Andrew Draeger. Name.

Aron of Garde Freinet. Name.

Charlene of Terra Pomaria. Holding name (see RETURNS) and device. Per chevron azure and vert, a chevron embattled Or, in chief a decrescent and an increscent argent.

This was submitted under the name Briallen o Llanrwst.

Damien Draeger. Name and device. Gules scaly Or, a wyvern passant within a bordure argent.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the border narrower. (Yes, really.....)

David of Moffat. Device change. Vert, a cross crosslet argent quarter-pierced gules, on a chief dovetailed argent three hunting horns vert stringed gules.

His previous device (Or, a pall gules between three fleurs-de-lys, that in chief within an annulet sable) becomes a badge.

Elena Bentivogli. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Etain Eame. Name.

Friedrich Wilhelm von Falkenberg. Name.

Gawain Ord Dubh. Name and device. Argent, a sledge-hammer bendwise, on a chief sable two cubit arms, hands clasped argent.

The byname was submitted as Uird Dubh, which makes the noun either a plural or in the genitive case. We've corrected it to the nominative singular, to match the case of the adjective: Ord Dubh, "black hammer". (He could also be "of the black hammer", which would be Uird Dhuibhe, according to Lady Harpy.)

Genevieve Christiana Buchannon. Name and device. Vert, on a bend cotised between two pairs of scissors argent, three fleurs-de-lys palewise purpure.

Gillian Lenzi. Name.

Griffin ap Bedwyr. Name change (from Gryphon Shieldbreaker) (see RETURNS for device).

Ian Cnulle. Name (see RETURNS for badge).

James the Dragonseeker. Device. Argent, in pale a castle sable and a frog vert spotted Or, a bordure nebuly purpure.

Though right on the edge of acceptable complexity, this is acceptable.

Jolyon Draeger. Name.

Katherine FitzAlan. Device. Per pale argent and azure, a dragon couchant, wings addorsed counterchanged, maintaining an abacus sable.

Magdalene von Rottweil. Name.

When her device was returned on the LoAR of July 92, her name was inadvertently returned as well. There were no problems with the name; we hereby register it, with apologies for tardiness. Mea culpa.

Margaret Swynford of Bristow. Device change. Vert, three shears interlaced in pall Or.

Her previous device (Vert, three shears interlaced in triquetra Or within a tressure sable, fimbriated argent) is released.

This was submitted on the East Kingdom LOI of 10 May 92; but as the submitter is a resident of An Tir, we are recording the new device here. We encourage clients to submit through their Kingdom of residence. For one thing, it helps keep the Kingdom files accurate; this makes a difference when those files are used as source material, e.g. for scribes. For another, it discourages submitters from "shopping around" until they find a Kingdom that might accept a questionable submission their own Kingdom's heralds might return.

In this case, the submitter was simply visiting friends in the East who happened to be heralds, and they took her paperwork to save her time. We've no problem with that, but Lord Brigantia should make sure (if he has not already done so) that An Tir receives a full set of copies of all the submission forms.

Michael Phelan. Name.

A quick "Auda/Ali" test of everyone at the Laurel meeting convinced us this did not conflict with Michael Palin, of Monty Python fame.

Moreach nic Mhaolain. Name (see RETURNS for device).

The byname was submitted as nic Maolain. The particle nic mutates the following name into the genitive; we have corrected the grammar accordingly.

Ofelia della Crusca. Badge. (fieldless) On an escallop Or a frog vert spotted Or.

Saewynn Silfrhrafn. Device. Sable, a raven rising and in chief three broad arrowheads, all within an orle embattled counter-embattled argent.

Serena Eame. Name.

Thamzine of the North Sea. Device change. Ermine, a grenade sable enflamed gules, on a chief azure four frets conjoined argent.

Her previous device (Per fess wavy crested azure and vert, in pale a mullet Or and a roundel ermine) is retained as a badge.

Tiffany nic Aodha. Name.

The byname was submitted as nic Aoidh. The particle nic mutates the following name into the genitive; we have corrected the grammar accordingly.


Aaron Blackbow of Eagle's Ridge. Name and device. Purpure, an arrow head argent charged with a Latin cross formy nowy purpure.

Aella Constanze Wulfwärter. Name.

We've added the umlaut to the byname, to match the submitter's documentation and forms.

Alane O'Maoilriain. Device. Vert, a chevron inverted argent between a lyre and three mullets Or.

The chevron inverted should not issue from the corners of the chief, but from the sides of the shield. Please instruct the submitter.

Alexandra Ketillaug of Kastelholm. Name and device. Per bend gules and azure, a reindeer's head couped and collared Or and a castle argent.

Alyssa Rose MacGregor. Name and device. Argent, on a heart purpure a keyhole argent, a chief embattled purpure.

Arielle ní Sheanáin. Name.

Given such names as Michelle and Raphaelle, Arielle seems a reasonable feminization of the Hebrew masculine name Ariel. Certainly, it's preferable to the widespread use of the latter by female personae. The byname was submitted as Seanáin, but the documentation suggests the need for a patronymic particle -- in this case, the feminine particle ní, which aspirates the following word. We have corrected the grammar.

Ariya Arkadova. Name and device. Vairy Or and sable, a kraken gules.

Nice, simple armory.

Arnkatla Solveigardottir. Device. Per bend sinister vert and argent, a sea-ewe naiant bendwise counterchanged.

Nice device!

Atenveldt, Barony of. Badge for the Performing Arts Guild. Argent, on a bend sinister between two clarions azure, a quill pen argent.

This is clear of Jason of Riverstone (SCA): Argent, on a bend sinister between two ermine tails azure, a pen inverted Or. A comparison of the emblazons showed that Jason's pen is unmistakably inverted; we can easily grant a CD for posture and tincture of tertiary in this case. That, along with the CD for type of secondaries, brings it clear.

Berenger Fitz Gerard. Name correction and device. Gules, on a pale wavy Or, a sword maintained by a mailed cubit arm issuant from base sable.

The byname was originally submitted as Fitz Gerard by the client; a typo on the Aten LOI of March 92 made it Fitz Gerald, and Laurel registered it in that form without noting the error. The device submission forms still use Fitz Gerard, but the Aten LOI of May 92 misspelled it Fitz Gerrard. We have no compunction about correcting a one-letter typo.

Briana Níg Uidhir. Name.

The patronymic was submitted as MagUidhir. Pending a full discussion of Irish patronymics (called for in last month's LoAR cover letter), I am taking the grammatically correct route: female names should use the female patronymic particle.

Catherine Elizabeth Morgan. Name.

Daniel Cameron. Name and device. Sable, a tulip slipped and leaved and on a chief argent a pair of shackles, the chain broken sable.

This was blazoned as a garden rose, but the emblazon showed a tulip.

Dasiya Alexandrovna Rostova. Name change (from Dorofei Alexandrovna Rostova).

Denise of the Twin Moons. Holding name (see RETURNS) and device. Per bend sinister argent and vert, a rose within a bordure counterchanged.

This was submitted under the name Diana Delarosa di Pergola. While the submitter forbade corrections, she does seem to have permitted a holding name to be formed.

Devin of Stillwater. Name and device. Per pale sable and Or, a single-arched bridge between three gouts counterchanged.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the gouts larger.

Edward Drake von Nordstrom. Device. Quarterly gules and sable, a dragon dormant and a bordure rayonny Or.

Elisabeth Davies. Name and device. Azure, three lit Arabian lamps in pale, a tierce argent.

Fiona Morwenna Seaborne. Name and device. Per pale azure and purpure, a sea-horse between three escallops argent.

The name was submitted as Feona Morwenna the Seaborne. We have no evidence of regular period contact between Russia (the source of the given name) and Cornwall (the source of the middle name). Such evidence is required, per Rule III.2. We have substituted the Irish Fiona.

While the last element was unlikely as an epithet, deleting the article made it an acceptable surname. Reaney (DBS2, p.310) derives several similar surnames from the OE Saebeorn, and Bardsley cites the surname Seiborne to 1581.

Gillian of Ered Sul. Name.

Guillaume de la Rapière. Name and device. Argent semy of hearts, a gauntlet gules within an orle purpure, on a chief gules a rapier argent.

We've corrected the accent on the byname. This is the correct placement of an orle with a chief: the orle runs parallel to the edge of the chief, and is not surmounted by it. See the arms of the Worshipful Company of Musicians, used by them c.1590. (Bromley & Child, Armorial Bearings of the Guilds of London, p.180)

There was some concern whether this was too reminiscent of the Red Hand of Ulster, a prohibited charge in the SCA. It turns out that the Red Hand of Ulster was used as an augmentation, not as a main charge. We would certainly return a device that used a canton argent charged with a hand gules, and perhaps even a chief argent charged with a hand gules would be too suggestive; but the use of red hands, gloves, gauntlets, etc., on white backgrounds is not, in and of itself, cause for return.

Guthrum hinn Snjóköttr. Name.

The byname was submitted as hinn sniór Köttr, and is supposed to mean "the snow cat". We have corrected the grammar.

Gwyneth of the Sea. Name.

This was submitted as Gwyneth Rhiannon of the Sea. The use of the Welsh sea goddess with the byname of the Sea (and a homophone of the country of North Wales) seemed excessive. We have deleted the portion of the name that was both least documented and most problematic.

Henry of Three Needles. Name (see RETURNS for device).

According to Lady Black Stag, the OED cites needle as a topographic feature in 1490. Three Needles seems a reasonable name for a place with three large stone spires.

Hrodgar Bertolf von München. Name correction and device. Azure, a sword inverted proper between a pair of wings displayed inverted argent, a bordure Or.

The middle name was registered as Bertold on the LoAR of Aug 91. However, the submission forms and the original LOI show it as above.

This is clear of Gerick Greyhawk (SCA), Azure, a dexter gauntlet, apaumy and clenched, Or between two hawk's wings conjoined argent, all within a bordure Or. Gerick's gauntlet is clearly the primary, and the wings secondary. Thus we can grant a CD for type and a CD for tincture of the central charge, without even considering whether Hrodgar's wings are also primaries.

Ingvarr Vikarsson. Name and device. Or, a drakkar vert between three swords sable.

The byname was submitted as Vikarrsson. We have used the form cited in the submitter's own documentation, Geirr Bassi's Old Norse Name. (Note to Lord Green Anchor: The seal of the town of Bergen, c.1300, shows a double-headed drakkar, with genuine dragon-head prows. Whether or not the Vikings actually sailed such a ship, they were depicted doing so in medieval art.)

Jack of Atenveldt. Holding name (see RETURNS) and device. Gules, in saltire a double-bitted axe and a sword and in chief two skulls argent.

This was submitted under the name Rolan O'Cellaigh the Gentle. While he did not permit grammatical corrections, the submitter did permit the construction of a holding name.

