Deirdre ní Phádraig mac Griogair. Device. Quarterly purpure and argent, in saltire a garden rose argent, slipped Or, and a garden rose gules, slipped vert, all within a bordure embattled counterchanged. This was pended from the November meeting for further conflict checking because of improper blazon on the letter of intent.

James nic Edom. Badge. Azure, a cobra coiled affronty argent within a bordure Or. This was pended from the November meeting for further conflict checking because of improper blazon on the letter of intent.


Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Name for Award of the Queen's Rapier.

Bjornsborg, Barony of. Badge. A sprig of alamosa palewise Or, slipped argent. Although the charge was blazoned as "argent, leafed Or" on the letter of intent, the nature of the foliage is such that the primary charge is predominantly Or. Therefore, we have modified the blazon to make the tincture balance clear. Note that this is not in conflict with the badge of Gerraint ap Llewellyn ("Azure, an oak sprig bendwise fructed Or."): in addition to the difference for fielded versus unfielded badge, there is a difference in orientation of the primary charge between bendwise and palewise.

Bors of Lothian. Device. Per fess vert and gules, on a fess embattled counterembattled Or a raven, displayed and sinister­facing, sable, in chief two mullets of four points Or.

Cedric Raedwulfing Fithelere. Change of name from Cedric Raedwulfing se Fithelere.

Cyneheard Dunnering. Name and device. Per pale wavy azure and argent, in fess a cock statant, wings elevated and addorsed, proper and a decrescent azure.

Darcy Eveline o Lasgwm. Name only. The name was submitted as Darcy Eveline of Green Vale with the request that the byname be translated into Welsh if possible. Mistress Keridwen has discovered an actual location in Wales with the meaning "Green Valley", i.e., "Glasgwm". With soft mutation after the preposition "o", the byname then becomes "o Lasgwm".

Eadric Anstapa. Name and badge. Azure, a dragon's gambe fesswise reversed holding a grenade Or, enflamed proper. As the gambe is scaled, not feathered, we assume it was meant to be a dragon's gambe. Since the dragon's gambe is the primary charge, it is clear under both old and new rules by the addition of a primary charge from Dancastle ("Azure, a fireball Or, flamed proper.", as cited in Papworth, p. 835).

Eric Blackmoor. Name only. It might be a kindness to warn the submittor that there may be some confusion with Eric Greymoor, a royal peer from a neighbouring kingdom. . .

Graywood, Shire of. Badge. Per fess embattled argent and vert, in pale a compass star and a fir tree couped counterchanged.

Graywood, Shire of. Badge. Per fess embattled argent and vert, in pale a fir tree couped and a compass star counterchanged.

Graywood, Shire of. Badge. Per fess embattled vert and argent, in pale two swords in saltire and a compass star counterchanged. This group should be warned that, as a shire, under the new rules they will be barred from registering any further badges until one or more of these badges are released.

Guillaume de Bordeaux. Name and device. Gules, a wolf's head erased between two scarpes Or.

Gwenhwyvar Lann ni Ruaidhri. Name and device. Per fess vert and sable, on a fess wavy argent a dragon dormant vert.

Gwyneth Blackrose. Name only.

Jeanne Cheronnet de Champagne. Name only (see PENDING for device). The name was submitted as Jeannesson Cheronnet de Champagne. As "Jeannesson" is by the submittor's own documentation a patronymic surname, we have substituted the given name from which this surname was derived.

Katharine Marie von Dessau. Name only.

Mari ferch Rathtyen. Change of name from Elizabeth d'Eresby. The name had been previously returned for lack of documentation. It was submitted as Mari ferch Rathyen, with the documentation from a translation of the Mabinogion. Mistress Keridwen has shown fairly convincingly that the spelling used here derives from an out­of­period misreading of the original manuscript. While Mistress Keridwen could not, as she wished, call the submittor to find out what her wishes actually were, the forms specifically indicated that the submittor would accept a change to the form "Rathtyen" which is documented in the manuscripts. So we have done this.

Michael Edwards. Device. Argent, on a pale doubly endorsed vert, an angel argent, a chief invected gules, mulletty Or. Please ask the submittor to draw all the endorses of equal width.

Pedrwn Merchion. Device. Or, a bend sinister vert between a sword palewise and a double­bitted axe palewise sable. Under the old rules this would be a conflict with Gyongyver a Vitezaszszony ("Or, a bend sinister vert, overall a hawk close sable, beaked and legged gules.").

Peregrine of the Crescent Hawks. Name and device. Per chevron Or and gules, three hawks close counterchanged, on a chief nebuly gules, three crescents Or.

Peregrine of the Crescent Hawks. Name for Ty'r Lleuad Hela. The name means House of the Hunter's Moon. Note that, although the name would have in itself been registerable under the old rules, the old administrative rules in effect at the time the submission was sent to the College would have required submission of a badge in connection with the household name. As the new administrative handbook which removed this requirement was approved at the January Board meeting, we feel that this can be registered, but the submittor and his consulting herald could not have been certain that this would have been the case.

Steppes, Barony of the. Name for the Gilded Hand.

Thorland O'Shea. Name only.

Thorvald Bloodaxe. Name only.

Ulfrikr Thorinsson av Gotland. Name only.

William Gregor Grant. Name and device. Per chevron embattled azure and gules, in sinister chief a crescent argent. Under the old rules, the name would have been in conflict with William le Grant who is mentioned as an ancestor of the Grant clan (Moncreiffe, Highland Clans, p. 2).Under the new rules, the addition of the middle name carries the two clear. Under the old rules, this would also have conflicted with Luce ("Azure, a crescent argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 54), since only a minor point could be derived from the field and a minor for the shift of position. Under the new rules, there is a difference for the field and the radical and clear­cut difference in position from the normal position for a primary charge to a position definitely in sinister canton must be considered another difference. (Note that, as under the old rules, such positional changes must be considered on a case by case basis as they can be affected by the presence of other charges and other design elements.)


Adelgar von Speyer. Device. Per pale azure, ermined argent, and argent, ermined, azure, three castles counterchanged argent and azure. The submission was pended from the November meeting for further conflict checking since the blazon on the original letter of intent was incorrect.


Adolphus von Brocken. Name and device. Vert, on a mullet of four points Or, a fer­a­loup gules. While it is not a bar to registration, the submittor should probably be informed of the close association between the Brocken and witchcraft, if he is not already aware of this. (As his forms indicate that the place name is an attempt at echoing his mundane family name of "Brock", he may well not be familiar with the fact that the mountain was the traditional site of the German witches' meeting on Walpurgis Night and, as such, was used in Goethe's Faust as the site for the scene with the witches.).

Aidan Brandr Arinbjornson. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Alaric of Gyldenholt. Name and device. Per fess argent and per pale gules and sable, in pale a dragon statant to sinister vert and a sword fesswise reversed argent. Please ask the submittor to draw his dragon not only in a more traditionally statant posture but also as a more traditionally identifiable dragon. [The somewhat irreverent consensus of the meeting was that, if the submittor was not trying to draw a cross between a triceratops and tyrannosaurus rex, he badly needed to subcontract rendition of his armoury.].

Alfric Rolfson. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Alisande of Fenny Drayton. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, an iris and a dove close to sinister counterchanged.

Arthur Phillip van Zanten. Name and device. Per pale sable and Or, a dragon and a griffin combattant counterchanged and a chief triangular gules.

Bronwyn Dubh Brion. Name and device. Argent, a griffin sejant and on a chief azure, an arrow, barb to sinister, Or.

Casia Thessalonica apo Constantinopolios. Name only. The name was submitted as Casia Thessalonica apo Constantinopolis. Since the submittor's stated intent was to have a grammatical Greek form, we have modified the place name to produce an acceptable koine form such as might have appeared on an inscription of the late Hellenistic or early Byzantine era. On the whole, this is an acceptable early Byzantine name, although it is one which has some unusual features. Whether or not the name of Alexander the Great's sister actually was "Thessalonica" is irrelevant (the name means "Thessalian victory" and may actually allude to the victories of Philip of Macedon in Thessaly): by the late Roman period the adjective "Thessalonicus" would be understood to designate an inhabitant of the city of Thessalonica (classical Therma, modern Saloniki). The use of "apo Constantinopolios" with this epithet of place is a bit more unusual for two reasons. First, it would generally be used to indicate where someone was born so that the name implies some sort of persona story involving temporary parental trips from Thessalonica to Constantinople during which the little girl was born and after which the family returned home (very Plautine!). It is also unusual because, while classical Greek (and the more purist twentieth­century Greeks) used the genitive form used above with the preposition "apo", modern Demotic Greek, which is the direct outgrowth of Byzantine popular speech collapsed the cases into a few all­purpose forms, using the accusative with "apo" in most cases. This process of collapse chronologically paralleled the progress from Latin to the modern Romance languages so this name form would be presumed to be from a relatively early period (e.g. around the Iconoclastic Era).

