PRECEDENTS OF THE S.C.A. COLLEGE OF ARMS

The 1st Tenure of Da'ud Ibn Auda (2nd year)

Submission Returns by Name

Abaigeal Fairchild. Device. Per chevron vert and gules, a mullet of eight points voided within a bordure Or.

Most of the commenters felt that a mullet of eight points was too complex a charge to void or fimbriate. This therefore runs afoul of RfS VIII.3, which notes that "voiding and fimbriation may only be used iwth simple geometric charges pladed in the center of the design." 4/92

Abaris Damn Féidh Ciar. Name change from Uilliam of Reisling.

While the byname translates literally to the meaning the client desires, it appears to bear the same relation to correct Gaelic that "Dusky male deer" bears to "Sablehart". A better form would appear to be Damh Dubh or Fiadh Dubh, depending on whether he wishes to emphasise either the masculinity or the "deer-ness" of the name. While he allowed minor changes to correct the grammar we felt that these changes did not fall within a "minor" range. 02/92

Abdullah bin Omar. Device. Argent, a bear dormant azure.

The primary charge is unidentifiable in this position as an animal, much less as a bear, and is thus in violation of RfS VIII.3., Armorial Identifiability. 12/91

Adallindis aus Anderbach. Name and device. Ermine, between two flaunches sable a double-headed griffin segreant gules.

Conflict with Grantham (Papworth, p. 981), Ermine, a griffin segreant gules. There is one CD for the (improperly drawn) flaunches. 12/91

Adallindis aus Anderbach. Badge. [Fieldless] A double-headed griffin segreant gules.

Conflict with Grantham (Papworth, p. 981), Ermine, a griffin segreant gules. Also conflict with Grib (Woodward, p. 1011), Or, a griffin gules. In each case there is one CD for fieldless vs. fielded. 12/91

Adara of Silverwood. Name.

No one was able to document Adara (Loughead is not considered a reliable source and should not be used without corroborating documentation from other sources). 8/90

Adèle Aethelyan of Moondragon. Name change from Adèle of Moondragon.

Aethelyan is not a reasonable variant of Aethelyna. No documentation was presented for reversing the vowel and consonant in any period pattern of names. 3/92

Adenwald the Hazardous. Device. Per chevron azure and plumetty azure and argent, a hawk displayed, wings inverted, Or.

Multiple conflicts, including: De Limesay, Gules, an eagle displayed Or; Bartram, Azure, an eagle displayed Or; Duchy of Westphalia, Azure, an eagle displayed crowned Or; Palatinate of Saxony, Azure, an eagle displayed (sometimes crowned) Or; and Gilbert of the Glens, Azure, an eagle displayed grasping a sun in both claws Or. In each case there is only one CVD, for the field. 7/90

Adiantium, Barony of. Badge for Award of Fern and Quill. Argent, in saltire a feather azure and a fern frond vert.

Conflict with Moses von dem Falken (SCA), Argent, a feather azure. There is one CVD for the addition of the frond. 08/91

Adina del Alcázar. Name and device. Purpure, a crescent and on a chief argent a mullet between two Arabic horns vert.

No submissions forms were included in the Laurel packet for this submission. 04/91

Adrian Silverthorne. Device. Quarterly, gules and argent, in bend two castles argent and in bend sinister two serpents erect to sinister, tail nowed vert, overall a cross sable.

Given that crosses overall were not infrequently used in marshalled arms in period, this has every appearence of the marshalled arms of Barnstable and O'Drone. 11/91

Adriana nic Aífe de Winterhawke.

No name forms were received. Additionally, the locative is highly improbable. Dropping the particle "de" would probably be sufficient to answer the problem. 9/91

Adrianna Gretchen von Fehmarn. Device. Pean, in bend a teasle sipped and leaved Or and a flax flower slipped and leaved argent.

The use of two different kinds of plants in different orientations and different tinctures is not period style. Prior Laurel precedent has indicated that we should not use two different kinds of charges of the same general type in a single charge group. 11/91

Adrienne Francesca de Montaigne. Badge. [Fieldless] On a dragon's wing inverted sable a flame argent.

The primary charge is not identifiable, and the term inverted when applied to wings could create more than one possible emblazon, thus failing the reproducibility test of the RfS (an emblazon must be reproducibly from the blazon). 02/92

Aedan MacCormac. Device. Purpure, a sinister hand aversant fesswise proper maintaining a chalice Or.

Conflict with Herald of Pleasure, Gules, a dexter gauntlet fesswise proper holding a goblet Or. There is one CD for the field but no difference for either type (hand vs. gauntlet) or tincture (proper [metal] v. proper [metal]) of the primary charge, and the visual similarties when comparing the two emblazons were overwhelming. 05/92

Aelfgifu Wolfsängerin. Device. Chapé vert and azure, a chevronel enhanced throughout between a decrescent, an increscent and a wolf ululant coward argent.

Though submitted as "chapé vert and azure", we have been consistently blazoning "charged chapé" as per chevron throughout. In this case, however, there are additional problems. In addition to the per chevron line starting too high on the field, the chevron (not chevronel; the SCA does not register single diminuitives of ordinaries) acts more like fimbriation than a charge. Were it either problem alone we would probably register this with an instruction to the submitter to "draw the X properly". In this case however, the multiplicity of problems warrants return for redrawing. 4/92

Aelfred vom Silberwald. Device. Per pale azure and gules, a pale Or between an oak leaf and a goblet argent.

Conflict with U.S. Replacement & School Command (MilOrd #1061), Per pale azure and gules, a pale Or, and with the Republic of Chad (flag), Per pale azure and gules, a pale Or. There is only a single CVD in each case, for the addition of the secondaries. 10/90

Aelfric Thorfastson. Device. Per chevron inverted azure and gules, a dragon sejant Or.

Conflict with Alethia Elphin of Dragonholde, Vert, a dragon sejant, wings elevated and addorsed maintaining in dexter forepaw a crescent Or. There is one CD for the field but nothing for the minor change to posture or the maintained charge. Furthermore, this is not a per chevron inverted field. Per chevron inverted issues from the sides of the field and not the corners of the chief. This could at best be considered a very deep chief triangular, which in this case would be color on color. 11/91

Aelfwine Edwineson. Device. Gules, three piles issuant from sinister Or.

Conflict with Robert Henderson (Lyon Ordinary Vol. I, p. 320, Gules, three piles issuing from sinister Or, a chief engrailed ermine, and with von Tettau (Rietstap), Gules, three wolves' teeth issuant from sinister argent. In each case there is only one CVD, respectively, for the addition of the chief and for the tincture of the primaries. 12/90

Aelfwynn de Montfort of Tweoneam. Device. Quarterly argent and azure, four cinquefoils counterchanged.

Conflict with Blood (Papworth, p. 867), Quarterly argent and azure, four quatrefoils counterchanged. There is not really any visual difference between quatrefoils and cinquefoils. 9/90

Aelis Helen. Device. Per fess Or and vert, a hedgehog sable between two slippers and a musical note counterchanged.

Withdrawn at the request of the submitter. 8/90

Aethelred of Andredesleage. Device. Vert, three dogs dormant in pale, Or.

Conflict with Mandeville (Papworth, p. 172), Vert, three wolves passant in pale Or. There is one CVD for the posture of the canines. 08/91

Afonlyn, College of. Device. Sable, a bend wavy between two roundels quarterly arrondi argent and sable each within a laurel wreath argent.

The roundels were blazoned on the LoI as whirlpools, but it is our understanding that whirlpools or gurges are used as a single, throughout charge on a field, and thus inappropriate for use as multiple secondaries. As reblazoned, there is a clear identifiability problem since they share a tincture with the field. Additionally, there is a conflict problem with Tulse (Papworth, p. 215), Sable, a bend wavy between two dolphins embowed naiant argent, since the roundel/wreath collocations are visually a single group of secondaries, not two groups. As such, there is only a single CVD for changing the type of secondaries. 10/90

Afonlyn, College of. Device. Or, on a cross couped gules a fountain and on a chief gules two laurel wreaths Or.

In addition to this being at the complexity limits of VIII.1.a, the use of a cross couped gules should probably no longer be allowed in SCA heraldry because of the international treaties and federal law which protect that charge and restrict its use to the International Red Cross (and as a trademark to those who were using it before those treaties went into effect). 05/92

Aidan Aileran O'Comhraidhe. Badge change for House Silver Scythe. Per fess wavy azure and argent, a bar wavy azure, overall two straight-hafted scythes in saltire, points outward, argent.

The scythes have unacceptably poor contrast on the lower half of the field (argent on argent disappears entirely). The visual effect of the bottom half of the field (which is drawn as less than half the field) is of a field per fess wavy azure barry wavy argent and azure. Blazoned this way this is a conflict with Prayers (Papworth, p. 1088), Gules, two scythes in saltire argent, with one CD for the field. 05/92

Aileen ní Bhrighde. Device. Azure, a fox passant and in chief three increscents argent.

Conflicts with Blaidd Rhydd (Papworth, p. 98), Azure, a wolf passant argent, with Borgoine (Papworth, p. 60), Azure, a talbot passant argent, and with Lloyd Q. (Australian Personal Arms), Azure, a wolf passant argent. In each case there is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. Conflict also with Dickinson (Papworth, p. 111), Azure, a war wolf passant and three stars in chief argent, with one CVD for the change to type of secondaries. 06/91

Ailis Catriona Mac an Tóisich. Device. Lozengy argent and sable, a seawolf erect gules.

Visual conflict with Ivar Krigsvin, Checky sable and argent a sea-lion erect gules. The visual similarities of these two devices overwhelm any technical differences for field and type of primary. 12/90

Aislynn de Darkenhall. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister between two doves close argent, three roses gules.