Jame the Heyree Harry's son. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Though the name is registerable as it stands, it could be improved by dropping the article and coalescing the patronymic: James Heyree Harryson would be more period style. You might see if the submitter is willing to make the changes.

Jean André Boeye. Device. Azure, a bend gules ermined and fimbriated, between an eagle striking Or and a stag's head erased contourny argent.

Please instruct the submitter to draw everything bigger henceforth.

Kristoff McLain Cameron. Device. Azure, a Great Dane statant Or, on a chief dovetailed argent three thistles proper.

The Great Dane is a period breed of dog, according to Mistress Ammalynne's monograph in the Meridean Symposium Proceedings, 1982. Period devices did not generally blazon an exact breed of dog; they tended to be more generic (talbot, mastiff, alaunt, etc.). However, this wasn't noted during the gentle's previous submission.

Leila Angwin of the Silver Stallion. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and vert, on a bend sinister gules between an acorn inverted vert and a decrescent, five mullets bendwise conjoined in bend sinister argent.

The given name was submitted as Leala, claimed to be a variant form of Leila. The documentation did not support that claim: in particular, as Leila derives from the Arabic Lailaa, it probably wouldn't change pronunciation so radically. We have substituted Leila. The device was on the edge of acceptability.

Lochlainn Ó Riain. Name and device. Or, a bend sinister purpure between a griffin rampant gules, maintaining a bow sable, and a Celtic cross gules.

The given name was submitted as Lochlin, but the submitter's own evidence did not support that form; we have substituted the documented form of the name.

Madeleine Bonaventure of Alexandria. Name and device. Purpure, a sun and on a base wavy Or an escallop purpure.

Magdalena Aeleis MacLellan. Name (see RETURNS for device).

The given name was submitted as Magdalina, but the evidence cited supports the above spelling.

Melisend de Chartres. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Michelle Almy. Device. Or, a bird displayed and facing sinister azure, in chief a chaplet of ivy vert, a bordure azure.

Molly MacGrioghair. Name.

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Badge for the Arts and Sciences Champion. Per chevron throughout argent and vert, two harps sable and a fleur-de-lys argent.

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Name and badge for the Order of the Defenders of Mons Tonitrus. Per fess sable and argent, three gyrons issuant from chief argent and three chevronels braced sable.

Morgan Etienne ap Gwalchmai Gwynedd. Name and device. Per pale sable and argent, a dragon passant to sinister, tail nowed, between three fleurs-de-lis counterchanged.

The toponymic was misspelled Gwynned on the LOI; we have substituted the documented spelling.

There are period examples of beasts with knotted tails ("queues nowed"), so we don't mind blazoning that; the similar nowing of the tongue, however, must be considered artistic license, as is the exact style of nowing.

Morgan the Mischief. Name and device. Purpure, between the horns of a decrescent argent a compass star elongated to base Or, a chief embattled argent.

The byname was submitted as the Mischief Maker. According to the OED, in period idiom, one would not make mischief; one would either do mischief or be mischief. We have used the latter meaning here, as closer to both period form and his desired meaning. It would be well, however, to tell the submitter that "mischief" was a much stronger term in period; "evil" would be closer to the same meaning today.

Morgana Quarry. Name.

Morgwen Niger. Device reblazon. Per bend sinister sable and azure, a fox sejant guardant and in dexter chief a garden rosebud slipped argent.

This was presented as a new submission. In fact, it had already been registered Jan 90. (Evidently, the submitter was never told.) No action is necessary, though I'm taking the opportunity to amend the blazon slightly (adding the slip to the rosebud).

Nadya Gornastaevna Chorkova. Name.

The patronymic was submitted in the LOI as Gornasteavna. The forms and the documentation show the above form.

Nathair Airgid, Shire of. Name.

The name was submitted as Airgid Nathair, but adjectives generally follow their nouns in Gaelic. We have corrected the grammar accordingly.

Nial Cinnsealach. Name.

Odinel Reidleck. Name (see RETURNS for device).

The byname was submitted as Reidleac, but that form combines English and Scots Gaelic into a single word. Such practice is disallowed per Rule III.2.a. We have substituted a completely English spelling; he could also have the Gaelic Ruadhleac, if he wishes.

Radulfr Arnason. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Sigeweard Wildeorilc. Name and device. Per chevron argent and sable, three ostrich plumes inverted within a bordure counterchanged.

The byname was spelled Wildeorile on the LOI, but the submitter's forms use the correct spelling shown here. The primary charges were blazoned quill pens inverted, tips broken, but they did not appear to be pens (no nibs could be seen on the full-size emblazon); and in any case, a pen's tip (broken or not) is the quill end, not the plumed end. Several commenters suggested the above reblazon, and it seems the best solution.

Sile vom Rosendorn. Name.

The byname was submitted as von Rosedorn, and was intended to mean "of the rose thorn". We have corrected the grammar for that meaning.

Steven of Hunter's Rest. Device. Gules, two boar spears in saltire argent between in pale two swords inverted Or.

Sun, Principality of the. Badge for the Order of the Solar Phoenix. Quarterly azure and argent, a phoenix gules rising from flames proper within a bordure embattled gules.

Under our new policy of counting difference from mundane Mon, this is clear of Seki: Dark, a phoenix light. There's a CD for tincturelessness, and a CD for the bordure.

Therese of Mons Tonitrus. Holding name and device. Quarterly azure and vert, in bend two swallows volant Or.

The name was submitted as Myrddina O Duir of the Whisper Wood on the Aten LOI of Feb 92; it was returned on the LoAR of May 92. Fortunately, the submitter permits a holding name to be formed. As noted last month, this design motif does not constitute quartering.


Alistair MacMillan. Name and device. Argent, a pile inverted gules between two bees sable.

Anne Marie of Kilbirnie. Name.

This was submitted as Anne Marie Constable of Kilbirnie. Such a form is tantamount to claiming a rank and title -- potentially a fairly high rank, considering that the Constable of England ranked with the Earl Marshall. We have deleted the problematic element of the name.

Antonella di Marco. Name.

Assar merch Owen. Name and device. Gules fretty Or, on a roundel per fess Or and sable, a sea-stag counterchanged.

Assar merch Owen. Badge. Per fess Or and sable, a sea-stag counterchanged.

Atlantia, Kingdom of. Heraldic title for Most Pursuivant.

You don't want to know the comments from the Laurel meeting, trust me.....

Bertrand de Flammepoing. Device reblazon. Sable, a pall Or fimbriated of flame proper between a mullet of eight points Or and two more argent.

When registered in Oct 81, the pall was blazoned "Or enflamed proper", suggesting a substantial envelope of flame -- rather like a cross irradiated. The above reblazon more accurately denotes the flame's actual visual significance.

Bertrand de Flammepoing. Badge reblazon. Sable, a pall Or fimbriated of flame proper.

As with the gentle's device, the gentle's badge was blazoned with a "pall Or enflamed proper" when it was registered March 82. The above reblazon is a more accurate description of the design.

Connor Ivorson. Name and device. Argent, a raven rising to sinister sable, a bordure vert semy of arrows reversed argent.

Cuán MacDaige. Name and device. Checky azure and Or, three mastiffs sejant argent.

The byname was submitted as MacDaig, but the patronymic particle requires Daig to be in the genitive case. We have corrected the grammar. Nice device.

Cwenfolcyn de Hauteville. Name.

Searle specifically cites -folcyn as an Anglo-Saxon deuterotheme. It should be acceptable. We've corrected the grammar of the byname.

It had been previously ruled (LoAR of 29 March 87) that the protheme Cwen- "woman, queen" was presumptuous, and unacceptable for SCA use. I agree that, as an independent element, it presents problems on a par with, say, Earl as a given name. It is a common and well-documented Anglo-Saxon name theme, however, and when correctly used, should not imply rank to a reasonable listener. I therefore reverse the current policy, and formally rule that the protheme Cwen- is acceptable for Anglo-Saxon constructions.

Daniel of Rutland. Device. Per chevron azure and Or, two increscents Or and a bird volant bendwise holding in its beak an artist's brush sable.

Eiríkr Fence Splitter. Device. Per pale sable and argent, in bend a decrescent and an increscent counterchanged.

The consensus seems to be that this is not impaled armory; it's no different than, say, two beasts combattant on the same field.

Elden the True. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and sable, a Latin cross clechy gules and three swords inverted Or.

Fergus of Hanna. Device. Purpure, on a chevron argent between three swords proper, a cross formy gules.

Isobel MacCaffery. Device. Argent, a torteau and two feathers one and two, a bordure sable.

Keii Gerard de Courtenay. Badge. (fieldless) On a Celtic cross argent, a candle vert, lit proper.

Leifr Jóhansson. Name and device. Argent, an eagle displayed azure, on a base rayonny gules a sun Or.

Leifr Jóhansson. Badge. Gules, on a sun Or an eagle displayed azure, a bordure argent.

Marie de la Terre. Device. Azure, on a chevron inverted between three garbs one and two Or, three crosses fleury sable.

Mariel of Strasbourg. Name and device. Per pale Or and azure, a deer at gaze between three crescents counterchanged.

Marinus, Barony of. Name for the Order of the Water Lily (see RETURNS for badge).

Morgan Fitzwalter of Lithewood. Name change (from Morgan Cynwyl y Cerddor).

Raymond du Bois Vert. Name and device. Per pale Or and vert, a sun in its splendor within a serpent involved counterchanged.

Rebekah de Veryan. Name and device. Per saltire argent ermined gules, and sable, an eagle displayed Or and a bordure counterchanged.

Rogon Steingesicht. Name.

Sanchia Quintero. Name.

Siobhán NicDhuinnshléibhe. Name.

Stanwulf the Stern. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Stierbach, Shire of. Badge. Per pale argent and gules, two bulls' heads couped respectant within a bordure embattled counterchanged.

Stierbach, Shire of. Badge. Per bend argent and gules, a bull salient and a decrescent within a bordure embattled counterchanged.

Please instruct the submitters on the correct way to draw a bull salient.

Thomas Wodeman. Name.

Thorbjorn inn Mikligerzki. Device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, an anvil sable and a quill pen bendwise sinister Or.

Tiethardus von Ulm. Name.

Tymoteusz Konikokrad. Name.

The given name was misspelled Tymateusz on the LOI; the submitter's forms, and his documentation, show the above form.

Ursula von Bremen. Device. Argent, an estoile gules, on a chief rayonny sable three roundels argent.


Aaron Clearwater. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Alexandre Christophe von der Klinge. Name.

The byname was submitted as von die Klinge; we have corrected the grammar to the dative case.

Alicia Kyra Avelin. Household name of Caer Ariandan.