Catharine Wyndsford. Spelling correction and change of blazon. Gules, on a bend invected voided between two goblets, a quill pen Or. When the name was registered in December, 88, the middel vowel in the given name was shown as an "e". Crescent pointed out the error and this was corrected in the letter of February, 18. Unfortunately, at that time the "s" was dropped from the surname. Naturally, when the device submission was registered, we picked up both typos (psigh. . .). As for the blazon, the reblazon by the Laurel meeting was not designed to avoid a putative stylistic problem, as suggested by Silver Trumpet, but rather to emphasize the fact that the primary charge visually is the quill and visually the two "shelf edgings" around it serve the same function as cotises do on either side of a bend. Without getting into another discussion on the period and Society use of cotises (we've beaten that one to death ­­­ or thought we had!), be it noted that cotises in period and Society heraldry can be charges separate from an ordinary and do not automatically take their shape from the ordinary. (That they do so in many cases is undeniable: that they do not always do so is perhaps indicated by the constant search of late period heralds for clearer equivalents when "cotise­like" embellishments were added to pales ("endorse"), chevron ("coupleclose"), etc. That the heralds of Caid found the blazon unclear and could not reconstruct it is unfortunate; that a herald educated in Society heraldry from primarily mundane sources would find the blazon of a bend invected voided charged with a long thin charge to produce a rather different device from that depicted by the submittor is equally unfortunate. In the best of all possible worlds we would always be able to produce an unambiguous blazon to meet all heralds' philosophical prejudices. As this is not the case, we are inclined to allow the submittor a blazon that suits the particular set of prejudices with which she is currently surrounded, thus encouraging an accurate depiction of her armoury on any scrolls she may acquire.

Daniele il Orso. Change of name from Daniel Ursel.

Derdriu O'Fionnghail of Clare. Name and device. Argent, a two­ headed wolf, queue forchy and rampant to sinister, vert, on a chief gules, three escallops inverted argent.

Desert March, Canton of. Name and device. Or, two swords in saltire between two piles inverted purpure, overall a laurel wreath counterchanged.

Drusilla of Montrose. Device. Gules, a rose between two crosses flory and a mount issuant from base, all Or.

Edward Strong of Exeter. Name and device. Gules, on a bend sinister rayonny argent, three martlets palewise and sinister facing sable.

Eleni ton Neson. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, two Greek lyres counterchanged. The name was submitted as Eleni ton Nisson. While the submittor's desire to guarantee correct pronunciation of the Demotic byname is laudable, when used by a non­Greek­speaking herald, the transliteration produces a pronunciation at variance with both classical and modern Demotic pronunciations and the meaning ("of the islands" becomes unrecoverable. It should be noted that the genitive plural article is actually tau­omega­nu (i.e., the vowel is long, unlike the "omicron" of the classical accusative) while the genitive plural of the noun is actually nu­eta­sigma­omega­nu. The latter is actually from the feminine noun for "island", not the neuter "nesi" as the submittor appeared to believe. (That would have an iota inserted before the omega.)

Eówyn of Abernethy. Name only.

Everard of Selborne. Name and device. Per pale vert and argent, two hands issuant from maunches, each maintaining a sword bendwise sinister, all counterchanged.

Friedrich Stolzadler von Allensbach. Change of name from Friedrich of Gyldenholt.

Gwendolynn Shadowmere Llewelynn. Name only. Under the old rules this would conflict with Gwendolyn ferch Llewelyn. Under the new rules, since both names have three or fewer elements, the two are clear.

John of Sudwelle. Name and device. Gules, a Maltese cross Or, overall a fountain. Draw the fountain a bit smaller to improve the identifiability of the cross, please. [Ed. Note: now there is a change of pace. . .].

Kitagawa Akira. Name only.

Lachlan Llewelyn. Name only.

Léon Amour Dufay. Change of name from Léon Arimus de Fay and device. Quarterly azure and sable, a lion couchant to sinister within a bordure Or.

Matsuyama Yoshitoshi. Device. Sable, a pair of pine needles palewise between two pairs of pine needles in annulo argent. This was previously returned by Laurel in upholding an appealed return by Crescent for conflict with David MacColin ("Sable, an open penannular brooch, pin to base, argent."). He now has permission to conflict with David MacColin. It should be noted that this distinctly gives the appearance of "thin line heraldry" by Western standards. However, as these needles have been documented to be a well­defined charge in Japanese emblazons and are sole charges, we are inclined to cut some slack. (Perhaps the submittor could be asked to draw them a bit thicker and more identifiably now that he does not have to try and make them look less penannular broochish . . .).

Mora Naturalist of Blackmarsh. Name only. This name was previously returned for lack of documentation of the given name as a given name, which was required since it is used in Latin and several other languages as a common noun. Three pieces of documentation were offered for the name on the letter of intent. The first of these was a letter from Tournaments Illuminated which mentioned one Mora MacDonald from without definite source attribution. Like Silver Trumpet, we hoped that the source for this mention was Black (which was mentioned in the letter) but could find no mention of the lady in question. As Silver Trumpet himself has had cause to comment in correspondence to Tournaments Illuminated in the not so distant past, everything printed in that journal is not necessary to be taken as gospel, even when it pertains to purely Society policy. When it refers to mundane history or practise, such letters and articles must be considered with the greatest of care unless they are solidly documented. The second piece of documentation shows the danger of dealing with translated material only in translated form when the expertise of the translator is not known. A citation was given from the Aristocracy in Provence which allegedly mentioned a Carolingian "servant girl Mora". This is the English translation given in the text. However, the text is in Latin (apparently a will) and the actual reference reads "mora ancilla". The normal reading of this in Carolingian Latin would be "black slave girl" or "black servant", although by this time it could also have the meaning "Moorish servant girl" in the modern sense of a non­black Spaniard of Moslem origin. Both black servants and servants from the Iberian peninsula were not uncommon in the Carolingian empire and this would be the reading that most historians and palaeographers would assume. (It should be noted that the translator also murdered a number of the geographical place names on the same pages, a fact that is somewhat obscured by the fact that the Latin text is heavily footnoted with suggestions for equivalent locations in modern France.) The final piece of documentation, discovered by Silver Trumpet, however, carries the name through.This is a citation from Woulfe's Irish Names and Surnames (p. 23) which asserts that Mora is a Latinate form of the common Irish female name Mór.As Woulfe is somewhat erratic in his reliability, particularly when he is seeking English and Latin equivalents for documented names, resting the documentation on this alone worries us a bit since no clearly period citation was given.

Rouland Carre. Badge. A Latin cross azure issuant from between the tines of a stag's attire gules.

Steffan the Scrivener. Name only. The name was submitted as Steafan the Scrivener with the note that "Steafan" was cited by Coughlan as the standard Irish form of the name Stephen in the time of Patrick Woulfe. Unfortunately, that is less than a century ago and the evidence from other sources is that this is a relatively modern backformation from the English Stephen. (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 67, give a series of period Irish forms of the name Steven and than state that "Stiofan" has been used "latterly", which in their context usually means well after the Battle of the Boyne.) This being the case, we have followed the instructions of the submittor to retain the meaning and sound of the name and substituted the Welsh form Steffan. If the submittor wishes a period Irish form, he wants to go with "Stiamna" (pronounced "stiavna"), "Steimhín" or "Sleimhne".

Thomas Bordeaux. Badge. A demi­lion argent issuant from a cloud Or. As stated before Laurel herself shares the doubts of the Western heralds about the advisability of registering crestiform badges. However, as explained in the acceptance for the badge of Joella of Blue Lion's Keep on the December, 18, letter, commentary in the College seems more latitudinarian and the new rules do not prohibit them.


Agnes de Lanvallei. Device. Per chevron inverted azure and gules, in pale two sprigs of mint argent.

Chendra Rudd ferch Arianwen. Device. Per pale gules and Or, two lions rampant addorsed, queue forchy, within a bordure, all counterchanged.

Eleanor Deyeson. Name for House Silverbrand (see RETURNS for badge). Under the old rules, this would have had to be returned, but the administrative rules in effect since the January Board meeting allow registration of a household name without an accompanying badge.

