APPROVALS 12/89

KINGDOM OF ANSTEORRA

Aelred O'Donohue. Name only.

Alarich Iarngard Holzfäller. Name only.

Alexander Rogers. Name only.

Alrek Kanin. Device. Quarterly azure and sable, a rabbit rampant reguardant to sinister sable argent, armed with antelope's horns Or, within a bordure rayonny argent.

Anora of Wolverhampton. Name only.

Eldred Bloodaxe. Name only. The name was submitted as Heldred Bloodaxe with the only documentation being a reference to a Society name list. After searching through several Old English books we were unable to find a single form of "Ealdred" or "Aldred" that began in an "h", despite the fact that some, like von Feiltzen's Pre-Conquest Personal Names of Domesday Book contain literally dozens of alternate spellings. This being the case, we have modified the name to the documented form nearest in pronunciation.

Hilary Rose Greenslade. Name only.

Johann Aistulf Holzfäller. Name only.

Kiyama Akei. Name only.

Patrick Michael Gordonne. Name and device. Azure, in pale three mullets of four points, two and one, and a crescent, all within a double tressure Or. Both Lanner and Silver Trumpet are correct in citing Patrick Gordon, expatriate Scots soldier and close friend of Peter the Great of Russian as a conflict under the old rules. Under the new rules, since both name have three or fewer elements, the names are technically clear. (Addition of One Phrase, V.2.). It would perhaps be a kindness to tell the submittor about the potential conflict, if he is not already aware of it, so that he can avoid offending any miliary or Russian history buffs by dropping the middle name in common use.

Regina Gunnvor Morningstar. Change of name from Regina Gunnvor Morgenstjerne.

Richard Blakethorn. Name only (see PENDING for device).

Saviya o Kalderash Ghilabari. Name only.

Seamus O'Donohue. Name and device. Vert, a triquetra inverted and a chief engrailed Or. This is clear under both the old rules and the new of the device of Beornheard of Wearmouth ("Vert, a trefoil knot within a bordure Or.") registered elsewhere on this letter: the primary charge is inverted here giving another difference in addition to the modification of the secondary charges. The submissions are thus technically clear although close in "feel". We have been informed that Beornheard is aware of this submission and is forwarding a letter of permission, just to make everyone that little bit happier, although the Laurel Office has not yet received the actual paperwork.

Stargate, Barony of. Change of name for designation to Sodality of the Sentinels of the Stargate from Sodality of the Stargate. The previous return from Laurel level in May, 1989, was appealed on the grounds that the original name change that dripped "Sodality" had been made without the consent of the Barony as had the further change which restored "Sodality" but dropped "Sentinels". Thus there was a claim of release of registered material by Laurel without proper authorization and of misfeasance by the Principal Herald of the day since he was notified of the error as soon as it occurred and apparently did not contact Laurel to remedy the situation.

Much of this material was provided in detail for the first time with this appeal and helped to overcome some significant gaps in the file. In the first place, the original submission was apparently registered without any paperwork other than the letter of intent. (There is a note to that effect in the files including a reference to sloppiness - presumably on the part of the Principal Herald). Thus, it is impossible to determine what the Barony originally submitted and whether name changes had been banned on the forms. Later in the files there is a cut-out from a letter from Star, pasted onto a computer print-out as were most items pulled from letters of intent due to be processed it reads [sic]: "Stargate, barony of; Order of the Sodality of the Steppes: The words "Order of the " should be omitted. - This was approved in the LOA&R of 12 May 1985 and should be corrected. Again there are no forms to allow determination of interaction by the Barony (this why Laurel tends to rant about forms for appeals, changes and similar items!).

Our best guess is that there was some sort of word processing error in correspondence from Star, possibly collating requests to deal with two items, that Laurel caught part of it (that the reference was to the Steppes rather than Stargate) and not the other because no forms accompanied either submission and so a total hash was made of the name and its corrections.

Given that Laurel had no forms to work with, the decision to drop Sodality was probably correct in terms of the information provided on the letter of intent (that it was replacing closed Orders) and the loudly expressed unease of the College about the conjunction of Sodality, Sentinels and Stargate as being excessively "SF-ish". However, the ensuing correspondence indicates serious cross-communication problems akin to those noted in the November letter with regard to the Shire of the Isles.

This being the case, we see no alternative but to register the revised form of the name, problematic as it may be.

Stephen Clifford. Name only. The Shakespearian Cliffords of the history plays are Thomas and John.

Yseulte Trevelyn. Name only.

KINGDOM OF ATLANTIA

Angharad ferch Rhys ap Rhodri. Name and device. Argent, in chevron three firs cones palewise inverted sable between two chevronels vert. Whether or not actually inspired by the arms of Ashford noted by Archive ("Argent, between two chevrons sable, three pines pendant vert.", as cited in Parker, p. 463), this is clearly a period design. (The pines here are pinecones.) The change in tincture of the primary and the secondary charges definitely carries this clear under the new rules, although there was some discussion as to the application of "counterchange" requirements under the old rules. On precedent, this would probably have been counted clear of Ashford under the old rules, although there was a fairly high discomfort level.

Beornheard of Wearmouth. Device. Vert, a trefoil knot within a bordure Or. Although blazoned on the letter of intent as a triquetra, the ends of the lobes were so well rounded that it is really a trefoil knot.

Black Kane O'Shannon. Name and device. Per pale Or and argent, a sword palewise throughout between two towers, all within a bordure sable.

Cai de Lyon. Change of name from Gaius Marcellus Librus Auklandus.

Canair James Saint Aubyn. Name and device. Argent, a winged lion sejant guardant, maintaining a sword palewise, vert and a chief rayonny sable. The name was submitted as Canair James St. Aubyn. Note that long tradition indicates that the Society registers the full form of the name, not a specific scribal abbreviation (e.g., "Jos." for "Joseph"). Therefore, we have substituted the full spelling of the documented family name. The given name "Canair" is a period Irish feminine name, the name of an early saint and protofeminist: upon being told by Saint Senán that she could not be buried on Scattery Island because she was a woman said "Christ came to redeem women not less than to redeem men" and won the argument handily (Ó Corráin & Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 45).

Caroline Forbes of Oxfordshire. Device. Purpure, a delf and on a chief argent, three boar's heads couped purpure. Star Emeritus was correct to note Mor Bean Chiarri Inghean ui Neill ("Purpure, a griffin segreant to sinister and on a chief argent, three rose purpure, seeded argent."): the call is quite close under the old rules, with a minor for type of tertiary. Only the existence of the point and a half rule carries this clear (It is specifically noted in DR7a that a chief with a group if identical tertiaries is the most complex addition to the device that could allow the extra weight to the difference of charge and the allowance of the extra weight is distinctly discretionary in such cases). Under the new rules, this is definitely clear since complete difference of charge may apply to coats where a charged chief is the only accompaniment to the primary charges (Difference of Primary Charges, X.2).

Domhnall Inwood. Name and device. Argent, a black Caucasian centaur statant proper, crined and maintaining a trident, a chief sable. The name was submitted on the letter of intent as Domhniall Inwood. This form of the given name is the genitive and could not be registered. However, the forms had the proper spelling for the nominative shown above. Please ask the submitter to draw the body parts more distinctly proper, with a nice pink flesh tone instead of the pallid white used on the emblazon: it is needed to allow the upper portion of the centaur be clearly visible on the argent.

Evaine Saint Jean de Maurienne. Name and device. Purpure, a cross bottonny fitchy vert enflamed Or. The name was submitted as Evaine St. Jean de Maurienne. Note that long tradition indicates that the Society registers the full form of the name, not a specific scribal abbreviation (e.g., "Jos." for "Joseph"). Therefore, we have substituted the full spelling of the documented family name. While many of the members of the College had a major twitch at the use of the burning cross, this form does not resemble any of the forms not use any of the colour combinations that we could find used by the KKK or other white supremacist groups and the cross enflamed is a symbol use in religious ichnography with some frequency in a positive manner. As many have commented over the years, offensiveness should only be called when the name or armoury will cause a clear problem, which doe snot seem to be the case here. Therefore, we felt that the "twitch factor" in the College should not override the submittor's right to register this simple and elegant device.

Francis de Chalfont. Name and device. Azure, an owl striking to sinister between in cross four crosses couped Or.

Geoffrey Martin Fitz Alan. Name only.

Marie Constanza di Cremona. Name and device. Per saltire azure and argent, a saltire between four mullets of eight points, all counterchanged. The name was submitted as Marie Constanza de Cremona. We have modified the preposition to the Italian "di" to match the language of the place name.

Marie de la Terre. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Mathila of Amersham. Name and device. Vert, a bend sinister argent, semy of needles, eyes of chief, sable, between six decrescents argent. The give name is documented as a form of Mathilda as early as Domesday Book (Withycombe, p. 212).

Muirgen of Caer Dhu. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Muirgen as Caer Dubh. As Brachet noted, "Caer" is Welsh while "Dubh" is Gaelic and Irish. Following Brachet's suggestion, we have modified the adjective to the proper Welsh form to preserve the sound of the name.

Otho d'Auvergne. Name only (see PENDING for device). The name was submitted as Othon d'Auvergne with documentation from Dauzat. This is a good example of the incautious use of documentation of given names from primarily surname sources: the form of the given name is the oblique case not the nominative. The oblique case is regularly used everywhere other than for subjects, words in apposition with subjects and for direct address. Thus possession or relationship is commonly indicated by the oblique cae in Old French, as in "La mere Aymon" (the mother of Aymes). For a non-technical discussion of this see Einhorn, Old French: A Concise Handbook, pp. 16ff. Note that the Auvergne is in France, not in Germany as noted on the letter of intent thus the French preposition is entirely appropriate.

Ragnar Thordarson. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Richard FitzGilbert. Change of name from Richard Corwin of Oldcastle.

