Brocc Huntington. Name (see PENDS for device).


Coombe Petroc, Shire of. Name and device. Sable, a phoenix within a laurel wreath, in chief three trees Or.





An Tir, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Silver Lily and Badge. (Fieldless) Three lilies conjoined at the stems in pall inverted argent.


Geillis Fairhand. Name and device. Argent, a moth volant en arriére sable marked argent, a demi-sun issuant from base gules.


Geiléis ingen ui Peatáin. Name.


Katherine FitzAlan. Household name for Clan Hubert.


Katla der Kenntnisriech. Name and device. Or, a dog rampant sable maintaining a recorder proper, a bordure azure.

While the byname should be put into the feminine form, the submitter is invoking the grandfather clause since her husband has the registered name Timothy der Kenntnisreich. Since the grandfather clause covers immediate family members, of which a wife is considered one, this name is registerable under our rules.


Mora of Lincolnshire. Name.


Robert of Caithness. Name and device. Per fess sable and gules, a tyger rampant and in chief a sword and a straight trumpet inverted in saltire argent


Signy Öksendal. Name and device. Counter-ermine, on a bend between two lions passant Or three wreaths of roses barbed proper.

Note: the submitter is a Lady of the Rose and therefore entitled to use a wreath of roses.


Yvon-Maurice Charon. Badge for the House of the Three Furies. Argent, on a pall vert between three cups sable, three rapiers points to center proper.





Alan Lynch. Name.


Allyson Tymmes. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a wyvern statant wings elevated and addorsed Or maintaining in its tail a shepherd's crook, in chief an increscent and a decrescent argent.

This was pended from the October 1998 LoAR.


Diego Quintana. Name.


Dominique Michelle le Vasseur. Name.


Eirik Halfdanarson. Device. Quarterly gules and azure, three drakkar prows couped Or.


Elizabeth Law. Name.


Krag von Berghen. Device. Sable, a bend sinister checky azure and argent between an eel naiant bendwise sinister and another naiant bendwise sinister head to base Or.


Meliora Rhydderch. Name and device. Per bend vert and sable, an eagle rising contourny wings elevated and addorsed maintaining in its claws a roundel Or.


Mihály Drachenschläger. Device. Or, three swords inverted and on a chief invected sable, a dragon passant Or.


Wolfgang von dem Hafen. Device. Per fess sable and gules, three wolf's heads erased and a Maltese cross fitchy argent.





Agnes of One Thousand Eyes. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a fess purpure between a dragon rampant contourny and a shamrock sable.

The armory was submitted under the name Proinnsias de Dragon Tigh-Osada.


Blase Hawley. Name.


Conchobhar mac Michil. Device. Ermine, a dragon segreant purpure, a bordure rayonny sable.

Please advise the submitter that he does not need to use that many ermine spots.


Connor Blackthorne. Device. Sable, on a bend cotised argent between two suns Or an opinicus courant sable.


Damian MacMillan. Name and device. Gules, a pile throughout bendy sinister azure and Or between two roses slipped and leaved argent.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the bendy sinister at a steeper angle.


Eric of Bronzehelm. Name and device. Argent, in pale a mullet of eight points and an eagle displayed, a bordure sable.


Fritz der Klewer. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Geoffrey Cheriton. Name.


Gerard le Bon d'Orleans. Name change from Gerard le Bon (see RETURNS for device).


Gunnvaldr Genja Ulfarsson. Name and device. Azure, a yale rampant and on a chief argent three double-bitted axes sable.


Isabeau Guion d'Anjou. Device. Per bend vert and purpure, a bend erminois between a hind salient and a compass star Or.


Isabella of Caerphilly. Name.



Isabelle MacLeod. Name.

Found on the LoI as Isabella MacLeod, the forms had Isabelle MacLeod, and we have changed it back to the submitter's original form.


Kassandra of Loch Salann. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per saltire Or and purpure, in pale two roses slipped and leaved proper and in fess an increscent and a decrescent argent.

The armory was submitted under the name Kassandra Eymann.


Lecelina O'Brien of Mountshannon. Name and device. Per pale wavy purpure and Or, a unicorn argent and a dragon sable combattant.


Linda Halley of Barry. Name.


Macela Christiné. Name.


Marcello li Donnici. Name and device. Vert, on a cross formy quadrate argent a compass star gules.

Submitted as Marcello li Dònnici, the accents in de Felice's Cognomi are there as pronunciation guides, and are not part of the spelling.


Marie Lorraine de Montclair. Name and device. Gules, a patriarchal cross fleury argent and an orle Or between three fleur-de-lys argent.

Submitted as Marie Lorraine de Monteclair, as we said in the original return of Lorraine de Monteclair

[T]he place-name is incorrectly constructed: the French noun is mont, not monte, so the name should be Montclair. A slightly different form is preserved in the place-name Montclar (Dauzat & Rostaing, 471). If she picks a suitable given name, she can use the Latin de Monteclaro and preserve the interior e.

The LoI also quotes the submitter's question as to why her alternative name Marie Lorriane de Monteclair was not accepted. Please inform the submitter that no alternate names were mentioned on the LoI, so Laurel had no way of knowing that an alternate would be acceptable. Furthermore, Laurel does not deal with alternate names or devices; one and only one of each should be sent to Laurel at a time.


