we modified the family name to the very similar documented form.
Alain d'Amis. Device. Per pale azure and argent, a lion rampant, in chief in fess three crosses couped counterchanged.
Ayesha of the College of No Mountain. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per bend sinister azure and argent, a sword palewise inverted between in bend two harps, all within a bordure counterchanged.
The submission was made under the name of Ayesha al-Azha.
Brendan MacRonan. Name and device. Per pale embattled Or and sable, three dolphins embowed counterchanged.
Calontir, Kingdom of. Title for Anser Pursuivant.
Calontir, Kingdom of. Title for Caltrop Pursuivant.
Calontir, Kingdom of. Title for Hippogriff Pursuivant.
Catlin Ravenlock. Name only.
Cormac MacCumail. Name only.
Damienne d'Auxerre. Device. Per chevron invected azure and ermine, in chief three decrescents in fess Or.
The name was registered in December, 1987, not 1988, as stated on the letter of intent [Editor's Note: even when we are ahead of ourselves on paperwork, we aren't that far ahead!].
David Nevill. Name and device. Gyronny azure and argent, a saltire dovetailed counterchanged, issuant from base a demi-sun in splendour Or.
Demetrius il Condottiero. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
The name appeared on the letter of intent as Demetrius il Condottierri. This was a misspelling of the plural form of the byname. Note that, according to the listing in the OED under "condottiere" and several Italian sources, the form used above is the older, period form: "condottiere", familiar from Renaissance adventure and Mafia movies, is later.
Diana nic Luthais MacLean. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
The name was spelled "Maclean" on the letter of intent, but the forms had it spelled with the median capital as above.
Duncan Bruce of Logan. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
As Black notes (Surnames of Scotland, p. 436), "there are several places named Logan in Scotland".
Erik Gravargr. Name and device. Gules, a wolf's head couped within a bordure rayonny argent.
Gawayne ap Tristam. Name and device. Vairy gules and Or, a dragon segreant to sinister sable.
Ian of Treemore. Device. Gules, semy of London plane leaves Or, on a chief argent, three Moor's heads couped sable (Platanus hispanica).
It is necessary to specify the type of leaf here to ensure that the heraldic artist will depict the leaves as the submittor desires, not as oak leaves.
Katriana op den Dijk. Change of device. Azure, on a lyre within a bordure urdy argent, a domestic cat couchant erminois.
Her old device (" Vert, a lyre argent surmounted by a domestic cat couchant erminois.") becomes a badge.
Lars Vilhjalmsson. Reblazon of device. Per pale sable and vert, a snowy owl affronty, perched on a sword fesswise reversed, all proper (Nyctea scandiaca).
When this submission was approved in December, 1975, the sword was added by hand to the letter of acceptance and return with the tincture of the sword omitted. Apparently, it was assumed that it was proper (as it is), but the tincture designator was not relocated to the proper position to indicate this.
Monte Blackwolf. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess counterermine and sable, on a fess embattled counterembattled argent, a wolf courant sable, in base a crescent argent.
The submission was made under the name Calidan Blackwolf. The holding name has been formed with his mundane given name as it appeared on the forms.
Oakheart, Shire of. Device. Argent, an acorn bendwise, slipped and leaved, proper within a laurel wreath vert, all within a bordure gyronny sable and gules.
The extra difference derived from the position of the acorn carries this clear of Tanya of the Oak ("Argent, a sprouting acorn slipped and singly leaved proper within a bordure gules.").
Quentin de la Mer. Name and device. Argent, on a pale azure between two dolphins haurient respectant gules five bezants.
Renate Hildegerter. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Robert of Vatavia. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess gules and vair, in saltire two scimitars proper, in chief an anvil Or.
The submission was made under the name of Robert of the Woodlands.
Rolf Rustig of Redshadow. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Suvetar Kalevalainen. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
The submittor provided documentation from the Kalevala for the use of "Suvetar" as a finnish feminine name: "Suvetar, the best of women". The byname is a properly formed Finnish locative byname from the poetic medieval name for Finnland.
Trobere Oakseed. Badge for House Farshore. Per fess wavy gules and argent, in pale a stalk of wheat fesswise Or and three bars wavy vert.
Vatavia, Barony of. Badge. Azure, a dragonfly within a bordure Or.
The name of the barony appeared on the letter of intent and in all correspondence from Calontir spelled as V'tavia. Unfortunately, that is not the registered form of the name, a fact noted at the time it was registered and on several occasions thereafter. As Brachet and several others noted, it would be a courtesy on the part of the heralds of Calontir to remind the residents of the barony and other subjects of Calontir gently of the true form of the barony's name.
Witram Elwood. Device. Sable, a raven displayed and a chief chequy vert and argent.
Ulfa Jonsdottir. Name and device. Azure, a pair of shears palewise, blades to base, within a serpent in annulo, heads at either end and respectant, argent.
The name was submitted as Ylva Jonsdottir. The documentation was a reference to "Ulva" as a name from Yonge's index, although the name does not appear on the page cited, and a dictionary reference that proved the use of "ylva" in that spelling as a period Swedish word for a she-wolf with a citation showing it as a byname. Since it is a common noun, use of the name itself in period must be shown and this has not been done. Therefore we have substituted the documented Old English form above (although the submittor should probably be warned that it is a masculine form).
KINGDOM OF THE EAST
Adan Calentaur. Device. Or, six trees eradicated vert within a bordure sable.
Arnulf Adler. Badge. Eight fleurs-de-lys palewise in annulo sable.
Although Habicht is correct in stating that the arms of Farnese ("Or, six fleurs de lys azure.") deserve extra protection because they were a sovereign ruling house, this badge is clear since there is a definite major point of difference for tincture of the charges, and at least a cumulative major for the difference in number and position of the charges (the fleurs-de-lys on the arms of Farnese are in a more standard arrangement).
Brendan Olthursson. Name only.
Brian of Leichester. Device. Per pale gules and argent, on a roundel, a tower, all within an orle, embattled on the outer edges, counterchanged.
Caitlin Davies. Name only.
Charles Jameson of Hertfordshire. Name and device. Gules, on a pale engrailed between two mallets Or, an arrow gules.
East, Kingdom of the. Title for Ivy Pursuivant.
Ekaterina Novgorodka. Change of name from Ekaterina of Settmour Swamp. The name was submitted as Ekaterina Pyetrovna Novgorodka.
The conjunction of the names Catherine and Peter in a Russian context seemed a "bit much", particularly when added to a locative indicating Novgorod, which was a royal Grand Duchy in period. We have therefore dropped the patronymic as the forms specifically allowed.
Hawise ferch Meredith. Name and device. Or, on a sinister gore sable a cross crosslet fitchy argent, in dexter chief a crescent vert.
The submission was made under the name Hawise Gadarn ferch Meredith. We have dropped the byname to avoid conflict with Hawis Gadarn ferch Owen, cited on the letter of intent.
Llewellyn the Apprentice. Name only.
Habicht, speaking not as a herald but as a member of the Order of the Laurel, has expressed objections to the use of the term "apprentice" as a name element. Unfortunately, the personal opinions of Habicht or Laurel on the subject of the tutelage system used in some Kingdoms to "apprentice" individuals to peers of various sorts is irrelevant here as it has been ruled on several occasions over a number of years that neither "squire" nor "apprentice" nor "protegé" is a title of rank. As the designation is not a title of rank, it cannot be restricted from use under the ban on use of titles in NR13.
Philippe Attaignant. Device. Or, on a chevron gules, an increscent and a decrescent argent, overall a unicorn rampant to sinister, in chief a fleur-de-lys sable.
This submission comes perilously close to the limit on complexity and could do with some simplification.
Raùl MacLaren. Name only.
Sextus Plinius Callidus. Name and device. Or, two feathers in cross gules within a bordure chequy sable and argent.
The feathers were blazoned on the letter of intent as ostrich feathers, but the ostrich feather is a distinct heraldic charge and the emblazon shows generic feathers.
