{\rtf1\ansi\deff0 {\fonttbl{\f0\fnil\fcharset0 Times New Roman;} } {\colortbl;}{\stylesheet{\s1 Heading 1;}{\s2 Heading 2;}{\s3 Heading 3;}{\s4 Heading 4;}{\s5 Heading 5;}{\s6 Heading 6;}{\s7 Heading 7;}{\s8 Heading 8;}{\s9 Heading 9;}} \deflang1024\notabind\facingp\hyphauto1\widowctrl \sectd\plain\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1080\margrsxn1080\margtsxn1080\margbsxn1080\headery0\footery0\pgndec\pgnrestart{\headerl\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {\fs16 ACCEPTANCES}\tab {\fs16 Page \chpgn of 27}\tab {\fs16 March 2004 LoAR}\par}{\footerl\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {}\tab {}\tab {}\par}{\headerr\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {\fs16 ACCEPTANCES}\tab {\fs16 Page \chpgn of 27}\tab {\fs16 March 2004 LoAR}\par}{\footerr\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {}\tab {}\tab {}\par}\pard\sl-180 {\*\bkmkstart ID_loar}{\*\bkmkend ID_loar}\b\fs18 THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \'c6THELMEARC\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Adriana vander Brugghe. \b0 Name change from Fiona Harpar and badge. (Fieldless) A furison sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i\ul O\ul0 driana vander Brugghe\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for Flanders and allowed minor changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Odriana\i0 was documented from Walraven van Nijmegen's article "Dutch Womens' Names before 1100" (http://www.geocities.com/Athens/1336/name1100vr.html). The byname \i vander Brugghe\i0 is dated to 1465 in Loveday Toddekyn's article "Flemish Names from Bruges" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/docs/bruges/). As submitted, the elements of this name had a weirdness for a temporal disparity of greater than 300 years. In that amount of time, most languages in our period evolved and changed to some degree. Therefore, a name authentic for pre-1100 would likely have at least minor changes to spelling of the byname. A name authentic for 1465 would likely have at least minor changes to the given name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In this case, the College found information regarding authentic forms of this given name appropriate for late period. The submitted given name \i Odriana\i0 was only found in Walraven's article (dated to pre-1100). The form \i Adriana\i0 is found dated to 1391-1428 in Guntram von Wolkenstein's article "Vlaamse Vrouwennamen" 'Dutch Women's Names' (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/guntram/vlaamse.htm). \i Adriana\i0 is also found dated to 1589 in Loveday's article cited above. As the form \i Odriana\i0 seems to have fallen out of use by the 15th C (the date for the submitted byname), we have changed the given name to the form \i Adriana\i0 in order to make this name temporally consistent for a single time period in Flanders in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Her previous name, \i Fiona Harpar\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nice badge!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b A\'edbell Sh\'falglas. \b0 Device. Azure, two bars wavy between three herons argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nice device!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ailis Linne. \b0 Alternate name Pagan Daysterre. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b \'c1ine inghean Riocaird. \b0 Name and device. Purpure, a swan naiant and on a chief argent three trees vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Alan the Strong. \b0 Name and device. Or, a plow vert and on a chief embattled sable three garbs Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This is the defining instance of a plow in the SCA. The plow is taken from a depiction in Neubecker's \i Heraldry: Sources, Symbols and Meaning\i0 , p. 139, which illustrates an armorially decorated table of the Tanner's Guild of Solothurn (dated to 1594). Note that the upright handle portion of the plow is palewise and to sinister. The remainder of the plow dips a bit (as is sensible for an item designed to dig into the earth) so its bottom edge is not quite fesswise but is slightly bendwise sinister. Presumably the handle is the charge's reference point, not the digging blades.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Annanias Fenne. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a moth displayed argent conjoined to a mount couped vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Aurenca Mouly. \b0 Alternate name Scolace de Broune. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Aurenca Mouly. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A horseshoe Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nice badge!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Aurenca Mouly. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A horseshoe sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 (Unsurprisingly) also a nice badge!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Aurenca Mouly. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) On a crescent gules a cross moline Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Beatrice de Winter. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Bevis of Sunderoak. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Brian of Leichester and Katryna Robyn. \b0 Joint badge. Per fess sable and argent, in chief a house and in base three roundels in fess counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The Letter of Intent did not note that this submission was a joint badge with Katryna Robin.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This is the first SCA registration of a house. It is shaped like a horizontal billet with a hip roof and a slightly sagging ridge beam. The door is arch-topped and is in the center of the fesswise billet, and there are two small arch-topped windows over the door, one to either side.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The depiction of the house is taken from Von Volborth's \i Heraldry, Customs, Rules and Styles\i0 , p. 54. Von Volborth does modern redrawings but has a good idea of period sensibilities. The illustration says that the arms are of the town of Dorfen, in Bavaria, and are derived from 14th C seals.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Houses are found, if infrequently, in period armory. In addition to the 14th C coat mentioned by Von Volborth, the \i Dictionary of British Arms\i0 gives a few examples of armory depicting a "house" or "hall." Unfortunately, no evidence was either presented or found showing a period depiction of a house as used in heraldry.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The LoAR of May 1998 indicates that the usual SCA procedures for the first registration of a charge are relaxed for architectural charges. While ordinarily a new charge documented solely from a modern redrawing (such as Von Volborth's) would not be registerable, this house meets the criteria set forth in the May 1998 LoAR for first registrations of \i architectural\i0 charges. This charge is clearly recognizable as some sort of a house, and houses were period charges. This is thus analogous to the May 1998 registration of a \i domed mosque of one minaret\i0 which stated:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 A question of reproducibility was raised in commentary in regards to this submission. Of particular relevance to this case are period heraldic depictions of buildings. There are, particularly in Continental heraldry, many coats incorporating everything from individual buildings up to entire cities. Even a casual examination of multiple sources will show that there was little regularity in depiction. The blazon for such charges is characteristically vague: "a church" or "a city". Clearly any variation in depiction is a matter of artistry, not heraldry.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 In this case, anyone viewing the emblazon will recognize the charge as a mosque. A competent heraldic artist may not produce this particular mosque, but will presumably produce a drawing which, again, the viewers will recognize. This situation is no different from period heraldic depictions of churches.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 This is a change to our normal policy of having the first registration of a charge not documented as having been used in period heraldry be the defining example of the charge. In this specific case, since the period usage of buildings varied so widely, we are comfortable with not having a defining example.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Bridget Walker. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Good name!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Carlo Gallucci. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A rooster vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This badge is clear of the badge of Hrefna in heppna \'deorgr\'edmsd\'f3ttir, \i (Fieldless) A raven vert\i0 . Per the Cover Letter to the November 2003 LoAR, there is substantial difference between a rooster (a "poultry-shaped" bird) and a raven (a "regular-shaped" bird) when both birds are in period postures and drawn correctly. The two badges are clear of conflict by RfS X.2.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This is also clear of conflict with a badge of Brian of Leichester, \i (Fieldless) A dodo close vert armed Or\i0 . The dodo is not a bird used in period heraldry, and its eligibility for RfS X.2 is thus determined on a case by case basis. Because RfS X.2 is not required to clear these two pieces of armory, we are declining to rule on the question of the dodo's eligibility for RfS X.2. There is one CD for fieldlessness, and a second CD under RfS X.4.e between a rooster and a dodo. While both the rooster and the dodo are heavy-bodied short-legged birds, the dodo lacks the distinctive tail, crest and wattles of a rooster.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ceara inghean Dubh\'e1in u\'ed Mh\'e1ille. \b0 Name change from holding name Ceara of \'c6thelmearc. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Dafydd MacNab. \b0 Name and device. Per fess embattled Or and vert, a pavilion vert and a dragon segreant Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Dafydd MacNab. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A dragon per bend sinister Or and vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Denise of the Debatable Lands. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale sable and vert, a pall inverted between two owls respectant and a crescent argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the name \i Tailesh\'edthe of the Greenwood\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Donnan the Solitary. \b0 Badge. Azure, two rapiers in saltire Or and overall a dogwood blossom argent seeded Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elizabeth Musard. \b0 Name and device. Ermine, three tygers rampant purpure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elizabeth Musard. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A fret couped sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Franz Belgrand die Mus. \b0 Device. Argent, a brown mouse rampant proper maintaining a sword sable and on a chief purpure a longbow argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We are glad to see a submission including a mouse, as it gives us an opportunity to modify, due to later developments, the statement in the December 2001 LoAR that "we've found no period examples of armory using mice or rats." We've found some now. The \i Stemmario Trivulziano\i0 , a 15th C Milanese armorial, has armory using both mice and rats. The arms of di Francavila on p. 150 and da Sorexina on p. 329 both include a mouse statant sable (blazoned in modern Italian by Carlo Maspoli as "sorcio"). The canting arms of di Topi on p. 354 also include a mouse (or rat) statant sable (modernly blazoned as "topo", which word can mean either rat or mouse). Canting rats (from the dialectical Italian "ratt" variant of the more common "ratto") may be found in the arms of Ratazi on p. 312, using a rat statant sable, and Ratanate on p. 308 using a rat rampant sable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Note that all these rats and mice are sable. There are no mice proper in Stemmario Trivulziano - although there are a number of other proper brown animate charges in this book including canting dormice. Dormice are distinctly visibly different from mice or rats, with bushy tails, and we do not believe that practices for dormice can necessarily be extended to practices for mice. We thus continue to uphold the Glossary of Terms entry in Table 3 stating that there is no default proper tincture for mice.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This leaves the question of whether a brown mouse proper should be allowed. As noted in the LoAR of August 1995 and upheld since then (including the extensive discussion in the Cover Letter for the March 2002 LoAR), "Animals which are frequently found as brown but also commonly appear in other tinctures in the natural world may be registered as a brown \{X\} proper (e. g., brown hound proper, brown horse proper)." Mice are commonly found in a brown tincture in the natural world, so brown mice proper may be registered.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ghalib al-Sami. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter requested authenticity for pre-11th C Persian. The submitted name, \i Ghalib al-Sami\i0 , is not a Persian name, though it is an authentic pre-11th C Arabic name. Siren observed "there were people with Arabic names living in Persia before the 11th century." Therefore, while this name is not an authentic pre-11th C Persian name, it is authentic for a person with an Arabic name living in pre-11th C Persia.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gideon Lydiard. \b0 Device. Vert, a cross moline and on a chief argent three torteaux. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Jean-Philippe Firmin d'Amiens. \b0 Device. Azure, a base Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Khadal Kober. \b0 Name and badge. (Fieldless) A mascle ploy\'e9 and overall in fess a bow reversed and a bow sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Konstantinos Akropolites. \b0 Name and device. Vert, a griffin sejant argent within an orle of fleurs-de-lys Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Good name!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Lothar H\'fcgelman. \b0 Device. Sable, three crampons argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nice device! Both the tinctures and the overall armorial design are very appropriate for the German name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mailagnas maqqas Dunaidonas. \b0 Name and device. Azure, a boar's head couped close and a chief argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b May Wynn. \b0 Device. Azure, on a fess embattled between three mullets of eight points argent a badger statant azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Michelina da Trento. \b0 Device. Azure, three cups and on a chief argent three fleurs-de-lys azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Miguel Flores. \b0 Device. Argent crusilly flory gules, a heron azure maintaining in its beak a fish gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b \'d3l\'e1fr \'deorvar\'f0arson. \b0 Device. Vert, a wolf statant ululant and on a chief embattled argent three dolphins azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Paul Spyke. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Rhydderch ap Erwin. \b0 Name and device. Per pale azure and vert, a sword inverted argent between a caravel sails furled and a castle triple-towered Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The byname \i ap Erwin\i0 does not violate RfS III.1.a, which requires lingual consistency. Though \i ap\i0 was documented as Welsh and \i Erwin\i0 was documented as English, evidence has been found of late period Welsh using English names in bynames that include \i ap\i0 or \i ferch\i0 . This issue has previously been addressed by the precedent:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Found on the LoI as \i Myfanwy ferch Gerallt\i0 , it was originally submitted as \i Myfanwy ap Gerald\i0 , and changed in kingdom because it was felt that the use of \i ap\i0 or \i ferch\i0 needed a Welsh name. However, late period Welsh used \i ap\i0 and \i ferch\i0 with English names, so we have restored the patronymic to the originally submitted form. (LoAR November 1998, p. 4).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As a result, the byname \i ap Erwin\i0 is registerable as a Welsh byname that incorporates an English name, which follows documented period practice.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Roana d'Evreux. \b0 Alternate name Sexi Lovechild. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Seth MacMichael. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A gorilla statant argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 A gorilla statant, as depicted in this badge, is found in his device (registered in February 2003). More discussion of the registerability of gorillas may be found in that LoAR.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Seth MacMichael. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A gorilla statant contourny argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 A gorilla statant contourny, as depicted in this badge, is found in his device (registered in February 2003).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tat'iana Kionova. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tigernach mac Cathail. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Torella Salviati. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Vlksha Iakovleva. \b0 Name and device. Gyronny argent and gules, a cross of Toulouse sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Wentlian Bekelert. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i\ul G\ul0 wen\ul l\ul0 lian Be\ul ddg\ul0 elert\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 1100-1300 Wales. Both the given name and the byname used standard modern spellings. The College of Arms was able to find spellings appropriate for her desired time.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Regarding the given name, the LoI stated:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 According to Tangwystyl's article, "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names," it is the second most popular feminine name and appears in spellings such as Wentlian, Wentlyan, Wentliana, and Wentlyana.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Regarding the byname, Siren said:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 "BEDDGELERT (Gwy) Bedkelerd (1269). Earliest record: Bekelert (1258). Meaning: from WELSH bedd 'grave' and a (probably Irish) personal name Celert or Cilert. Bethgelert, the 16th century spelling,..." From "WALES AT THE TIME OF THE TREATY OF MONTGOMERY IN 1267." (http://www.gwp.enta.net/waleshist.htm).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We have changed her name to the dated forms that are closest in sound to the submitted forms to meet her request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Zoe Akropolitina. \b0 Name and device. Vert, a griffin sejant Or within an orle of fleurs-de-lys argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b AN TIR\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Aine Paixdecoeur. \b0 Name and device. Or, a sperm whale naiant to sinister base sable between two bendlets wavy all between two roses vert seeded or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Alan Fletcher. \b0 Badge. Argent, two arrows in chevron sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the heads of the arrows more boldly.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Alan Fletcher. \b0 Badge. Sable, two arrows in chevron argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the heads of the arrows more boldly.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Alexander Kirkpatrick. \b0 Name and device. Azure estencely argent, a wolf rampant Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Listed on the LoI as \i Al\ul astair\ul0 Kirkpatrick\i0 , this name was submitted as \i Alast\ul a\ul0 r Kir\ul c\ul0 kpatrick\i0 and changed to follow documented spellings. The submitter requested authenticity for 1300-1500 Scottish and allowed any changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitted form of this name was Scots, a language closely related to English. (The form \i Alastair\i0 , used by Kingdom, is a Gaelic rather than Scots form.) All information found by the College showed that forms similar to \i Alastar\i0 only appeared in Scots in the second half of the 16th C. Dated Scots forms of this name that were found by the College include \i Allester\i0 , 1581 (Black s.n. MacEwan), \i Alester Modrell\i0 , 1596 (Black s.n. Motherwell), and \i Alister McWilliam McPhadrik\i0 , 1579 (Black s.n. MacKay). Additionally, Effric Neyn Ken\{gh\}ocht Mcherrald found examples of this name in her research:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 16th century (Inverness Records):\hyphpar0\par\pard\li1440\sl-180 Allister Dow in Abertarff 1562\hyphpar0\par\pard\li1440\sl-180 Allister Roy Mcken3ie 1562\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 During the submitter's desired time period, the form of this name in use in Scots was \i Alexander\i0 . For example, Black, s.n. Tod, dates \i Alexander Tode\i0 to 1467. As no evidence was found of any form of \i Alastar\i0 in use in Scots previous to the second half of the 16th C, we have changed the given name to \i Alexander\i0 in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 He has permission to conflict with a badge of Liriel Correll of Tuatha Keep, \i Azure, mulletty, a fox salient Or\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Berik of Wealdsmere. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale sable and gules, a pale embattled counter-embattled between two pawprints Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the name \i Berik of Sugdak\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Bran mac Conchobair. \b0 Device. Argent, a bend sinister cotised azure between two ravens sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Catarine Quhiting. \b0 Name and badge. Vert v\'eatu, a needle fesswise argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i\ul K\ul0 at\ul he\ul0 rine Quhiting\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 14th C Scottish and allowed minor changes. Talan Gywnek's article "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" dates the form \i Catarine\i0 to 1360. We have changed the given name to this form in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Cyneburh of Hartwood. \b0 Name and device. Per chevron sable and Or, a thistle counterchanged Or and vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Danescombe, Shire of. \b0 Device. Per chevron argent and Or, a yale rampant contourny and in base a laurel wreath gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Dun an Chalaidh, Shire of. \b0 Device. Per chevron azure and vert, a chevron embattled between two laurel wreaths and a lighthouse argent enflamed gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Durant Ramberti. \b0 Name and device. Purpure, a phoenix and in chief a chalice all within a bordure rayonny argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Listed on the LoI as \i Durant\ul e\ul0 Ramberti\i0 , this name was submitted as \i Duran\ul t\ul0 Ramberti \ul Caiaphas\i0\ul0 . The LoI explained the issues with the element \i Caiaphas\i0 :\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [T]he submitter's documentation for \i Caiaphas\i0 , and the total of what the CoH were able to locate, all indicated that the name belonged to a single Biblical figure before the time of Christ. As this name element could not be found to be combinable with an otherwise post 1300 Italian name, the element was dropped at kingdom.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The spelling of the given name was also changed to match the documentation.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 While \i Durante\i0 is a period Italian masculine given name, Siren found evidence for the form \i Durant\i0 in French:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 R&W (s.n. Durrand) dates to t. Henry II and Morlet Picardie dates . The combination is registerable with a weirdness for combining either English and Italian or French and Italian.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As the submitter did not request authenticity for a language, we have returned the given name to the form \i Durant\i0 based on the documentation found by Siren.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elisabeth Piper. \b0 Device change. Or, a unicorn couchant contourny purpure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Her previous device, \i Or, a unicorn counter-couchant purpure, overall a recorder palewise proper\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Emma La Blanche. \b0 Name and device. Quarterly vert and argent, a cross purpure and overall a sun in splendor Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Emma L\ul e\ul0 Blan\ul c\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested that her name be made authentic for a Norman woman. She also said that she cared about the meaning 'the white'.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The LoI documented the byname from Cateline de la Mor's article "Sixteenth Century Norman Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/norman16.html). However, this article gives forms found in a history book; we do not know the actual forms the names took in period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Marie-Th\'e9r\'e8se Morlet, in \i \'c9tude d'Anthroponymie Picarde\i0 , dates the masculine \i le Blanc\i0 and feminine \i la Blanche\i0 to 1363 and 1404 respectively. The form \i La Blanche\i0 is found in 1421 in Paris, in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's article "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/paris1423.html). As the submitter requested a byname meaning 'the white', we have changed to to the feminine form \i La Blanche\i0 to make this byname have her desired meaning while being authentic for Norman.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The surname \i Leblanc\i0 is a likely 16th C form. However, by then it would be a surname, not a descriptive byname indicating that the submitter is 'the white'.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the arms of the cross more narrowly, so that more of the sun may lie on the field.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Giovanna Vernaccia. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gr\'edmr Magn\'fasson. \b0 Name and device. Azure, a bear sejant erect and on a chief embattled argent three flames gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Jebe of Sugdak. \b0 Name and device. Or, a cross of Calatrava gules within an orle of lozenges bases to center sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Jebe\i0 is the name of a Mongol general who lived in the 13th century. The byname \i of Sugdak\i0 is a Lingua Anglica form of a locative byname which might have been found in Mongolian or Arabic, as the Arabic traveller Ibn Battuta describes his visit to the Mongol-controlled town, probably in 1332.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Kateline MacFarlane. \b0 Release of badge. (Fieldless) A throne argent, seat and back cushioned azure, thereon a skull argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Maderun verch Trahaern. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Ma\ul dr\ul0 un verch Trahae\ul a\ul0 rn\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 13th C Welsh.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Both the given name and the byname used standard modern spellings. Clarion noted that Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/welsh13.html) "lists a 13th century form of \i Madrun\i0 as \i Maderun\i0 and a 13th century form of \i Trahaearn\i0 as \i Trahaern\i0 , so \i Maderun verch Trahaern\i0 is a more authentic 13th century form of the name."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We have changed this name to the form suggested by Clarion in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b M\'e1irghr\'e9ad inghean Fhaol\'e1in. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A compass star per pale argent and azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Marguerite de Moseleia. \b0 Device. Or, a lion gules maintaining a sheaf of arrows inverted and on a chief sable three crosses couped Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Michael of Lancaster. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Morgaine Somerset. \b0 Device. Gules, on a chevron sable fimbriated three crosses of St. Brigid argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the chevron higher on the field.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mughain inghean Donnghaile. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Mughain \ul Brecc\ul0 inghean D\ul h\ul0 onnghaile\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 14th to 16th C Irish, allowed all changes, and noted that sound was most important to her.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \'d3 Corr\'e1in & Maguire (p. 140 s.n. Mugain) lists \i Mugain\i0 as the names of two women, one of whom is listed as a saint. Given that the other has a feast day, she is also most likely a saint. As \'d3 Corr\'e1in & Maguire mention no date for either of these women, they are most likely early figures. While we have no evidence of \i Mugain\i0 used as a given name in Gaelic except by saints, the name is registerable as a saint's name, though it is not authentic. (See the Cover Letter for the September 2001 LoAR for more details regarding the registerability of saints' names.) \i Mughain\i0 is the Early Modern Irish (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form of this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Brecc\i0 is found as the byname of two men who lived in the 7th C. No evidence was found that this byname was in use later. \i Brecc\i0 is an Old Irish (c. 700 to c. 900) form. The Early Modern Irish form of this word is \i Breac\i0 . This word is translated as 'freckled', but is often translated as 'speckled'. By the submitter's desired time period, \i breac\i0 is found most often in the phrase \i galar breac\i0 'smallpox'. During that time, the descriptive byname \i Ballach\i0 'freckled' was in use. Lacking evidence that \i Breac\i0 was used as a descriptive byname in the submitter's desired time period, we have dropped it from this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitted form of the byname \i inghean Dhonnghaile\i0 was not grammatically correct. In Gaelic, \i D\i0 does not lenite if the previous word ends in an \i n\i0 . Therefore, \i inghean \ul D\ul0 onnghaile\i0 is the grammatically correct form of this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Based on this information, \i Mughain inghean Donnghaile\i0 and \i Mughain Bhallach inghean Donnghaile\i0 are forms of this name that are partially authentic for 14th to 16th C Irish Gaelic. Lacking evidence that \i Mughain\i0 was used as a given name during this time period, these forms are not completely authentic. As the submitter indicated that sound was most important to her, we have registered this name as \i Mughain inghean Donnghaile\i0 rather than introducing a completely new element into the sound of this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Raffaella di Contino. \b0 Name and device. Argent, a sheaf of peacock feathers proper and on a chief sable two rapiers in saltire proper. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Ra\ul ph\ul0 aella di Contin\ul i\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested authenticity for mid-1400 to 1500 Venice and allowed any changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was presented and none was found to support a \i -ph-\i0 spelling of the given name in Italian, even modernly. Lacking such evidence, we have changed this to the undated feminine form \i Raffaella\i0 found in De Felice, \i Dizionario dei nomi Italiani\i0 (p. 311 s.n. Raffaelle).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No evidence was found that a feminine form of \i Raffaello\i0 was used in Italian in period. However, the documented examples of the masculine given name forms \i Raffaello\i0 and \i Raffaele\i0 , combined with the period examples of feminine names ending in \i -a\i0 sharing the same root as masculine names ending in \i -o\i0 , is sufficient to give the submitter the benefit regarding the plausibility of \i Raffaella\i0 in period. Lacking dated period examples of this given name, we were unable to make this name authentic for the submitter's requested time and culture.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitted byname \i di Contini\i0 was not grammatically correct. \i Contini\i0 is a genitive form. The corresponding nominative form, which would be used with \i di\i0 , is \i Contino\i0 . Therefore, grammatically correct forms of this name would be \i Raffaella Contini\i0 and \i Raffaella di Contino\i0 . As the second of these forms is closer to the submitted name, we have changed the name to that form in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Rand Hawkyns. \b0 Device change. Checky sable and argent, on a pile azure a chess rook argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His previous device, \i Per fess azure and checky sable and Or, in chief a chess rook argent\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Richard Touchet de la Croix. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Steinn Vikingsson. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Badge for the populace. (Fieldless) A trident gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nice badge!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A seahorse gules charged on the shoulder with an escutcheon argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A horseshoe inverted argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Badge (see RETURNS for Order name \'d3rd Seamair). (Fieldless) A quatrefoil saltirewise slipped Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Order name Order of the Bell and Chain and badge. (Fieldless) A chain in chevron inverted conjoined in pale with a hawk's bell Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Order name Order of the Silver Sea Urchin. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 While we have no documentation that \i Silver\i0 would have been used as an adjective in an order name in period, it has been ruled SCA-compatible for use in order and award names in a position where \i Golden\i0 would be appropriate (see the ruling for \i Award of the Silver Osprey\i0 registered by Atlantia in the May 2003 LoAR).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 It should be noted that the sea-urchin heraldic charge is a hedgehog with a fish's tail. Though no evidence was presented of its use as a period heraldic charge in this submission, it has been registered as recently as July 2003 and is, therefore, registerable in a heraldic title as an SCA registerable heraldic charge.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Badge (see RETURNS for order name Order of the Silver Seastar). (Fieldless) An estoile within and conjoined to an annulet engrailed on the inner edge argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The estoile was blazoned on the Letter of Intent as \i fesswise\i0 , which was presumably intended to describe the fact that the estoile does not have a point to chief. It is not necessary to blazon the exact orientation of either a mullet of six points or an estoile (which by default has six rays). The orientation of such charges appears to an artistic preference, not a heraldically significant choice. For example, in Iberian armory mullets of six points often do not have a point to chief, but in French armory they often do have a point to chief.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Badge (see RETURNS for Order name Ordo Musarum). (Fieldless) A gem ring argent gemmed gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Order name Ordo Famuli and badge. (Fieldless) A pair of hands appaumy wrists outwards maintaining between them a roundel argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Ordo \ul Primarius\ul0 Famul\ul aris\i0\ul0 , \i Primarius\i0 was documented from a Latin dictionary as meaning 'in the first rank'. No evidence was provided and none was found to support a word with this meaning in a period order name. Lacking such evidence, we have dropped this element as the submitters allow all changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Additionally, the grammar of this order name was incorrect. The form \i Famularis\i0 is an adjective, not a noun. Grammatically correct forms would be \i Ordo Famuli\i0 'Order of the Servant' and \i Ordo Famulorum\i0 'Order of the Servants'. As the desired meaning was given as 'Primary or Honored Servant', we have registered this name in the singular form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Badge (see RETURNS for Order name Ordo Primarius Hippocampus). (Fieldess) A seahorse within and conjoined to an annulet engrailed on the inner edge argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Heraldic title Red Trident Pursuivant. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Svana rau\'f0\'f8x. \b0 Name change from holding name Selena of Blatha an Oir. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Titus Antonius Archelaus. \b0 Release of badge. Gules, in pale a skull and a throne argent cushioned azure within a bordure argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tomas Alvarez. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Valentino da Siena. \b0 Device. Per pale sable and Or, in pale three labels couped counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b ANSTEORRA\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Aylwin Holbrook. \b0 Device. Purpure, on a cushion Or a domestic cat sejant guardant sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Brian \'d3 hUilliam. \b0 Name and device. Azure, on a fess between a harp and a harp reversed Or a shamrock fesswise vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Brian \ul \'f3\ul0 hUilliam\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for Irish and allowed any changes. In period records, the standard practice was to uppercase \i \'d3\i0 whenever any uppercase letters were included in the patronymic byname (as opposed to recording the name entirely in lowercase). We have made this change in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter not to draw the slip of the shamrock so disproportionately long.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Deirdre inghean mhic Fhionnain. \b0 Device. Gules, a chevron ermine and in base a cross crosslet fitchy Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Galiana de Baiona. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Hugh Killingbury. \b0 Device. Or, on a chevron gules between two boars combattant and a Maltese cross sable five fleurs-de-lys argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ian MacEwan. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Isolde von Wittenberg. \b0 Name and device. Azure, a pair of hounds counter-salient in saltire ermine within an orle argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Jacques Trahan. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Note: \i Trahan\i0 is his legal surname.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Jennette Makepays. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b John Coterel. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i John Co\ul tt\ul0 ere\ul ll\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 14th C English and allowed minor changes. Metron Ariston found that the submitted form of this name is an excellent 16th C name:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 There is no doubt that the name is period since we have the domestic inventory of a servant named \i John Cotterell\i0 from 1572 from the collection of Appleby inventories connected with wills. [...] [T]he submitter might be interested in the items his \i alter ego\i0 owned at in the late sixteenth century: "The trewe Inventorye of all the goodes and chattells latelye John Cotterell of Appleby deceased given & presed the nynth day of Januarye Anno domini 1572 by Richard Walker, Rychard Baker, Rychard Wryght and Rycharde Watthew inhabitants for that purpose as hereafter followeth: Imprimis Barlye and wheate prysed iii\'a3, Item pease & hey with some otes in ye barne xls, \i Imprimis\i0 Barlye and wheate prysed \'a3iii, Item pease & hay with some otes in ye barne xls, Item seven bordes and two bedsydes xxd, Item certayne tymber xiis, Item syxe shepe xviis, Item in redye monye xxd, item one cheste xxd, Item one roobe & a peare of hose iiiid, Item fower landes in the feld sowen with wynter corne xvis, Item the lease of the house iiii\'a3, Summa totalis xi\'a3 xxd". (A rather prosperous servant!!!)\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The single example of this name found by the College dated to the 14th C was in Bardsley (p. 208 s.n. Cotterell), which dates \i William Coterel\i0 to 1303. We have changed the byname to this form in order to make this name authentic for the submitter's desired time period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Lillias MacGuffin. \b0 Name and device. Per pale purpure and argent, a lily counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Linnet Pavatte. \b0 Name and device. Or, on a sun gules a lion passant Or and on a chief vert three lilies argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Note: \i Pavatte\i0 is her legal surname.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mea Giuliana Passavanti. \b0 Name and device. Azure, a dragonfly between two scarpes Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the lower scarpe more centrally on the field.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Rainald Slater. \b0 Device. Checky sable and argent, a duck and a bordure gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As noted in the November 2003 LoAR, "By examination of period armory, ducks and geese are close by default."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This does not conflict with Michael Batcok, \i Barry of four vert and argent, a dunghill cock and a bordure gules\i0 . Per the Cover Letter for the November 2003 LoAR, "swan-shaped" birds and "poultry-shaped" birds are eligible for X.2 (substantial) difference when they are drawn correctly and in period postures, which is the case in this armorial comparison.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tristan of Starlake. \b0 Device. Azure, on a bend sinister between two lions couchant guardant argent three Maltese crosses palewise gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Victoria MacEwan. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b ATLANTIA\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Clare Baskervyle. \b0 Name change from Pavla Dmitrovna. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Her previous name, \i Pavla Dmitrovna\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Danr Bjornsson. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) An arrow inverted winged argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Dubhghall B\'e0n. \b0 Device change. Purpure, a serpent erect tail nowed within a bordure argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His previous device, \i Argent, a thistle proper on a chief vert three Celtic crosses Or\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Edwin of Black Diamond. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Geoffrey Doune. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Geoffrey \ul of\ul0 Doune\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for "Southern Scotland 16th C" and allowed any changes. By the 16th C, a single given name and a single inherited surname was the standard practice in southern Scotland. Lacking evidence that a given name and literal byname (with no inherited surname) would have been used in this time and place, we have registered this name as \i Geoffrey Doune\i0 in order to make this name authentic for the submitter's desired time and location.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Giovanna Pandolfini. \b0 Name and device. Gules, three pomegranates slipped and leaved within an orle Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Good name!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Graham MacRobert. \b0 Name change from Graham of the Bright Hills. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His previous name, \i Graham of the Bright Hills\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gy\'dfel Spatz. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Gy\'dfel \ul die\ul0 Spa\ul c\ul0 z\i0 , the submitter allowed minor changes. The byname was intended to mean 'the sparrow'. The College of Arms was unable to find the submitted spelling as either a period or a modern form, but was able to find other forms of this byname dated to period. Red Hawk said, "[Brechenmacher] shows 1285, 1359, 1382 and 1467."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In German descriptive bynames, the article (such as \i die\i0 ) matches the gender of the word it modifies, not the gender of the person being described. Since \i Spatz\i0 is a masculine word, it cannot take the feminine article \i die\i0 , making the form \i die Spatz\i0 grammatically incorrect. Moreover, the College of Arms was unable to find evidence that an article was used either with this form, or with other bynames derived from birds. Therefore, we have dropped the article \i die\i0 , and changed the spelling of the byname to \i Spatz\i0 , the documented form closest in sound to the submitted form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Humfrey Matthew Lovett. \b0 Name and device (see RETURNS for badge). Per fess gules and azure, three fish-tailed demi-dogs Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The monsters were originally blazoned as \i sea-dogs\i0 . The period sea-dog is a quadrupedal monster. It does not follow the usual period method of forming sea-monsters from beasts (as is done with sea-lions or sea-horses), which is to conjoin a demi-beast with a fish's tail. In order to re-create this emblazon, we have blazoned the monsters in this submission as \i fish-tailed demi-dogs\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Jehan Yves de Chateau Thiery. \b0 Acceptance of badge transfer from Lochmere, Barony of. Or honeycombed sable, in fess a garb vert and a bunch of grapes slipped and leaved proper. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Julian Danois. \b0 Name and device. Per pale sable and argent, a bull's head caboshed counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Karchar the Blue-eyed. \b0 Device. Vert, three goblets and a chief embattled Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Karl Helweg. \b0 Badge. Per pale purpure and argent, two halberds in saltire blades to dexter counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Lochmere, Barony of. \b0 Transfer of badge to Jehan Yves de Chateau Thiery. Or honeycombed sable, in fess a garb vert and a bunch of grapes slipped and leaved proper. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Marie of Doune. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Miles Everis. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Good name!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Sudentorre, Canton of. \b0 Branch name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Sudento\ul r\ul0 , \ul Incipient\ul0 Canton of\i0 , we have dropped \i Incipient\i0 because the College does not track that status.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Sudentor\i0 was submitted as Middle English with the documentation:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Ekwall notes under Dunster a form Dunstore dated 1138. Under Haytor is noted Eofede torr dated 1323, both of which reference an entry torr, an Old English word meaning "High rock, peak, hill". Under Siddington appears Sudendune, dated to the Domesday book of 1066.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The Middle English Dictionary (Kurath and Kuhn, 1954) under tor notes a placename Torbiri dated 1271 and Blaketorre dated 1296.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 However, there are a couple of issues with the proposed form \i Sudentor\i0 . First, the example of \i Sudendune\i0 dated to the Domesday Book is Old English (or a Latinized form of an Old English placename). It is not Middle English.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Second, the cited examples of \i Dunstore\i0 and \i Eofede torr\i0 support \i -tore\i0 as the second element in a dithematic placename and \i torr\i0 as the second word in a two element placename. Neither supports \i -tor\i0 as a Middle English deuterotheme (second half) of a dithematic (two-element, one-word) placename.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As a result, the submitted form \i Sudentor\i0 is actually a mix of Old English and Middle English. RfS III.1.a requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase. Therefore, this name must be changed to a fully Old English or a fully Middle English form in order to be registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Ekwall (s.n. Siddington) dates the form \i Sudingdone\i0 to 1286, showing \i Suding-\i0 as a Middle English form of the earlier \i Suden-\i0 . Therefore, a fully Middle English form of this name would be \i Sudingtore\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Ekwall (s.n. Dunster) dates the form \i Torre\i0 to the Domesday Book. Therefore, \i Sudentorre\i0 would be a form of this name consistent for the language of the Domesday Book (mainly Latinized Old English).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Of these two forms, \i Sudentorre\i0 is closer than \i Sudingtore\i0 in sound and appearance to the submitted \i Sudentor\i0 . As the submitters allow minor changes, we have changed this name to the form \i Sudentorre\i0 in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tuathal \'d3 hAirt. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Tuathal \ul O'\ul0 hAirt\i0 , the byname combined the Anglicized Irish \i O'\i0 with the Gaelic \i hAirt\i0 and, so, violated RfS III.1.a, which requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase. As the submitter allows minor changes, we have changed this byname to the fully Gaelic form \i\ul \'d3 \ul0 hAirt\i0 in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b \'dalfhe\'f0inn \'der\'e1insson. \b0 Name change from Ulfhethinn Thr\'e1insson. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Listed on the LoI as \i \'dal\ul fe\ul0 \'f0inn \ul \'fe\ul0 r\'e1insson\i0 , both the submission form and the documentation showed \i \'dalf\ul h\ul0 e\'f0inn \ul \'de\ul0 r\'e1insson\i0 . We have made these corrections.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His previous name, \i Ulfhethinn Thr\'e1insson\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b CALONTIR\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Aeddan ap Cai. \b0 Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and azure, a bend sinister between a seahorse contourny and a hunting horn reversed Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Aeddan ap Cai \ul ap Llyr\i0\ul0 , the submitter allowed the final element to be dropped if needed for registration.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The registerability of \i Llyr\i0 has varied. It was prohibited in 1987:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Llyr does indeed appear in early Welsh genealogies, just as Mars appears in the early genealogies of Rome: he is the Welsh sea god and there is no doubt that the use of his name here will be interpreted as a claim to more than human descent. ... There can be no doubt that Llyr, as he appears in the Mabinogion is described sometimes in terms that would suit a Mabinogion mortal king, as is Beli, but it is equally clear that such heroes as Bran, son of Llyr and grandson of Beli, are not really considered as of wholly human descent. [Emrys ap Llyr, 12/87 LoAR, R-East]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 It was then registered without comment in 1996 and 1998, presumably on the basis of the \i Llyr ap Einion Yrth\i0 mentioned in the Letter of Intent.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Two men named \i Llyr\i0 are mentioned in Bartrum as legendary ancestors of saints and kings. The first is the \i Llyr\i0 of the Mabinogion, who is clearly superhuman and legendary. The second, \i Llyr ap Einion Yrth\i0 , is listed only as a remote ancestor of saints and early Welsh kings. As such, his name is also legendary. These were the only two examples found of the name \i Llyr\i0 . Therefore, \i Llyr\i0 , like names only found in these legendary contexts in Irish texts, is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b \'c6sa in kyrra. \b0 Name and device. Azure, five martlets in saltire Or between flaunches argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Listed on the LoI as \i \'c6sa in\ul n\ul0 kyrra\i0 , this name was submitted as \i \'c6sa inn kyrr\ul i\i0\ul0 . The element \i kyrri\i0 was changed at Kingdom to \i kyrra\i0 to put it into a feminine form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The article \i inn\i0 is a masculine form. We have changed it to the feminine \i in\i0 in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the martlets larger.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Appolonia Notburgen. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Appolonia \ul Rose\ul0 Notburgen\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for German and allowed any changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Appolonia\i0 and \i Notburgen\i0 were documented as German feminine given names dated to 1495. \i Rose\i0 is the submitter's modern middle name. It was also found as a feminine given name in English in period. Unmarked matronymic bynames (bynames formed from the mother's name) existed in German, but were rare. An example is found in Bahlow (p. 113 s.n. Elisabeth) which dates \i Dietrich Elisabet\i0 to 1289. As a result, this name may be considered to have the construction \i [German given name] [English given name] [German unmarked matronymic byname]\i0 . As such, it would be registerable. However, lacking any evidence that \i Rose\i0 was used in German in period, it would not be authentic for the submitter's requested culture. As the submitter allows any changes, we have dropped the element \i Rose\i0 in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b \'c1sa l\'fafa. \b0 Device. Per pale sable and azure, two roses slipped and leaved in chevron inverted and a wolf passant argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Bran the Dark. \b0 Device. Per pale gules and vert all semy of lit candles Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Bull Pitte, Shire of. \b0 Branch name and device. Azure, seven roundels two three and two argent, the centermost Or, and on a chief argent two laurel wreaths vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Shire of Bull P\ul y\ul0 t\ul t\i0\ul0 , the submission mixed the Old English \i pytt\i0 with the late period English \i Bull\i0 . This combination is not registerable, as it violates RfS III.1.a, which require linguistic consistency within a name phrase (such as a placename). Siren was able to suggest possible registerable forms:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 There are several placenames based on 'bull' or perhaps derived from a personal name , including c. 1200 (s.n. Bulbridge), DB (s.n. Bulcamp), Bulecote DB and 1236 (s.n. Bulcote), and 1178 (s.n. Bulmer). The spelling is unfortunately Old English, not Middle English. Most forms of placenames based on OE turn out as <-pet>, but is dated to II DM (s.n. Pett). That may support a c. 1066 . Short of that, a hypothetical late period is probably justifiable. There is a placename , spelled in 1286 and in 1316 (Ekwall s.n. Pitt). R&W (s.n. Pitt) date spellings with <-e->, <-u-> and <-i->. Examples of the last include 1225, 1294, and 1395. R&W (s.n. Bull) date to t. Henry III. So a place named on the estate of the Bull family might come to be known as .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As \i Bull Pitte\i0 is the closest plausible Middle English form to the submitted \i Bull Pytt\i0 , we have changed the submitted name to that form to register it.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 There was much commentary regarding the style of the device. The group of roundels is in a clearly blazonable (albeit not standard) heraldic arrangement. While it is one step from period style (a "weirdness") to tincture only one of these roundels differently from the others in the group, it is not so far from period style to be a bar to registration. Note the following precedent from the LoAR of September 2000:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [\i an octofoil within eight octofoils in annulo\i0 ] Size is not the only thing that determines a primary charge. We were unable to devise a way to describe arrangement of the charges in a way that did not imply that they were a primary charge surrounded by a secondary group. Such arrangements cannot use the same type of charge. The problem could be solved by arranging them in a diamond (1,2,3,2, and 1) or in a square (3,3, and 3).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In this September 2000 precedent, it was made clear that if the charges could be arranged so that they were clearly all in the same charge group, the design would be registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Catin of Edington. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Cyneswith of Lost Forest. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a mouse couchant vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 For information pertaining to the period use of mice in armory, please see the device submission for Franz Belgrand die Mus in the \'c6thelmearc section of the acceptances on this LoAR.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the name \i Cyneswith a b\'edth inghean Domnaill\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b David of Ravenswood. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ekaterina Zvyozdosamtseva. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A sea-lion gules tailed azure maintaining a sun Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gerard de Saint-Thomas. \b0 Device. Per bend azure and argent, a cross flory argent and an anchor vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gracye of Lokwode. \b0 Badge. Vert, on a pile inverted throughout Or three golpes one and two. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gregory Burrows. \b0 Name and device. Per fess Or and azure, a crow sable and three roses argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Gr\ul i\ul0 gory Burrows\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for the 15th to 16th C. While the spelling \i Grigory\i0 was in use in England in the 13th C, it seems to have fallen out of use after that time. We have therefore changed it to the later documented form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Inga aptrkemba. \b0 Name and device. Vairy in pale purpure and argent, on a pale purpure a dragon rampant argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Ing\ul i\ul0 aptrkemba\i0 , the submitter requested a feminine name and allowed any changes. \i Ingi\i0 is found in Geirr Bassi (p. 12) as a masculine given name. We have changed this to the feminine given name \i Inga\i0 (also found in Geirr Bassi, p. 12) in order to make this name feminine as requested by the submitter.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Iror of Crystal Mynes. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Gyronny sable and argent, three crescents inverted gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The crescents were blazoned as \i crescents pendant\i0 on the LoI but \i crescents inverted\i0 on the submission form. We have restored the submitter's preferred form. Both terms are acceptable for use in the S.C.A.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the name \i Iror the Insane\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Kaun Steinr\'f8\'f0arson. \b0 Name and device. Purpure, a Latin cross throughout and in chief two unicorn's heads erased respectant argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Kaun Steinr\'f8\'f0\ul s\ul0 son\i0 , the patronymic \i Steinr\'f8\'f0sson\i0 was not correctly formed. The patronymic byname formed from the masculine given name \i Steinr\'f8\'f0r\i0 is \i Steinr\'f8\'f0arson\i0 . We have made this correction.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the cross with wider arms.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mare Catrine Macleod. \b0 Name and device. Checky gules and argent, a viol between three horse's heads couped sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i M\ul \'e1i\ul0 re \ul Caitl\'edn\ul0 Macleod\i0 , there were several issues with this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was provided and none was found that the form \i Caitlin\i0 was used in period, though evidence was found of \i Caitl\'edn\i0 as a Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1700 to present) form. Lacking evidence that \i Caitlin\i0 is a plausible period form of this name, it is not registerable. The Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form of this name is \i Caitil\'edn\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name had two given names in Gaelic, which has long been reason for return. Dropping one of the given names would resolve this issue. However, dropping \i Caitl\'edn\i0 would result in the name \i M\'e1ire Macleod\i0 , which would conflict with \i Maura MacLeod\i0 (registered in September 2001). Dropping \i M\'e1ire\i0 (and replacing the post-period \i Caitl\'edn\i0 with the period form \i Caitil\'edn\i0 ) would result in the name \i Caitil\'edn Macleod\i0 , which would conflict with \i Caitlin MacLeod\i0 (registered in June 1989).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Members of the College offered a number of suggestions that may interest the submitter.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Fully Gaelic forms of this name that seem to be clear of conflict at this time are \i M\'e1ire inghean Le\'f3id\i0 and \i Caitil\'edn inghean Le\'f3id\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Siren pointed out Scots (a language closely related to English) forms of this name that would retain forms of both given names:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [...] a fully Scots name, like , which would have a single weirdness for the two names. is from Talan's "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records"; is an interpolated form (given , and ) from the same source. Both are 16th c. forms.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Of all of these changes, the Scots form \i Mare Catrine Macleod\i0 is the closest to the submitted form of this name. As the submitter allows major changes, we have modified this name to the Scots form suggested by Siren in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mathieu de la Croix. \b0 Name change from Mathieu la Croix. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His previous name, \i Mathieu la Croix\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Moira Dickson. \b0 Name and device. Vert, on a fess cotised between two cats couchant Or a cat couchant sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Nikon Vasileev. \b0 Name and device. Quarterly azure and Or, four coneys couchant counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ophelia le Lavender. \b0 Name and device. Or, an ounce rampant between three bunches of grapes purpure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Ophelia \ul L\ul0 e Lavender\ul e\i0\ul0 , there was some question regarding which forms of this byname would have been used in a woman's name in period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The form \i la Lavendere\i0 'the Laundress' would be the typical spelling used in a woman's name in 13th C England. Both \i l\ul a\i0\ul0 and \i Lavender\ul e\i0\ul0 are feminine forms. Reaney & Wilson (p. 273 s.n. Lavender) show an example of this byname in the name \i Ysabelle la Lauendere\i0 , which they date to 1253.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The corresponding masculine byname was \i l\ul e\ul0 Lavende\ul r\i0\ul0 . An example of this form may be found in Bardsley (p. 471 s.n. Launder) in the name \i Peter le Lavender\i0 , which he dates to 1273.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As the English language evolved, and byname usage also evolved, some variations are found, mainly in the forms bynames took when used in a woman's name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Documented examples include \i Ralf la Lavendere\i0 dated to 1268 in Reaney & Wilson (s.n. Lavender). This name shows a masculine given name with the feminine byname form \i la Lavendere\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Cecelia la Lavender\i0 is dated to 1273 in Bardsley (p. 471 s.n. Launder). This example shows the feminine particle \i la\i0 with the masculine form \i Lavender\i0 . Examples of a woman's given name combined with a masculine form of a byname were discussed in the December 2001 LoAR:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The question came up whether the particle \i le\i0 is appropriate in a woman's byname. Dr. D. A. Postles, "Lincolnshire Lay Subsidy Rolls" (http://www.le.ac.uk/elh/pot/lincscon.html), lists many women's bynames that include the particle \i la\i0 and some that include the particle \i le\i0 . These subsidy rolls date to 1332. Identified examples from the parish of Kesteven (village and line number are in parenthesis) include: \i Isabel le [sic] vescy\i0 (Welbourn, 1), \i Agnes le [sic] Palm[er]\i0 (Tallington, 2), \i Matilda le [sic] Schapman\i0 (Spanby, 1), \i Isabel le [sic] prouost'\i0 (Horbling, 13), \i Alice le [sic] Baker\i0 (Horbling, 16), \i Agnes le Hyrde\i0 (Horbling, 31), \i Alice le [sic] straunge\i0 (Colsterworth, 3), \i Matilda le [sic] Deye\i0 (Woolsthorpe [2nd], 13), \i Marg' le [sic] Bailyf'\i0 (Culverthorpe, 5), \i Quenilda le [sic] hyrde\i0 (Kirkby la Thorpe cum Laylthorp', 20), and \i Agnes le [sic] Wryth'\i0 (Wellingore, 8). Examples in the parish of Lindsey, village of Caenby, include: \i Alice le [sic] Couhird\i0 (line 3) and \i Avota le [sic] Couhird\i0 (line 12). [Eryngerd le Trewe, 12/2001 LoAR, A-Atlantia]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 These examples support a feminine given name combined with a byname that has a fully masculine form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 However, no support was found for combining the masculine article \i le\i0 in an otherwise feminine byname. Therefore, support was found for \i Ophelia \ul la\ul0 Lavendere\i0 (fully feminine byname form), \i Ophelia \ul l\ul0 e Lavende\ul r\i0\ul0 (fully masculine byname form), and \i Ophelia \ul la\ul0 Lavende\ul r\i0\ul0 (feminine article \i la\i0 , masculine form \i Lavender\i0 ), but no support was found for \i Ophelia \ul l\ul0 e Lavender\ul e\i0\ul0 (masculine article \i le\i0 , feminine form \i Lavendere\i0 ).