Conflict with Hugh of Ravenwood (SCA), Azure, on a bend sinister between two fleams argent, three gouttes palewise gules. There is only one CVD, for the change to the type of secondaries. The change to type only of the tertiaries is insufficient for the second. 10/90

Aislynn Fyrlocc. Name.

"Fire-lock" does not appear to be an epithetical name constructed on Period patterns of naming. Most descriptive epithets are much more literal, such as Dustiberd. As noted by one commenter, "fire-hair" would appear to describe a cooking accident much more than a hair color. 05/92

Al-Barran, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Desert Fawn. [Fieldless] A deer statant affronty proper.

Submitted as a fawn, prior Laurel precident has noted that we do not register baby animals (LoAR August 88 p. 22). The deer is in an heraldically unusual position: that, combined with the three dimensionality of the charge as drawn, pushes it beyond the informal Rule of Two Wierdnesses. 11/91

Alan Jacobsen. Device. Argent, on a cross pointed azure, a mullet of six points elongated to base argent, within a bordure azure.

Conflict with Sibbald (Papworth, p. 634), Argent, a square-pierced cross moline within a bordure azure. There is a CVD for the type of cross, but with all the good-will we could muster, we could not find sufficient difference between these two crosses. There is no difference for the changes to type of "tertiary". 8/90

Alan Lothinlarsson fra Jorvik. Device. Sable, on a pale rayonny argent a double bitted axe sable entwined of two heraldic roses petalled alternately argent and gules, barbed Or, seeded and slipped vert, in base three goutes de sang.

The charges on the pale exceed the complexity limits of VIII.1.a. (Complexity Limit) and VIII.1.c.ii (Layering Limit), with three types of charge on the pale and what is effectively four layers (field, pale, axe, roses). The whole effect is noticeably non-period. 05/91

Alan Lothinlarsson fra Jorvik. Name and badge for Kaudiflugastadur. Or, a horsefly rampant to sinister guardant wings elevated and addorsed sable, orbed vert, clad in motley argent and gules.

The household name does not appear to be correctly formed in Old Norse. The word "kaudi" is a noun, but we need its form as an adjective here, since it modifies "fluga" ("fly"). The genitive singular of "fluga" as needed here would be "flugu", making the likeliest combination "flugustadr". The badge was returned in December of 1989 for non-period style, lack of contrast, and motley of two colors. While the last two issues have been fixed, the former remains. The citations used by the submitter of flies in armory are all in the default position of "volant en arriere", and none of them are wearing garb of any kind, much less motley. It seems to be the consensus of the College that a fly rampant and clad in motley exceeds the informal "Rule of Two Weirdnesses" and given the College's feelings about birds in a rampant position it is unlikely that a rampant insect would be any more acceptable. 05/91

Alaric von Rottweil. Device. Per saltire gules and argent, a fylfot arrondy counterchanged.

First of all, this is not really a fylfot arrondy. It is similar to a cross gammadion, the arms enarched, of the SS Fifth armored division, but has an extra bend in each arm. As drawn it is unblazonable and therefore must be returned. (If drawn as a fylfot arrondy, it would also have to be returned, as fylfots of any kind have always been returned because of their association with the German NSDAP.) 7/91

Alarich Liutpold von Steinman. Device change. Gules an eagle displayed wings inverted and on a chief embattled argent two crosses formy gules.

Conflict with Rev. Reid (Lyon, Vol. II, p. 123), Gules, an eagle displayed argent, beaked and membered azure, on a chief embattled of the second a cross moline between two bells sable. There is only one CVD for the changes to the tertiaries. 3/91

Alastair ap Maelgwyn. Device. Per bend Or and bendy sinister argent and sable, in sinister chief a griffin segreant gules.

Conflict with Chisenal (Fairbairn's Crests, p. 107), A griffin segreant gules. There is a CVD for field vs. fieldlessness, but position on the field can count for no difference against a fieldless crest or badge. 10/90

Aldith Gyffin. Badge. Argent, a blackberry bramble blasted and eradicated purpure, within a bordure wavy sable mulletty argent.

The primary charge is unidentifiable and consequently unregisterable per RfS VII.7.a. 3/92

Aleksandr Yaroslavovich Vyetcikov. Device. Sable, a pall of chain Or between three bezants.

Technical conflict with Laidlaw (Papworth, p. 464), Sable, a chevron Or between three bezants. Because of the secondaries, we are currently unable to apply X.2 to the primary. If there are no serious objections to the revised wording of X.2 as proposed in the attached cover letter, please have the submitter resubmit this when that wording goes into effect. 9/90

Alesia d'Trenwyth. Name.

Had the submitter allowed minor changes to grammar, we could have registered this as Alesia de Trenwyth. As it is it must be returned because the French "de" is not contracted this way before a consonant. Trenwyth seems to be an acceptable variant of Trenewyth, based on several similar variant spellings, including Trenewth and Trenwith. 7/90

Alexander de Toulon and Catrin Rhiannon d'Arc. Badge. [Fieldless] A sea-horse maintaining a rose slipped argent.

Conflict with Rowen of Windtree Tower, Per saltire sable and vert, a seahorse erect argent. There is only one CVD for fieldless versus fielded. There is also some question as to the propriety of registering a seahorse to someone with the name Rhiannon, given the long-standing ban on registering horses in combination with the name Rhiannon. 10/91

Alexander de Toulon. Badge. Azure, a seahorse and on a chief invected argent a crescent azure, dimidiated with Per pale azure and sable, in pale a bar and a rose palewise slipped and leaved argent.

The Rules for Submissions, XI.3, state specifically that "Armory that appears to marshall independent arms is considered presumptuous". This submission clearly marshals independent arms. The subtext to XI.3 notes that "Divisions commonly used for marshalling, such as quarterly or per pale, my only be used in contexts that ensure marshalling is not suggested." Dimidiation is one such context. Precedents for not allowing marshalling and dimidiation go back at least as far as the LoAR of October 24, 1979, Master Wilhelm von Schlüssel stated that "This is very lovely, but it looks like dimidiation, which we do not allow." The fact that dimidiation is not specifically mentioned in the new RfS does not mean that it is now excluded from the ban on marshalling. That the submitters may display their registered arms dimidiated (however unidentifiable each coat then becomes) is not disputed, but they may not register them this way.

(Another reason for not registering this particular badge, completely aside from the marshalling/dimidiation question, is the lack of identifiability of the charges, per VIII.3, which requires that "elements must be used in a design so as to preserve their individual identifiability". As many of the commenters noted, at least some of the charges on this dimidiated submission are almost totally unidentifiable.) 10/90

Alexandra de la Mer Verte. Badge. Sable, on a vested arm fesswise embowed issuant from dexter holding a sword argent, a compass star sable, in chief a lit candle argent.

The badge is very complex in that it is unbalanced and appears to have no cohesiveness or unity of design. As such it must be considered a non-period design. 05/92

Alexandra de la Mer Verte. Device. Or, a bend sinister vert between a mortar and pestle and an inkwell and quill sable.

Conflict with Pedrwn Merchion, Or, a bend sinister vert between a sword palewise and a double bitted axe palewise sable. There is one CD for the change of secondary charges only. 05/92

Alexandra del Monte di Pietá. Badge. Azure, a salamander rampant reguardant sable, enflamed Or.

Conflict with Cenino (Papworth, p. 983), Azure, a salamander Or, in a flame proper. There is only one CVD for the tincture of the salamander. 02/91

Alexandra del Monte di Pietá. Device. Erminois, a pomegranate gules, slipped and leaved vert.

Conflict with the Kingdom of Granada (Woodward 339), Argent, a pomegranate gules, slipped and leaved proper; with Reardon (Papworth, p. 888), Argent, a pomegranate gules; and with Bilson (Papworth, p. 888), Argent, a pomegranate proper. The only difference in each case is the field tincture. 02/91

Alexandra del Monte di Pietà. Badge. Azure, a salamander salient reguardant sable, enflamed proper, within a bordure Or.

As drawn on the large emblazon, the salamander is on a flame gules, fimbriated Or. As a consequence, it is color on color. (Nor have flames fimbriated been allowed for some time.) 02/92

Alexandra di Campaldino. Device. Sable, a thunderbolt argent.

Conflict with Blix (Woodward, p. 311), Azure, a thunderbolt argent. There is only one CD for the change to the field. 12/91

Alfredo Gabriel Halcón. Device. Argent, a bend sinister azure, overall a lion rampant guardant contourny within a bordure fleury counterchanged.

Counterchanging an animate charge over an ordinary greatly diminishes its identifiability. That in conjunction with the counterchanging of the complex bordure is simply too much. 01/92

Alfric Northwind. Badge. Azure, fretty, overall a compass star argent.

Conflict with the badge of the Barony of Rivenstar (SCA), Azure, a rivenstar argent. There is a CVD for the addition of the fretty to the field, but there was a clear consensus among those attending the meeting that there was not another for the difference between a rivenstar and a standard compass star. 06/90

Alianore d'Astralis. Device. Vert, on a sun Or, rayed alternately Or and gules, between in bend two daggers palewise and in bend sinister two harps, a wyvern gules, bellied vert, webbed and legged argent, and taloned gules.

This device is simply too complex. The sun rayed alternately of two tinctures, one of them low contrast with the field, the poor contrast of the wyvern's wings with the sun, the use of two different tinctures for the wyvern's torso, and the use of two different types of charges in what is visually a single group of secondaries were simply too much. 10/90

Alina Meraud Bryte and Gavin de Haga. Name for House de Haga of Deodar.

