MAY 1995



Aurora Amorie. Device. Per pale argent and azure, a heart counterchanged overall a flamberge inverted gules hilted sable.

You might let her know that the identifiability of the flamberge would be improved by drawing it more robustly.

Callum Mac Fergus. Name and device. Per chevron Or and gules, a chevron sable between four roundels three and one counterchanged.

Versus Kevin of Aberwyvern (SCA), Per chevron Or and gules, a chevron sable between two fleurs-de-lys and a lion rampant guardant counterchanged, there are CDs for the change in type of all the secondaries and a second (per X.4.f.) for the change in number (4 versus 3) of the secondaries.

Chrystiana Saint Ebremond. Device. Per chevron inverted dovetailed sable mullety Or and gules, in chief a crescent and in base three equal-armed celtic crosses pommety Or.

Conrad Breakring of Ascalon. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Conrad Ringbreaker of Ascalon, the byname was formed in a manner which does not follow the examples (e.g., Brekedore `break door', cited in Jönsjö) for such names in period. We have modified the byname to correspond to the historical models.

Elisabeth of the Mists. Name and device. Argent goutty d'huille, a mascle knot purpure.

Gorandookht Mamigonian. Badge. [Fieldless] On a pomegranate gules a natural seahorse Or.

The seahorse is quite clear in the large emblazon, which easily brings this out of any possible visual conflict with Granada, Or, a pomegranate seeded gules slipped and leaved vert.

Heinrich von Salza. Name and device. Or, a portcullis gules with chains conjoined to a chief embattled sable.

Striking armory!

Iain MacDhugal Cameron of Ben Liath. Name change from Iain Dhugall Cameron only (see RETURNS for badge).

Marco Valentino. Badge. [Fieldless] A cross-crosslet fitchy purpure square pierced argent.

Michel le Renard. Name and device. Argent, on a bend gules cotised sable between two foxes masks gules three fleurs-de-lis argent.

You might let him know that the device would be improved by drawing the bend a little wider in comparison to the cotises.

Spakbjorn de Olnei. Name and device. Gules, two piles inverted Or each charged with a mullet sable.

Tess Ella of Silvershadow. Badge. [Fieldless] On a straight trumpet Or three mullets gules.

Tess Ella of Silvershadow. Badge. [Fieldless] On a straight trumpet gules three mullets Or.


Ælfgar Hæweneage. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Ælfgar Haewen Eagen, all of the period exemplars of similar names are compounded into a single word. Jönsjö has a number of compounds of the form <color>+<eye>, again always as a single word and always with "eye" in the singular. The submitted form is using the plural eagan, where the singular eage is better supported by the historical examples. The OE noun eage `eye' is neuter. The adjective will be in the indefinite declension here and in the nominative singular neuter, so it will receive no ending. The byname would then be hæweneage, which we have registered.

Alasdair MacEogan. Name.

Anna Stitcher. Name change from Anna Stitcher of Tynemouth.

Arlie Markeson. Name.

Bisons Run, Shire of. Name.

This would perhaps be better as Wisentrun, using the more common European word for the beast (given that the word bison was known in England only as a learned, Latin word until after our period of study).

Bjorn von Wolfratshausen. Name.

Caitlin nic Aindreis of Dumbarton. Name change from Caitlin ni Aindriu of Dumbarton.

Submitted as Caitlin nic Andrieu of Dumbarton, there is apparently some confusion about the difference between and nic. The article in Tournaments Illuminated notwithstanding, it isn't primarily the difference between Irish and Scottish (as the submitter believes). Ní X simply means "the daughter of a man named X" while nic X means "the daughter of a man surnamed Mac X"; though is primarily an Irish form, nic was used in both varieties of Gaelic.

Though listed as an appeal of a Laurel decision, this cannot be that, since the name registered by Laurel was exactly the form submitted on the LoI. It is, however, an appeal of a kingdom change of the form of name.

Since it is now beyond question that she wants a Scots Gaelic name, we have given her both the Nic and the more Scottish genitive of the patronym. (This actually requires an appeal to the lingua anglica allowance, since the locative would be expressed differently in Gaelic. Dumbarton is Dùn Breatann, and a fully Scots Gaelic form of the entire name would be Caitlín nin Aindreis Dùin Breatann.)

Gytha Yale ní Comhraidhe. Name change from Gytha ni Chomhraidhe.

Submitted as Gytha Yale O' Comhraidhe, Irish family names did not use identical forms of the patronym for all members. In period, the form of the patronym in Irish depended on the gender of the bearer. In other words, in Irish Ní Chomhraidhe is exactly the same surname as Ó Comhraidhe; it's just that women and men use that surname in slightly different forms (as, for example, in Russian). The fact that the client's mother has registered O' Comhraidhe does not help here, since the given names registered to her are masculine, making O' Comhraidhe the correct form of the patronym. (Appeal to other members of the extended family who have also registered O' Comhraidhe does not help here, since the grandfather clause applies only to immediate family members, as has been noted in several prior Laurel precedents.)

Though Yale (a anglicized Welsh topographical byname) is out of place in a Danish/Gaelic name, it is the submitter's legal name, and is being registered under the legal name clause of the Rules (II.4.).

Haldane Sparhawke. Name.

Isabell Jacqueline de Marseille. Name.

You might let her know that the name would be better with a French rather than English form of the given name: Isabelle or Isabele.