Thibault MacDonald Elliot de Valenciennes. Change of device. Erminois, fretty gules, a chief gules, semy of cinquefoils Or.
Tigar of Toddington. Change of name from Frederic of Toddington (see RETURNS for device).
KINGDOM OF MERIDIES
Angela von Braun. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Capall Mór, Shire. Name only.
The name of the group was submitted as Cabal Mor, with the statement that it was intended to be Scots Gaelic for "great horse". Unfortunately, "cabal" does not mean "horse": the nearest form is a modern backformation from the English "cable": "càball (Mac & Mac, p. 63). Moreover, in both English and Lowland Scots, the primary meaning for "cabal" is derived from the Jewish Kabbala and refers either to cabbalistic knowledge or a group of those involved with such knowledge or, in a later derived sense, a group of people met together on a regular basis for political plotting. The term was applied just after our period to those involved in the execution of Charles I and later to those involved in sundry political intriguings in the later Stuart age. Indeed, the most famous of these groups, the subset of the Privy Council under Charles, appears not only to have been called the Cabal by contemporaries, but is often referred to by historians as "the Great Cabal". Given both these circumstances, we felt it appropriate to modify the name to the Gaelic for the meaning they indicated they desired.
Thomas of Grey Niche. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for device). Per chevron sable and Or, in pale a demi-sun issuant from chief and an ankh counterchanged, between in fess two crescents argent.
The submission was made under the name Camber of Ambrii.
Iain MacNaught the Woundburner. Name only.
The name was submitted as Eain MacNaught the Woundburner. As no documentation was provided for the submitted form of the given name, we have used the closest documented form. The surname "MacNaught" is documented as a period surname by Black (Surnames of Scotland, p. 549). However, it is not a variant of MacNaughten, but rather a separate form in its own right.
Eckhart von Eschenbach. Name and device. Per saltire purpure and vert, a sea-wolf erect Or, maintaining in the dexter forepaw an arrow bendwise sinister and in the sinister a bow strung bendwise argent, all within a bordure embattled Or.
The name was submitted as Eckhart Rickenwolf von Eschenbach, with the note that it was the name of a "lesser noble line in the Teutonic era". As we could not document this form ("Ricken" does not seem to be a valid variant for for the Old German protheme "Rik-"), we have dropped this element of the name.
Khurrem de la Roche. Name and device. Azure, a peacock pavonated argent, in sinister chief a heart, all within a bordure Or.
The name was submitted as Khurrem Aldonaia de la Roche. No documentation could be provided that period Spanish compounded names in this manner ("Aldonca" with "Dulcinea") and the conjunction of the two names for Don Quixote's "lady" made this byname even more unlikely.
Manfred von dem Schwarzwald. Name only.
The name was submitted as Manfred von Schwarzwald. Following previously set precedent, we have added the article to the place name.
Reynard de Gournay. Name only.
This name was passed at the October, 1988, meeting, but was erroneously shown as returned at that meeting. Our apologies to the submittor. Only his device was returned at that time.
Sergio dello Scudo Bianco. Change of name from Sergio Descardo.
The name was submitted as Sergio del Scudo Bianca. Since "scudo" is a masculine noun the modifying adjective must be in the masculine gender as well so "bianca" is incorrect. Also, since the noun begins in the "impure" sibilant (i.e., followed by the "c"), the proper preposition plus article contraction is "dello".
South Downs, Barony of. Augmented arms. Per pale sable and azure, three mullets, one and two, within a laurel wreath argent.
KINGDOM OF THE MIDDLE
Ahmed of Sternfeldt. Holding name and badge for House Two Scimitars (see RETURNS for personal name and device). Azure, a sun in splendour between in fess two scimitars inverted, blades outward, argent.
The submission was made under the name Ahmed al-Kalbi al-Kahnzir.
Beorhtmund von Magdeburg. Name only.
Blackhawk, Shire of. Device. Argent, a hawk striking to sinister sable within a laurel wreath vert.
Gunther von Brandenburg. Name only.
There was a considerable amount of debate as to whether this name was presumptuous since, as Habicht has noted, the Hohenzollern Margraves of Brandenburg later declared themselves the Kings of Prussia. If there had been any Margrave of Brandenburg, this would have been a clear conflict. However, as Badger has stated, a reasonable examination of the sources does not appear to show any rulers of Brandenburg named "Gunther". The question then arises whether Brandenburg itself was a dynastic name "within the meaning of the act". It does not appear to have been. Thus, the earliest margraves were of the Ascanian House (a designation taken from the Latin name for their seat of Aschersleben), followed by the Wittelsbachs, the Luxemburg House and finally by the Hohenzollerns (Louda and Maclagan, Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, p. 178180).
Jessica Rebbeca Silvana. Name and device. Per chevron argent and azure, two castles and a dove migrant to chief counterchanged.
The device does not conflict with that of Gareth of Gelderland, cited on the letter of intent ("Per chevron argent and azure, an anvil, an anvil reversed and a bear rampant counterchanged."), because complete difference of charge applies here. Commentary on this submission indicated that some members of the College were somewhat confused on the manner in which difference should be counted in considering armoury where divided fields exist. In such cases,the same standards for difference apply as for plain field devices, i.e., a group of three charges distributed over the two "halves" of the field are still considered as a "group", not two separate sets of primary charges.
Johan von Metten. Device. Sable, crusilly couped, a cracked goblet argent within a bordure argent, semy of escallops inverted sable.
Johann Klaus Drager. Device. Per pale sable and vert, an eagle rising to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, argent.
A submission with the bird oriented to dexter was returned for conflict with Tober Thorvald ("vert, an osprey volant proper."). At that time only a weak minor for difference was given for the differences between "rising" and the "volant" shown on Tober's device :"The difference in position of the birds between the two devices is at best a weak minor (the osprey is volant in a manner that is no doubt normal for ospreys, but not for heraldic birds)". Reversing the orientation under our current rules allows a full major point for the posture of the bird, thus carrying the two submissions clear. From Lars Vilhjalmsson, also cited on the letter of intent ("Per pale sable and vert, a snowy owl affonty, perched on a sword fesswise reversed, all proper."), there is a major point for position of the bird, and at the least strong minors for the difference of type and addition of the sword.
Julian Greensmythe. Name and device. Vairy sable and argent, on a pale azure, three roses argent, barbed and seeded sable.
Kathryn Donnerstag. Name only.
Although no example of "Donnerstag" itself could be adduced, Badger has found mediaeval German examples of "Sonnentag", "Montag", "Fritac" and "Samsstach" as surnames so that this seems reasonable.
Kendra of Chester. Device. Or, an escallop inverted vert, on a chief azure three compass stars argent.
Klara Landrada Bucholz von Köln. Device. Or, a bend sinister cotised between four mascles azure.
This no longer conflicts with Sabrina de la Bere ("Or, a bend sinister azure betwen a half-bloomed garden rose gules, slipped and singly thorned proper, and a leopard couchant sable.") because of the addition of the cotises to the original device. The cotises are clearly a second group of secondary charges so that an addition point of difference can be obtained from adding them, although only a major and minor point of difference can be derived from the changes in number, type and tincture of the mascles. (If one prefers to consider the cotises as parallel to the secondaries on Sabrina's device, the count is still the same: a major and minor for type and tincture with the cotises and a major for the addition of the mascles.) For a discussion of the issue of cotises as secondary charges, see the accompanying cover letter.
Klaus Meyer. Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and purpure, a squirrel rampant to sinister gules and a coney rampant argent.
Rivenwood Tower, Shire of. Device. Ermine, on a bend sinister azure between a tree eradicated proper and a tower sable, a laurel wreath palewise argent.
Rowan of Kesteven. Name and device. Purpure, two escallops and a seahorse erect Or.
Seónag Sfrensdatter. Name only
The name was submitted as Shiona Sorensdottir. Such evidence as the commentors could produce indicated that this form of the given name is modern. Therefore, we have substituted a nearly identically pronounced medieval form of the Irish masculine form of "John" which appears to have been used for females. Since the given name "Sfren" is Danish, we have substituted the Danish form for "daughter" in the patronymic.