This was submitted as Caer Ariantan; we've corrected it to the form they seem to desire, which requires lenition of the last syllable.

Amargein Mac Aoidh. Name.

Angeline Cymraes. Device. Gules, on a chevron per pale argent and sable between three pairs of compasses Or, three roses counterchanged.

Angels, Barony of the. Household name and badge for House Cherubim. Gules, a child's head caboshed Or between two wings conjoined in lure argent.

This is for the Baronial newcomer's household. As Lady Brachet noted, the charges here have the same visual weight as a head within a laurel wreath, where the head would be considered primary. The head must likewise be the primary charge here, and the wings as drawn are secondaries. Rule X.1 therefore brings this clear of Wyngefeld (Papworth 1122), Gules, two wings conjoined in lure argent, cited in the LOI.

Anne of Dinas Emrys. Name.

Arianna Kateryn Nunneschild. Device. Gules, a stag rampant to sinister between three decrescents argent.

Arriel of Andros. Device. Per fess argent and Or, a reremouse sable and a bunch of grapes purpure slipped vert, a bordure sable.

Beatrice Sant'Anastasia Silvani. Device. Bendy Or and azure, a bear rampant sable, on a chief azure three escallops Or.

Brónach Finnabair ua Temneáin. Name and device. Argent, a winged wolf passant contourny sable between three open scrolls azure.

The name was submitted as Brónach Fionnúir ó Teimhneáin. Technically, the masculine patronymic form should not be combined with a feminine name. We have altered the patronymic to the correct feminine form; and, since the submitter permitted changes, followed Lord Dragon's suggestion and made the name as a whole more temporally consistent.

Carol of Tour d'Yvoire. Badge. (fieldless) A goblet Or supported by two vested cubit arms in chevron inverted within and issuant from an annulet purpure.

This was submitted under the name Merit-Ankht-Sekeret neth Yunit-ta-Netert, which was returned on the LoAR of May 92. We have used the holding name registered with her device, June 92.

Cassandra Elaine McPherson. Name and device. Argent, a drawn bow and arrow aimed to sinister chief purpure between three daggers inverted azure.

Charlotte Genevieve Thibaudeau. Name and device. Argent, a wingless sea-griffin contourny between three oak leaves gules.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the leaves much larger.

Clare Michaels. Name.

Cristie ni Cairbre O'Callanáin. Household name and badge for Hous Amberherthe. Vert, a fireball Or, a bordure ermine.

Cynthia Tregeare. Name change (from Cynthia Morgan) and device. Argent, a mascle-knot gules, a bordure embattled sable.

The primary charge is unique to Society armory, defined in the device of Leonard the Younger (reblazoned elsewhere in this LoAR). This is a case where an SCA-invented charge is still acceptable: the name does not apply to any other charge in mundane heraldic texts (not even Elvin), the charge is not readily confused with any other, and it is conceptually similar to period charges (i.e. angular Bowen knots, 1530; v. the Oxford Guide to Heraldry, p.149).

Dervla Aisling Lambkyn. Name correction from Dervia Aisling Lambkyn.

When this was registered June 92, the L in the given name was mistyped as an I. Since none of the commenters had any objection to the name, we are restoring the submitted (and documented) spelling.

Dietmar Reinhart von Straubing an der Donau. Name and device. Or masoned sable, a chief embattled azure, a base rayonny gules.

Dirk del Prestes. Name.

The byname was submitted as du Priest, but the examples in Reaney and Dauzat do not support that construction: The French du should not mix with the English priest. We've substituted one of the documented forms.

Dun Or, Canton of. Device change. Per pale azure and Or, a tower within a laurel wreath, a bordure counterchanged.

Their previous device (Argent, two dragons rampant addorsed reguardant and in base a laurel wreath, all within a bordure embattled sable) is released.

Elaine Brigham of Yorkshire. Name and device. Vert, six daisies argent, seeded and within a bordure Or.

Please instruct the submitter to draw all the charges larger, and the daisies correctly. (That is, with the petals conjoined to the seeds.)

Eoforhild of Cantwarabyrig. Name and device. Vert, two boars combattant argent, each maintaining a recorder Or.

Eoin Eardstapa. Name and device. Vert, a foot couped contourny argent within an orle of wheels Or.

In heraldry, a foot is a human foot by default.

Francesca Katherine da Monferrato. Name.

The byname was submitted as da Montferrat, with the French form of the placename. We have substituted the Italian form.

Gwendolyn Darkmantle the Sable Cat. Name and device. Argent, a hurst of fir trees couped proper, a bordure purpure semy of roses argent.

Gwyneth Llywelyn Dywyll. Name (see RETURNS for device).

The given name was submitted by the client as Gwyneth, and modified to Gywnaeth on the LOI. There was no need: Morgan & Morgan's Welsh Surnames cites the given name Gwineth to 1577.

Heinrich der Gelehrte. Device. Per pale sable and gules, an owl between three open books Or.

Hraefn MacThaidhg. Device. Per chevron vert and argent, two equal-armed Celtic crosses and a raven displayed counterchanged.

Igrainne Silver Feather. Name and device. Per bend sable and argent, a feather and a wolf sejant contourny ululant counterchanged.

Jamal Damien Marcus. Household name and badge for House Drake's Mark; to be held jointly with Éowyn Amberdrake. (fieldless) A dragon's head and an eagle's head erased, addorsed and conjoined at the neck Or.

Jonathas Randall. Name and device. Purpure, on a pall Or three pheons, points outward sable.

Katherine Dún na nGall of Westmeath. Name and device. Azure, a sword inverted proper between in bend two Norse serpents nowed, overall a bend sinister Or charged with three fleurs-de-lys palewise sable.

The device is right on the edge of acceptable complexity. The Norse serpents (or "Norse twisty-beasties", as they're sometimes called) currently defined for SCA use are still permitted; the Laurel precedent that everyone half-remembers (LoAR cover letter of 12 July 86, p.3) banned any new types of Norse serpent.

Katherine Morgan Galbraith. Name.

Kathryn Ashman. Name.

Liliana Micheline. Name and device. Argent pelletty, a unicorn rampant purpure.

Nice armory!

Michael of the Two Peaks. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Mikhail Vojaka Kazimirov. Name and device (see RETURNS for badge). Or, in pale a bear's jambe inverted issuant from dexter gules, and another issuant from sinister sable.

The name was submitted as Mikhail Vojakin Kazimir, with documentation from Unbegaun. Unfortunately, that documentation does not support this form. Vojakin is not Russian for "warrior", but a surname derived from the word for "warrior" (voyaka, or as Unbegaun spells it, vojaka). If it's to be used as a surname, it should not be in the middle of the name. Likewise, Kazimir is a given name, not a surname, and should not be used in the surname's place. We have made the minimal necessary changes to correct the form of the name; Mikhail Kazimirovich Vojakin would also be acceptable.

Morella of Glenalder. Name and device. Vert, a pale counter-compony sable and argent, on a chief argent three open ink-bottles sable.

Nikita Kosinsky. Name and device. Pily barry vert and Or, a trident argent surmounted by a rose purpure.

Padraic the Fierce. Name change (from Padraic Dioguardi) and device change. Per pale and per saltire embowed counter-embowed argent and azure, a raven rising, wings addorsed, and a bordure sable.

His previous device (Argent, semy-de-lys purpure, a cross potent and a bordure embattled sable) is released.

Peter Hibben. Name and device. Sable, on a saltire argent another humetty gules, in base an arm conjoined to a sinister wing and maintaining a sword, on a chief argent three annulets gules.

Portia of Nordwache. Holding name (see RETURNS) and device. Azure, on two flaunches argent two dragons combattant sable.

This was submitted under the name Porsche Audi.

Rebecca Buttesthorn of Rosehaven. Name.

Rhydderch Lasairian Ua Láegaire. Name.

The byname was submitted as Ua Laoghaire, which mixes an Old Irish particle with a Modern Irish given name. As the submitter permits minor changes, we have used a form of Laoghaire more closely matched temporally to the rest of the name.

Roselyn Dale of Ashingdon. Name and device. Per bend sinister embattled ermine and gules, a lion passant guardant gules and a rose argent.

Rowena le Sarjent. Device. Purpure, three scarps enhanced Or, in base a gryphon segreant sustaining a fleur-de-lys argent.

Salvador Juárez de Xochimilco. Name.

Lady Ensign has provided documentation for combining Aztec elements in a Spanish name: Juan de Texeda was an Indian governor in 1540.

Serena de la Tour d'Yvoire. Name and device. Per fess embattled purpure and argent, three hearts argent and three spiders sable.

Theodric Alastair Wulfricson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Thomas Blackkeep. Device. Per chevron throughout argent and sable, two pairs of triangles conjoined in pale at the points gules and a tower argent.

Thorfinn Bjarnarbródir. Name.

The byname was submitted as Bjarnarbroder. We have substituted the Old Norse form.

Tòmas Youngerson. Name and device. Vert, a sword inverted Or, on a chief wavy argent three golpes.

Ulf Hammerhand. Name.

Wilhelm von dem See. Name.

Wulfric Grimbeald. Badge. Sable, on a triskelion of wolves' heads argent a torteau, a bordure argent.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the bordure wider.


Aelfthryth of Dunholme. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a sword throughout proper between a pair of hands argent.

If the submitter is unaware that Aelfthryth is a feminine name, he should be told.

Carrefour, Shire of. Device. Or, on a saltire azure another argent, in chief a laurel wreath vert.

Please instruct the submitters to draw both saltires larger.

Dagmar Torsdottir. Name change (from Maksymiliana Agata Michalska) (see RETURNS for badge).

Eleanor Sinclair of Aberdeen. Name.

Genevieve Penrose. Device. Gyronny azure and Or, an open book gules between four hearts in cross counterchanged.

Please instruct the submitter to draw her hearts larger.

Karl Friedrich von Sturmhafen. Name and device. Argent, a lighthouse sable enflamed in chief gules within a bordure rayonny sable goutty argent.

Karl Friedrich von Sturmhafen. Badge. (fieldless) A winged fish naiant gules, wings addorsed Or.

Stephan Greythorne. Name.

Tyrkir von Bremen. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Albrect Grammaticus Bielke. Name.

Aldberct the Smith. Name.

This did not conflict with the character of Alberich in Wagner's Ring Cycle; though he was a smith, he was never called so. He seems to have always been called Alberich the Dwarf or Alberich the Niebelung.

Alisandre Isabeau de la Chapelle. Name change (from Alison Isabeau de la Chapelle).

Anna of Comlongon. Name.

Aonghas Mathgamain MacDhomhnuill. Name.

Ardis Bluemantle. Badge. (fieldless) A lizard tergiant Or.

Classic badge design!

Brénainn MacShuibne. Name.