Katarina Petrovna Pomeshanova. Name.

This was registered in the LoAR of February 1995.

Lina Hen. Name and device. Per chevron ermine and gules, in base a wine amphora Or.

There was general agreement that there is a CD between a wine amphora and a goblet, cup, tankard, and ink flask, the only potential conflicts that could be found.

Madog Cochfarf. Name change from Madog Barfgoch.

Submitted as Madog Cochfarfog, the byname in this adjectival form (red-bearded) is not supported by any period examples. We have substituted the form (red-beard) recommended by Harpy.

Marke von Mainz. Badge. [Fieldless] A snow leopard rampant guardant contourny argent spotted sable.

Versus Christian du Glaive (SCA), Sable, a lion rampant to sinister, bearing in its forepaws a cross bottony, argent and Meridac Grimalkim (SCA), Per pale sable and argent, a grey alley cat rampant to sinister proper, there are CDs for fieldlessness and for the addition of the spots (effectively a semy, and worth the same CD as any addition of a tertiary charge or tertiary charge group).

Mikaela of Monmouthshire. Name.

She has written permission to conflict with the already-registered Mikael of Monmouthshire (her husband). As with armory, written permission to conflict with a registered name allows a lower standard of difference. A reasonable rule of thumb for names would be to require as much difference with a letter of permission to conflict as we require between mundane and SCA names. That standard has been set at roughly one syllable; by that rule of thumb the names here are sufficiently different to be registered.

Miriam of Bristol. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Morcar Darkfalcon. Device. Per chevron inverted sable and gules, a chevron inverted rayonny Or, overall a winged sword inverted argent.

Sarmasia Lakadaimoniote. Device. Barry wavy Or and azure, two swans naiant respectant and a lozenge argent.

Submitted on the LoI as Sarmasia of Lakadaimonmiote, the name was registered as above in the April 1992 LoAR.

Sarmasia Lakadaimoniote. Badge. [Fieldless] A zebra rampant contourny proper.

Submitted on the LoI as Sarmasia of Lakadaimonmiote, the name was registered as above in the April 1992 LoAR. Though several commenters recommended blazoning the charge here as argent, striped sable, it seems that this is a "widely understood default coloration" and is therefore permissible to blazon as proper. Versus Alail Horsefriend (SCA), Per chevron vert and pean, a horse rampant to sinister argent, crined Or, there are CDs for fieldlessness and for the addition of the stripes, which are easily equivalent to the addition of a tertiary charge, which is given a CD in the Rules for Submissions.

Siobhan nic Ghiolla Mhin. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Teleri ferch Pawl. Device. Argent, a fox courant contourny, on a chief purpure three oak leaves bendwise sinister argent.

Please ask her to draw the fox a bit larger in the future.

Wlfric Huffman. Name.

Submitted as Wlfric Hoffmann, Wlfric is strictly a Middle English spelling, and Hoffmann is strictly a German name. The name could be entirely German as Wolfrich Hofmann. Though the LoI stated that the submitter allowed no changes, in fact the forms have no preference boxes checked and also clearly note that "the College assumes that you will accept any changes necessary to register this name unless you specify otherwise." We have therefore made the smallest possible change to make the name entirely English.

Zan Andreas. Name change from Zan Andreas of the Blue Cave.


Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge change. [Fieldless] A sea urchin argent.

Their currently registered badge, [Fieldless] A sea urchin naiant argent, is released.

Barbara Giomaria di Roberto. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Barbara Giomarie di Roberto, the finial "e" in the middle name appears to be a misspelling of the form actually found in de Felice. We have substituted the documented form here.

Bran Trefonin. Household name for House Corvus.

Heinrich Kreiner. Name change from Heinrich von Kreiner.

Ia Anna Kazimova. Change from holding name Ia of Falcon Cree.

Submitted as Ia Anna Kazimov, the final element needs to agree in gender with the remainder of the name. We have so corrected it here.

Katherine d'Armagh. Device. Per bend sinister azure and argent, a roundel sable fimbriated argent and a hound salient contourny sable.

Versus Christian Blackwolf (SCA), Per bend sinister azure and argent, a Celtic cross argent and a wolf salient sable, there are Cds for changing the type of half the primary charge group (cross to roundel) and for reversing the orientation of half the charge group (salient to salient contourny), without even having to add in changing the tincture of half the charge group (argent [cross] to sable [roundel]).

Malcolm MacMalcolm. Badge. [Fieldless] On a crab Or a letter T sable.

Blazoned in the LoI as a hammer, the tertiary has no features which distinguish it as anything but the letter of the alphabet.

Peter Engelke. Device. Gules, on a cross moline quadrate argent between four annulets Or a raven close sable.

Please ask him to draw the arms of the cross and the annulets more robustly.

Tadhg mac Áedáin Uí Chonchobhair. Badge. [Fieldless] On a jack reversed sable a harp between three compass stars one and two Or.

Please ask him to draw the compass stars larger.

Willem of Bruges. Device. Azure, an amphisbæna and on a chief argent three scorpions gules.


Angharad ferch Maredudd. Name.

Angus MacPherson. Device. Per bend sable and gules, a Celtic cross between in chief two hearts argent.

Clota Nic Ghabhann. Name and device. Argent, a pale offset vert between in bend sinister two thistles bendwise proper.