Thorvald Redhair. Name and device. Argent, a sun within a bordure embattled gules, overall a chief azure, ermined argent.
Turm an dem See, Canton of. Name and device. Barry wavy argent and azure, a tower Or issuant from a mount vert, in chief a laurel wreath Or.
KINGDOM OF TRIMARIS
Alejandra Isabel Murray. Name and device. Or, a pile wavy bendwise between a serpent glissant palewise gules, maintaining in its mouth an arrow bendwise inverted sable and a castle triple-towered gules.
The name was submitted as Alejandra Isabel Iglesias Domenech de Mac Murray with virtually no supporting documentation. The first two names were documentably Spanish, but "Iglesias" could only be documented by the commentors from the name of the modern pop singer Julio Iglesias. No documentation could be found for the form "Domenech" in Spanish or any other language and the use of the "de" before a Scots patronymic in any of the Iberian languages seems to be a modern usage. As the submittor allowed "any changes" to her name we have dropped the problematic sections.
Amaryllis Woodruff. Name and device. Ermine, two dolphins hauriant addorsed vert.
Becc of Cork. Name and device. Argent, a greyhound salient to sinister sable within an orle vert, all within a bordure sable.
The name was submitted as Becc Ben Cork. The name "Becc" is indeed a period given name (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 30). The letter of intent noted several names in "Ben" + a locative placename, citing O Corrain and Maguire as the source. All of these are actually used as given names, not bynames, and we seriously doubt whether the form "Bec Lady of Cork" would be acceptable for Society use. In any case, the Irish noun would require an Irish genitive form ("Corcaigh"), not the English nominative used here. To retain as much of the intended meaning and sound as possible, we have substituted the preposition "of" which better matches the English form of the place name and avoids the accusation of presumption.
Caitlin Greyhawkes. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Elvira Gibbs. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Haran Keir. Name only (see RETURNS for device and badge).
The name was submitted as Haran Keir Ikar. On the letter of intent the given name was stated to be a Turkish alternate form of "Aaron". Rather is it an Old Testament name in its own right, borne by one of the brothers of Abram, by one of the three sons of Shimei and by on of the sons of Ephah. "Keir" is a documented period surname (Black, Surnames of Scotland, p. 388). Unfortunately, noone could confirm the usage of "Ikar" which was stated to be the name of a legendary Russian folk hero. As many of the early Russian legendary figures were somewhat more than human and as no copy of the source alluded to in the letter of intent was provided, we felt bound to drop the final element of the name in order to register it.
James the Tavernkeeper. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Katerina Isabella di Firenze. Name and device. Bendy and per pale Or and sable, on a chief vert a fleur-de-lys between two mullets Or.
Laura Hrafnsdottir. Name and device. Per pale wavy argent and purpure, in bend two violets within a bordure counterchanged.
Michel du Mouchel. Name only.
The name was submitted as Mikael du Mouchelle. The French form of his given name Michael, which he appeared to desire, is "Michel". We were unable to document "mouchelle" in any meaning, much less the stated meaning of "handkerchief maker". However, Green Anchor was able to find a Norman French locative family name from Dauzat ("Dumouchel") which supports this masculine form which would be pronounced nearly identically to the submitted form.
Sile MacLochlainn O Ruairc. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
The name was submitted as Sile MacLochlainn O Ruiarc, with the two vowels reversed in the genitive form of the Irish given name Ruarc.
Starhaven, Shire of. Device. Azure, a weaver's shuttle palewise argent within a laurel wreath, in chief two estoiles Or.
Starhaven, Shire of. Badge. Argent, on a vair bell azure, an estoile Or.
Stephen Greyhawkes. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Taliesin David Concannon. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
The name was submitted as Talison David Conganan, with the first and last names stated to be constructs. Although the submittor tries to make a case that "Anglo-Saxon names prior to the eleventh century were considered a man's personal property and were chosen to be absolutely original and completely different from others", his sources not only for this theory but also for the specific name variants do not support the name as submitted. We have therefore substituted the documented forms for these names suggested by the submittor.
Trimaris, Kingdom of. Order of the Argent Scales.
KINGDOM OF THE WEST
Abertridwr, Canton of. Name and device. Argent, a pall azure, overall a dragon passant to sinister gules, in chief a laurel wreath vert.
They have received permission to conflict with the names of the Barony of Three Rivers and the Shire of Riversmeet. In the letter of intent Vesper stated ". . the translation rule does not seem to serve any useful purpose. I can see a group translating their name in to [sic] Latin for ceremonial purposes; I cannot see a group randomly translating their name into any other language just for fun." Actually, as a matter of fact, scribes, royalty and autocrats not infrequently do just that, although the choice of language is usually not at all random. In many kingdoms it is quite common to have scrolls translated into a foreign language which suits an individual's persona when the individual in question has studied the language or would be particularly pleased by the personalization of the scroll text (indeed, Habicht should well recall the Pennsic War Court he heralded where Dragon received a scroll in Old Slavonic from the Middle and Laurel received one in mediaeval Latin [complete with abbreviations and ligatures that drove the court herald crazy]). During her service as a court herald, Laurel can recall reading scrolls in Latin, Greek, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish and Old Norse and arranging for "native speakers" to read scrolls in Welsh, Gaelic, Old Slavonic, Czech, Russian, Polish, Arabic and Hebrew. In a majority of these cases, the name of the group where the court was being held or the group from whom the recipient came was translated into the appropriate language (and sometimes the name of the recipient was as well). This was particularly true in the case of names of a descriptive type (Barony Beyond the Mountain or Debatable Lands, for instance). Royalty who are into "high persona" also not infrequently render proclamations, ceremonial announcements and scrolls in a form and language that suits his or her own persona. Somewhat less frequently, we have observed autocrats in many areas of the Known Worlde translate the name of their group into an appropriate language in event flyers and newsletter notices for a "high persona" event (for example, Italian for a Renaissance event or French for a Hundred Years War event). All these customs add to the diversity and period flavor of the Society and it seems a pity to inhibit them.
David de Saxby. Name only.
Donn Magrath. Name only (see PENDING for device and badge).
Ealasaid White Swan. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and sable, a swan naiant between in pale two Catherine wheels Or.
She has permission to conflict with the device of her mother Cliveden de Cheux ("Per pale sable and gules, in pale two Catherine wheels Or.").
Eirik Axeblade. Name only.
Gregory Falconheart. Change of name from Gregory Falconheart the Cloudwatcher.
Grik Alfriksson. Name and device. Sable, a natural panther's head couped between three compass stars argent.
As Habicht has been able to locate a name in the period Scottish king lists that was given variously as "Giric", "Girg" and "Grig", we are willing to concede this as a reasonable orthographic variant of an extant name (not as a "made-up" name). Please ask the submittor to draw all the charges larger than they were on the emblazon sheet.
Gwynfor Lwyd. Change of device. Azure, in chief in fess three frets couped Or.
Hilary Mac Odhráin of Crystal Tower. Name and device. Per fess wavy azure and argent, a tower within a bordure semy of crescents, all counterchanged.
The name was submitted as Hilary Mac Odhrán of Crystal Tower. We have added the "i" to give the genitive form of this name after the patronymic particle (all the forms given in the passage of O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, cited in the letter of intent are nominative).
Iestyn ap Sais. Name and device. Per bend argent and sable, an eagle rising, wings elevated and addorsed, counterchanged, maintaining in both talons an arrow bendwise inverted Or.
Iricus le Ferur. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Johann Heinrich Michael Simeon von Wernigrode. Reblazon of device. Azure, in chief four chevronels, inverted and braced, and in base three chevronels braced Or, environed of six estoiles of eight points, Or, pierced gules, the lowermost within the center chevronel.
At the time this device was registered some years ago, the fact that the chevronels in chief are inverted was omitted from the blazon and the estoiles were blazoned as overall, which they are not on the emblazon in the Laurel files.
Karel of the Three Isles. Name only.
Leif MacLeod. Name only (see RETURNS for device).