Elyas Derkwynge. Name and device. Or, a winged spider passant, wings elevated and addorsed, sable.

Meredydd ferch Owain ap Eliseg. Name and device. Argent, a mermaid, in her vanity and sinister facing, on a chief gules, three escallops argent. This does not conflict with Ellis ("Argent, a mermaid gules, crined Or, holding a mirror in her right hand and a comb in her left gold.", as cited in Papworth, p. 83): the addition of the secondary and the addition of the tertiary are separate actions and in mundane heraldry would reflect different levels of cadency.

Regina Lisle. Device. Azure, a pale indented ermine between two drop spindles Or. Silver Trumpet has raised the issue of whether the lines of division indented, engrailed (and by implication invected) should be considered sufficiently different to contribute to difference under the new rules since they were used interchangeably in some circumstances in some period texts. (A minor point was granted under the old rules.) As not much discussion on this point has been received, we are inclined to follow modern practise and allow difference for the conversion of indented to one of the rounded division lines, so long as the identifiability of the line of division is clearly maintained (i.e., as long as it is used in such a manner that it can be identified, as would be the case when applied to a primary charge). We welcome commentary on this point, however.

Rosine Kenricus. Name and device. Argent, a sprig of mint within an orle of roses azure. The given name appears to be a diminutive form of Rose. Under the old rules, it could not be registered, but it is acceptable under the new rules. As the crequier plant is a well­defined period charge (a stylized version of the wild cherry) which differs in appearance materially from the mint, this must be considered clear of Morberie of Tor Denly ("Argent, a crequier plant azure.") under both old and new rules.


Ansetrude Hrodebertsdohtor. Name and device. Gules, on a pile nebuly argent, a sea­dragon, its tail ending in the head of a serpent, azure. The name was submitted as Ansetrude Hrodebertsdottir. As the given name in the patronymic is German and languages may not be mixed in the same name element unless such a mix is well­ documented, we have substituted the old German patronymic equivalent of "dottir".

Bronwyn Anchoret Selwyn. Device. Gules, upon and entwined about an anchor argent between two escallops Or, a grapevine vert, fructed purpure, all within a bordure Or. While this was listed as an appeal of a previous Laurel return, this was strictly speaking a resubmission since significant modifications were made to the emblazon (if not the blazon) of the device. The position of the vine has been blazoned rather more specifically than usual to guarantee that the vine is in fact appropriately depicted by heraldic artists. The bordure should indeed be drawn wider as in all the lady's previous submission emblazons.

Carl of Raven Wood. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, an eagle rising, wings addorsed and inverted, on a chief indented Or, a hawk's lure sable, roped gules, and a hawk's lure gules, roped sable, the ropes conjoined in a Wake knot.

David FitzJames le Rouge. Name only. The name was submitted as David FitzJames la Rouge. As this is the feminine form of the article and the masculine is required here, we have modified the article.

Fiona O'Mull. Badge. Azure, on a sun within a bordure wavy argent, a unicorn's head couped azure. Under the new rules this would still conflict with with the badge of Micheila ni Fhionghuin of Skye ("Azure, a sun eclipsed azure charged with a mullet voided argent.") since the visual difference in the blue splotches probably does not allow them to be clearly considered separate in number and type from each other. Under the old rules it is technically clear.

Hrothgar Bjornsson. Device. Sable, a chevron inverted between a bear's head cabossed and three compass stars, all within a bordure argent.

Jacqueline de Lyons. Device. Argent, a lion rampant to sinister sable between four fleurs­de­lys gules.

Keith of the Oaks. Device. Argent, a sea­dog rampant vert within a bordure azure. Please ask the submittor to try to draw the sea­dog more like a sea­dog and less like a Japanese film monster.

Kynan Rhys of Cardigan. Name only (see PENDING for device).

Lucia Faolan de Ravenna. Name only. Although the letter of intent indicated Ravenna is an Italian form, it is also a Latin one and "de Ravenna" is a period exlocative in Latin.

Miriam Therese Believer of Dreams. Name and device. Purpure, in bend sinister a castle triply­towered and a unicorn rampant to sinister argent. The submission was made with a comma before the fantasy epithet. The Society does not generally register extraneous appositives (that is the meaning of the comma: to separate the epithet from the "real name") so we have dropped the punctuation. Under the old rules there would have been a conflict with Sarah Mac Colin ("Purpure, a unicorn rampant to sinister argent and in sinister chief a mullet Or.") because of the limit on difference to be derived from secondary charges.

Rolland Kyle of Kincora. Device. Gules, a pall inverted between two lions rampant addorsed and a lion couchant guardant Or.

William of Wroxeter. Device. Vert, two bendlets argent between a lion rampant Or and three crosses crosslet fitchy argent.


Aaron Longbow. Name and device. Or, a demi­pegasus rampant to sinister and in chief three mullets sable.

Ailléne Ravenstongue. Name and device. Per fess sable and argent, in pale a moon in its complement argent and a raven sable perched upon an oak branch fesswise proper.

Aislinne of Alainmor. Name only.

Alaric Ellicott. Name and device. Or, a goblet between two chevrons sable. As the goblet is technically the primary charge with the chevrons as secondaries, this is clear under both old and new rules from Alche ("Or, two chevrons sable.", as cited in Papworth, p. 542), etc.

Aldred of Ascalon. Name only.

Alisandre le Harpere. Name only.

Antony Greigor MacGreigor. Name only. Under the old rules this would conflict with the registered name of Antonio de Gregorio. Under the new rules it is clear.

Arinbjorn Skagaskór. Name only.

Arwen Saint Amour. Name only. The name was submitted as Arwen St. Amour.

Baldric of the Pathless Wastes. Name only.

Cailín MacFinn. Name only.

Cain de la Silva. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sinister wavy vert between two winged lions sejant azure, a serpent glissant to chief argent.

Caitlin Morand. Name only.

Caitriona MacDhonnachaidh. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Carwyn O'Hirwen. Name and device. Per pall Or, ermined azure, sable and vert, an abacus argent. Under the old rules, this would have conflicted with the fieldless badge of Tadhg Liath of Duncairn ("An abacus sable."): there would be only a single major point of difference for the tincture of the abacus. Under the new rules, the two are clear.

Christian van den Voss. Name and device. Argent, in pale three anchors gules between a pair of flaunches sable. The name was submitted as Christian van Voss. As "Voss" is by the submittor's own documentation means "fox", the article is required.

Christopher Edward Guilford. Name and device. Vert, a tankard bendwise Or, foamed argent, between in pale two billets palewise, all between two pallets Or. The letter of intent gave the form without the first given name, but the forms showed the name as given above. As the name on the letter (Edward Guilford) conflicts with the already registerd name of Edward of Guildford, we have registered the device under this name.

Cieran Sionnach. Name only.

Cinaeth mac Lachlan. Name only.

Crisiant Angelus. Badge. Pean, a tower argent, overall a sprig of mistletoe bendwise sinister proper. Under the new rules the greenery would have insufficient contrast with the field.

Danielle nic Chonn. Name only. The name was submitted as Danielle nic Conn. However, "nic" aspirates the following proper name so we have modified the name.

Daud Kashtah. Name and device. Gules, on a compass star Or, between a chief Or and a base wavy barry wavy Or and sable, a pellet.

Deirdre of Dark River. Name only.

Dugall Ailean mac­'ic Lathurna. Device. Paly Or and azure, in dexter chief a tower argent. Under the old rules this would be a conflict with Anne of the White Tower ("Sable, a tower argent."). Under the new rules, it is clear since both the field and the definite change of position from usual central position to one clearly in canton count full weight.

Eastwatch, Shire of. Name and device. Argent, a tower sable, issuing from its roof a beacon flame proper, the whole within a laurel wreath vert, a chief enarched azure, platy. The name of the group was previously returned for conflict with the Crown Province of Ostgardr. The Crown Province has now granted permission to conflict.

Edelin of Sussex. Name and device. Per bend argent and Or, a sheep statant to sinister vert within a bordure embattled sable.

Edward Gayer. Name and device. Argent, two vultures combattant, wings elevated and addorsed, and a chief engrailed sable.

Enid Aurelia of the Tin Isles. Badge. Per pale argent and gules, two hares combattant, conjoined at the forepaws, counterchanged. Under the old rules this would have conflicted (just) with the device of Brandr Kjollsigssen ("Per pale embattled azure and argent, two rabbits combattant counterchanged.").