Submitted as Clota Dubh Easa nicGabhann, there are several problems with the name. One is that Irish appears never to have used double given names; in all the apparent examples of such, the "second" given has been shown to be an epithetical byname of some sort. As the submitter allowed the dropping of the second given "if there's a problem with 2 given names", we have done so here. The use of the patronymic particle causes aspiration in the patronym; we have corrected it. (If it's important to her, you might let her know that the feminine equivalent of Ó Gabhann is Ní Ghabann; Nic Ghabhann is `daughter of Mac Gabhann'.)

Donwenna Beast Healer of Hawksheye. Device change. Pale argent and gules, a horse passant contourny Or, caparisoned sable mullety argent, on a chief Or a tilting lance reversed sable.

Her currently registered device, Sable, a chevron inverted ermine between in chief three mullets, two and one, and in base a decrescent argent, is retained as a badge.

Eilidh Swann Strathlachlan. Device. Quarterly sable and Or, a swan rousant wings displayed counterchanged.

Eoghan Ó Gabhann. Name and device. Argent, a pair of stag's attires and a chief dovetailed azure.

Submitted as Eoghan ÓGabhann, the patronymic should be written as two words.

Etienne of Burgundy. Name.

You might let him know that the name would be improved as the entirely French E(s)tienne de Burgoigne and even better as an earlier Estienne le Bergoing (the Burgundian).

Nicholas of Southron Gaard. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale argent and gules, three boars rampant reguardant counterchanged.

Submitted as Sigurd Hardtrader.

Uilliam an Tarbh Baile na hAbhann. Name and device. Per bend gules and azure, a bull passant contourny within a bordure embattled argent.

Submitted as Uilliam an Tarbh a Ballynahone, "a" as an article (the) was entirely out of place in the locative, which itself was a phonetic English respelling of the Irish place. We have therefore dropped the article and substituted the Irish placename in this otherwise entirely Irish name. (The submitter had gotten Ballynahone from Coghlan, Grehans and Joyce's The Book of Irish Names, which is not a very good source, mixing as it does fully Gaelic and Anglicized forms, most without dates, "willy nilly" [uillie nillie? ].)


Angus John Macleod. Name.

Catalina Artemisia Anguissola. Name change from Kaitlin of Glenloch.

Coinneach Aindrias MacLeod. Device. Azure, a saltire Or overall two wolves combattant argent all within a bordure Or.

Elspeth Fauconneau. Device. Counter-ermine, on a pile wavy argent a joscelyn sable belled Or.

Jawhar ibn Akmal. Name and device. Argent, a sinister hand appaumy erased on a chief sable three decrescents argent.

Submitted as Jawhar ibn Akmal el Ghazi, Ghazi was not documented as anything but a given name, with which the article el ("the") is inappropriate. (This problem was noted in the internal commentary and quoted in the LoI.) We have dropped the problematic element to register the name.

Laure Ancelyn de Saint Malo. Name.

Submitted as Laure Ancylynn de Saint Malo, neither the double "n" nor the e/y exchange could be supported by the examples. We have substituted a better documented spelling here.

Lothar Zürnkrieger. Name.

Submitted as Lothar Zürnerkreiger, German appears to use the root form of the adjective in combinations of this sort, and the German for "warrior" is krieger. We have corrected the byname here accordingly.

Lydia of Sardis. Name.

Marian Leyland of Lea. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a bend sinister gules between a decrescent argent and a dragon salient contourny sable.

Sean MacKieran. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


Alain de La Rochelle. Name.

Celestinus mac Criomhthainn. Device. Vert, a pitcher and in chief a flame within a bordure argent.

Versus Elizabeth Creamer (SCA), Vert, a pitcher bendwise distilling a goutte all within a bordure argent, there are CDs for the orientation of the primary charge and for the addition of the secondary flame.

Jörg Jorge the Short. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, two birds addorsed counterchanged.

Submitted as Jörg the Short on the LoI, the submitter's originally desired Jörg Jorge the Short can be justified as an unmarked patronymic. You might let him know that Jörg Jorge der Kurze would be more in keeping with actual German practice.

Generic birds are close by default.

Thorsheim, Canton of. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

A number of place-names like Thórsmörk, Thórsnes, Thórsá, and others lend sufficient support to the name for us to register it.


Of the items in this Letter of Intent to Protect, the ones immediately below were generally felt to warrant protection by the SCA and will be added to the Armorial and Ordinary.

Bernadotte. Azure, an eagle displayed facing sinister perched upon a marshal's baton in chief the constellation of Ursa Major Or and a bridge of three arches issuant from a base wavy argent.

Birger Jarl. Azure semy of hearts gules, three bendlets sinister argent overall a lion rampant Or.

Brahe, Tycho. Sable, a pale argent.

Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson. Azure, a sinister and a dexter half of a fleur-de-lys in chevron throughout and in base a dexter half of a fleur-de-lys fesswise Or.

Fugger. Per pale Or and azure, two fleurs-de-lys counterchanged.

The Fugger family were on a par with the de' Medicis in banking and finance.

Oxenstierna, Axel. Or, a bull's scalp (oxenstjärna) gules.

A bull's scalp is the cow equivalent to a deer's massacre; it is the horns with a bit of the scalp attached.

Painters, Swedish Guild of. Azure, three inescutcheons argent.

This coat appears to have been widely used by painters and their guilds throughout Europe. As a consequence, it is in all likelihood more familiar to people than many of the other coats we already protect.