One Thousand Eyes, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for order name). (Fieldless) In saltire a key inverted azure and a peacock feather Or marked azure.


One Thousand Eyes, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Talon d'Or. (Fieldless) A dragon's talon erect Or maintaining a roundel, overall in saltire two rapiers inverted azure.


Robert le Raven MacLeod. Name.

Submitted as Robert "The Raven" MacLeod, we do not register names that use nicknames in quotes. However, since Reaney and Wilson's A Dictionary of English Surnames, under Raven date Alice le Reven to 1327, we were able to remove the quotes and make the name registerable.


Rosalind the Tender. Device. Quarterly wavy argent and purpure, two butterflies rising to sinister, wings elevated and addorsed, purpure.


Sabina MacPherson. Change of holding name from Deborah of Gryphon's Lair.


Tamara Alexandra. Name.

Valdimarr Sindri Halsson. Name.


Zuzanne Suwalska. Name.





Benedict of Luzern. Name and device. Quarterly gules and Or, in bend three cats' face , a bordure engrailed counterchanged.

Please ask the submitter to draw the heads larger.


Cartismandua Natione Veniconum. Name and device. Sable, on a plate a hedgehog statant gules, on a chief argent three hedgehogs statant gules.

Submitted as Cartismandua Natione Veniconis, Veniconis is a third declension noun, so needs to be put into the correct genitive plural. We have done so.


Edward of Westmark. Name.


Johann Wolfgang von Hesse. Name.


Johann Wolfgang von Hesse. Household name for Company of the Sable Blade and badge. Argent, three crosses formy fitchy in pall conjoined at the points, a bordure sable.


Malik the Malicious. Device. Sable, a tai-chi sable and argent, fimbriated Or, within flames in annulo proper.





Anarra Karlsdottir. Release of badge. Argent goutty de larmes, issuant from a base engrailed azure a demi-tower sable.


Anastasia O'Bryan. Name and device. Azure, a rose between three doves close argent.


Duncan FitzAzor. Name and device. Per saltire gules and argent, a tower counterchanged between in fess two trees eradicated gules.


Felina von Behren. Device. Per pale sable and argent, two wolves combattant, in chief three roses counterchanged.


Gráinne inghean uí Bhrolacháin. Name change from Maolmhichil inghean uí Bhrolacháin and badge. (Fieldless) On a cat's pawprint azure a mullet argent.

Her former name Maolmhichil inghean uí Bhrolacháin, is hereby released.


Jason Michael of Andover. Badge. (Fieldless) A tyger rampant maintaining a goblet argent.


Jökull landi Haraldsson. Name change from Landa Jökull Haraldsson.

His former name Landa Jökull Haraldsson, is hereby released.


Elizabeth de Lisle. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Or, on a fess between two chevronels vert, three lilies argent.

The armory was submitted under the name Lisette de Lisle.

Lucrezia di Francesca. Badge. Azure, a dog passant, in canton a swallowtailed cross argent.


Margarethe Louise vom Schwarzwald. Name and device. Or, a hurst of three pine trees sable.


Nostas'ia Stepanova Kievskaia. Badge. (Fieldless) A salamander statant to sinister gules, enflamed Or.


Renata von Hentzau. Device. Azure, a fox courant reguardant argent, in chief three mullets Or.


Saint Georges, Canton of. Name (see RETURNS for device).





Alexanderes Way, Stronghold of. Name.

Submitted as Alexander's Road, The Stronghold of, Brown Mouse Herald had the following comments:

"None of the named roads discussed in Kenneth Cameron's English Place Names (London: B. T. Batsford Ltd, 1996) chapter on "Roads and Ways" have "road" as an element. "Street" or "Way" seem the most common for Roman roads and large native roads, while "Way", "Street", "Lane", "Gate" and "Path" occur on lesser old roads. I went to the compact OED (1st ed.) where under the article on the word "road" they relate, in a rather surprised fashion, that the word "road" gained the common modern meaning very late in fact the earliest citations for that meaning are 16th century. Since a place name named after the ancient road it is on would take some time for the name to transfer from the road to the settlement, this name is probably impossible as submitted. (The one example of a possible 16th century naming of a road is Doctor's Gate "first recorded on a Plan dated 1627 as Docto Talbotes gate (sic);" (Cameron 159).) I think this is best registered as Alexanderes Way or Alexanderes Street

We have, therefore, changed the name to Alexanderes Way, removing the unnecessary The in front of Stronghold and making the possessive in a period fashion.


Berthold Wolfer. Name and device. Per fess azure and vert, a wolf passant contourny Or.


Catrin Gwynystlum. Name and device. Gules, a reremouse displayed and on a base argent a wheel gules.

The byname, Gwynystlum means white bat. While there is no evidence of Welsh descriptive names using bats, enough other types of animals were used that this is no more than one weirdness.


Ericus Astrologus. Name and device. Sable, an open book between three mullets of seven points argent.

Submitted as Ericus Astrologicus no documentation was presented for the form of the byname. Therefore we have changed it to the documented form found in both the OED, which dates it to 1440 and Lewis and Short's Latin Dictionary.