Although the addition of the exlocative ("of Deodar") would clear the previous problem with the household name, personal households may not incorporate the name of an SCA branch in their name. Thus, the addition of the name of the Shire of Deodar may not be allowed here. 7/91

Alisander du Mont Saint Michel. Change of device. Sable, a unicorn within a bordure embattled argent.

Conflict with von Nussdorf (Rietstap, vol. 2, p. 331), De sable a une licorne rampante d'argent accornée d'or (Sable, a unicorn rampant argent, armed Or). There is only one CVD for the addition of the bordure. 9/90

Alistair of Avalon. Device. Azure, a bear's head cabossed Or within a mascle of four swords proper.

Conflict with Hartree School Peebleshire (1st quarter) (Lyon Ordinary II, p. 210), Azure, a bear's head affronty Or. There is one CVD for the addition of the swords. 10/91

Alysoun Jeuneterre. Badge for House Catherine's Wheel. Barry wavy argent and purpure, a Catherine wheel counterchanged.

The household name is not registered, as implied in the LoI. Unfortunately for the client, it cannot be as it conflicts with the Barony of the Wheel. The counterchanging of the badge is excessive and unacceptably reduces the identifiabily of the primary charge. 02/92

Alysoun Jeuneterre. Device. Vert, a cup between three mullets argent.

Conflict with Kathleen Erin-go-burn-the-Bragh (SCA), Vert, a chalice argent containing flames Or. There is a CVD for the addition of the secondary mullets, but the flames are really only a held charge, and not worth a second CVD. 01/91

Amalric von Regensburg. Device. Chevronelly argent and azure, a lion rampant to sinister reguardant maintaining in dexter forepaw a sword inverted Or.

Conflict with Geldres (Papworth, p. 72), Azure, a lion rampant to the sinister Or; Connour (Papworth, p. 96), Vert, a lion rampant sinisterwise Or; British First Port Task Force Royal Engineers (Military Ordinary 140), Azure, a lion rampant sinister, maintaining in the dexter paw an anchor and in the sinister a sword both palewise, all Or. In each case, there is only one CD for the change to the field. 01/92

Amata Quentin Motzhart. Device. Lozengy sable and argent, a jester's hat gules.

Conflict with Bjornsborg, Barony of (SCA), [Fieldless] A cap and bells gules, doubled and belled Or. There is only one CVD, for fielded vs. fieldless. 02/91

An Dubhaigeainn, Shire of. Badge. Azure, a duck displayed guardant argent billed and membered within a bordure Or.

Conflict with Francesca of Bright Angel (SCA), Azure, a dove displayed head elevated argent. There is one CVD, for the addition of the bordure, but we could not in good conscience grant a CVD for type between two white birds in an identical position. 11/90

An Tir, Kingdom of. Name for Honor of the Lion.

Conflict with Lyon King of Arms, Blanche Lyon Pursuivant, Noir Lion Pursuivant, and Finland's Order of the Lion. Changing the designator is insufficient difference. 4/92

Ana Isabel Barrios de Perez. Badge. Argent, a domestic cats paw print sable.

Submitted under the name Ana Isabel Barrios y Perez, this is the registered form of the submitter's name. The badge conflicts with Igor Medved (SCA), Argent, a bear's dexter pawprint azure (with only one CVD for tincture of the primary charge), Eric Bearsbane (SCA), Argent, on a bear's pawprint sable, a flaming sword proper (only one CVD for removal of the tertiary), and Rodrigo de los Lobos (SCA), Argent, on a wolf's pawprint sable, a crescent argent (same count as Eric Bearsbane). It has been previously ruled that there can be no difference given for type of pawprint (LoAR 21 February 1988, p. 11). 06/90

Ana Karisa Dmitriev of Plumley. Name change from Ana Dmitriev of Plumley.

Karisa is not a reasonable coined name for Russian. The two elements "kar-" and "-isa" have entirely different roots and are not separable elements. She might consider the similar (but differently pronounced) Kharissa. 11/91

Anastasia Minskaya. Name and badge for Dom Koshki. Purpure, a wildcat's head cabossed wearing a horned helmet argent and in base two bezants.

The name of the household is not correctly formed, and there was some doubt as to what they actually wanted. "House of the Kitten" (our best guess as to their desires) would be "Dom Kotyonok". "House of the Kittens" would be "Dom Kotyat". The badge conflicts lInda-MUirreal von Katzenbrasse (SCA), Purpure, three cats' heads one and two, the upper cabossed and the lower couped and addorsed, all Or. There is one CVD for the change of type of 2/3 of the group, but nothing for the change to the tincture only of the charge to chief. Additionally, there were several questions by commenters as to the appropriateness (and in two cases, offensiveness) of the design, though the general feeling was that the Law of Toyota should apply here. 10/90

Anastasia Nikolaievna Raskol'nikova. Device. Or, semy of increscents gules, a sun sable.

Conflict with Firstman of the Lakes (Fabulous Heraldry #874), Or, a sun sable. There is one CVD, for the addition of the semy. 7/90

Anastazia Winogrodska. Badge. [Fieldless] A demi-swan displayed reguardant argent billed gules.

As noted by several commenters, the blazon was missing a tincture: the swan is argent, billed gules. As such it conflicts with Hoppe (Papworth, p. 307), Vert, a swan wings expansed argent, with a CVD for fieldlessness. 02/91

Anatar the Unknowne. Name.

Anatar was not shown to be constructed following the rules for name formation from a linguistic tradition compatible with the domain of the Society and the name elements used, as required by RfS II.3. Neither is it entirely "made-up": it appears to be a Greek root (the base for anatarasso, "stir up, make trouble") and Latin (anatanaria, a species of eagle). And if that were not enough, Annatar ("Lord of Gifts") is the name given himself by Sauron, noted in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Silmarillion. 02/91

André Jean Faucon. Device. Sable, a falcon close, in chief a comet fesswise, in base two barrulets engrailed and invected Or.

There are two problems with the device. First, it conflicts with Artus (Papworth, p. 304), Sable, an eagle close Or, and with Anne Gaverel d'Avesor, Sable, a peregrine falcon close, belled and jessed Or, orbed gules, maintaining in dexter foot a fountain. In each case there is only one CD for the addition of the secondaries. Second, given that all of the charges have what amounts to the same visual "weight", this is effectively "slot machine heraldry", with three different types of charge in a standard heraldic arrangement. 12/91

Andrea of Snow Roses.

The byname is not a reasonable locative. As Lord Badger noted, while each of the two parts of the byname were used in period, they were not used in the same kinds of bynames. To be used in a period manner, snow would have to be a reasonable discriptive adjective to apply to roses. Barring documentation of such a use in period, this must be returned. 10/91

Andrew Buchanan. Device. Bendy sinister of eight argent and gules, a sword bendwise inverted counterchanged and in sinister chief a thistle slipped and leaved purpure.

The counterchanging of the sword on the field renders its identifiability extremely problematical. The silhouette is so broken up by the counterchanging across the bendy field that it becomes extremely difficult to identify, defeating one of the basic principles of period-style heraldry, quick identification. 11/91

Andrew Wyrmholde. Device. Per chevron Or and argent, in pale a dragon passant azure, breathing flame proper, and a gauntlet aversant sable, all within a bordure vert.

With three types of charge and six tinctures this exceeds the rule of thumb for complexity of XIII.1.a in the Rules for Submissions. This would be ever so much better if the gauntlet and bordure were azure. 08/91

Angela di Firenze. Device. Azure, two rainbows in pale proper.

Conflict with Pfull (Woodward, p. 114), Azure, three rainbows in pale proper. There is one CD for the change to the number of the charges. 12/91

Angela Sara Maria Diaz de Valdes. Badge. [Fieldless] A gem ring Or set with six emeralds vert, overall a galleon sable, sailed gules.

We need documentation that this type of ring (with stones all the way around the outside edge) is period, not to mention the need for documentation that the raised settings for the stones on the ring are period. 10/91

Angela Sara María Díaz de Valdés. Blazon correction. Paly of eight gules and Or, three towers in fess sable.

As a number of commenters noted, we normally do not blazon the number of traits in a paly field unless there is some overriding need to. Paly fields are most commonly of six or of eight, and neither needs to be blazoned. 05/92

Angharad Chy a tyr Sterrenow. Badge. [Fieldless] A rose between three mullets of four points one and two azure.

This fieldless badge consists of disparate charges without even a unifying visual theme, in violation of RfS VIII.5, Fieldless Style ("Fieldless armory must form a self-contained design"). 01/91

Angrim the Unreasonable. Badge. Argent, goutty de sang, a skunk tergiant proper and overall three barrulets indented gules.

This design (as is almost any "road-kill" heraldry) is obtrusively modern, in violation of RfS VIII.4. 10/90

Angrim the Unreasonable. Device. Azure, two towers in pale between two bears combattant argent each maintaining a sword Or.

Conflict with the Burgh of Rose Hearty (Public Heraldry, p. 6), Azure, two bears combattant argent, muzzled gules, supporting between their paws a cinquefoil argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the towers, but their small size in relation to the bears means that they cannot be counted as the primary charges under X.1. The muzzling of the bears and the maintained cinquefoil of Rose Hearty are not sufficient for the second necessary CVD. 11/90

Angus of Blackmoor. Device. Argent, a stag's skull caboshed within a bordure sable.

Conflict with Snokishull (Papworth, p. 909), Argent, a buck's head cabossed sable, tips of all attires Or. There is a CVD for adding the bordure, but the differences between a buck's skull and a buck's head cabossed are nearly non-existent. 9/90

Angus of Blackmoor. Device. Sable, two suns Or, on a chief triangular argent a stag's skull sable.