Aonghus of Clan Campbell. Device. Quarterly gules and argent, a boar's head couped close sable, a bordure Or.

Cearnach of Stonemarche. Device. Vert, on a bend sinister invected between two turtles Or, a turtle palewise vert.

Edward the Chaste. Name and device. Checky sable and argent, in base in pale a death's head and two bones in saltire gules.

There was some feeling among those attending the Laurel meeting that the identifiability of the charges was problematical, but as none of the commenters mentioned identifiability as a problem, we are registering this.

Elizabeth of Glastonbury. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Elleyne de Combourg. Device. Azure, semy-de-lys argent, a sun in splendor and a label Or.

Étain Domhunullach. Device change. Or, on a fess vert between two red foxes passant guardant each maintaining in its dexter forepaw a holly leaf fructed proper, a fox passant guardant maintaining in its dexter forepaw a holly leaf Or

Her presently registered device, Gules, a Norse sun cross and on a chief Or, a red fox's mask between two sprigs of holly, fructed, all proper, is released.

Fernando Henrique de Bragança. Name.

Submitted as Fernando Herique de Bragança on the LoI, the missing "n" in Henrique was a typo.

John Linsdell of Tresco. Device. Or, a bottle bendwise inverted azure distilling a goutte, a base gules.

You might suggest that he could "center" the flask a little more.

Pádraig Ó Riain. Name and device. Or, a sword inverted gules between two pallets dancetty vert.

Ragnarr the Frog. Name.

The name could probably be improved slightly as Ragnar the Frogge or Ragnar le Frogge.

Raedwynn æt thæm Grenan Wuda. Device. Per pale purpure and vert, on a pile wavy argent, three mazers sable.


Alexandre de Vouvray. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Anastasia Amalasuintha of Hyrnkeepe. Device. Per fess argent and sable, a phoenix azure and two annulets interlaced in fess argent.

Ansel the Barrister. Name.

You should let him know that the word barrister came into use so late that the form of the byname here is essentially impossible. However, names with similar meanings which were documented by the commenters included le Lawyer (1336), Lawman (1279), le Legistere (1286), and derived from OE mótere (public speaker) and OFr plaideor, plaitier (pleader), le Motere (1175), le Mouter (1327), Plaitere (1216), le Pleytour (1327), and le Pledour (1331).

Bothvar Ruriksson. Name and device. Or, a pale gules surmounted by a boar's head erased sable armed argent, in chief two trees proper.

Though as a number of commenters noted, this has a technical complexity count of nine with three types of charge (pale, head, trees) and six tinctures (Or, gules, sable, argent, vert and brown), the device is relatively simple, well-balanced, and all of the charges are clear and identifiable. Given that the rule of thumb for complexity is simply that, a rule of thumb rather than an absolute cutoff, we feel that this submission is registrable.

Crystoffer ap Cynan Llwyd. Device. Argent, on a pale sable between two dragons rampant reguardant addorsed gules, a sword proper, a bordure sable.

Elisande Adela de Cíteaux. Name and device. Quarterly azure and gules, an escallop between in bend two dolphins naiant Or.

Gordon of Axemoor. Name.

Grimbaldus Bacon. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and gules, a cross formy and a mullet counterchanged.

Versus Christopher of Canterbury (SCA), Per bend sinister argent and gules, two Bowen crosses counterchanged, it was the consensus of many of the commenters and those attending the Laurel meeting that X.2. can apply between a Bowen cross (which is essentially a form of knot) and a cross formy. Thus this is clear by application of X.2 for significant change of type of the primary charges.

Please ask him to draw the bend sinister line so that it divides the field more equally.

Isabella Marjorie D'Arques. Name.

Submitted as Isabella Majorie D'Arques on the LoI, the missing first "r" from the middle name was a typo. The name would probably be better as a fully late-period English Isabella Marjorie Darche or a medieval French Isabele Margerie de Arques.

James Toxophilus. Device. Per pale gules and sable, an arrowhead inverted and in chief two mullets of four points argent.

Katherine Anne Power. Name.

Katrina of Iron Mountain. Device. Argent, two double-headed thistles proper, between flaunches azure.

Please ask her to draw the thistles larger to better fill the space available to them.

Leszek z Szczytna. Name.

Submitted as Leszek z Szczecin, Szczecin is the modern name of the town, which in period was Szczytno. The preposition z requires the genitive case of the name: here, Szczytna.

Marcus Starke of Aberdeen. Name and device. Per chevron azure and gules, two mullets and a recorder, a bordure Or.

Maximilian Racheengel. Badge. [Fieldless] A winged ferret segreant argent, winged and marked, charged on the shoulder with a cross formy fitchy purpure.

Rhiannon of Ravenswood. Name.

Please let the submitter know that the name Rhiannon was never used by humans in period.

Richard de Chinon. Device. Per pale sable and azure, on a chief dovetailed Or, three mullets sable.

Simple, bold armory!

Robert Gethin Albret. Name and device. Or, a chevron between two horse's heads couped addorsed sable and a rose sable barbed vert seeded Or, within a bordure sable.

Rovena of Bri Leith. Device. Sable, a horse rampant within an annulet, on a mount argent a fleur-de-lys sable.

Seònaid an t-Eilean Sgitheanach. Name.