Gerdis Leontindotter af Bure. Name and device. Azure, on a bend argent between a sheaf of keys wards to base and a lute Or an ivy vine vert.


Ivan Mikhailovich. Name and device. Quarterly vert and sable, a cross erminois.





Ivana zhena Nataliia. Name.

Found on the LoI as Nataliia Ivana zhena, it was submitted as Ivana zhena Nataliia and changed in kingdom because no documentation was presented for the submitted form. Escutcheon has provided documentation for the original form, so we have restored it.


Laure Aleire de Leon. Name.


Melesent de Huguenin. Device. Sable, three owls rising sinister wing elevated argent each maintaining a willow slip vert.


Pietari Pentinpoika Uv. Badge for Societas Silvestris. (Fieldless) A tree blasted and eradicated azure surmounted by a lynx passant argent.


Raphael d'Angelo. Name and device. Argent, a lion's head cabossed, on a chief wavy sable three crosses formy fitchy argent.


Vidar Oxenstierna. Name (see RETURNS for device).





Robert Kirkpatrick. Device. Per bend sinister vert and argent, two griffins passant respectant counterchanged.

This was pended on the October 1998 LoAR.


Susana del Lago. Device. Argent, a mounted knight passant, bearing a banner gules, a bordure sable crusilly formy argent.

This was pended on the October 1998 LoAR.





Cainnear Rúad. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Khalil al-Jili. Name and device. Per fess rayonny sable and gules, in chief a mullet of seven points between the horns of a crescent argent.


Raoul d'Avignon. Name change from holding name of André of Innilgard





Anna Nikolaevna Petrakova. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules ermined argent and gules, a bend sinister sable fimbriated, in base a peacock close contourny argent.


Caedmon of Jorvik. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Caìrech nic Amargein. Name and device. Argent, a domestic cat couchant guardant gules, in sinister chief a trefoil vert, a bordure wavy gules.

The question was raised in commentary as to what the genitive form of Amargein is. In fact, the genitive form for Amargein is Amargein.


Caitlin Davidson. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Cana Mac an Abdadh. Name (see PENDS for device).

Submitted as Cana Mac An Aba the LoI provided no documentation for Mac an Aba, and none could be found. We have substituted the period form.


Catherine Sexton. Name.


Dúnghal ua Donnchadha. Name and device. Azure, on a pile raguly Or, a stag courant contourny sable.

Submitted as Dúnghal ua Dhonnchadh, the byname needed to be put into the proper genitive form. We have done so.


Eadric the Wild. Name and device. Per bend argent and sable, a cross formy and a pheon counterchanged.


Irina Francesca degli Schiavoni. Device. Per bend sinister urdy Or and gules.

Note: she has a letter of permission to conflict from Eustace FitzJames Bendy sinister embattled Or and gules.


Paraskova Chemislava. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Owain ap Madog of Neath. Device. Per pall inverted gules, purpure, and Or, two bunches of grapes Or and a chalice sable.

This was pended from the July 1998 LoAR.


Ségán ua Flaithfhiled. Device. Vert, a hawk close and on a chief Or three hands appaumy vert.

Note: the submitter has a letter of permission to conflict with Ruth of the Debatable Lands Vert, a vulture and a chief Or.


Sheamus Selvayn. Device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a bend sinister between an increscent and a oak leaf bendwise sinister, all counterchanged argent and vert.


Sveinn Thorbrandsson. Name and device. Gyronny gules and lozengy azure and Or.

Please instruct the submitter to use larger lozenges.





Anders Olafsson. Name.


Bronwen Arianwen of Rivenwood Tower. Name.


Cecil the Silent. Device. Azure semy of swords inverted, a feather bendwise argent.


Constance Fairfax. Name and device. Azure, an orle of martlets Or.


Constance Grey. Name and device. Azure, three water-bougets Or.

Nice armory!


David de Brailes. Name.


Dervin Norwood of Hedgely Moor. Badge. Per saltire argent and vert, two oak trees argent, a demi-sun issuant from base vert.


Dorothea van der Zee. Badge. (Fieldless) A wooden basket proper.

Questions were raised in commentary as to what was proper for a basket. Laurel, not knowing the answer herself, posed this question to a member of the order of the Laurel, whose laurel was given for several arts including basketmaking. We received the following response:

"On the Proper Colour of Baskets

The short answer: Brown

The zen answer: wood colored

The heraldry shorthand answer: same color as a loaf of bread or a cup of tea

The long answer:

The majority of European medieval baskets were made of willow. The color of baskets made of willow depends on which of 3 treatments the willow receives before weaving. Willow can be Stripped (bark is peeled off while willow is green), Boiled & stripped (bark is peeled off after time spent in a hot waterbath), or Unpeeled (bark left on). Stripped willow is pale tan. Imagine a freshly cut board or a typical loaf of white bread. Boiled willow picks up some tannic color from the bark to become russet in color (a medium reddish-brown). Unpeeled willow dries to a darker brown, and depending on the plant variety it may have subtle red, green, or black undertones.