Llyn Arian, Shire of. Name and device. Per fess gules and argent, a fess embattled sable between a demi-sun Or issuant from the line of division and a laurel wreath gules.
Morag Ameredith. Name and device. Per bend Or and sable, a bend dovetailed between two fleurs-de-lys counterchanged.
Roderic Fynch. Name and device. Per chevron inverted argent and vert, a standing balance sable and in chief two pommes.
Saint Aldhelm, College of. Name and device. Per fess azure and Or, in bend sinister a tower within a laurel wreath argent and three fountains in bend.
Saraid na Stoirme. Name and device. Purpure, six gouttes and a chief invected argent.
Seamus Padraig O'Baoigheallain Mì-nàrach. Change of name from Seamus Padraig O'Baoigheallain.
The name was submitted as Seamus Padraig O'Baoigheallain an Mì- nàrach. We have dropped the article because it is neither necessary nor usual before an adjective to give the English meaning "the". He might be interested in knowing that the the adjective form "beadaidh" actually has a meaning closer to that desired by most heralds ("impertinent", "fastidious", etc.).
Selfran the Singer. Change of name from Selfran Ravensdottir and device. Azure, a chevron, cotised to chief, Or, overall a horseshoe, inverted and winged, argent.
Theodoros Constantinopolites. Name and device. Or, an oak tree proper issuant from a mount and on a chief vert three escallops argent.
The submission was made under the name of Theodoros Constantinus with the note that the submittor desired the Greek form for Theodore from Constantinople. We have adopted White Stag's excellent suggestion for the byname.
Tristan of Lancaster. Name and device. Or, on a fess gules between three swords palewise sable, three hearts Or.
Wilhelm of Falconhold. Name and device. Purpure, a saltire sable, fimbriated argent, overall a dragon segreant to sinister Or.
William Auberi. Name and device. Gules, on a saltire argent between four compass stars Or, five compass stars palewise vert.
THE FOLLOWING SUBMISSIONS ARE RETURNED:
KINGDOM OF AN TIR
Elizabeth Dougall. Device. Per saltire gules and counter-vair, in pale a quarter sun and a quarter sun inverted, both issuant from the line of division, Or.
Conflict with the badge for Tournaments Illuminated, mentioned on the letter of intent ("Gules, a sun, overall on two piles conjoined azure, two spears conjoined in fess throughout Or.").
Elizabeth of Stirling. Name only.
Unfortunately, this is in conflict with Elizabeth Katherine of Sterling, registered in February, 1988.
Jonathan of Fenrock. Device. Vert, on a plate, a fish naiant embowed vert, a chief embattled argent.
Conflict with Anne of the Golden Mantle ("Vert, on a plate a swan naiant, couped on the fess line, sable.").
Saewynn Silfrhrafn. Device. Sable, three ravens rising, wings elevated and addorsed, within an orle embattled counterembattled argent.
Conflict with Alsop ("Sable, three doves rising argent, beaked and legged gules.", as cited in Papworth, p. 324). As Hund noted, the beaking and legging here is an artistic specification, and does not add difference. Note that the depiction of the orle here is somewhat eccentric, being less a true "embattled counterembattled" than a form of "Greek key" design, somewhat alien to period heraldry, although not to period art.
KINGDOM OF ANSTEORRA
Bjornsborg, Barony of. Badge. A bear passant erect reguardant argent, maintaining a berdiche palewise proper.
Conflict with Mylles ("Sable, a bear erect argent, chained and muzzled Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 57) and the "bear and ragged staff" badge of Warwick, which is one of the most famous of the mediaeval badges.
Caitlan Cambeul. Name only.
Unfortunately, the name conflicts with the previously registered name of Katharine Campbell.
Choji Saburo no Yamakido. Name only.
While "Saburo" was documented as a given name, no documentation was provided by the submittor for "Choji" as a family name. (Members of the College have been able to document it as a given name.) For some years now we have not registered honorifics or clan associations in the context of Japanese names, although they were certainly used in period. The clan name was apparently formed by compounding entries from a Japanese dictionary, but Ibis has been able to document "Yamakado", which is identical in meaning and nearly identical in sound. We would suggest that the submittor adopt either the name "Yamakado Choji" or "Yamakado Saburo."
Duncan MacConacher of Dunheath. Device. Or, on a saltire between four pheons inverted sable, a caltrap Or.
Conflict with Rodney of El Dorado ("Or, on a saltire sable a unicorn forcené Or, crined, unguled, langued, armed and orbed gules.") and Christopher of Hoghton ("Or, upon a saltire sable a tower argent within an orle of eight mullets counterchanged."). In the latter case, as Brachet has noted, four of the mullets lie on the field, with the remainder on the arms of the saltire.
Pepin Moroni. Device. Per saltire Or, purpure, vert and argent, a jester's bauble gules, faced to dexter argent.
While the submission is undeniable appropriate for a fool, noone could document a field divided of four colours per saltire and it does not appear to be period practise.
Serena ferch Ceiridwen o Mercia. Name only.
No documentation was provided for this spelling of "Ceiridwen" (the citation from Withycombe used on the letter of intent merely supports the use of the more normal spelling of the name). More importantly, no documentation was given in support of the usage of "Mercia" as such in Welsh. Brachet notes that her sources would produce a mutated form "o Fers" for "of Mercia" in Welsh. Had the submittor allowed any name changes, we could have used the English form, but. . .
Shane O'Connor. Name only.
The consensus of the Laurel meeting was that the name would conflict with John O'Connor, Cardinal Archbishop of New York, who has received some amount of fame for his extremely conservative stance on the abortion issue.
Valerius Fidelis Camerinus. Device. Quarterly sable and argent, a compass star counterchanged.
This submission was returned in June, 1988, for conflict with Llewelyn ap Madog ("Per bend sable and Or, a compass star counterchanged.") as well as several NATO insignia. Star has well argued difference from the NATO insignia adduced at the meeting by the former Drachenwalders present, in particular citing the addition of an annulet, however thin, to the commonest insignia used by NATO today. Laurel had confirmed the conflict not on "vague recollection", but on the basis of several pieces of "NATO jewelry" in her possession, pins that had apparently been issued in conjunction with NATO maneuvres nearly twenty years ago. While we cannot agree with Star's contention that NATO "insignia" should have less protection because they are "insignia" and not arms (the wide use of the insignia in territories heavily populated by the Society makes that a practical difficulty as well as a logical one), we would be prepared to concede that the simpler form of the insignia may have been intentionally simplified for the occasions on which they were issued and consider only the fuller "annuletted" form for conflict. In that case, Star is undoubtedly correct that the conflict technically disappears, although there is still a strong visual similarity.
However, this does not resolve the problem of the conflict with the Society device of Llewelyn ap Madog. Star counted a minor for changing half the tincture of the charge, a major for rotating the "primary" line of division and another minor for adding a counterchange along an added line of division. As Brigantia no doubt vividly recalls, the standing precedent on the difference to be derived from derivative tincture changes was made by Baldwin of Erebor in the case of one Arval Benicoeur and still stands. Unfortunately, additional difference cannot be derived beyond the major point of difference from the cumulative changes to the field and the minor for the derivative changes to the charge. The difference between "per bend" and "quarterly" do not involve two changes but a single change as a careful reading of AR11 and DoD A.1. and c.1. indicate (". . .a Major point is the most one can normally get for the field"). This is not sufficient to carry this clear of Llewelyn ap Madog.in this case.
KINGDOM OF ATENVELDT
KINGDOM OF ATLANTIA
Asbjorn Berbeinn. Badge. A quatrefoil vert environed of and maintained by a dragon volant in annulo, head to chief, argent.
Visual conflict with Coleen of Lionsgate ("Sable, within a wingless legless dragon in annulo9, head to chief, a mullet within a mullet pierced, all argent."): no difference can be derived from the field since this is a fieldless badge.
Bright Hills, Shire of Device. Vert, an acorn between and conjoined to three oak leaves argent, all within a laurel wreath, in chief a chevron inverted Or.