This is not a chief triangular. Nor is it a pile, per chevron inverted, or chaussé. It is somewhere between all of these and as such cannot be registered. If he wishes to resubmit with a real chief triangular (that is to say, extending down into the field only about half as far as this does), we would be happy to reconsider this. 7/91

Anna Mitrofavnova. Device. Purpure, a cat sejant within a bordure argent.

Conflict with Freydís ór Thelamörk, Purpure, a fox sejant within a bordure argent. There is one CD for the change to the type of primary, but X.2 does not apply here. 6/92

Anna of Emporshire. Name.

The locative is composed of two different languages in a single word, and no documentation was submitted showing that either English shires could be formed with the name of a foreign city or that formation of a shire name in English would drop that final vowels before "-shire". Would the submitter consider simply using the documented city Emporiae? 01/91

Anna Zauberkünsterlin. Device. Or, a fox rampant gules wearing a fool's cap vert, in chief three golpes one and two all within a bordure dovetailed sable.

With four types of charge in five tinctures, this exceeds the complexity limits of RfS VIII.1.a. This would probably be acceptable if the client would make the color of the bordure one of the other colors already used in the device. (Either gules or purpure would probably work best.) 05/92

Anna Zauberkünstlerin. Device. Or, a fox rampant gules wearing a fool's cap vert and three golpes in chevron.

The "fox" is unrecognizable as such. It has a very distinctive lion's tail and the hood obscures the head where a lion's mane would normally be. If it is really a fox this conflicts with James the Fox, Or, a fox rampant guardant gules, with one CD for adding the golpes (they are purpure on the large emblazon, not blue [hurts] as blazoned in the LoI). If treated as a lion this conflicts with Gryffudd (Papworth, p. 82), Or, a lion rampant gules, by the same count. 11/91

Annabella Kirkpatrick. Device. Argent, a saltire engrailed sable and on a chief gules three doves migrant argent.

Conflict with Johnston (Papworth, p. 1064), Argent, a saltire engrailed sable, on a chief gules three cushions Or. There is one CD for the changes to type and tincture of the tertiaries. 02/92

Annabelle Marie Fitzsimmons. Device. Sable, a natural rainbow proper between in chief two pansies Or and in base a swan naiant argent.

Technical conflict with Laurel Venustas di Firenze (SCA), Sable, a rainbow proper between in chief two crosses crosslet fitchy and in base a rose slipped and leaved Or. There is only one CVD here, for the change in type to all of the secondaries. While the precedent in the Cover Letter of 6 September 1990, p. 2, defines the bottommost of three charges around an ordinary as half a group for purposes of counting difference, a rainbow is not an ordinary. Additionally, the natural rainbow proper also has extremely poor contrast with the sable field, enough so that its identifiability is significantly reduced. The submitter is advised to use an heraldic rainbow (on a sable [color] field, banded Or, gules, vert and argent) when she resubmits. 01/91

Anne de Silva. Device. Vert, two chipmunks sejant respectant proper supporting between them an acorn Or.

The chipmunks, being mostly brown, have very poor contrast with the vert field (color on color). 04/91

Anne des Sept Monts. Device. Azure, a fess indented on the upper edge Or and in chief a dove volant argent.

Conflict with Percy (Papworth, p. 702), Azure, a fess indented Or, as cited in the LoI. While there is a CVD for the addition of the secondary in chief, changing the complex line of division on the lower edge of the ordinary is not worth a second. (See the return of John Richard de Holloway, November 1990 LoAR for more discussion of this issue.) 01/91

Anne des Sept Monts. Device. Azure, a dove volant argent and a base indented Or.

Conflict with Kreis (Renesse, Volume I, page 408) Azure, a dove volant argent. There is only one CD for the addition of the secondary. 4/92

Anne Redlocks. Device. Azure, in bend two fleurs-de-lys Or and in bend sinister two swans naiant argent.

Though the field has but a single tincture, the appearance of marshaled arms is overwhelming. The eye tends to "draw" the quarterly division even though each of the "quarters" is azure. 12/90

Anne Winterskye.

Conflict with Anna of Skye (SCA). As much as we sympathize with Lord Dragon's position, we cannot bring ourselves to go along with his arguments because of the way that the Rules for Submission are worded. The only consistent interpretation that we could make was to consider Winterskye to be the addition of an adjective to the noun Skye (or sky). 7/91

Annes Clotilde von Bamburg. Device. Per chevron gules and vert, a chevron embattled between three crosses botonny Or.

Conflict with Parkins (Papworth, p. 412), Azure, a chevron embattled on the top between three crosses crosslet fitchy Or. Evidence was presented that period heralds saw no difference between crosses and crosses fitched, nor did the modification of the bottommost limb of four appear to give adequate visual difference to grant a CVD. 10/90

Annyse Lionstone. Device. Gules, a Latin cross pomelly sable fimbriated and surmounted in base by a lion passant Or.

Conflict with Braunston (Papworth, p. 614), Gules, a cross pommetty voided Or. There is a CVD for the addition of the overall charge, but changing the tincture only of what is effectively a tertiary charge (the voided area of the cross) is insufficient for the second. 06/91

Ansgar of Aachen. Device. Quarterly Or and sable, a mullet of four points counterchanged.

Conflict with Eleanor Leonard (SCA), [Fieldless] A mullet of four points distilling a gout. There is only one CVD, for fieldlessness. 11/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Athena Herald Extraordinary.

Conflict with the Order of Athena, registered to the Barony of the Angels. 7/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Rapier Herald.

Conflict with Silver Bear Rapier Company, registered to Jean de Clermont. Removal of the string of adjectives is insufficient per RfS V.2. 3/92

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Rapier Herald.

Conflict with the Carolingian Rapier Company. 05/91

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Sable Falcon Herald.

Conflict with the Falcon Herald. Per V.1 and V.2, addition of an adjective is insufficient. 7/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Iris Herald.

Conflict with the Blue Iris Pursuivant and aural conflict with the Ibis Herald (to the extent that one commenter even wrote Ibis for this submission). 7/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Badge for Award of the Sable Falcons. [Fieldless] A falcon sable jessed sable and Or maintaining a mullet of five greater and five lesser points sable.

Conflict with Meryck (Papworth), Per fess azure and purpure, in chief a hawk holding a fleur-de-lys sable; with Ernton (Papworth, p. 297), Argent, an eagle close sable; with Corbett (Papworth, p. 295), Argent, a raven sable; and with De Weert (Woodward, p. 262), Argent, a falcon sable hooded, lined and membered Or. In each case there is only one CVD, for fieldlessness. 9/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Sable Comet Pursuivant.

Conflict with the Comet Pursuivant. Per V.1 and V.2, addition of an adjective is insufficient. 7/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Sable Thistle Pursuivant.

Conflict with the Scottish Order of the Thistle. Per V.1 and V.2, addition of an adjective is insufficient. 7/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Argent Lion Pursuivant.

Conflict with Lyon King of Arms. Per V.1 and V.2, addition of an adjective is insufficient. 7/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Bofors Pursuivant.

Given the common usage in the SCA of calling the holder of an heraldic title "Lord X" or "Lady X", heraldic titles taken from real-life places falls under the Prohibition of Landed Titles of Corpora (Appendix C, Administrative Rules of the College of Arms). 11/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Sigil Pursuivant.

Conflict with the Order of the Sigil of Æthelmearc. 11/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Estoile Pursuivant.

Currently registered to the West Kingdom. 7/90

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for White Raven Pursuivant.

Conflict with House White Raven. 05/91

Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Title for Oerlikon Pursuivant.

Given the common usage in the SCA of calling the holder of an heraldic title "Lord X" or "Lady X", heraldic titles taken from real-life places falls under the Prohibition of Landed Titles of Corpora (Appendix C, Administrative Rules of the College of Arms). 11/90

Anthea Maecenas. Name and badge for House Warrington. [Fieldless] A cross couped gules irradiated Or.

Warrington is a real place in the middle ages and should not be registered to a single individual in the SCA. The badge conflicts with the insignia of the International Red Cross, not by our rules, but by theirs. As stated in Corpora Appendix A, "the Society recognizes the absolute precedence of law issued by civil authorities over any of its internal rules." International treaty severely restricts the use of a cross couped gules, and this takes precedence over any of the Rules for Submission, including those for difference, of the SCA. 02/92

Antigone Racine. Device. Per pale sable and gules, a dulcimer hammer palewise Or surmounted by two needles in saltire argent.

No documentation was included for this form of dulcimer hammer, nor does it match the form of dulcimer hammer documented in previous registrations. Without such documentation we cannot register this form of dulcimer hammer. 3/92

Antoine le Rêveur. Device. Per pale argent and sable, a rose gules and a rose argent, each slipped, leaved, barbed and seeded proper, stems crossed in saltire.

Both visually and technically this is in conflict with Diarmaid ap Gwilym (SCA), Per pale argent and gules, two roses slipped, the slips enarched and entwined along the line of division, counterchanged, seeded counterchanged". There is one CVD, for the change to the field. The change to the slips from what is essentially "in pall" to in saltire is not sufficient to generate the second CVD, especially given the poor contrast of one of them against half the field. Visually, the resemblance is just too strong as well. 11/90

Anton Embriaco del' Lupo. Name.

Withdrawn at the request of Star. The submitter's name was registered (from a Meridien letter of intent) in May 1989 as Antonio Embriaco del Lupo. 9/90

Anton Tremayne. Badge. Checky argent and sable, a cross bottony and a bordure gules.