The name was spelled Brennain MacQueen on the LOI. The submitter's forms spell the given name as above, which matches the cited documentation. As for the byname, perhaps I'm paranoid, but MacQueen seems to fall into the same category as FitzEmpress: doubtless a documented name, but one that claims royal rank to the average yeoman-on-the-road. We have substituted the Gaelic spelling.

Brychen Silverfist. Name.

Cathal Ruadhan ap Hywel ap Llewellyn. Name and device. Per fess vert and argent, a plate and an ax fesswise sable.

Cearnach of Stonemarche. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Deirdre O'Connell. Name and device. Quarterly Or and gules, four swans naiant to sinister counterchanged sable and argent.

The given name was submitted as Dierdre, but the above is the documented spelling. The device isn't marshalling, any more than the armory of Wales (Quarterly Or and gules, four lions passant guardant counterchanged) is marshalling. So long as all the charged sections of the field bear a single (identical) charge, this is considered acceptable for SCA use.

Dragon's Aerie, Canton of. Name and device. Sable fretty argent, a dragon passant and on a chief Or three laurel wreaths vert.

Dylan ap Maelgwyn. Badge. (fieldless) A wolf's head cabossed per pale argent and azure.

Elizabeth Canynges the Ravenhaired. Name.

The OED cites examples of Shakespeare using raven as a color: e.g. eyes "raven-black", or "raven-colored love". It is more poetic than was normal for period descriptives, but seems acceptable.

Emelyne O'Toole. Name.

Erling Herjolfsson. Device. Vert, a drinking horn palewise and a bordure dovetailed Or.

Eskil Eskilsson Örn. Name and device. Lozengy vert and argent, three ships sable.

The ships need to be drawn much larger; please instruct the submitter. Possible conflict was cited against the armory of the town of Wexford; Papworth (p.1092) blazons it as Three three-masted ships two and one, without the ellipses he normally uses to indicate unknown tinctures. However, the current arms of Wexford have an argent field and proper ships, according to Lord Crescent (who cites Louda's European Civic Coats of Arms). The citation in Papworth would appear to have been taken from a tinctureless depiction of those arms, a seal or church carving. Under the circumstances, we're willing to grant the submitter the benefit of the doubt here.

Fatima bint Shabbah. Name and device. Per fess gules and vert, on a pale Or a Star of David sable.

Filip Månsson. Name.

Franz Joder von Joderhübel. Alternate persona name for Erasmus Schneegass.

Greger Eberhard. Device. Sable, three arrows in pall, points conjoined Or between three daggers inverted, each blade surmounted by an anvil argent.

Guillaume de Boulonbec. Name and device. Or, on a pale double-endorsed gules three wolves passant reguardant contourny coward Or.

The endorses should be moved closer to the pale, to avoid the appearance of a paly field. Please instruct the submitter.

Harald Folkesson. Name and device. Azure, a pale Or, in chief three lions counterchanged.

Heronter, Shire of. Name and device. Or, a heron in its vigilance azure within a laurel wreath vert.

The use of -ter in Ekwall is rare, but seems acceptable; however, Herontor would be a far more probable name. If, as suggested on their forms, they want the Gaelic for "land of the herons", that would be Tír na gCorr. You might pass this on to the submitters.

Hrefna Vegvís. Name.

The byname was submitted as Vegvíss, which is the masculine form of the adjective. We have substituted the feminine form.

Ingfridh of Nordmark. Holding name (see RETURNS) and device. Gules, a sun in his splendour and on a chief Or three towers sable.

This was submitted under the name Ingfridh Magnidottir.

Ingirídr Hikri Fridriksdóttir. Name.

The given name was submitted as Ingiríðr. As we've learned to our sorrow in trying to read the numerous formats of the disks sent to us, non-Roman characters are hard to handle, for us and for the Armorial. We register names in the Roman alphabet, not in Cyrillic, kanji, Greek, or runes -- including edhs and thorns. She may certainly spell it with an edh, once the name is registered; but for the record, we have substituted a standard transliteration of the edh.

Jean le Dur. Name.

Johan Eriksson Leijon. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a lion's head erased argent between three flames Or, all within a bordure embattled argent.

Juhana Maununpoika Kivisuo. Name.

Karl Klauezahn. Name.

Kettil Valdemarsson Flamma. Name.

Leonard the Younger. Device reblazon. Gules, within the head of a mjolnir inverted and voided, a mascle-knot argent.

This is the defining instance of the SCA charge, the mascle-knot. When the device was registered back in Oct 76, it was blazoned Gules, a Mjollnir-pendant inverted, pierced, and within the head a mascle-knot of six corners argent. It was reblazoned Feb 89 by Mistress Alison as Gules, on the head of a Mjollnir inverted gules, fimbriated, a mascle-knot of six corners argent. Both blazons specified the mascle-knot as having six corners; but after a little experimentation, it's hard to see that it could have any other number. A "mascle-knot of four corners" would be blazoned a Bowen cross in SCA armory, or four mascles-fretted by Elvin; a mascle-knot of eight corners would actually be a saltire parted, voided and interlaced; and a mascle-knot of more than eight corners would probably not be permitted.

I am therefore restricting the definition of "mascle-knot" to six corners, no more or less, and reblazoning the orginal registration accordingly. The mascle-knot, so defined, is still acceptable for SCA use.

Llewellyn ap Teyrnon. Name.

The byname was submitted as ap Tiernon. This is not a valid variant spelling of the documented ap Teyrnon, according to Lady Harpy. We have substituted the documented form.

Mairghread of Ryvel. Badge. (fieldless) An urchin sejant erect proper maintaining a harp argent stringed Or.

The urchin proper is shown here as brown, with a white face and belly.

Margaret ny Connor. Name.

The patronymic was submitted as ni Connor, which mixed an Irish particle with an anglicized given name. Lord Dragon found examples of ny as an anglicization of the Irish ní; we have substituted that.

Marian Loresinger. Name change (from Mariette Constance Willete) (see RETURNS for device).

Matias Klaunpoika Diakon. Name and device. Per saltire argent and azure semy of quatrefoils argent, in pale a lyre and a wolf's head cabossed sable.

Morgana le Coeur. Name and device. Per fess wavy, barry wavy argent and azure, and Or, in base a hart rampant sable.

Olaf Eriksson Örnklo. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Philip Cloonagh. Name.

Ranalt MacFirbis. Name.

Richard von Hertenstein. Name.

Roland Haraldsson Hampe. Name.

Ruaidhri MacCrimthainn. Name.

Sabina Portinari. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Stefan Skywatcher. Name.

While the name is registerable, perhaps you could persuade the submitter to use a more period epithet -- perhaps based on the English astrologue, or the Latin astrologus.

Suzanne Neuber de Londres. Name.

Thora of Thescorre. Name and device. Quarterly sable and gules, a lightning bolt palewise Or.

This raised some discussion in the commentary and at the Laurel meeting. Hitherto, the combination of a lightning bolt with a name derived from Thor has been considered an excessive reference to the Norse god. (The list of Prohibited Name/Charge Combinations is found in the 1986 Glossary of Terms, and is still in force.) The rationale has been to avoid, not presumption, but the appearance of a claim of magical power or non-human descent. The need was fairly great when the rule was promulgated, a decade ago; the College had to actively discourage submissions from demi-gods, elves, and wizards. Even today, we get the occasional non-human epithet (e.g. Stormrkartr).

On the other hand, the tenor of the Society has grown more authenticist and less fantasist over the last ten years. And as Lord Dragon notes, "Reference isn't presumption": for instance, submitters named Catharine are permitted, even encouraged, to use Catharine's wheels in their armory.

There are still enough submitters Unclear On The Concept to warrant returning excessive fantasy references, or appearances of magical or non-mortal claims. But the key word is excessive: I think we can henceforth relax our standards a bit. For those names that are well documented as period human names, that also happen to be the names of gods, one armorial allusion to the god will no longer be considered excessive.

Thorulf Bjarnesson Elfagrim. Name.

The byname was misspelled Elvagrim on the LOI, but the submitter's forms and documentation show the above form. The name can either be considered a toponymic descriptive ("mean inhabitant from near the Elf River", in Sweden), or a personal name (Grim) dedicated to a deity at birth (equivalent to Thorgrim).

Tigellin der Auslander. Name and device. Sable, a sword inverted surmounted by a wolf's head couped contourny, a gore sinister Or.

The given name was spelled Tigellen on the LOI, but the submitter's forms and documentation support the above spelling.

Timothy of Edgewood. Name.

Trygge fråm Holmgård. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Wiglaf Vidarsson. Name.


Alexander de Arundel. Name and device. Or, an eagle displayed azure, on a chief sable a long Maltese cross argent.

Alexander Godfrey. Name change from Draco Silverhand.

Alexander Godfrey. Household name for House Black Cross.

Alexandra Keith. Name.

Amye Lancaster. Name.

Dafydd son of Donwald. Name.

The given name was submitted as Dafyd, but that doesn't appear to be a valid variant of the Welsh Dafydd; the two are pronounced quite differently. We have substituted the documented spelling.

Johannes the Black of the Athanor. Device. Sable, a retort atop an athanor, in sinister chief a cross moline, a bordure Or.

Kathleen ny Cananan. Name.

The byname was submitted as ó Cananáin, which uses a masculine patronymic form. We have substituted a late-period anglicization, which better matches the given name in period and language.

Kenrick Bosch. Name.

Michaelis Provost. Name and device. Gules, a horse's head erased and on a chief indented argent three shamrocks vert.

Thorgrim the Bald. Name.

William of Grey Niche. Device (see RETURNS for name change). Sable, a decrescent argent within an orle of chain Or.

This was submitted under the name William of Lee.


Arnthora Eyulfsdottir. Name.

Barnabas z Husinece. Badge. (fieldless) A whitebeam leaf inverted argent.

We're willing to blazon this a whitebeam leaf, but Swedish whitebeam seems unnecessarily exact.

Dafydd Gigfran ap Morgan. Device. Per bend sinister sable and azure, a raven displayed perched atop an equal-armed Celtic cross argent.

As drawn here, the cross is a significant secondary charge, worth a CD. This is clear of the multiple conflicts cited in the commentary.

Derric Brendan of Scarborough. Name and device. Purpure, a pegasus segreant contourny between in chief two fleurs-de-lys Or.

Dugan MacLeod. Device. Or, on a bend sinister sable between two griffins segreant gules, three quatrefoils palewise Or.

Falcon's Keep, Shire of. Name and device. Per fess embattled azure and argent, a peregrine falcon displayed guardant argent and a laurel wreath vert.

Griffith Dragonlake. Name and device (see RETURNS for badge). Barry wavy argent and azure, a dragon segreant and in chief three fleurs-de-lys gules.