Withdrawn at request of Triton Principal Herald.
Caer Daibhidh, College of. Name and device. Argent, on a pale azure, a plate indented within a laurel wreath overall counterchanged.
The device appears acceptable, but there are two problems with the name. The lesser is the mix of two languages with the Welsh noun and Gaelic modifier. If they desired the name to be all Welsh, it should be "Caer Ddafydd", as suggested by Brachet. If they wish it to be a parallel Gaelic form, it should be "Cathair Dhaibidh", since "cathair" (pronounced "ca-hir") is the Gaelic form cognate with "caer" (both are derived from the Latin "castrum"). Note that the forms adduced by Habicht, while they do appear in Scottish placenames, are anglicised forms and appear to be from either "cathair" or from "carn" (referring to a cairn or pile of stones). These difficulties could be resolved easily by revision of the name, but the name also conflicts with the registered name of College of St. David since in both the Welsh and the Scots, although the spelling is quite different, the pronunciation is essentially the same: "David". Since the names are not identical, permission to conflict might be possible.
Corwyn Sinister. Device. Vert, on a bend sinister between two oak leaves bendwise sinister argent, a raven rising, wings elevated and addorsed, sable.
Conflict with Leslie the Brown ("Vert, on a bend sinister argent a Hermit thrush close proper.").
Luned of Cadair Idris. Name only.
As Habicht has noted, "Cader Idris" is a particularly magical place in Welsh legend. Although this is an actual mountain peak, it is named "Chair of Idris" for the giant who is said to have lived there (the only person to live there as far as we can determine, although a hoard of La Tène period ornaments was discovered under a boulder on the lower slopes some twenty five years ago). According to Welsh legend, anyone who sleeps in the Chair of Idris wakes either a poet or a madman. The name by itself is problematic; taken with a device which suggests the lion (for "Luned") sleeping on the mountain in the moonlit night, it becomes excessive.
Olaf Askoldsson. Badge. A horn-crested helmet affronty argent.
Although the letter of intent blazoned this helmet as Or, the forms showed it as argent, essentially as it appears on his device (see ACCEPTANCES above). If it is as blazoned, then it conflicts with Bostock ("Sable, a helmet Or."). If it is indeed argent, then it conflicts with the device of Olaf of Axar ("Vert, three horned helmets argent."), since no difference can be derived from the field.
Ruiseart Niall Stillbhard of Rygg. Name and device. Per saltire argent and Or, a saltire azure between in pale two thistles, slipped and leaved, proper and in fess two lions combattant gules.
Although the submittor included a page from Bain which gives the Gaelic form of the name Stewart as "Stillbhard", this is an erroneous backformation. As the discussion in Black makes clear (Surnames of Scotland, pp. 747748), the name Stewart was derived from the French term for a steward. He notes that in early charters the epithet "Steward", "Seneschal" and "Dapifer" appear virtually interchangeably and in considering later spellings notes the existence of a "borrowed" Gaelic form "Stiubhard" (which is clearly a Gaelic spelling of the French form rather than a native form). While there are numerous examples of all the more common spellings of Stewart in Black running right through the the sixteenth century, he cites none with even the "borrowed" spelling in period, much less the spelling used here. As the submittor does not allow any changes whatsoever to the name, we could not modify it to a better documented form of Stewart. Note that the conjunction of the lions rampant gules on an Or field (from the royal arms of Scotland), the thistle (the royal badge of Scotland), and the saltire azure on a field metallic field (the St. Andrew's flag) seemed more than a little excessive to us, particularly when conjoined to the surname of so many kings of Scotland. Under the current rules , it is also technically close to the arms of Dyer, cited by Brachet ("Argent, a saltire azure between four lions rampant gules.").
Sean Baird. Device. Sable, a falcon volant and a sun issuant from base argent.
Conflict with Stayton ("Sable, an eagle volant argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 304).
Sean Baird. Badge. On a plate indented, a peregrine falcon's head proper (Falco peregrinus anatum).
Conflict with Conroy der Rote ("Gules, on a sun argent, a falcon's leg couped à la quise proper.").
Sherilyn of Emerson Lake. Name and device. Per fess Or and lozengy vert and Or, in chief two towers vert.
It has been previously ruled on several occasions that the mundane name allowance only applies to the precise name used in the corresponding portion of the Society name. As Vesper has noted, in the example of Sherilyn Brighid von Markheim included in the submittor's forms, "Sherilyn" (so spelled) was the submittor's mundane given name. We could have registered this lovely device under the name "Sheri Lynn of Emerson Lake", were it not for the fact that the submittor forbade any name changes whatsoever.
Sherilyn of Emerson Lake. Badge. Or, a tower vert.
As with the device, since no changes could be made to the name at all, the badge had to be returned.
KINGDOM OF CAID
Duncan Gallowglass. Device. Or, on a bend sinister vert, three hourglasses palewise Or.
Conflict with Gyongyver a Vitezaszszony ("Or, a bend sinister vert, overall a hawk close sable, beaked and legged gules.").
KINGDOM OF CALONTIR
Ailene nic Aedain. Device. Argent, a fret azure and a chief azure, fretty argent.
Conflict with Beltoft ("Argent, a fret and a chief azure."), cited in Papworth, p. 879).
Ayesha al-Azha. Name only.
Although this was not mentioned on the letter of intent, the submittor indicated that she intended the byname to mean "of the Serene Wind", citing The Arabian Nights as a source. Unfortunately, none of the commentors could confirm this formation as a legitimate "real world" byname and the formation seems to actually be "Ayesha the Divine Wind". In either case, failing actual evidence for this as a period byname of clearly human and non-unique nature, we are very nervous about adding "the Divine Wind" to the given name of Mohammed's wife.
Barbary Elspeth Ham. Badge. Sable, a griffin statant, wings elevated and addorsed, Or.
Conflict with Brice ("Sable, a griffin passant Or.", cited in Papworth, p. 982).
Calidan Blackwolf. Name only.
The name was stated on the letter of intent to be "similar to" the name Caliban used in Shakespeare's Tempest. However, not only is this not a valid alternate, but there is some evidence that the name "Caliban" may be too famous and unique for use in the Society. In any case, as White Stag has noted, Caliban was only half-human. Additionally, the composed given name created problems for a number of commentors since it is so close to the name of the planet "Caladan" from Herbert's Dune Cycle.
Demetrius il Condottierri. Device. Argent, a sea-lion sable.
Conflict with Sylvestre ("Argent, a sea-lion naiant sable, crowned gules.").
Diana nic Luthais Maclean. Device. Sable, on a pile Or, a garden rose affronty gules.
Conflict with March of Grimfells ("Sable, on a pile throughout Or a spider's web throughout sable charged with a laurel wreath vert."), Barony of Grey Niche ("Sable, on a pile Or between in base two estoiles argent, a laurel wreath vert."), the arms of Royle ("Sable, on a pile Or three crosses patty of the first.", as cited in Papworth, p. 1023), etc.
Duncan Bruce of Logan. Device. Per chevron Or and gules, two hammers gules and a lion statant erect affronty Or, grasping in both forepaws a heart gules.
Conflict with Falan Bitor ("Per chevron argent and gules, three mallets counterchanged.").
Raonull Modar. Device. Per pale flory counterflory azure, ermined argent, and argent, in sinister a rose azure.
Silver Trumpet is correct in citing a technical conflict with both Alyanora of Vinca ("Argent, a periwinkle proper.") and the badge of Angharad of the Blue Rose ("A rose within a triangle voided azure."). Only a major point can be derived from the difference in field and the derivative change in position can count at most as a minor (It is noticeable that the sinister portion of the field is visually very close to an impalement of Alyanora's device). In the case of the fieldless badge, the current rules allow no difference to be derived from the field or from the derivative position change.
Renate Hildegerter. Device. Azure, a lily blossom argent within a bordure wavy Or.