As baskets age (like wooden furniture) they absorb oils and dirt and become darker in appearance. Unlike furniture, baskets cannot be stripped, refinished, sanded, or polished.

Sincerely, Caterina de Forza d'Agro, CP, OL aka: Kitten Reames"

Based on this information, we are registering this as a wooden basket proper, since the proper for wood is brown.


Eustachia de Westwic. Name and device. Per bend purpure and vert, a bend argent between two wine amphorae Or.


Fionbharr Seabhac. Device. Argent, a falcon stooping and on a chief vert a rapier reversed proper.


Gunther Friedrich von Bodenheim. Name (see RETURNS for device).


James Maccorquodill. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Julianna Peri de Novellara. Badge. (Fieldless) A thimble argent.


Kenric Bjarnarson. Badge. (Fieldless) On a lozenge ployé, two pheons in pale conjoined at the base throughout Or.


Maria Caterina di Boni. Name.


Threewalls, Canton of. Name.

Submitted as Three Walls, Canton of, examples of medieval English place names with numbers in them include: Sevenoaks "seven oaks" (Ekwall's English Place Names, pg. 413) Sevenac (or -acher) 1200, Sevenak 1218, Seuenok 1230; Fourstones " four stones" (Ekwall 185) Fourstanys 1236, Fourstanes 1256; Sixhills "six clearings or glades" (Ekwall 463) Sixla c1115, Sixlei 1196, Sixele 1212; Ninebanks "nine banks or hills" (Ekwall 342) Ninebenkes 1228, Nine bankes 1296. English place-names using wall include: Bestwall "(the place) east of the wall" (Ekwall 40) Beastewelle 1086, Byestewalle juxta Warham 1310 and Thirlwall "perforated wall" (Ekwall 466) Thurlewall 1256. All of the examples of English place-names with numbers in them occur as single words, except for one doubtful one. Therefore, we have combined the elements into one name.





al-Barran, Barony of. Order name for Order of the Espada de Oro and badge. (Fieldless) Two rapiers inverted in saltire surmounted by a scorpion Or.


al-Barran, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for order name). Sable, a flame environed of ten pheons in annulo points inward Or.


Hrodolf Gullskeggr. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and sable, a demi-weasel and a demi-weasel inverted both issuant from the line of division counterchanged.

Submitted as Hrudrolf Gullskeggr, no documentation was presented for the spelling of the given name, and none could be found. We have changed it to an Anglicized form found in Geirr Bassi Haroldsson's The Old Norse Name, which is close to what was submitted. Note: the armory follows a period motif, which is found in Siedmacher's Wappenbuch.


Leonore of Black Diamond. Name (see RETURNS for device).


Sadhbh ní Dhonnabhain. Device. Argent, in pale two quill pens in saltire gules and a bird sable maintaining in its beak a sprig of cherries proper.


Outlands, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Silver Tine. Vert, a stag's attire palewise argent, a bordure embattled Or.

This was returned last month for unidentifiability of the tine. However, this form of the tine is grandfathered to the kingdom, so we are registering this.


Scola Metallorum, College of. Name and device. Azure, a donkey rampant contourny argent within a laurel wreath Or.

Submitted as Scola Metallorum, the group wanted to use Scola as an alternative for College. We are unwilling to declare Scola the equivalent of College and thereby reserve its use to official SCA groups, especially in light of the fact that there is already a Latin equivalent, Collegium. Please inform the group that the form Collegium Metallorum would also be acceptable.


Sorcha inghean ui Aoilleacháin. Name (see PENDS for device).

Submitted as Sorcha Ó hAoilleacháin, this combined a feminine given name with a masculine byname. We have feminized the byname.







Geoffrey FitzDavid. Device. Per chevron gules and Or, in base two chevronels sable.

This conflicts with Odo Fitzhugh Vert, two chevronels sable fimbriated argent. There is a CD for the field, but nothing for the fimbriation of the chevronels. Their move to base is dictated by the tinctures of the field, and precedent grants no CD for change in position on the field when that change is "forced" by the tinctures involved. "There is a CD for the field. Wyndhame’s wreath could not be in the center of the shield, so by the standing interpretation of RfS X.4.g. Arrangement Changes the move of the wreath is forced and not eligible for a second CD." (Jaelle of Armida, LoAR May 1997, p. 9) Here, neither of the chevrons could be entirely on or immediately adjoining to the red portion of the field, so the move to base is forced.


Orion’s Gate, Stronghold of. Name.

This is being returned for lack of documentation. While the LoI provided documentation for the use of gate in place names, no documentation was provided for Orion outside of the statement that the group used to have this name registered to them, it was released many years ago, and they want to use the name again. However, once an item is released, to be registered it must be registerable under the current rules. Barring documentation for Orion, this must be returned.





An Tir, Kingdom of. Title for Émail Herald.