Submitted as Seonaide An t-Eilean Sgitheanach, Seonaide is actually the genitive form of the name, appropriate in a patronymic but not as a given. an t-Eilean Sgitheanach is the nominative case of "the Isle of Skye"; here it needs to be placed in the genitive (and the article will not normally be capitalized). It is likely that Seònaid Sgitheanach would be more in line with known practice, Sgitheanach being an adjectival byname.

Simon MacLeod. Badge. [Fieldless] A lion sejant Or atop an anvil sable, maintaining a sword inverted argent transfixing the anvil's horn.

Thorvald Ingvarsson. Name and device. Vert semy of oak leaves bendwise sinister, in pale a dagger inverted and a stag's head caboshed Or.

Ulrich Maximilian Niedlinger. Device. Argent, a bend azure, overall a wyvern statant, on a chief gules three polled cows heads caboshed argent.

Ursula the Saxon. Name.

You might let her know that the name could be improved as a Latin Ursula Saxonica, OE Ursula Seaxe, or medieval German Ursula Sachsinne.

Yesugai Naran. Name.


Amy of Rivenstar. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Or, three dragonflies vert winged sable.

Submitted as Caelica of Argyll.

Coley Cuthbert. Device. Ermine, in base a trefoil vert within a bordure vert semy of trefoils argent.

Dafydd ap Morgan ap Gwyn. Name and device. Argent, a chevron vert between three dragons passant azure, an orle vert.

Godfrey Avonsford. Name.

Please inform the submitter that all of the evidence found indicates that Avonford (without the "s") is much more likely than the submitted (and registered) form.

Heinrich Riegersburg. Name and device. Argent, a chevron embattled vert overall in fess a sword and a sword inverted sable.

You might let him know that the device would be better drawn if the angle of the chevron were a bit steeper.

Heinrich Riegersburg. Badge. Argent, in fess a sword and a sword inverted sable within a bordure embattled vert.

Middle, Kingdom of the. Title for Inland Seas Herald.

Ranulf Throckmorton. Name and device. Sable, a cross formy swallowtailed Or on a chief embattled Or five feathers sable.

Blazoned in the LoI as a Maltese cross, the primary charge does not have the arms meeting in the center at a point, one of the defining characteristics of a Maltese cross.

Rowena of the Glen. Name.

Teresa of Hawkehurst. Name change from holding name Teresa of Dragon's Vale.


Ælric Kyrri. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Catherine de Montlhéry. Name and device. Purpure, on a pale sable fimbriated, three feathers bendwise sinister argent.

Wynne ferch Rhodri. Device. Per pale purpure and Or, two cats sejant erect respectant and a roundel counterchanged.


Anisah al Nuwwar. Name.

Bestwodeschire. Name and device. Sable, two laurel wreaths argent, on a mountain argent enflamed proper, a wheel gules.

Submitted as Shire of Bestwodeschire, the "shire of" is redundant here.

Donata Ivanovna Basistova. Device change. Purpure, a hare argent.

Versus Ottar Eriksson (SCA), A rabbit sejant guardant armed with a stag's attires argent, there is a CD for field vs. fieldless, and another for the removal of the attires, which a comparison of the emblazons showed to be the visual equivalent of removing wings, for which we also grant a CD.

Her currently registered device, Per chevron sable and purpure, a hare sejant to sinister argent, is released.

Terric Cahuzac. Name and device. Argent, a pegasus segreant to sinister purpure.

William Enterkin. Name and device. Per saltire purpure and sable, a saltire dovetailed and a bordure argent.


MAY 1995



Conrad Breakring of Ascalon. Device. Argent, an annulet fracted to dexter sable.

RfS VII.7.a. and b. require that armorial elements be identifiable from their appearance alone and must be reconstructible from a competent blazon. Neither is the case here. The primary charge was not identifiable without the blazon; many of the commenters (as well as those at the Laurel meeting were at a loss to determine what the charge was before being given the blazon. Nor was anyone able to create a "competent blazon" which would create the particular form of "fracting" of the annulet here (which appeared to be more of a "deformation and failure" rather than fracting.

Comparing the emblazons, there is no visual conflict with Hildr Ulfsdottir (SCA), Argent, issuant from an annulet three Norse wolf's heads ululant, one and two, facing clockwise, sable, delineated gules, The heads in Hildr's device are the visually dominant part of the charge, the smaller annulet in the center being how they are conjoined.

Iain MacDhugal Cameron of Ben Liath. Badge. [Fieldless] An otter couchant to sinister guardant argent.

Conflict with Titus the Alchemist (SCA), Vert, a ferret statant guardant to sinister argent. There is one CD for fieldless vs. fielded, but it is extremely hard to tell the difference between statant and couchant on very short-legged critters like otters and ferrets; so much so that a visual comparison of the emblazons showed very little difference between them.


Ælfgar Hæweneage. Device. Argent, a chevron sable overall a wyvern displayed azure, a bordure sable.

Many commenters noted that apparently a tincture was missing from the blazon (in fact, the chevron is, as many thought, sable rather than azure) which would reduce the identifiability of the wyvern unacceptably. This would normally cause the submission to be pended for research under the correct blazon. However, the wyvern is not drawn a azure, it is mixed azure and purpure in a way which is not describable heraldically. Please have him redraw with an azure wyvern if that is what he wants.

Curstaidh Magorlick. Name.