Conflict with Aultain Moire O'Linnala ("Azure, a bar wavy Or surmounted by an arum lily argent.") and Kay Delafleur ("Azure, an Easter lily flower, leaved and slipped, proper, fimbriated Or."). In the former case, the only significant change visually is the substitution of a bordure wavy Or for the bar wavy Or: no additional difference for position should be derived since the position is intrinsic to the difference in kind between a bar and a bordure. In the latter case, the differences in the lilies, even counting the fimbriation, do not amount to a clear major point of difference. (In answer to the inevitable question: both of these submissions were registered at Heraldicon in August, 1979, and cross checking among submissions considered there was cursory to non-existent.)
Robert of the Woodlands. Name only.
Conflict with the registered name of Robert of Woodsende.
Rolf Rustig of Redshadow. Device. Or, a centaur salient gules, maintaining in both hands a sword palewise sable, enflamed gules.
Conflict with Collach O Choda ("Or, a female sagittary salient sable, the human torso proper.") and Cassandra of Blackhowe ("Per fess indented counter-ermine and argent, a female centaur rampant preparing to throwfrom her sinister hand a javelin bendwise gules.").
Suvetar Kalevalainen. Device. Per pale azure and argent, a sun counterchanged Or and gules.
Conflict with Dietrich Wenceslas von Brandeis ("Per pale gules and Or, on a sun counterchanged a sea-goat passant sable.") and Clere ("Per pale azure and Or, a sun counterchanged.").
KINGDOM OF THE EAST
Brianna of Silverwood. Name only.
As Wyndalyn Leanb na Doinneann, who is commenting in the College for the Outlands, has pointed out, the byname is in conflict with the registered name of her household. She has granted permission to the lady to bear a name which varies "Silverwood" so long as it is not identical, but the forms indicated that the submittor would not allow even minor changes to the name. With a blush, the Laurel staff must apologize to Wyndalyn for having missed the conflict in the cases of the previously registered names of Gideon of the Silverwood (August, 1987) and Raymond Silverwood (July, 1988).
Isengrim du Bois d'Anvers. Name only.
Brigantia's documentation indicated that the given name was used in a period Flemish folktale. This folktale and even older forms including a Latin "Ysengrimus" used the descriptive name "Isengrim" for the wolf who is its hero. While Isengrim, like Reynard, may have been used as a given name in period, the conjunction of the given name of the lupine archetype with a byname indicating a woodland origin appears to be too close to the legendary Isengrim for comfort.
Sirillian Amber Tallin. Name and device. Azure, three chevronels, inverted and braced, and in base six estoiles of eight points, three, two and one, Or.
Over the years, members of the Laurel staff could recall submissions of the identical given name with documentation as a variant of the adjective "cerulean", as a variant of the male given name "Cyril" and now as a name totally created by the submittor. That the name is "not anything else", as Brigantia noted on the letter of intent, is not in and of itself sufficient. ("Markheim's Rule, cited in the letter of intent, is not College of Arms policy, but rather an unofficial guideline used by Vesper to quantify gut reactions on compatibility.) As Brachet noted, the analog with "Rhyllian", recently approved on appeal from the West, is not accurate, since there was considerable evidence presented by the West for the component elements of the name being used in name formation in Welsh. As several commentors noted, the strongest resemblance between this name and any proper noun is with Tolkien's Silmarillion. Vesper has devoted some effort to trying to attempting to derive the name from Quenya, but this does not help the situation since this language has for some years been considered unacceptable for name formation in the Society. Sindarin is the only Tolkienic language which is currently permitted for use in the Society. The device conflicts with that of Johann Heinrich Michael Simeon von Wernigrode, reblazoned elsewhere on this letter ("Azure, in chief four chevronels, inverted and braced, and in base three chevronels braced Or, environed of six estoiles of eight points, Or, pierced gules, the lowermost within the center chevronel.")
Tigar of Toddington. Device. Or, a bend sinister cotised between two escallops inverted sable.
Conflict with the device of John of Dreiburgen, registered in July, 1988: "Or, on a bend sinister cotised gules, thre triangles palewise inverted, each within and conjoined to an annulet Or.".
KINGDOM OF MERIDIES
Angela von Braun. Device. Azure, ermined Or, on a bezant a peacock feather proper.
For the purposes of DR10, it is difficult to deny that the roundel, which is as simple geometrically as a cross or pale and is almost universally categorized as a sub-ordinary, should be considered equivalent to an ordinary. However, this does not resolve the problems for this device for the contrast is unacceptable between the bezant and the tertiary charge, which is largely a coppery colour with only a central blob of blue and a sort of "orle" of green running inside its outer edge. Even if the contrast were better, the problems with identifiability of the tertiary charge would limit the amount of difference that could be derived from modifying it, thus bringing it into conflict with Tamar the Gypsy ("Vert, a bezant charged with a wyvern statant erect vert."), Gunther Hiller the Short ("Vert, a bezant charged with a cross patty azure."), Artemis Rafael ("Pean, on a bezant an owl close gardant upon a stump proper, issuant bendwise to dexter from the stump a rose sable, seeded, slipped and leaved proper.").
Camber of Ambrii. Name only.
Several problems with this name presented themselves. Despite the twitches of a great number of members of the College at a name which appeared to be "Camber of Amber", the name does not appear to be a direct conflict with any character in either the Deryni or Amber worlds. On the other hand, as Kraken pointed out, the only period evidence for the use of the name appears to be the eponymous ruler of Wales ("Cambria") cited by Pennon. All the linguistic evidence points to the name being a backformation from the placename, which itself is a Latinized form from "Cymru", the Welsh name for their own land. Apart from this probably fictional character, the primary exemplar for the name is the Deryni saint of Katharine Kurtz' fiction. (The "Camber Eben" whose name was registered some years ago in the Society, when he was about two years old, had the mundane given name "Camber", presumably Deryni derived.) By the submittor's own documentation, the form in Geoffrey of Monmouth is "monte Ambrii", the "Ambrii" being a genitive from a supposed form of "Ambrius", which would not follow the English preposition "of". Again it is interesting to note that this locale appear to come into existence first in Geoffrey of Monmouth and to be a confusion with Amesbury for Geoffrey indicates that there is Cloister of Ambrius at Mons Ambrii where a monument to the warriors fallen at Salisbury was erected (this being done by Merlin's moving the Giant's Ring to England, a late explanation for Stonehenge), that this was the burial place of both Aurelius Ambrosius and Uther Pendragon, and also that this was the site of the treacherous murder of the British by the men of Hengist. (This last story also appears in Nennius, but without any locale specified.) This collocation of unique names and locales is just too much.
Gracilia of Carrick. Name only.
The citation for Gracilia from Withycombe, cited on the letter of intent, specifically states ". . .from Latin gracilis 'slender'. Sometimes used as a f. christian name, probably from a mistaken derivation from gratia." No date is given which usually points to an out-of-period derivation. As the form is used in period as a Latin substantive for "graceful things", it is necessary to have documentation for the name as such. The very similar feminine given name "Gracia" or "Grace" is well-documented in period (Withycombe, p. 138), but the submittor unfortunately forbade any changes whatsoever to her name.
Marian of Sea Change Eyes. Name only.
It was the consensus of opinion in the College that this epithet transcended even the relatively relaxed standards for "fantasy- style" epithets in the Society. Not only is an article lacking before the noun formation, as one would expect, but the term "sea-change" is itself a noun, not an adjective, and is not used in this manner. Moreover, the term is demonstrably a poetic one invented by Shakespeare for a technically out-of-period play (The Tempest) and does not have the attractive meaning that the submittor clearly thinks, since the gruesomely evocative full citation is:
Full fathom five thy father lies;
Of his bones are coral made;
Those are pearls that were his eyes,
Nothing of him that doth fade,
But doth suffer a sea-change
Into something rich and strange.
Reynard de Gournay. Badge for House Silver Antelope. Per pale gules and sable, an antelope couchant reguardant argent.
As the Royal antelope badges of England, in whatever posture they were placed, seem always to have been argent, Badger and Green Anchor are correct in seeing this as a conflict with the lodged antelope badge used by Henry V (Woodward, p. 594). This is only reinforced by the Stafford badges, one of which shows an antelope sejant on a livery field per pale sable and gules.