This is being returned for two reasons. First for lack of documentation for the form of the name. According to the LoI, the word émail:

"In the 10th edition of the Dictionnaire etymologique de la langue française by Dauzat, on page 271 are found derivatives of ‘émail’ as ‘émailler’ dated to the 12th century, and ‘émailleur, -ure’ to the 13th. This is the spelling submitted. Woodward’s A Treatise of Heraldry British and Foreign gives in its glossary the heading "émail", under which it says, "Was used for the small enameled escutcheons [sic] of their master’s arms, worn upon the breast by the ancient heralds."There is also a reference to what sounds like the item in question in the contents of a letter from the 14th or early 15th century, " a pursuivant takes no oath but his lord gives him a name according to his fancy, and a shield of his arms, in gold or silver to wear on his breast"; the letter is quoted in Wagner’s Heraldry and the Heralds, p. 42. And finally, there is precedence in the SCA for naming a herald after an item or regalia, as Blue Mantle Pursuivant in Great Britain, and Black Rod (heraldic title), both registered in 1987. "

However, Blue Mantle does not come from heraldic regalia, but rather from the blue cloak of the Order of the Garter; the office was reputedly created by Henry V to serve the Order. As for Black Rod, it is not a herald's title at all; the full title is Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod and his office is essentially that of doorkeeper to the chapter of the Order of the Garter (and since about 1520 to the House of Lords as well).

Even if émail was an appropriate term for a heraldic title, this would be returned for obtrusive modernity. Everyone who commented on this title from outside of An Tir found it obtrusively modern. Everyone thought of e-mail when reading or hearing the title.


Eirika Kettlingr Ragnarsdóttir. Name.

This is being returned for incorrect construction, since it combines the male name Eirika with the feminine byname Ragnarsdóttir. Eirika is found in Lind's Norsk-Islandska Dopnamn, but it is there as a variant spelling of Eirik, and not as a feminine name. No documentation could be found in any source for Eirika as a feminine name prior to the 19th century.

While it is true that Old Norse sometimes forms female names from male names by adding an a, Eirik is not in the class of names for which this happens.





Stefan de Bâle. Device. Or, a serpent involved sable.

This conflicts with Conrad Breakring of Ascalon Argent, an annulet fracted on the dexter side sable., with one CD for the difference in the fields.


Tegan Rhos. Device. Per chevron sable and vair, a dragonfly argent.

This conflicts with Maighread Maire Draigdaimhalachd Per saltire azure and vert, a dragonfly tergiant displayed argent orbed Or. There is one CD for the change of field. Tegan’s dragonfly is forced to chief, as an argent charge cannot be on a half-argent field such as vair; therefore there is nothing for position.





Daibhidh MacRaibert. Name and device. Per pale sable and gules, in pale two natural dolphins that in chief naiant contourny argent that in base naiant inverted Or and two swords in chevron inverted argent.

The name is being returned for incorrect construction. While the LoI says: "Daibhidh MacRaibert: this is the form that was suggested by Laurel in the return of the original name submission, David de Robertson", this is incorrect. The form suggested in the LoI was Daibhidh MacRaibeirt. Since no documentation was presented for the variant form, and the submitter would not take any changes, this must be returned.

The armory is being returned for a redraw. The dolphins are not in annulo, but with one naiant and one inverted. We do not allow inverted animate charges in SCA heraldry except when in recognized orientation, such as in annulo.


Fritz der Klewer. Device. Quarterly Or and sable, in bend two wolves rampant respectant and in bend sinister two Maltese crosses, a bordure all counterchanged.

This is being returned for violating RfS XI.3.a. (appearance of marshalling) which states:

"Such fields may be used with identical charges over the entire field, or with complex lines of partition or charges overall that were not used for marshalling in period heraldry."

It has been held previously that a counterchanged bordure is not such a "charge overall".


Gerard le Bon d'Orleans. Device. Per fess wavy purpure and Or, three bezants one and two and a dolphin naiant counterchanged.

This conflicts with Selene Colfox Per fess rayonny sable and Or in pale three bezants one and two and a fox statant guardant to sinister sable marked argent. There is one CD for the field. Since only 1/4 of the charge group has changed (granted, in type, tincture and posture, but still only 1/4 of the charge group), no other CD can be obtained.



Kassandra Eymann. Name.

This is being returned for lack of documentation for Eymann. The LoI said

"Eymann - German - my grandmother's maiden name - many medieval German merchants took their names from the wares they sold. Ey or Ei = Egg Mann = man."

Brechenmacher's Etmologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen shows Aierman dated 1360 and Eygermenger dated 1357, meaning egg man and egg seller respectively. However, neither form is documentation for Eymann. Barring documentation that this form was used prior to 1600, it must be returned.

The armory was registered under the holding name Kassandra of Loch Salann.


One Thousand Eyes, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Iron Talon. (Fieldless) A talon erect sable maintaining an orb argent overall in saltire two swords inverted argent.

This is being returned because no miniature emblazon was included on the LoI.


One Thousand Eyes, Barony of. Name for the Order of the Peacock Key.

This is being returned for lack of documentation. No documentation was provided and none could be found for period order names in the form of <animal name> <implement>.

While the LoI did list a number of alternatives, only one item at a time may be submitted; Laurel does not deal with alternatives.


Proinnsias de Dragon Tigh-Osada. Name

According to the LoI, the name glosses to mean Francis of Dragon Inn, and the meaning of the name was the most important part. The name suffers from several problems. I quote Harpy's commentary:

"There are several problems with the byname, of various degrees of seriousness. The individual words in the byname do translate the words of the English original, however translation is not simply a matter of substituting words, and not even every grammatically correct phrase is reasonable as a byname in a given language (even if it may be reasonable in a different language).