Conflict with Chysual (Papworth p. 634), Argent, a cross crosslet fitchy within a bordure gules. There is a CVD for the field but nothing for the difference between crosses crosslet and bottony or for the fitching of the lower limb. 7/91

Anton Tremayne. Badge. Checky argent and sable, a cross botonny gules.

Conflict with Brereghly (Papworth, p. 604), Argent, a cross botonny gules, and with Gullat (Papworth, p. 614), Or, a cross botonny gules. In each case there is only one CVD for the change to the field. 9/90

Aodh Adendra Marland. Name and device. Sable, seme of compass stars, a tree eradicated argent, leaved of flames proper.

The use of the Greek Adendra here is more than mildly eccentric. The use of a Greek adjective (as opposed to a Greek name element) in the middle of an Irish/English name seems unlikely. We would prefer to see some evidence of at least a pattern of similar naming practices in period. As for the device, there are a couple of problems. Even on the large emblazon, the compass stars are not so much a semy as they are in orle. Further, they vary radically in size. Additionally, the charge registered to her husband's household is not a tree of flames; it is in fact two charges, a tree blasted argent and in chief flames Or. Thus, the primary on this proposal is not grandfathered nor is it period style, and we will need evidence of its compatability with period style before we may register it. 11/91

Aoibheall Dylon. Badge. Sable, a dragon rampant environed of a crescent argent.

Since the crescent is fairly clearly the primary here, this conflicts with Densel, Sable, a crescent enclosing an eight-pointed estoile argent. Were the dragon considered the primary, this would conflict with Alexander Greylorn, Sable, a dragon segreant, incensed of icy breath, and a chief rayonny argent. 7/90

Aoibheall Dylon. Device. Sable, a pall inverted and voided between in chief two dragons rampant and in base a crescent argent.

Conflict with Urho Waltterinen, Sable, on a pall inverted argent a chevron rompu sable. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries, but we could not in good faith grant another for the difference between a pall inverted "charged with a chevron rompu" and a pall inverted "charged with a pall inverted". 7/90

Aonghas O hAonghusa of Stratafon. Device. Per chevron argent and gules, two boar's heads couped close, each resting on a torse, sable and a lion rampant reguardant Or.

The fact that each boar's head rests on a torse makes each one a crest. "You cannot use a crest as a charge." (Wilhelm von Schlüssel, LoAR 26 May 1983, p. 19. See also LoAR of 21 February 1984, p. 11) 01/91

Aquila Blackmore. Device. Argent vêtu ployé gules, a mullet sable within a bordure argent.

As drawn, the emblazon shows the bordure overall. If the client would redraw this so that the corners of the vêtu are not cut off by the bordure, this design would be acceptable. 02/92

Arafel of Caerlleon. Name.

The name was submitted as invented by C.J. Cherryh (in The Dreamstone). However, the name there was used only by an elf (the last living one in that world), and hence not suitable for humans. The purported derivation by Cherryh of Arafel from Aoibheil seems extremely unlikely. And although the two themes of the name, "ara" and "fel", appear in Searle's Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum (pp. 72 and 240, respectively), the fact that they appear without any examples of their use in actual names (and that they are not in his extensive list of themes on pp. xv-xix) makes them suspect, to say the least. (Searle seems to indicate that "-fel" may be a misreading of "-wulf", and "ara" refers the reader to "Haraldus", where it is more clearly not a protheme.) The Anglicized form of Caerleon has only a single "l" (and it does make a difference in pronunciation). 3/91

Arianna Kateryn Nunneschild. Device. Gules, a stag rampant between three decrescents argent.

Conflict with Martellini dit Della Cerva (Renesse Vol. 2, Page 480), Gules, a stag rampant argent. There is only one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 02/92

Arianwen ferch Lawen. Device change. Azure, a falcon striking within a bordure embattled argent.

Conflict with the Shire of the Osprey (SCA), Azure, an osprey stooping within a laurel wreath argent. There is one CVD for the change from laurel wreath to bordure, but a visual comparison of the birds' positions demonstrated that they are too close to allow the necessary second one. 02/91

Ariel O Raithbheartaigh Floinn. Device. Argent, on a mullet vert a lynx's face argent.

Conflict with Ciarna d'Avignon, Argent, ermined vert, on a mullet vert a fox's mask argent. There is one CD for the field, but the change of type only of the tertiary, particularly since they are both animal's heads in the same position, is not sufficient for the second. 01/92

Arielle of Dragonwyck. Device. Argent, a fret vert, overall a dragon dormant purpure.

There was a severe problem even on the full size emblazon with the identifiability of the overall charge. (See RfS VIII.2: "All armory must have sufficient contrast to allow each element of the design to be clearly identifiable at a distance.") The submitter might consider a different position for the dragon: passant or statant would make it much more readily identifiable. 10/90

Arienne of Greylyn. Name.

Since "arienne" (by the submitter's own documentation) is a French word (meaning "follower of Arius"), we need documentation for the use of Arienne as a name. As the submitter's forms allowed no changes, we could not subsitute the similar sounding, documented form "Ariane". 8/90

Arima Jinsuke Shirotora. Device. Sable, a Bengal tiger salient argent marked sable between two gores argent.

The gores are incorrectly drawn, even for a roundel-shaped field: they would not be symmetrical along the fess line, but would touch in base. Conflict with Arbouin (Papworth, p. 93), Sable, a lion rampant argent. In keeping with the precedent set by Mistress Alisoun in the LoAR of December, 1989, there is not a CVD for the difference between a lion and a natural cat (of any size). 10/90

Armuin of Dunvegan. Name.

The submitter's own documentation is very clear that "armuin" is a title meaning "steward", "warrior", or "hero". It is not a given name. Would he consider the similar sounding (but documented) name "Ermyn" (Reaney's Dictionary of British Surnames, under "Armin" - "Ermyn Donetoun, 1327")?. 01/91

Arnkatla Solveigardottir. Device. Vert, a sea-ewe naiant and a bordure wavy argent.

Conflict with Kaylitha Rhiannon of Southhaven, Vert, a sheep courant within a bordure wavy argent. There is one CD for the difference between a sheep and a sea-ewe, but X.2 does not apply. 02/92

Arnkatla Solveigardottir. Device. Vert, a sea-ewe naiant argent.

Conflict with Lambert (Papworth, p. 97) Vert, a lamb argent. There is a CVD for changing the lamb to a sea-lamb but the consensus among the commenters was that X.2 does not apply here. 08/91

Artemidore de la Coeur Sincere. Device. Per chevron argent and sable, two fleurs-de-lys and a stag courant counterchanged within a bordure engrailed gules.

Conflict with Nelson, Per chevron argent and sable, three fleurs-de-lys counterchanged. There is a CVD for the addition of the bordure, but nothing (at this point in time) for changing type of one of the three primaries. 7/90

Artemisia Lacebrayder. Device. Gules, a senmurv between three lace-making bobbins palewise Or.

The secondaries were unrecognizable as lace bobbins, even by some familiar with them through use. This is being returned for redrawing. (The senmurv was quite recognizable, and is not a problem.) 12/90

Artemisia, Principality of. Name for Order of the Papillon of Artemisia.

Conflict with the Papillon Pursuivant. 11/90

Artemisia, Principality of. Name for the Artemisian Tank Corps.

The name here is intrusively modern. The fact that the individual elements may be period (though with different meanings than the submitters are desirous of) is overwhelmed by the modern connotations of the phrase. 02/91

Artemisia, Principality of. Name and badge for Order of the Pillar of Artemisia. [Fieldless] A sprig of sagebrush bendwise vert surmounted by a Doric column argent.

The name conflicts with the Order of the Pillar registered to the Barony of the Bridge, and with the Order of the Pillars of Ansteorra. The "sprig of Sagebrush" is drawn identically to a sprig of laurel. Given that, we would appreciate documentation that what was drawn on the emblazon is the correct leaf shape and placement for sagebrush. 11/90

Artemisia, Principality of. Badge for Order of the Golden Feather of Artemisia. [Fieldless] A feather palewise Or.

Conflict with Dáshive Luciana d'Avignon (SCA), Purpure, an ostrich plume Or. There is one CVD, for fieldlessness, but the change to type of feather is not worth a second. 11/90

Artemisia, Principality of. Badge for Order of the Gryphon's Talon. Sable, on a pile throughout Or, a talon issuant from chief sable.

Conflict with Gabriel (Papworth, p. 1023), Sable, on a pile Or, billets 4, 3, 2, and 1 of the field. There is only one CVD, for changing the type and number of tertiaries. 11/90

Artemisia, Principality of. Badge for Order of the Gryphon's Heart of Artemisia. Sable, a winged heart, wings displayed and inverted, Or.

Conflict with Samby (Fairbairn's Crests, p. 419), A winged heart Or. There is only one CVD, for fieldlessness of the crest versus the field of this proposal. 11/90

Artur Haun. Name.

No one could document Haun even as a Welsh word, much less as a name or name element. One commenter stated that "Haun is on page 213 of Bahlow", but without any further information, and with no way of doublechecking that source, we could not determine whether Haun was appropriate for use here. 4/92

Arval Benicoeur. Badge change. A fountain.

Conflict with Richard Tyler of Swiftwater, Per fess indented Or and azure, masoned Or, in chief a fountain. There is only one CVD, for fieldlessness. 12/90

Arven Atwater. Device. Per bend gules and sable, on a bend between a crescent bendwise sinister and a natural seahorse bendwise Or three trefoils palewise vert.

The device is right at the very limits of the rule of thumb for complexity with four tinctures and four types of charge. That, in combination with the nonstandard posture of any of the charges (with the sole exception of the bend), pushes it over the edge of acceptability. 12/91

Aryana van Wyck. Device. Or, a dove volant wings addorsed azure grasping in its beak an olive branch vert.