The appeal does not appear to provide any new evidence and fails to address the original reason for return, as required by the Administrative Handbook. (See Right of Appeal: "All appeals must be supported by new documentation or other proof that the original submission was returned in error or by compelling evidence that the submission was not properly considered at the time of return.") Additionally, it is very unclear on what basis this is being appealed. "Curstaidh could be a possible variant" is not the sort of evidence an appeal needs. The essence of the original return was that the best evidence for Curstaidh is as a modern "Gaelicization" of Kirstie (or some variant thereof). The only date in the documentation provided was that Christine (not Kirstie or some similar variant) was "not much used in Britain until the end of the 19th century". Even on appeal, Curstaidh still appears to be a modern backformation, not a period name. In the context of an Anglicized surname (Magorlick) there appears to be no justification for using a Gaelic-spelling given name (on which subject see more in the Cover Letter accompanying this LoAR), much less a spelling for which there is no period evidence whatsoever.

Miriam of Bristol. Device. Gules, two estoiles and a Norwegian elkhound statant argent.

Conflict with Lizbeth Ravensholm (SCA), Gules, a wolf passant regardant argent armed sable, perched on its back a raven croaking proper. There is a CD for the addition of the estoiles, but no other countable differences between the two.

Siobhan nic Ghiolla Mhin. Device. Sable, a sheaf of arrows between flaunches Or.

The arrows are drawn with small heads and fletchings. Such have been cause for return for redrawing in the past, and this must be returned as well.


Barbara Giomaria di Roberto. Device. Argent, a chevron inverted azure in chief a brown hen rousant proper.

As with the return of a brown feather proper, a brown hen proper "is not an appropriate use of a hon-heraldic tincture for a charge". (Quoting the LoAR of April 1994, p. 20). Prior Laurel precedent concurs. "The wing was blazoned on the letter of intent and the forms as proper and is in fact brown so it cannot be reblazoned in any heraldic tincture." (Alisoun MacCoul of Elphane, LoAR 31 December 1989, p. 25).

Frithuric Ülman. Name correction from Frithuric Ullman.

No one, including the submitter's own documentation, has a form of the surname with the umlaut, and such a form is extremely unlikely.

Hannah Cameron. Device. Argent, a fox rampant gules its tail flames proper on a chief vert three garbs Or.

As noted in the return of a proposed device for Bedwyr ap Gwrgant Amaethon ap Rhain in the LoAR of July 1994, p. 11, "We have not allowed charges of flame for quite some time." With the possible exception of a phoenix, of which the flames are a part of the definition of the charge itself ("an eagle rising from flames"), charges or, as here, parts of a charge "of flames" do not appear to be period style and tend to create the kind of visual confusion which heraldry normally attempts to avoid. (See, e.g., RfS VIII.3.: "Armorial Identifiability - Elements must be used in a design so as to preserve their individual identifiability.")

Susanna Grey. Device. Sable, a decrescent argent on a chief vairy Or and vert in pale two broadarrow heads that in base inverted points conjoined sable.

The arrowheads are unidentifiable on the chief. Their complex outline, made more complex by the unusual conjoining and rendered less easily identifiable by conjoining them palewise on a charge whose narrowest dimension is along a palar line (essentially putting the longest axis of the charges on a line which has the least amount of room), coupled with the busy background, made their identity nearly impossible to determine at any distance.


Sigurd Hardtrader. Name.

No evidence was presented for hard or for trader (hardimarchaunt does not really support it, since ME hardi `bold, courageous' is distinct from hard, and the compound is French rather than English). We need evidence that the modern idioms represented by this name are period. Certainly the idiom of "trading hard blows" on the field (one of the two meanings being attempted by the submitter) appears to be modern. And the idiom of `a trader who drives a hard bargain' is so far unsupported by documentation (the best Harpy could suggest was in Jönsjö: Hardlad and Hardmon (i.e., "hard-man").

The accompanying armory was registered under the holding name Nicholas of Southron Gaard.


Sean MacKieran. Device. Tierced per pall potent, gules, and purpure, two male griffins combattant and a bordure Or.

No one found any bar to registration of this armory, but as no emblazon forms were received by Laurel, we are unable to process this submission.

Ulrika Elsabet Koenen. Name.

Submitted on the LoI as Ulrika Elsabet Loenen, the "L" in the surname was a typo for "K", which latter matches the earlier submission.

No evidence has been presented that Ulrika is any more likely a period name than the previously returned Ulrike. Contrary to the statement in the LoI, the spelling of the given in Withycombe is Ulrica, and it is described as "occasionally borrowed from German". As commentary on the earlier submission noted, Bahlow notes that Ulrike was "fashionable c. 1800 as a recent feminization". Ulrica, however spelled, does not appear to be a period name.


Filip Månsson. Device. Per pale indented Or and sable.

The unusual nature of the indented line (going vertical in the bottom quarter of the shield), is not similar to the example cited in Foster's A Dictionary of Heraldry, p. 19. In that emblazon the line of division has no vertical segment; the last segment in base is oriented a bit bendwise sinister of fesswise and terminates at the dexter flank of the shield just a little above the point. This is materially different from the submitted form.

Further, it conflicts with Raymond the Mild (SCA), Pily bendy sable and Or. There is one CD for modifying the orientation of the complex line of division (from bendwise to palewise).