Rowan Brianna MacLellan. Name only (see PENDING For device).

Thérèse de Merc. Name and device. Counter-ermine, on a bend sinister three oak leaves palewise vert.

KINGDOM OF CAID

Abu'l-Qasida Ibrahim ibn Sa'id al-Jasur. Change of name from Ibrahim al-Jasur al-Andalusiyy and badge. A mullet of nine points voided and interlaced argent within a torse argent and sable.

Alethea MacNaradhaigh. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and argent, a Great Pyrenees dog statant and a harp counterchanged, all within a bordure Or, semy of shamrocks vert.

Amron al-Tashali. Name only (see RETURNS for device). Under the old rules, the admissibility of the name "Tashali" formed on an Arabic model from a place name in a role playing game would have been extremely arguable. Under the new rules, which do not have a "source test", the fact that the structure is compatible with Arabic naming practice makes the name admissible.

Bryanna Marie Joyce Shannon. Name only.

Frewin Finnbogason. Device. Per saltire gules and sable, a Norse serpent nowed argent. Please note that the Norse serpent is a previously defined Society charge. He has permission to conflict with both Brynhildr Kormaksdottir ("Gules, a Norse serpent nowed Or.") and Asbjorn Gustavsson of Roed ("Azure, a Norse jelling beast nowed erect and reversed argent.").

Gabrielle Elisabeth Chantereau. Name and device. Lozengy sable and Or, on a pale purpure a unicorn rampant argent.

Gareth Marcellus of Camalodunum. Change of device. Gules, in pale a lion's head cabossed environed of a pair of wings displayed and a lion's head, cabossed and inverted, environed of a pair of wings, displayed and inverted all Or.

Gareth Marcellus of Camalodunum. Badge. Gules, a lighting bolt fesswise Or, overall a bezant. After considerable discussion we decided that, while the lighting bolt was blazoned as if it were the primary charge, the bezant was visually the central charge with sort of "demi-bolts" emitting from it. Allotting this visual weight to the bezant, difference of primary charge could not exist between this and Robert Burlay de Whelpdale ("Gules, a bezant.", as cited in Papworth, p. 1046): therefore this would be a conflict under the new rules.

Gilbert Rhys MacLachlan. Name and device. Azure, two chevronels argent, overall a cross fleury counterchanged, all within a bordure dovetailed argent. Yes! Please do tell the submittor to draw the chevrons in the appropriate position higher on the shield.

Gislvast of Martengaerdh. Name and device. Gules, a marten sejant erect to sinister, maintaining a bow nocked with a fire arrow, Or, within a bordure Or, semy of arrowheads gules.

Guinevere of Wulfhold. Device. Sable, a wolf passant and in base a rose, all within a bordure embattled argent.

Halldor Skaptason. Badge. Azure, a double-bladed axe, its haft surmounted by a triquetra inverted Or.

Ian Nudd MacPherson. Name and device. Argent, within a cross moline disjoint purpure, a thistle proper.

Ieuan o Ynys Wyth. Name and device. Per chevron sable and azure, a sword inverted between in chief two annulets argent.

Islyle le Gannoker de Gavain. Badge. Per bend sinister vert and gules, a panda bear sejant affronty proper, in chief two estoiles Or. This was a killer. Lanner provided some distinct evidence that the panda was not seen by an European until this century and that its furs were not known to Europeans until the last century. However, there is no doubt that Europeans were in China so that it falls in the "domain" of the Society as we were discussing it this summer when the spirit of the discussion seemed to be that any flora and fauna from any continent visited by Europeans in period was "fair game" on the grounds that those items could have been known to explores "what Laurel referred to as the "Kon Tiki" documentation during discussion at the Symposium). While we are extremely dubious about the appropriateness of panda bears for Society use, Silver Trumpet is correct in saying that, if you register a panda for anyone, you must register it for everyone . . .

Jamal Damien Marcus. Name and device. Per bend azure and argent, an eagle rising, wings elevated and addorsed, Or and a Lebanon cedar proper.

James of Myer's Keep. Name only.

Jenice Cartelle de Leon. Name and device. Azure, in fess two lotus flowers affronty in pale and a winged stag rampant, all argent. Jenice is her mundane given name.

Jonas Aquilian. Name and device. Per pale azure and sable, on a chevron between two roses and an eagle displayed argent, a length of chain sable.

Kevin von Inselheim. Name and device. Or, a portcullis sable, in base a goute de sang, all within a bordure dovetailed azure. The name was submitted as Kavien von Inselheim. Although said to be a made-up name, it does not follow the naming practices of German, which appears to be the only identifiable language in the name: the ending is that of a participle and the only words we were able to find in German were imports from other languages like "Kavalier" or "Kaviar". Moveover, the only commentor to find anything at all close to this form, Habicht, located it as a surname derived from a place name. all in all it fails to meet the requirements for a made-up name under the old rules and the strictures on Invented Names in the new rules (II.#). AS the submittor allowed changes to spelling and sound, we have substituted the Anglicized Irish form "Kevin" which is pronounced very similarly.

Ludwig Dichter von Oldenberg. Name and badge. Azure, a mullet argent within a chevronel and a chevronel inverted braced Or. Although the submittor allowed changes to his name, there is no need to change the place name as suggested by some commentors: it is a perfectly good German formation.

Mariah Aidan Tyrrell. Name and device. Per chevron indented sable and argent, two compass stars and an increscent counterchanged.

Michael du Mont. Name and device. Azure, on a cross formy nowy throughout between in bend two fleurs-de-lys argent, a fleur-de-lys azure.

Monique Larrivé. Name only.

Morgan Frederic Ward. Name only.

Niobe Lais. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Onio Yuriko. Name and device. Per pale sable and gules, a Bengal tiger passant guardant, in chief a lily, slipped and leaved, within a bordure dovetailed, all Or.

Patrice Clement. Device. Per chevron Or and argent, two trees sable, leaved proper, and a falcon close sable, maintaining a rose gules, slipped and leaved proper.

Patricia Elizabeth Shannon. Name only.

Patrick Levi Darkwrath. Device. Sable, a decrescent within eight lozenges in annulo, bases to center, all within a bordure Or.

Roque Cartelle de Leon. Name and device. Per chevron gules and sable, two lion's heads cabossed and a roc rising, wings displayed and inverted, bearing in its sinister talon an elephant, all argent. His given name is "Roque".

Shannon the Straggler. Name only.

Talena of Western Seas. Holding name and device. (See RETURNS for name). Sable, a mullet within the horns of a decrescent argent within a bordure argent, semy of leaves vert. The submission was made under the name Talena of Evenstar.

Taran Blackwolf of Darkwood. Name only.

Torvald, Canton of. Name only. While "Torval" or "Thorval" is a valid given name, it is also a perfectly good place name construction, although it would mean "thor's wood" not "high rock wood", as the documentation on the forms suggested.

Wolfram von Dietzenbach. Name only.

Wolfram von Zauberwald. Name and device. Bendy vert and Or, overall a double-headed eagle displayed sable, in base a hunting horn purpure.

KINGDOM OF CALONTIR

Aldwyn Ciniath. Name and device. Per chevron throughout argent and purpure, two set of three annulets fretted purpure and a horned owl's head erased affronty argent.

Demetrius il Condottiero. Badge. Argent, a triangle voided, issuant to dexter from its apex, a pennon sable. The sense of the meeting was to agree with the Calontir College that this was not totally period style, but not so eccentric that it would have to be returned. (There was also a strong feeling that it should be blazoned as "a pup tent affronty", but we suppressed that. . .)

Lyubava Volchikha. Name and device. Argent, a seraph within a bordure potenty azure. Although blazoned as a seraph's head in the letter of intent, this is really the classic depiction of the seraph.

Mervyn Mac Dhughaill. Name and device. Per chevron vert and argent, a spiderweb throughout counterchanged.

Raonull Modar. Change of badge for Rinaldo Moretto da Brescia. Purpure, a mullet of eight interlaced mascles argent within a bordure argent, ermined purpure.

Sara of Rockcliff Manor. Device. Or, a ford proper and a chief embattled azure. While "landscapey" in conception (golden wall between sky and sea), this is legal. Please remind the submittor, however, that a ford is equally divided of azure and argent: the emblazon sheet looked as if she was trying to fit some extra azure in at the bottom.

Ulric Hasenfeldmann. Name only. The name was submitted as Ulric Hässfeldmann. The proper formation for "rabbit field" would appear to be "hasenfeld" (and in fact Green Anchor was able to document a place called "Hasenfelde" near Berlin).

KINGDOM OF EAST

Alexandra the Fair. Name only.

Alia, Shire of. Release of name and device. Gules, two laurel wreaths in bend within a tressure argent.

Andrew Kelson MacLaine. Change of name from Keith of Rusted Woodlands. The name was originally returned because of the use of "Kelson" as a given name (it seems to appear so only in the Deryni series) and its conjunction with "MacLain", uniting the names of two of the most prominent individuals in Kurtz' series and striking a number of commenters as presumptuous. By the general standards used in application of the old rules, the name still has presumption problems (and this was noted in the commentary), although a period given name has been added. However, both "Kelson" and "MacLaine" are documented mundane surnames and neither are unique to the to the Deryni series (although their conjunction is certainly evocative). Thus under the new rules, however, since none of the elements is presumptuous in and of itself, the name must be considered clear and would be even if there were an actual Kelson MacLaine, if only under the Addition of Primary Element rule (V.1). Those who are sensitive on the subject of Deryni would still be comfortable if there submittor could live with a name closer to his original choice such as "Kel MacLaine". ("Kel" is a documented form of the Old Norse name "Ketill" and is in fact the source of the patronymic surname "Kelson".)

Angelina d'Este. Name only.