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Of these options, \i Ophelia \ul l\ul0 e Lavende\ul r\i0\ul0 best retains the pronunciation that most modern English speakers would expect when seeing the submitted \i Le Lavendere\i0 . (In Middle English, the final \i e\i0 in \i Lavendere\i0 was not silent. Instead, it was pronounced approximately as a soft "eh" or "uh" sound.) As the submitter allows minor changes, we have changed this byname to the form \i le Lavender\i0 in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Otric von Mekelenborgh. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Otric von Me\ul ck\ul0 lenb\ul u\ul0 r\ul g\i0\ul0 , no documentation was presented and none was found that \i Mecklenburg\i0 is a plausible period spelling of this placename. Siren found that "Breckenmacher (s.n. Mecklenberg(er)) dates to 1387." We have changed the submitted byname to use the spelling of the location found by Siren in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Philippe du Rouchard. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b R\'e9beca la Chienne. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Sven of Vatavia. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per saltire gules and sable, a wolf's head erased contourny argent between in fess two keys wards to sinister chief Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the name \i Sven Gustav von Bremen\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Temair in Eich Gil. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Temair in \ul e\ul0 ich Gil\i0 , we have changed this byname to match the documentation.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b William Christopher Bainbridge. \b0 Device. Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a spider between three roses Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the spider larger in proportion to the roses.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Wolfram von N\'fcrnberg. \b0 Device. Or, a wolf rampant azure maintaining an archepiscopal staff sable within an orle of wolf's pawprints azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The archepiscopal staff is topped with a cross formy, as noted in Parker's \i A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry\i0 under "crosier".\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b DRACHENWALD\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \'c6tta Jansdatter. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ailbhe mac Bran\'e1in u\'ed Eidirsce\'f3il. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Listed on the LoI as \i Ail\ul b\ul0 e \ul M\ul0 ac Bran\'e1in u\'ed \ul Dri\ul0 sceoil\i0 , this name was submitted as \i Ailbe Mac Bran\'e1in u\ul a\ul0 Drisceoil\i0 , and the grammar was corrected at Kingdom. The submitter requested authenticity for 15th C Irish Gaelic and allowed minor changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Ailbe\i0 is a Middle Irish Gaelic (c. 900 to c. 1200) form of this name. The corresponding Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form is \i Ailb\ul h\ul0 e\i0 . This name has been used as both a masculine given name and as a feminine given name. There were a couple of early Irish male saints named \i Ailbe\i0 , including one who was a bishop or archbishop (d. 528-541 according to various Irish annals). However, Gaels during our period generally considered the names of prominent saints too holy to use as names for their children. This likely explains why the use of \i Ailbe\i0 as a masculine given name fell out of use long before the submitter's desired time period (though it was still used as a feminine given name in the 15th C).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Based on the registerability of saints' names (summarized in the Cover Letter for the September 2001 LoAR), the Early Modern Irish Gaelic form \i Ailbhe\i0 is registerable as a 15th C form of this masculine name. We have changed the submitted \i Ailbe\i0 to \i Ailbhe\i0 to make this name consistently Early Modern Irish Gaelic, which was used during the submitter's desired time period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The form \i \'d3 Drisce\'f3il\i0 is a corruption of the family name \i \'d3 hEidirsce\'f3il\i0 (Woulfe s.n. \'d3 Drisce\'f3il). There is some question as to whether this spelling change occurred during or after our period. The change is typical of the shift from Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) to Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1700 to present). The sound of the name c. 1600 (as heard by English speakers) can be found in the Anglicized Irish form \i O Driscole\i0 , dated to Elizabeth I-James I (Woulfe s.n. \'d3 Drisce\'f3il). However, no evidence was found of the use of the form \i \'d3 Drisce\'f3il\i0 , rather than \i \'d3 hEidirsce\'f3il\i0 , in Gaelic records dated within or near our period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The "Annals of the Four Masters", vol. 4, (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100005D/), shows examples of this family name in the listings for "F\'ednghin mac Mec Con mic F\'ednghin U\'ed Eidersceoil" (entry M1409.13) and "Mac Con Ua h-Eidirsceoil" (entry M1418.1). As these people lived during the submitter's desired time period of the 15th C, and the spellings used in the "Annals of the Four Masters" are generally appropriate for Early Modern Irish Gaelic (though this source is irregular regarding use of accents), which would have been used during the 15th C, we have lowercased \i mac\i0 and changed \i Drisce\'f3il\i0 to \i Eidirsce\'f3il\i0 in order to make this name partially authentic for the submitter's desired time period and language. Lacking evidence that \i Ailbhe\i0 was used as a masculine name in the 15th C, we were unable to make this name completely authentic.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Alessandra Morelli. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Anastasiia Praunfalk. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Arianwen ferch Arthur. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) An ounce sejant argent charged on the shoulder with three billets two and one azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Aulus Flavius Britannicus. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Cecilia de Conway. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Cristina Stolte. \b0 Name and device. Per bend azure and gules, a lynx couchant guardant and on a chief argent three fleurs-de-lys azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Drachenwald, Kingdom of. \b0 Badge for Academy of Defense. Or, a cross quarterly gules and sable and in dexter chief two rapiers in saltire sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Eir\'edkr genja. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elyana Karlsdotter. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Frederick de Cathcart. \b0 Name and device. Vert, three wyverns erect one and two argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter requested authenticity for 14th C Lowland Scots. As the College was unable to find any evidence that \i Frederick\i0 was used in Scotland during period, we were unable to make this name authentic for the submitter's requested language/culture.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gabriel von Hoheneck. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Marcus Eisenwald. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Marguerite Bouchard. \b0 Name and device. Vert semy of roses, a unicorn couchant contourny argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Maria of Nea Nikopolis. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Purpure, a tree eradicated and on a chief embattled Or three mullets of six points purpure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the nane \i Maria Tareija da Castanheira Noronha\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mevanwy Methig. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i M\ul yf\ul0 anwy Methig\i0 , the LoI provided a very useful summary of information and we thank them for it:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [The submitter] takes minor changes only, cares most about the meaning of the name. She thinks that Methig means doctor (she is a med student) and wants a female name authentic for Welsh language/culture.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The question was raised regarding whether the byname \i Methig\i0 needed to be lenited since it was being used in a woman's byname. Harpy provided information regarding an authentic form of this name:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 As noted in the documentation, and are found in the same source (my article on names from early 16th c. Chancery Proceedings) ["A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names", http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/welsh16.html], and both are Anglicized spellings. So the most compatible combination in terms of spelling would [...] be "Mevanwy Methig". But then we get into gender issues.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [...] I don't know that it would be plausible for a woman to use the byname meddyg "doctor, physician" in period. Occupational bynames were largely "real", and when women have them, they are normally occupations held by women -- and often specifically feminine forms of the occupational terms. Now, the Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru _does_ list a couple citations for the feminine "meddyges" (female physician) in the 15-16th century, but in every case the epithet is used metaphorically of the Virgin Mary.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [...] The easiest way to dodge the gender issue is to suppose that we're dealing with late period and a name transitioning to a fixed surname. Morgan & Morgan note some modern surnames in Wales of the form "Meddick" that appear to come from this origin, so this isn't entirely off the wall. As a fixed surname, the issue of women's bynames leniting also becomes moot, because that doesn't necessarily apply to fixed surnames (although it can, on occasion).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Based on this information, we have registered this name in the 16th C form \i Mevanwy Methig\i0 in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mickel Bi\'f6rnsson till Wargeg\'e5rden. \b0 Name and device. Azure, two arrows inverted in saltire Or barbed and on a chief embattled argent three wolf's paw prints azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Nichole d'Audrieu. \b0 Name and device. Per fess azure and vert, a fess wavy between in chief three mullets of six points one and two and in base a cat couchant guardant argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Orm of Drachenwald. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Gules, a comet head to base and a bordure Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the name \i Orm Udding\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Petronella Underhill. \b0 Name and device. Party of six pieces per fess nebuly azure and Or, three frets Or and three crabs azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Party of six pieces was found with more than one type of charge on the field - albeit infrequently. Gwynn-Jones' \i Art of Heraldry\i0 (p. 103) illustrates arms from c. 1558 that can be blazoned as \i Party of six pieces azure and Or, three roundels barry wavy two and one argent and vert and three lion's heads erased one and two gules\i0 . Anthony Wagner's \i Historic Heraldry of Britain\i0 gives the arms of Thomas Cromwell (d. 1540) as \i Party of six pieces Or and gules, three fleurs-de-lys azure and three pelicans Or\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No evidence has been either presented to, or found by, this office for party of six pieces with a complex per fess line (although we grant that we had limited research time, after our last meeting in office). A similar field was registered by Theodoric of Salt Keep in October 1996 without comment, \i Party of six pieces per fess nebuly gules and ermine, three anvils argent and three falcons close sable\i0 . The practice also seems a reasonable extension of the not-uncommon period design of quarterly with a complex per fess line. Party of six pieces with a complex per fess line of division seems, at worst, a single step from period practice (a "weirdness").\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Pierre l'Escot. \b0 Name (see PENDS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Good name!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Prothelaus Louvetier. \b0 Device change. Argent, a wolf's head erased contourny sable gorged of a ducal coronet Or all within a bordure vert platy. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The previous device, \i Argent, a wolf's head erased contourny sable a bordure vert platy\i0 , is retained as a badge.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Robert d'Audrieu. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Roland Grey. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tassilo von Rabennest. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A raven rising wings addorsed sable charged on the shoulder with a pearled coronet Or and maintaining a four-leafed clover slipped vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter is a court baron and thus entitled to use a coronet in his armory.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b EAST\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Fran\'e7ois le F\'e9roce. \b0 Device reblazon. Per chevron vert and argent, in chief a pair of wings argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The previous blazon, \i Per chevron vert and argent, in chief two wings addorsed argent\i0 , was subject to misinterpretation concerning the arrangement and posture of the wings.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b MIDDLE\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Alexandra Axstell of Mordaf. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i\ul Jocelyn\ul0 Alexandra Axst\ul a\ul0 ll of Morda\ul v\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested a female name and allowed any changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The documentation provided for the elements \i Jocelyn\i0 and \i Alexandra\i0 in the LoI was the statement that they were "listed at the Hundred Years War game site at ". This site is a particularly poor resource for our purposes and should be avoided.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In the case of the name \i Jocelyn\i0 , all evidence found by the College showed that this name was only used as a masculine given name in period. Lacking evidence that \i Jocelyn\i0 was used as a feminine given name in our period, it is not registerable as a feminine given name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was provided to support \i Axst\ul a\ul0 ll\i0 as a variant of the documented \i Axst\ul e\ul0 ll\i0 . Lacking such evidence, \i Axstall\i0 is not registerable. We have changed this element to the documented form \i Axstell\i0 in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was provided at all, either in the submission or in the LoI, for the element \i of Mordav\i0 . Black Pillar found that Ekwall (p. 330 s.n. Morda) dates the form \i Mordaf\i0 to 1295. As the submitter indicated that sound was most important to her, we have changed the submitted byname to use this form in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name combines a masculine given name, a feminine given name, an inherited surname, and a locative byname. The combination of the masculine and feminine given names is a problem:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 While cross-gender names have long been allowed in the SCA, mixed-gender names have not. This has a masculine given with a feminine given with a surname. [Cristall Madeleine Moore, 05/1995 LoAR, R-West]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Similarly, the submitted combination of \i Jocelyn Alexandra\i0 as given names is not registerable. As the submitter requested a feminine name, we have dropped the element \i Jocelyn\i0 in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Alienor de Corbie. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Asa Ulfsdottir. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Aveline de Longavilla. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Aveline de Long\ul ue\ul0 vill\ul e\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 12th to 13th C Anglo-Norman and allowed minor changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Regarding the submitted byname, the LoI stated only:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [de Longueville]~ town in Normandy, France.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This statement is not documentation for the submitted byname as it does not provide supporting evidence that \i Longueville\i0 is a location in Normandy, even modernly.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Several members of the College researched this byname in order to aid the submitter. They found that Reaney & Wilson (s.n. Longueville) date \i Henry de Longauilla\i0 to 1185, \i Henry de Longavill'\i0 to 1229, and \i Thomas de Longevill\i0 to 1336. Based on these examples, \i de Longavilla\i0 is a likely form for her desired time period. No evidence was found for a \i Longue-\i0 form before 1509 (Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Longueville).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We have changed the byname to the form \i de Longavilla\i0 in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Caitil\'edn inghean mhic Uidhir. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i\ul Muirne\ul0 Cai\ul tli\ul0 n \ul Maguire\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested authenticity for "Northern Ireland 1590" and allowed any changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As submitted, this name had a number of problems.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 First, this name had two given names in Gaelic, which has long been reason for return.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Second, the given name \i Muirne\i0 has been previously returned as being only a legendary name:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Unfortunately, \'d3 Corr\'e1in and Maguire, \i Irish Names\i0 , only cite \i Muirne\i0 as the mother of \i Finn mac Cumaill\i0 -- who, as they note under \i Finn\i0 , was really a Celtic god. The submitter might consider \i Muirenn\i0 instead; \'d3 Corr\'e1in and Maguire say it "was an extremely popular name in the early period". [Muirne inghean S\'e9amus \'d3 Corcra, 09/00, R-Atlantia]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Lacking evidence that \i Muirne\i0 was used by real people in period, it is not registerable. We have dropped this element in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Third, no documentation was provided and none was found that the form \i Caitlin\i0 was used in period, though evidence was found of \i Caitl\ul \'ed\ul0 n\i0 as a Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1700 to present) form. The Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form of this name is \i Caitil\'edn\i0 . Lacking evidence that \i Caitlin\i0 is a plausible period form of this name, it is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Fourth, no documentation was included in the submission supporting Maguire as a form of this name used in period. Woulfe (p. 427 s.n. Mag Uidhir) lists \i Maguire\i0 as a modern Anglicized Irish form of this name and dates the Anglicized Irish forms \i Maguier\i0 , \i M'Guier\i0 , \i M'Gwire\i0 , and \i M'Guiver\i0 to temp. Elizabeth I-James I.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As a result, the minimum changes necessary to make this name registerable would be to drop the element \i Muirne\i0 and change the remaining elements to use forms documented to period. These changes would result in the name \i Caitil\'edn Maguier\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter requested authenticity for "Northern Ireland 1590". As submitted, this name combines Gaelic given names with an Anglicized Irish byname. In Ireland, in our period, a woman's name would be recorded completely in Gaelic or completely in Anglicized Irish depending upon the language of the record in which her name was recorded. A fully Early Modern Irish Gaelic form of this name appropriate for 1590 would be \i Caitil\'edn inghean mhic Uidhir\i0 . The College was unable to find an Anglicized Irish example for the name \i Caitil\'edn\i0 . Therefore, we have changed this name to the fully Early Modern Irish form in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Crispin de La Rochefoucauld. \b0 Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and argent, a cross patonce argent and a bee sable marked Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b David de Longavilla. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i David de Long\ul ue\ul0 vill\ul e\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 12th to 13th C Anglo-Norman and allowed minor changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Regarding the submitted byname, the LoI stated only:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [de Longueville]~ town in Normandy, France.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This statement is not documentation for the submitted byname as it does not provide supporting evidence that \i Longueville\i0 is a location in Normandy, even modernly.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Several members of the College researched this byname in order to aid the submitter. They found that Reaney & Wilson (s.n. Longueville) date \i Henry de Longauilla\i0 to 1185, \i Henry de Longavill'\i0 to 1229, and \i Thomas de Longevill\i0 to 1336. Based on these examples, \i de Longavilla\i0 is a likely form for his desired time period. No evidence was found for a \i Longue-\i0 form before 1509 (Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Longueville).