Kira of Callanish. Device. Per chevron ermine and gules, in base a swan argent

Conflict with Sheryl of Thespis (SCA), Azure, a swan naiant argent crowned Or and with the Kingdom of Meridies' badge for the Gosling Guild, Per bend sable and argent, in sinister chief a swan naiant argent. In each case there is a CD for the changes to the field, but as the position of the swan on the field here is pretty much forced by the field tinctures, no CD can be granted for position on the field between these pieces of armory.

Thorsheim, Canton of. Device. Gules, pendant about the neck of a double-headed goose argent a heart gules all within a laurel wreath Or.

Conflict with Poland, Gules, an eagle displayed argent. There is one CD for the addition of the laurel wreath, but the goose displayed is insufficiently different from an eagle displayed to grant a CD for that, and the consensus was that the very small heart about the neck is more a maintained charge than a tertiary and so insufficient for a CD.


Of the items in this Letter of Intent to Protect, the ones immediately below were generally felt to be insufficiently important to warrant protection by the SCA. Specific reasons are given with each proposal.

Birger Persson. Gules, two wings inverted argent.

Persson is primarily known for being the father of St. Bridget. The general feeling among the commenters is that this alone is not sufficient to warrant protection (see, e.g., Harpy's letter of intent to "un"protect the arms of Owen Tudor).

Bo Jonsson. Argent, a griffin's head erased sable.

There was a fair consensus among the commenters that this person did not come up to the general standards of importance to warrant protection.

De Geer, Louis. Argent, on five fusils in fess gules three fleur-de-lys in pale Or.

There was a fair amount of consensus among the commenters that money alone (de Geer was a merchant, industrialist, and entrepreneur) was not a sufficient basis for protecting these arms, and that he did not seem to be more significant than others we have chosen not to protect.

Erik Magnusson. Azure semy of hearts gules, three bendlets sinister argent, overall a lion rampant crowned Or.

These arms are protected already, as they are identical to the arms of Birger Jarl, above.

Hvide. Barry of six azure and argent.

There was a fair consensus among the commenters that this family did not come up to the general standards of importance to warrant protection.

Karl Knutsson. Or, a hulk gules.

Better known to Americans as King Charles VIII of Sweden, these were his family rather than the royal arms; the equivalent of being the "father of somebody". The general consensus among the commenters was that these arms need not be protected.

Linné, Carl von. Tierced per pall gules, vert and sable, on a pall argent between three coronets Or, a torteau charged with an egg inverted argent.

There was a fair consensus among the commenters that these arms did not come up to the general standards of importance to warrant protection. Not even a commenter who collects the arms of great scientists was familiar with these arms.

Oxenstierna, Jöns Bengtsson. Or, a bull's scalp (oxenstjärna) gules.

These arms are already protected in the identical arms of Axel Oxenstierna, above.

Sten Gustavsson Sture. Or, three seeblatter in bend sable.

The feeling among the commenters was somewhat borderline, with a slight edge to those who felt that the arms were not sufficiently important to protect.

Sten Svantesson Sture. Per fess Or and azure.

The feeling among the commenters was somewhat borderline, with a slight edge to those who felt that the arms were not sufficiently important to protect.

Tott. Quarterly gules and Or. Sometimes, Quarterly Or and gules.

There was nothing from the description given which led the commenters to believe that these arms were sufficiently important to protect.


Aleksandr Mikhail Evgenovich Svyatoslavin. Name.

The form of the name makes the submitter the son of Evgenii Svyatoslava, which is a mixed gender name, unattested in Russian naming forms. We could have corrected this and made the name Aleksandr Mikhail Evgenovich Sviatoslavov, but as the submitter allowed no changes or corrections whatsoever, we are forced to return this. (We could also modified the name so that he was the son of Evgenii and the grandson of a woman named Svyatoslava -- Aleksandr Mikhail Evgenovich Svyatoslavin vnuk.)

Elizabeth of Glastonbury. Device. Ermine, on a bend sinister azure, a newt tergiant argent.

Conflict with Anika Gael Quicksilver (SCA), Ermine, a bend sinister azure surmounted by an open book argent fimbriated Or. While there is certainly sufficient technical difference between the two devices (removal of an overall charge, addition of a tertiary), in fact the book in Anika's device is drawn in a "barely overall" manner and is effectively a tertiary charge. As a consequence, while there is clearly a CD for the difference in type of the charges on the bend, we cannot in good conscience grant another for anything else.

Gregory Finche. Badge. [Fieldless] A portcullis sable surmounted by a rapier Or.

Submitted as being for "The Northguard Rapier Company", such name has not been registered to the submitter.

There are actually two different precedents that affect this submission. One, mentioned by many of the commenters, is the precedent regarding overall charges on fieldless badges. This one states that "In cases where identifiability is maintained -- where one of the charges is a long, slender object, and the area of intersection is small -- overall charges will still be permitted in fieldless badges". (Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme, Cover Letter January 1993, p. 3). In this case, one of the charges is long and slender, but the area of intersection is not "small"; indeed, it runs nearly the entire length of the overall charge. Nor is identifiability adequately maintained. As several commenters noted, the rapier here effectively takes the place of one of the vertical posts of the portcullis, and it takes a bit of looking to decide that it's not a portcullis with something "funny" done to one of the uprights.

The other precedent is the often-quoted ban on "barely overall" charges. Indeed, much commentary was focused on the matter of exactly how to best blazon the rapier - was it "on" the portcullis, was it "overall", did it "surmount" the portcullis, etc.

You might recommend to him that both problems could be solved by drawing the portcullis much smaller.