Aonghais Dubh MacTarbh. Release of badge. Or, a seabull sejant sable. This release was pended from the August meeting due to lack of release paperwork. This has now been received.

Aonghais Dubh MacTarbh. Release of badge. Gules, a saltire argent, overall a bull's head erased sable. This release was pended from the August meeting due to lack of release paperwork. This has now been received.

Aonghais Dubh MacTarbh. Change of household name designation from Clan Creachainn West to Clann Creachainn. Per pale argent and sable, a horse's head couped argent, orbed gules, crined of flames and incenses proper, gorged of a ducal crown Or, fimbriated sable. This release was pended from the August meeting due to lack of release paperwork. This has now been received.

Ariane Baie d'Or. Device. Vert, in bend three strawberries Or between two bendlets wavy argent.

Arlene de Montblanc. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister between two square flags, flying to sinister, Or, three fleur-de-lys palewise sable, all within a bordure dovetailed Or.

Arthur the Mouse. Device. Quarterly wavy gules and argent, a mouse rampant to sinister azure and a chief Or, pellety.

Ashantal, Shire of. Release of name.

Ballyconn, Shire of. Release of name and device. Per bend azure and purpure, a lightning flash bendwise throughout between a laurel wreath and a clam argent.

Barbara Viggiani Milanese. Change of name from Sian Surrey.

Beith Aonar, Shire of. Release of name and device. Azure, semy of estoiles, a laurel wreath, overall a blasted birch tree arising from a rock issuant from base, all argent.

Beorgscir. Release of name and device. Purpure, on a triple-peaked mountain throughout in fess Or, a laurel wreath vert.

Bjarki ap Owen. Name only.

Black Ford, Shire of. Release of name.

Broken Bridge, Bailiwick of. Release of name and device. Or, a laurel wreath vert between two bridges fesswise throughout, fracted at the center, all within a bordure sable.

Cainder of Loch Suili. Change of device. Per pale ermine and sable, two ibexes rampant addorsed counterchanged.

Cambira Keep, College of. Release of name.

Citte del Mughetto, Shire of. Release of name.

Coure de Monde, Shire of. Release of name.

Coill Ordha, Shire of. Release of name device. Vert, within a laurel wreath argent, on a hurt fimbriated argent, an estoile argent.

Crimson Shore, Shire of. Release of name and device. Per pale azure and gules, a dexter arm armored palewise embowed grasping a dagger bendwise sinister argent within a laurel wreath, and in canton a sun Or.

Dark Canton, The. Release of name.

Deonna von Aachen. Change of device. Sable, a dove migrant and on a chief indented argent, three acorns gules.

Dorigen of Lewes. Name and device. Argent, four arrows fretted in mascle sable and a chief indented azure.

Dragonfly Ridge, Shire of. Release of name and device. Argent, on a chevron vert, cotised sable, between three dragonflies displayed gules, a laurel wreath argent.

Dunstan of Thorun Watch. Device. Gules, two chevrons embattled counterembattled Or, the upper one charged with three towers palewise sable, the lower with one tower palewise sable.

Dylan ap Maelgwn. Device. Argent, two gussets gules, each charged with a fountain, in chief a wolf's head cabossed sable.

Falcon's Ayrie, Canton of. Release of name of device. Per chevron azure and argent, in canton an oak tree eradicated argent, in base a falcon close gules within a laurel wreath vert.

Falconshire. Release of name.

Free Marchlands, Canton of. Release of name.

Fridikr Tomasson av Knusslig Hamn. Change of name from Friedrich tomasson av Knusslig Hamn.

Genevieve Aelfwynn the Firebrand. Change of device. Gules, on a bend sable, fimbriated, between two grenades, a torch, on a chief Or, three pheons sable.

Goblintooth Gap, Canton of. Release of name.

Grania Menic. Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and gules, a buffalo's head cabossed within a bordure counterchanged. The name was submitted as Grania ni menicu as an appeal over a return by Brigantia. The grounds for Brigantia's original return was that the name "Menicu", which was stated by the submittor to be a phonetic spelling of the Magyar word for Thunderbolt, could not be used with the Irish given name because of the impossibility of the Irish and the Magyars interacting, because it was improper to use a Magyar noun after the Irish particle "ni" and because there was no real documentation for this spelling of for the Magyar form. The submittor has provided substantial documentation in support of her position that the Irish and Magyars could have interacted, but this does not dispose of the problem of the mixture of languages in the byname and the orthographic problem. Fortunately, whilst browsing for evidence on transcriptions of foreign words in Old Irish, we came across a somewhat amazing coincidence: "menic" is a documented Old Irish adjective (Thurneysen, Grammar of Old Irish, p. 49)! Admittedly, it is an unlikely one ("frequent"), but more unlikely typically Society epithets than "Grania the Frequent" have been registered (and we can think of a number of contexts in which it would be a likely byname, although the submittor might not be too happy about some of them!). As it happens, the submittor's forms do not forbid changes, so we have dropped the patronymic particle and the surplus final vowel to register a name almost identical to that submitted. Note that the beastie was blazoned as a "wisent": while this is a much more common term in Europe, it will have little or no meaning to most heraldic artists in the Society so we have sued the more common term.

Griffin's Keep, Canton of. Release of name and device. Vert, a griffin segreant and on a chief embattled Or a laurel wreath vert.

Hollyndale, Shire of. Release of name and device. Argent, a maple tree eradicated and in base a laurel wreath within a bordure, all sable.

Ichijo Honen. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Iron Forest, Canton of. Name only.

Isabeaux de Bordeaux. Device. Or, a chevron azure, masoned Or, between three roses azure. While we appreciate the comments of Silver Trumpet (past and present) on the interchangeability of the cinquefoil and the heraldic rose in the early period according to Anthony Wagner, it is a fact that the Society has for land and lang distinguished between them, as a glance at the Armorial and even the Pictorial Dictionary from Draconarius and Akagawa will reveal. (Now fraises and cinquefoils, on the other hand. . .) This being the case, this is clear of conflict with Corke ("Or a chevron chequy gules and azure between three cinquefoils azure.") under both the old rules and the new: the new rule count gives one difference for tincture of the chevron and another for the cinquefoils versus heraldic rose.

Ivory Tower, Canton of. Release of name. This was pended in August, 1989, due to lack of supporting paperwork for the release of the name of this Canton of the Barony of Bhakail. Appropriate paperwork according to the precedent then in force has now been received and he group (apparently torpid but not yet formally defunct) has now had its name released.

Janiewiem, Shire of. Release of name.

Jannequinne Richardot. Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and vert, two trefoils in bend, slips issuant from the line division, counterchanged. The commentors who noted that the extrapolation of an independent diminutive from the use of the diminutive in forming a surname or patronymic were correct. However, under the new rules diminutives are now acceptable for registration and this is a French spelling of a classic diminutive which appears in its English guise at the center of Withycombe's discussion of diminutive forms (ppr. xxxii-xxx---): "Janekin" "Jankin", "Jeynkyn". Note that this is very close visually to Ecaterina Amber of Tospenwood, cited on the letter of intent ("Per bend vert and Or, two oak leaves in bend, stems issuant from the line of division, counterchanged."). While we would normally grant that the oak leaves and trefoils are clearly different, if the distribution of the field tinctures had not been so different with both line of division and arrangement of tinctures differing, we might have held that a visual conflict existed. As it is, the two are clear, although we suspect that there will be some popular confusion between these two Eastern ladies' armoury.

Jasper of Spaldyng. Name and device. Argent, a sinister hand, fingers spread, vert, in chief five torteaux in fess enarched, on a chief gules a jester's bauble fesswise Or, capped vert. Since a number of the members of the College asked, the Groucho Marx character was named Jeffrey Spaulding.

Joseph of the Red Griffin. Change of device. Per bend sinister Or and azure, a bend sinister embattled sable between a griffin segreant gules and two keys in saltire, wards to chief, loops connected by a chain, Or.

Julian of Bergental. Name and device. Argent, a wasp-waisted epinettes des Vosges bendwise sinister proper, on a chief vert, three bells argent. Note that the submitter desired a mountain dulcimer of the "hourglass" type that is familiar to many of us as a more accessible version of the period French "epinette des Vosgers" or the German "Scheitholt" which is usually more like the classic "cigar box dulcimer"). Her documentation noted that the period form of the dulcimer is the epinette des Vosges, although the form shown on the particular page photocopied was squarer. However, the documentation provided for the submission of Gwidia Arrowcastre in 1986 provides support for this form.

Juliana Richenda Trevain. Name only.

King's Heights, College of. Release of name.

Mandan, Canton of. Release of name.

Misty Seacoast, Shire of. Release of name.

Morgana, Shire of. Release of name and device. Per fess sable and vert, a word proper, on a Canton Or, a laurel wreath vert.

Morwynna Cryw. Name and device. Per fess azure and counterermine, a fess wavy argent between a sun in splendor Or and a decrescent moon argent.

Orion's Gate, Shire of. Release of name and device. Argent, a winged demi-stag azure within a laurel wreath vert, on a chief sable three compass stars argent.

Philippa Grey. Name and device. Lozengy argent and purpure, a griffin sejant, dexter foreleg raised, wings elevated and addorsed, sable.

Renato Belisario Pascucci. Name and device. Gules, on a bend between two lozenges Or, an arrow inverted sable, all within a bordure Or.

Roxanne von Halstern. Name only.

Scorched Earth, Shire of. Release of name and device. Gules, a tower within a laurel wreath, all within a bordure rayonny Or.

Settmour Swamp, Barony of. Name for Order of the Ivory Tower. This was pended from the August, 1989, meeting for lack of paperwork supporting the acceptance of the transfer of the name of the Canton of Ivory Tower to the Barony and because paperwork was not provided for the release/transfer of the name by the Barony of Bhakail. This has now been provided.