Flaming Skies, Shire of the. Name and device. Sable, in annulo six mullets of eight points within a laurel wreath, a chief rayonny argent. Please ask them to draw the mullets a lot bigger. Note that, as registered, the mullets are not pierced. Several of the mullets on the emblazon sheet looked as if they were mini­pierced at the center. If this is not merely "pen drop" and is intentional, then they will have to submit a change of device providing an emblazon sheet with clearly defined piercing.

FranÇoise Katze. Device. Gyronny argent, ermined gules, and gules, a winged cat sejant affronty, wings displayed, sable.

Gratien de Néville. Name and device. Sable, a chevron azure, fimbriated, between two crescents and a tower argent. Note that, while the usual spelling in England used the unaccented "e" in "Neville", Reaney (p. 24) shows the standard spelling of the town in France from which this famous clan derived to be "Néville". Under the new rules this conflicts with the arms of Babthorp ("Sable, a chevron between three crescents argent." as cited in Papworth, p. 4), since the chevron tincture changes but there is a type change to fewer than half the charges in the secondary group.

Gregory Kystwright. Name and device. Gules, a chevron cotised Or between a sword fesswise and an eagle displayed argent.

Grey Gargoyles, College of. Badge. Per fess embattled azure and argent, masoned azure.

Greyhope, Shire of. Device. Argent, on a lozenge within a laurel wreath azure, a greyhound salient argent.

Gunter Wahlstedt. Name only.

Gwendolyn Corso di Bastia. Name and device. Gules, a peacock perched atop a needle fesswise, eye to sinister, argent, within a bordure argent, mulletty gules.

Gwendolyn Gurney of Hastings. Name only.

Gwynaeth Pembroke. Name and device. Vert, a kris bendwise sinister inverted between two domestic cats sejant guardant Or.

Ian Jameson. Change of device. Azure, a griffin segreant to sinister and a chief invected argent.

Ironsteed, Shire of. Name and device. Azure, a chestnut horse's head proper, armored argent, within a laurel wreath, Or the whole between three horseshoes inverted argent. As several commentors noted, the standard heraldic barding is of cloth, so we have substituted the more precise "armored" to describe the horse's armaments. The armoring covers virtually all of the head is grey, which is technically argent, even if it is more shaded than the argent used for the horseshoes. Therefore, we felt that the contrast was adequate (though the submittors should probably be warned as to acceptable grey variants). The reins are shown as a decorated gules, but we felt this was "artistic detail".

Ja'far al­Safa. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name means Jafar the Pure.

John Malkin. Name only.

Karl Tollemache of Cuxhaven. Device. Gules, fretty Or, on a pale argent, a sea wolf erect sable maintaining a trident palewise gules. This is no doubt under the new rules that this is clear of the Furnes Cistercian Abbey ("Sable, on a pale argent, a crozier of the first.", as cited in Papworth, p. 7) and others of that ilk since there is one difference for the difference in field tincture and another for addition of the fretty. While there seems to be some confusion in the College on this point, examination of period and modern sources makes it clear that "fretty" is not a field treatment in the sense that term is used in the Society, but rather a "semy of frets" and as such contributes difference (X.4.b. Addition of Charges on the Field). Period treatises make it clear that the fretty was seen as placed upon the field in the same way that fleurs­de­lys or mullets or other charges semy were strewn. Indeed, Woodward is very careful to note that the fretwork is specifically supposed to be in relief on a shield and therefore is commonly painted with shading to emphasize that fact (p. 6). Unlike "normal" field treatments, but like secondary charges, a "fretty" can be itself charged (Woodward, p. 7). Finally, a number of early rolls of arms show a common alternation in blazon (and emblazon) between what is now commonly blazoned as "fretty" and "a fret" indicating that the change in number of "frettings" was seen as a form of geratting for cadency.

Katheryn Radford of York. Name and device. Per bend wavy argent and azure, semy of roses Or, in sinister chief a rose azure, seeded Or.

Kendra of Darkmoon. Device. Azure, in cross a crescent, inverted and winged, argent and three mullets of four points dismembered Or, all within a bordure argent. The style on this is marginal. On the full size emblazon, the charges appeared to be in cross with the crescent much elevated to chief.

Kuji Akiko. Name only.

Laurence Leannan. Name only.

Leif Huntsman. Name and device. Azure, a stag's massacre, upon a base engrailed Or, a lotus in profile azure, slipped vert.

Leofflaed of Heofonfeld. Name only.

Macaire Tempest. Name only (see RETURNS for device). Green Anchor has been able to document the given name as an "ancient" given name from Dauzat (p. 42).

Madelaine Bouvier. Device. Argent, semy­de­lys gules, two quills pens in chevron inverted sable issuant in base from a pheon azure.

Madeleine du Pré de la Fontaine. Device. Sable, on a bend sinister Or, between six plates, a hexagon vert.

Madeleine Simeon. Name and device. Argent, in fess a coney sejant erect to sinister gules and a coney sejant erect vert.

Magnus of Falkirk. Name and device (see PENDING for badge). Per chevron argent and gules, two cockatrices combattant gules and three mullets of eight points, two and one, argent.

Margaret Elizbeth O'Monaghan. Name only. The surname appears in MacLysaght's Surnames of Ireland, p. 2.

Margaret of Arundel. Name only.

Mariana Constantina Bonamici. Name only.

Marina MacChruiter. Name only.

Mathias the Hermit. Personal name and badge for House of the Blue Wood. Argent, a chevron sable between two fir trees couped azure and a dragon segreant to sinister gules. Under the new rules this would conflict with Archdeacon ("Argent, a chevron sable.", as cited in Papworth, p. 373): there is only one difference for adding the secondaries.

Michel d'Arques. Name only. The name was submitted as Michel D'Arques.

Nordskogen, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Baronial Broom. Azure, in saltire two besoms, straws to chief, surmounted by a broom palewise, all Or. There was a fair amount of feeling in the College that, though the goal was worthy (to encourage clean­up crews), the registration of the badge was "frivolous" (in the legal sense). Under the new rules, this would conflict with Broston ("Azure, two besoms in saltire Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 34). Even under the old rules, the visual echo was so close that it gave us some very uncomfortable moments.

Ohthere Strongitharm of Thaxted. Name only.

Oliver Peren. Name only.

Owen FitzEdward. Name only. The name was submitted as Owen FitzEdward of Wales. Under the old rules this would be a clear conflict with several Princes of Wales as well as a claim to be the son of one of the Edwards who bore the title Prince of Wales. While the addition of the patronymic clears the first problem under the new rules, this still appears to be a claim to be the son of the Prince of Wales. Dropping the place name removes all of these problems. [Ed. Note: Just to make the whole thing more interesting, the gentle's mundane surname is "Tudor". . .]

Paul Adler. Name only.

Ragnar Tryggvason. Name only.

Ramón Aguilar. Name only.

Roghallach the Strong. Name and device. Per bend sable and Or, a flexed arm bendwsie sinister proper, upon the hand gloved vert, a crow close sable.

Rosa die Taube. Name only. The name was submitted as Rosa der Tauben. We have corrected it to the proper German for the desired meaning of "Rosa the Dove".

Sebastian the Bear. Device. Argent, in pale three arrows fesswise reversed gules, overall a brown bear statant erect to sinister proper. Laurel, having had the benefit of a Catholic education and exposure to more iconographic study than any human being should endure (post­graduate work in medieval intellectual history tends to involve this), sees the qualms a few members of the College had about the ursine St. Sebastian. On the other hand, this seems to be this side of real offense on the religious front.(We have to be very careful not to go overboard in calling offense with regard to religion lest we ban religion altogether and cause offense by that ban itself.) [Laurel staff query was whether this gentle is a herald: unofficial motto of the Interkingdom Heraldic Diplomatic Corps frequently seen pouring oil upon the royalty waters at Pennsic and other Wars is "Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall become icons of St. Sebastian."]

Serena Arianwy Holmes. Device. Gyronny arrondy azure, estoilly of eight points argent, and argent, an ogress within a bordure sable.

Shadow's Edge, Canton of. Name and device. Sable, in cross four decrescent moons within a laurel wreath argent. Under the old rules this would conflict with the Barony of South Downs ("Per pale sable and azure, a laurel wreath argent."). Under the new rules, the field difference counts full weight so the two are clear.

Tancred FitzReynard. Name only.

Thorin von der Schwarzrose. Name only. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Thorin von der Swarzrose. However, the forms had the correct spelling shown above.