De is a preposition that translates a number of senses for which of is used in English, but to the best of my knowledge, its use in Irish bynames seems restricted to translations of Latin/French de in English-origin surnames (see "de X" surnames in Woulfe).

Dragon may be a valid variant of the Irish borrowing of Latin dracon-, although I can't find this spelling specifically. The Modern Irish form is dragu/n; the Dictionary of the Irish Language shows various Medieval Irish forms: draic, drec, dracon, drecon. The genitive is similarly varied, appearing as dracon, draice, dracoin(e). Possibly of more use (for reasons discussed below) is the use of the derived form Drega/n or Dreaga/n as a masculine given name.

The compound Modern Irish teach-o/sta, Medieval Irish tech osda, tegh osta or tegh osda appears in the DIL meaning inn, hostelry. The first element is the ordinary Irish word for house, the second is a borrowing of hostel. The dative of the main element is Medieval Irish tig or taig; Modern Irish tigh, teigh, toigh. (Note that tigh is also a variant Modern Irish form of the nominative.)

A few of the problems are matters of Irish grammar and word-order. Irish places the modifier (Dragon) after the thing modified (Inn). In addition, if I am interpreting the intended meaning correctly (i.e., Inn of [a/the] Dragon), the modifier should be in the genitive (possessive) case. If the preposition de were appropriate in a construction of this type, it would require its object to be in the dative case. So a purely grammatical fix to the above byname would result in some variant of de Tig(h) Osta Dracon (to stick to the variants most similar to the submitted form -- although these are not necessarily the most typical of the variants).

However, while this could be interpreted as a phrase meaning from the Dragon('s) Inn, there are further problems with it as a historic Irish byname or even simply the name of a building or settlement. Locative bynames, while not completely unheard of in Irish, are quite rare in the available records. When they do occur, normally they are formed by using either a genitive form of the place-name, or an adjectival form (particularly in the case of regions or territories), and not with a prepositional phrase of this sort. A genitive form of this byname would be some variant of Tige Osta Dracon. This would appear to be the minimal level of modification to produce a registerable byname from the submitted material.

Secondarily, there is the question of whether Dragon Inn is a reasonable period Irish construction. Hogan's dictionary of Irish place-names (Onomasticon Goedelicum) provides extremely few examples of settlement names based on mythical creatures, although one of those few is Loch Be/l Drecon (Dragon's Mouth Lake). The largest single category of modifiers for Irish place-names is personal names. So if the desire is simply for a place-name based on dragon, in an Irish context, doing this via the given name Dreaga/n would be much preferable.

Although there are many names based on tech (house), there are none based on tech osta or on osta alone. Despite the appearance of tech osta in at least late-period Irish sources, it isn't clear whether it represents a concept native to Irish culture of the time (i.e., something that one could be from) as opposed to a word used for a foreign concept. However there is good evidence at least in the earlier medieval period for a native Irish concept with certain parallels, the bruidhen (hostel or guest-house), which was operated as part of the socio-political structure, rather than as an independent economic enterprise. The most typical name for this type of establishment (see Hogan) is of the form so-and-so's hostel, so a construction along the lines of Bruidhen Dreaga/in would be quite in line with existing period Irish settlement names, while still preserving the general sense of the type of settlement and the linguistic root of the modifier (although the literal meaning is Dregan's Hostel rather than Dragon Hostel). As a genitive byname, this would be Bruidhne Drega/in.

While Bruiden Drega/in would be very reasonable as a period Irish place-name, there still remains the problem that locative bynames are very atypical in Irish.

The armory was registered under the holding name Agnes of One Thousand Eyes.


William Wilde. Badge. (Fieldless) A rose sable jessant-de-lys argent

This is being returned because no miniature emblazon was included on the LoI. Even if the miniature had been included this would have to have been returned. You cannot have an item jessant-de-lys if it doesn't have a mouth. If the submission is considered to be (Fieldless) A fleur-de-lys argent overall a rose sable,, it breaks our rules on fieldless style.


Yin Mei Li. Device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, an octofoil within eight octofoils in annulo all conjoined and counterchanged.

This is being returned for breaking our style rules by having the same charge as both a primary and a secondary charge.


Yin Mei Li. Badge. (Fieldless) An octofoil per bend sinister azure and argent.

This conflicts with the tinctureless mon of the Emperor of Japan (Tinctureless) A chrysanthemum. There is one CD for tinctureless, but that is the only difference.





Kale' Laskarina Sarantene. Device. Vert, two chevronels braced between three mullets of six points, the bottom point wavy, in chief a crescent Or.

According to the submitter, the unusual mullet is found on the arms of Cachia, though she gives no documentation for this, nor for that having been used in period. According to al-Jamal "Looking at the arms of Cachia in An Illustrated Collection of Coats of Arms of Maltese Families by Charles A. Gauci, p. 34, the "comets" on this submission are not the comets on those arms. The charges there consist of a mullet of six points, with a "ray" issuing from behind the quite clearly drawn and visible bottommost point of each of the mullets."