Silver Tarn, Shire of. Release of name and device. Azure, an anvil within a laurel wreath argent, all within a bordure embattled Or.

Singing Rivers, Canton of. Release of name.

Southern Reaches, Shire of. Release of name.

Swampwater Springs, Shire of. Release of name and device. Azure, three teasels slipped in pile above three barrulets wavy couped, all within a laurel wreath Or.

Tabitha of Erin. Name and device. Argent, four quatrefoils saltirewise conjoined in cross, slips to center and crossed, purpure.

Tauunacea, Shire of. Release of name.

Teric Gwynedd. Change of name from Teric von Aachen and device. Chequy gules and argent, a pair of wings conjoined and on a chief triangular sable, an increscent argent.

Tolling Bells, Canton of. Release of name and device. Gules, a dragon passant within a laurel wreath and in chief three church bells Or.

Twins Suns, College of the. Release of name.

Weeping Downs, Shire of. Release of name.

White Stone, Shire of. Release of name.

Wolfgang Krieger. Device. Quarterly argent and azure, a Maltese cross between in bend two wolf's heads cabossed sable.

Wulfstan Thorhallsson. Name and device. Per fess indented sable and gules, three chevronels inverted braced and a mullet of eight points argent.

KINGDOM OF MERIDIES

Alan Lothinlarsson fra Jorvik. Name only (see RETURNS for badge and household name).

Ammalynne Sternjekrakki Haraldsdottir. Change of name from Ammalynne Starchild Haraldsdottir. Note that the change is merely to translate her already registered (and now unregisterable) epithet into Norse. This is already registered to her and the translation is less immediately problematic for most members of the Society. Therefore, it seems that this is a reasonable use of the Grandfather Clause. Certainly, it had been similarly interpreted in the past.

Brian MacBrand. Badge (see RETURNS for device, second badge and household name). Vert, a caltrap argent within a bordure compony argent and sable.

Brynja of Byrryhyll. Device. Vert, three geese sejant in pall, heads together and conjoined, proper, all within a bordure potenty argent (Anser anser).

Duncan MacDhai of Roxburg. Name and device. Per chevron Or and vert, a chevron ermine between two thistles, slipped and leaved, vert and a trefoil slipped Or.

Ragnar Skaededkudtr Sigtryggson fra Skardstind. Name and device. Sable, a dragon's head couped and on a chief triangular argent, an hourglass gules.

William Guiscard. Badge. A batwinged pike palewise Or.

KINGDOM OF THE OUTLANDS

Adrienne de Champagne. Name and device (see PENDING for badge). Argent, a dragon couchant reguardant three mullets of six points azure.

Aliana merch Gryffydd. Name only. While the given name is not a valid variant of "Arianna", as suggested on the letter of intent, Brachet has been able to document the component parts of the name as a plausible form for a Welsh feminine name. Note that, although the documentation did not specifically support this spelling of "Gryffydd", Brachet has documented that as well as the less usual but permissible usage of unmutated "merch" in a name.

Aric McBride. Name only (see RETURNS for device). His mundane given name appears to be "Aric".

Berold Blackwolf de Gilbert. Badge. Three Latin crosses fitchy conjoined in pall gules, surmounted by a palm tree couped sable.

Citadel of the Southern Pass, Barony of the. Badge for Order of the Calyx Honoris. Azure, a chalice argent between two piles inverted Or.

Diana of the Tulips. Device. Azure, a fess five lozenges Or, ermined gules, between a compass star and a seal naiant to sinister argent.

Dragonsspine, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Dragon's Claw. Azure, a dragon's gamb bendwise and couped at the thigh Or.

Dragonsspine, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Scales of Dragonsspine. Azure, five dragon scales in annulo, points outwards, Or.

Drygestan, Shire of. Name and device. Per pale argent and vert, a blasted tree couped sable, its trunk surmounted by a laurel wreath Or.

Evan Mawr. Badge for Yamashiro Jiro. Sable, three torii in pall, tops outwards, argent between the uprights of each a plate.

Fionnbhárr Starfyr of the Isles. Name and device. Azure, on a bend engrailed between two estoiles, five water bougets azure.

Gerwyn y Teigr. Sable, a double-bitted axe bendwise sinister between two wolf's heads, erased and sinister facing, Or.

Gizela Bailbina Teucer. Device. Azure, a gazelle grazing guardant atop a trimount couped, all within a chaplet of thorn Or.

James Qui Connait. Blazon correction change for badge for Kinscradle Keep. Azure, on a human foot-print palewise argent, a goutte de sang inverted. This position of the goute is not a differencing item and is rather eccentric, but since it has obvious personal meaning tot he submittor we see no reason why we should not restore the indication of orientation that was dropped when the badge was registered in February, 1989.

Jiliana Emlin. Device. Gules, a harpy statant erect, wings addorsed, Or, maintaining in its talon a rose, slipped and leaved, its slip nowed, argent.

Joella of Blue Lion's Keep. Badge. A demi-lion rampant to sinister azure issuant from a bar bretassy couped argent. A similar badge was returned in part due to its crestiform nature. Opinion on this issue was distinctly mixed, with the Western heralds and Laurel herself generally in accord with the long-standing limitation on crestiform submissions, while a number of the members of the College were persuaded by White Stag's arguments and his (admittedly somewhat anomalous) examples of period badges used as crests. (A majority of the commentors said little or nothing on the subject.) While we continue to have some difficulty in seeing how we can limit registration of crests if we allow registration of collocations of charges that have the peculiar look and feel of crests (if it quacks . . .), it is undeniable that there is nothing in the new rules on this issue either way. Although precedent might be held to rule in this case, thus forcing a return in the current instance, we feel that the spirit of the example used under Fieldless Style (VIII.5) of the new rules, the ostrich plumes issuant from the crown, is crestiform enough to lead a reasonable submittor into submitting such a device.

Joella of Blue Lion's Keep. Release of badge. A dragon's gamb bendwise inverted gules, maintaining a hurt.

Kara Galbraith. Change of name from Wendy of Southern Pass.

Leif McBride. Name only (se RETURNS for device).

Liobsynde Behlringere of Ælfhaefen. Name only.

Oudon av Hálogaland. Change of name from Oda av Hálogaland.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Blazon correction for Award of the Protector of the Queen's Heart. Vert, two rapiers inverted in saltire proper, surmounted by a heart, all within a bordure embattled Or.

The precise relationship of the swords was omitted when this was registered in April, 1989.

Outlands, Kingdom of the. Badge for the Order of the Walker of the Way. Argent, a palmer, robed, hooded and bearing a staff sable.

Outlands, Kingdom of the. War Ensign. Pily bendy vert and Or, a stag's attire bendwise sinister gules.

Outlands, Kingdom of the . Title for Wharrow Pursuivant.

Outlands, Kingdom of. Change of seal for White Stag Principal Herald. Two crossed trumpets, bells to chief, surmounted by a scroll bendwise sinister bearing the words "SALTANDI SALTARE", overall a stag salient, the whole within a bordure embattled. This was originally returned for use of the bordure on a fieldless badge and for the use of the motto. It should be noted that there was considerable feeling among the senior heralds in favour of this seal, with some commentors even voicing the opinion that herald's seals should be allowed more leeway in style that other submissions since they are a special "perk" and are not used in the same manner. Laurel cannot agree with this sentiment, understandable as it is: a submittor who had been told his device and badge is too complex and must be simplified and does so will well wonder when he receives a scroll or correspondence stamped with a herald's seal that violated all the rules that he has been told he must obey. "Do what I say, not do what I do!" is not a very good way to win friends and influence people!

Commentary cast doubts on the precedent banning the use of mottos. This has been in place since the tenure of Karina of the Far West (in fact may have been her last official precedent). In the summer of 1978, she had ruled "We don't register mottoes except as part of badges." In the Heraldicon material from the summer of 1979 that position was reversed: "We will no longer register mottoes at all."

Silver Trumpet has pointed out that the current Laurel has in fact registered a motto for the Star Signet. Well, we will admit it: we goofed (last January was a bad month. . .) Even so under the old rules, we would have felt bound to return this submission (strictly speaking we cannot let our goofs set precedent), but the new rules are somewhat looser on the subject: anything that is demonstrably used in period heraldry may be used in Society armoury. Although White Stag drew his arguments from older Society heraldry rather than the mundane, Laurel is aware of several armorial bearings which use a scroll with inscriptions as a significant part of the design (admittedly several of these are attributed arms and the remainder are mostly ecclesiastical armoury, which is occasionally weird). Thus the scroll may be used in such a design, provided that the wording is neither offensive nor sued in such a way that the precise lettering is required for the design.

Owain of Hawksford. Name and device. Argent, a hawk volant to base between two arrows in chevron inverted sable, a base engrailed azure.

Reanna de Loire. Device. Purpure, semy of escallops Or, a unicorn salient afffronty, conjoined at the middle to demi-unicorn rampant and a demi-unicorn rampant to sinister, argent.

Roderick Nightrider. Name and device. Argent, a pall inverted couped between three grenades sable, enflamed proper.

Rosemary of the Woods. Device. Argent, on a chevron between three sprigs rosemary vert, three butterflies argent. She has been granted permission to conflict with Anthea MacGillivray of Cairnagad ("Argent, a chevron sable between two sprigs of rowan vert, fructed gules, and a lynx in summer phase sejant erect proper, perched on a horn fesswise vert [Lynx canadensis]).

Sigmund Shadowhawk. Device. Gules, semy of annulets Or, a hawk, the tip of each wing terminating in a hawk's head, beak to center, per pale sable and argent.

Siobhán McShihy. Name and device. Argent, semy of quatrefoils vert, a fox couchant azure. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Sióbhan McShihy. However, in the Course cited (Ó Corráin & Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 165), the name has the mark in the "a", not the "o", an important difference in pronunciation.