Griffith Dragonlake. Household name and badge for House Dragonlake. Barry wavy argent and azure, three fleurs-de-lys one and two gules.

Gunther von Brandenburg. Device. Argent, a bear rampant contourny maintaining a flamberge sable within a bordure embattled gules.

Gunvor Torstensdottir. Device. Azure, three gouts Or, on a chief rayonny argent two escallops inverted azure.

We agree with Lord Dragon that these are gouts, not flames. She may resubmit with flames if she wishes, but she must draw them correctly.

Halla Ölvisdottir. Name.

Hauk Thorn the Wayfarer. Name.

Iarngard Ragnarson. Name (see RETURNS for household name).

Ilya Mstislavich. Name.

Lisette de Ville. Name.

The byname was submitted as De Ville. The evolution of the surname supports either Deville or de Ville; we have substituted the latter.

Odo Uthyr of Jararvellir. Name.

Richard Ó Gríobhtha. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Talan Gwynek. Device change. Argent, a mascle sable fretted with two quill pens, within a bordure engrailed gules.

His previous device (which I hereby reblazon as Argent, a mascle sable fretted with two quill pens gules, in chief a thistle proper to match his device) is retained as a badge.

Talan Gwynek. Badge. (fieldless) A mascle per pale sable and gules.

Ulrich von Falkenberg. Name.


Angelique Marielle DuBois. Name and device. Per bend purpure and Or, a bend pean between a lion couchant and a cross flory counterchanged.

Withycombe, p.24, cites Angelica as "the name of the lady beloved by Orlando" in the works of Ariosto (1474-1533); we find it, and its French form Angelique, acceptable. The middle name was submitted as Mariella, with Withycombe cited as the source; but the documentation given did not support the name. We have substituted Marielle, found in Dauzat (p.416), which also matches the language of the rest of the name.

Brion Gennadyevich Gorodin. Badge. (fieldless) A mascle argent surmounted by an ermine spot gules.

The form of ermine spot used here was specifically deemed acceptable, when his previous submission was returned Feb 92.

Catherine the Merry. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister wavy between a cat sejant guardant and a fool's cap Or, three hens palewise azure.

Dafydd ap Bleiddudd. Household name for Amddiffynfa yn Niwl.

Duibheasa ní Chéileacháin. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, two wolves sejant respectant ululant, in chief a roundel all counterchanged.

The name was submitted as Dubhessa ni Ceileachain. The cited documentation does not support the given name as submitted; we have substituted the documented form. The parental name aspirates after the feminine particle ní; we have amended the grammar, and added accents, accordingly.

Elspeth Islay of Glen Meara. Name.

Galen O'Loingsigh. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Giovanna di Piacensa. Device. Argent semy of grape clusters, on a bend sinister purpure three drinking horns fesswise Or.

Cornucopiae, by definition, are horns of plenty; an empty cornucopia is an oxymoron. We have used the blazon from her previous return, Feb 92.

Haakon Bjornsson. Device. Per pale azure and vert, in chief two lozenges conjoined in fess argent charged with two axes in chevron sable, in base a mullet of eight points argent.

This is poor style, and not to be encouraged, but it appears to be registerable.

Ibrahim ibn Abih al-Thaalibi. Name and device. Azure, on a bend cotised between a feather bendwise and a scimitar bendwise inverted fracted Or, two half-moon knives palewise inverted azure.

The submitter's documentation shows Abih as an Arabic name: Ziyad ibn Abih was the ruler of al-Basrah in the 7th Century.

The name and default posture for the half-moon knife was defined in the armory of Morgan the Tanner, June 89.

Janos der Kline. Alternate persona name for Edmund Blackwood.

Magnus Lodinsson. New name.

Rorik Kelleward. Change from holding name of Rorik of Starhaven.

Russell de Crauforde. Device. Argent, a fess wavy between a tree couped and a tree couped and inverted gules, a bordure sable.

Todd of Golden Keype. Device change. Chevronelly Or and gules, a thistle and on a bordure sable three crosses crosslet fitchy argent.

His previous device (Sable, a pale chevronelly Or and gules between a thistle and a cross crosslet fitchy argent) becomes a badge.

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for the Order of the Arc d'Or.

This is the Kingdom award for archers. The name was submitted as Arque d'Or, and was intended to mean "Golden Bow". But the word for "bow" is arc, in both modern and medieval French; we have corrected the spelling. Note that, though now correctly spelled, it means "Bow made of Gold" (i.e. the metal); the correct French idiom for "Golden Bow" (the coloration) would be Arc Doré.

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for the Order of the Fletcher.

This is the Kingdom award for their younger members.


Michael the Dark. Device. Sable, a bend sinister argent charged with another gules, on a chief Or a demi-sun gules.

This was pended from the LoAR of May 92 to allow for further commentary.



Briallen o Llanrwst. Name.

Briallen is the Welsh for "primrose", and does not seem to have been a given name in period; nor does it belong to a class of common nouns that were regularly used as names in period Welsh. The submitter needs a given name.

When she resubmits, she should know that Welsh placenames didn't usually use a preposition; when they did, they were often mutated. In this case, she could be X Llanrwst or X o Lanrwst, but not o Llanrwst.

Elena Bentivogli. Device. Vert, on a heart argent, a lotus blossom in profile azure slipped and leaved vert.

This conflicts with Anna Gertrude Leonhardt (SCA): Azure, on a heart argent a lion rampant azure. There's a CD for the field; but by Rule X.4.j, the change of type alone of the tertiary charge is not enough for a second CD. The heart is not considered a "simple geometric charge" within the meaning of X.4.j.ii; and as the slipping and leaving of a flower is generally considered artistic license, its tincture doesn't contribute to difference.

Griffin ap Bedwyr. Device resubmission. Erminois, a griffin segreant gules, and a chief indented of one sable.

A "chief indented singly" is not, to the best of our knowledge, a period charge. Nor could we, in good conscience, reblazon this "Per chevron sable and erminois": not only does it not seem to be the submitter's intent, the point is too high and shallow to be a real Per-chevron division. This is being returned for redrawing.

Should he resubmit this as a correctly drawn Per-chevron, with the griffin in base, it would be clear of such armories as Conway (Or, a griffin segreant gules), with a CD for the field and a CD for the non-forced move to base. It would still have to be checked against other possible conflicts, of course.

Ian Cnulle. Badge. Argent, a pair of blanking shears surmounted by a hammer reversed fesswise between three roundels sable, each charged with a cross couped between four roundels argent.

Technically, the use of mulitple charges on the roundels violates the ban on inescutcheons of pretense (Rule XI.4). Additionally, this is visually rather complex, despite having only two tinctures and four charge types.

You might inform the submitter that, in period, coins could be depicted in one of several ways. Plain bezants originally represented Byzantine gold pieces; bezants charged with crosses couped were a more exact representation, used in the arms of the Latin Kingdom of Constantinople c.1275. (Brault's Early Blazon, p.160) Finally, there's an example in late-period English armory of penny-yard pence proper (in the canting arms of Spence); these had cruciform designs stamped on them, without being explicitly blazoned. The pattern on the pence is considered detailing, of no more heraldic import than diapering. The submitter might consider any of these alternatives.

Moreach nic Mhaolain. Device. Quarterly sable and Or, a lion rampant guardant counterchanged brandishing a sword argent.

This conflicts with the arms of Bing (Papworth 93): Quarterly sable and Or, in the first quarter a lion rampant guardant of the second. There's a CD for the placement of the lion, from center to dexter chief; but the change of tincture is required by the change of placement, and so cannot be counted as the second necessary CD. (A lion quarterly Or and sable could not be entirely on the sable portion of the field; if the lion is moved there, its tincture must change.)

Or, alternatively, there's a CD for the tincture of the lion, from quarterly Or and sable to Or; but as a solid Or lion could not be centered on the field, the change of placement is required by the change of tincture. Either the tincture or the placement may be counted as a difference; but not both, since to change one requires us to change the other.

I confess not being satisfied with this return, but could find no way around it as the Rules now stand. She might consider changing the field.

Sean O'Connor. Name.

This conflicts with John O'Connor, Archbishop of the Diocese of New York, who has gained national attention with his anti-abortion opinions. He is listed in general referernces (Encyclopedia Americana, 1992 ed., vol.20, p.628), so he's important enough to protect. (See also the LoAR of Nov 88, where another submission was returned for the same conflict.)

Suleyman Khayam. Badge. (fieldless) An anchor sable surmounted by two kris knives inverted in saltire argent hilted sable.

The anchor was depicted as a folding-stock fisherman's anchor, a modern type. He should consider using a period depiction of an anchor (such as found in Neubecker, p.15).

Tristan Blackmoor of Darkwoods. Name for House Shadowglade.

The household name does not appear to follow period exemplars. For one thing, it's nonsense: by definition, a glade is a sunny area. For another thing, we've no period documentation of shadow- used as a theme in English placenames. While I might have stretched that point for an otherwise-acceptable construction, I can't see period houses using such an oxymoron as this. Without further evidence, this must be returned.


Angela Sara María Díaz de Valdés. Badge resubmission. (fieldless) A finger ring Or set with an emerald vert, overall a galleon sable, sails gules.

Her previous submission, with six emeralds set around the ring's circumference, was returned Oct 91 for a non-period charge. In this resubmission, she has used a period form of gemmed-ring -- but has now drawn the galleon so large as to completely obscure it, rendering it once again unidentifiable. She might consider having the ship entirely within the ring, conjoined to its inner edge.

Caolaidhe mac Ceaird. Device. Pean, on a chief Or two "Norse serpents" respectant, conjoined at the tail gules.

The charges on the chief are not Norse serpents, which by definition are nowed (and usually have head lappets and forelegs). We spent some time trying to devise an accurate reblazon, without success: snake's heads conjoined they are not, for they have crests; dragon's heads conjoined they are not, for there is a solid bar between them; double-headed drakkar it is not, for there's no sail, shields or oars. Eventually, I decided that a charge requiring so much effort to blazon is probably not a reasonable charge. This is being returned for either documentation or redrawing.

Diana Delarosa di Pergola. Name.

The documentation for Delarosa was from Elsdon Smith's New Dictionary of American Family Names, a most untrustworthy source. Delarosa appears to be the Americanized form of the surname; the original Italian would be Della Rosa. The preposition was almost universally separated from the rest of the byname, according to Fucilla. The submitter forbade any grammatical corrections to her name.

Erc Mortagh the Pict. Device. Per pale argent and azure, a spear and sword in saltire surmounted by an elk-horned mask per pale azure and argent.