Thorvald Redhair. Badge for House Redhair. Argent, a sun within a bordure embattled gules. Under the new rules, this definitely conflicts with Delahay ("Argent, a sun in spledor gules.", cited in Papworth.). Taken in its most liberal interpretation, the old rules would allow this badge to be exempt from the ban on addition of a bordure to mundane arms since the line of division is complex.However, a considerable amount of research indicates that in period the restriction of the primary cadency to plain bordures in Scotland may have been the exception rather than the rule so that this limitation may not be valid for Society use, being based on modern usage alone.

Tristan der Fackeltträger. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Ulf Magnus Thorvaldsson. Name only.

Wilhelm de Tournai. Name and device. Vert, a cross formy throughout argent, cotised Or.


Arnault de Marseilles. Name and device. Per bend azure and vert, in bend sinister a Celtic cross argent and a seahorse Or. The name was submitted as Arnault du Marseilles. As "du" is a compound form of the preposition (from "de" + "le") and the article is not appropriate here, we have modified the prepositional form.

Bernard de Barfleur. Device. Sable, a sea­unicorn sinister facing argent within a bordure argent, fretty azure.

Cian the Smith. Device. Sable, mulletty of four points argent, an hourglass Or. The letter of intent indicated that the name was also being submitted to the College, but it had previously been registered in September, 1989. While Dolphin and Silver Trumpet are correct in noting that the mullets are so badly drawn that they resemble lozenges ploye, we feel there is no doubt that the submittor actually intended proper stars (he is from Starhaven, i.e., Cape Canaveral, Florida). The letter of intent blazoned the hourglass as inverted, but this is a matter for artistic license and not heraldically significant (the only way in which an hourglass and an hourglass inverted differ is in the arrangement of the sand, i.e., in diapering). Under the old rules this would have been in conflict with Leopold Reinmar von Schonberg ("Per bend sinister gules and sable, an hourglass Or."). Under the new rules, it is not: there is a difference for field colour and another for addition of the mullets.

Crystal Moor, Shire of. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Damian von dem Blauwald. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name was submitted as Damian von Blauwald. As several commentors noted, just as the name is formed on the analogy of the Black Forest, so must the byname be formed with an article on the analogy of "von dem Schwarzwald": "von dem Blauwald".

Friedrich Georg Lenzen. Name only.

Gwen of Swansea. Name and device. Per saltire azure and vert, on a saltire Or between four bees tails outwards, Or, marked sable, five fleur­de­lys azure. The name was submitted as Gwynna o Swansea. A number of commentors noted that the prepositon "o" was inappropriate before the English form of the name. Others noted as well that there was no documentation for "Gwynna" and suggested that the name "Gwen" be substituted. This was fortuitous as Lymphad had attached a Post­It note to the forms indicating that the lady had changed her mind about her name and now wished "Gwen", not "Gwynna". While this is not an appropriate medium for letter of intent modifications and this would normally have had to be pended for commentary after withdrawal of the previously submitted name, commentary indicated that the name would be acceptable. Note that the device is on the very borderline of acceptability.

Kathryn Amber Roche. Per pale sable and argent, a bat displayed, on a chief enarched three increscents, all counterchanged.

Llewelyn ap Cadwaladr ap Dafydd ap Hywel. Name and device. Per chevron gules and Or, two tuns palewise and a wolf's head, erased and sinister facing, counterchanged.

Nikolai Grigorovich Nabokov. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Russell de Crauforde. Name only (see RETURNS for device). Reaney (p. 3) cites "Russellus" as a given name in and it is in any case his mundane given name.

Signy Ottarsdottir. Name and device. Per chevron throughout ploye Or and vert, two harps and an otter's head fesswise erased, all counterchanged. The name was submitted as Signyjo Ottarsdottir, with the note on the forms indicating that the form of the given name was derived from a translation of the Landnámabók. Unfortunately, the photocopy of the original text indicates that this form is in fact an oblique case of the familiar feminine name "Signy" rather a nominative in its own right.

Tamara Ivanovna Nabokova. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The forms had the correct form "Ivanovna" rather the the spelling with one "n" which appeared on the letter of intent. While the name is registerable, it would be a kindness to explain to the submittor that the name does not indicate that she is Nikolai's wife, but rather that they share a blood relationship.

Una of Blackberry Hollow. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


Aíbgréne Rose. Name only.

Alasdair Blackhill. Name only.

Ascelin Meere of Ravenslocke. Name and device. Ermine, a raven close to sinister azure within a bordure sable.

Ayabe Ichiro. Device. Per fess engrailed argent and sable, a bottle­nosed dolphin sable and in fess two torii gates argent.

Bohemund du Glaive. Name and device. Quarterly argent and sable, a lion rampant to sinister between in saltire four crosses bottonny counterchanged.

Catrin ferch Steffan Clochnant. Name and device. Per chevron argent and azure, three hares rampant counterchanged. Silver Trumpet is correct in calling conflict with the mundane arms of Repley ("Per chevron argent and azure, three lions rampant counterchanged.") under the old rules. There is only one major point of difference for type of charge. However, the new rules do not require complete difference of charge between the .identical primary charges on simple coats, merely significant difference of primary charge, as defined in the section on Significant Armorial Differences.Under that section, it is clearly stated that charges will be considered different in type which were considered clearly separate in period heraldry.Rabbits or hares and lions were so considered. Therefore, this does not conflict with Repley under the new rules (X.2: Difference of Primary Charge).

Cillene MacRorie. Change of device. Or, on a chief potent sable, a calla lily fesswise, slipped and leaved, argent. Under the old rules, this is just clear of Meggs, "Or, on a chief sable, a lion passant argent.". Under the new rules, it would conflict.

Deidre Hawksworth. Name only. The name was submitted as Diedre Hawksworth. This is a modern misspelling of the period name. As the submittor requested on the forms that the name be corrected if necessary, we have.

Donal Fireshaker. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, flames of fire proper and a base engrailed azure. After several stints of heating by fireplace during the aftereffects of the late hurricane, several Laurel staff members had no problem at all in making sense of the byname.

Ellyn Dawndelyon d'Azay. Name and device. Or, a coney rampant to sinister sable.

Fiona Mairi Galbraith of Misty Glen. Device. Argent, a pale endorsed between two lions salient purpure.

Frae Fitzalleyne. Name only.

James of Salir. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister between two hunting horns argent, a hunting horn azure. Under the old rules this conflicts with Gwendwyn the Silent ("Azure, a bend sinister between a winged unicorn countersalient and a bat­winged manticore couchant argent."), Corwynn of Thornwood ("Azure, on a bend sinister argent a thorned slip embowed throughout sable."), Morganthe of Nordwache ("Azure, on a bend sinister between a mask of tragedy and a mask of comedy argent, a garden rosebud gules, slipped and leaved vert." and Tonk O'Tuathail ("Azure, on a bend sinister between a trefoil and a fleur­de­lys argent, a turtle's head bendwise sinister couped vert."). Under the new rules, these are all clear.

James the Gentle. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a heart counterchanged and a chief gules. Contrary to the statement on the letter of intent, this is not in conflict with the badge of Bruce Cwilliam Alexander ("Per pale sable and argent, a heart implaed by a quill pen bendwise sinister distilling a goutte, all counterchanged."): in addition to the difference derived from the addition of the chief, there is another for removal of the pen.

Juana Isabella de Montoya y Ramirez. Change of name from Grün der Spitzenklöppler.

Katharina von Regensburg. Name and device. Erminois, on a pile rayonny sable, a demi­griffin segreant Or. Under the new rules this would be in conflict with Hancock ("Erminois, on a pile sable a gauntlet Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 24).

Marko Alighieri. Name only.

Rebecca of Yulewood. Name only.

Russel Old Mountain. Change of name from Peregrine Darkhawk and change of device. Sable, on a pile bendwise argent, a bear's pawprint palewise gules. Russel is his mundane given name.

Sean Rose McGreggor. Device. Argent, a rose azure, slipped and leaved vert, on a chief sable, three crosses formy fitchy argent.

Sely Brianna Sutherland. Change of name from Sile Brianna Sutherland. The submittor has documented "Sely" as a feminine given name from as early as 22 (Reaney, p. 3).

Stanley of Harlech. Name only. Although Stanley is a surname derived from a place name, it is the submittor's mundane given name.

Tarysa of Rivendell. Release of badge. Vert, upon a bend argent, three poinsettias proper.