Tess of the Crossings. Name only. Since this uses a diminutive, it would not be permissible under the old rules, but is under the new.

Torn Thornwald. Name and device. Argent, three conch shells palewise azure, on a chief engrailed sable, a feather fesswise argent. Note that the given name is a documented Old English form of a name which probably more usually was spelled with an initial "thorn".

Trystan de Beaumaris. Badge. A demi-dragon Or issuant from a bar wavy couped azure. A similar badge was returned in part due to its crestiform nature. Opinion on this issue was distinctly mixed, with the Western heralds and Laurel herself generally in accord with the long-standing limitation on crestiform submissions, while a number of the members of the College were persuaded by White Stag's arguments and his (admittedly somewhat anomalous) examples of period badges used as crests. (A majority of the commentors said little or nothing on the subject.) While we continue to have some difficulty in seeing how we can limit registration of crests if we allow registration of collocations of charges that have the peculiar look and feel of crests (if it quacks . . .), it is undeniable that there is nothing in the new rules on this issue either way. Although precedent might be held to rule in this case, thus forcing a return in the current instance, we feel that the spirit of the example used under Fieldless Style (VIII.5) of the new rules, the ostrich plumes issuant from the crown, is crestiform enough to lead a reasonable submittor into submitting such a device.

White Mountain, Shire of. Device. Azure, on a pile inverted throughout between six mullets in annulo argent, in pale a sword palewise gules and a laurel wreath vert. Although evocative of the Paramount Pictures logo (after the conflict was called we had to turn to HBO to view the actual logo!), it is clear. It would be better style by far if there were not two different types of charges in two different tinctures on the pile.

KINGDOM OF TRIMARIS

Avelina Courlandon. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Charissa the Compulsive. Device. Per chevron dovetailed argent and purpure, two wool packs sable and a threaded drop spindle argent.

Elizabeth Celie Trousdale. Device. Quarterly argent and vert, a butterfly gules between in saltire four roses counterchanged.

Ellisef Thorvaldsdottir. Name and device. Per pale Or and argent, an escallop inverted, on a chief triangular azure, three Thor's hammers, two and one, Or. Please ask the submittor to draw the Thor's hammers more like Thor's hammers and less like map pointers.

Krystyna Czartoryska. Name only (see RETURNS for device). Several commentors raised the question of the rank of the Czartoryski family. According to the documentation provided by the submittor, they were related to the period Jagiellon dynasty of Lithuania, but do not appear to ever have ruled themselves. While several members of the family played notable roles in Polish/Lithuanian history (most notably after our period, although two members of the family were involved in the assassination of Zygmunt, Grand-Duke of Lithuania), they never seem to have actually reached the rank of ruling dynasty. (The allusion to their ruling in Poland from Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (p. 204), mentioned by Chevron, refers to the role they played behind the scenes of the reign of King Augustus, a role similar to that of Walpole in England.

Otto Botticher von Spreebrücke. Argent, seven swords, bladed fretted to form a mullet of seven points, vert.

Sanchia the Sly. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Seanán ni Mhurcháin MacFerris. Name and device. Per pale argent and Or, two legless demi-wyverns respectant sable, bellied and incensed, and a garb gules, on a chief sable, three pheons Or. The name was submitted as Shannon MacFerris ni Murchain, with little documentation but an extensive persona story. As noted on the letter of intent, "Shannon" is a river in Ireland and is commonly used as a first name, at least in twentieth-century America (it is not the submittor's first name). As the submittor allowed changes to her name, we have substituted the similar-sounding Irish masculine name "Seanán", which is not a diminutive of Sean" but a form in its own right and the name of a number of Irish saints (Ó Corráin & Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 164). The submittor's persona story had her the runaway wife of a man by the name of Terris, but the adoption of the husband's surname in Ireland is a very late custom and a woman retained the family names or patronymics she had at birth even after marriage. The form "McFerris" appears to be Scots rather than Irish, since it can only be documented from Black (p. 493). If the submittor really wished to indicate in period Irish form (or modern Irish, if it comes to that) that she was someone's wife, she would use the form "bean Fhearghuis" after her given name. Note that the name "Murchán is the genitive form (see MacLysaght, Surnames of Ireland, p. 221) and has to be aspirated after the feminine particle. As the form "McFerris" is no longer truly a patronymic, we have moved it after the patronymic. The lady should probably be told that the name does not match her persona history but indicated that she is the daughter of Maruie MacFerris (the original name would have had her the daughter of Fergus MacMurray). Note that the devices pushes at the very borders of complexity under both old and new rules.

KINGDOM OF THE WEST

Adam de Lancastre. Name and device. Gules, a chevron rompu between two crosses formy fitchy at all points and a double-headed eagle displayed argent. As Brachet noted, the blazon for the crosses was drawn from Elvin who, while out of period, can be an excellent source for the most coherent blazon of eccentric variants of ordinaries. While it is true that one form of a cross patoncy would match this emblazon, it is not by any means the normal depiction which is more similar to that shown in Draconarius and Akagawa #172 where the "wolf claws" are obvious, i.e., all three of the "points" on the cross extend outwards and the outer two are partially rounded. AS noted by Draconarius and Akagawa, the cross patoncy is negligibly difference from the cross fleur; this cross has obvious blazonable differences.

Alaric de la Lance sans Pitié. Name and device. Argent, a griffin segreant to sinister and in sinister chief a mullet of eight points sable. The name is typically fantastic, albeit on a period romantic base. It should be pointed out to him that it may not mean what he thinks since these epithets have meaning. We suspect that he is really trying for something like "Alaric sans Pity of the Lance", which in this byname it is the lance that is without pity, not Alaric! He has permission to conflict with Phelan Swordbreaker ("Argent, in fess a gore sable charged with a compass star Or and a griffin segreant to sinister sable."). This is well clear under the new rules with one clear difference for type of secondary, another for position (the change from dexter to sinister chief is not entirely derived from the change in type of charge, as might be considered the case were this a sinister gore), and another for the addition of the tertiary on Phelan's device.

Andrew of Gwent. Name only.

Angus MacDougall. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Björn Jarnberg. Name only (see PENDING for device).

Bran Emrys o Garnhedryn. Name only.

Cassandra Mikael Deveroux. Name only (See PENDING for device).

David the Fretful. Change of name from David Matthias von Teufelberg and change of device. Sable, fretty argent, on a base indented Or, a fret couped sable.

Dugal McAlister. Name and device. Or, a natural panther's head couped sable within a bordure gules.

Gregory of Grand Sea. Change of device. Barry wavy argent and azure, on a pitcher Or a compass star azure.

Hwmffre Hannerdewr. Device. Quarterly gules and sable, in bend two pairs of wings conjoined in lure Or.

James of Salir. Name only. While diligent search of place name sources for the British Isles by much of the College produced no evidence for "Salir" as a locale in western Ireland as stated by the submittor, Green Anchor has been able to locate a town of "Salir" near Faro in southern Portugal. That is all that is required for registration.

John William of Sherborne. Name only.

Jordon Wells of Darkwood. Blazon Correction. Vert, a wolf's head cabossed and on a chief embattled argent, three fir three couped sable.

Julia of Candleshoe. Name only. While the submittor's documentation for the place name was a contemporary work of fiction, Ensign notes that it appears in Ekwall's Concise Oxford Dictionary of Place-names as the actual name of a wapentake in Lincolnshire.

Katherine of Bristol. Release of badge. Per pale sable and Or, a Catherine wheel counterchanged.

Kendra An Teallach. Name and device. Azure, a lion dormant to sinister Or and on a chief argent, three thistles gules, slipped and leaved, leaved. Kendra is her mundane given name. Lanner notes that "An Teallach" is a mountain immediately south of Loch Broom in the Scottish Highlands. As a place name that has been adopted in English usage, this is acceptable, but the submittor should probably be informed that the normal Gaelic usage would interpret the byname as being in apposition to her given name as an epithet, producing an effect that she might not like ("Kendra the Fireplace")! She has permission to conflict with Thomas Longshanks ("Azure, a lion counter-dormant and a chief enarched argent.").

Maura de Coursy. Device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a garden rose, slipped and leaved, within a bordure invected counterchanged.

Meghan of Laurel Wood. Device. Argent, a weeping willow tree eradicated proper, on chief sable, three Celtic crosses argent.

Mordred Boarslayer. Name and device. Per fess argent and sable, a boar passant and a armored fist palewise and appaumy counterchanged, all within a bordure gules.

Oksana Vladislavovna Soroka. Release of badge. Per pale and per bend gules and argent, a sea-magpie erect to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, sable, marked argent. On the August Western letter it had been noted very strongly that this submittor wished to retain this badge and would release it only if absolutely required to in order to register another badge, considered in November and pended under the Board mandate. However, she is now willing to release the badge unconditionally. [Ed. Note: What a difference a month makes!]

Oksana Vladislavovna Soroka. Badge. A sea-magpie erect to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, sable, marked argent. This was pended under the Board mandate at the November meeting since it conflicted with the submittors own badge under the old rules, but was clear under the new. As the old badge has now been released, no conflict now exists and it seems unnecessarily bureaucratic to require the submittor to await Board action before registering her pended badge.

Oksana Vladislavovna Soroka. Badge. Argent, a monster, composed of the hindparts of a griffin and the foreparts of a magpie, passant reguardant to sinister sable, marked argent.

Owen of Carmarthen. Device. Per chevron vert and sable, three dragons segreant Or. While Dolphin (then Silver Trumpet) is correct in noting the interchangeability of the wyvern and dragon in the heraldry of the continent, the Society has always maintained a distinct difference between the two. Therefore this should be clear of Ceallan mac Cuanachtaigh O Conraoi (Per chevron vert and azure, two wyverns erect Or and a tower argent.") under both sets of rules.

Philip of Westmoorland. Name only.

Ragnar Beowulf. Name only.