The device has several problems. First, the use of three charges in a single group (colloquially known as "slot-machine heraldry") is prohibited by Rule VIII.1.a. Second, the spear and sword are obscured to the point of unidentifiability. Third, adding horns to inanimate objects doesn't appear to have been a period treatment; certainly, we would like to see some evidence of what is, at first glance, a highly improbable usage. And the reason for its improbability -- the fact that the elk-horned mask cannot be identified as such -- is a fourth problem, and probably the worst. Any of these problems is grounds for return.

Henry of Three Needles. Device. Per pale vairy Or and gules, and sable, a bear sejant erect guardant, collared and chained argent, muzzled sable.

This conflicts with Lachlan Bradoc (SCA), Per pale gules and vert, a bear rampant guardant argent; and with Mylles (Papworth 57), Sable, a bear erect argent, chained and muzzled Or. In each case, there's a CD for the field, but none for the posture of the bear; the collar, chain and muzzle are artistic details.

Jame the Heyree Harry's son. Device. Azure, in fess three recorders Or.

This conflicts with the arms of John de Dounton (Papworth 1032): Azure, two pipes Or. While most branches of the Dounton/Dointon family used either organ pipes or straight trumpets in their armory, this device appears to use hautboys (Foster's Dictionary of Heraldry, p.71). I count no difference between hautboys and recorders; there is a single CD, for number.

Jochi, Guardian of the Night. Name and device. Azure, a chevron between an owl's head couped between two mullets of four points and a pair of double-bladed axes in saltire argent.

The epithet follows no period naming practice of which we are aware; on the surface, it seems so patently fantasy-oriented as to be unacceptable. At the very least, we need some evidence that Mongols styled themselves in this manner.

The device has several conflicts, of which Allenson (Papworth 373), Azure, a chevron argent, is typical. There is a single CD, for the addition of the secondary group. Having three types of charge in the secondary group is also reason for return, being forbidden under Rule VIII.1.a.

Knutr Stormrkartr. Name.

The byname is incorrectly formed: in combination, stormr loses its final R. Even were it correctly formed, it wouldn't mean what the submitter claims: stormkartr means "storm cart", not "storm bringer". Finally, even if the name meant "storm bringer", it would be a claim to superhuman powers, forbidden under Rule VI.2. Lord Dragon has suggested Hreggnasi "tempest nose", for one who could smell a storm coming; perhaps the submitter would consider that.

Magdalena Aeleis MacLellan. Device. Argent, two thistles proper and a pomegranate gules, slipped and leaved vert, seeded Or, a bordure sable.

The pomegranate was blazoned "proper" in the LOI, but a pomegranate proper (as seen in the arms of the Kingdom of Grenada) is vert, seeded gules. Had it in fact been proper, this would be returned for overuse of proper charges. As it is, there are six tinctures and three types of charge, which exceeds our standards of complexity as found in Rule VIII.1.a.

I would grant a CD between a thistle and a pomegranate. This obviates any difficulties that would arise from using not-quite-identical charges; it also brings this clear of conflict from Donodei (Woodword), Argent, three thistles proper.

Melisend de Chartres. Device. Purpure, a bend indented between a quill pen bendwise and a clarion argent.

The bend is not drawn in a period style: the indents are far too small, and the bend too narrow, to be identified from any distance.

Mikhail the Varangian. Device resubmission. Argent, a bend disjoint gules between a Russian Orthodox cross botonny sable and a boot reversed gules, a bordure embattled sable.

The bend was submitted as rompu, which it is not: in the submission of Connor MacNicol (LoAR of June 89), a bend of this type was blazoned disjoint, following the example in the glossary section of Rietstap. At that time, the bend disjoint was ruled similar to the bend bevilled, and equally "Society-compatible"; however, it was also ruled unorthodox, and acceptable only in simple designs. (Connor's submission was returned for fimbriating the bends disjoint, which added "an unacceptable degree of confusion to the visual effect, which seriously reduce[d] the overall identifiability of the unusual bend." The same argument applies here: though Mikhail's submission has a technical "complexity count" of seven, the unorthodox bend combined with three other types of charge and a complex line of division is enough to render this unacceptable.

The submitter has had a hard time of it. His first submission (Argent, a bend gules between a Russian Orthodox cross sable and a boot reversed gules) was returned for conflict. His resubmission (adding a plain bordure sable) was returned for a different conflict. Making the bend and bordure complex has removed the conflicts, but has rendered the device non-period in style. Through it all, the cross and boot have remained unchanged. If these elements of the design are most important to the submitter, perhaps he might concentrate on using those -- without a bend or bordure. Such a redesign could greatly improve his chances of registration.

Odinel Reidleck. Device. Quarterly gules and sable, a dragon passant contourny argent.

This conflicts with the device of Arria Maior (SCA): Lozengy sable and Or, a dragon passant to sinister argent. There is a single CD, for the field.

Radulfr Arnason. Device. Per bend sinister bevilled Or and sable, a mullet of ten points sable and an decrescent argent.

See the cover letter for a full discussion of Party bevilled. Neither the period discussions of Per bend bevilled nor an extrapolation from a bend bevilled would support the emblazon shown here; nor can it be accurately blazoned without resorting to barbarisms such as Per bend sinister bevilled fesswise. I'd be willing to accept Per bend (sinister) bevilled, as being one logical step from period evidence -- if drawn in a correct manner, with the middle "zag" palewise. The form shown here is two steps removed from the evidence, which is correspondingly harder to swallow. Given evidence that such bevilled fields were never used with charges, the whole becomes unacceptable.

Rolan O'Cellaigh the Gentle. Name.

The submitter's own documentation gives Rolan as a surname; the closest given name is Rodhlann (or, in modern Irish, Rólann). The double-N changes the sound of the last vowel; it is not a trivial spelling variant. Likewise, the submitter's documentation gives the surname as Ó Ceallaigh, not O'Cellaigh; the construction O'[name], with an apostrophe, is used with anglicized forms. We would like to see some evidence that these variant forms are correct. As the submitter permitted no changes, the name had to be returned.

Rowena MacLeod. Name.

Exact conflict with Rowena MacLeod, registered Feb 84. (They are different submitters.)


Landric Dægmær. Device. Per pale embattled purpure and sable, a pegasus rampant argent, winged Or, and a sword, blade enflamed, proper.

Purpure and sable are the darkest of heraldic colors, and there's insufficient contrast between them to permit idenitification of the embattled line. Rule VIII.3 requires all elements of the design -- including complex lines of division, if any -- to be identifiable. The Rule goes on to give examples of cases that wouldn't be identifiable: "For instance, a complex line of partition could be difficult to recognize between two parts of the field that do not have good contrast if most of the line is also covered by charges." Those examples are just that: examples, not an exhaustive list. It is quite possible for a complex line of partition to be unidentifiable, even if not covered by charges; that is the case here.

Lady Triton asks that, if this submission is returned, we change our Rules and explicitly state what will and will not be acceptable. Short of defining a set of "sufficient-contrast" combinations of dark tinctures, such as was done in the 1986 Rules, I don't see how to do this; nor am I convinced of its necessity. As written, Rule VIII.3 is general enough to cover all cases, but gives enough specific examples to be useful. We could insert a new example into the subtext, based on this submission, but I don't think that's what Lady Triton had in mind.

An objective test for identifiability can be found by researching period armory. There are some cases of divided fields using all-colors, with no separating ordinary; sable/gules, azure/gules, and vert/gules were far and away the most common combinations. There are many cases of divided fields (color/metal) with complex lines of partition; indented and wavy were the most common, though there are examples of nearly all our permitted lines. A cursory search found a handful of period cases with a divided field, using two colors and a complex line of partition: e.g. the arms of Hugh de Neville, c.1245, Quarterly indented gules and vert, a bend Or; and of West, c.1470, Quarterly indented azure and gules, a bend argent. I found neither an example of an embattled division of any two colors, nor any field party of sable and purpure. Admittedly, my search was brief, but I suspect a longer search would still yield no period examples. If Party embattled purpure and sable was not used in period, it would be for the same lack of identifiability as with this submission.

My best advice is simply: use a color combination found in a period example. Replacing Purpure with Gules in this submission would probably be acceptable. Beyond that, neither I nor the College can say which color combinations will have sufficient identifiability, until we see them; that, after all, is the ultimate test of identifiabilty.

Marinus, Barony of. Badge. Argent, a lily pad vert charged with a water lily blossom argent.

The lily is shown here in trian aspect, which has been disallowed for many years now. They should redraw it either in profile or affronty.

Stanwulf the Stern. Device. Gules, an owl affronty argent.

This conflicts with the devices of Steffan ap Cenydd of Silverwing (SCA), Azure chapé ployé invected, an owl close affronty argent, and of James MacChluarain (SCA), Sable, an owl argent; as well as the badge of Adelicia Gilwell (SCA), Gules, an owl Or. In the first case, there is a CD for the field, but certainly not for posture of the owl. In the second and third cases, there is likewise a CD for tincture (of the field or the owl); but the owl's posture has slightly changed, from statant close guardant to statant close affronty (which is guardant by definition). The "blobbiness" of the owl's body, and the fact that the owl is guardant in all cases, leads me to conclude that there is no visual difference for turning the owl's body affronty.

Zillah de Barcelona. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a mullet inverted between three roundels in chief one and two counterchanged, a chief indented purpure.

The indentations on the chief are too small to be identified at any distance. Medieval indented lines were drawn with big, bold points. The non-standard placement of the roundels was also cause for concern; there seemed no simple way to blazon them with complete accuracy, which suggests a non-period design. You might urge the client to consider a more standard placement of the roundels, when she resubmits.


Aaron Clearwater. Device. Or, a winged talbot passant vert, in chief two dragon's tongues addorsed gules, a ford proper.

The one registration of a "dragon's tongue" in the SCA, back in 1973, does not make it an identifiable charge. Nor does it seem in keeping with period armory: tongues were not used as charges, so far as I know.

Several commenters suggested that these be reblazoned "dragon's tails". Conceptually, this would be much more acceptable: lion's tails and fox's tails were used as period charges, and I'd have no problem with correctly drawn dragon's tails. But the feature that marks these charges as dragon's tails are the barbs at the ends -- which were not found on period dragons. (See the dragons and wyverns in Dennys' Heraldic Imagination, pp.190-191 and the plate opposite p.177; or the Oxford Guide to Heraldry, pp.102, 109, and plate 16.) I might consider tail's barbs to be artistic license, when the tail is part of a full dragon; but I cannot accept a charge whose identifying feature is a post-period artistic detail.

Either as dragon's tongues or dragon's tails, the charges here may not be registered. Dragon's tails drawn in a period style should be acceptable. You might also try to persuade him to simplify the design as well.

Egill von Stahl. Household name for Egil's Nest.