We currently give a CD between a mullet and an estoile. This blurs the line between the two of them. Barring documentation that a charge as submitted was used in period, this must be returned.





Cormac Tobin. Name and device. Vert, a winged dexter foot contourny bendwise, a bordure embattled argent.

This is being returned for a redraw. As drawn it is not in any recognizable heraldic position. A normal foot has the sole horizontal; the overall angle of this one is closer to bendwise, but the angle of the toes and ankle is entirely wrong for that posture. This falls afoul of RfS VII.7.b. (Reconstruction Requirement): "Elements must be reconstructible in a recognizable form from a competent blazon. Any element used in Society armory must be describable in standard heraldic terms so that a competent heraldic artist can reproduce the armory solely from the blazon. Elements that cannot be described in such a way that the depiction of the armory will remain consistent may not be used...."


John O'Bryan. Name and device. Quarterly Or and gules, an eagle displayed argent between four crescents counterchanged.

Withdrawn by the submissions herald.


Lisette de Lisle. Name.

This is being returned for lack of documentation for Lisette as a given name in period. The only documentation we could find for its use is as a surname. All SCA given names must be documentable as having been used as a given name by a human being in our period.

The armory was registered under the holding name Elizabeth de Lisle.


Saint Georges, Canton of. Device. Or, a stag's head erased gules within a laurel wreath vert, in base three barrulets wavy azure.

This is being returned for lack of petition for the device. The enclosed petition only showed support for a name, and not for a device.





Rudolf Wimmer zu Nesselburg. Badge. Azure, two bones in saltire surmounted by a skull argent with a bird perched in the dexter eye-hole and pecking at the sinister eyehole sable, a bordure erminois.

This is being returned for breaking our style rules. The posture of the bird must be drawn very carefully (and very nearly unblazonably: it appears to be close contourné bendwise, mostly) to avoid the problem of contrast against the field. As the rules clearly state, "Armorial designs requiring such careful placement or specific charge sizes to ‘work’ or to avoid contrast problems have been returned in the past as not being period style."


Sigismund Jaeger. Badge. (Fieldless) A heart per fess embattled azure and argent.

Since a heart is a standard shape for heraldic display, for purposes of conflict this is considered to be (Fieldless) Per fess embattled azure and argent., and so conflicts with Grey Gargoyles, College of the Per fess embattled azure and argent, masoned azure., with one CD for changing the tincture of half the field.


Vidar Oxenstierna. Device. Gules, an ox's head cabossed, a bordure argent.

This conflicts with the Shire of Stierbach Gules, a bull's head cabossed within a bordure embattled argent. There is a CD for the removal of the complex line from the bordure, but nothing between an ox’s head and a bull’s head.





Cainnear Rúad. Device. Gules, on a pale Or between in chief two flames proper, a dragon's head couped gules.

This is being returned for a redraw. As drawn the flames are gules, fimbriated Or, which is disallowed. We suggest making the flames entirely Or.





Caedmon of Jorvik. Device. Per pale indented gules and azure, a gryphon rampant Or between two swords argent, a bordure Or.

This is being returned for violating RfS VII.3 Armorial Indentifability, by having the gryphon overlie the indented line of division, when both halves of the field are of the same tincture class.


Caitlin Davidson. Device. Per saltire vert and sable, a saltire argent, overall a rose argent barbed vert.

This is being returned for unidentifability. The argent rose overlapping the argent saltire makes the saltire unidentifiable. Making either the rose or the saltire Or would take care of this problem.


Eleanor of Shrewsbury. Device. Azure, a double-bitted axe argent.

This conflicts with the Barony of Citadel of the Southern Pass Azure, a double bitted axe argent between two piles inverted Or., with one difference for the addition of the piles. Geoffrey of Clan Fergus Azure, an axe, head to sinister argent and a gore sinister Or. We give no difference between double and single-bitted axes, so there is only one CD for the gore. This also conflicts with Timmeke Haakonson of Nordheim Per fess gules and sable, a double-bitted axe argent., with one CD for the field.


Paraskova Chemislava. Device. Per chevron inverted dovetailed vert and Or, in chief a sun Or.

This conflicts with Wendryn Townsend Azure, a sun in glory Or., and Paul of Sunriver Azure, a compass star Or. There is one CD for the field, but the move of the sun to chief is forced by the field and there is no additional difference for it. In addition it conflicts with a badge of the Kingdom of Ansteorra (Tinctureless) A mullet of five greater and lesser points distilling gouttes. There is one CD for tincturelessness, and nothing for a move to chief vs. a fieldless badge (where position on the field is meaningless.)

Please advise the submitter when he resubmits that a per chevron inverted field should not come from the corners of the shield, and that dovetailing need to be deeper.


Rayne Moyra O’ Ciaragain. Device. Per chevron argent and vert, in chevron three cinquefoils sable and a beehive Or.

This is being returned for a redraw. As drawn the charges in chief are not recognizably cinquefoils or any other charge. They need to be either redrawn, or documentation for use of charges that look like that in period heraldry must be provided.