Rhiannan Lowery. Name and device. Sable, semy of thistles, slipped and leaved, a lynx couchant to sinister argent.

Rodney William Czesny. Badge. Argent, a hawk's head erased and sinister facing gules, beaked Or. This was previously returned for conflict with the device of Garanhir of Ness ("Argent, a wolf's head erased and sinister facing gules."). He now has permission to conflict with Garanhir.

St. Ursula, College of. Device. Argent, two she-bears combattant gules, maintaining between them two arrows inverted in saltire, in base an open book tergiant sable within a laurel wreath proper. We have acceded to the desire of the College to maintain the cant by specifying the sex of the bears (although noone but a he-bear would presumably be able to tell. . . ]. Note that the wreath is proper, rather than vert as blazoned on the letter of intent, as the woody parts are clearly depicted as brown/black. This borders on the edge of overcomplexity under either set of rules.

Thorulf Bittenheart. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Viviane Morgaine de Burgh. Or, a dragonfly within a bordure azure charged with three acorns Or.

Wulfric of Creigull. Change of device. Vert, on a pale engrailed between two Latin crosses argent, a Latin cross vert.

RETURNS 12/89

KINGDOM OF ANSTEORRA

Culvanawd MacLeod. Name only. Brachet's doubts concerning the actual use of the name "Culcanawd" by real humans in period, despite its use in the Mabinogion, are well-founded. Like many other Welsh names,this one has a meaning ("slender awl") and appears in a context that makes it almost certain that this is a "joke name" or personification, as suggested by Brachet. Brachet did some heavy linguistic analysis to come up with alternate components which might be used to manufacture a period-style name, but the submitter unfortunately allows no changes whatsoever to his name so we cannot implement any of them.

Diarmait ui Dunn. Name only. Unfortunately, he allows no changes to his name so that the minor problems with the grammar of the patronymic cannot be corrected. "Ui" is Old Irish but is either a nominative plural or genitive singular form of the noun "ua". It is appropriately used to denote a family as a whole (the Irish equivalent of "the O'Connors", for instance). For an individual it would only be used in a context where the genitive is called for such as in a possessive (e.g.., "bean Sheáin Uí Briain" for the "wife od John O'Brian"). In a patronymic form it should be "ua", the nominative singular form. Moreover, if the Irish form is used, the aspirated genitive form of the given name would be required in the patronymic: "ua Dhyunn". If he wishes to use "Dunn" as it stands, he would need to use the Anglicized form "O'Dunn".

Gwynydd ferch Dafydd. Device. Per bend sinister barry azure and argent and argent, in sinister base a cross formy azure. We were compelled to agree with Silver Trumpet that this was just too close to the arms of David ("Argent, a cross paty azure.", as cited in Papworth, p. 604), particularly in view of the fact that she is using the same surname. There is a major point under the old rules for the field difference, but the modification of position is, as Silver Trumpet notes, derivation from the modification of the field and cannot contribute difference. Under the new rules there is a clear visual difference for the field, but again the difference in position of cross is caused by the change to the field and therefore is not an independent difference (Arrangement Changes, C.4.g).

Ivar Skalla-grimr. Name only. This submissions was previously returned in April, 1988, on the grounds that "Skalla Grimr" appears to be a unique epithet referring to the father of Egil of the Egil's Saga. Grim Kveldulfsson became bald at an unusually young age and so became known as "Bald Grim" or "Skallagrim". The submitter has appealed on the grounds that the name appears in a list headed "Old Norse Personal Names" from Barber's British Family Names (p. 27) and thus cannot be considered to be a unique epithet. As Habicht has pointed out, Barber took many of the names on this list from the Landnámabók, which refers to the history of Iceland, where Grim the Bald fled and thus could refer to him. It should also be noted that Barber was not an Old Norse expert and the listing contains a number of names that are demonstrably epithets rather than given names in general usage (e.g., "Reythrsitha" which Geirr Bassi shows as an epithet meaning "whale coast". "Rafa-kollr" which Geirr Bassi shows as "amber-colored baldpate", etc.). This, taken together with some of the spelling errors, indicates that the process of abstracting names from the Landnámabók was rather similar to that which some amateurs in the Society have used with translations to produce name lists: the text (in the original or more likely an annotated translation) was scanned for any appearances by individuals and the names by which the individuals were mentioned were deemed to be personal names (which they were) with little effort given to critical analysis. Imagine a similar process applied to an account of a Society War: you might end up with a list of names that include "Lucky", "Bellatrix", "Jade", "Guy", Frederick", "Flieg", "William", "de Sevigny", etc. Some of these are names which could be used by anyone as a given name, some could only be used as epithets, some would probably be considered unique epithets by many in the Society. You see the problem. The submitter has not really demonstrated that the epithet can be used as he wishes.

Julia de la Montoya. Name and device. Azure, a bend sinister between three mullets of four points, two and one, and a tower, all Or. By the submitter's own documentation from Woods and Alvarez-Altman, Spanish Surnames in the Southwestern United States (p. 94), "Montoya" is a surname referring to one who came from Montoya in Spain. The article is inappropriate before the place name, but the submitter allows no changes to her device. Under the old rules, this device conflicts with a number of Society devices dues to the "secondary limit", including Blari Dubois ("Azure, a bend sinister between a cat sejant guardant and a dove close Or."), Barbara Caballeus ("Azure, a bend sinister Or between in chief an open book argent, leathered Or, and in base a horse trippant Or". Under the new rules both these conflicts are clear. However, under both the old and new rules there remains a conflicts with the arms of Fetzer notes by Silver Trumpet ("Azure, a bend sinister Or.", as cited in Woodward, p. 134): there is only the addition of the secondaries which produces a major point or a single clear visual difference, depending on the set of rules you are using. This is not sufficient.

KINGDOM OF ATLANTIA.

Marie de la Terre. Device. Azure, on a chevron argent between three garbs Or, three crosses fleury palewise sable. As noted by several commentors, this is just too close visually to the arms of Comyn ("Azure, a chevron ermine between three garbs Or.", cited in Papworth, p. 429). While this is clear on technical "count" the only effective change between the two is crosses for ermine spots as a quick sketch of the device drawn from blazon in the period manner showed.

Meara of Caer Dubh. Name only. As Brachet noted, "Caer" is Welsh while "Dubh" is Gaelic and Irish. If the lady had allowed changes to her name as did her sister, we could have modified this to the entirely Welsh form proposed by Brachet: "Caer Ddu". As it is the name as a whole has to be returned.

Muirgen of Caer Dubh. Device. Per fess wavy argent and azure, in pale a tower sable, charged with a sword Or, and two barrulets wavy azure. As Star Emeritus notes, this is in conflict with Elaine Ladd (Per fess wavy argent and barry wavy azure and argent, in chief a tower sable, enflamed proper."). Under both sets of rules this is a clear visual conflict, as the weight of the barry lower portion of the field in Elaine's device and the azure with barrulets here are almost identical. Under the old rules, the enflaming of the tower would be a minor and the addition of the sword a minor, which is not enough to carry them clean. Under the new rules, the addition of the sword would be one difference, but the enflaming does not seem to clear the obvious visual similarity here.

Ragnar Thordarson. Device. Or, a dolphin naiant embowed and a dolphin naiant to sinister, embowed and inverted, both vert, spined gules, within a bordure engrailed azure. Unfortunately, this conflicts with the device registered to Kenelm Reimund of the Plains in July, 1989: "Argent, in pale a dolphin naiant to sinister vert, spined and finned gules within a bordure engrailed azure." Under either set of rules, the only difference is the field tincture.

Rowan Brianna MacLellan. Device. Vert, a sea-griffin erect maintaining a cross crosslet fitchy Or. We had to agree with Brachet that this was a conflict with Niall Kilkierny ("Vert, a winged sea-lion rampant Or."). Even if you allow a full major point under the old rules and a clear a visual difference under the new for the type of monster, we could not see giving the additional difference needed under either set of rules for the tiny cross the monster holds.

KINGDOM OF CAID

Amron al-Tashali. Device. Or, in bend sinister a hooded veil affronty and a scimitar bendwise, a sinister gore, all sable. While Silver Trumpet is correct that the gore is usually considered by definition a secondary charge since it issues from the flanks of the shield, in spirit this is "slot machine heraldry". To this anomaly is added the marginally identifiable "hooded veil", which was only identifiable after reading the blazon (like Star, we took it at first to be a form of helm). While we sympathize with the submitter's selection of motifs, if Amron is a Tashali nija type, the device is just to anomalous in style to register, under old or new rules.

Niobe Lais. Device. Vert, a domestic cat couchant argent within a bordure Or. Conflict with Home ("vert, a lion rampant argent within a bordure Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 123).

Talena of Evenstar. Name only. Under the old rules "Talena", which the submitter stated was invented, would have had to be returned because of its association with Pern. That is not a problem in and of itself. However, the byname raised a number of twitches with the college with its overtones of non-human origin. The use of the given name with this particular byname also created severe twitches amongst the Dragonflight devotees in view of the association of the star with the Threads.

KINGDOM OF CALONTIR

Friedrich de la Grimace. Device. Sable, on a triangle OR a pair of bat wings displayed sable, all within a bordure of flames proper. Under both sets of rules this is a conflict with Damon Hawke ("Sable, a triangle Or charged with another sable."). Valid concerns were also expressed in the College about the use of the conjoint batwings on a gold background (albeit the classic depiction of the "quasi-arms of pretense" of Batman are on oval fesswise and this is the form recently and aggressively protected). Finally, the bordure of flame proper here, particularly as depicted in the emblazon as individual tiny points of red placed on almost separated yellow tongues of flames, is not really a period effect and the entire collection of charges comes perilously close to what one commenter called "biker heraldry".