This conflicts with Eagle's Nest, a place among the Killarney Lakes in County Kerry, Ireland. It is cited in a general reference (New Century Cyclopedia of Names, vol.I, p.1379), so it's important enough to protect.

Etienne Michel de Calais. Household name and badge for House of the Tarnished Pheon. (fieldless) A pheon vert.

The name conflicts with the East Kingdom's Order of the Pheon: the designator is transparent, and the addition of the adjective insufficient per Rule V.2. The badge conflicts with the English Royal badge: A broadarrow. The Royal badge is genuinely tinctureless, so there's a CD for fieldlessness; but per X.4.d, the second necessary CD must come from a category that does not involve tincture. Pheon vs. broadarrow is an artistic distinction, not an heraldic difference.

Gwyneth Llywelyn Dywyll. Device. Purpure, an open scroll, in chief four quill pens bendwise sinister argent.

This conflicts with Jacqueline Griselda Vittore, registered Jan 92: Purpure, an open scroll between four quill pens in annulo argent. There is a single CD, for the placement of the quill pens.

Johannes of Amstelveen. Device. Quarterly per fess rayonny azure and Or, in the first quarter three bees and in the fourth quarter a dolphin Or.

This runs afoul of Rule XI.3, which forbids the appearance of marshalled armory. The use of multiple charges in the first quarter, and of a different type of charge in the fourth quarter, gives a strong impression of independent coats in those quarters. The use of the complex line of partition does not entirely dispel that impression.

Lyondemere, Barony of. Badge. (fieldless) On an elephant statant to sinister argent a banner barry wavy vert and argent, charged with a lion's paw escallop Or.

There are two problems here. The first is contrast: the banner, equally argent and vert, has insufficient contrast on the argent elephant. From a distance, the result is a set of disembodied green streaks, not a banner. The second is complexity: the escallop is a quaternary charge, disallowed per Rule VIII.1.c.ii. While we might waive that Rule for special cases, such as augmentations, that does not apply here.

Michael of the Two Peaks. Device. Sable, in chief two double-bitted axes in saltire argent, and in base two dragons' heads couped respectant Or.

Conflicts with the arms of Bellingford (Papworth 11): Sable, two battle-axes in saltire argent. The axes have roughly the same visual weight as the dragon's heads, so this is a single group of primary charges; there is a CD for adding the dragon's heads, but no more.

(Please note that the dragon's heads were blazoned in the LOI as argent; thus, there may be other conflicts that weren't caught by the commenters.)

When he resubmits, please have the submitter draw his dragon's heads in a more period style; as drawn, these are more reminiscent of creatures from Aliens.

Mikhail Vojaka Kazimirov. Badge. (fieldless) An angel passant proper, wings displayed argent, vested gules, wearing a breastplate Or, maintaining a sword enflamed proper.

This conflicts with the badge of the Order of St. Michael, founded 1469: The Archangel Michael passant, wings displayed inverted, brandishing a sword. The Statutes establishing the Order define the badge as "a pendant image of St. Michael in gold, and this is to be hung around the neck" on a collar of gold escallops. The actual medallion is of bas-relief gold --essentially tinctureless. There's another form of the badge, the "lesser Michael", an enamel image worn on a plain gold chain or silken lace: this shows Michael in the same pose, but tinctured proper. Either way, there's a CD for fieldlessness, but no more. (There's some leeway in depicting the Archangel: some versions of the Order badge show his wings displayed, others displayed inverted; some show him turned to sinister; some show him vanquishing Satan or a dragon; one shows him with scales of justice in his other hand. He is most often shown as blazoned above, however, and this is definitely a conflict. All of the above is from Onori e Glorie: Sovrano Militare Ordine by Antonio Spada, Grafo edizioni, 1980.)

Porsche Audi. Name.

There are three problems with the name, each sufficient for return. First, Porsche appears to be a surname, not a given name. If I may trust my flawed German, the citation in Bahlow's Deutsches Namenlexicon defines Borsche/Porsche as "derived from a pet form (Koseform) of the Slavic Borislaw." It's derived from a given name, not necessarily a given name itself; and this is supported by Bahlow's examples (pp.70, 390), which show only surname usage. The submitter needs a given name.

Second, this infringes on the Porsche-Audi division of Volkswagen of America, a registered corporation. Laurel took the most direct method of discovering this: he visited a local Porsche-Audi dealership. The conjunction of the names is distinctive and famous enough to warrant protection.

Which leads us to the third problem, intrusive modernity. Arguably, both the above problems could be solved by substituting Portia for Porsche, but the problem of modernity would remain. Lord Crescent is correct when he states that there is no Rule explicitly banning intrusively modern names. Nonetheless, intrusive modernity is given as a reason for armorial return (VIII.4.b); it is given as a reason for not accepting mundane names, even under the Mundane Name Allowance (II.4); we may reasonably infer that intrusive modernity is unacceptable.

If a specific Rule must be cited, Rule I.1 requires all names to be "compatible with the period and domain of the Society"; moreover, even names formed from period elements can be returned if "they have been specifically declared incompatible by these rules, Laurel precedent, or a policy statement from the Board of Directors." Intrusive modernity has been declared sufficient reason for return in the past: Joe Westermark, the Artemisian Tank Corps, Rolling Thunder, and the Societas Historum Mortum have all been returned for modernity. The precedent is well-established, and therefore, by I.1 may be cited as reason for return.

The fact that this is a "joke name" is not, in and of itself, a problem. The College has registered a number of names, perfectly period in formation, that embodied humor: Drew Steele, Miles Long, and John of Somme Whyre spring to mind as examples. They may elicit chuckles (or groans) from the listener, but no more. Intrusively modern names grab the listener by the scruff of the neck and haul him, will he or nill he, back into the 20th Century. A name that, by its very presence, destroys any medieval ambience is not a name we should register.

For now, the submitter's armory has been registered under a holding name. We can only hope that, with time, she will tire of the humor and choose a name that's medieval in feel, as in construction.

Reannag Fhara, College of. Badge. (fieldless) A demi-eagle argent issuing from a compass star Or.

As noted in the LOI, this is actually a stylized phoenix. It therefore conflicts with the Mon of Seki (Hawley 50): Dark, a phoenix light. Even under our new policy on Mon, there is only one CD, for tincturelessness.

Sophia Fearadaigh. Name.

The submitter's documentation shows Ó Fearadaigh, with the patronymic particle. That particle mutates the following name; the unmutated form would be Feradach or Fearadhach. She could use Sophia Fearadhach, or the patronymic form Sophia ní Fhearadhaigh; but it's incorrect grammar to use the genitive of the given name alone, without the particle that casts it into the genitive. As she permitted no changes to her name, this must be returned.

Sophia Fearadaigh. Alternate persona name for Sophia Sans Peur.

Without a primary name, we cannot register this alternate persona name. I don't believe holding names can be formed for anything but armory.

Theodric Alastair Wulfricson. Device. Sable, a pall Or between an increscent and two pairs of swords in saltire argent.

This conflicts with the badge of Bertrand de Flammepoing (SCA): Sable, a pall Or fimbriated of flame proper. There's a CD for the secondary charges, but the complex fimbriation of the pall is worth no difference.

Timoteo Hilario e Fraga. Badge. Potent, a dragon passant regardant vert.

This conflicts with the arms of O'Neylan (Papworth 984): Gules, a dragon statant vert. There's a CD for the field, but not for the posture. Also with Burchenshaw (ibid): Argent, a wivern holding up the dexter foot vert. Again, a CD for the field, but nothing for posture, and nothing for dragon vs. wyvern.

Yvon Bater of Darkwood. Device change. Per chevron purpure and gules, in pale a rainbow proper emitting lightning flashes and a tower, a bordure embattled argent.

Lord Crescent's assertion notwithstanding, there are indeed lightning flashes in this submission. The fact that they are worth no heraldic difference does not mean they aren't there. Modern comic-book lightning flashes (so-called "shazams") have been disallowed for a decade.

The device is also excessively complex, with four types of charge and five tinctures. (The rainbow's tinctures are counted individually; it could have been solidly tinctured, after all. If that means rainbows proper can only be used in very simple designs, so be it.) We suggest an extensive redesign.


Dagmar Torsdottir. Badge for House Fierce. Sable, three bendlets enhanced within a bordure Or.

This conflicts with the arms of Duhurst (Papworth 286): Sable, two bendlets within a bordure Or. There is a CD for adding the third bendlet in chief.

Galen MacDonald. Device resubmission. Gyronny azure and argent, an orle counterchanged.

This conflicts with the arms of Bryanson (Papworth 899): Gyronny of eight azure and argent. The orle, as a peripheral ordinary, is by definition not a primary charge; Rule X.1 cannot be invoked here. There's a single CD for adding the orle.

Kaolin Karsikko. Name and device. Argent, three chevronels braced vert, in chief a unicorn passant vert ermined Or.

The given name was submitted on the strength of a citation in Geirr Bassi's Old Norse Name. This was an error, probably due to multiple photocopying: the actual name is Kaðlin, with an edh. (It appears to be the Old Norse form of the Irish Kathlín.) Kaolin turns out to be a common noun, a form of white clay used in making porcelain; as such, it's unacceptable as a given name in the SCA.

I didn't feel comfortable substituting Kadhlin (Kaðlin), the name documented in Geirr Bassi: the submitter's mundane given name is K'Lynn, and presumably she wants a similar-sounding SCA given name. There are Irish names that are close in sound -- e.g. the feminine given name Cáelainn (Ó Corrain & Maguire, p.41) -- but we're leery of combining an Irish given name with a Finnish surname without some evidence of regular period contact between those two cultures. The submitter needs to decide what she wants to do. When she resubmits, she should include evidence that Karsikko is also a period name element.

The full-sized emblazon showed a unicorn, not a unicornate horse, so there should be no stylistic problems with the device when she resubmits.

Tyrkir von Bremen. Device. Per bend sinister bevilled argent and sable, three wolves' teeth issuant from dexter gules and in sinister base a furison inverted bendwise sinister argent.

See the cover letter for a full discussion of Party bevilled. Neither the period discussions of Per bend bevilled nor an extrapolation from a bend bevilled would support the emblazon shown here; nor can it be accurately blazoned without resorting to barbarisms such as Per bend sinister bevilled fesswise. I'd be willing to accept Per bend (sinister) bevilled, as being one logical step from period evidence -- if drawn in a correct manner, with the middle "zag" palewise. The form shown here is two steps removed from the evidence, which is correspondingly harder to swallow. Given evidence that such bevilled fields were never used with charges, the whole becomes unacceptable.


Astrid Radulfsdottir. Household name for House von Neunkirchen.