Robert Green. Name only.
Unfortunately, the name conflicts directly with the Elizabethan playwright and poet whose name was also Robert Greene. The Oxford Companion to English Literature devotes nearly as much space to his life and works as it does to Marlowe, which is a fair measure of his importance. Several of his works have a fair vogue in the Society, some for their social interest (his writings on "coney catching", for example), others for their period humour (The Honorable History of Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay) or for their interest for later Shakespearian works (e.g., Pandosto from which Shakespeare "borrowed" for A Winter's Tale).
Shaul ben Yisrawael. Name only.
While the documentation did support the transliteration of Saul with the initial "sh" sound, the rendition of "Israel" was not supported by the documentation. A more serious problem is that the name conflicts with that of Saul, king of Israel. The name "Israel" applied to Jacob gains a very wide usage, being used not only to indicate direct close descent from Jacob, but also to indicate the "children of Israel" in general right from the point when Jacob acquires that honorific name (Genesis 32,32: "Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, until this day. . ."). When Saul first appears in the Old Testament (Samuel 9,2) he is described as follows: ". . .there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people."
South Downs, Barony of. Badge. Azure, a saltire conjoined to a fess argent, overall a tower gules.
The red tower placed overall on the blue field violates the rule of tincture. This is not merely a "technical" violation since the typical embattlements which assist in identifying the tower lie entirely on the field.
KINGDOM OF THE MIDDLE
Ahmed al-Kalbi al-Kahnzir. Name and device. Chequy vert and Or, a heart gules, pierced by a scimitar bendwise sinister inverted argent, all between in bend a crescent inverted and a boar's head couped gules.
As Star notes, the name conflicts with that of Ahmad al-Kalbi, a scribe in the service of the Caliph al-Ma'mun in the early ninth century. There was considerable feeling in the College that the use of the second byname, which means "the Pig", could be interpreted as offensive to those of Moslem persuasion when placed in a perfectly formed Arabic name. (Star's comment is typical, "To use it as a name or epithet is so offensive that it is something that would not have been even considered, much less used, as a name either in period or since."). The device, which unites multiple unrelated design elements in a standard arrangement on a complex field comes under the heading of "slot machine heraldry" and is visually too complex. Additionally, the use of the inverted crescent gules and the boar's head was felt to increase the overall offensive effect with regard to Islamic beliefs.
Cecilia of Sternfeld. Badge for House Dormant. Gyronny sable and vert, a snail argent.
After a comparison of the emblazons, we were compelled to agree that this conflicts visually with the device of Peridot of the Quaking Hand ("Azure, a snail guardant argent"). It should be noted, however, that Crescent errs when he says that snails have no faces: after examination of a number of Society badges and devices featuring snails, we have been forced to the conclusion that in Society heraldry they do. (Thus illustration 597 in A Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry as used in the Society for Creative Anachronism is not correct: although it gives an excellent depiction of a "natural" snail, it does not match the "SCA heraldic" snail.) Note that many commentors felt that the use of the French adjective alone for a household name did not follow period style and that the adjective should modify some noun other than house (House of the Sleeping Snail?).
Sarma no Stamerienes. Name and device. Argent, a fess wreathed vert between two roses, seeded gules, barbed vert, and a cross crosslet sable.
Unfortunately, insufficient documentation was provided to support the name and the commentors in the College were unable to help. (The burden of documentation is on the submittor, although heralds at all levels do have an obligation to assist the submittor in his or her researches.) Fesses wreathed of one colour are no longer registered in the Society so the ordinary would have had to be considered a plain fess invected, had the device been acceptable. There is, however, a conflict with Lovell Hastings ("Argent, a fess wreathed vert between three moorcocks in fess and a patriarchal cross gules.").
KINGDOM OF TRIMARIS
Asa Thorfinsdottir of Byrum. Change of device. Per saltire sable and gules, a drakkar sailing to sinister under full sail Or.
Conflict with Shire of Selviergard ("Per fess gules and sable, atop the line of division a drakkar, mast stepped and oars in action, and in base a laurel wreath Or."), O'Donnell ("Gules, a galley, her oars in action, Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 1089) and MacDonnell ("Sable, a galley, sails furled and oars in action, Or.",as cited in Papworth, p. 1089). It is also, as Brachet noted, perilously close to Tommaso di AMalfi ("Sable, a lateen-rigged lymphad under full sail to sinister Or between three mullets of eight points argent.") and Judith de Beaumont ("Gules, between in pale two mullets a lymphad under full sail Or, the sail bearing a mullet gules.").
Caitlin Greyhawkes. Device. Per bend sable and azure, a bend argent between three crosses bottonny in bend and three manatees naiant fesswise in bend Or.
Conflict with Kubista der Bohnestiel ("Per bend sable and azure, a bendlet argent, in sinister chief in pale a flame proper Or and a plate.").
Elemer Landshund. Device. Quarterly sable and argent, a compass star within a bordure gules.
Conflict with Alexandra of Elentil ("Sable, a mullet of eight points argent, a bordure gules, fimbriated argent.").
Elvira Gibbs. Device. Argent, on a bend azure, three mullets argent, in dexter chief a chess rook azure.
Unfortunately, as several commentors noted, the charge in chief is not the heraldic chess rook, which has two down-turned horns in chief (rather like the horns of a fool's cap). The charge is in chief is neither a rook nor a tower but something between the two. As we could not properly determine what the submittor actually wished, we felt compelled to return the device for consultation with the submittor.
Haran Keir. Device. Per fess sable and fusilly Or and azure, issuant from the line of division a demi-dragon, sinister facing and wings displayed, argent, maintaining in each forepaw a bezant, in chief a bezant.
The cumulative anomalies here take this device beyond period style. The beast is depicted in trian aspect and issuant from the line of division, with the tail peeping out separately from the "curtain". The bezants it is maintaining fade into its wings almost entirely and the overall posture is not heraldic. In sum, the general effect is of a juggling dragon puppet at a Punch and Judy show (Ollie?).
Haran Keir. Badge. Sable, a dragon statant erect to sinister, wings displayed and tail coward, argent, maintaining in each forepaw a spear proper, crossed in saltire at the points, in chief three bezants, one and two.
The roundels were misblazoned on the letter of intent as hurts, which led many commentors to excoriate it for poor contrast. Poor contrast with regard to the spears there is indeed, since their hafts fade into the sable field so that the spearheads appear to float in chief between the bezants. Additionally, the monster is in an essentially non-heraldic posture and the overall design is too complex for a badge.
James the Tavernkeeper. Device. Sable, on a bend between two mugs Or, a mace sable.
As Crescent noted, under the current rules this is technically a conflict with Richard Ericksson the Burgundian Norseman ("Sable, on a bend cotised Or, a castle palewise and a hurst of three pine trees palewise sable.").
[Editorial Note: Laurel and her staff had to agree with Crescent that the emotional gut reaction in this case is that the two devices should not conflict, but this is because of the limitation on difference to be derived from tertiaries in the current rules. The current rules are clear in stating that only in cases where the armoury consists of a field and charged ordinary alone can changes of two categories of difference made in the tertiaries provide a major point: to attempt to resolve this by asserting that cotises are not in fact secondary charges is a far more radical departure from mundane and Society tradition than to emend the rules for difference to allow for proper weight to be given tertiaries when they are placed on a primary charge. For a discussion of the issue of cotises as lines of division, please see the cover letter.]
Llorcan Ap 'Harthur. Name and device. Or, two chevronels sable, each charged with a chevronel Or, fretted with a chevron inverted sable, charged with a chevronel Or, on a chief vert three mullets Or.