Turgar Deerherder. Change of device. Sable, on a spiderweb throughout Or, three spiders tergiant argent.

Victor de la Roche. Name only.

William Dumart en Ponthieu. Name only.

Willowen of Stuarts. Badge. Gyronny azure and argent, a yellow­billed loon naiant proper. The letter of intent erred in implying that the only change between this badge and the previous submission was the addition of a divided field to alleviate contrast problems: the original submission also had a bordure sable. If this had been retained, this badge would not have had any mundane conflict problems: as it is, we are assuming that Vesper's estimate of the comparative coloration between this bird and that of the smew of Abnott ("Azure, a smew proper.", as cited in Papworth, p. 276) is correct: our bird books were unclear on this issue. (The Laurel Office, like the Brigantia Office earlier on, has advertised for a resident Boy Scout with ill success; perhaps Da'ud will have better luck!).

Yrcun of Anglesea. Name and device. Vert, three mullets of eight points and on a chief Or, a comet fesswise sable. Under the old rules this would conflict with Bevin Fraser of Stirling ("Vert, three fraises Or, pierced vert, on a chief Or, a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper."). The visual similarity between fraises and mullets of eight points is too great for the point and a half rule to be applied as Silver Trumpet suggested.



Olwen o Bryn Cribog Morynion. Name only. Apart from any problems which might be involved in the non­human nature of the original Olwen (who is the only period exemplar yet adduced), the byname does not mean what the submittor thought ("of Maiden's Tor"). As Mistress Keridwen has pointed out, "bryn cribog" is not the Welsh equivalent of "tor", it is it's definition. Also "morynion" is not a genitive, but a plural (i.e., "maidens" rather than "maiden's"). According to Mistress Keridwen, a more plausible Welsh byname with the meaning she wishes would be something like "Brynmorwyn".

Steppes, Barony of the. Badge. Vert, a bend indented to chief Or. This was returned in July, 8, for conflict with Knight ("Vert, a bend fusilly Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 8). The Baron and Baroness of the Steppes have appealed this return on the grounds that the difference between a bend lozengy or of fusils should be considered a major point away from a bend indented only on the other edge. In support of this, they cite the example used in the old rules, of a cross versus a cross embattled. Unfortunately, this is not a valid exemplar. In period heraldry, the indentations of a bend indented were cut deeply enough that the same armoury could be blazoned as having a "bend indented", a "bend fusilly" or a "bend of X fusils or lozenges". Thus the charge is identical to the bend fusilly cited in the conflicting armoury except on its lower edge. Thus the parallel would be rather to a cross versus a cross embattled only in its lower half. As Silver Trumpet has noted, there is precisely parallel precedent under the 86 rules for determining this case. The basic problem is whether when a line of division is applied to only part of a charge, it should be considered similar to (and thus worth only a minor point from) the same line of division applied fully to the charge. When one considers the lines of division that are specifically stated to be similar in the old rules (e.g., embattled/raguly/dovetailed/urdy) it is clear that the visual weight applied is similar to that which is present when only half of the charge has the line of division applied to it. To look at it another way, the amount of visual difference present between the two bends here closely approximates that between a mullet of five points and a mullet of eight points: that is specifically stated to be worth only a minor point of difference under the old rules, even though both have well­defined identities in the Society. After due consideration, the conflict must be held to exist under the old rules. As the submittors themselves say, the badge is clearly in conflict under the new rules.

Steppes, Barony of the. Badge. Sable, a bend indented to chief Or. Conflict with Witfield ("Sable, a bend of five lozenges conjoined Or.", as cited in Papworth, p. 7). For a complete discussion of the issues in the appeal, see the immediately preceding submission.


Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Name for the Order of the Oleander. As was noted at the time this submission was pended from the July, 8, meeting, this particular submission has been the subject of much dispute between subjects of the Kingdoms of Atenveldt and the Outlands (with some side commentary from Caid). As many current members of the College were not actively involved in commentary at that time, it is perhaps useful to quote the summary of the history included with the notice of "pend", even though it is somewhat lengthy: "In February, 8, the name was submitted inconjunction with a badge by two private citizens of the Outlands, a submission which was promptly (and hotly) disputed by the then Aten Herald who demandeda retraction of the submission on the grounds that the name belonged to Atenveldt. Much discussion ensued before the name submission was returned in May, 8, when the badge submission could not be registered because of conflict. Since that time, further commentary and controversy have ensued, raising the issue of the "property rights" in this name, with Aten's own account in his letter of intent muddying the waters as he associated the name with both Caid and Atenveldt from the beginning (thus raising the issue of whether any rights to the name must be given equally to Caid). Public and private correspondence to the Laurel Office over the past few months has included the following allegations, many of which are extremely contradictory: That the effort at registration from the Outlands was in response to "misuse" of the honour as originally intended by those who created it in recent courts at Estrella. That the request from Atenveldt is an attempt to guarantee that the award would be associated with the war "to the chagrin of many fighting ladies". That it has always been given jointly by the Queens of Atenveldt and the Caid. That it has never been given by the Queens as Queens, but merely as representatives of the founders of the honour. That it has been given by the Queen of Atenveldt only with no "right" of input from the Queen of Caid. That it is an "order", as indicated by the name usedin the submission from Atenveldt, albeit a non­armigerous Order. That it is not an order, but an award, as evidenced by the fact that records of the recipients are not maintained and it does not appear in any O.P. Since it appeared that wider issues were involved in this controversy, involving definitions of when an order becomes actively an order (and whether it can be retroactively so declared), what the rights of the Crown in "expropriation" of heraldic material are, what fealty may involve in the heraldic arena, etc., it was decided to put the broader issues to the Board of Directors at the October Board meeting and to pend the submission until the Board responded. In October the Board opted to postpone consideration of the issues, feeling that it had not had enough time to consider Laurel's document (and, no doubt, already heavily burdened with heraldic input on the Rules for Submission adopted at that meeting). At the January Board meeting, which Laurel attended, the Board formally referred the issue of the Order of the Oleander and the associated issues back to the College of Arms. In the wake of this action, Laurel carefully considered the evidence presented by all parties at the time of the original submissions and, in response to queries by Laurel, evidence and commentary presented by a variety of interested parties over the months since. On the basis of this material, we have been forced to the conclusion that the name of the Oleander has become so notorious and controversial that it cannot be registered to anyone at this time. We realize that some may feel that there is insufficient precedent for refusing registration on the basis of Society history. On the other hand, there is ample precedent for finding against a submission because of its historical associations in the mundane sphere. It seems unreasonable and unwise to dismiss our own history as being of lesser value and less likely to carry the seeds of offense. Indeed, experience tends to indicate that the contrary is true: events that occur entirely within the context of the Society can have as long an effect and carry an odour of infamy just as strong as that of mundane events. In some cases, Society events carry a heavier effect upon Society life since many members are relatively ignorant of mundane history outside their own lifetime while Society history becomes the matter for campfire legend. In this case, the potential for offense is admittedly limited largely to a geographically restricted group of the membership, i.e., those who reside in the kingdoms regularly participating on a large scale in Estrella War. However, this is by no means an insignificant proportion of the Society membership. Moreover, those who are involved feel very strongly about this indeed and there are not merely one or two factions but a multiplicity of opinions, some of whom find offense in the very concept of an honour defined merely by gender. No compromise appears possible between the parties and it is clear that the use of "the Oleander" is causing the same sort of disruption/offense usually associated with the sort of mundane items which have been refused registration because of their mundane historical associations. Given this, we simply cannot in good conscience register the name of the Oleander.


Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge for Guild of Archers. An annulet argent surmounted by a bow fully drawn with an arrow proper. This was pended from the July meeting because the emblazon sheet was untinctured and the blazon indicated proper tincturing for the bow and arrow proper. This was pended for instructions from Triton on the tincturing of the details like fletching and receipt of a fully tinctured emblazon sheet. Triton has informed us that the Atlantian Guild of Archers desires a silver arrow so we are returning this in anticipation of submission of a corrected badge from Triton.


Aidan Brandr Arinbjornson. Device. Vert, three swords in pall, hilts conjoined, blades enflamed, within a bordure of flames, all proper. As noted by Mistress Keridwen, there is a standing precedent against the use of bordures of flame. If we may quote from the return of the device of Antoine le Rêveur in November, 88: "Although we must admit that bordures of flame have been registered before, Hund is correct when he points out that what is depicted on the emblazon is in fact a bordure fimbriated (actually a bordure rayonny gules, fimbriated Or). It seems inconsistent to ban fimbriated bordures as non­period practise when they are plain and not to do so when they are more complex." In this case, the bordure of flame does not even stand as the only anomaly, but is accompanied by the three swords proper with enflamed blades in an unusual position (though one that is documented for swords in a few late period devices). The general effect is not period style under either the old rules or the new.