KINGDOM OF THE EAST

Haven's End, Borough of. Name only. It is not clear whether this is an incipient official group or a meta-household (the only designation on the forms was "This is a designation for Wesleyan University). As noted in the return of the Borough of Felding in November, 1989, there are problems with the use of the term "Borough" in the context of the current territorial structure. Since it has previously been registered for non-territorial "College/Canton" type groups in the East without official status, it cannot really be recognized as an official designation equivalent (unless or until all "unofficial boroughs" either become official or their registered items are released). On the other hand, as several commentors have notes, the term is not really appropriate for a household or other non-territorial group. Moreover, if this is a non-official group, under the current policy they would have to register a badge to have the name and it would have to be registered to an individual (the contact on the forms is the Barony of Dragonship Haven).

Ichijo Honen. Device. Argent, four Japanese closes in saltire widdershins, arrondy, voided and issuant from the edges of the shield, sable. We were compelled to agree with those commentors who felt that the cloves were too complex a charge to void (or chase or fimbriate, depending on how you were looking at the cloves). Already difficult to identify because of their position and unfamiliarity to Western eyes, they become a classic "thin-line" heraldry" when voided. This is a problem not only under the old rules (AR6c, Complexity Limit) but also under the new (Armorial Identifiability, VIII.3:" Voiding and fimbriation may only be used with simple geometric charges placed in the center of the design.)

Jean de la Rue. Device. Or, semy of cloves azure, on a fess sable, three saltorels couped argent. Under the old rules, this conflicts with Whytock ("Or, goutty de poix, a fess sable." as cited in Papworth, p. 707): only a minor point is allowed for changing the tincture of a semy (Major Changes to Minor Charges, DoD. B.7) and a minor for adding the tertiary since the semy is present here and the semy is considered as a charges, not a field treatment. While these are blazoned as cloves, they are well within the parameters for depiction of gouttes and thus no real difference is derived from type. Under the new rules, this would be clear of Whytock, since one difference is derived from the tincture change of the semy (Tincture Changes, X.4.d) and another for the addition of the tertiaries (Addition of Charges on Charges, X.4.i). However, it would conflict with Cobull ("Or, on a fess sable, three crosses crosslet argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 788): there is one change for addition of the semy but, as there is only one change to the tertiaries, this does not fall clear.

KINGDOM MERIDIES

Alan Lothinlarsson fra Jorvik. Badge for Kauthiflugarstaddir. Or, a housefly rampant guardant to sinister proper, garbed and capped in a jester's motley lozengy vert and gules (Musca domestica). A number of commentors had negative comments about the lack of period style in the fly and the household name, but when it comes down to it, the real problem is contrast. (After all, we do have lions playing bagpipes in the Society, don't we?. . .) The fly is proper an cannot be blazoned otherwise sine the body is blackish but the eyes are distinctly "fly green" and the wings are grey-white. Furthermore, motley may not be of two colours (it could be a colour and a metal). Were fly entirely sable and the motley better in contrast (e.g., argent and gules), then the badge would be more acceptable. However, we would like a bit more evidence on the proper formation of the place name, particularly the "rogue fly" component.

Brian MacBrand. Device. Per chevron inverted enhanced sable and gules, in pale a compass star elongated to base gules, fimbriated, and a crescent inverted argent, all within a bordure compony argent and sable. It was the consensus of the College that the combination of the stylistic solecisms was truly excessive. When the issue of the use of compony bordures was discussed in 1987, the consensus seemed to be against its use in this sort of context, despite supporting mundane precedents, and this consensus does not seem to have changed. Additionally, although the "grandfather clause" might be adduced in the case of the fimbriated star from his lady's device, it is less clear whether it could be applied in the case of a crescent based on that of an early fighting instructor (Caridoc of the Bow) and there was strong feeling that the two together were excessive fimbriation. Finally, as drawn, the "field" is not truly per chevron inverted, but is really a wide pile. As such, it is not only colour upon colour, but should not have a crescent between its point and the base of the shield. While this submission, submitted as an appeal over a return by Pennon, addressed the problem of the fimbriated crescent, it did not sufficiently address the problem of the bordure compony and sought to avoid the problem of depiction of the field with a charge beneath by reblazoning and slightly redrawing it. However, now it is more a "chief triangular" which still breaks tincture and does not resolve the problem of an argent and sable compony on the compony portion of the field.

Brian MacBrand. Badge. A bobcat rampant reguardant chequy sable and argent, pendant from its rear claw a crescent inverted argent. We had to agree with Brachet that this is visually in conflict with the cited arms of Blackburn ("Gules, a lion rampant chequy argent and sable."): the dominant impression is the leonine body and claws and the striking tincturing of the beast.

Brain MacBrand. Household name for Clan Darkwood. Under both sets of rules, this is a direct conflict with the Barony of Darkwood.

Sionyn Murigen ni Dhomnall. Badge for Dolphinsgate. Sable, goutty d'eau, a dolphin haurient argent. As Silver Trumpet pointed out, the household name technically conflicts with the title of the Dolphin Herald of Caid. The badge, lovely as it is, conflicts with the device of Valency Quicksilver ("Sable, goutty d'eau, an apple tree eradicated argent, fructed of five apples vert."): as the fructing is artistic detail and does not contribute difference, the only difference under both sets of rules is the change of primary charge. Under both set of rules this is not enough to carry this clear since "complete difference of charge" cannot function where a semy is present.

KINGDOM OF THE OUTLANDS

Anastasia Winogrodzka. Badge. A Cross of four ermine spots vert. this was originally returned in May, 1989, with the following commentary: "As this is a fieldless badge, it conflicts with the arms of Blake ("Argent, a cross fleury vert.", as cited in Papworth, p. 608) and Dawbney ("Or, a cross fleury vert.", ibid, p. 616). With the best will in the world we could see no more than a minor point of difference between the cross of conjoined ermine spots and the cross fleury." White Stag has appealed this return on the grounds that the cross of four ermine spots is a distinct charge from the cross fleury (as illustrated by at least seven widely variant depictions which White Stag's excellent spots adds the dots of the ermine sports around the center of the cross (in the depiction used on the badge, this comes out to a sort of attenuated set of lozenges conjoined to form a voided square overlying the center of the cross). While not denying that there could be legitimate differences in the depiction of a cross of ermine spots, there was a fairly strong focus in commentary on the fact that the College has to consider the submitted emblazon and that emblazon is almost identical to a cross fleury, save for the frou-frou at its center. This being the case, this has to be considered in conflict with the cited devices, under both the old rules and the new, although they are farther apart under the new rules.

Aric McBride. Device. Per pall sable, azure and ermine, two winged unicorns combattant, that to dexter argent, that to sinister sable, in chief two mullets argent and a compass star elongated to base Or, two and one. While we grant this gentle the right to have his twin conflict by a mirror (although some may thing it discourteous to so confuse the populace). However, this does not exempt the submission from the limits on complexity and this exceeds those limits under both sets of rules: five tinctures and at least four sets of charges, if you blazon the chief triangular as such to avoid the ambiguities of the two types of mullets in a group with the unicorns. Even without the two different types and tinctures of mullets in the same group in chief this would be dicey. As it is it falls over the edge of permissibility.

Jago Redbeard. Device. Ermine, a saltire vert, overall an hourglass Or. This was returned in May, 1989, for violation of the rule that charges overall must have sufficient contrast with the field, not the underlying charges, unless the design was inherently such that the overlying charge would lie almost entirely on the underlying charges. White Stag has appealed this essentially on two grounds: that period heraldry allowed Or on ermine and that, if drawn properly, the saltire by definition would be drawn thickly enough that the hourglass would lie almost entirely on the vert. While there was significant support for the appeal in the College, it was difficult to collate since many of those who supported the appeal in the particular case opposed the arguments presented and in other cases, those who approved the arguments presented opposed the appeal in the particular case. Master Erasmierz is correct when he notes that late period heraldry did place ermine on Or or, more commonly Or on ermine. Most of the examples cited were granted or confirmed or appeared in rolls from the Tudor period and there is some doubt as to whether the use of ermined furs as a generally neutral colour was all that common in period. Be that as it may, long since the College of Arms decided that the interests of the Society, particularly its need for heraldry recognizable in battle conditions in poor weather or across a large encampment required somewhat higher standards of contrast than prevail in contemporary mundane heraldry. This decision was reviewed and discussed at some length in the course of the rules discussion and there was considerable support for strengthening the requirements for contrast, not weakening them (there was a point that our fevered imagination conjured up images of small groups of militant heralds making up signs and marching on the Symposium chanting "No more gules on pean!"). That being said, there would not seem to be a compelling to alter the basis of contrast worked out over twenty years or so on the basis of the relatively anomalous exemplars adduced by White Stag, although his arguments are by no means empty. This means that the issue must be decided on the question of the predictability of the size of the saltire as drawn by White Stag. Unfortunately, neither mundane nor Society heraldry really have a default practice for drawing ordinaries when they underlie charges overall (this is partly because charges are not surmounted in this manner nearly so often as they are themselves charged). Pulling examples of saltires with charges overall from the files did not encourage us to believe that the saltire would be drawn as robustly as White Staff drew it and it is clear that, without this guarantee, the submission should not be registered.

John the Heretic. Name and Device. Sable, a torch Or, enflamed proper, maintained by a sinister hand fesswise and couped argent. Laurel, like Habicht, immediately thought of John Hus, even before flipping the pages to look at the device. For those who are not immediately conversant with the history of eastern Europe or of the Church Councils, Hus was Rector of the University of Prague and got into heretical hot water by preaching against simony and the burning of Wycliffe's books. Eventually, he was excommunicated and, when he continued preaching with much popular support, was placed under interdict with the entire city of Prague. In the end, he was called before the Council of Constance under a promise of safekeeping but was nonetheless tried for hearsay and burned alive. He became something of a hero for Czech nationalists and the betrayal of the safe conduct was a controversial in its day as the Dreyfus case at the beginning of this century. The name alone would be dicey (and caused significant twitches in the College), but taken in context with the torch on the submitted device, it is a bit too much. The device conflicts, as several people noted, with the badge of the British 218th Brigade ("Sable, a cresset torch palewise Or, enflamed gules."). It also conflicts with the Boniface of Tennequay ("Sable, a coney rampant argent, maintaining a torch Or."): when Boniface's device was submitted by the East, there was a considerable feeling that it should have been blazoned "in fess a torch and a bunny rabbit"...