Thora Wolfromsdochter. Badge. (Fieldless) A satyr rampant proper, crinned sable, maintaining a bow drawn, marked proper.

This conflicts with Marta as-tu Mika-Misliwy Per chevron vert and Or, in base a satyr dancing and piping proper. There is one CD for fieldlessness but nothing for location in a fieldless badge. There is nothing for the posture of the satyr and there is none for the maintained objects.





Alan Fairfax Aluricson. Device change. Bendy sinister gules and Or, a canton sable.

No paperwork was received for this submission.


Alan Fairfax Aluricson. Augmentation of Arms. Bendy sinister gules and Or, on a canton sable an annulet Or.

Since the unaugmented device was returned, we must return the augmented version as well. Note that this does not match the submitter’s current device.


Andelcrag, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Salient Hart. (Fieldless) On a hart salient Or, two lightning bolts in cross sable.

This is being returned for conflict and a redraw. This conflicts with Montvale, Shire of, (Fieldless) A stag springing Or charged with an ermine spot sable. There is one difference for fieldlessness, but nothing for change of type only; the cross of lightning bolts is considered one charge.

Even if there had not been a conflict, this would have been returned for a redraw. The stag is not salient, but forcené, a position that we do not allow in SCA heraldry, and the cross of lightning bolts is not truly a cross, but somewhere between a cross and a saltire.


Aylwin Thoraldson. Device. Per chevron azure and sable, in chief a Celtic cross and in base in fess a decrescent and increscent argent.

This conflicts with Wilhelm von Schlussel (for Unserheim) Azure, a key fesswise a decrescent and an increscent, one and two argent. There is one CD for the field, but not one for changing one of three charges in a non-standard arrangement.


Gunther Friedrich von Bodenheim. Device. Lozengy azure and argent, a lion’s head cabossed gules.

This conflicts with Khaalid al-Jaraad, Lozengy erminois and pean, a Bengal tiger’s head cabossed gules., as cited in the LoI. RfS X.IV.e states A charge not used in period armory will be considered different in type if its shape in normal depiction is significantly different. This means a lion would not be clearly different from a puma." The shape of a tiger is as much like a lion as the shape of a puma, hence (if the Bengal tiger isn't used in period heraldry) no difference is given.


Gwilliam Rhydderich of Essex. Device. Argent, on a Latin cross sable a dagger inverted argent hilted, quilloned and pommeled gules, a bordure per pale gules and sable.

This is being returned for violating our rules on tincture. The dagger is over half gules, making it color on color.


James Maccorquodill. Device. Argent, issuant from a torse nowed five times Or and gules, a demi-stag gules.

This is being returned for lack of mini-emblazon on the LoI, and no paperwork for the armory.


Johann Deri. Name.

This is being returned for lack of documentation for the byname Deri. No documentation was provided and none could be found for it being used in period.


Meadhbh ni Bhriain. Badge. Purpure, a dexter arm embowed fesswise reversed argent maintaining a bag erminois.

This conflicts with Cecilia Warvic de Stradforde, Purpure, a dexter arm fesswise embowed reversed argent sustaining a jester’s bauble Or, skull argent, capped per pale ermine and Or. There is one CD for the removal of the jester's bauble, but nothing for the maintained bag.


Vivienne du Lac. Name.

This conflicts with The Lady of the Lake, whose given name in much Arthuriana is Viviane.





al-Barran, Barony of. Order name for Order of the Watch and Ward.

This is being returned for lack of documentation for the Order name. Watch and Ward is a conceptual term, denoting a particular type of feudal service. It cannot be considered in any way as a synonym for a sentinel. Naming patterns for medieval orders used physical objects, not abstractions.


Leonore of Black Diamond. Device. Azure, a boot Or.

This conflicts with Pascal Foljambe Azure, a leg couped Or. We grant no difference between a leg and a boot, so there is no countable difference. It also conflicts with Eveline of Shoreham, as cited in the LoI, Azure, a slipper bendwise sinister Or., with one CD for orientation.


The following items are pended to the June 1999 Laurel meeting.




Brocc Huntington. Device. Per pale sable and argent, on a bend sinister counterchanged Or and gules between two eagles each maintaining a sword counterchanged argent and sable, three fleurs-de-lys palewise counterchanged gules and Or.

The tinctures of the fleurs-de-lys were unclear in the original blazon.





Cana Mac an Abdadh. Device. Per bend azure and sable, a bend argent, overall a phoenix Or rising from flames gules.

The phoenix was blazoned as proper on the LoI.





Isabella Sharman. Device. Azure, a sexfoil and on a chief invected argent three sexfoils azure.

The tinctures of the sexfoil and chief were omitted from the LoI.


Rikharðr inn Vegandi Svannson. Device. Per bend embattled vert and Or, in chief two mullets in bend argent.

The LoI had the argent mullets as vert.





Sorcha inghean ui Aoilleacháin. Device. Per saltire gules and Or, two artist's brushes in saltire argent surmounted by a rose azure seeded Or.

The LoI had the brushes as azure.



Sorcha inghean ui Aoilleacháin. Device. Per saltire gules and Or, two artist's brushes in saltire argent surmounted by a rose azure seeded Or.

The LoI had the brushes as azure.



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