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We have changed the byname to the form \i de Longavilla\i0 in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elyn Enynigorman. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i\ul He\ul0 l\ul e\ul0 n \ul ni G\ul0 orman\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 14th C Irish and allowed minor changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 A number of members of the College provided information regarding forms of this name. Regarding the submitter's desired time and culture, Aryanhwy merch Catmael found that:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Tangwystyl's article "Fourteenth to Sixteenth Century Irish Names and Naming Practices" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/lateirish/) covers both names of Gaels in English or Latin contexts as well as names of Anglo-Normans in Ireland in English or Latin contexts. The Red Book of Ormond, from the 14th century, is in Latin written by an English speaker. The name is recorded once in an English context, and once in an Irish context and once in an English context. There is nothing like in this source. The article has one example of being contracted to in English. itself did not arise until the end of the 16th century.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Siren found Anglicized byname forms dated to the late 16th or early 17th C:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Woulfe (s.n. MacGorm\'e1in) dates and as well as (s.n. \'d3 Gorm\'e1in) to t. Elizabeth I/James I.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 These spellings shown in these Anglicized Irish forms are fairly consistent with spellings that show up for other bynames cited in Tangwystyl's "Red Book Of Ormond" article, noted by Aryanhwy above. The one difference is that the bynames cited in Tangwysytl's article usually have English forms that end in \i -an\i0 for renderings of Gaelic bynames that end in \i -\'e1n\i0 (as is the case with the Gaelic form of the submitted byname).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Based on all of this information, \i Elyn Enynigorman\i0 is the most likely form of this name for 14th C Ireland. We have changed the name to this form in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Emmeline la Flamenge. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Emmeline \ul de Flandre\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested authenticity for French (preferably 13th to 14th C) and allowed any changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitted byname \i de Flandre\i0 'of Flanders' was documented as a modern form. The College found that \i de Flandres\i0 would be the grammatically correct form in period. However, the information found by the College was of descriptions, rather than bynames. For example, Aryanhwy merch Catmael found that:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 In H. G\'e9raud, \i Paris sous Philippe-le-Bel d'apr\'e8s des documents originaux, et notamment d'apr\'e8s un manuscrit contenant le R\'f4le de la Taille impos\'e9e sur les habitants de Paris en 1292\i0 , Paris, 1837, p. 36, I find in the tax roll an entry for Robert Povre-Home, described as 'guardian to the count of Flanders'.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Based on this information, \i de Flandres\i0 is registerable, though it has not been shown to be an authentic byname for the submitter's desired time period and culture. The College found that bynames referring to large regions (including countries) were much more common as adjectival forms such as \i l'Alemant\i0 'the German' (G\'e9raud, p. 142, col. 2) rather than as \i of [placename]\i0 forms such as \i d'Alemaingne\i0 'of Germany' (G\'e9raud, p. 162, col. 1). G\'e9raud (p. 23, column 2) includes an example of a feminine form of a byname meaning 'the Fleming' (indicating Flanders) in the listing for \i Marguerite la Flamenge\i0 in the contents of the 1292 census of Paris.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Based on this example, we have changed the submitted byname to the form \i la Flamenge\i0 to make this name authentic for the submitter's requested time and culture.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gillian de Chyviot. \b0 Name and device. Argent, a fleece purpure and a chief rayonny sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gillian de Chyviot. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A fleece purpure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Giovanna Giovannelli. \b0 Name and device. Purpure, in pile three needles threaded and on a chief argent two branches vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Good name!\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The branches were originally blazoned as \i borage slipped\i0 . However, a borage flower, which is found frequently in period artwork, is a five-petalled flower with thin pointed petals and long sepals (barbs). These branches end in a group of small blue dots, which might be intended as a cluster of borage flowers but are unidentifiable as such. We have thus blazoned the charges on the chief as \i branches\i0 , as they are predominantly green stems with green leaves.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Hanne Cresse. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Han\ul s\ul0 Cresse\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for 13th C English and allowed any changes. \i Hans\i0 was documented as a German name. Aryanhwy merch Catmael was able to document the English given name \i Hanne\i0 saying "RW s.n. say that 'was a very common christian name in 13th-century Yorkshire', with mention of examples from the period 1274-97." We have therefore changed the name to the English form to meet his request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Isabella Claybrook. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Katerin ferch Gwenllian. \b0 Name and device (see RETURNS for badge). Quarterly argent and azure, on a lozenge sable between four roses counterchanged a phoenix argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Klaus von Eisenstein. \b0 Name and device. Counter vairy sable and argent, a monkey rampant regardant vert and in chief a cross crosslet fitchy Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Matheus Mac Eoin. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Listed on the LoI as \i Matheus \ul m\ul0 ac Eoin\i0 , this name was submitted as \i Matheus \ul M\ul0 a\ul cE\ul0 oin\i0 and changed at Kingdom to follow documented patronymic byname construction patterns.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In Gaelic during our period, articles (such as \i Mac\i0 ) found in patronymic-style bynames were indeed written as separate words from the patronym. However, capitalization of \i Mac\i0 in Gaelic bynames varied in period, though it was not completely random. (For more information, see "From Pelican: Capitalization of Gaelic Particles: \i mac\i0 versus \i Mac\i0 " found in the Cover Letter to the June 2002 LoAR.) In the case of this name, both \i Matheus Mac Eoin\i0 and \i Matheus mac Eoin\i0 are plausible forms. As the submitter did not request a particular meaning or form, we have returned the capitalization of \i Mac\i0 to the submitted form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Petyr of Turnbery. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Listed on the LoI as \i Pet\ul e\ul0 r of Turnber\ul r\ul0 y\i0 , this name was submitted as \i Pet\ul y\ul0 r of Turnberry\i0 . The given name was changed at Kingdom because the submitter requested authenticity for Scotland, and the submitted documentation did not support \i Petyr\i0 as a Scottish name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Boke was able to document \i Petir\i0 as a Scottish spelling: "Black s.n. has 1487." Siren was able to document that \i i\i0 and \i y\i0 are sometimes used interchangeably in Scotland:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Effric's "Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/) has a few names that exist with both <-i-> and <-y-> in the middle of names, including /, /, /, and /.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Given this evidence, \i Petyr\i0 is a plausible Scots name, and the name can be restored to its original form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 All the dated forms of the placename that the College could find, as well as those that appear on the LoI, have only a single \i r\i0 in \i -bery\i0 . We have, therefore, made that change.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Pierre de Montereau. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Racheel Dominique de Brienne. \b0 Device. Or, a lion rampant guardant sable and on a chief embattled azure an arrow Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This charge was originally blazoned as a \i panther\i0 , but it is neither a heraldic panther (as it lacks the appropriate incensing) nor a natural panther (as it has the elaborately tufted tail and legs of a heraldic lion, which would never be found on a natural panther). It is an appropriately stylized lion for much of the heraldry in the last two centuries of our period. While it has either a minimal or nonexistent mane, this lack of mane is common with heraldic lions in our period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ragna Eyverska. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Richard of Stokesley. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Rys Morgan Owen. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i R\ul h\ul0 ys Morgan Ow\ul ai\ul0 n\i0 , the submitter requested authenticity for late 16th C Wales. As submitted, this name used standard modern spellings. We have replaced them with documentary spellings dated to the mid to late 16th C in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Sabin Lorent Axstell of Mordaf. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Sabin Lor\ul and\ul0 Axst\ul a\ul0 ll of Morda\ul v\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested a male name and allowed any changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The documentation provided for the element \i Sabin\i0 in the LoI was the statement that they were "listed at the Hundred Years War game site at ". This site is a particularly poor resource for our purposes and should be avoided. As the College provided documentation from reliable sources for \i Sabin\i0 as an English given name in period, this element is registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The documentation provided for \i Lorand\i0 in the LoI was the statement: "[Lorand Lepes\} a duke or prince of Transylvania 1415-1438 found at ". Black Pillar found that the cited website listed \i Lorand\i0 in a Hungarian context:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 is documented from an article from the website for "The Proceedings of the Friesian School, Fourth Series", which is "a non-peer-reviewed electronic journal and archive of philosophy." The particular article the URL points to is "SUCCESSORS OF ROME: THE PERIPHERY OF FRANCIA, 445-Present, Kings of the Asturias, Navarre, Leon, Castile, Aragon, Portugal, Spain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland", which seems to be scholarly in nature and is concerned about names and languages. is mentioned in a sidebar titled, "Dukes or Princes of Transylvania, Hungarian Suzerainty."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nebuly found additional references to the person mentioned in the submitted website:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Giurescu (p418) lists the rulers of Transylvania from 1415 to 1438 as Nicolae Cs\'e1ki, Ladislau Cs\'e1ki, and Petru Cseh. [...]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Ah! So \i Lorand\i0 is supposed to be a \i Hungarian\i0 name, not Romanian. That helps enormously. K\'e1zm\'e9r (s.n. \i L\'e9pes\i0 ) cites a \i Lorandus\i0 Lepes several times in the early 15th century. Hajd\'fa (p65) derives the name from \i Roland\i0 . This still doesn't solve the linguistic combination problem, but at least the element \i Lorand\i0 can be documented to period Hungary.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was provided to support \i Axst\ul a\ul0 ll\i0 as a variant of the documented \i Axst\ul e\ul0 ll\i0 . Lacking such evidence, \i Axstall\i0 is not registerable. We have changed this element to the documented form \i Axstell\i0 in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was provided at all, either in the submission or in the LoI, for the element \i of Mordav\i0 . Black Pillar found that Ekwall (p. 330 s.n. Morda) dates the form \i Mordaf\i0 to 1295. As the submitter indicated that sound was most important to her, we have changed the submitted byname to use this form in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name includes a Hungarian masculine given name, \i Lorand\i0 , in an otherwise English name. Lacking evidence of significant contact between speakers of Hungarian and English in period, a name combining these languages is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter indicated that sound was most important to him. Colm Dubh's article "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html) lists \i Lorent de Tongues\i0 . As a name combining English and French is registerable, we have changed the Hungarian \i Lorand\i0 to the French \i Lorent\i0 to resolve the lingual combination issue in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Sunniva Etain Maclae. \b0 Device. Per pale azure and Or, a butterfly vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b NORTHSHIELD\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Elena de Barrasa. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter requested authenticity for 14th C Castillian Spain. As all of the documentation for this name is dated to the 15th C, we were unable to confirm that this name is authentic for the submitter's desired time period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Katerina Unru. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Kimotsuki Yurimoto. \b0 Device. Or, on a pall cotised azure a lizard Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Se\'e1n mac Conaill u\'ed Bhraon\'e1in. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Se\'e1n mac Conaill u\'ed \ul Br\ul0 aon\'e1in\i0 , lenition was missing from the final element. As Effric Neyn Ken\{gh\}ocht Mcherrald explains in her article "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/):\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The standard way to form a name using combined simple patronymic and Irish clan affiliation bynames for men is:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 mac u\'ed \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We have added the missing lenition.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b OUTLANDS\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Bella Porcellane. \b0 Name and device. Argent, a sprig of belladonna vert flowered purpure within a bordure purpure ermined argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Caleb Stewart. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elias Trier. \b0 Name and device. Per chevron throughout vert and Or, two eagles and a tower counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted as \i Elias \ul Treviranus\i0\ul0 , the submitter requested authenticity for German and allowed any changes. The LoI noted that he "cares most about the meaning ('A person from Trier') and the language/culture ('German')".\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The documentation provided for \i Treviranus\i0 on the LoI was:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Treviranus is found in the \ul Dictionary of German Names\ul0 (Edda Gentry transl.) by Bahlow on page 513, which lists "Treviranus: a person from Trier (name from the Celtic tribe, Treveri)".\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 It is important to note that this entry does not show use of \i Treviranus\i0 in period. The focus of Bahlow is to present information about German surnames over time. As a result, not all information in it is appropriate for our period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Clarion provided information about German locatives referring to Trier:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Bahlow, s.n. Treviranus, does list the name as meaning "a person from Trier." Under \i Trier\i0 , it lists a Heinrick Trier in 1345. Brechenmacher, s.n Teviranus, dates it to 1662 and, under \i Trier(er)\i0 , dates \i Tryerer\i0 in 1344. For authenticity, \i Trier\i0 or \i Tryerer\i0 would be the best, especially as \i Treviranus\i0 has not been documented in period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As no evidence was found of \i Treviranus\i0 used as a personal byname in period, we have changed this byname to the documented form \i Trier\i0 in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Fontaine dans Sable, Barony of. \b0 Heraldic title Black Fountain Pursuivant. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gabriel de Morland. \b0 Name (see RETURNS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Geoffrey fitz Robert. \b0 Device change. Quarterly azure and gules, a cross argent between four compass stars Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His previous device, \i Per fess azure and gules, mullety of eight [sic] Or, a bordure argent\i0 , is released.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Halla in heppna Kn\{o,\}rsd\'f3ttir. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Maria Theresa Sanchez Garcia. \b0 Name and device. Sable, a camel statant to sinister and in chief a crescent and on a base argent a fleur-de-lys sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter requested authenticity for 13th to 14th C Spain and allowed minor changes only. As submitted, it is an unusual but plausible 16th C name. No evidence has been found for double given names or for the combination of two patronymic surnames used in Spanish before the 15th C. As the submitter does not allow major changes, we could not alter the name to the form \i Maria Sanchez\i0 , which would be authentic for her desired time period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Marie Edeline. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Odile Balestra. \b0 Name and device. Quarterly azure and argent, two natural seahorses argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ormr bogsveigir. \b0 Name and device. Per fess counter-ermine and vert, a crescent inverted and a drawn bow fesswise nocked of an arrow Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This is not considered "slot-machine" heraldry in violation of RfS VIII.1.a under current precedent. The drawn bow nocked of an arrow Or are in a "standard, expected position" and are thus considered one charge for purposes of that rule:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [considering a strung bow and arrow along with another charge] The question was raised as to whether or not this is considered slot machine since it has three dissimilar charges in one group. While it is true that it has three charges, when a bow and arrow are in their standard, expected position they are considered one charge, just like a sword in a scabbard is considered one charge. It is only when they are separated, or put into non standard positions for their normal use, such as being crossed in saltire, that they become two separate charges. (LoAR April 1999 p. 6)\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Randal Carrick. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A carrot Or leaved vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Safya al-Mughanniya bint Ziyad al-Misri. \b0 Name (see PENDS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180\qc \i - Explicit littera accipendorum -\hyphpar0\par\sect\sectd\plain\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1080\margrsxn1080\margtsxn1080\margbsxn1080\headery0\footery0\pgndec{\headerl\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {\fs16 RETURNS}\tab {\fs16 Page \chpgn of 27}\tab {\fs16 March 2004 LoAR}\par}{\footerl\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {}\tab {}\tab {}\par}{\headerr\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {\fs16 RETURNS}\tab {\fs16 Page \chpgn of 27}\tab {\fs16 March 2004 LoAR}\par}{\footerr\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {}\tab {}\tab {}\par}\pard\sl-180 \b\fs18 THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \'c6THELMEARC\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Bridget Walker. \b0 Device. Per fess enarched azure and argent, in base a tree issuant from base sable and a chief wavy argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The basic design of this armory is unidentifiable. It is not visually clear whether the design is as blazoned above, or is something along the lines of \i Argent, a fess wavy on the upper edge and enarched on the lower edge azure and a tree issuant from base sable.\i0 We do not feel that redrawing the location of the per fess enarched line of division will materially aid the identifiability issue. In addition, the tree is not clearly identifiable as drawn, although that may be improved by redrawing.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Sophie Davenport. \b0 Device. Sable, a bend sinister gules fimbriated Or between two scorpions argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Kelson de la Croix, \i Sable, a bend sinister gules fimbriated argent, between a Latin cross and an olive branch bendwise sinister argent\i0 . There is one CD for changing the type of secondary charges. There is no difference for changing the tincture of the fimbriation.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 There is no additional difference for changing the posture or orientation of the secondary charge groups. Lions rampant and swords would not be considered to have comparable postures. Likewise, there is also no meaningful posture comparison between a scorpion tergiant and a branch. For more discussion of comparable postures, see the section of the Cover Letter to the July 2003 LoAR entitled "Clarification and Explication of Some Rulings on Posture."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tailesh\'edthe of the Greenwood. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name is being returned for lack of documentation of \i Tailesh\'edthe\i0 as a plausible Irish Gaelic feminine given name in period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Tailesh\'edthe\i0 was submitted as a constructed Irish Gaelic feminine given name combining \i Taile-\i0 , found in the feminine given name \i Tailefhlaith\i0 dated to 782 in \'d3 Corr\'e1in & Maguire (s.n. Tailefhlaith), and \i -sh\'edthe\i0 , found in the byname \i Mac Dhuibhsh\'edthe\i0 that Woulfe (s.n. Mac Dhuibhsh\'edthe) gives as meaning "the black-man of peace." The LoI also notes the feminine given name \i S\'edthmaith\i0 found in \'d3 Corr\'e1in & Maguire (s.n. S\'edthmaith) who derive this name "from \i s\'edth\i0 'peace.'".\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The major issue with this construction is that, as several members of the College noted, Gaelic names are not generally dithemic - composed of a protheme (in this case, the proposed \i Taile-\i0 ) and a deuterotheme (in this case, the proposed \i -sh\'edthe\i0 ). As a result, just because \i Taile-\i0 is shown to be the first portion of a name element and \i -sh\'edthe\i0 is shown to be the final portion of a name element, it does not mean that the combination \i Tailesh\'edthe\i0 'abundance of peace' is reasonable as a Gaelic name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The only confirmable example of \i Taile-\i0 used in a given name is the cited \i Tailefhlaith\i0 . No evidence was found of \i -sh\'edthe\i0 used as the second element in a dithematic Gaelic feminine given name. Additionally, no evidence was presented supporting a name meaning 'abundance of peace' as following documented constructions of Gaelic feminine given names. Lacking evidence addressing these issues, this name is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Additionally, \i Taile\i0 is Old Irish Gaelic (c. 700 to c. 900) form, while \i -sh\'edthe\i0 is an Early modern Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700). As a result, the submitted \i Tailesh\'edthe\i0 violates RfS III.1.a, which requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Her armory has been registered under the holding name \i Denise of the Debatable Lands\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b AN TIR\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Berik of Sugdak. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Berik\i0 was submitted under the Legal Name Allowance. However, no documentation was provided supporting \i Berik\i0 as the submitter's legal name. Lacking such support, this name is not registerable under that allowance.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Berik\i0 was also documented as a Hunnish name. However, there is no evidence for contact between the Huns and the part of central Asia where \i Sugdak\i0 is located. Barring that evidence, the combination cannot be allowed.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His armory is registered under the holding name \i Berik of Wealdsmere\i0 . As explained in the Cover Letter for the June 2002 LoAR (in the section entitled "From Laurel: Regarding Mundane Given Names Used to Create Holding Names"), use of \i Berik\i0 in his holding name does not grandfather this element for use in an SCA name, since no documentation was provided in this submission supporting \i Berik\i0 as his legal name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Geoffrey MacLean. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was presented and none was found that \i MacLean\i0 is a plausible period form. Black (p. 536 s.n. MacLean) dates a number of forms of this byname including those cited in the LoI:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The 14th and 15th century spellings that Black cites include M'Gilhon 1326, M'Gillon 1329, M'Gilleoin, 1485. M'Clane is found dated 1514 and Maklane is dated 1591.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 None of these forms support the spelling \i MacL\ul ean\i0\ul0 . Lacking evidence that \i MacLean\i0 is a plausible period form, it is not registerable. As the submitter allows no changes, we were unable to modify this name to a period form in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Maderun verch Trahaern. \b0 Device. Or, a dance vert and overall an urchin rampant gules. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The dance is largely obscured by the urchin, and the dancetty line is drawn very shallowly. As a result, the dance is not identifiable in this emblazon. This submission must be returned for violating RfS VIII.3, which states in pertinent part, "Identifiable elements may be rendered unidentifiable by ...being obscured by other elements of the design," in combination with RfS VII.7.a, which states in pertinent part, "Any charge, line of partition, or field treatment used in Society armory must be identifiable, in and of itself." It should be possible to address these stylistic issues by redrawing the armory.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mikael Drakelawe. \b0 Device. Argent, a bend engrailed gules and overall a dragon segreant all within a bordure sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The bend engrailed is so obscured by the overall dragon segreant that it is not identifiable. In addition, many of the dragon's identifying details (its head, foreclaws and tail) lie almost entirely on the low-contrast bend, which impairs the dragon's identifiability. This must therefore be returned under RfS VIII.3, which states in pertinent part, "Identifiable elements may be rendered unidentifiable by ... marginal contrast... or by being obscured by other elements of the design." It should be possible to address these stylistic issues by redrawing the armory.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Muireann O'Muirnea\{c.\}\'e1in. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name is being returned for having two weirdnesses: one for a lingual mix and one for temporal disparity. This name uses a given name that is dated no later than the 10th C and that has been ruled to be registerable only in its Old Irish Gaelic (c. 700 to c. 900) and Middle Irish Gaelic (c. 900 to c. 1200) form \i Muirenn\i0 . The submitted byname is dated no earlier than the 16th C and would be registerable in a woman's name in the feminine Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form \i inghean u\'ed Mhuirneach\'e1in\i0 . It has been previously ruled that the differences between Early Modern Irish Gaelic and Middle Irish Gaelic are sufficient that a name mixing these forms of Gaelic carries a weirdness. As the given name and the byname in this name are dated approximately 600 apart, there is a weirdness for temporal disparity of greater than 300 years. Therefore, this name has two weirdnesses and must be returned.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter requested authenticity for Irish and allowed any changes. There were a number of issues with this name. We have provided discussions of each of these issues below, for the submitter's consideration when she chooses a name for resubmission.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Muireann\i0 is an Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form. The corresponding Old Irish Gaelic (c. 700 to c. 900) and Middle Irish Gaelic (c. 900 to c. 1200) form of this name is \i Muirenn\i0 . \i Muirenn\i0 is found as the name of women who lived in the 7th through 10th centuries. No evidence has been found that any form of this name was used later than the 10th C. Lacking evidence that this name was used as a given name in Early Modern Gaelic, the form \i Muireann\i0 is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 There were several issues with the submitted byname \i O'Muirnea\{c.\}\'e1in\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The spelling \i O'Muirnea\{c.\}\'e1in\i0 combined the Anglicized Irish \i O'\i0 with an otherwise Gaelic name, violating RfS III.1.a, which requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This byname was documented from Woulfe (p. 622), which lists the header \i \'d3 Muirnea\{c.\}\'e1in\i0 where the notation \i \{c.\}\i0 represents a \i c\i0 with a "dot" over it. The "dot" over a letter in Gaelic is called a punctum delens. When Gaelic is being represented using the Roman alphabet, letters with the punctum delens are rendered with an appended \i h\i0 ; thus, \i c\i0 with a punctum delens becomes \i ch\i0 in standard transliteration. For registration purposes, we use this standard transliteration method.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This entry in Woulfe lists the Anglicized Irish form \i O Murnyghan\i0 to temp. Elizabeth I-James I. The College was unable to find any evidence that this name was used earlier. Therefore, \i \'d3 Muirneach\'e1in\i0 must be considered a 16th C byname.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Precedent requires that when a Gaelic byname is used, it agree in gender with the given name, since bynames were used literally in Gaelic. Since \i \'d3 Muirneach\'e1in\i0 is a masculine form, it cannot be registered with a feminine given name. The corresponding feminine form is \i inghean u\'ed Mhuirneach\'e1in\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Order name \'d3rd Seamair. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was presented and none was found that \i \'d3rd Seamair\i0 'Order of the Shamrock' is a plausible period order name in Gaelic. Specifically, no evidence was found that the construction 'Order of the [heraldic charge]' was used in Gaelic in period. Lacking such evidence, this order name is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Order name Order of the Silver Seastar. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name is being returned for non-period style. A seastar is another term for a starfish. The \i Order of the Starfish\i0 was recently returned with the explanation:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 This order name is being returned for non-period style. RfS III.2.b.ii, Names of Orders and Awards, states:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li2160\sl-180 Names of orders and awards must follow the patterns of the names of period orders and awards.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li2160\sl-180 These are often the names of saints; others are similar to sign names (see RfS III.2.a.iii). Some examples are: the \i Order of Saint Michael\i0 , the \i Order of Saint Maurice and Saint Lazarus\i0 , the \i Brethren of the Sword\i0 , the \i Order of the Garter\i0 , \i La Toison dOr\i0 (the \i Order of the Golden Fleece\i0 ), the \i Order of the Golden Rose\i0 , the \i Order of the Star\i0 , the \i Order of the Swan\i0 , \i La Orden de la Jara\i0 (the \i Knights of the Tankard\i0 ), the \i Order of Lilies\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 This order name does not follow the pattern of basing an order name on a heraldic charge. To follow that pattern, the charge in question must either be (1) documented as a period heraldic charge or (2) must have been ruled to be registerable as a charge within the S.C.A. In the case of a starfish, precedent specifically states that it is not a registerable charge:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li2160\sl-180 As originally blazoned, the mullet was blazoned as a starfish. Starfish have been reblazoned as mullets in the past:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li2880\sl-180 The starfish is not, to the best of our knowledge, a period heraldic charge; it seems to have started use in Victorian heraldry (Elvin, plate 32). [reblazoned as mullets, leaving internal markings as artistic license] (Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme, LoAR October 1992, p. 18).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li2160\sl-180 [Jaelle of Armida, LoAR December 1997, p. 6]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 RfS III.2.a.ii says that some order names were "similar to sign names". In those cases, both sign names and order names are formed using names of heraldic charges. Since there is evidence that a starfish was not a period heraldic charge, it is highly unlikely that it would be used in a period sign name. Lacking evidence that it is plausible as an element in a period sign name, it is not registerable in a sign name construction. [Aquaterra, Barony of, Order name Order of the Starfish, 09/2002 LoAR, R-An Tir]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The same problems present in the \i Order of the Starfish\i0 are present in the currently submitted \i Order of the Seastar\i0 . Lacking evidence that \i seastar\i0 is a plausible element in a period sign name, it is not registerable in a sign name construction.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Order name Ordo Musarum. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was presented and none was found that an order name meaning 'Order of the Muses' is a plausible order name in period. Lacking such evidence, this name is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The LoI cited the \i Order of the Seraphim\i0 found in Meradudd Cethin's article "Project Ordensnamen OR What do you mean that the Anceint[sic] and Venerable Order of the Most Holy and Righteous Wombat's Toenail isn't period?" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/). However, an order name referring to a group of angels found in Judeo-Christian religious context is significantly different from a group of demi-goddesses from ancient Greek mythology. As a result, the cited \i Order of the Seraphim\i0 does not support the submitted order name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Stromgard, Barony of. \b0 Order name Ordo Primarius Hippocampus. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Primarius\i0 was documented from a Latin dictionary as meaning 'in the first rank'. No evidence was provided and none was found to support a word with this meaning in a period order name. Lacking such evidence, \i Primarius\i0 is not registerable in an order name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As the submitters allow all changes, we would have dropped the element \i Primarius\i0 in order to register this name as \i Ordo Hippocampus\i0 . However, that name would conflict with \i Order of the Hippocampus\i0 , which was registered to Atlantia in April 1998.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b ANSTEORRA\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Dyan du Lac des Calandres. \b0 Badge. Gules, in fess a tassel Or between a decrescent and an increscent argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with a badge of Conrad von Regensburg, \i Gules semy of decrescents argent\i0 . In Conrad's arms, there is a single group of primary charges consisting of (six or more) evenly strewn argent decrescents. In Dyan's arms, there is a single group of primary charges consisting of one argent decrescent, an Or tassel, and an argent increscent. The LoAR of December 2003 gave a lengthy analysis of the way to count difference in a similar situation, where the charge group changed from a registered group of charges on the field consisting of \i six lions Or\i0 , to an in-submission charge group consisting of \i a lion and a tower Or\i0 . That analysis summarized the change as follows:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 It should be recalled that the SCA \b protects\b0 REGISTERED armory. Because of this, the SCA considers changes to have been made from the registered armory to the armory currently under submission, and has interpreted the Rules for Submission in the manner that gives the greatest protection to the registered armory, and allows the fewest possible differences for a change to armory. This implies a certain lack of symmetry to the ruling, because the interpretation of a change from "registered" to "considered" does not necessarily match the change from "considered" to "registered"...\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 In [this] case, the submitter is changing one of the lions into a castle, which leaves us with a charge group consisting of five lions and one castle. This change is to less than half of the charges in that group, so there is no CD under RfS X.4.e.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 After the change of the type (a lion into a castle), we apply the change to the number by removing all but one of the lions and the castle. Of six charges, we remove four of the lions, leaving a total of two charges in the group, which is a change from six to two. RfS X.4.f notes that two and six are signficantly different, and therefore, entitled to a CD.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In this case, we have changed the charge group on the field from \i [semy of] decrescents argent\i0 to \i a decrescent argent, an increscent argent, and a tassel Or\i0 . The strewn ("semy") charges are considered to be equivalent to any charge group with six or more charges for purposes of the rule for difference in the number of charges on the field (RfS X.4.f).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Thus, when changing Conrad's badge to Dyan's, we are changing one of the (six or more) argent decrescents into an argent increscent, and one of the (six or more) argent decrescents into an Or tassel, and leaving (four or more) of the argent decrescents as argent decrescents. The change in type of two of six (or more) charges (the single tassel and the single increscent) is a change to less than half of the charges in the group, so there is no CD under RfS X.4.e. The change in tincture to one in six (or more) charges (the tassel) is also a change to less than half the charges in the group, so there is no CD under RfS X.4.d.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 After the changes to type and tincture (six or more decrescents argent into four or more decrescents argent, one increscent argent, and one tassel Or), we then remove (three or more) of the decrescents, leaving a total of three charges, which is a change from six (or more) charges to three charges. RfS X.4.f notes that three and six are significantly different, and therefore entitled to a CD.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As a result, there is only one CD between these two pieces of armory, and they are therefore in conflict.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b ATLANTIA\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Edwin of Black Diamond. \b0 Device. Per pale Or and sable, a lozenge counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Erik Ziemann, \i Per pale Or and sable, a rustre counterchanged\i0 . There is just one CD per RfS X.4.e, for changing the rustre to a lozenge.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elizabeth Canynges the Ravenhaired. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A mullet Or surmounted by a natural panther sejant sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The cover letter with the November 1992 LoAR permitted overall charges in fieldless badges only if the area of overlap is small and all charges identifiable. Here the area of overlap is too large to allow registration of this badge.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Humfrey Matthew Lovett. \b0 Badge. Per pale azure and gules, a sword and in chief two phoenixes argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This badge was submitted on a device form, which is a reason for return in itself. The LoAR of October 2000 states "This badge was submitted on a device form instead of a badge form. Badges must be submitted on the badge form, although the submitter is free to display it on any shape she desires."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Siegfried Sebastian Faust. \b0 Device change. Azure, an uncocked crossbow argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Thomas Dolan Arbalister of Caerleon, \i Per pall vert, gules, and sable, a crossbow argent\i0 . There is one CD for changing the field. While we blazon the distinction between an uncocked crossbow and a default (cocked) crossbow, we do not give difference between them.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Sudentorre, Canton of. \b0 Device. Argent, an arched wooden double door inset into a stone archway proper and on a chief wavy azure a laurel wreath argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The \i Pictorial Dictionary\i0 states that "The door... may be inset into an arch or wall." This submission insets the door into a stone archway proper. Unfortunately the grey of stone proper (as defined in the SCA Glossary of terms) classes as a metal, and has insufficient contrast with the underlying argent field.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Note that the stone surrounding the door is, as drawn in this submission, an intermediate grey which has insufficient contrast with either argent or sable. This adds additional problems to the depiction, in that the stone proper is not drawn as a correct depiction of stone proper (which would class as a metal) but is not dark enough to be considered an artistic variant of sable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please advise the submitter to draw the chief wider and to draw the wavy line of division with greater amplitude.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b CALONTIR\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Appolonia Notburgen. \b0 Device. Argent, on a bend vert four bear pawprints argent and overall a bear statant sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We were at a loss on how to blazon this armory in a way which would clearly re-create the emblazon and would also be compatible with period armorial style. As blazoned, and based on our knowlege of overall charges in period armory, we would expect the four pawprints to be evenly placed on the bend, and thus, we would expect overall bear to obscure some of the four pawprints on the bend. However, all four pawprints are visible. It is not possible to blazon the bend with a larger number of pawprints, because there is enough of the bend showing in between the bear's limbs to show that there are no pawprints under the bear.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Cyneswith a b\'edth inghean Domnaill. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The element \i a b\'edth\i0 (which the LoI translated as 'the quiet') was documented only as words in Modern Gaelic. No evidence was provided that these words existed in Gaelic in period, or that they are plausible in a descriptive byname. Lacking such evidence, \i a b\'edth\i0 is not registerable as a descriptive byname in Gaelic. As the submitter only allows minor changes, we were unable to drop this element in order to register this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 There were two additional issues with this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The byname \i inghean Domnaill\i0 combines the Early Modern Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form \i inghean\i0 with the Middle Gaelic (c. 900 to c. 1200) form \i Domnaill\i0 and, so, violates RfS III.1.a, which requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase. The form \i ingen Domnaill\i0 is a fully Old Gaelic (c. 700 to c. 900) and Middle Gaelic (c. 900 to c. 1200) form. The form \i inghean Domhnaill\i0 is a fully Early Modern Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Cyneswith\i0 is an Old English feminine given name dated to 656. Old English and Gaelic is registerable with a weirdness (see the discussion for \i Eithne of Cantwaraburg\i0 , registered in August 2002). In order to avoid a second weirdness for a temporal disparity, the byname would need to be dated no later than 300 years after the date for \i Cyneswith\i0 . \'d3 Corr\'e1in & Maguire (p. 85 s.n. Eithne) give \i Eithne\i0 as the name of a woman who died in 795 and who was the daughter of "Domnall Mide, the high-king". This reference supports \i Domnall\i0 as a mid to late 8th C name, less than 300 years after the date for \i Cyneswith\i0 . Therefore, the name \i Cyneswith ingen Domnaill\i0 would be registerable with a single weirdness for combining Old English and Old Gaelic in a name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Her armory has been registered under the holding name \i Cyneswith of Lost Forest\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b David of Ravenswood. \b0 Device. Per chevron vert and sable, a stag's head erased affronty argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As noted in the LoAR of March 2003 regarding a similar design, "Conflict with Aengus mac Coll, \i Vert, a stag's head cabossed argent, orbed and attired of flames proper, resting on its head a chalice Or.\i0 There is one CD for changing the field... There is no difference between a head cabossed and a head erased affronty. There is also no difference for removing the small maintained chalice on the stag's head in Aengus' device, nor is there a CD for changing the tincture of the attires, which are less than half the tincture of the stag's head."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please also advise the submitter to draw the erasures more boldly. This depiction is borderline and may be reason for return. See the Cover Letter to the LoAR of November 2001 for a discussion of period ways to draw erased heads.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elena Wood. \b0 Name (see PENDS for device). \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name conflicts with \i Elaine of the Woods\i0 (registered in December 1982). \i Elena\i0 and \i Elaine\i0 are variants of one another and are insufficiently different in both sound and appearance. The difference between the bynames \i Wood\i0 and \i of the Woods\i0 is equivalent to the example shown in RfS V.1.a.ii.(b), which states in part that: "\i Undertheclyf\i0 is equivalent to \i del Clif\i0 and \i Cliff\i0 ". Similarly, the bynames \i Wood\i0 and \i of the Woods\i0 conflict.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Her armory has been pended under the name \i Elena of Calontir\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Iror the Insane. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name is being returned for having two weirdnesses.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Iror\i0 is documented as an Old Norse masculine given name in Geirr Bassi (p. 12). As such, it is undated but appropriate for up to approximately 1100. The word \i insane\i0 was documented as an English word dated to 1550. Therefore, this name has one weirdness for combining Old Norse and Middle English and one weirdness for a temporal disparity of greater than 300 years.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Any changes we could make in order to register this name would involve a complete change of the byname. The College found a number of options that may interest the submitter. As there are multiple options, and the form gives no indication of what is most important to the submitter, we are returning this name and providing the information found by the College so that the submitter may choose how he wishes to proceed.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 A ruling found in the January 1997 LoAR lists a number of period Middle English bynames with similar meanings to \i the Insane\i0 :\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 There are plenty of genuinely period ways to express the idea: Reaney & Wilson s.nn. \i Witless\i0 and \i Giddy\i0 have John \i Wytles\i0 1327 and Walter \i le Gidye\i0 1219 'possessed of an evil spirit; mad, insane', and in his \i Origin of English Surnames\i0 (289) Reaney notes Ralph \i Badinteheved\i0 1275 'bad in the head'. [Morgaine Lynn (Alternate name of Morgaine the Insane), 01/1997 LoAR, A-East]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 A name combining the Old Norse given name \i Iror\i0 with one of these bynames would have one weirdness for combining Old Norse and Middle English in a single name, but would not have a weirdness for temporal disparity since the elements would be dated less than 300 years apart. Therefore, such a name would be registerable with only one weirdness.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Silver Nautilus found an Old Norse byname with a similar meaning in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's article "Viking Bynames found in the \i Landn\'e1mab\'f3k\i0 " (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/vikbynames.html), which lists the byname \i inn \'f3\'f0i\i0 as having the meaning 'mad, frantic, raging'. This byname would support a Lingua Anglica byname such as \i the Mad\i0 , but not \i the Insane\i0 . \i Iror inn \'f3\'f0i\i0 would be the fully Old Norse form of this name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His armory has been registered under the holding name \i Iror of Crystal Mynes\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Sven Gustav von Bremen. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter allowed minor changes.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Gustav\i0 was documented as an undated German given name and as a modern rendering of the given names of two Swedish kings. The name \i Gustav\i0 was recently discussed:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 German sources make it clear that \i Gustav\i0 was borrowed from Swedish; the College was unable to find evidence that it was used as a German given name before 1600. The spellings \i Gustaf\i0 and \i G\'f8staff\i0 are found in Swedish (in Sveriges Medeltida Personnamn, vol. 9 s.n. G\'f8tstaf). [Gustaf Zizka, 06/2003 LoAR, A-Trimaris]\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Lacking evidence of use of any form of \i Gustav\i0 in German in period, this element must be considered Swedish based on the documentation. While two given names are registerable in German, no similar pattern has been found in Swedish in period. As a result, a name using two given names in Swedish is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Though there is evidence of unmarked patronymic bynames in German, no such evidence was provided for Swedish names during commentary for this submission. Lacking evidence for unmarked patronymic bynames in Swedish in period, a name combining two given names in Swedish could not be interpreted as a given name followed by a patronymic byname. \i Sveriges Medeltida Personnamn\i0 (vol. 9, column 568, s.n. Gotstaf) dates \i Swen G\{o/\}stafson\i0 to 1502. Therefore, this name would be registerable as \i Sven G\{o/\}stafson von Bremen\i0 . However, the change from the given name \i Gustav\i0 to the patronymic byname \i G\{o/\}stafson\i0 is a major change, which the submitter does not allow.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His armory has been registered under the holding name \i Sven of Vatavia\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tace of Foxele. \b0 Alternate name Souma Tae. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The element \i Tae\i0 was documented only as a Kanji character. No documentation was presented and none was found to support \i Tae\i0 as a given name in Japanese. Lacking such evidence, this name is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tace of Foxele. \b0 Device (see PENDS for badge). Argent, three clusters of three holly leaves conjoined to chief vert fructed and on a chief triangular gules a fox's mask argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As noted in the LoAR of October 2001, "This is not a pile, because it issues from the top corners of the shield. Nor is it chauss\'e9, because it does not extend all the way to base. Nor is it a chief triangular, because it is much too deep. Nor is it a per chevron inverted field division, because it does not issue from the sides of the field. As a result, this must be returned."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Victoria Anthoinette Sauvignon. \b0 Badge. Vert, on a cross flory Or a rose proper. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Eibhl\'edn n\'ed Chaoimh, \i (Fieldless) On four demi-fleurs conjoined in cross Or a torteau\i0 . There is one CD for fieldlessness. There is no difference between the four demi-fleurs conjoined in cross charged with (a tertiary charge) and a cross flory charged with (a tertiary charge): the tertiary charge obscures any significant difference between these two designs.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 There is also no difference for changing the type only of the tertiary charge. A cross flory is not a "suitable charge" for RfS X.4.j.ii, which states in pertinent part, "A charge is suitable for the purposes of [RfS X.4.j.ii] if (a) it is simple enough in outline to be voided..." Crosses fleury are analogous to crosses moline for purposes of considering whether they are too complicated to void or to fimbriate. The LoAR of July 1999 stated, "This is being returned for violating the precedent set by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme as Laurel (January 15, 1993, cover letter) concerning which charges are suitable for fimbriation. A cross moline is too complex to fimbriate."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In the cases of both crosses moline and crosses flory, some period depictions of the cross have ends which are complicated enough that the cross is arguably too complex to void by the criteria of the Cover Letter dated January 15, 1993 (for the November 1992 LoAR), although many other period depictions of these crosses are simple enough to void by the same criteria. While we are not certain whether we would rule, \i de novo\i0 , that crosses moline are too complicated to void, insufficient evidence has been presented to overturn the previous precedent concerning the voidability of crosses moline.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b DRACHENWALD\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Ago Praunfalk. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name is being returned for having two weirdnesses: one for the lingual mix and a second for temporal disparity.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The documentation showed that the given name \i Ago\i0 was used as a Frankish name recorded in 974. Frankish is the dialect of Old High German spoken in what is today France. The byname \i Praunfalk\i0 is a Middle High German byname dated to 1560.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Just as there is a weirdness for combining Old English with Middle English, or Middle Gaelic with Early Modern Gaelic, there is a weirdness for combining Old High German and Middle High German.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Since the given name is dated to 974 and the byname is dated to 1560, this name also has a weirdness for a temporal disparity of greater than 300 years between the elements.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Alcazar, Shire of. \b0 Name and device. Or, a castle gules and a bordure gules semy of laurel wreaths Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Unfortunately, this name conflicts with \i Alcazar\i0 , or \i Alcazar de San Juan\i0 , a town located in La Mancha, which has its own entry in the 1911 Encyclopedia Brittanica (s.n. "ALCAZAR DE SAN JUAN, or ALCAZAR"), among other sources. The conflict could be cleared by adding a second element different from \i San Juan\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nice Spanish style armory to go with the Spanish name, and for that matter, the Spanish location. It is unfortunate that, because the name is being returned, the armory must be returned as well - no holding names may be formed for branches.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Eir\'edkr genja. \b0 Device. Per bend sinister Or and sable, two battleaxes bendwise sinister counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Barak Elandris Bear the Wallsbane, \i Per bend sinister Or and sable, a bear statant and an axe bendwise sinister counterchanged\i0 . There is one CD for changing the type of the chiefmost charge. There is no additional difference for changing its posture or orientation, as bears and battleaxes do not have comparable postures. For more discussion of comparable postures, see the cover letter to the July 2003 LoAR, under the heading "Clarification and Explication of Some Rulings on Posture."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Eleanora von Ratzeburg. \b0 Device. Vert, on an estoile argent a standing balance sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The tertiary charge is drawn so small and lightly, and the internal details so heavily, that the standing balance is not readily visible or identifiable. This is reason for return under RfS VIII.3.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This issue cannot be fixed solely by redrawing, as there is also a conflict with Ailonwy of Darkblade, \i Vert, on an estoile of four greater and four lesser rays argent a dagger inverted sable, all within a bordure argent\i0 . There is one CD for removing the bordure. There is no difference between a default estoile of six rays, and the SCA-invented estoile of four greater and four lesser rays. There is no difference for changing the type of tertiary charge on an estoile per RfS X.4.j.ii, as an estoile is not a "suitable" charge for purposes of this rule.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Griffon's Tor, Shire of. \b0 Name and device. Sable, two gryphons combattant sustaining to chief a laurel wreath Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name conflicts with \i Griffindor\i0 , the name of one of the houses at Hogwarts in the Harry Potter books. In addition to the numerous members of the College who called this conflict, Pelican (who has not read these books and has only seen one of the movies so far) immediately recognized the name \i Griffindor\i0 . Given this level of recognition, \i Griffindor\i0 is important enough to protect under Administrative Handbook, section III.A.6, "Names of Significant Geographical Locations from Literary Sources", which states:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Locations in period or modern literary works of all genres may be protected on a case by case basis. Such protection will be afforded if the College of Arms deems them worthy of protection\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The change of one consonant cluster from <-nd-> to <-nst-> is not a sufficiently large change in sound to clear the conflict.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nice armory! It is unfortunate that, because the name is being returned, the armory must be returned as well - no holding names may be formed for branches.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Marcus Eisenwald. \b0 Device. Per bend sinister checky gules and argent, and ermine, in chief two ermine spots sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This armorial design blurs the distinction between the ermine tincture and ermine spots. To quote al-Jamal:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Because they appear entirely within two of the argent checks, one of them crammed up into the sinister chief, the ermine spots are not going to be seen as "charges" here, but rather as a checky field with two of the checks "ermine" in place of "argent". RfS VII.7.a. requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Maria Tareija da Castanheira Noronha. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No evidence was presented nor could any be found for the use of two given names in Portuguese in period. As the submitter allows minor changes only, we cannot drop \i Tareija\i0 in order to make the name registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter might like to know that Siren found two 16th C examples of people with two locative bynames: \i Christovam de Meello d'Aabreu\i0 and \i Jo\'e3o da Silva do Comto\i0 (both at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/), suggesting the form \i da Castanheira da Noronha\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Her armory has been registered under the holding name \i Maria of Nea Nikopolis\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Mevanwy Methig. \b0 Device. Per pale azure and Or, a sun between three roundels counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Malcolm Fraser the Impatient, \i Per pale azure and Or, a sun counterchanged\i0 . There is only a single CD for adding the secondary charges.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Please also advise the submitter that, on resubmission, the roundels should be drawn larger in proportion to the sun.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Orm Udding. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter documented the byname \i Udding\i0 from a book and provided scans of pages from that book. Unfortunately, the documentation was essentially unreadable due to poor scanning quality. The LoI asserts that the book is in Swedish, and no translation was provided. We remind the College of Arms that documentation must be translated into English. Either of these issues is sufficient for return.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In addition, the summary of the material presented in the LoI did not support the idea that \i Udding\i0 was a personal byname, but only that it was a variant spelling of the name of the place. Documentation would need to be presented that this is a reasonable byname for it to be registered.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 His armory has been registered under the holding name \i Orm of Drachenwald\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Petrus Curonus. \b0 Household name P\'e4hkin\'e4saari, Village of. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name conflicts with the real-world town of P\'e4hkin\'e4saari (later P\'e4hkin\'e4linna) as noted by Argent Snail:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 It turns out that this conflicts with the real-world town of P\'e4hkin\'e4saari, later known as P\'e4hkin\'e4linna, that was founded in ca. 1300 by Tyrgils Knutsson, Marshal of Sweden, and conquered 1349 by Novgorod. It was the site in 1323 of the Treaty of P\'e4hkin\'e4saari that defined for the first time the border between Sweden and Novgorod. Both names, P\'e4hkin\'e4saari and P\'e4hkin\'e4linna, are found as headers in several Finnish general encyclopedias.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Additionally, there was considerable discussion whether \i Village\i0 was appropriate as a household designator. The overwhelming consensus was that \i Village\i0 was not an appropriate designator for a household name and, that, if \i Village\i0 should ever be allowed as a designator, that it should be used as an alternate of some level of branch designator. We are, therefore, disallowing use of \i Village\i0 as a designator for a household name.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Robin of Dalriada. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Dalriada\i0 was submitted as an English name for a Gaelic kingdom that existed from the 5th C to the mid-9th C. Primarily, \i Dal Riada\i0 was the name of the tribe who inhabited this area. The name used to refer to this kingdom derives from the name of this tribe.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The fundamental problem with this name is that no evidence has been found that any of the \i Dal\i0 tribe names (\i Dal Riada\i0 , \i Dal Cais\i0 , \i Dal nAriade\i0 , et cetera) were used in personal names except as part of a ruler's title. For example, Donnchadh \'d3 Corr\'e1in & Mavis Cournane, ed., "The Annals of Ulster" (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100001/), entry U778.7, lists "Aedh Finn m. Echdach rex Dal Riati". The phrase "rex Dal Riati" indicates that \i Aedh\i0 was king of the Dal Riada.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Lacking evidence that the name of anyone other than rulers would include a \i Dal\i0 tribe name, a byname such as the submitted \i of Dalriada\i0 , even in a Lingua Anglica form, is a claim to be a ruler of this tribe and so violates RfS VI.1 "Names Claiming Rank" which states that "Names containing titles, territorial claims, or allusions to rank are considered presumptuous".\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Roland Grey. \b0 Device. Per chevron vert and argent, a pair of wings conjoined argent and a grenade sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Fran\'e7ois le F\'e9roce, reblazoned in the East section of this LoAR as \i Per chevron vert and argent, in chief a pair of wings argent\i0 . There is one CD for adding the grenade in base. There is no difference between a pair of wings and a pair of wings conjoined.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b EAST\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b0 None.