Conflict with Williams (Or, a falcon volant azure), as cited in the LoI. There may possibly be a CVD for bird type here (see my comments above on the return of Bran Gwyn ap Caw ap Maelgwn (Calontir) for a fuller explanation), but certainly not the substantial kind of change required by X.2. 01/91

Asa Guthröthsdottir. Device. Argent, a bend sinister azure between a maiden statant to sinister, proper crined Or vested vert holding a sword and a loom sable.

There are two problems with this device. The first is complexity. We have four charges and six tinctures which exceeds the rule of thumb of VIII.1.a. The second problem is the identifiability of the charge in base. It is not a recognizable loom. If it is meant to be an inkle loom, we need documentation for its existence in Period in this form. 08/91

Ashikawa Kameko. Badge. [Fieldless] A turtle sable.

Conflict with Esslinger (Siebmacher plate 51), Or, a turtle sable. There is one CD for the change of fielded to fieldless. We share Lord Trefoil's doubts regarding dismissing conflicts from the Matsuya Piece Goods Store on a "pick and choose" basis. As we have said before regarding some of the names in Withycombe or armory in Fabulous Heraldry, we are unwilling to start making lists of exceptions to standard references. The clear conflict with Esslinger simplifies matters this time; however, unless and until Matsuya can be shown to be unreliable in a manner similar to, say, Loughead, we will continue to use it for conflict checking. 11/91

Aslaug of Nidaros. Badge. Gules, a drinking horn fesswise reversed distilling gouttes, in chief three ansuz runes conjoined at the base in pall inverted Or.

Conflict with Hornacot, (Papworth, p. 949), Gules a bugle horn stringed Or. There is only one CD for the addition of the secondary charges in chief. By prior Laurel precedent (in the decision on the current Laurel's badge), the addition of the gouttes is not significant enough to count for a CD. 01/92

Atenveldt, Barony of. Badge for the Performing Arts Guild. Gules, a triple-tiered arch argent.

Conflict with Arches (Papworth, p. 351), Gules, three arches conjoined in fess argent, caps and bases Or. There are no CVDs between these two pieces of armory. 08/91

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Change of device for Crown Heir's Arms. Azure, a sun in his splendor Or within a laurel wreath argent and in chief a crown of three greater and two lesser points Or, overall a label argent.

As several commenters noted, Laurel precedent will not allow us to register the Kingdom arms with a label to the heirs of the Crown. See LoAR of 31 October 1984, p. 16, for a fuller discussion of this issue. There is, however, no bar to the heirs of the Crown bearing this device with the permission of the Crown. 08/91

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the King's Gauntlet of Atenveldt.

Conflict with the Award of the King's Gauntlet of Ansteorra. Perhaps a letter of permission to conflict could be obtained. 01/91

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Defenders of the Dream, the Lions of Atenveldt.

The name of the Lions of Atenveldt is already registered per the Cover Letter to the June 1990 LoAR. Does the kingdom really want to add the non-period style descriptive in front of the currently registered order name? 01/91

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Queen's Cypher of Atenveldt.

Conflict with the Order of the Queen's Cypher of both the East and West Kingdoms. Perhaps a letter of permission to conflict could be obtained from each of these kingdoms. 01/91

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Badge for the Order of the Lions of Atenveldt. [Fieldless] On a sun Or, eclipsed azure, a lion's head cabossed Or.

Because this is effectively "[Fieldless] On a sun Or, a hurt charged with a lion's head cabossed Or", the lion's head is effectively a quaternary charge, and therefore exceeds our layering limits. There was also some question as to whether this conflicts with Townsend (Papworth, p. 1100), Azure, a sun in glory Or. The azure "eclipsing" is nearly hidden behind the lion's head, which itself greatly resembles the face on a sun in its glory. 01/92

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Badge for the Order of the Lions of Atenveldt. Per pale argent and azure, a lion's head cabossed and a bordure Or.

Conflict with Caitlin MacDonnell, Vert, a lion's head erased affronty Or, gorged of a wreath of thistles purpure slipped and leaved vert within a bordure Or. There is one CD for the field, but nothing for cabossed versus erased affronty, and the gorging on Caitlin's device does not have the weight of a tertiary charge and so cannot add difference here. 05/92

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Legion of the Sword of Honor.

The order name here does not appear to follow any Period order name that anyone could find. The use of multiple nouns modifying other nouns creates a semantic nightmare. Depending on how one interprets the structure of the various phrases in its name, this could be considered to conflict with the Order of the Sword or with the Legion of Honor. 01/92

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Light of Atenveldt. Per pale aregent and azure, a sun in its glory and a bordure Or.

Conflict with Fridrikr Tomasson av Knusslig Hamm, Barry wavy argent and azure a sun within a bordure Or. There is one CD only for the change to the field. 6/92

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Azure Archers of Atenveldt. Azure, a sun in his splendor Or within seven pheons in annulo, points outward, argent.

Conflict with Alden (Papworth, p. 1100), Azure, the sun in splendor Or, and with Townsend (Papworth, p. 1100), Azure, a sun in glory Or, and with Abraham (Papworth, p. 1100), Azure, a sun Or. In each case there is one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 01/92

Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge for Queen's Champion. [Fieldless] Two tridents in saltire Or, surmounted by an escallop erminois, between four roses gules, barbed and seeded proper.

Please do not use the term "ermines", as it is confusing. In this case (as with the submission of Bebinn of Bury St. Edmonds) the fur was actually erminois. (The SCA normally uses the term counter-ermine for the fur British heralds call ermines.) From a study of the way the ermine spots were drawn, it appears that the emblazon was submitted upside down on both the LoI and the submission forms. This is being returned because it is a fieldless badge having disconnected charges of two tincture classes, color and metal. This has not been allowed for some time (this precedent was, in fact, written into the old rules as AR13b). Additionally, it is very busy for a badge, with seven charges of three types and four tinctures. 7/90

Atlantia, Kingdom of. Title for Conch Pursuivant.

Conflict with Conk Pursuivant, listed in the 1987 Armorial. 3/92

Atlantia, Kingdom of. Name and badge for Office of the Chatelaine. Azure, a ring of two keys and a chief wavy argent.

The name is far too generic to register to a single group. The badge needs to be submitted on a roundel, not an escutcheon, as it is not a device. 04/91

Avacal, Principality of. Device. Quarterly argent and Or, a griffin segreant maintaining a sword and arrow gules, the sword environed of a laurel wreath vert.

Conflict with Nearnes (Papworth, p. 980), Argent, a griffin segreant gules holding in each claw a key proper. There is one CD for the field, but nothing for the assorted maintained charges. There were several other Papworth and Woodward conflicts, mostly "(Field), a griffin segreant gules". Additionally, a number of commenters expressed concern that the laurel wreath did not constitute "a significant element of the design", as required by the Administrative Handbook, I.D.2. 4/92

Avacal, Region of. Device. Quarterly argent and Or, a griffin segreant maintaining a sword and arrow gules, the sword environed of a laurel wreath vert.

The name is registered as a herald's title to the kingdom of An Tir. No paperwork was received for a designator change. While in the past arms have been registered to the regions of Ansteorra and Calontir, a number of commentors questioned whether this is a precedent we should still follow. In a discussion with the Chairman of the Board of Directors, she recommended against the registration of the names and armory of regions. Might we suggest that the region send in the paperwork for a change in status to that of principality? 7/91

Averick of Glen Rowany. Device. Purpure, a chevron between two triskeles of armored legs and a lion dormant argent.

Conflict with Guiell/Gurell (Papworth, p. 397), Purpure, a chevron between three eagles displayed argent and with Archever (Papworth, p. 376), Purpure, a chevron enarched argent. In each case there is only a single CVD, for change or addition of the secondaries, respectively. 10/90

Aylwin Greymane. Device. Azure, two chevronells between in chief a compass star between two increscents and in base a compass star, all argent.

Conflict with Chawers (Papworth, p. 541), Azure, two chevrons argent. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. 11/90

Aynia Morgainn of Morgannwg. Device. Gules, a pile sable, fimbriated, and semy of Jerusalem crosses, Or, overall a hummingbird rising, wings elevated and addorsed, argent.

The primary here is not drawn as a pile (which may be fimbriated), but as a chaussé field (which may not). A bigger problem is complexity: the semy of crosses of Jerusalem lose their identifiability on the "pile". The submitter might try simple "crusilly". Finally, the hummingbird is somewhat in trian aspect. While this alone might not have been grounds for return, she might as well correct it when she resubmits. 10/90

Aziza al-Ghazaala. Name.

Returned for a lack of submission form. (Sorry, this was not caught when the Laurel packet was processed. Mea culpa.) 11/91

Ælfgar the Irrepressible. Device. Barry and per pale gules and checky sable and argent.

Conflict with Payto (Papworth, p. 52), Barry of six argent and gules, per pale counterchanged. There is one CD only for the change from argent to checky sable and argent. 02/92

Ælfreda æt Æthelwealda. Device. Vert, a fret and on a chief enarched Or three mascles vert.

Conflict with Robinson, (Papworth P 87) Vert, fretty Or, on a chief of the second three escallops ermine. There is a CD for the changes to the tertiaries, but by prior Laurel precedent nothing for the change between a fret and fretty, nor for enarching the chief. Please see the Miscellany section of the Cover Letter attached to this LoAR for Master Baldwin of Erebor's statement regarding using Papworth (or more properly, Papworth's blazons) as evidence that period heralds did, or did not, consider a fret different from fretty. 01/92

Æthelmearc, Consort to the Heir of. Device. Gules, an escarbuncle argent, in chief three roses Or.