Iseabail Urquhart. Name.

The name uses two widely divergent transliteration systems; the forename is spelled in a thoroughly Gaelic fashion, while the surname is just as clearly written in an English manner. The name would be fine as either Isabel Urquhart (the way it would be spelled according to English conventions) or Iseabail Urchardainn (the way it would be spelled according to Scottish Gaelic conventions). We would normally have made the smallest possible change and modified the transliteration of the given to match that of the surname (Isabel), but as the submitter allowed no changes whatsoever, however, we are having to return this.


Alexandre de Vouvray. Device. Per pale azure and Or, two fleurs-de-lys and a sea-lion erect counterchanged.

Conflict with Fugger (protected above in this LoAR from the Drachenwald Letter of Intent to Protect), Per pale azure and Or, two fleurs-de-lys counterchanged. There is only one CD, for the addition of the sea-lion.

Gillian Starke of Aberdeen. Device. Vert, a sea unicorn erect, on a point pointed argent, a gillyflower azure.

The primary charge is not drawn as a sea-unicorn, but rather as a unicornate sea-horse. Such an in-between monster has been disallowed since the tenure of Baldwin of Erebor. If we are to continue to be able to grant a difference between unicorns and horses, we are forced to require that they be drawn clearly as one or the other. Unicorns have beards, cloven hooves, lion's tails (though of course this last cannot apply to this submission ), and a more goat-like than equine head.

Additionally, the point pointed would be improved by being drawn a little larger.


Balian de Brionne. Badge. [Fieldless] A salamander gules enflamed Or.

Conflict with Vespacia Capricornia Kareliae (SCA), Pily bendy Or and vert, a natural chameleon gules. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but a comparison of the two emblazons demonstrated that the two lizards are in identical postures and that the differences between them were all in the same categories as those considered to be too minor to grant a CD.

Beibhinn Nic Gille fhaolain na Kirkcudbright. Name and device. Argent, a catamount passant to sinister sable between two bars wavy vert, in chief a triquetra and in base a triquetra inverted sable.

As no forms for these submissions were received, we are unable to process them.

Caelica of Argyll. Name.

Caelica appears as the title to a collection of sonnets by Sir Fulke Greville, Lord Brook, which appeared only after his death, having first been published in 1633. As such, it could not have been a part of the name pool before 1600, and must be considered to be in the same category as other similar names, such as Miranda, as out of period.

The accompanying armory was registered under the holding name, Amy of Rivenstar.

Red Spears, Barony of. Badge. Ermine, two boar spears in saltire surmounted by another palewise argent enflamed sable.

The "enflaming" here is not, but is rather "a sheaf of three spears-shaped flame" charged with a sheaf of three spears. This is much too complex for a flame to be. It's identifiability suffers sufficiently that it becomes next to impossible to identify it as a flame. (Picture it without the spears on it; they tend to give it better definition.) The flames here act only as a very complex fimbriation, which has been previously disallowed.

Additionally, this is very close to Wulfstan the Unshod (SCA), Per pale gules and vert, two poleaxes in saltire surmounted by a spear palewise argent. There is a CD for the change to the field, but the complex fimbriation counts for nothing, and the visual similarities of the poleaxes to the boar spears was evident to those who saw them at the Laurel meeting.


Ælric Kyrri. Device. Argent, on a cross azure a compass-star elongated to base Or, and a bordure embattled azure.

Conflict with Madeleine FitzRobert da la Foret (SCA), Argent, on a cross azure an escallop inverted Or, overall a bordure embattled counterchanged. There is a CD per X.4.j.ii. for the change to type of tertiary, but X.4.d. does not allow a second for the change in tincture to well less than half the bordure, and a visual comparison demonstrated the overwhelming visual resemblance.

Bohémond de Nicée. Badge. [Fieldless] On a flames gules, a fleur-de-lys argent, its crossbar a snake nowed Or.

Blazoned in the LoI as A fleur-de-lys argent, its crossbar a snake nowed Or, all enflamed gules, the fleur is not enflamed, it is on a flame.

Conflict with Grimn the Hele-Bourne, Sable, upon a flame gules fimbriated Or a skull argent, and with Reginleif the Unruly, Sable, on a flame gules fimbriated Or a rough-legged draught horse forcene argent. In each case there is a CD for fieldlessness, but nothing for the fimbriation of the flame and nothing for the change to type only of the tertiary charge on a complex charge.

The style of having an animate charge as the "crossbar" of the fleur is extremely unusual, and has, to the best of our knowledge, no period precedent.


Cristall Madeleine Moore. Name.

While cross-gender names have long been allowed in the SCA, mixed-gender names have not. This has a masculine given with a feminine given with a surname.

Neither does it match any of the three kinds of double given name used in England before the end of our period noted by Bardsley: those that had already been used by English royalty, like Charles James; those that commemorated the prior death of the child's father with second element Posthumus/Posthuma (according to the sex of the bearer); and those with second name Maria (for either sex) in the Continental fashion.




Gwydden Lawen. Device. Sable, a fret and a chief Or.

This is pended so that the College may fully discuss the conflict call with Maltravers, Sable, fretty Or. The current Baron Maltravers is the Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England. Are these arms sufficiently important to add to our protected list of non-SCA armory? A parallel issue to consider: does His Excellency use the unquartered coat, or does he use Maltravers only as part of his quartered arms?