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Or, on a fir tree proper issuant from a mount vert a lantern Or. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted under the name ├├Brada Boda └$└thelward──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Chernislava Alekseeva. ─ ─Name and device. Vert, a winged enfield rampant maintaining a rapier Or, a chief erminois. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬There were calls in commentary to declare this device as having two steps from period practice: the first for the use of an enfield, the second for the addition of the wings. According to Section VII.5 of the Rules for Submission, the creation of winged monsters is explicitly not a step from period practice. This overturns the precedent from October 1976, where Karina Laurel said that "Putting wings on an enfield does not make it legal". Additionally, precedent says: ┬┬┬┬While the enfield appears in period, the only period examples we can find are supporters. (The device was returned for conflict) [Anacletus McTerlach, July 2004, RęMeridies] ┬┬Charges used in period as supporters are, by definition, not a step from period practice. The July 1981 ruling that enfields are only "compatible with period usage", which would make them a step from period practice, is overturned. ┬┬Please instruct the submitter to draw the rapier slightly thicker, so that it does not disappear into the background. While maintained charges do not count for difference, they should be depicted large enough to be identifiable.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ciar inghean U└1└ Chrotaigh. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Ciar ├├ingen── ├├u──└1└ Chrotai├├g────, the byname ├├ingen u└1└ Chrotaig── was documented on the LoI from Woulfe, ├├Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames──, s.n. └:└ Crotaig. However, this is a misreading of the header name; the header has a ├├punctum delens── over the ├├g──, which means it is properly spelled ├├└:└ Crotaigh──. Additionally, the byname ├├└:└ Crotaigh── was only justified to the late 16th/early 17th century; lacking evidence for its use before the Early Modern Irish period, only the Early Modern Irish form of the byname is registerable. For a woman, the correct Early Modern Irish form is ├├inghean U└1└ Chrotaigh──. We have changed the name to ├├Ciar ├├inghean── ├├U──└1└ Chrotai├├gh──── in order to register it.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Clemente de Warrewyk. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) An anchor per pale argent and sable. ├ ├David Chadwyk. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Great 14th C English name!┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Gabrielle Winter. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Helewys Spynnere. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) A woolępack argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Nice badge!┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Isabele of Dunbar. ─ ─Device. Per bend argent and purpure, a wolf rampant counterchanged. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Nice armory!┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Jok Macpherson. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This does not conflict with ├├Ian MacPherson──. While ├├Jok── is a pet form of ├├John──, and ├├Ian── is a variant of ├├John──, no evidence was provided that ├├Jok── is a pet form of ├├Ian──. Comparing the two given names with respect to their sound and appearance, the difference in both is significant, so these are clear per RfS V.1.b.i.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Lasairfh└1└ona inghean U└1└ Ghallchobhair. ─ ─Device. Argent, two lions rampant addorsed tails entwined gules, a chief indented sable. ├ ├Margarita de Siena. ─ ─Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, on a goblet bendwise sinister inverted counterchanged distilling a goutte de sang a daisy counterchanged seeded gules, on a chief three mullets counterchanged. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬There was some question whether the byname ├├de Siena── violated RfS III.1.a by combining Latin ├├de── and Italian ├├Siena── in the same phrase. Precedent indicates that it does not: ┬┬┬┬The submitter requested authenticity for 13th C Italy. Because da is the usual Italian preposition used in a locative byname, the commentors questioned whether the preposition de was correct. However, as Kraken notes, "In the 13th century (the desired time frame), the transition from medieval Latin to Italian was in its early stages, and the Latin preposition de would still be in use... [LoAR 05/2004, Lorita de Siena, EastęA] ┬┬A wholly Italian form of the name would be ├├Margarita da Siena──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ol'ga Godunova. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Rubyn MakDonald. ─ ─Name and device. Sable, a wyvern displayed Or within an orle of mullets of six points argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Wyverns are heraldic variants of dragons, and the use of a dragon displayed is considered a step from period practice. Therefore, the use of a wyvern displayed is also a step from period practice.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Tadhg Sotal └:└ N└)└ill. ─ ─Name. ├ ├William Peregrinus. ─ ─Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and sable, a cross bottony and on a chief argent a falcon rising sable between two roses gules. ┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├AN TIR┘ Ěľ ┘ Adeliza a Donyng. ─ ─Name. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬There was some question whether ├├a── + is a period pattern for locative bynames in either Scots or English. It is appropriate for both languages. Two English examples can be found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names found in the Berkeley Hundred Court Rolls", which has ├├a Barnysdale── and ├├a Barnesdale── dated to 1543, and two Scots examples can be found in Records of the Parliaments of Scotland, which has ├├Thomas a Rowane── and ├├Herbert a Dronane── dated to 1490. ┬┬This name is one step from period practice, for the temporal disparity between the 11th or 12th C date for ├├Adeliza── and the 16th C date for ├├Donyng──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├An Tir, Kingdom of. ─ ─Badge for Ordo Hastae Leonis. Checky Or and argent, a spearhead gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The use of a field ├├checky Or and argent── is grandfathered to the kingdom.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Axxel Eisenkopf. ─ ─Name and device. Azure, a ferret rampant regardant contourny argent and on a chief Or three covered tankards reversed sable. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This name combines Danish and German, which is a step from period practice.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├F└└el└└n t{o,}lusmi└W└r. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├F└└el└└n ├├T──{o,}lusmi└W└r──, per precedent, Old Norse descriptive bynames based on common nouns should not be capitalized. We have changed the name to ├├F└└el└└n ├├t──{o,}lusmi└W└r── in order to register it. This name combines Middle Irish and Old Norse, which is a step from period practice. ┬┬According to the forms, the submitter was requesting authenticity for 9th C Gaelic first name and Norse byname. However, correspondence with the submitter revealed that he preferred the name to be registered as submitted, if possible, and that he did not want the name changed to be made authentic. We note that if he'd like a wholly Norse name, we can recommend ├├Feilan t{o,}lusmi└W└r──. Lind, ├├NorskęIsl└└ndska Personbinamn fr└#└n Medeltiden──, s.n. Feilan cites ├├└:└leifr── or ├├└:└l└└fr feilan └X└orsteins son rau└W└a──, born in the Hebrides. His byname is from Early Irish ├├f└└el└└n──, so we believe that ├├Feilan── is also a plausible spelling of ├├F└└el└└n── used as a given name.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ragnarr ulfhe└W└inn. ─ ─Name change from Gregor von Drachenstein. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬His previous name, ├├Gregor von Drachenstein──, is retained as an alternate name.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Savina Marguerite de Laurent. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├ANSTEORRA┘ Ěľ ┘ Alden Drake. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) On a triskelion of dragon's heads argent a pellet. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is clear of Evja r{o,}skva, ├├Per pale sable and gules, a triskelion of dragon's heads argent──. There is a CD for fieldlessness and a CD for the addition of the tertiary pellet.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of order name Companion of the Iris of Merit. ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of order name King's Gauntlet of Ansteorra. ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of order name Lion of Ansteorra. ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of order name Queen's Glove of Ansteorra. ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Order name change to Award of the Sable Comet of Ansteorra from Award of the Sable Comet. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The previous order name, ├├Award of the Sable Comet──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Order name change to Award of the Sable Thistle of Ansteorra from Order of the Sable Thistle of Ansteorra. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The previous order name, ├├Order of the Sable Thistle of Ansteorra──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of order name Sable Thistle of Ansteorra. ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of order name Companions of the Star of Merit. ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of heraldic title Stellar Scroll Pursuivant Extraordinary. ├ ├Ansteorra, Kingdom of. ─ ─Release of order name Companions of the White Scarf of Ansteorra. ├ ├Bernhart von Bruck. ─ ─Name change from Snaebjorn Haraldsson. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The submitter requested authenticity for late 14thęearly 15th C German, but this request was not summarized on the LoI. Had the commenters not provided information about authentic forms of this name, we would have been forced to pend this to allow the commenters a chance to address the authenticity request. ┬┬The given name ├├Bernhart── was documented on the LoI to 1441 in Rottweil in BadenęW└G└rttemberg. WolfęArmin von Reitzenstein, ├├Lexikon bayerischer Ortsnamen──, (http://books.google.com/books?id=hqkukOD_qU0C), p. 89 gives the following period names of the city F└G└rstenfeldbruck in Bavaria: đđä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ä▄Ú4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                 ääđđ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Brukke── c. 1150 ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Prugg── 1306 ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Pruk── 1315 ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Bruck── 1424 ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Pruck── 1472 ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Brugk── 1481 ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Bruck── 1524 ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Prugg── 16th. c. đđä▄Ú4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                 ä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ääđđ┬┬This puts both elements in the first half of the 15th C in roughly the same geographic area, making the name as submitted a fine choice for early 15th C Germany. ┬┬His previous name, ├├Snaebjorn Haraldsson──, is retained as an alternate name.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Coenred └%└t Rauenesdale and M└└ire O Halowrane. ─ ─Joint badge. Gules, two claymores in saltire and in chief a roundel, an orle argent. ├ ├Finn Kelly O'Donnell. ─ ─Release of device. Vert, on a chief embattled argent six shamrocks in fess vert. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This armory was registered in November 1980; it is currently listed in the O&A as a device with the note "should have been changed/released?" After contacting Finn, we learned that he has never considered the version with the argent chief to be his device. He has provided a release.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Geneviefve Charron. ─ ─Name and device. Purpure, a sword inverted and on a chief Or three cinquefoils pierced purpure. ├ ├Goldweard of St. Golias. ─ ─Name change from Thomas Goldweard and device. Per fess sable and Or, in chief a demiędragon issuant from the line of division maintaining a mortar and pestle and in base a cross moline counterchanged. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Listed on the LoI as ├├Goldweard of ├├Saint── Golias──, the name was originally submitted as ├├Goldweard of ├├St.── Golias──, and changed in kingdom based on precedent barring the registration of scribal abbreviations. The byname ├├of Saint Golias── was documented on the basis of the registered SCA branch name ├├College of St. Golias──. Precedent also holds that SCA branch names are registerable in locative bynames ├├only── in their exact registered form: ┬┬┬┬Branch names are only automatically registerable in locative bynames in the form in which the branch name was registered. In this case, the branch name was registered as ├├College of St. Katherine── in November of 1981. We have changed her byname to use the registered form of this branch name in order to register this name. [Bridget of St. Katherine, 10/2003, Aę└$└thelmearc] ┬┬This precedent trumps the one which forbids the registration of scribal abbreviations. We have restored the name to the originally submitted form in order to register it. ┬┬His previous name, ├├Thomas Goldweard──, is released.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├ATENVELDT┘ Ěľ ┘ Angus of Atenveldt. ─ ─Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale sable and Or, a valknut between three mullets of eight points counterchanged. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The use of a valknut is a step from period practice. ┬┬Submitted under the name ├├Angus ulbh MacLeod──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Britha of the Unicorn's Forest. ─ ─Reblazon of device. Argent, a unicorn couchant argent fimbriated and with details delineated azure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Blazoned when registered, in August 1980, as ├├Argent, a unicorn couchant chased azure──, we are reblazoning it to clarify the fact that we consider this an argent unicorn, not an azure one, since the azure is used only for a thick outline and internal detailing.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Dubhchobhlaigh inghean Eoin u└1└ Ealaighthe. ─ ─Device. Vert, a fleece and in base two drop spindles argent. ├ ├Einarr atg└Q└rvima└W└r. ─ ─Device. Per chevron purpure and argent, three Thor's hammers argent and a bear rampant sable. ┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├ATLANTIA┘ Ěľ ┘ Agnes Daunce. ─ ─Device change. Or, an ewer azure and on a chief gules a staff bendy sinister Or and sable. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Her old device, ├├Or, on a dance sable between three roses azure, three mullets pierced Or──, is retained as a badge.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Angus of Bedford. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Elyas Atwode. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Esa Kirkepatrike. ─ ─Device change. Gules, a goblet between three hounds courant in annulo Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Her old device, ├├Gules, a goblet between three hounds courant in annulo widdershins Or──, is released. We note that the two devices are considered heraldically identical, even though the hounds in the new device are facing clockwise and the ones in the old device are facing counterclockwise. Under current precedent, there would not be a blazonable difference, since we no longer blazon the facing of creatures in annulo.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Giovan Donado. ─ ─Name change from Giovan Donato Falconieri. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The given name ├├Giovan── is grandfathered to him. ┬┬His previous name, ├├Giovan Donato Falconieri──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Hidden Mountain, Barony of. ─ ─Badge for Award of the Azure Cloud (see RETURNS for order name). Per chevron argent and azure, two clouds azure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This depiction of clouds is grandfathered to the submitters.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Hidden Mountain, Barony of. ─ ─Badge for Award of the Crimson Cloud. Per chevron argent and gules, two clouds gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This depiction of clouds is grandfathered to the submitters.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Hidden Mountain, Barony of. ─ ─Badge for Award of the Silver Cloud. Per chevron sable and Or, in chief two clouds argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This depiction of clouds is grandfathered to the submitters.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Johanna von Sudeborn and Richard Wyn. ─ ─Joint badge for Southwin Lodge. Sable, a pair of shears argent within an annulet Or. ├ ├Katheryn M'Kethirryke. ─ ─Device change. Per chevron azure and argent goutty de sang, two wolves combatant and a chief fleury argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Please instruct the submitter to draw the per chevron line of division with a higher peak, to more evenly divide the azure and argent portions of the field. ┬┬There is a step from period practice for the use of the chief fleury, which is unattested in period heraldry. ┬┬Her old device, ├├Or, two pallets sable overall two natural dolphins naiant in pale azure, a chief embattled sable──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Logan Blackwoulfe. ─ ─Device change. Quarterly gules and argent, a wolf rampant reguardant sable, crowned Or, between four crescents in saltire counterchanged, a bordure embattled sable. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The submitter is a duke and thus entitled to display a crown in his armory. ┬┬Please instruct the submitter to draw the crown so that the wolf is wearing it, rather than it appearing as if it is entirely behind the head. ┬┬His old device, ├├Quarterly gules and argent, a wolf rampant reguardant sable between four crescents in saltire counterchanged, a bordure embattled sable──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Magdalene de Hazebrouck. ─ ─Name change from Magdalena de Hazebrouck. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The byname ├├de Hazebrouck── is grandfathered to her. ┬┬Her previous name, ├├Magdalena de Hazebrouck──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Magdalene de Hazebrouck. ─ ─Release of alternate name Madeline Flemyng. ├ ├Margaret Wolseley. ─ ─Device. Vert, on a chief embattled argent three roundels azure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Commenters noted a conflict with Finn Kelly O'Donnell, ├├Vert, on a chief embattled argent six shamrocks in fess vert──. Finn was contacted and has released that badge elsewhere in this letter.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Mungo Napier. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ├ ├Sara Sinclair Napier. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ├ ├Segehart Leutmericz. ─ ─Name and device. Bendy Or and vert, a seagoat within a bordure argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Segehart ├├von── Le├├i──tmeri├├t──z──, the submitter requested authenticity for 13thę14th C GermanicęBohemia within the Holy Roman Empire. ├├Leitmeritz── was documented as a modern name of a diocese whose first church was built in 925. While this shows that the city existed in our period, it does not demonstrate either that ├├Leitmeritz── is a medieval name for the city or, if it was, that it is appropriate for the 13thę14th C. Walraven van Nijmegen provides the following information about Czech forms of the city name used in bynames: ┬┬┬┬Schwarz [1], s.n. ├├Leitmeritz── documents a Petrus Leutmericz in 1380. This is a partially Latinized Bohemian record, with a Czech spin on the spelling. The Czech pronunciation closely matches that expected from the submitted German spelling. The same source s.n. ├├Leitschner── has period examples of ├ ├Leitschnar─ ─ (1535ę48) and ├ ├Leutsch─ ─ (1541), which is evidence of vowel variation similar to that in the submission and documentation. ┬┬┬┬[1] ę Schwarz, Ernst. Sudetendeutsche Familiennamen des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts (M└G└nchen: Robert Lerche, Handbuch der Sudetendeutschen Kulturgeschichte, Bd. 6, 1973) ┬┬To meet the submitter's request for authenticity, we have changed the name to ├├Segehart_Le├├u──tmeri├├c──z──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Wil Elmsford. ─ ─Transfer of name and device to Ysolt la Bretonne. Vert, a unicorn's head couped between three quatrefoils barbed argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Ysolt is Wil's natural heir, attested by the laws of the state of North Carolina, a copy of Wil's death certificate listing his mother's name and the fact that he was never married, and a copy of an obituary stating that Ysolt, under her legal name, was the natural mother of Wil, under his legal name. This transfer is, therefore, valid.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ysolt la Bretonne. ─ ─Acceptance of transfer of alternate name Wil Elmsford and badge from Wil Elmsford. Vert, a unicorn's head couped between three quatrefoils barbed argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Ysolt is Wil's natural heir, attested by the laws of the state of North Carolina, a copy of Wil's death certificate listing his mother's name and the fact that he was never married, and a copy of an obituary stating that Ysolt, under her legal name, was the natural mother of Wil, under his legal name. This transfer is, therefore, valid.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ysolt la Bretonne. ─ ─Release of badge. Vert, a unicorn's head couped between three quatrefoils barbed argent. ┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├CAID┘ Ěľ ┘ Brynhildr kj{o,}lfari. ─ ─Name and device. Azure, on a cross sable fimbriated a lion passant between four fleursędeęlis bases to center Or. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Brynhildr kj├├└?└──lfari──, the documentation for the byname spelled it ├├kj├├{o,}──lfari──. We have made this correction.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Caid, Kingdom of. ─ ─Order name Order of Aurora Caidis (see RETURNS for badge). ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Order of ├├the── Aurora Caidis──, ├├Aurora── was documented as the name of the Roman goddess of the dawn. The August 2005 Cover Letter says: ┬┬┬┬First, is it reasonable to allow the registration of Orders named for nonęChristian Gods, demięGods, and Saints? We believe it is. The commenters all favored the logic behind such an extension and described it in terms consistent with the Rules for Submission. Furthermore, evidence from period order names suggests that there were wide reasons why an order might be named for a saint ęę simply as an expression of religious honor is only one reason among many. D.G. Neville, ├├Early Orders of Knighthood and Chivalry── discuss various reasons why a saint's name appears in an Order name. Some are named simply to honor a saint; the Swedish Order of the Brician Knights established in 1396 is such an Order. The rules of other orders are more closely connected to the saint whose name it bears; the Order of St. George, Burgundy was founded in 1400 "to guard some relics of Saint George." For other Orders, the saint's name is part of a specific place with which the order is associated; The Knights of the Holy Ghost, established 1486, are also known as "The Brethren of the Hospital of the Holy Ghost." There is one example where an order is named for the saint on whose feast day a victory was won (the Order of Saint Hubert of Juliers, established 1444). Given the wide range of reasons why a holy name might be attached to an order name, and given that religion and religious practice is very important to all medieval cultures, it seems logical to make such an extension. However, as we have no examples or such names, their use must be considered one step from period practice. The same logic may be applied to holy relics of nonęChristian deities and saints; they may be registered but must be considered one step from period practice. ┬┬Thus, this order name follows the period pattern of naming an order after deities and saints. However, the use of the definite article ├├the── is out of place in such a context, so we have dropped it to register the name as ├├Order of_Aurora Caidis──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Caid, Kingdom of. ─ ─Order name Order of the Chamfron of Caid. ├ ├Caid, Kingdom of. ─ ─Badge. Azure, a crescent argent and overall a lance Or, a bordure embattled argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge was to be associated with the order name ├├Order of the Golden Lance of Caid──. Since that name was not registered, we are unable to make this association.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Carina de Jean le Noir. ─ ─Name and device. Azure, a torch argent flammant Or between the wings of a vol argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬A number of commenters argued that this name was presumptuous, since it claims that the submitter is the daughter of ├├Jean le Noir──, a 14thęcentury French illuminator and court architect for the Valois kings of France. However, insufficient evidence was provided to show that ├├Jean le Noir── is important enough to protect from conflict. While a number of commenters recognized the name, he does not have his own entry in standard encyclopedias such as the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica. Another indication of his lack of general familiarity outside of specialist circles is that he does not have a page in Wikipedia. ┬┬This name combines French and Italian, which is a step from period practice. ┬┬Commenters requested that the device be visually compared to the device of Wulfgar Brandbeorn, ├├Azure, a winged torch argent enflamed proper within a bordure argent──. The two devices are technically clear, with CDs for adding the bordure and for the arrangement of the central charges. The addition of the bordure, and the fact that the wings in Wulfgar's device issue from the sides of the torch while the wings in Carina's device are below the torch and visually separated from it, cause enough visual difference that the "overwhelming visual resemblance" required for an X.5 return is not met.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Cassandra Zo└-└ Paganel. ─ ─Device. Sable, a winged bear rampant reguardant wings displayed, in chief a compass star argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The use of a compass star is a step from period practice. According to section VII.5 of the Rules for Submissions, the creation of winged monsters is explicitly not a step from period practice. Since there is only a single step from period practice, we are able to register this device.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ceolwynn of Calafia. ─ ─Holding name and device. Per fess gules and azure, in base a demięsun issuant from the line of division Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted under the name ├├Ceolwynn └%└t Galtris──, in February 2009, that name was returned on the October 2008 LoAR, which was published in January 2009. Technically, this submission could be returned administratively for being submitted without a name registered or in process. Submissions heralds are reminded to please doubleęcheck to ensure that the name is either registered or still in process when submitting a Letter of Intent.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Haraldr hl└└trmildr. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Haraldr hl└└t├├ręm──ildr──, the byname ├├hl└└tręmildr── was documented from the return of the submitter's previous submission on the May 2008 LoAR, which says in part: ┬┬┬┬┬┬On the other hand, Zoega (as cited above), gives an adjectival word "prone to laughter." It's in CleasbyęVigfusson as well. It seems to have affected Middle English, as the Middle English Dictionary cites a word (no really) 'sober, not prone to laughter' derived from it. ┬┬┬┬We would change the name to that form, but the submitter will not accept major changes. We are, therefore, forced to return the name. ┬┬However, the recommendation of ├├hl└└tręmildr── was made on the basis of a misreading of the entry in Zo└-└ga. The presence of the dash is to indicate that the word is a compound of the elements ├├hl└└tr── and ├├mildr──. In actual usage, the dash would not have been present, e.g., ├├hl└└trmildr──. We have changed the name to ├├Haraldr hl└└t├├rm──ildr── in order to correct the grammar so that it can be registered. We apologize to the submitter for the incorrect recommendation given in the return of his previous submission.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Hugh de Greylonde. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Lyon of Darkwater. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬├├Darkwater── is the registered name of an SCA branch.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Niccolo d'Angelo. ─ ─Name and device. Bendy sable and argent, on a chief gules a lion passant Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This does not conflict with ├├Nicola Angelini──. Though the bynames are both patronymic bynames and ├├Angelino── is a diminutive of ├├Angelo──, the case of ├├d'Angelo── vs. ├├Angelini── is analogous to that of ├├Hobson── vs. ├├Robertson── in RfS V.1.a.ii.(a): ┬┬┬┬├├Hobson── is significantly different from ├├Robertson──, however, because ├├Hob── and ├├Robert── differ significantly in sound and appearance and are not being used in given names. ┬┬Similarly, ├├Angelo── and ├├Angelino── differ significantly in sound and appearance and they are not being used in given names, so ├├d'Angelo── and ├├Angelini── are significantly different. ┬┬Nice device!┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Philip Berenger de Greylonde. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Starkhafn, Barony of. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) On a roundel sable between and conjoined to eight crescents in annulo horns outward a flame argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge does not conflict with the many badges registered to Caid's various baronies of the form ├├(Fieldless) On a roundel [tincture] between an conjoined to eight crescents in annulo horns outward [a tertiary charge group]──. There is a CD for the fieldless design and, in each case, a CD for substantially changing the type of charge in the tertiary charge. There is no difference granted for changing the tincture of the roundel, since the roundel and crescents are coęprimary charges, and changing the tincture of only one of the nine charges in a group is not significant under our rules.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Sven └>└rfhendur. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) A Hungerford knot sable. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Since both Hungerford and Bowen knots were used and uniquely distinguished in period heraldry, they are significantly different. Therefore, this badge is clear of the badge of Darcy Graham, ├├Argent, a Bowen knot in cross sable──. There is a CD for the difference between a fielded and fieldless design and a CD for the difference in the type of knot.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Sven └>└rfhendur. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) A Hungerford knot inverted sable. ├ ├Tairdelbach Clannach. ─ ─Name change from holding name Timothy of Calafia. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬As documented, the name combined a Middle Irish given name with an Early Modern Irish byname, which is a step from period practice. However, the ├├Dictionary of the Irish Language── notes that ├├Clannach── is also the Middle Irish form of the word, so this name can be seen as wholly Middle Irish.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Thea Gabrielle Northernridge. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) On a hand of Fatima Or a star of David purpure. ┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├CALONTIR┘ Ěľ ┘ └$└sa K└└rsd└;└ttir. ─ ─Name. ┼┼ ├ ├Brigida von M└G└nchen. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) A monk's hood argent. ├ ├Calontir, Kingdom of. ─ ─Heraldic title Batelier Herald. ├ ├Daniel of Calanais Nuadh. ─ ─Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent semy of shamrocks, on a pile inverted throughout vert a halberd argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is clear of that of Sib└└n in Feda, ├├Argent semy of leaves, on a pile inverted vert a weaver's knot argent──. Precedent says: ┬┬┬┬When comparing per chevron armory with pile inverted armory, the two items must be compared as if they both used a per chevron field, and also as if they both used the charge of a pile inverted. [Dun an Chalaidh, Shire of, 08/01, RęAn Tir] ┬┬When the devices are considered only as having a primary charge of a pile inverted, there is a CD for the change of type of secondary charge group (leaves to shamrocks) and a CD, under Section X.4.j.ii of the Rules for Submission for the change of only type of the tertiary charge, and the devices are clear. ┬┬Considered as having per chevron fields, they are also clear. While the September 2008 ruling in the return of Ia ingen └└eda says that charges on either side of a line of division are coęprimary charges ["As two types of charges lying on either side of a line of division, this is four coęprimary charges, not a primary and three secondary charges"], another precedent overrides that when semy of charges are involved: ┬┬┬┬[├├Per fess sable mullety Or and azure, a dance and in base a sun Or──] The device does not conflict with ... ├├Per fess gules mullety Or, and vert, a dance and in base a terrestrial sphere Or──. There is one CD for the change to the field. There is another CD for the change in type of the charge group in base, which is a different charge group from the semy group in chief. ├├By current precedent, the semy charges must be in a separate group from all other charges── (LoAR 7/01, Giraude Benet). [Wolfgang Dracke, 11/01, AęArtemisia] ┬┬Due to that precedent, the semy group is considered a separate group than the charge in base. Therefore, the two devices are clear under X.2, since a halberd is substantially different than a weaver's knot. ┬┬Submitted under the name ├├Daniel mac N└)└ill──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ingjaldr inn st└;└rh{o,}ggvi. ─ ─Name change from holding name Ignatios of Grimfells. ├ ├Leif Andersson. ─ ─Badge (see RETURNS for other badge). Azure, in pale a bull passant guardant and a greyhound courant argent. ├ ├R└C└ad└└n del Wich. ─ ─Name and device. Per bend sinister rayonny argent and sable, a hawk and a wolf sejant counterchanged, a bordure azure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This name combines Gaelic and English, which is a step from period practice.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Sefa Stein└;└lfsd└;└ttir. ─ ─Device. Per bend azure and argent goutty de sang, a doubleębitted axe bendwise per bend argent and azure, in sinister chief in fess a roundel between an increscent and a decrescent argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The combination of the roundel and the crescents is a step from period practice, by precedent: ┬┬┬┬The motif ├├a roundel between an increscent and a decrescent── has previously been ruled registerable but one step from period practice [Linet Gr└1└m└;└fsd└;└ttir 7/2005] ┬┬The submitted device is not slotęmachine heraldry. Slotęmachine is defined as armory having a charge group that contains three different types of charges. The charge group in sinister chief consists of a roundel and two crescents. The gouttes are in another, separate, secondary charge group. While crescents in many orientations are seen commonly enough in armory that there are terms for each of the facings, the use of separate terms does not make them different types.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├S└Q└ren atte Raven. ─ ─Name and device. Per saltire gules and argent, in pale two drums Or and in fess two ravens sable. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├S├├└?└──ren atte Raven──, the only documentation provided for the spelling ├├S└?└ren── was Bahlow, ├├A Dictionary of German Names──, s.n. S└?└r(e)nsen which says: ┬┬┬┬S└?└r(e)nsen (freq. in Hbg. and Holstein), S└?└rens; patr. 'son of ├├S└?└ren──, i.e. a Danish form of Severin (a saint's n.), see this. Wellęknown from the Danish Theologian S└?└ren Kierkegaard, Cf, the Church of St. Severin or S└?└ren in old Haldsl. Also S└?└hren, S└?└hrnsen. ┬┬This entry gives evidence only that St. Severin is known ├├modernly── as ├├S└?└ren──, not that this is a period form of the name. Academy of Saint Gabriel Report #1952 says: ┬┬┬┬The modern Danish name and the modern Swedish name ultimately derived from the name of St. Severinus. is found in Denmark from c.1400 on. We find it spelled as in 1403ę1540, though the spellings and were more typical for that period. [1] first came to Norway c.1440; after 1500 it became more common, especially in the form . [2] We haven't been able to determine when the name spread to Sweden, we think it is likely that the name was used there by the 16th century. ┬┬┬┬[1] Knudsen Gunnar, Marius Kristiansen, & Rikard Hornby, ├├Danmarks Gamle Personnavne──, Vol. I: Fornavne (Copenhagen: 1936ę48). s.n. Severin. ┬┬┬┬[2] Kruken, Kristoffer, ed. ├├Norsk personnamnleksikon──, 2nd ed. (Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, 1995). s.nn. Severin, S└Q└ren. ┬┬Lacking evidence that ├├S└?└ren── is a period spelling of the name, it is not registerable. We have changed the name to the documentable form ├├S└Q└ren── in order to register it. ┬┬This name combines Danish or Norwegian and English; either is a step from period practice. ┬┬Blazoned on the LoI as ├├crows──, crows and ravens are heraldically equivalent. The blazon was changed so that the arms are a cant on his byname.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Uldin de Vatavia. ─ ─Device. Per pall inverted sable, argent and gules, two chess pawns in chevron argent and sable. ├ ├Yamamoto Yukiko. ─ ─Device. Azure, three chevronels braced and in chief five gouttes, a bordure argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is not in conflict with that of Robert du Mont, ├├Azure, three chevronels braced and in chief a crescent all within a bordure argent.── There is a CD for the change of type of secondary charges (crescent to gouttes) and another for change of number of secondary charges (one to five).┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├EALDORMERE┘ Ěľ ┘ Anne of Saffronwalden. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Anne of Saffron_Walden──, precedent from February 2009 says: ┬┬┬┬Submitted as ├├Clare de Chepyng ├├Campedene────, past precedent has ruled that compound placenames cannot be used in English locative bynames: ┬┬┬┬┬┬Lyneyea of AstonęuponęTrent. Name. The name uses a compound locative as a byname, but no documentation was submitted and none found showing any English surnames that evolved from a full compound placeęname rather than just the first part of the placeęname. Such bynames were declared unregisterable for Spanish names in 2002: ┬┬┬┬┬┬┬┬Lacking documentation that compound forms of placenames like Santiago de Compostela were used in locative bynames, this cannot be registered. [Beatriz de Santiago de Compostela, 01/02, RęCaid] ┬┬┬┬┬┬Barring evidence of locative bynames formed from full compound placenames in English, such names cannot be registered. We would drop the compound and register the byname as ├├└$└stun──, but the submitter will not accept major changes. [03/2005 LoAR, MeridiesęR] ┬┬┬┬No new documentation was shown for locative bynames formed from full compound placenames in English, so they continue to be unregisterable. As the submitter allows all changes, we have dropped the final element of the place name to register the name as ├├Clare de Chepyng_──. [LoAR 02/2009, OutlandsęA] ┬┬Edelweiss provided examples of compound place names used in English locative bynames, from the UK National Archives: ├├Johan fil Andrew de Pett Bamton── [Little Bampton] 1333, ├├John fit [sic] Johns de Sutton sup. Trenta── [Sutton on Trent] 1348, ├├Richard le fitz Robt. de Walton en la Dale── [WaltonęleęDale] c.1350, ├├Merand Gay de Cheping Toryton── [Chipping Torrington] 1390, ├├Margaret Shephard de Hampton en la Vaale── [Hampton in the Vale] 1388. He also notes that: ┬┬┬┬The other common usage is to merge the two words into one, eg: ┬┬┬┬SC 8/13/616 Robt. Bruton de Chepyngnorton [Chipping Norton] 1348 ┬┬┬┬SC 8/131/6546 & SC 8/4/153 Wauter in theherne de Estsmethefeld [East Smithfield] c.1320 ┬┬┬┬(The East contraction is common, this being a single example. The is a construction I've not come across before. According to the OED a herne is a corner, nook or hiding place.) ┬┬┬┬SC 8/252/12591 Henry Scot de Hogenorton [Hook Norton] 1386 ┬┬┬┬SC 8/181/9016 William Credi & Roger Credi de Stokepogeys [Stoke Poges] c.1392 ┬┬┬┬SC 8/121/6048 John Warde de Kirbebydon [Kirby Bydon] c.1381ę2 ┬┬All of these examples support the use of compound place names in English locative bynames, so we overturn the precedent affirmed in February 2009. However, the examples show that in the case of compound place names where the first element is not a word for 'great' or 'little', the two elements were usually combined. e.g., ├├Saffronwalden──. We have only one example where this is not the case, ├├de Cheping Toryton── cited above, and a single example is not sufficient to generalize from. We have changed the name to ├├Anne of Saffro├├nw──alden── to match the period examples in order to register it.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Celeste d'Arles. ─ ─Device. Argent, a saltire between in pale two sailless ships and in fess two trefoils vert. ├ ├Eadwine de Fuscote. ─ ─Name change from Eadwine de Foxcote and device change (see RETURNS for badge). Argent, a fox's mask gules and in chief three annulets, a bordure sable. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬His previous name, ├├Eadwine de Foxcote──, is retained as an alternate name. ┬┬His previous device, ├├Per saltire gules and argent, two fox's masks in pale argent and two annulets in fess sable──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Edmund Fitzgerald. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This submission generated a large amount of commentary, all in connection with the eponymous ship in Gordon Lightfoot's song "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald". These comments raised three arguments for returning it: (1) that the name conflicts with either the name of the ship or the person it was named for, (2) that the name is overly evocative of the name of the ship, even if it doesn't conflict with it, and (3) that the name is obtrusively modern. We'll deal with each of these in turn. ┬┬First, we note that even though the names are identical, the personal name ├├Edmund Fitzgerald── does not conflict with the ship's name ├├Edmund Fitzgerald──; personal names do not conflict with nonępersonal names. The ship was named for a real person, the president and chairman of the board of Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company, but no evidence was provided that this Edmund Fitzgerald is important enough to protect from conflict. So the current submission also does not conflict with the historical person after whom the ship was named. ┬┬Second, even if the names do not conflict, it may be the case that the name is presumptuous. RfS VI.4 "Other Presumptuous Names" says: ┬┬┬┬Other Presumptuous Names. ę Some names not otherwise forbidden by these rules are nevertheless too evocative of widely known and revered protected items to be registered. ┬┬Given the number of commenters who noted that they did not know the Gordon Lightfoot song and had never heard of either the ship or its wreck, the ├├Edmund Fitzgerald── is not widely enough known for this rule to be applicable. Even if it were, there is nothing presumptuous in having the same name as a ship (unlike, e.g., having a household name which indicates that some of the household members are companions of one of the SCAęwide orders); for example, the personal name ├├Mairi Rose── was registered in August 2005 despite the fact that it is phonetically almost identical to the warship ├├Mary Rose──. ┬┬Third, even if there is technically no conflict, and the name is not overly evocative of the ship, there is the question of obtrusive modernity. A number of commenters argued that the name was obtrusively modern, since they immediately thought of the Gordon Lightfoot song upon seeing the name, and thus it "grabbed the listener by the scruff of the neck and hauled him, will he or nill he, back into the 20th Century". This is in reference to precedent set in the 08/1992 return of ├├Porsche Audi──: ┬┬┬┬Second, this infringes on the PorscheęAudi division of Volkswagen of America, a registered corporation. Laurel took the most direct method of discovering this: he visited a local PorscheęAudi dealership. The conjunction of the names