This was pended from the April Laurel meeting. As stated then by Mistress Alisoun, "as status of the heirs is not recognized by Corpora, we do not feel it appropriate to register arms for the 'office'."8/90

Æthelmearc, Heir to Coronet of. Device. Gules, an escarbuncle argent, in chief a label Or.

This was pended from the April Laurel meeting. As stated then by Mistress Alisoun, "as status of the heirs is not recognized by Corpora, we do not feel it appropriate to register arms for the 'office'."8/90

Æthelmearc, Principality of. Transfer of heraldic title of Sycamore Herald.

Heraldic titles are registered to kingdoms (Administrative Rules, I.C.3). The East Kingdom may certainly designate this title to the use of the Æthelmearc Principality herald, however.

East, Kingdom of the. Name for Order of the Silver Blade.

Conflict with the Brotherhood of the Blade, registered to Sir Hugh the Undecided. Addition of the adjective is insufficient. 10/90

Baldred Elphinstone of Torwood. Device. Argent, on a fess azure between three hunting horns sable stringed and banded gules a palm tree couped argent.

Conflict with Rodway (Papworth, p. 828), Argent, on a fess azure between three bugle horns sable, as many roses Or. There is one CD only for the change to the tiertiary(ies). 11/91

Bartek Ruhiger. Device. Azure, an oak tree eradicated and on a chief argent three estoiles azure all within a bordure argent.

In spite of the registration of a bordure and chief in the same tincture some time back noted in the LoI, a similar combination was disallowed in the LoAR for the January 1991 Laurel meeting. It was noted there that a chief should not be used with a bordure of the same tincture as it will give the visual effect of a bordure with a fat top. Nor does period armory give much precedent for such a combination, as the vast majority of exemplars there go out of their way to demarcate the two charges by tincture, line of division, or both. As has often been noted, we follow the general practices, not the exceptions. 10/91

Bartholomew Kidwelly. Device. Per bend sinister sable and gules, a falcon striking, wings elevated and addorsed, maintaing a sword fesswise argent, a chief embattled Or.

Conflict with Teamhair nic Uilliam, Per bend sinister sable and gules, a gerfalcon striking, wings elevated and addorsed, argent, maintaining in its talons a fireball all within a border engrailed Or. There is a CD for changing the type of peripheral charge, but nothing for the posture of the primary or the maintained charges. 11/91

Basil Rattenbury. Device. Per chevron argent and vert, two trees eradicated proper, fructed gules and a mouse rampant to sinister argent.

Conflict with Philip of Ghent, Per chevron argent and vert, two fir trees eradicated and a hawk stooping counterchanged. There is only one CVD, for the change to type of the primary charges. X.2 (Sufficient Difference) cannot apply between two types of trees. 06/91

Bébinn an Ghleanna. Device. Argent, on a bend vert between a cross crosslet fitchy and a cat sejant erect guardant sable, three trefoils palewise argent.

Conflict with May (Papworth, p. 277), Argent, on a bend vert between two bucks heads cabossed sable, three roses of the first, and with Lloyd (Combined Ordinary, p. 78), Argent, on a bend vert three wolves heads erased argent. In each case there is only one CVD for the change to type of the secondaries. If the client would make the secondaries on this proposal identical (two crosses or two cats), we could apply X.4.j.2. and grant the second CVD for change to type of the tertiaries against both these arms. 9/91

Bedwyr ap Gwrgant Amaethon ap Rhain. Badge. [Fieldless] A scythe argent surmounted by a savage's head couped proper distilling gouttes de sang.

The effect of the combination of scythe, severed head, and blood issuing from the neck are simply too much. 11/90

Bei Ga An. Name.

No documentation was submitted confirming either the structure of the two character given name or that Ga could be so used. No commenters were able to find Ga as a name element. 11/91

Benedetta de Spenser. Name change from Benedetta Despencer.

The registration of Robert de Spencer of Wessex noted in the LoI appears to have been in error, but was based on commentary received at the time only, as no one included photocopies of the documentation. The documentation as cited by a number of commenters (no photocopies this time either) does not support the requested spelling change. 05/92

Berengaria of the Hounds. Badge. [Fieldless] On a cross flory gules a fleur-de-lys Or.

Conflict with Walcote (Papworth, p. 65), Argent, on a cross patonce gules five fleurs-de-lys Or. There is one CD for fieldless versus fielded, but nothing for the difference between a cross flory and a cross patonce, nor anything for the change to number only of the tertiary charge(s). 11/91

Berenger Nachtwulf von Mainz der Spieler. Device. Vairy en point argent and sable, on a bend sinister wavy azure between two chess rooks, a stag's attire Or.

The complex line of division of the primary is nearly impossible to identify on the multi-tinctured field. Would the submitter consider using a straight line of division on the bend sinister? 04/91

Berengière Fortescue. Device. Argent, a hawk displayed purpure and on a chief sable three roses argent.

Conflict with Hill (Papworth, p. 309), Argent, an eagle displayed double-headed sable, on a chief of the second, three roses as the first. There is a CVD only for the tincture of the primary. 7/91

Bertrand Lamont. Device. Sable, a cross dovetailed gyronny vert and argent.

Conflict with Stone (Papworth, p. 621) Sable, a cross raguly Or. There is a CVD for the tincture of the cross, but nothing for the difference between raguly and dovetailed. 08/91

Bianca Soderini di Firenze. Device. Argent, three piles in point vert and overall a phoenix facing sinister gules rising from a base of flames proper.

Conflict with Bryan (Papworth, p. 1027), Argent, three piles vert. Addition of the overall charge is only one CVD (per X.4.c). 04/91

Bjarni Kenhelm. Device. Argent, two eagles' wings conjoined and displayed gules, each terminating in a hand, maintaining in chief two axes crossed in saltire, heads to chief, sable hafted proper.

Conflict with Fitz-Payne (Papworth, p. 1122), Argent, two wings conjoined gules, with a CVD for the addition of the very large "maintained" charges. 02/91

Bjolfr Standali Vilmundarson. Badge. Per pale vert and purpure, three keys in pall wards outward and widershins Or.

Conflict with Beheim (Siebmacher, plate 66) Gules, three keys in pall wards outward handles linked by a triangle voided all Or. There is a CD for the field, but the triangle linking the three keys is the equivalent of a maintained charge and thus insufficient for a second Difference. 11/91

Bjorn Holvarsson. Name.

No submissions forms were included in the Laurel packet for this submission. 04/91

Björn Ráthvaldsson. Name and device. Pily bendy argent and azure, a tree couped proper and a bordure vert.

Though the name was submitted on the LoI as above (well, with an edh instead of a "th"), the submitter's forms quite clearly have "Bjorn Ragnvaldson" (without the umlaut in Bjorn). Given that the submitter would not allow corrections to grammar or spelling (though he would to translation), we feel compelled to return this so that the confusion regarding the submitted name can be straightened out "in kingdom". The device conflicts with Barony of Forgotten Sea, Argent, ermined, a poplar tree, its roots nowed in the form of a Ukranian trident head inverted, all within a border vert. There is one CVD for the field but nothing for the type of tree, frou-frou around the roots, or the brown trunk (less than half of the charge). 10/91

Blaan Wilhelm von Bamburg. Device. Argent a tree proper and on a chief sable a demi-sun Or.

Conflict with O'Murchoe (Papworth, p. 1114), Argent, a thorn tree fructed proper, on a chief gules a lion passant guardant Or. There is a CVD for the tincture of the chief, but nothing for the change to type only of the tertiary. 11/90

Blackmoore, Shire of. Name.

Conflict with Blackmoore, name of the second supplement published by TSR games to the original Dungeons and Dragons. The Administrative Handbook Protected Items F notes that locations which play a significant role in the action of the modern literary work (of any genre) in which they appear will be protected. As a consequence, in spite of the five English Blackmoors, we are having to return this for conflict with the TSR entity. 9/91

Blackstone Mountain, Barony of. Name.

Conflict with Mountain Confederation. By prior Laurel precedent, addition of the adjective Blackstone is insufficient to clear the conflict. 12/91

Borimir Dimitrian. Device. Per pale gules and vert, a horse passant within a bordure argent.

Conflict with Moyle (Papworth, p. 115), Gules, a mule statant within a bordure argent. There is one CD for the change to the field. Conflict also with Hirano, et al. (Hawley's Mon, p. 57), (Dark), a horse statant (light). There is a CD for the addition of the bordure. 12/91

Borkr Hálftroll Thorbjarnarson. Device. Sable, a bear Or and a ram argent combattant.

Conflict with Berton (Papworth, p. 61), Sable, a goat rampant argent. There is one CD for the addition of the bear. 02/92

Bran Gwyn ap Caw ap Maelgwn. Device. Azure, a raven and a trimount argent.

Conflict with Michelgrove (Papworth, p. 304), Azure, a goshawk argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the trimount, but we could not see a second for the difference between a raven and a goshawk in an identical posture. Regarding the statement made in the return of the Shire of An Dubhaigeainn, November 1990, it would have been clearer (and more accurate) had I said that there is no difference between two types of birds of similar shape or silhouette in identical postures. Thus this submission does not conflict with Longford (Papworth, p. 296), Azure, a sheldrake argent, with CVDs for type of primary and addition of the secondary. (Even Laurel on one of his bad days can tell the difference between a raven and a duck!). 01/91

Brand the Black. Name For The Black Company.

Conflict with the Black Company, the name of a mercenary company in a continuing series by Glen Cook, the first book of which has that as a title. The applicable rule regarding protecting this is in the Administrative Handbook, Protected Items D, "Names ... of Major Characters from Literary Works". The subtext to this rule makes it clear that the Black Company falls into this category. This is an exact conflict. 4/92

Brandric Rockslayer. Name.