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b MIDDLE\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Anne Gyldensleve. \b0 Device. Quarterly azure and sable, in bend two arms embowed fesswise reversed Or gloved argent each maintaining a falcon close Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As noted by al-Jamal, "RfS XI.3.b. [Marshalling] notes that 'No section of the field may contain an ordinary that terminates at the edge of that section, or more than one charge unless those charges are part of a group over the whole field.' The charged sections here contain multiple, though conjoined, charges which are not part of a group over the whole field."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Caer Byrbryd, Shire of. \b0 Branch name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This submission has multiple problems.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 First, no evidence was presented that either element was dated to period. While evidence was presented of modern Welsh placenames beginning with \i Caer\i0 'fort', the College looked and could find no evidence that \i Byrbryd\i0 (meaning 'snack' or 'luncheon') was used in period.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Second, no evidence was presented that the construction was plausible. The justification presented referred to modern English placenames and local industries, not to period Welsh placenames. To be registerable, the submitters would need to demonstrate that \i Byrbrid\i0 was used in Welsh placenames in period and could be reasonably combined with \i Caer\i0 . Barring such evidence, this name cannot be registered.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Elyn Enynigorman. \b0 Device. Argent, a bend sinister sable between a longbow drawn and nocked to sinister and a sword inverted purpure all within a bordure sable. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The tincture of the secondary charges could not clearly be perceived as either gules or purpure. This therefore violates RfS VII.7.a, which requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We note that under current precedent the secondary charge group in this armory (consisting of a bow and arrow and a sword) is not "slot-machine" heraldry violating RfS VIII.1.a. The longbow drawn and nocked is in a "standard, expected" position for a bow and arrow. Thus, the combination of the bow and arrow is considered a single charge for purpose of RfS VIII.1.a:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 [considering a strung bow and arrow along with another charge] The question was raised as to whether or not this is considered slot machine since it has three dissimilar charges in one group. While it is true that it has three charges, when a bow and arrow are in their standard, expected position they are considered one charge, just like a sword in a scabbard is considered one charge. It is only when they are separated, or put into non standard positions for their normal use, such as being crossed in saltire, that they become two separate charges. (LoAR April 1999 p. 6)\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Isabella Claybrook. \b0 Device. Vert v\'eatu ploy\'e9, a coney rampant maintaining a carrot inverted argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Conflict with Boniface de Tennequay, \i Sable, a coney rampant argent, maintaining a torch Or\i0 . There is one CD for changing the field, but no difference for changing the maintained charge.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Katerin ferch Gwenllian. \b0 Badge. (Fieldless) A double rose argent and azure barbed and seeded proper. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As noted by Siren, "This conflicts with [a badge of] England '(Fieldless) A Tudor rose.' The most typical depiction is 'A rose argent charged with a rose gules.' In this depiction, there is a CD for fieldlessness, but no CD for the change in tincture only of the tertiary charge."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ogar Dracon. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name has multiple problems.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The given name is documented from a Web page that asserts that \i Ogar\i0 was the name of a king of Urhai (modern Edessa) who Eusebius says corresponded with Jesus. Nebuly provided this information:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The relevant portion [of the website] concerns an account of "Ogar, kind [sic] of Urhai" whom Eusebius records as corresponding with Jesus. The bit that helped me trace back to the original material is in the preceding paragraph, where Urhai is identified with Edessa.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The account in question is related near the end of Book 1 of Eusebius' History of the Church in a story about the apostle Thaddeus: "Thus it happened that when King Abgar, the brilliantly successful monarch of the peoples of Mesopotamia...heard continual mention of the name of Jesus and unanimous tribute to His miracles, he sent a humble request to Him, begging for relief from his disease."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Jesus is said to have replied with a personal letter. Eusebius visited the archives at Edessa and translated the letter from Syriac, in which the recipient is named Abgar Uchama the Toparch. My edition footnotes that Abgar ruled from 13 A.D. to 50 A.D. Thus, the spelling in Eusebius (Abgar) does not match that used in the cited web page (Ogar). This appears to be an error on the part of the authors, or perhaps in the source they used. We therefore have no support for the given name in the submitted spelling.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As the documentation does not support \i Ogar\i0 as a period spelling, it is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 \i Drakon\i0 , rather than \i Dracon\i0 , is a Greek given name. However, no documentation was presented that it was also a reasonable byname construction in Greek. Barring that evidence, it cannot be registered as a byname.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submission combines a 1st C A.D. name of unclear origin with a Greek name from the 7th C B.C. The LoI did not discuss the language spoken in Urhai/Edessa; Nebuly's and Siren's research suggests that it was probably Syriac but may have been Greek. If Syriac, the name clearly has two weirdnesses, one for mixing Syriac and Greek and a second for combining elements with over 600 years between them. As the College did not have the opportunity to consider the evidence for this lingual mix or for the language(s) spoken in Urhai/Edessa, this combination cannot be registered.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Ragna Eyverska. \b0 Device. Azure, in fess a trident between two seahorses addorsed Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The trident was not drawn identifiably. It is drawn solely with right angles. The shaft and all three arms/tines of the trident are of the same uniform width. The tines of the trident have blunt squared-off ends, which lack the barbs which allow the trident to function. The charge is, in general, too stylized and geometric a depiction to be perceived as a trident. This thus violates RfS VII.7.a, which requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b S\'e9adna L\'e1ch. \b0 Name. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter requested authenticity for 9th to 10th C Irish. The submitted byname \i L\'e1ch\i0 is a modern form of a period word that, before 1200, took the form \i lagach\i0 . Fause Lozenge was kind enough to research this word, and said:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 is a modern (mid-20th c. and later) spelling of , from early . According to the \i Dictionary of the Irish Language Based Mainly on Old and Middle Irish Materials\i0 , Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 1990, s.v. , the word was an adjective 'with vaguely laudatory sense (always alliterating) gentle, pleasant, etc.'.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As this word was only used in alliterating contexts (where the modified noun begins with \i L\i0 ), it is clearly not the kind of generally used word that might have led to a byname. Therefore, barring evidence that it was used in a more general context, or as a byname rather than simply a poetic description, it is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The submitter might wish to know the submitted given name is a Early Modern Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) spelling. In the 9th or 10th C, the given name would have been spelled \i S\'e9tna\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b NORTHSHIELD\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Clare Agatha MacLeod. \b0 Device change. Per pale sable and argent, a lily of the valley plant counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The lily of the valley plant is too tall and thin to be counterchanged along its long axis. The slip, in particular, loses its identifiability. Previous precedent has returned similarly wide charges for similar reasons, for example, "[a mace ... counterchanged] There was discussion as to whether the mace was wide enough to be counterchanged along its long axis. Previous cases have decided that winged swords are not, and that double-bitted axes and comets are. The issue is identifiability such counterchanging was banned precisely because the charge became unidentifiable. After examining the emblazon, we decided that the charge was just barely too narrow to be counterchanged like this" (LoAR of August 2000).\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Conandil Glass. \b0 Name and device. Quarterly Or and argent, a bear's head cabossed between four paw prints azure. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 This name is being returned for a combination of linguistic and temporal compatibility issues.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Both elements of this name were documented from Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article "Early Irish Feminine Names from the Index to O'Brien's Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/irish-obrien.html). The author has requested that this article be withdrawn, as it does not distinguish between legendary names and names known to have been used by real people in history, and other articles are now available covering this area of interest. However, the College was able to find other documentation for these elements.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As Colm Dubh's article, "The Ban-Shencus: A Dated Index", \i KWHS 2003 Proceedings\i0 (pp. 1-4), dates a \i Conandil\i0 to the 7th C, \i Conandil\i0 is registerable in that context.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Going to the source for Tangwysytl's article cited above, and comparing these entries to those in annals, it is possible to identify that the men who had \i Glass\i0 as a byname lived in time periods that must be considered legendary. One appears in the "Annals of the Four Masters", vol. 1, (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100005A/) in entries M4291.1 and M4296.1, which roughly correspond to 903 B.C. and 898 B.C. The earliest example of a non-legendary man with \i Glas\i0 as a byname occurs in the 14th C. Lacking evidence that this byname was used during the Old Irish (c. 700 to c. 900) period, the Old Irish form \i Glass\i0 is not registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Based on this information, \i Conandil\i0 is supported as an Old Irish (c. 700 to c. 900) form of a name dated to the 7th C, and \i Gla\ul s\i0\ul0 is supported as an Early Modern Irish (c. 1200 to c. 1700) byname dated to the 14th C. Therefore, this name has one weirdness for combining elements that are dated more than 300 years apart. A form of this name that would combine these documented forms would be \i Conandil Ghlas\i0 , which uses the documented form of this byname and adds lenition. However, it has been previously ruled that the differences between Early Modern Irish Gaelic and Middle Irish Gaelic are sufficient that a name mixing these forms of Gaelic carries a weirdness. Therefore, the form \i Conandil Ghlas\i0 would have a second weirdness for combining Early Modern Irish with Old Irish and, so, would not be registerable.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 There was a significant mismatch between the full-sized emblazon and the mini-emblazon on the Letter of Intent. This mismatch masked a style problem present in the full-sized emblazon: the head in the full-sized emblazon is not clearly identifiable as a bear's head.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 As noted in the June 2003 LoAR, "A significant discrepancy between the full-sized and mini-emblazon can be reason for return in itself, and is certainly a reason for return when the mini-emblazon's depiction masks a significant style issue with the armory on the full-sized emblazon. The Administrative Handbook requirements for preparation of letters of intent state that 'An accurate representation of each piece of submitted armory shall be included on the letter of intent.'"\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b OUTLANDS\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Caer Galen, Barony of. \b0 Order name L'Ordre du Poignard Noir. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No forms were received for this submission.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Caleb Stewart. \b0 Device. Sable, in pale a demi-rabbit argent issuant from a helm inverted affronty and in chief three cups inverted Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Siren summarized the main concerns with this submission well:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Previous rulings have suggested that excessive inversion may be grounds for return:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li2160\sl-180 [Gules, on a chalice inverted between two roundels Or a wooden spiked mace inverted proper] As far as we know, maces were not made entirely of wood; therefore, there is no support for the head being brown. Furthermore, both cups and maces were rarely inverted in period, so inverting both may be excessive. (LoAR November 2000)\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The helmet is particularly difficult to identify, between the inverted posture and the issuant rabbit. As I looked, I thought at first it was a pot.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The issues with identifiability and period style combine to be sufficient reasons for return.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 In addition, the College expressed significant concerns that the combination of allusions to modern sleight-of-hand may cause this armory to be obtrusively modern. This issue should be addressed on resubmission.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Gabriel de Morland. \b0 Device. Azure, a bend sinister argent and in dexter chief a cross patt\'e9e concave Or. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 No documentation was presented, and none was found, for the \i cross patt\'e9e concave\i0 in period armory. This cross has ends that are straight throughout most of their length, and flare out only at the very ends of the arm. As far as we are aware, period crosses formy flare out along the entirety of their length.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The term \i concave\i0 , as found in a few previous SCA registrations, appears to apply to a cross that is somewhat nowy lozengy (or nowy of a lozenge). This cross is only slightly nowy of a lozenge. Because the blazon term \i concave\i0 is not well-defined in real-world or SCA armory, it should be avoided in the future.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180\qc \i - Explicit littera renuntiationum -\hyphpar0\par\sect\sectd\plain\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1080\margrsxn1080\margtsxn1080\margbsxn1080\headery0\footery0\pgndec{\headerl\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {\fs16 PENDS}\tab {\fs16 Page \chpgn of 27}\tab {\fs16 March 2004 LoAR}\par}{\footerl\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {}\tab {}\tab {}\par}{\headerr\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {\fs16 PENDS}\tab {\fs16 Page \chpgn of 27}\tab {\fs16 March 2004 LoAR}\par}{\footerr\pard\sl-240\sb530\sa310\plain\tqc\tx5040\tqr\tx10080 {}\tab {}\tab {}\par}\pard\sl-180 \b\fs18 THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE OCTOBER 2004 LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED):\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 CALONTIR\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Elena of Calontir. \b0 Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a saltire azure between in fess two Lacy knots vert. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Nebuly and Brachet requested that we pend this armory for consideration of whether the Russian Naval Flag (before 1917) should be protected by the S.C.A. as an important flag. Nebuly stated:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 At the end of the 17th century, Peter the Great of Russia visited western Europe. Following this visit he decided to adopt a variation of the Dutch flag as a civil ensign for Russian ships. [This is now the national flag] ... Peter the Great also adopted a flag for the Russian navy, which was white with the blue diagonal cross of St. Andrew.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 The flag was used by the Russian navy until the Communist Revolution of 1917. The flag is historically significant and deserves to be protected.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Brachet stated:\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li1440\sl-180 Walraven notes that the Imperial Navy of Russia flew "\b Argent a saltire Azure\b0 ." This will be familiar to those who are from Europe and also those who play [the game] Diplomacy(TM), of which there are quite a few in the SCA. (Note - he came up with the identification without use of references.) We feel that this at least ought to be pended for a decision on whether or not the Imperial Russian Navy is important enough to protect.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 If the Russian Naval Flag is protected, this armory will conflict with it, with only one CD for adding the secondary charge group.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Submitted under the name \i Elena Woods\i0 .\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 (This submission was item 11 on Calontir's LoI of November 8, 2003.)\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 \b Tace of Foxele. \b0 Badge. Gules, three holly leaves conjoined in pall and fructed argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The leaves were tinctured vert on the Letter of Intent, and no correction was received until February 2004, after the end of the primary commentary period for this November 2003 Calontir LoI. The commenters were not able to accurately deduce the correct tincture so this must be pended for further conflict research.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Some questions were also raised about the blazon of the holly leaf "cluster." We have reblazoned this design so it may be accurately reproduced from the blazon.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 (This submission was item 27 on Calontir's LoI of November 8, 2003.)\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b DRACHENWALD\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Pierre l'Escot. \b0 Device. Per pale sable and argent, a winged woman statant affronty vested of a cloak, maintaining in her dexter hand a rose and in her sinister hand a snake, and in chief a crescent inverted, all counterchanged. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 The woman is not exactly "vested" (clothed) in the cloak, as blazoned. She is (from the front view) almost entirely naked; the cloak only 'clothes' her shoulders and arms, and otherwise hangs down behind her. It is not clear whether this, or any other, blazon will adequately reproduce the emblazon. RfS VII.7.b states in pertinent part, "Elements must be reconstructible in a recognizable form from a competent blazon."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 There are identifiability issues concerning the snake. The woman isn't exactly "maintaining" (holding) the snake in her hand, which would imply a view of almost the entire snake (head and neck on one side of the hand, tail dangling from the other side.) Instead, the snake's head and neck are extending out from under the place where the cloak overlays her shoulders and arms, through her fingers, and the head is peeking out from between her fingers. RfS VIII.3 states in pertinent part, "Identifiable elements may be rendered unidentifiable ... by being obscured by other elements of the design."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Concerns were raised that this armory might be overly modern style. RfS VIII.4.d states in part, "Generally modern style in the depiction of individual elements or the total design may not be registered."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 Lastly, concerns were raised as to whether the armory had excessive religious allusions to neo-Pagan goddess symbolism. RfS IX.2 states in pertinent part, "Magical or religious symbolism that is excessive ... will not be registered."\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 We feel it is necessary for the College to discuss these issues further before rendering a decision, particularly the matter of excessive religious allusion. This is thus being pended for further consideration.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 (This submission was item 24 on Drachenwald's LoI of September 25, 2003.)\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb220\sl-180 \b OUTLANDS\keepn\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb180\sl-180 Safya al-Mughanniya bint Ziyad al-Misri. \b0 Device. Per pall argent sable and vert, a lotus flower affronty sable and two hands of Fatima argent. \hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 And in a lovely metaphor for the continuity of the Laurel office (and such subsidiary offices as it may have), the last item ruled on during this Wreath's tenure (and listed last in the LoAR) is pended for further research. The blazon on the Letter of Intent had the vert and sable tinctures on the field inadvertently switched, and the College could not detect this error.\hyphpar0\par\pard\sb60\li720\sl-180 (This submission was item 14 on the Outlands LoI of November 27, 2003.)\hyphpar0\par}