This conflicts with the city of Neunkirchen, in the Saar region between France and Germany. By our standards, the city is important enough to protect: it's a center for the European iron industry, and appears in at least two general references (New Century Cyclopedia of Names, vol.III, p.2919; 1911 Encyclopedia Brittanica, vol.XIX, p.426). The fact that it is a "generically formed name" does not detract from its importance: Iceland is a generically formed name, too. Nor does the fact that several other towns share the same name reduce the importance of this one. Neunkirchen meets the criteria for protection under the Administrative Guidelines; this must therefore be returned.

Cearnach of Stonemarche. Device. Gules, on a demi-sun issuant from base Or a turtle vert.

This conflicts with the badge of the Oregon National Guard (Military Ordinary #98): Gules, the setting sun issuant of twelve rays throughout Or, thereupon a beaver sejant erect proper. There is a CD, for the changes to the tertiary on the demi-sun. (Note that, while the badge has a specified shape for its display surface -- a demi-roundel -- that isn't part of the badge, any more than the inescutcheon-shaped display surface is part of the arms of England.)

Ingfridh Magnidottir. Name.

Magni is indeed the genitive form of Magnus -- in Latin. The correct form of the name would be either Magnadottir (if her father is Magni) or Magnúsdottir (if her father is Magnus). She has forbidden any corrections to her name.

Marian Loresinger. Device. Sable, a pall Or between an hourglass and two goblets argent.

This conflicts with the badge of Bertrand de Flammepoing (SCA): Sable, a pall Or fimbriated of flame proper. There's a CD for the secondary charges, but the fimbriation is worth no difference.

Olaf Eriksson Örnklo. Device. Or, an eagle's jamb erased sable, a chief urdy azure.

This conflicts with the arms of Holleufer (Rietstap): Or, an eagle's leg couped à la quisse sable. There's a CD for the chief, but no more.

Sabina Portinari. Device. Argent, on a pale gules between four roses barbed and seeded proper, a sword argent.

This conflicts with the Rossal School (Public Heraldry): Argent, on a pale between four roses gules, a mitre Or between two open books proper. There's a single CD, for the changes to the tertiary charges.

Trygge fråm Holmgård. Device. Per bend sable and argent, a longship counterchanged, a bordure rayonny gules.

As drawn, the rayonny line is impossible to distinguish from any distance. Period heraldic art normally rendered complex lines boldly. This needs to be redrawn so it can be identified, per Rule VIII.3.

Zacharia of Westlake. Device. Vert, a wall between in chief two crossbows and in base two swords in saltire argent.

A wall is defined to be a fess embattled and masoned; and as with all charges of stonework, the masoning is an artistic detail worth no difference. Siebmacher gives several examples of related families using either a fess embattled or a wall, where the only difference was masoned diapering. We might grant the addition of masoning as worth a CD, for any charge except a stonework edifice. This therefore conflicts with the device of Jamie MacLeod (SCA): Vert, a fess embattled between three cups argent. There is only a single CD, for the changes to the secondaries.


Elwin Dearborn. Device resubmission. Per chevron inverted argent and azure, three piles in point sable, the center pile charged with a decrescent argent.

As was pointed out in his previous return, piles are properly drawn throughout, or nearly so; they would not come to a point at the point of the field division, as here. If he drew this with the piles crossing the line of division, it would be acceptable; or he might try Argent chaussé azure, three piles in point sable, etc., (assuming no conflicts).

William of Lee. Change from holding name of William of Grey Niche.

The name still conflicts with William Lee, the inventor of the knitting machine, with whom it conflicted when first he submitted in Aug 89. The addition of the preposition of is worth no difference here.


Deryk von Halberstadt. Device. Sable, a cubit arm fesswise reversed gauntleted grasping a garden rose slipped and leaved argent within a bordure Or.

This conflicts with the device of Gerald Loosehelm, registered Feb 92: Sable, a sinister arm fesswise reversed embowed proper armored Or grasping three tulips Or slipped vert, all within a bordure Or. There's a CD for the tincture of the arm, but after comparing the emblazons, we really couldn't grant a difference between an armored cubit arm and an armored arm.

Griffith Dragonlake. Badge. Barry wavy azure and argent, a sword inverted, the quillons interlaced with an annulet Or.

Though blazoned as above, the charge was visually equivalent to a swept-hilted rapier. We treated the annulet as a "held" charge in considering conflict; and it therefore conflicts with Michael of Monmouthshire (SCA): Per pale azure and gules, a sword inverted palewise throughout Or. Excepting ordinaries, there is no difference for drawing a charge throughout, or not.

Iarngard Ragnarson. Household name for House Catmask; to be held jointly with Arnthora Eyulfsdottir.

Catmask doesn't seem to be a period term; the closest phrase in the OED, cat-face, dates to the 19th Century. Even as a constructed noun, it doesn't seem a plausible house name; it might conceivably be an inn name, but only if it were a period noun. We need further evidence before we can accept this as a household name.

Richard Ó Gríobhtha. Device. Per pale vert and Or, a sword inverted, the quillons interlaced with an annulet, and a griffin segreant counterchanged, in chief three fountains.

By our rule of thumb on complexity, this is right on the edge, with four types of charge and four tinctures. Combined with its lack of cohesion, this becomes unacceptable style.


Catherine Elizabeth Anne Somerton. Device. Per fess azure and vert, a pansy Or marked sable.

This conflicts with the Mon of Imabori (Hawley 37): Dark, an ivy blossom light. Comparing the emblazons showed no visible difference in the shapes of the two flowers; there is thus a single CD, for tincturelessness of the Mon.

It also conflicts with the arms of Cossington (Papworth 859): Azure, a rose Or. There's a CD for the field, but I cannot grant another CD for type of flower in this case. It's true that flowers of genus Viola have three large petals and two small ones; but in the case of the pansy, the size change is very hard to see. The petals' shape is the same for pansies as heraldic roses. Pansies don't seem to have been used as charges in period, so I must fall back on visual difference; and I must rule that pansies and roses are too close to yield a CD.

The same arguments bring this clear of Lisa of Toad Hall (SCA), Azure, a sunflower proper; and Ragna Dzintara of Amberhall (SCA), A rue flower Or, slipped and leaved vert.

Galen O'Loingsigh. Device. Per fess azure and vert, a sea-serpent ondoyant and a point pointed argent, in sinister chief a rivenstar Or.

The commentary was strongly in favor of disallowing the rivenstar (save only to the Barony of Rivenstar, to whom it would be grandfathered), as a non-period charge. Lord Pale suggested that the charge continue to be permitted, for the sake of residents of Rivenstar who wished to show their allegiance in their armory. This suggestion would carry more weight if some Rivenstarites had ever actually registered armory with rivenstars; but according to Lord Morsulus, except for the armory of the Barony there's only one SCA registration of a rivenstar. Consequently, we have no qualms about disallowing the charge, pending evidence that it's period, or at least formed in a period manner. This must therefore be returned; he might consider replacing the rivenstar with a sun or a mullet.

Ilse vom Rhein. Badge resubmission. Or, on a mullet of four points throughout azure a sea-lion naiant Or.

This conflicts with the badge of Astra Christiana Benedict (SCA): (fieldless) On a mullet a cross crosslet. This is a tinctureless badge, so there's one CD for fieldlessness; the second needed CD must come from some other category than tincture. Unfortunately, change of type only of tertiary charge is worth no difference, per Rule X.4.j; and we grant no difference between a mullet of four points and a mullet of five points.

The only way I might have called this clear was to redefine a mullet of four points as a type of cross; and if I could have found such a cross in period armory, I might have done so. But I saw no point in replacing an SCA variation of a period charge with another SCA variation of another period charge; and the thought of reblazoning all the four-pointed mullets in the A&O did nothing to soothe my weary brow.

Mistress Astra has been known to grant permission to conflict, if the submitter personally writes her; she can be reached through the Laurel office. You might pass that on to the submitter.

Lars Knarrarsmidr. Device resubmission. Gules, on a bend between a rooster displayed argent and a lion fesswise rampant, feet to chief Or, a spear gules.

Withdrawn by the submitter.

Ragnarr Hardraada. Device resubmission. Gules, a bend sinister bevilled Or, overall a raven volant sable.

Though blazoned on the LOI as "on" the bend, the raven is actually overall. Therefore, per Rule VIII.2.b.i, it must have good contrast with the field. This was pointed out in the gentle's previous return, on the LoAR of Dec 86.

If he intends to keep a bend sinister bevilled in his resubmission, please instruct him on its correct depiction. See the cover letter for more details on bends bevilled.

Roselynd Ælfricsdottir. New device. Sable, a garden rose slipped and leaved bendwise between two estoiles Or.

This conflicts with the arms of Schwartz (Rietstap): De sable à une rose d'or (Sable, a rose Or). There is a CD for adding the estoiles, but not for heraldic rose vs. garden rose; and we have hitherto granted no difference for slipping and leaving.

Anent the proposed conflict with Masser (Papworth 868), Sable, a cinquefoil Or, I agree there's no CDs between cinquefoil and (heraldic) rose; and no CDs between (heraldic) rose and garden rose; and no CDs between garden rose and garden rose slipped and leaved. But as Lord Crux Australis notes, conflict isn't necessarily a transitive operation; "A conflicts with B" and "B conflicts with C" doesn't guarantee that, by logical concatenation, "A must conflict with C". Thank Deity I don't have to decide the issue just now.....

Southkeep, Shire of. Badge resubmission for the Southkeep Brewers and Vinters Guild. (fieldless) On an amphora azure, a crux stellata argent.

Graciously withdrawn by the submitter.



An Tir, Kingdom of. Release of Heraldic Title of Summits Pursuivant.

Pended awaiting action on the next item.

Summits, Crown Principality of the. Name.

We have not received a petition from the populace, supporting this name. In conversation with Lady Aestel, she described the problems they'd had with the regional herald for the group; I am willing to treat this as a Hardship Case, and pend it to the November meeting to give her a chance to re-poll the populace.


Pelinore of Silverkeep. Device resubmission. Per chevron inverted counter-ermine and argent, a chevron raguly on the upper edge gules, in base a unicorn couchant reguardant sable.

The field was misblazoned in the LOI as "Per chevron inverted erminois...." This is pended until the November meeting to allow for commentary based on the correct blazon.


Maria Erika von Ossenheim. Device. Per bend sinister argent and sable, three roses in bend between two bendlets, all counterchanged, with a label azure for difference.

This was to be submitted along with an heraldic will from the submitter's mother; and the cadenced form shown here was to be registered for now. Unfortunately, the Laurel office has received neither a copy of the will nor a letter of permission; and, while the two may be combined in a single document, they are not the same. (Saying I can have your money after you die is not granting me the right to spend it while you're still alive.) Lord Brigantia has told me in conversation that he will forward copies of both documents; this is pended until the November meeting, to give him a chance to do so.