The given name was stated on the submittor's documentation to be a "Celtic/Gaelic translation" of Lawrence. The period Irish name usually anglicized as Lawrence is "Lorcán" (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 124125). As several commentors noted the Welsh patronymic particle "ap" should not be capitalized and its final consonant would mutate before Arthur. Finally, the Welsh form of Arthur is not 'Harthur but (surprise!) "Arthur". The legitimate form of the name nearest to the submission would be "Lorcán ab Arthur". If the gentle desired a wholly Irish name, the form should be "Lorcán mac Artuir". Unfortunately, as the submittor forbade any changes whatsoever to his name, we were not able to modify it in order to register (and protect) it. At least one commentor was misled by the blazon into believing that the chevronels were voided vert. This is not the case, as the blazon above indicates. However, the complexity added by the golden lines on the chevronels, only marginally wider than a (non-blazonable) delineation, particularly when the chevronels are fretted in this non-standard manner takes this beyond period style. The submittor is strongly urged to drop the metal from the chevronels and/or drop the non-heraldic fretting of the ordinaries.
Melbrigda of Oak Glen. Badge. Vert, a kangaroo sejant erect Or.
Hund has provided convincing documentation for this badge being a nearly complete conflict with the Bond Corporation insignia, a trademarked emblem which was used for the flag which the Australia yacht flew during the America's Cup competition a while ago. The insignia, as shown in a catalogue from an Australian flag manufacturer sent us by Hund, is "Vert, a kangaroo Or, its forepaws vested in boxing gloves gules." This "Boxing Kangaroo" emblem was trademarked by the "America's Cup 1987 Defence 1987 Limited" and Hund tells us that they have sued several people for unauthorized reproduction of the insignia. (The thanks of the Laurel staff to Hund for indicating where we had seen this before: it was plastered over a significant number of the news features on the America's Cup.) There is also a strong visual echo of the device of Lorimel the Gentle, cited on the letter of intent ("Vert, an otter sejant erect Or.").
Rurik Petrovitch Stoianov. Device. Gules, a saltire vair, in base two morningstars in saltire surmounted by a sword palewise Or.
Conflict with Bayleur ("Gules, a saltire vair.", as cited in Papworth, p. 1059).
Sile MacLochlainn O Ruiarc. Name and device. Argent, a merman proper, tailed, crined and maintaining above its head a trefoil slipped vert, issuant from a demi-sun issuant from base gules, the merman between in fess two swords palewise sable.
Not only does the flesh of the merman have insufficient contrast with the argent field, but the overall design of the device is overly complex and arranged in a distinctly non-period style.
Stephen Greyhawkes. Device. Azure, on a plate between three crosses moline Or, a hawk's head erased sable, faced argent, a chief indented argent.
Unfortunately, although the bird's head was blazoned as sable on the letter of intent, it is almost entirely light grey, with only the feathers on the back of the head sable. As light grey is considered equivalent to argent, this breaks tincture when put on the plate. Were the head actually sable there would be no problem, but this may not be what the submittor desires, given his byname.
Taliesin David Concannon. Device. Sable, an eagle volant, wings elevated and addorsed, argent, between on a chief invected argent, a demi-sun issuant from the line of division gules, and a base embattled argent, masoned sable.
This is just not period style: not only is the sun issuant from the complex line of division on the chief a solecism, this is excessively "landscapey", despite the extremely uncomfortable position in which the eagle has been placed.
Trimaris, Kingdom of. Order of the Trimarian Sword.
We had to agree with Green Anchor that this conflicted with the Order of the Sword of Calontir: in both cases the name is identical save for the kingdom modifier.
KINGDOM OF THE WEST
Antoine le Rêveur. Device. Sable, a compass star gules, fimbriated argent, within a bordure of flames proper.
Although we must admit that bordures of flame have been registered before, Hund is correct when he points out that what is depicted on the emblazon is in fact a bordure fimbriated (actually a bordure rayonny gules, fimbriated Or). It seems inconsistent to ban fimbriated bordures as non-period practise when they are plain and not to do so when they are more complex. Moreover, the additional fimbriation of the compass star here (it is even thinner on the full scale emblazon sheet than on the miniature) can only add to the impression of "thin line" heraldry.
Auryn Beaumaris. Name only.
Not only does this name come perilously close to that of Evron Beaumaris the Gallowglass, as Dolphin noted, but it falls afoul of the ban in NR10 on the use of common nouns as names. As Vesper noted in her letter of intent, "aur=" and "eur-" are linguistically equivalent in Welsh. This being the case, this name is identical to the Welsh noun "euryn" meaning "gold jewel". Gruffudd does list this as a name, but without any exemplars, which usually means that it is a modern usage invented to expand the name pool in Welsh.
Iricus le Ferur. Device. Sable, on a bend sinister between two crescents argent, three towers palewise sable.
Conflict with the device of Peregrine Ignatius Dominic Augustine Doran, cited on the letter of intent ("Sable, a bend sinister between a Latin cross and a Greek Orthodox cross, all argent.") as well as that of Ewan the Mad Wanderer ("Sable, a bend sinister between a Celtic cross and a unicorn's head couped reversed, all argent.").
Leif MacLeod. Device. Or, a lion rampant to sinister azure and in base three hearts, two and one, gules.
While the collective consensus of the College twitched at the suggestion to the famous arms of Denmark ("Or, semy of hearts gules, three lions passant azure."), this is actually much closer visually to the arms of the Duchy of Lüneburg which is not only used in period by the rulers of Brunswick and Hanover, but appears quartered in the Hanoveran arms of England ("Or, semy of hearts gules, a lion rampant azure.").
Richard de Montfort of Hastings. Change of name from Ademar d'Excideuil.
We had to agree with Hund that the name conflicts with that of Richard de Montford, Count of Etampes: both his father and son were Dukes of Brittany and his graddaughter was Anne of Brittany who by her marriage to the King of France united Brittany to France. By the submittor's own documentation the "Montford" and "Montfort" are merely alternate spellings of the same name (Reaney, p. 243).
Riverhaven, Barony of. Badge. Azure, two towers conjoined by a doubly arched bridge argent within a bordure Or.
By the cadency restrictions in AR23 this appears to conflict with Pount ("Azure, a bridge of two arches argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 350).
Saint Monica, College of. Name only.
We were compelled to agree with the commentors who held this a conflict with the mundane Santa Monica College.
Todaiji-no-Masako. Change of name from Genevieve Emrys.
Dolphin, Ibis and Monsho all agreed that it was presumptuous to use as a family name of origin the name of the Todaiji temple, the family temple of the imperial family and center of official religious observances for the emperor. Note that, although the infix "no" was part of the name in the early periods, it is not registered as part of the individual's name in the Society (any more than "Lord" is). It may, however, be used as part of the name where appropriate.
THE FOLLOWING SUBMISSIONS ARE PENDED:
KINGDOM OF ATLANTIA
Tir-y-Don, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Orca. Per fess wavy argent and azure, in saltire a trident and a sword Or, overall an orca naiant to sinister proper.
Since the tincture of the trident and sword were omitted from the blazon on the letter of intent, commentors could not assess the submission properly. It is therefore pended until the February meeting.
KINGDOM OF TRIMARIS
Morgan Alana Morcheartaigh. Badge. Per fess azure and sable, an auburn-haired mermaid proper, tailed argent, maintaining in her dexter hand a plate and in her sinister a sword bendwise sinister proper.
The tinctures of the badge were misblazoned on the letter of intent to such an extent that many commentors in the College totally misinterpreted the colour combinations involved and therefore could not adequately check for conflict. The badge is therefore pended until the February meeting for further examination.
KINGDOM OF THE WEST
Donn Magrath. Device. Or, a bend sinister cotised vert, overall a fleam within a bordure sable.
The fleam has been used both in period and in the Society as an identifying emblem for chirurgeons. Many have assumed that it is reserved for those with medical qualifications and, in fact, those using this charge generally have some sort of medical background. As a result of the discussion in The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry as Used in the Society for Creative Anachronism and the omission of the fleam from the list of reserved charges in the latest edition of The Glossary of Terms, the issue has been raised in connection with this device whether the fleam should be included in the listing of reserved charges. This submission is therefore pended until the February meeting for further comment on this issue.
Donn Magrath. Badge. Or, a fleam within a bordure sable.
The submission is pended until the February meeting for the same reasons stated above for the device.
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