Alfric Rolfson. Device. Azure, on a fess engrailed to chief and invected to base argent, a drakkar sable, sailed gules. Under both sets of rules this is definitely clear of De Verthon ("Azure, on a fess argent, a bee volant en arriere sable.", as cited in Papworth, p. 73) since there is a major change to the line of division of the fess and multiple changes to the tertiaries. The case for Anita Beaumaris ("Azure, a fess invected between five natural seahorses, two, two, and one argent.") and Stighull Malston ("Azure, on a fess engrailed argent, three lozenges gules.", as cited in Papworth, loc. cit.) is by no means as clearcut as it sounded when presented in the letter of intent. Whether changing one side of an ordinary to another similar line of division would count as a "full weight" minor charge under the old rules is definitely a matter for discussion. As Silver Trumpet has noted, the old rules would grant a minor for the difference between invected and engrailed, but that would apply where both sides of the ordinary differed: in this case only one side changes from each potential conflict. In the case of Stighull Malston, any difference derived from the fess might be enough technically under the old rules since the lozenges change in type, number and (partial) change in tincture would give a full point and only a major and minor were required. This would not be the case with Anita's armoury since there is only a minor for addtion of the tertiary under the old rules and a major for removal of the secondaries. Visually, since the fess here is in a sense both a fess engrailed and a fess invected, there is a very real problem under the old rules with both devices. Under the new rules, Anita's armoury is quite clear: no difference is required from the line of division since both the addition of the tertiary and the addition of the secondaries count full weight. The problem with Stighull Malston still remains, however: we would be inclined to grant difference between an ordinary invected and an ordinary engrailed on the grounds that the two were distinguished in period armoury and have traditionally be distinguished quite well in Society armoury. However, we cannot in conscience grant difference where the ordinary involves both lines of division.

Caid, Kingdom of. Title for Chief Herald. Withdrawn at the request of the Crescent Principal Herald.


Eleanor Deyeson. Badge. Argent, on a pile wavy azure, a sword argent, blade enflamed proper. Conflict under both rules with the device of Christopher the Young ("Argent, on a pile wavy azure three dolphins naiant in pale argent."). Under the old rules at most a major point can be derived from the changes to the tertiaries and a major and minor are required.Under the new rules, two visual differences are necessary and the changes to the tertiaries produces only one.

Grimfells, March of the. Change of device. Sable, on a pile within a laurel wreath Or, a spiderweb throughout sable. Unfortunately, as several commentors noted, there is long­standing precedent in the College for banning charges, including laurel wreaths, below piles on the grounds that a properly drawn period pile would not allow space for another charge to rest, in whole or in part, below the pile. Under the old rules, this would also conflict with the Barony of Madrone ("Sable, on a pile argent a madrone tree proper, in base a laurel wreath Or."). Under the new rules the two are clear since difference is derived not only from the change in tincture of the pile but also from the changes to the tertiaries.


Ellida Grimmsdottir. Name and device. Sable, semy of increscents argent, on a pile ploye inverted bendwise argent, a wingelss wyvern passant reguardant to sinister, tail sufflexed, vert, belching flames gules, in sinister chief an increscent argent. Unfortunately, the submittor's source in Magnus Magnusson's Vikings did not make clear that Ellida was not a name in itself but a prefixive adjective added to the individual's given name to make a "nickname form" similar to "Skallagrimmr". In this case, the name means "Ship­Grim" or "Grim of the Ship". Keeping the name as a patronym and adding another given name might not be advisable since, by the submittor's own documentation, Asgrim Ellida­Grimsson was the participants in one of the most famous incidents in the Njal's Saga: his foster brother Gauk Trandilsson had been having an affair with one of Asgrim's close kinswomen and Asgrim killed him in revenge. Simply adding another Norse given name would be taken by many to be a claim to be that kinswoman. As her mundane given name is "Helena", she might like to substitute one of the documented Old Norse forms for "Helena" for "Ellida": "Eilína" or "Elína" (Geirr Bassi). The device has several stylistic problems, the most serious of which is the fact that a single secondary charge is placed on a field strewn with the same charge (in the same tincture!). Such a differentiation is not period style: the size of strewn charges could vary widely in a period emblazon as necessary to suit the design. Also anomalous, but not enough of themselves to force a return, were the "ploye" pile (which is actually just a period variant depiction of a normal pile), the unusual position of the pile and the manner in which the monster and its flames are arranged on the pile: a very precise blazon is required to reconstruct the position and the device does not work without the precise position.

Leadrán O'Domhnallain. Change of name from Michelle O'Domhnallain. The given name was submitted as having been invented on the analogy of Irish descriptive names such as "Cadla" (="beautiful"), "Colm" (="dove"), etc. Unfortunately, such Irish names generally fall into definite categories of noun/adjective types, e.g., animals, complimentary descriptives, transferred pet names, etc. The form "Leadran" which is stated to mean "slowness" does not fit into those categories. We would suggest to the submittor the well­ documented Irish feminine name "Líadan" which was the name of several saints as well as the female half of a pair of lovers who have been called the Irish Abelard and Heloise (O Corrain and Maguire, Gaelic Personal Names, p. 22). There are also two very similar­sounding Irish masculine names "Leannán" and "Liadhnán" (ibid.) which could be used.


Caitriona MacDhonnachaidh. Device. Per pale wavy Or and sable, a quill pen palewise above an ink pot sable and a sword palewise inverted Or. As noted by several commentors, this is technically three disparate charges on the field and so must be considered "slot machine heraldry".

Crisiant Angelus. Name for Household Silver Towers. The household name conflicts with the Order of the Silver Tower, registered to the Barony of Settmour Swamp.

Emer ni Caillaigh an Tirconnel. Name only. All the evidence provided by the submittor and which could be discovered by Laurel staff indicates that this "Emer" is a unique personal name used only by the lady of Cuchullain who plays a significant part in Irish epic. It is symptomatic that O Corrain and Maguire, who usually mention the very least of Irish saints or historical figures to support the common use of names used by literary figures, mention only Cuchulainn's Emer (Gaelic Personal Names, p. 87). Note that the proper Irish feminine form for "Kelly" would appear to be "ni Cheallaigh" (see MacLysaght, Surnames of Ireland, p. 75). Also, since "Tirconnel" is an English form for the area of Ireland, the preposition "of" should be used here.

Goswin Sterrenkijker van Sint Gillis Waas. Device. Pily sable and argent, the point of each trait ensigned with a mullet, a bordure gules. This is definitely in visual conflict with the arms of Anstruther, cited by the Brachet working group ('Argent, three piles in point from the chief sable within a bordure gules.", as cited in Papworth, p. 3). As Silver Trumpet has also pointed out, it is technically in conflict with Watt ("Barry of six argent and sable, a bordure gules.", as noted in Papworth, p. 34): As the mullets are essentially "frou­frou" on the pily field division, the two devices differ only by field division type.

Ja'far al­Safa. Device. Argent, semy of suns gules, a lizard dormant vert atop a rock sable, on a chief gules, in saltire two scimitars inverted Or, hilted sable. There are just too many anomalies and too much business here. The lizard atop the rock is actually a naturalistic representation of a lizard on an obsidian­type rock and a good part of the vert lizard's typical leg and foot structures fade into the sable stone. While the general desert effect is quite clear, when this is placed on the overcrowded suns, the effect is overly complex. When one also considers that the sable hilts of the scimitars cause the swords to appear like hiltless blades, the visual confusion just falls over the edge.

Macaire Tempest. Device. Argent, a thunderbolt gules within a bordure nebuly sable. As the two thunderbolts are functionally identical, Silver Trumpet is correct in calling conflict with Richard the Steadfast ("Argent, in bend a thunderbolt gules and a tower sable."): the two are visually very close with the only apparent change being the substitution of the bordure for the tower of the same tincture.

Tristan der Fackeltträger. Device. Per pale and chevronelly sable and argent, a torch Or, enflamed proper. Conflict with St. Aidan ("Azure, a torch Or, enflamed proper.", as cited in Fabulous Heraldry, #8) and also with the British 28th Brigade ("Sable, a cresset torch palewise Or, enflamed gules.", as cited in the Military Ordinary, #283).