is distinctive and famous enough to warrant protection. ┬┬┬┬Which leads us to the third problem, intrusive modernity. Arguably, both the above problems could be solved by substituting Portia for Porsche, but the problem of modernity would remain. Lord Crescent is correct when he states that there is no Rule explicitly banning intrusively modern names. Nonetheless, intrusive modernity is given as a reason for armorial return (VIII.4.b); it is given as a reason for not accepting mundane names, even under the Mundane Name Allowance (II.4); we may reasonably infer that intrusive modernity is unacceptable. ┬┬┬┬If a specific Rule must be cited, Rule I.1 requires all names to be "compatible with the period and domain of the Society"; moreover, even names formed from period elements can be returned if "they have been specifically declared incompatible by these rules, Laurel precedent, or a policy statement from the Board of Directors." Intrusive modernity has been declared sufficient reason for return in the past: Joe Westermark, the Artemisian Tank Corps, Rolling Thunder, and the Societas Historum Mortum have all been returned for modernity. The precedent is wellęestablished, and therefore, by I.1 may be cited as reason for return. ┬┬┬┬The fact that this is a "joke name" is not, in and of itself, a problem. The College has registered a number of names, perfectly period in formation, that embodied humor: Drew Steele, Miles Long, and John of Somme Whyre spring to mind as examples. They may elicit chuckles (or groans) from the listener, but no more. Intrusively modern names grab the listener by the scruff of the neck and haul him, will he or nill he, back into the 20th Century. A name that, by its very presence, destroys any medieval ambience is not a name we should register. [LoAR 08/1992, Porsche Audi, CaidęR] ┬┬Effric neyn Kenyocht argues that this precedent does not apply in the current case: ┬┬┬┬The threshold for obtrusive modernity is really quite high. was a problem because the combination of not one but two modern sports cars in a single name does grab you by the scruff of the neck, etc. ęę indeed, it pretty much rubs your face in the 21st century no matter how hard you might try to resist. just doesn't do that ęę at most it is the kind of modern reference that you can talk yourself out of by noting what a lovely medieval name it is. ┬┬Both elements of the submitted name are common in lateęperiod AngloęIrish records; in fact, we there are two different men named ├├Edmund Fitzgerald── and ├├Edmund FitzGerald── in 1549 and 1601, in Appendix IX of ├├The Eighth Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in Ireland── (Dublin: Alexander Thom, 1876), and Appendix VI of ├├The Eighteenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in Ireland──, (Dublin: Alex. Thom. & Company, 1886), respectively. A name which is found in our period almost by definition cannot be ├ ├obtrusively─ ─ modern, even if it does have modern connections and references. We feel that this name is much closer to the level of joke names such as ├├Miles Long──, ├├Sexi Lovechild──, etc., than it is to obtrusively modern names such as ├├Porsche Audi──. As such, it is registerable.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Liadan Chu. ─ ─Badge (see RETURNS for household name). Per bend sinister sable mullety argent and argent, a bend sinister wavy gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Please instruct the submitter to draw larger, more prominent waves. ┬┬The submitter's primary name was listed on the LoI as ├├Liad├├i──n Chu──, but it was registered as ├├Liad├├a──n Chu──. Please see the Cover Letter of this LoAR for a discussion of why it is so important that the correct registered form of the submitter's name be used on the LoI.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Mary Hannah le Moyne of Butterfield. ─ ─Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and azure, two quavers Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Listed on the LoI as ├├Mar├├i── ├├A──nn├├a── le Moyne_──, the name was originally submitted as ├├Mar├├y── ├├Ha──nn├├ah── le Moyne ├├of Butterfield────, and changed in kingdom to match the available documentation. The commenters provided documentation for the originally submitted elements. ┬┬The spelling ├├Mary── is the most common Englishęlanguage spelling of the name, occurring from the 13th century onwards in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in ├├A Dictionary of English Surnames──". ┬┬According to Withycombe, ├├Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names──, s.n. Hannah, ├├Hannah── came into use [in English] at the Reformation." Edelweiss provides a number of citations of the name from baptisms in English parish registers, including ├├Hannah Stephens──, bap. 15 June 1600, Westbury on Severn, Gloucestershire, ├├Hannah Johnson──, bap. 29 July 1582, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, ├├Hannah Johnson──, bap. 10 Oct. 1591, Orwell, Cambridgeshire, ├├Hannah Wright──, bap. 02 Jan. 1597, Dennington, Suffolk, and ├├Hannah Jackson──, bap. 11 Aug. 1594, died 23 July 1595, Melsonby, Yorkshire. ┬┬Reaney & Wilson, ├├A Dictionary of English Surnames──, s.n. Butterfield does not have any citations of this particular spelling, but ├├de Butterfeld'── is dated to 1231 and 1379, and the spelling ├├field── is dated to a1393 in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. field. On the basis of these examples, ├├Butterfield── is a plausible 14th C spelling of the place name. ┬┬Given this information, all of the originally submitted elements can be documented. There is a temporal disparity of greater than 300 years between the late 16th century dates for ├├Hannah── and the mid 13th century dates for ├├le Moyne──, but as this is the only step from period practice, the name as originally submitted is registerable, so we have restored it to that form. ┬┬Regarding the device, some commenters argued that the musical notes depicted here are too modern in appearance, because of the presence of the flags and the angle at which the stems of the notes are drawn. Instead, research shows that neither of these concerns is an issue. Flags were added to musical notes in late period, as can be seen in period manuscripts. One of the more accessible examples is viewable at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loyset_Comp└/└re, a work written in 1472. Notes leaning at various angles can be seen in the Old Hall Manuscript, which was compiled in the early 15th Century, a page of which can be seen at http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/musicmanu/oldhall/large17729.html. Note the shape and angle of the stem on the tenth note on the seventh stave, which leans sharply to the left to avoid the words above it. ┬┬Anyone wishing more enlightenment into the shape of notes in period manuscripts is invited to peruse the ├├Digital Archive of Medieval Music── (free registration required) at http://www.diamm.ac.uk/ with particular attention to the manuscript labeled as "London / British Library / Add. 37075", which has square, round, and triangular shaped note bodies with stems issuing from both the top center and the right hand side of the body, some of which are at angles even steeper than those shown in the submission.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Torran of Vest Yorvik. ─ ─Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per pale purpure and azure, a chevron argent and in chief two winged shoes, wings addorsed and toes outward argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted under the name ├├Torran the Swift──.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├GLEANN ABHANN┘ Ěľ ┘ Ashikaga Hiromoto. ─ ─Device. Per bend sinister Or and gules, on a bend sinister argent seven roundels sable. ┼┼ ├ ├Ashikaga Hiromoto. ─ ─Badge. Per bend sinister Or and gules, on a bend sinister argent between two fans counterchanged seven roundels sable. ├ ├Ashikaga Hiromoto. ─ ─Badge. Gules, on a triangle argent a knot of three loops and five tassels gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is clear of the device of Ogami Akira, ├├Gules, a triangle argent within a delf voided and fracted in cross argent.── There is a CD for the removal of the delf and a CD for the addition of the knot.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ashikaga Hiromoto. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) On a fan within and conjoined to an annulet argent, a roundel sable. ├ ├Dametta of Arundel. ─ ─Device change. Per pale purpure and sable, a gryphon segreant maintaining a chalice, on a chief argent three posnets per pale purpure and sable. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬├├Posnet── is a period blazon term for the fleshpot, a stout threeęlegged pot with two handles. This term is used in the Randall Holme Roll, in the late 15th Century. Either term (├├posnet── or ├├fleshpot──) is acceptable. ┬┬Her old armory, ├├Per bend sinister argent and azure, a rose and a horse rampant contourny, a bordure counterchanged──, is released.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Dametta of Arundel. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) On a posnet per pale purpure and sable, a gryphon segreant maintaining a chalice argent. ├ ├Johannes von Greiffenburg. ─ ─Device. Sable, a griffin argent, a bordure compony argent and gules all semyędeęlys counterchanged. ├ ├Lorcc└└n na T└C└aithe. ─ ─Device. Vert, a raven trussing a rabbit between three triquetras, one and two, Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬├├Trussed── charges are charges which are shown in the claws of raptors, caught as prey. They are considered maintained charges unless explicitly blazoned otherwise.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Otto de Koopman. ─ ─Name reconsideration from Otto Copman and device. Per bend sable and azure, a closed fetterlock argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The submitter requested authenticity for Dutch. This is a fine 14th C Dutch name. ┬┬The device is clear from the device of Saethryth Seolforlocc, ├├Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a padlock argent──. There is a CD for the change of field and a CD for the difference between a padlock and a fetterlock.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├LOCHAC┘ Ěľ ┘ Alexandro Donado. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Great 15th C Venetian name!┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Dallan ua Lorccain. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ├ ├Eadwyn └%└t Hlydanforda. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Emma of Wolvercote. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Enith verch Gwilim. ─ ─Name. ├ ├Ginevra Isabella di Serafino Visconti. ─ ─Name and device. Azure, a unicorn couchant within a bordure embattled argent. ├ ├Lowrans Wilyamson. ─ ─Name and device. Or, a saltire and a chief azure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Listed on the LoI as ├├Lowr├├e──ns Wilyamson──, the name was originally submitted as ├├Lowr├├a──ns Wilyamson──, and changed in kingdom to match the available documentation for the given name, Symon Freser of Lovat, "13th & 14th Century Scottish Names". However, the originally submitted spelling is also acceptable; Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Scots names found in ├├Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue──" dates the given name ├├Lowrans── to 1468 and 1475. We have restored the name to the originally submitted form. ┬┬Nice device!┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Lowrans Wilyamson. ─ ─Blanket permission to conflict with device. Or, a saltire and a chief azure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The permission to conflict is for any armory that is one countable step (CD) different from his device.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Mielikko Karvulakki. ─ ─Name and device. Sable, a bend sinister erminois between two lynxes statant contourny argent. ├ ├Mielikko Karvulakki. ─ ─Blanket permission to conflict with device. Sable, a bend sinister erminois between two lynxes statant contourny argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The permission to conflict is for any armory that is one countable step (CD) different from his device.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Oddi meinfretr Hafsson. ─ ─Device. Per bend sinister wavy argent and vert, a goat rampant gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Please instruct the submitter to draw the per bend sinister wavy line with deeper, more prominent waves.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Oddi meinfretr Hafsson. ─ ─Blanket permission to conflict with device. Per bend sinister wavy argent and vert, a goat rampant gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The permission to conflict is for any armory that is one countable step (CD) different from his device.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Rosanella Soranzo. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├MERIDIES─ ─┘ Ěľ ┘ None.┼┼┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├MIDDLE┘ Ěľ ┘ Ari keilismuli. ─ ─Alternate name Luciano Castellani da Firenze (see RETURNS for badge). ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Listed on the LoI as ├├Luciano ├├dei── Cast├├i──ll├├ai──ni da Firenze──, the name was actually submitted as ├├Luciano dei Cast├├e──ll├├a──ni da Firenze──. No documentation was provided, and none could be found by the commenters that ├├Castillaini── is a plausible variant spelling of the documented ├├Castellani──. Lacking such evidence, ├├Castillaini── is not registerable. ┬┬The submitter requested authenticity for 15th C Italian, but this request was not summarized on the LoI. Had the commenters not provided information on authentic 15th C Italian forms of this name, we would have had to pend it. Siren says: ┬┬┬┬The Catasto has examples of before family names, including and , both from the Complete Names section of my Condado article (found at http://www.sęgabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/completenames.html). These are taken from declarations that Herlihy gave in the books, and are documentary forms, unlike the database forms, which are somewhat standardized. Removing / is one of the things the database creators did. ┬┬┬┬Like Mari, I see no evidence for , rather than . So, doesn't bug me. While seems to be a slightly later form than , it doesn't bug me either. But I'd like to see evidence for another byname after a family name using /. I'd understand that in modern terms as "of the Florentine Castellani family" rather than as two bynames referring independently to Luciano. And I'm not sure if they did that before 1600. ┬┬┬┬Luciano Castellani da Firenze would not be the most typical form for a man in 1427 Florence, but is certainly found. In the complete names from declarations for the 1427 Catasto in my "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions," one can find and , as well as forms that match slightly less well such as . In other words, it's fine without . ┬┬┬┬I've seen no evidence to date of in a period Italian name. That doesn't mean it doesn't exist. If he really likes , dropping might also be a possibility. ┬┬To meet his request for authenticity, we have changed the name to ├├Luciano_Castellani da Firenze──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ayreton, Barony of. ─ ─Branch name. ├ ├Khayra bint Mujahid alęTayyib. ─ ─Name and device. Azure, on a fess wavy Or three hurts. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This was pended on the December 2008 LoAR because the submitter had requested authenticity, but this authenticity request was not summarized on the LoI, and so the commenters were not able to address it. ┬┬Siren provided the following information about the name: ┬┬┬┬ is the name of a companion of the prophet, but is not found in the later data we have; as a byname is found in alęAndalus, but not in the data about Arabian practice that Da'ud has; and is found in both data sets, but not until long after is not in use. ┬┬In the Islamic world there is a pattern of using names of the Companions of the Prophet, even sometimes fairly obscure ones, so it is possible that ├├Khayra── was used in the later period when ├├Mujahid── was used. However, since we haven't found any explicit evidence that ├├Khayra── was used when ├├Mujahid── was, we cannot confirm that the name is authentic. ┬┬The device was pended on the same LoAR, because the submitter would not accept a holding name.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Odile de Brienne. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Odile ├├Endormie── de Brienne──, the byname ├├Endormie── was documented from the Random House French Dictionary. This documentation provides no evidence that ├├Endormie── 'asleep' is a period word or that it is a plausible preę1600 French byname. Lacking such evidence, ├├Endormie── is not registerable. The submitter noted that if ├├Endormie── was not registerable, she would accepted ├├Dormane──, which is found in Morlet, ├├Dictionnaire └(└tymologique des Noms de Famille──, s.n. Dormand. However, ├├Dormane── does not in fact appear in the entry for ├├Dormand──. As no alternative documentation was found for ├├Dormane──, it is likewise not registerable. ┬┬Because the submitter accepts all changes, and cares most about having a French language name, we have dropped the problematic element to register the name as ├├Odile_de Brienne──. If instead the submitter cares more about having a byname meaning 'sleepy, asleep' than having a French name, we can recommend an alternative. Reaney & Wilson, ├├A Dictionary of English Surnames──, s.n. Dormer dates ├├Geoffrey Dormour── to 1327, which they derive from French ├├dormeur── 'sleeper, sluggard'. ├├Odile ├├Dormour── de Brienne── would also be registerable as a mixed French/English name.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ulfr Imason. ─ ─Name and device. Gyronny arrondi vert and argent, a bordure azure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The documentation was inadequately summarized on the LoI; no header name or page numbers were provided for the citations of the byname. Had the commenters not provided alternative documentation, we would have been forced to pend or return this name. ┬┬The device is clear of the device of Stephan le fiz Ricard, ├├Bendy gules and argent, a bordure azure──. Under Section X.4.a.ii of the Rules for Submission, two pieces of fieldęprimary armory are considered to not conflict with changes that would, in the presence of a primary charge group, be considered a single CD. Both Ulfr and Stephan's devices, each having only a field and a peripheral ordinary, are fieldęprimary. Section X.4.a.ii.(a) says that "If two pieces of fieldęprimary armory have substantially different partitions, they are considered sufficiently different and do not conflict, irrespective of any other similarities between them." Gyronny and bendy are styles of partition explicitly stated to be substantially different from each other, therefore these two devices are considered clear. ┬┬It is also clear of the device of Frithiof Sigvardsson Sk└└gge, ├├Gyronny argent and vert, an orle sable.── There are two CDs for changing both type and tincture of the secondary charge.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Wolfram von Waldersbach. ─ ─Name (see RETURNS for device). ┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├NORTHSHIELD┘ Ěľ ┘ Crispin Fletcher. ─ ─Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a dragon and a sheaf of arrows inverted counterchanged. ┼┼ ├ ├Maryam bint Wahib ibn Ahmad. ─ ─Alternate name Ishikawa Ayame. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The documentation for the name was inadequately summarized on the LoI. A source was cited, but no page numbers or dates for the elements were given. Had the commenters not provided alternative documentation for the name, we would have been forced to pend or return this.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Northshield, Kingdom of. ─ ─Order name Order of the Aquila et Fulmen (see RETURNS for other order names). ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Submitted as ├├Order of_Aquila ├├and Thunderbolt────, this form violated RfS III.1.A Linguistic Consistency by combining Latin ├├Aquila── and English ├├and Thunderbolt── in the same phrase. The submitters indicated that if the name had to be in one language, they preferred Latin rather than English. There are two Latin words which can be translated 'thunderbolt', ├├fulmen── and ├├fulgur──. Of these two, ├├fulmen── is a more appropriate choice to translate the heraldic charge thunderbolt. Latham, ├├Revised Medieval Latin WordęList── s.v. fulmen dates the adjectival derivative ├├fulminatrix── to c1595 and glosses it 'having a thunderbolt as an emblem'. We have also added the missing definite article ├├the── to correct the grammar of the descriptive, and are registering the name as ├├Order of ├├the── Aquila ├├et Fulmen────. ┬┬This name uses an Englishęlanguage designator in an otherwise Latin name. This has previously been ruled acceptable: ┬┬┬┬[Order name ├├Order of the Aries──] RfS III.1.a states in part: ┬┬┬┬┬┬Each phrase must be grammatically correct according to the usage of a single language. ┬┬┬┬┬┬For the purposes of this rule a phrase may consist of a single word (├├Heinrich──, ├├Calais──) or of a grammatically connected series of words (├├the Garter──, ├├the Dragons Heart──, ├├with the Beard──, ├├von K└?└nigsberg──) in a single language. ┬┬┬┬For order and award names, we have traditionally allowed the designator and following prepositions and articles (such as ├├Award of──, ├├Order of the──) to be rendered in English rather than in the language of the rest of the name. Examples from 2000 and forward include: ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the Cercle d'Honneur── [Arn Hold, Barony of, 01/2000] ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the Fer de Moline── [Arn Hold, Barony of, 01/2000] ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the Fleur of └$└thelmearc── [└$└thelmearc, Kingdom of, 02/2000] ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the Faering── [Storvik, Barony of, 11/2001] ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the H{oe}verska of Starkhafn── [Starkhafn, Barony of, 09/2002] ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the Steinn of Starkhafn── [Starkhafn, Barony of, 09/2002] ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the Stjarna of Starkhafn── [Starkhafn, Barony of, 09/2002] ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Order of the Ulft└?└nn of Starkhafn── [Starkhafn, Barony of, 09/2002] ┬┬┬┬Based on these examples, ├├Order of ├├the── Aries── is a registerable order name referring to a ram. ├├Order of _Aries── would use ├├Aries── as a proper noun, rather than a generic noun meaning 'ram', and so would specifically refer to the constellation name. Lacking evidence that order names were based on constellations, the submitted ├├Order of Aries── is not registerable. As the submitters allow minor changes, we have added the article the in order to register this name. [Gleann Abhann, Principality of, 06/2003 LoAR, AęMeridies] ┬┬A wholly Latin form of the name would be ├├Ordo Aquilae et Fulminis── or ├├Ordo Aquilae Fulminisque──. A wholly English form of the name would be ├├Order of the Eagle and Thunderbolt──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Northshield, Kingdom of. ─ ─Designator change Award of the Griffin and Sword from Order of the Griffin and Sword. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Listed on the LoI as a designator change from ├├Order of_Griffin and Sword── to ├├Award of_Griffin and Sword──, the registered form of the name included the definite article in the designator, so we have restored the article to match the registered form.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Northshield, Kingdom of. ─ ─Badge association for the populace. (Fieldless) A griffin passant Or. ├ ├Northshield, Kingdom of. ─ ─Badge association for the populace. Sable, a compass rose argent, a bordure Or. ├ ├Ulfhildr └Y└egjandi. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬A number of the commenters said that the byname ├├└Y└egjandi── should be modified to ├├└Y└egjanda── so that the gender of the byname matched the gender of the given name. This is incorrect. The byname ├├└Y└egjandi── 'silent' is grammatically a noun, and Geirr Bassi Haraldsson, ├├The Old Norse Name──, p. 18 says that "a noun may be used as a nickname for either a man or a woman; the gender of the noun and that of the bearer may or may not agree." Thus, the name is correct as submitted.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├OUTLANDS─ ─┘ Ěľ ┘ None.┼┼┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├TRIMARIS┘ Ěľ ┘ Crispin d'Ardenne. ─ ─Reblazon of device. Sable, on a fess between six swords inverted four and two argent a lion dormant azure. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Blazoned when registered in September 1997, via Trimaris, as ├├Sable, on a fess argent between six swords inverted four and two, a lion dormant azure──, the swords are argent.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├WEST┘ Ěľ ┘ Lizbeth Ravensholm. ─ ─Reblazon of device. Gules, a wolf passant reguardant argent maintaining on its back a raven sable. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Blazoned when registered in January 1974 under the name ├├Marisela of Muninsgard── as ├├Gules, a wolf passant regardant argent, armed sable: perched on his back a raven croaking proper──, the raven is too small to count for difference, so we are blazoning it as a maintained charge. The original blazon was ambiguous as to whether the raven was a maintained charge or a secondary charge.┘ 2Ě ┘ đđ├├ę Explicit littera accipiendorum ę──┘ Ě╣ ┘ ── Ň3┘ Ě╣ ┘đľ╚đčđđđđä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  äT$                                                                            ääđđĐ#É6˘\  PÄ6QÉP#ĐRETURNSĐ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┴Ó┴Đ#É6˘\  PÄ6QÉP#ĐPage ěě of 22Đ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┴`┴Đ#É6˘\  PÄ6QÉP#ĐJune 2009 LoARĐ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┘ ╣ ┘ đ╚đđđäT$                                                                            ä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ääđđË??USË3ŇŇG┘ Ě╣ ┘đľ╚đčđđđđä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  äT$                                                                            ääđđĐ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┴Ó┴┴`┴┘ ╣ ┘ đ╚đđđäT$                                                                            ä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ääđđË??USËGŇŇ3┘ Ě╣ ┘đľ╚đčđđđđä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  äT$                                                                            ääđđĐ#É6˘\  PÄ6QÉP#ĐRETURNSĐ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┴Ó┴Đ#É6˘\  PÄ6QÉP#ĐPage ěě of 22Đ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┴`┴Đ#É6˘\  PÄ6QÉP#ĐJune 2009 LoARĐ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┘ ╣ ┘ đ╚đđđäT$                                                                            ä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ääđđË??USË3ŇŇG┘ Ě╣ ┘đľ╚đčđđđđä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  äT$                                                                            ääđđĐ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#Đ┴Ó┴┴`┴┘ ╣ ┘ đ╚đđđäT$                                                                            ä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ääđđË??USËGŇ┘ Ě ┘đđ├ ├THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK:┘ ľ ┘ ┼┼└$└THELMEARC Art└└n Becc. ─ ─Device. Quarterly sable and purpure, in bend two griffins argent. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This submission was pended from the December 2008 LoAR for a discussion on whether we wished to change our rules on difference in the presence of forced moves. Please see the Cover Letter for more discussion on the decision to retain the previous rules on forced moves. ┬┬This device is returned for conflict with the device of Cynric Beyond the Mountain, ├├Quarterly argent and sable, in bend sinister two griffins segreant argent.── There is a CD for the field but no CD for the placement of the griffins. The griffins in Cynric's device are forced to be in bend sinister.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Brada Boda └$└thelward. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is being returned for using both an occupational and a patronymic byname in an Old English name. No examples were provided, and none were found by the commenters, of Old English names using both an occupational byname and a patronymic at the same time. There are few examples of Old English names using more than one byname, but all of the examples found by the commenters were of the pattern + . Lacking examples of Old English names which use both an occupational byname and a patronymic byname at the same time, this construction is not registerable in Old English. Since the submitter does not allow changes, except to make the patronymic marked if that was required, we are forced to return this name. ┬┬His device was registered under the holding name ├├Brada of Abhainn C└1└ach Ghlais──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Jok Macpherson. ─ ─Device. Per fess indented azure and vert, in chief a thistle Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for conflict against Ansteorra's badge for the Award of the Sable Thistle of Ansteorra, ├├(Fieldless) A blue thistle sable, slipped and leaved Or. [Eryngium leavenworthii]──. There is a CD for the difference between a fielded and fieldless design, but there is not a CD for the placement of a charge on the field when being considered against a fieldless design. The tincture of a thistle is defined by the slipping and leaving, by precedent: ┬┬┬┬[a thistle Or vs a thistle sable, slipped and leaved Or] The slipping and leaving is the major part of a thistle, by which standard changing the blossom tincture alone is not be worth a CD. (Gavin MacGregor of Perth, 3/98 p. 21) ┬┬Since both of these thistles are considered to be Or, there is not a second CD for changing only the tincture of the head of the thistles.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├AN TIR┘ Ěľ ┘ F└└el└└n t{o,}lusmi└W└r. ─ ─Device. Argent, a pall surmounted by a pall moline inverted, a bordure sable. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for lack of identifiability. Section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submission, Identification Requirement, requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Too many commenters were unable to derive a blazon from the colored emblazon. ┬┬It is possible that providing the proper detailing to separate the surmounting pall inverted from the surmounted pall may fix this problem, but we decline to rule on this possibility without such an emblazon to judge. Changing the tincture of one of the charges would be much more likely to solve this issue.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Savina Marguerite de Laurent. ─ ─Device. Quarterly argent and azure, a branch bendwise vert. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Irene le Noir, ├├(Fieldless) An olive branch bendwise fructed vert──, with a single CD for the difference between a fielded and a fieldless design. Savina's branch, intended as a laurel branch, is not notably different from Irene's fructed olive branch.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├ANSTEORRA┘ Ěľ ┘ Godwin of Edington and Ellisena de Bayonne. ─ ─Joint badge. (Fieldless) A dragon's jambe bendwise erased Or sustaining a cross crosslet fleury concave fitchy bendwise sinister argent. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for unblazonability. While Ellisena does have a ├├cross crosslet fleury concave── registered to her as an element of her device, that type of cross is an SCA invention which is no longer registerable. An attempt was made to justify this charge under the grandfather clause; however, precedent holds that only the actual registered element is grandfathered, not variants of the original element: ┬┬┬┬[├├(Fieldless) A cross flory azure surmounted by a rose argent barbed vert──] The submitter also claimed the right to use this motif by his prior use of it in his device: ├├Gules, a saltire Or surmounted by a rose, on a chief argent three crosses flory vert──. The motif in the current submission is not grandfathered to the submitter... [T]he original armory had a saltire, not a cross, surmounted by the rose; for the Grandfather Clause to apply, "Only the actual armorial element from the originally registered submission may be covered by this permission. For example, if an individual had registered armory containing a fimbriated lion many years ago, only that fimbriated lion would be covered under this rule, not fimbriated wolves, eagles, or lions in other postures" (RfS VII.8). [Philip Williams of Aston, 03/04, AęCaid] ┬┬Fitching the cross is a blazonable change from the registered element; therefore, the submitted cross is not grandfathered to the submitter, as it is not identical to the cross currently registered to Ellisena.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├ATENVELDT┘ Ěľ ┘ Angus ulbh MacLeod. ─ ─Name. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for lack of documentation of the byname ├├ulbh──. The LoI documented ├├ulbh── as a modern Scottish Gaelic word meaning 'wolf', derived from Old Norse ├├ulfr──. However, this information does not demonstrate either that ├├ulbh── is a period Gaelic word, or that it follows period patterns of Gaelic descriptive bynames, both of which are required before it can be registered as a byname. The commenters were able to demonstrate that ├├Ulbh── is a period borrowing of Old Norse given name ├├Ulfr──; it appears in the Annals of the Four Masters (B) as the translation of the name of a Norseman or Dane. However, none of the commenters were able to support the use of ├├Ulbh── as a descriptive byname, and it cannot be registered as a second given name per precedent: ┬┬┬┬The element ├├Aonghus──, which is a Gaelic form, is problematic in this position in the name. The August 2001 LoAR includes the explanation: ┬┬┬┬┬┬... in the name ├├Aislinn Fiona of Rumm──, ├├Fiona── can only be interpreted as a second given name or as an unmarked matronymic. Use of double given names and unmarked matronymics in Gaelic have both been cause for return in the past. [Aislinn Fiona of Rumm, 08/01, RęAn Tir] ┬┬┬┬Similarly, in this name, ├├Aonghus── can only be interpreted as a second given name or an unmarked patronymic, neither of which were used in Gaelic in period. In a patronymic byname in Gaelic, the form ├├mac Aonghusa── would be used rather than simply ├├Aonghus──... [Robert Aonghus of Loch Mohr, 12/2002, RęAtenveldt] ┬┬Similarly, ├├Ulbh── in this name can be interpreted only as a second given name or as an unmarked patronymic, neither of which is registerable in Gaelic. ┬┬We cannot drop the problematic element for two reasons. First, it would be a major change, which the submitter does not allow. Second, it would bring the name into conflict with the registered name ├├Aonghus MacLeoid──. The submitter requested authenticity for Scotland; since the elements ├├Angus MacLeod── are both Scots, we recommend that he pick a wholly Scots byname in order to maintain authenticity. Since ├├Angus MacLeod── is a Scots form of the Gaelic name ├├Aonghus mac Leoid──, we recommend that to clear the conflict he pick a Scots form of a Gaelic descriptive byname, or a Scots form of a second generation patronymic. Examples of both of these types of bynames can be found in Black, ├├The Surnames of Scotland──: ┬┬┬┬Scots forms of Gaelic descriptive byanmes: đđä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ä4A î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                   ääđđ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Bwy── from Gaelic ├├Buidhe── 'blonde, yellow' (├├John Bwy McComiche── 1613 s.n. MacCombich) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Dow── from Gaelic ├├Dubh── 'black' (├├John Dow M'Coldnich── 1618 s.n. MacAldonich; ├├John Dow McNeill VcHarther── 1618 s.n. MacArthur; ├├John Dow McAwla── 1613 s.n. MacAulay; s.n. ├├Donald Dow McDouil McConche── 1518 s.n. MacConachie; ├├John Dow Macquhondoquhy── 1575 s.n. MacCondochie; ├├Johnne Dow McQuorquordill── 1612 s.n. MacCorquodale; ├├Neil Dow McCraikane── 1628 s.n. MacCrackan) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Geir── or ├├Ger── from Gaelic ├├Gearr── 'short' (├├Duncan Ger McAves── 1613 s.n. MacAvish; s.n. ├├Gillespick Geir McChannaniche── 1622 s.n. MacChananaich) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Moir── or ├├More── from Gaelic ├├Mor── 'great, large' (├├John Moir McAgowne── 1619 s.n. MacAgowne; ├├Patrik More McCaslen── 1613 s.n. MacAuslan) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Reoche── or ├├Riauche── from Gaelic ├├Riabhach── 'swarthy' (├├Allester McEan Riauche VcAgowne── 1613 s.n. MacAgowne; ├├Archibald Reoche McBea── 1629 s.n. MacBay) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├roy── from Gaelic ├├Ruadh── 'red' (├├Alexander roy McAllane McReynald── s.n. MacAllan) đđä4A î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                   ä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ääđđ┬┬┬┬Examples of secondęgeneration Gaelic bynames rendered in Scots: đđä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ä4A î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                   ääđđ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Allester McEan Riauche VcAgowne── 1613 (s.n. MacAgowne) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Alexander roy McAllane McReynald── and ├├Innes McAllane McRenald── 1541 (s.n. MacAllan) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Thomas McAndrew vic William Guy── 1618 (s.n. MacAndrew) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├John Dow McNeill VcHarther── 1618 (s.n. MacArthur) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├John Mcphadrick VcAlves── 1613 (s.n. MacAvish) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Tarlocht M'Ene V'Carlycht── = ├├Charles M'Ane V'Tarlych── = ├├Therlycht M'Ain W'Therlycht── 1573 (s.n. MacCarlich) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Ewin McIllecreist VcCartna── or ├├VcCartney── 1629 (s.n. MacCartney) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├John Makthomy Makgillewie── 1586 (s.n. MacCombie) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Donald Dow McDouil McConche── 1518 (s.n. MacConachie) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├William M'Ane Makconquhye── 1543 (s.n. MacConachie) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├Donald McConeill VcCoull── 1613 (s.n. MacCoul) ┬┬┬┬┬┬┴Ç┴┴Ç┴┴┴ę┴┴├├William McAge McRethe── 1537 (s.n. Maccraith) đđä4A î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                   ä▄4î ń <öýDť˘LĄŘ!T$                                                  ääđđ┬┬For example, ├├Angus Dow MacLeod── or ├├Angus MacLeod MacAngus── would be an authentic lateęperiod Scots name. ┬┬His device was registered under the holding name ├├Angus of Atenveldt──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Raffaelle de Mallorca. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) A belt in annulo purpure. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Magherita Alessia, ├├(Fieldless) An annulet purpure──. While there is a CD for fieldlessness, a belt and an annulet are too similar in shape for us to grant a CD between them.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Raffaelle de Mallorca. ─ ─Badge. (Fieldless) A belt in annulo vert. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for visual conflict, under section X.5 of the Rules for Submission, with the joint badge of Katherine Throckmorton and Ivan Kosinski, ├├(Fieldless) A slow match vert, enflamed proper──. From any distance, both appear to be green annulets. ┬┬On resubmission, the submitter should consider the badge of Tonwen ferch Gruffudd Aur, ├├(Fieldless) A garter buckled in annulo vert, garnished, inscribed with the words cyfiawnder, callineb, gwroldeb, dirwest Or──. There is a CD for fieldlessness. Whether or not there is a CD for the removal of the words depends on whether or not they are considered tertiary charges. Precedent, set for letters on books, says: ┬┬┬┬This submission generated much discussion on the nature of words on books. The letters on Yale University's arms, Azure, an open book argent charged with Hebrew letters sable, have previously been ruled to act as tertiary charges. Laurel has also ruled "In general, open books may be drawn with numerous small writing marks as artistic license, the writing so small that it could not be read from any distance, but such writing would not be blazoned. [Branwen filia Iohannis de Monmouth, 04/02, AęEast]". ┬┬┬┬The question becomes, when does the writing become so small that it cannot be read? In general, more that 10 or 11 letters on a single primary charge will be considered unreadable and will not count for difference; for a secondary charge (or multiple primary charges) this number will be reduced due to the smaller size of the books. More than two or three letters on a tertiary charge will be too small to read. In SCA arms, such small writing will not be blazoned. In the case of important nonęSCA arms this writing may be blazoned even if it does not count for difference. Thus, the letters on Yale University's arms constitute a tertiary charge group while those on Oxford University's arms (DOMINUS ILLUMINATIO MEO) do not. [Eibhl└1└n inghean u└1└ Chiar└└in, January 2007, RęAtlantia] ┬┬However, that precedent mentions only words on books. If we follow this precedent, the writing on Tonwen's badge would not count for difference, and the two badges would conflict. If the writing on Tonwen's badge is considered a tertiary charge group, the two would be clear, with a CD for fieldlessness and a CD for the removal of the tertiary group.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Thomas Cyriak Bonaventure. ─ ─Device. Gules, two chevronels between a mullet of eight points and a cannon mounted in a ship's carriage, a bordure Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is in conflict with the device of Gilbert the Short, ├├Gules, two chevronels and a bordure Or──. There is a single CD for adding the secondary charges.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├ATLANTIA┘ Ěľ ┘ Achbar ibn Ali. ─ ─Badge. Argent, on a fess vert a doumbeck between two crescents argent. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for unrecognizability. Section VIII.3.b of the Rules for Submission requires that "Elements must be used in a design so as to preserve their individual identifiability." It goes on to state that "Identifiable elements may be rendered unidentifiable by significant reduction in size." That is the problem here: the doumbeck is unrecognizable due to its small size. ┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Hidden Mountain, Barony of. ─ ─Order name Order of the Green Mountain and badge association. Per chevron argent and vert, three clouds one and two vert. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for conflict with the Green Mountains, in Vermont, and the American Revolutionary regiment that took their name from the mountains, the ├├Green Mountain Boys──. Both have articles in the current ├├Encyclopedia Britannica── onęline, and the Green Mountain Boys' capturing of Fort Ticonderoga was an important event in the early part of the war. Both the ├├Green Mountains── and the ├├Green Mountain Boys── are important enough to protect from conflict per Admin Handbook III.A.5 Names of Significant Geographical Locations Outside of the Society and III.A.9 Other Significant Names Outside the Society. ┬┬Because the order name is returned, we cannot associate the badge with the order.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Mungo Napier. ─ ─Device. Gules, a duck close contourny ululant and on a chief argent three pheons inverted gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for use of the nonęperiod head position ├├ululant── with a beast which is not a fox, a wolf, or a canine: ┬┬┬┬[A mouse sejant ululant] While we allow wolves and foxes to be ululant, the head posture is an SCA invention. It is possible that had the head posture been introduced today we would not allow it. Allowing ululant wolves is a step beyond period practice; allowing anything but canines to use the position is two steps beyond period practice and therefore grounds for return. [Andela Romier, 12/00, RęAtlantia] ┬┬Therefore, the use of a duck ululant is considered two steps from period practice.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Sara Sinclair Napier. ─ ─Device. Azure, a duck naiant ululant and on a chief Or three pheons inverted gules. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for use of the nonęperiod head position ├├ululant── with a beast which is not a fox, a wolf, or a canine: ┬┬┬┬[A mouse sejant ululant] While we allow wolves and foxes to be ululant, the head posture is an SCA invention. It is possible that had the head posture been introduced today we would not allow it. Allowing ululant wolves is a step beyond period practice; allowing anything but canines to use the position is two steps beyond period practice and therefore grounds for return. [Andela Romier, 12/00, RęAtlantia] ┬┬Therefore, the use of a duck ululant is considered two steps from period practice.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├CAID┘ Ěľ ┘ Aoibheann inghean u└1└ Taichligh. ─ ─Name. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for lack of documentation for the given name ├├Aoibheann──. The LoI cited Academy of Saint Gabriel Report #669 for ├├Aoibheann──. The report gives ├├Aoibheann── as a variant spelling of ├├Aobhinn──, citing Woulfe, ├├Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames──. ├├Aoibheann── appears in that source on p.207, in the list of feminine given names. Precedent has ruled that the list of given names in Woulfe does not constitute adequate documentation, because many of the names there are either modern or in modern spellings: ┬┬┬┬[T]he given name ├├Marta── is documented from Woulfe, ├├Irish Names and Surnames──, in the section on feminine given names. These names are all modern forms; while some of these forms may be consistent with period forms, citations from this section are not, by themselves, sufficient documentation for registering an Irish feminine name. [Martha ingen Chonchobair, LoAR 01/2007, CaidęA] ┬┬The commenters were unable to find any independent documentation for ├├Aoibheann──. An earlier form of the name, ├├A└1└binn── or ├├O└)└bfinn──, was used in the Middle Irish (c900ęc1200) era, according to Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals". We would change the given name to one of these forms, but the submitter does not allow any changes, so we are forced to return this name. ┬┬A second problem with the name, and also reason for return, is that the byname violates RfS III.1.a Linguistic Consistency by combining Early Modern Irish ├├inghean u└1└── with Middle Irish ├├Taichligh──. Additionally, in a feminine clan byname, ├├Taichligh── needs to be lenited, e.g., ├├Thaichligh──. A wholly Middle Irish form of the byname, appropriate to use with either ├├A└1└binn── or ├├O└)└bfinn── is ├├ingen hu└1└ Thaichligh──. In resubmitting, we recommend the submitter consider either ├├A└1└binn ingen hu└1└ Thaichligh── or ├├O└)└bfinn ingen hu└1└ Thaichligh──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Caid, Kingdom of. ─ ─Order name Order of the Golden Lance of Caid. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This conflicts with ├├Order of Golden Lance of Ansteorra──, registered to Ansteorra, and ├├Order of the Golden Lance of Trimaris──, registered to Trimaris. Per RfS V.2.a, names of branches of the society such as ├├Caid── are not descriptive elements, and so do not contribute to difference. ┬┬This order name would be registerable with letters of permission to conflict from Ansteorra and Trimaris, and the LoI noted that such letters were being pursued. However, they were not received by the Laurel office at the time of the publication of this letter, so we must return this for conflict.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Caid, Kingdom of. ─ ─Badge. Azure, three piles wavy in point Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge was withdrawn by the submitter.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├└(└adaoin inghen Mhuircheartaigh. ─ ─Device. Azure, a harp Or stringed argent, a chief Or and a ford proper. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for conflict with the protected nonęSCA arms of Ireland, ├├Azure, a harp Or stringed argent.── There is a single CD for the addition of a single secondary charge group consisting of the chief and base.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├CALONTIR┘ Ěľ ┘ Daniel mac N└)└ill. ─ ─Name. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Conflict with ├├Daniel McNeil──. ┬┬His device was registered under the holding name ├├Daniel of Calanais Nuadh──.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Leif Andersson. ─ ─Badge. Gules, in pale a bull passant guardant and a greyhound courant argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Lizbeth Ravensholm, ├├Gules, a wolf passant reguardant argent maintaining on its back a raven sable──, reblazoned elsewhere in this letter. There is but a single CD for the addition of the bull. There is not significant difference between passant and courant. There is no difference for changing the head position of the canine from reguardant to guardant. Lastly, there is no difference for removing the maintained raven.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├EALDORMERE┘ Ěľ ┘ Anne of Saffronwalden. ─ ─Device. Argent, a cinquefoil azure seeded Or and a chief embattled azure. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for multiple conflicts. ┬┬The device conflicts with the device of Alyanora of Vinca, ├├Argent, a periwinkle [Vinca minor] proper.── Periwinkles proper were ruled to be heraldically equivalent to either azure or purpure: ┬┬┬┬A periwinkle proper is very close in color both to purple and to blue; there is not a CD between it and either purpure or azure. (Kiera nic an Bhaird, 11/97 p. 14) ┬┬This device is, therefore, a conflict, having only one CD for the addition of the chief, since there is no CD granted for the difference between a cinquefoil and a periwinkle. ┬┬This device also conflicts with the device of Rebecca of Lancaster, ├├Argent, a rose azure barbed and seeded proper, a sinister gore azure──, with one CD for changing the type of the peripheral charge, from a ├├sinister gore── to a ├├chief embattled──. ┬┬This device does not conflict with that of Kazetani Kiyotora, ├├Argent, a cherry blossom pierced by an arrow within an orle azure.── There is a CD for the change of type of secondary charge, from an ├├orle── to a ├├chief──, and another for the removal of the arrow, which is large enough to be significant.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Eadwine de Fuscote. ─ ─Badge. Argent, a fox's mask gules within a bordure sable. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Thomas of Foxhaven, ├├Argent, a fox's mask gules, a bordure purpure──. There is a single CD, for the change to the tincture of the bordure.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Liadan Chu. ─ ─Household name Northern Troth Confederacy. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The only documentation provided on the LoI for this name was quotes of the meanings of the words taken from the ├├Oxford English Dictionary──. This is not adequate documentation. It neither demonstrates that the words were used in our period, nor that the overall construction is consistent with period patterns of household names. While the commenters were able to provide evidence that the words were used in our period (though not necessarily in the submitted spellings), no one was able to provide any evidence showing that this household name meets the requirements of RfS III.2.b.iv, which says: ┬┬┬┬├ ├iv. Household Names─ ─ ę Household names must follow the patterns of period names of organized groups of people. ┬┬┬┬Possible models include Scottish clans (├├Clan Domhnaill──), ruling dynasties (├├House of Anjou──), professional guilds (├├Bakers Guild of Augsburg──, ├├Worshipful Company of Coopers──), military units (├├The White Company──), and inns (├├House of the White Hart──). ┬┬Lacking such evidence, this household name is not registerable.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Torran the Swift. ─ ─Name. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Conflict with ├├Taran the Swift──. There is not a significant difference in either the sound or appearance between ├├Torran── and ├├Taran──. ┬┬His device was registered under the holding name ├├Torran of Vest Yorvik──.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├GLEANN ABHANN┘ Ěľ ┘ Peter Bonaventure. ─ ─Badge. Argent, on a cross azure a mullet of four points argent. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for conflict with the flag of Finland, ├├Argent, a cross azure──. There is a single CD for the addition of the tertiary mullet.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├LOCHAC┘ Ěľ ┘ Aachenfeld, Canton of. ─ ─Branch name. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for lack of documentation that ├├Aachenfeld── follows period patterns of German place names. While there are many examples of compound German place names with the deuterotheme ├├ęfeld── 'field', including ├├Ettel└└feldt──, ├├Frickenfeld──, ├├Henffafeldt──, and ├├Wolfsfeldt──, in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "German Names from N└G└rnberg, 1497", no examples were provided, and none could be found, for ├├ęfeld── being appended to a standęalone place name such as ├├Aachen──. Lacking such evidence, this construction is not registerable. If the submitters would like to consider a similarly sounding name, we recommend ├├Aichenfeld── or ├├Aichfeld── 'oakęfield'. The place name ├├Birkenvelt── 'birchęfield' is dated to 1358 on p. 56 of Sven Nordlund, ├├Mit Baumnamen gebildete Ortsnamen in Baden── (Uppsala Universitets Arsskrift 8, 1937). Forms of ├├Aichenę── or ├├Eichenę── appear in various German place names, including ├├Aichhalden──, in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "German Names from Rottweil, BadenęW└G└rttemberg, 1441". ┬┬The name does not conflict with ├├Kingdom of Atenveldt──. The cumulative changes to the first two syllables are a significant difference in sound and appearance. It also does not conflict with the realęworld city of ├├Aachen──. While ├├Aachen── as an imperial capital is important enough to protect from conflict, and is protected under all names by which it is commonly known, the addition of the element ├├ęfeld── is a significant difference in sound and appearance, making the two names clear by RfS V.2.b.i.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Alexandro Donado. ─ ─Device. Per bend nebuly sable and argent, two snakes involved counterchanged. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for violating Section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submission, Identification Requirement, which requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." The snakes are completely unrecognizable from any distance, appearing to be poorly drawn annulets.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Alexandro Donado. ─ ─Blanket permission to conflict with device. Per bend nebuly sable and argent, two snakes involved counterchanged. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬Because the device is being returned above, we are also returning the blanket letter of permission to conflict with that device.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Dallan ua Lorccain. ─ ─Device. Vert, on a chevron embattled counteręembattled argent three ravens proper. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for conflict with the device of {O,}gmundr hr└;└kr, registered in March of 2009, via Artemisia, ├├Vert, on a chevron engrailed argent, three rooks contourny sable──. There is just one CD for changing the type of the chevron from engrailed to embattled counteręembattled. Changing only the orientation of a tertiary charge group is not worth a CD. Rooks, for those who are confused, are birds, members of the genus ├├Corvidae──, as are ravens. The game pieces are always specified as ├├chess── rooks.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Sinech ingen Chonchobair hui Briuin. ─ ─Name change from Caitlin mac Cumhaill na Cruachan. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for lack of documentation of the byname ├├ingen X hui Briuin──. The LoI cited Academy of Saint Gabriel Report #2348 for this element, but the report in fact discusses the byname ├├ingen X hui Briain──. The byname ├├ingen X hui Briain── derives from the given name ├├Brian──, whereas the byname ├├ingen X hui Briuin── derives from the given name ├├Brion──. Precedent from December 2008 ruled that ├├Brion── is not registerable as a Gaelic name: ┬┬┬┬No evidence was provided that ├├Brion── was used by real people in our period. └:└ Corr└└in & Maguire, ├├Irish Names──, s.n. Brion say that "Brion is relatively common especially in the very early period for legendary personages or founders of dynasties." As past precedents indicate, Gaelic names which are only documented as names of legendary people are in general not registerable: ┬┬┬┬┬┬The only examples of the name ├├Culann── found by the submitter's were in the "T└└in B└;└ C└C└alnge" from the Book of Leinster (online at the CELT site, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/T301035/). Here is it the name of a wholly legendary character from whom the hero ├├C└C└ Chulainn── derives his name. Barring documentation that the name ├├Culann── [was used] in nonęlegendary contexts in period, it is not registerable. [Culann mac Cianain, LoAR 09/2007, EastęA] ┬┬┬┬┬┬Given this, there is no documentation for ├├Luan── as anything but a legendary name. As it can be documented only as a legendary name, it is not registerable. [Luan an Fael, LoAR 11/2007, LochacęR] ┬┬┬┬The most similar given name that the commenters found is ├├Brian──. ├├Brian ──is an extremely common Gaelic masculine name throughout our period; Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals", has 45 examples ranging from the 10th C to the 16th C. [Brion mac Donnchad, LoAR 12/2008, MiddleęR] ┬┬We would change the name to ├├Sinech ingen Chonchobair hui Bri├├a──in── in order to register it, but the submitter does not allow any changes.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├MERIDIES┘ Ěľ ┘ Faelan Haraldsson. ─ ─Device. Per pale sable and argent, a rose and two wolves combatant one and two, a bordure counterchanged. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for blurring the line between a coęprimary rose and a secondary rose. Commenters were nearly evenly split in their calls for it to be one or the other. On resubmission, the submitter should draw it as clearly the same size as the wolves or clearly smaller than the wolves. ┬┬Blazoned on the LoI as having a sustained rose, none of the charges in the submission are touching. Sustained, in SCA blazon, means that the charge is both held by another charge and large enough to be considered coęprimary with the charge holding it.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├MIDDLE┘ Ěľ ┘ Ari keilismuli. ─ ─Badge. Erminois, on a cross sable three herons in pale argent. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge was withdrawn by the submitter. ┬┬Please instruct the submitter that, on resubmission, he should draw fewer and larger ermine spots.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Bleiddig of the Novantae. ─ ─Name and device. Vert fretty argent, a carnyx bendwise sinister reversed between a torc and another inverted Or. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This name is returned for lack of documentation for the given name, for being two steps from period practice, and for problems with the construction of the byname. ┬┬The given name ├├Bleiddig── was documented to the 8th century as a variant of Old Welsh ├├Bledri── from a genealogical website, "Ancestors of Paul Bailey MCBRIDE". No source was given for the entry for Bleiddig, and precedent has long held that genealogical websites which do not cite their sources are not reliable for spelling variants of names. None of the commenters were able to find any independent support for ├├Bleiddig──, either as a form of ├├Bledri── or as a separate name. Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, "The First Thousand Years of British Names", only lists the form ├├Bledri──, in Appendix V ę Given names from the Llandav charters. These names date from the 6th through 10th centuries. Thus, if the submitter would like a name which has connections to ├├Bledri──, we recommend that he use ├├Bledri──. ┬┬├├Novantae── is the name given to a tribe of people living in Scotland by Claudius Ptolemy, writing in the 2nd C. The combination of a Roman Latin tribal name with an Old Welsh given name is one step from period practice, for the lingual disparity. There is a second step from period practice for the temporal disparity of greater than 300 years between the elements. With two steps from period practice, this name is not registerable. ┬┬Additionally, there are problems with the construction of the byname, as Rowel explains: ┬┬┬┬Another question is whether a byname like is even registerable. Do we have evidence that the name of a people in this time and place would have been incorporated in a byname? We need that evidence in order to be able to register a Lingua Anglica . ┬┬┬┬Relevant precedents include: ┬┬┬┬┬┬├├Dalriada── was submitted as an English name for a Gaelic kingdom that existed from the 5th C to the midę9th C. Primarily, ├├Dal Riada── was the name of the tribe who inhabited this area. The name used to refer to this kingdom derives from the name of this tribe. ┬┬┬┬┬┬The fundamental problem with this name is that no evidence has been found that any of the ├├Dal── tribe names (├├Dal Riada──, ├├Dal Cais──, ├├Dal nAriade──, et cetera) were used in personal names except as part of a ruler's title. For example, Donnchadh └:└ Corr└└in & Mavis Cournane, ed., "The Annals of Ulster" (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100001/), entry U778.7, lists "Aedh Finn m. Echdach rex Dal Riati". The phrase "rex Dal Riati" indicates that Aedh was king of the Dal Riada. ┬┬┬┬┬┬Lacking evidence that the name of anyone other than rulers would include a ├├Dal── tribe name, a byname such as the submitted ├├of Dalriada──, even in a Lingua Anglica form, is a claim to be a ruler of this tribe and so violates RfS VI.1 "Names Claiming Rank" which states that "Names containing titles, territorial claims, or allusions to rank are considered presumptuous". [Robin of Dalriada, 03/2004, RęDrachenwald] ┬┬┬┬At this point, we don't suspect a presumption issue with . However, we also don't have evidence of the tribe name used in a personal byname. ┬┬Such evidence would need to be provided before ├├of the Novantae── could be registered. ┬┬This device is returned for the lack of identifiability of the charges. Section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submission, Identification Requirement, requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Neither the torcs nor the carnyx (a variant of a trumpet, which appears mostly on Roman sculpture and coinage) could be identified at any distance. ┬┬This submission would have been the first registration of a carnyx in SCA armory, and the submitter did not attach documentation showing that the item is a period charge or artifact, which is required for the first registration of a new charge. Noir Licorne provided some documentation for the form of a carnyx in commentary. The submitted depiction does not match the documentation she found: all of the images found by Noir Licorne show a much smaller head in relation to the main tube than is depicted in the submission.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Gerard Montague and Philippa Montague. ─ ─Joint badge. Vert fretty Or, on a bordure azure a tressure argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This badge is returned for having insufficient contrast. Section VIII.2.b.i of the Rules for Submission, Contrast Requirements, states that "The field must have good contrast with every charge placed directly on it and with charges placed overall." Based on period practice, ├├fretty── has been considered a charge since February 1990, meaning this badge has a vert field. Since bordures are considered to be placed on the field, placing an azure bordure on the vert field is considered a violation of our contrast rules.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Wolfram von Waldersbach. ─ ─Device. Per pall inverted sable, sable, and vert, a pall inverted between two crosses formy fitchy and a stag's skull cabossed argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for multiple reasons. ┬┬The first reason for return is because the crosses in the submission are not blazonable. Crosses ├├formy fitchy── would replace the entire lower limb with a spike. A cross ├├formy fitchy at the foot── would be a cross formy with a spike about a third the width of the lower arm issuing from the middle of the lower arm. The cross in this submission has the spike exactly the same width as the fullyępresent lower arm of the cross. Such a cross can not be described in blazon. ┬┬The device also violates section VIII.2.b.v of the Rules for Submission, which requires that elements evenly divided in three tinctures have good contrast between two of their parts. This policy was upheld as recently as December 2008, in the return of Gavin MacKinnon's submission of ├├Per pall vert, sable, and sable, a pall and in chief an eagle argent.── The reason given then is still valid: this submission is not ├├Per chevron sable and vert──, it is ├├Per pall inverted sable, sable, and vert.── A true per chevron line of division rises well above the center of the field, so that there would be vert showing above the argent pall.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├NORTHSHIELD┘ Ěľ ┘ Northshield, Kingdom of. ─ ─Order name Legio Ferrata Gr{yę}phus. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for lack of evidence that it follows period patterns of order names. The LoI cited the Legio VI Ferrata, a Roman legion whose name means 'ironclad'. ├├Gr{yę}phus── was cited as a Latin word meaning 'griffin', and the name was justified as following the pattern + in Meradudd Cethin, "Project Ordensnamen". However, no documentation was provided to support adding a reference to a mythological beast to the Roman legion name, or that the construction ├├Legio Ferrata Gr{yę}phus── follows Latin grammatical rules. ┬┬Metron Ariston explains the problems with the grammar of the submitted name: ┬┬┬┬While the Legio Ferrata did exist and was so called in the classical period, ├├ferrata── is feminine adjective form to match the gender of the noun ├├legio── and does not match the gender of the gryphon which in any case would have to be modified in case to get the meaning that they said they wanted. The Legion of the Iron(clad) Gryphon would have to be something like Legio Gryphis Ferrati or Legio Gryphi Ferrati (depending on whether you use the second or third declension form of the noun for "gryphon"). ┬┬But even if the grammatically correct form ├├Legio Gryphis Ferrati── or ├├Legio Gryphi Ferrati── was shown to be a plausible name for a Roman legion, this would not be registerable as an order name. As Rowel explains: ┬┬┬┬While the LoI provides support for a word meaning 'ironclad' in the context of a military legion (which would be an excellent pattern for a household name), it does not provide support for 'ironclad' in the context of a medieval courtly/knightly/fraternal order. RfS III.2.b.ii states: ┬┬┬┬┬┬ii. Names of Orders and Awards ę Names of orders and awards must follow the patterns of the names of period orders and awards. ┬┬┬┬┬┬These are often the names of saints; others are similar to sign names (see RfS III.2.a.iii). Some examples are: the ├├Order of Saint Michael──, the ├├Order of Saint Maurice and Saint Lazarus──, the ├├Brethren of the Sword──, the ├├Order of the Garter──, ├├La Toison dOr── (the ├├Order of the Golden Fleece──), the ├├Order of the Golden Rose──, the ├├Order of the Star──, the ├├Order of the Swan──, ├├La Orden de la Jara── (the ├├Knights of the Tankard──), the ├├Order of Lilies──. ┬┬┬┬The name of a Roman legion does not fit into any of these patterns. Additionally, how a person joined a Roman legion is not similar to how people in the SCA are inducted into orders, making the pattern of a Roman legion name a poor fit for an order (if it is even a fit at all given it does not seem to comply with RfS III.2.b.ii cited above). ┬┬Additionally, as ruled on the May 2009 LoAR: ┬┬┬┬The LoI documented the name as following the order name pattern "adjective" + "noun" found in Meradudd Cethin's "Project Ordensnamen". However, while Meradudd's article does include examples of names which use this grammatical pattern, these examples do not support this construction as a general patternęęthere are many phrases which follow the pattern + , such as ├├green idea── and ├├smart rock──, which are not plausible medieval order names. Additionally, many of the order names included in Meradudd's article are listed only in their modern forms, or are apocryphal, or are postęperiod orders with fabricated medieval histories. Because his article does not differentiate between modern names of actual, historical orders; medieval names of actual, historical orders; and modern names of apocryphal and/or legendary orders, it is not a reliable source for information about medieval order names. Seven years ago, when the article was first published, there were few articles on this topic that were easily available, but since its publication, a number of more reliable sources have been published, including a revised and expanded version of D'Arcy J.D. Boulton, ├├The Knights of the Crown──; KwellendęNjal Kollskeggsson, "Period Order Names" (in the proceedings of KWHS 2001); Fran└'└ois Velde, "History of Orders of Chivalry: a Survey"; Ursula Georges, "Medieval Names of Some Knightly Orders" and "Secular Orders, 1604"; and most recently, Juliana de Luna, "Medieval Secular Order Names". Because these sources differentiate between real and apocryphal order names and also in many cases provide dated citations of period forms, these articles are much more reliable than Meradudd's, and any information cited from Meradudd's articles should always be substantiated with citations from these, or other, articles that do not suffer from the same problems associated with "Project Ordensnamen". [Caid, Kingdom of, LoAR 05/2009, CaidęR]┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├OUTLANDS┘ Ěľ ┘ Caerthe, Barony of. ─ ─Order name Order of the Dreamer's Cup. ┼┼┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This was an appeal of a Laurel return from February 1995. The original return stated: ┬┬┬┬The order name does not appear to follow any period exemplars that any of the commenters could find. [It was suggested that the "Order of the Cup" would be far more appropriate.] [LoAR 02/1995, OutlandsęR] ┬┬The appeal argued that the order name followed the metaępattern of "orders name for objects of religious veneration", listed on the August 2005 Cover Letter, with the Holy Grail being referenced as such an object. ┬┬However, all that the appeal demonstrated was that Laurel's suggestion in the previous return, ├├Order of the Cup──, is a plausible period order name. It does not provide any justification for the addition of the modifier ├├Dreamer's── or any similarly abstract modifier. None of the commenters were able to provide any evidence supporting ├├Dreamer's Cup── as a plausible period order name, so we must return this. ┬┬In resubmitting, the group should be aware that the use of the apostrophe to indicate the possessive is not registerable: ┬┬┬┬Submitted as ├├Order of the Lion├├'──s Paw of Kenmare──, we have removed the apostrophe; there is no evidence that the apostrophe was used in period. [Northkeep, Barony of, 05/04, AęAnsteorra]┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Caerthe, Barony of. ─ ─Order name Order of the Sapling of Caerthe. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is returned for lack of documentation that it follows patterns of period order names. The only possible metaępattern from the August 2005 Cover Letter that this order name could follow is the heraldic charge metaępattern: "orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges." While there are some very early registration of saplings in SCA armory, there have been none since Laurel ruled on the March 1994 Cover Letter that baby flora are not generally registerable. A sapling is a baby tree, and hence falls under this stricture, so this order name is not registerable under the heraldic charge metaępattern.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Mary Champernowne. ─ ─Device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, a winged cat sejant sable and three cat pawprints argent. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬The charges intended to be pawprints in this device are not recognizable as such. From any distance, they appear to be roundels due to the miniscule toes. Section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submission, Identification Requirement, requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Since these are not, they may not be registered. ┬┬Please inform the submitter that the use of pawprints is considered a step from period practice.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Ravenhyrst, Canton of. ─ ─Device. Per chevron sable and argent, two ravens migrant respectant argent and a laurel wreath vert. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This device is returned for conflict with the device of Elkshire, ├├Per chevron sable and argent, two elk's heads, erased and respectant, argent and a laurel wreath vert──. ┬┬Under section X.3 of the Rules for Submission, the laurel wreath is ignored for purposes of determining if the two devices are suitable for purposes of section X.2, but it is not ignored for any other purpose. Both devices are simple for purposes of X.2, with only two types of charge on the field. However, X.3 also says that "Required charges always count normally for difference themselves, this rule only ignores the complexity they add to a design." Therefore, these devices are not clear using X.2, because all of its conditions are not satisfied: the type of every charge in the primary charge group is not substantially changed between the two devices. Both of them have a laurel wreath in base. ┬┬Therefore, there is a single CD of difference between the two pieces of armory, for changing the elks heads to ravens, and the devices conflict.┘ 2ľ ┘ ├ ├Tatiana Moskovskaia. ─ ─Name change from Eowyn Erthton. ┘ ľ2 ┘ ┬┬This is being returned for using incorrect grammar in the byname. The byname ├├Moskovskaia── was intended to mean 'woman from Moscow', and constructed on the basis of the Russian form of the city's name, ├├Moskva──. The LoI cited Paul Wickenden of Thanet, "Locative Bynames in Medieval Russia", for the construction, section IV of which says locative bynames are created by taking the toponym and adding an adjectival suffix, the feminine version being ├├ęskaia──. On the basis of this information, the correct feminine byname constructed from ├├Moskva── is ├├Mosk├├va──skaia──, not ├├Mosk├├ov──skaia──. We would change the byname to this form, but the submitter allows no changes, so we are forced to return the name.┘ 2Ě ┘ ┼┼├ ├TRIMARIS─ ─┘ Ěľ ┘ None.┼┼┘ ľĚ ┘ ┼┼├ ├WEST─ ─┘ Ěľ ┘ None.┼┼┘ ľĚ ┘ đđ├├ę Explicit littera renuntiationum ę┘ Ěľ ┘ čę Explicit ę──Đ#XP˘\  PÄ6QXP#ĐË??USË