Leif McBride. Device. Per pall sable, ermine and azure, two winged unicorns combattant, that to dexter sable that to sinister argent, in chief two mullets argent and a compass star elongated to base Or, two and one. While we grant this gentle the right to have his twin conflict by a mirror (although some may thing it discourteous to so confuse the populace). However, this does not exempt the submission from the limits on complexity and this exceeds those limits under both sets of rules: five tinctures and at least four sets of charges, if you blazon the chief triangular as such to avoid the ambiguities of the two types of mullets in a group with the unicorns. Even without the two different types and tinctures of mullets in the same group in chief this would be dicey. As it is it falls over the edge of permissibility. [Ed. Note: Block moves do have their function in life . . .]

KINGDOM OF TRIMARIS

Aveline Courlandon. Device. Or, a monkey rampant azure, wearing a Phrygain cap gules, on a sinister gore vert, a heart argent. The combinations of tinctures and charges push complexity levels under both the old rules and new. (There are five tinctures and three types of charges, even without counting the cap as a separate charge.) Moreover, as noted by more than one commentor, the monkey is touching the fore in such a manner as to make it clear the intended effect is to have the monkey "lift the golden curtain" to reveal the heart behind. This is not a period heraldic design.

Barbara of the Crossroads. Device. Sable, a bend sinister between two fleeces Or. Under the old rules, this still conflicts with the same items that her submission did when her name was registered in August, 1988: Harold of Gryphon Wald ("Sable, a bend sinister OR between a sword inverted bendwise and a quill pen bendwise sinister argent.") and the badge of Hermann Otto Koehlermann ("Sable, a bend sinister OR."). Under the new rules, which would allow one difference for the type of secondaries and another for the tincture, it would be clear of the conflict with Harold, but the conflict remains with Hermann since there is only one difference for the addition of the secondaries.

Krystyna Czartoryska. Device. Per bend rayonny argent and gules, a wing proper and a decrescent argent. The wing was blazoned on the letter of intent and forms as proper and is in fact brown so it cannot be reblazoned in any heraldic tincture. If there had been any method of determining what sort of wing this was intended to be, we would have pended this for appropriate commentary and conflict-checking. However, the depiction of the wing is such that, although clearly designed to be naturalistic even to pendant tip feathers, it was exceedingly unclear what type of wing this should be. As the wing is obviously of great importance to the submitter (her forms specifically forbade as the only colour change not permitted any changes to the wing), we felt this had to be returned for clarification/redesign.

Sanchia the Sly. Device. Azure, two scarpes wavy between a winged pig volant and a garden rose, slipped and leaved, argent. Under both old and new rules this conflicts with Jacques du Bar sur le Loup ("Azure, two scarpes wavy between a wolf's head cabossed and a fleur-de-lys argent."): the only difference is the change of type of secondary and that is insufficient under either set of rules.

Seumas Moray. Change of device. Azure, a sea-goat rampant, in chief ram's heads caboshed, one and two, argent. On the letter of intent, this was submitted as a blazon correction with the grounds that the Lymphad files showed the mullets on the registered device to be ram's heads. However, this problems was addressed when the submission was originally submitted in 1987: since the emblazon sheets sent on showed mullets rather than ram's heads, the submission was pended, when originally considered in October of that year. At the time when the device was registered, this fact and its cause was noted specifically: "This was pended from the October meeting because on the letter of intent the 'mullets Or' were blazoned as 'ram's head caboshed argent'". Despite this, neither the submitter not any Trimarian herald made any objection to the registered form at that time. To consider a change, we would need new emblazon sheets and a submission fee. However, it should be noted that Chevron is correct in stating that under the old rules this would be a conflict with Eric Silverhart ("Azure, a sea stag erect, in chief three hearts argent.") As Eric's device had been registered in 1981, Seumas' in the form suggested could not have been registered in 1987 or 1988. Under the new rules there is a clear visual difference for the change in type of secondary, but the difference in type of sea-monster is dicier and there is definitely a visual assonance. On the whole, if he does wish the ram's heads, he might be best advised to submit them as Or, just as the mullets on the submitted (and registered) emblazon.

Stanson Garrette. Name and device. Gyronny purpure and argent, a compass star Or. Although submitted as a new name and device, these were in fact returned by Laurel in December, 1988. The reasons for the return at that time still hold: "The given name is clearly a patronymic formation and, as such, is not permissible as a given name unless definite period exemplars can be found. The device alas conflicts with Paul of Sunriver, ("Azure, a compass star Or."). The documentation now provided from Kolatch is extremely dicey and the fact that "Stanley", "Stanton" and other names derived from place names are now used as given names does not really justify this name in period. The mullet blazoned on the letter of intent as a compass star as depicted on the emblazon sheet substituted rounded "bumps" for the usually more pronounced lesser rays. If it were a normally depicted compass star, there would be no doubt that it conflicts with Paul of Sunriver under both sets of rules: there would be only one difference for the field. Taking together the two depictions we have had provided, we have to come to the conclusion that a compass star is intended and that any variation is not different enough to carry it clear of Paul.

Suzanne Renee Barineay. Badge for Householde de Firenze. Or, a pall inverted sable between a cushion saltirewise purpure, a domestic cat sejant sable and a fleur-de-lys vert. The "House of Florence" are the di Medici. . .Even if there were no problem with the name, however, it would have to be returned since the badge cannot be registered: it is the classic example of "slot machine heraldry" which is specifically banned under the old rules (AR6c) and the new (Tincture and Charge Limit, VIII.1.a).

Victoria of Swansea. Device. Vert, a swan naiant proper within a bordure plumetty argent and sable. Despite the blazon on the letter of intent, which made the bird Or, the swan is in fact proper (argent, masked sable, beaked Or) which puts it into conflict with the arms of van Juchen ("Vert, in water a swan naiant proper.", as cited in Papworth, p. 307), as noted by Mistress Marta: even if the water depiction is reasonably substantial, it would be azure and thus fade into the vert to a degree that the visual conflict would remain.

Ynesse of Caer Brugh. Change of name from Patricia of Wyvernwood. The name was returned in February, 1989. At that time the reasons for return and suggested alternates were stated as follows: "No documentation was provided for the name other than that it was made up on the basis of a word from a period Welsh dictionary meaning 'soon'. As many commentors noted, if something is a common noun, it cannot be a made-up name and the nearest form we could find for this was 'Ynys' (='island'). The Spanish form of 'Agnes' (Iñez') might be close enough for her, although it is not Welsh. Alternatively, she might prefer 'Annest' which sounds similar to the submitted form and is the documented name of a daughter of a twelfth-century king of Gwynedd (Gruffudd, p.10). Although Brug can be documented as an English name (='Borough'), it should be in Welsh to be sued with 'Caer' and we could not find this form (or determine what the submitter desired, since no desired meaning was indicated)." The documentation for the appeal includes a resubmission of the lengthy persona story to which the submitter is clearly very attached, but persona stories are irrelevant to registration and in this case the story owes less to period sources than nineteenth-century fairy tale redaction. Documentation also includes xeroxes of the Welsh dictionary from which the form which the submitter believes means "soon" in Welsh is derived. This supports Brachet's conclusion that he submitter has mistake the "I" from the early printed dictionary for a long "s" and thus the lexicographical entry is in fact "Yn y lle". thus, the usage is not a single word, but three, and has no "s" in it: it literally means "in the place" ("yn" "in", "y" = "the", "lle" = "place". While Brachet is correct that this technically removes the objection that the form is a common noun, as the submitter's past (and current) documentation indicates, it does not produce evidence for it as an alternate of any other name or as a valid manufactured name. (Note that the submitter has presumably specifically rejected alternated forms based on names such as "Iñez" since these were suggested at the time of original return.) The place name still is problematic. Originally documented as a free-standing English place name "brugh" is now documented from an early Irish text as the name of a fairy mound on the Boyne. There are two problems with this. First, the word is now documented as an adjectival form in Irish, when it still needs to be Welsh to go with"Caer". Second, the name looks very much as if she is claiming to come from that particular fairy mound.

KINGDOM OF THE WEST

Angus MacDougall. Device. Or, a castle gules between four torteaux, three and one. After much consideration and a lot of picture comparisons, we were forced to the conclusion that the visual difference between the triple-towered castle as usually depicted in mundane heraldry and the castle depicted here (with two-towers) is not enough to produce a clear minor under the old rules. Thus, under both old and new rules the addition of the torteaux is all that differences this from the arms of Grzymala cited from Woodward (p. 359) by Silver Trumpet: "Or, a castle triple-towered gules, the port open, the portcullis sable." On the other hand, we have traditionally allowed more difference for a tower, as opposed to a castle, as the two are depicted significantly differently in mundane heraldry (see Woodward, Plate XXXII) and thus this would not be a conflict under either set of rules with the arms of Castillo (Woodward, P. 744), also cited by Silver Trumpet: "Or, a tower-triple towered gules."

Thorulf Bittenheart. Device. Or, in bend sinister a rose and three wolf's teeth, issuant from dexter base, sable. Conflict with Wildenfels ("Or, a rose sable.", as cited in Woodward, o. 324) under both old and new rules: the only difference is the addition of the wolves's teeth since the change in position of the rose is purely derived from the addition of the secondary charge.

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