Cymber of the Darkwater. Badge for the Oleander. A Gothic miniscule "o" sable, entwined in dexter base by an oleander blossom gules, slipped and leaved proper, distilling a goutte de sang. No submission for the Oleander can be registered at this time. For a complete discussion of the issue, please read the return of the name of the Order of the Oleander under the Kingdom of Atenveldt above.


Crystal Moor, Shire of. Device. Argent, Per chevron inverted gules and argent, in chief a crystal point argent within a laurel wreath Or and in base a bine branch and an oak branch, crossed in saltire at their bases, fructed proper. There are a number of stylistic problems with this device. First of all, the field is not a proper field "per chevron inverted" which would have the line of division issue from the sides of the shield, not its upper corners. It should be considered either a very flattened pile or an overly exaggerated chief triangular. In either case, it is not a period depiction. If the field division were drawn correctly, it would have to be considered almost classic "slot machine heraldry" and therefore not period style. The crystal point is, as a large number of commentors noted, unidentifiable as such and therefore may not be used. Finally, the two types of branches crossed in the base of the device are a solecism akin to crossing a sword and dagger in saltire and, what is more, come perilously close to an overuse of proper. In other words, as a whole, this is not period style.

Cydonia of Essex. Device. Argent, in fess three holly leaves palewise vert, fructed gules, within an orle of holly leaves vert, fructed gules. Under both sets of rules this conflicts with the arms of Aernest ("Argent, in fess three holly leaves conjoined in fess vert.", as cited in Papworth, p. 6). Note that the use of the same charges in differing sizes in this manner is dubious style. The overall effect is not period. [At least one member of Laurel staff wanted to call conflict with the paper tablecloth from their office Christmas party.].

Damian von Blauwald. Device. Quarterly en enquerre sable and azure, an eagle displayed argent between three crosses patoncy, one and two, argent. There are numerous stylistic problems with this under both rules and conflict problems as well under the old rules. The field division quarterly en enquerre has been banned by the College as non­period since 76 and no new evidence has been presented for its use prior to the late seventeenth century. Moreover, even if it were allowed, it would not be allowed in low contrast colours since that would make it unidentifiable. Even if it were allowed in such low contrast colours as sable and azure, these would not be allowed where the charges overlie and obscure the line of division to such a degree. Finally, under the old rules, which limit the difference allowed for the low contrast field division, this would conflict with the sovereign arms of the Este rulers of Modena ("Azure, an eagle displayed argent.").

Gordon MacGunter. Name and device. Argent, a pale sable between two crosses crosslet gules, all within a bordure sable. The letter of intent indicated that the submission was being sent up even though the name was illegal in order to protect the armoury. This is technically using a "holding name" as a place marker on the submission and is against the administrative rules of the College: holding names are allowed only at Laurel level.In any case, the name is not registerable since Gordon is not a given name in period and is not the submittor's mundane given name.(The submittor appears to be aware of this, at least in part, since the documentation on the forms notes that Gordon is "clan name for area of Scotland".) Moreover, without stronger documentation for the mixing of the Scots patronymic with a German given name we would not be able to register "MacGunter" under old rules or new. Finally, the effort to protect the armoury is futile since it conflicts with the arms of Cunninghame of Balgownie ("Argent, a pale within a bordure sable.", as cited in Balfour­Paul's Ordinary of Arms, p. 34). Under both rules this is a conflict since there is only one change: the addition of the secondaries.

Gwendolyn Kaye MacVeigh of Amber Oaks. Device (see PENDING for name). Vert, an oak leaf palewise fructed within a bordure Or. As diapering contributes no difference, this conflicts under both rules with Alanna ni Druhan ("Vert, a leaf within a bordure Or.").

Nikolai Grigorovich Nabokov. Name and device. Sable, on a saltire dovetailed gyronny argent and Or, a mullet of eight points gules, in chief a cross bottonny fitchy argent. The tincture of the mullet was omitted from the letter of intent, causing great confusion among some members of the College. The design need not be pended, however, since a charge gyronny of two metals is not registerable under either the old rules or the new. Note that this is overall a very modern design, requiring the depiction of the mullet and the dovetailed saltire in a specific manner to work: period heraldry did not measure thus in millimeters!.

Oldenfeld, Shire of. Badge. Vert, in fess a rose and a lion salient guardant, all within a laurel wreath Or. By long­standing tradition and the old and new rules, the arms of a territorial group must have the laurel wreath. Other armoury, such as badges, may NOT have a laurel wreath.

Robin MacLeer. Device. Vert, semy of escallops gules, a natural seahorse within a bordure Or. The gules shells on the vert field violate the rules for contrast under both old and new rules ["colour on colour"]. Note that his name was registered in the form used above not as "Robin Macleer" as it appeared on the letter of intent.

Russell de Crauforde. Device. Argent, a fess wavy between an oak tree couped and an oak tree couped and inverted, all gules. Conflict with Bamford ("Argent, a fess wavy gules.", as cited in Papworth, p. 7) under both old and new rules.

Siegfried Heydrich. Badge. Gules, a cockatrice passant to sinister, tail sufflexed, Or within a bordure sable. The bordure violates the rules for contrast on both old and new rules. It is also very close to the badge of Brann Morgan Dunmore of Galloway ("A cockatrice erect to sinister Or, drawing a sword from a scabbard proper.").

Tamara Ivanovna Nabokova. Name and device. Or, masoned sable, a castle and on a chief vert, a Bengal tiger's head cabossed Or, marked sable, between a lion's head cabossed and a bear's head cabossed, all Or. The three different types of head on the chief are by definition too complex ["slot machine heraldry".

Thomas du Lac. Device. Per fess rayonny argent and azure, a lion rampant between in fess two fleurs­de­lys nourri and in pale two fleurs­de­lys, all counterchanged. There was a considerable consensus in the College that the use of two types of fleurs­de­lys in the same group was stylistically confusing, diminished the identifiability of the aberrant fleurs and was just not period style. Were all four secondaries plain fleurs­de­lys and were the line of division drawn more boldly, this would be striking device.

Una of Blackberry Hollow. Device. Vert, on a bend sinister wavy a blackberry vine, fructed, proper. Conflict with Melucine de Ronceverts ("Vert, on a pale argent, a greenbriar slip vert.") under both sets of rules. Under the old rules this would also have conflicted with Padruig Wallace ("Vert, on a bend sinister wavy between two crescents argent a wolf statant erect ululant to sinister sable.") and Henry William of Oxenford ("Vert, on a bend sinister wavy between two ox heads erased affronty argent, a scarpe wavy azure..").





Adrienne Diana Rainier. Device. Sable, a cat's face argent between four lozenges in cross ermine, all within an orle Or. On the letter of intent the lozenges were blazoned as Or, not ermine. While a number of members of the College realized that the lozenges might be intended to be ermined, they could not check properly for conflict. The submission is therefore pended until the July meeting.

Jeanne Cheronnet de Champagne. Device. Per chevron raguly Or and purpure, two bunches of grapes, slipped and leaved, proper and a lion dormant Or. As the emblazon was omitted from the letter of intent, the College could not accurately check the submission for conflicts. The submission is therefore pended to the July meeting.


Kynan Rhys of Cardigan. Device. Or, a serpent, heads at either end, nowed and aspectant, gules between in chief on a pellet a mullet of four points throughout Or and in base three chevronels braced sable. The tincture of the serpent was omitted from the blazon on the letter of intent, confusing commentors and preventing adequate conflict­checking. The submission is therefore pended until the July meeting for further commentary.

Magnus of Falkirk. Badge. Sable, on a bend between four pheons argent, an arrow inverted sable. Since the emblazon and the tincture of the bend were omitted from the letter of intent, this submission has been pended until the July meeting for further commentary.


Elfwyn de Barfleur. Change of device. Argent, three dolphins haurient, conjoined in pall inverted, tails outwards, sable within a bordure azure, fretty argent. On the letter of intent the fretty was erroneously blazoned as sable and most of the College assumed that this was colour on colour. Therefore no adequate conflict check was performed. This is hereby postponed to the July meeting to allow for conflict checking.

Gwendolyn Kaye MacVeigh of Amber Oaks. Name only (see RETURNS for device). The name appeared on the letter of intent as Gwendolyn Kaye MacVeigh of Amber Hill, but the forms showed the name as of Amber Oaks, which accords with the armoury submitted. Therefore the name must be pended for commentary on the accurate form of the name. It will be considered at the July meeting.

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