Rockslayer is not a reasonable epithet, nor is "rock" a reasonable alternate spelling of "rook." 06/91

Branwen of Barnhamwood. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron between two crosses crosslet sable and an oak tree eradicated proper a raven argent.

Conflict with Temple (Papworth, p. 481), Argent, on a chevron sable five birds of the first beaked and legged gules; Frewod (Papworth, p. 482), Argent, on a chevron sable an escallop of the first; Alfray (Papworth, p. 483), Argent, on a chevron sable a fleur-de-lys of the first; Trewlove (Papworth, p. 485), Argent, on a chevron sable a quatrefoil of the first; and others. In each case there is a CD for the addition of the secondaries, but nothing for changing the number or type only of the tertiary. (X.4.j.ii does not apply here because of the dissimilar secondaries.) 3/92

Brénainn ó Murchadha de Ros Comáin. Badge for The Brothers Martial of the Cross Damasson. [Fieldless] Four swords conjoined in cross, those in pale at the points and those in fess at the hilts, proper between four crosses saltirewise couped argent.

This fieldless badge consists of disparate charges without even a unifying visual theme, in violation of RfS VIII.5, Fieldless Style ("Fieldless armory must form a self-contained design"). 01/91

Brendan de la Rue. Device. Argent, crusily vert, on a torteau a unicorn rampant guardant argent.

The unicorn is unidentifiable as such in a guardant posture, as its most unique identifying feature, the horn, is entirely lost against the head. We recommend using a normal rampant, and using fewer and larger crosses for the semy on the field; more like on the miniemblazon in the LoI rather than those on the large emblazon form. 01/91

Brian du Bois Breton. Badge. [Fieldless] A stag's head erased contourny Or.

Conflict with the British 91st AGRA (MilOrd #759), Vert, a stag's head in trian aspect to sinister Or. There is one CVD for fieldlessness, but nothing for the change to erased contourny from trian aspect to sinister, which is, after all, only a slight turn of the head. 12/90

Brianna Arielle Durand. Device. Per fess azure and argent, a compass star elongated to base argent and two piles inverted in point azure.

Visual conflict with Regin Bran Haraldssonn (SCA), Azure, three piles inverted conjoined in point and in chief three mullets of four points one and two, argent. While there is sufficient technical difference, the visual similarities of the two devices is extremely strong, with the greatest visual difference being only the number of mullets in chief. 02/91

Brianna Ashirvagh. Device. Sable, on a mullet of eight points throughout argent, eclipsed sable, a fox's mask argent.

Though blazoned as "pierced", the primary was drawn as eclipsed, a much more significant change. As such, this is four layers, in violation of RfS VIII.1.c.2. It also conflicts with Rathnarr Blaiddgwyn (SCA), Sable, a wolf's head caboshed within a sun eclipsed argent. There is at very best one CD for change of type of primary, and it is questionable whether we should even allow that much for the difference between a mullet of eight points and a sun. 4/92

Brianna ni Connachaidh. Badge. [Fieldless] On a gurges azure, a celtic cross Or.

Fieldless badges cannot use charges which issue or are defined by the edge of the field. The gurges is such a charge, and therefore may not be used on a fieldless badge. 4/92

Bríd uí Chon na Mara. Device. Azure, on a bend bretessed between two open penannular brooches bendwise sinister Or, a bendlet vert.

Conflict with city of Armaugh, Urban District Council (Public Heraldry), Azure, on a bend embattled between in chief a primatal cross and in base a harp Or, a bendlet gules. There is only one CVD for the change to type of secondaries. 9/91

Brighed O'Dáire. Device. Vert, a Celtic triquetrum brooch and a chief triangular argent.

The Celtic triquetrum brooch has been deemed unacceptable for registration in the SCA (see the LoAR of June 1991, p. 17). 4/92

Brighid O'Mainnin. Device. Or, a ferret's head couped affronty proper within an orle of blackberry vine vert, fructed purpure. (Mustela furo)

There were two problems here: one is the identifiability of the "ferret's" head as distinct from any other kind of beast's head in this position. The other is that ferrets appear to have no single defined "proper" tincture, but can vary according to the season, etc. 02/91

Brikti macMór. Name change from Astrid Ragnarsdottir av Arvika.

The grammar of the name is incorrect: Brikti is the genitive form and it needs to be the nominitive here. This would appear to be Brigid, or perhaps (in Manx) Bridey or Breeshey. The surname is probably acceptable, as MacMore is noted in MacLysaght. However, it would be more likely as nic Mhór. 10/91

Brion Gennadyevich Gorodin. Badge. [Fieldless] A mascle, overall an ermine spot argent.

While the style of ermine spot is not a problem here, when two charges of the same tincture overlap to this degree, their identifiability is reduced to an unacceptable degree. 02/92

Bronwyn of Kidwelly. Device. Azure, a tree eradicated, its roots surrounding a heart, all within a bordure embattled argent.

Conflict, both technical and visual, with Christopher de Lockewood (SCA), Azure, an oak tree eradicated within a fetterlock, all within a bordure dovetailed argent. There is a CVD for removing the fetterlock (a secondary charge on Christopher's device), but nothing for the addition of the heart (which gets lost in the roots). As noted by Mistress Alisoun on a similar design, a heart encircled by tree roots is extremely poor style. (LoAR of May 1989). 01/91

Bronzehelm, Shire of. Device. Azure, a helm Or, a chief indented and overall a laurel wreath counterchanged.

Charges should not surmount a chief. This has been a policy held since the tenure of Wilhelm von Schlüssel. 01/92

Brownwen D'Arcy of Stratafon. Device. Azure, a dove volant to sinister, wings addorsed, argent and issuant from base a demi-sun Or.

Though technically clear, there is visual conflict with Nyilas Kázmér (SCA), Azure, a goose volant, wings elevated and addorsed, argent, issuant from base a demi-sun Or. A dove flying to sinister simply looks too much like a goose flying to dexter without close inspection. 02/91

Brynhildr Kormaksdottir. Augmentation of device. Or, a Norse serpent nowed gules, as an augmentation, gorged of a ring Or.

Having checked the files, it is very clear that Brynhildr's registered device, as listed in the Armorial and Ordinary, is correct; that is, Gules, a Norse serpent nowed Or. Thus, this augmentation has no contrast at all with the charge upon which it is placed making it effectively invisible. 7/91

Brynna nic Adam. Name.

The evidence for Brynna is extremely weak. No evidence was adduced that this follows standard naming practices. If the Camden citation for Brynnae or if a Latin form Brynnus can be found, then this name should be acceptable. Until such time, however, we are forced to return it. 12/91

Burke Kyriell MacDonald. Change of badge. [Fieldless] A sun or eclipsed of the field and overall a compass star elongated in pale argent.

It is not possible to eclipse something "of the field" on a fieldless badge. 02/91

Cadfael the Mordacious. Name.

We did not receive the form for this name submission in the Laurel packet. (Lords Gold Falcon and Saker, I apologize for not having contacted you about this. I missed the flag from my Administrative Assistant. Not catching it and informing you is my fault, and I am sorry.) The meaning for Mordacious in the OED is dated to 1650 which is at the outer limits of our "grey area". Could you interest the submitter in the documentably Period term "Mordant"? 08/91

Cadi ferch Bradwen. Device. Chevronelly of four gules and azure a pegasus rampant to sinister Or.

This field division in two colors is not allowed by the Rules for Submissions VIII.2.b.iii. Additionally, there is a conflict with the U.S. 103rd Observation Squadron (Military Ordinary #950), Azure, a pegasus rising to sinister in adumbration Or. There is only one CVD, for the change to the field. 11/90

Caelinn nic Lochlainn. Name change from Caroline ó Cainnigh.

Conflict with the already registered Caitilin ni Lochlainn. 04/91

Caer Daibhidh, College of. Name appeal of Laurel return and device. Argent, on a pale azure, a plate indented within a laurel wreath overall counterchanged.

Per V.4, the name does not conflict with the College of Saint David. However, the name still has the problem of mixing two languages into a single phrase, and their documentation does not really support the combination here. Were the name involved here of Gaelic origin, then their arguments might be stronger; however, David is a borrowed name, which appeared in different forms in the two languages used in the name submitted. That "David" would have been preserved in a form such as this is not supported by the evidence. The device conflicts with a badge for the Kingdom of Caid, Argent, on a pale azure a crescent argent. The roundel needs to be drawn with fewer, and much bolder, "indents". 7/90

Caerthe, Barony of. Badge for Order of Sable Lion of Caerthe. Sable, on a sun Or, a lion's jambe erased bendwise sable.

Conflicts with Dernley (Papworth, p. 1100), Sable, a sun in splendour Or, and with Rale (Papworth, p. 1100), Sable, the sun Or, with only one CVD for the addition of the tertiary. Conflicts with Jean-Louis de la Bête (SCA), Sable, on a sun Or a lion rampant reguardant sable, all within a ressure demi-flory Or, and with Eleric Sonn Hvittann (SCA), Sable, on a sun Or an anvil sable, within a bordure Or, with a CVD for deleting the secondary, but nothing for change of type only of tertiary. 8/90

Caid, Kingdom of. Title for Merlon Herald.

Aural conflict with the Merlyne Pursuivant (England). 11/90

Cailean macCullough. Name and device. Pily bendy sinister argent and sable, a two-handed sword gules.

The name conflicts aurally with the already-registered Colleen MacCollough. The device conflicts with Dymock (Papworth), Argent, in pale a sword gules, with but a single CVD for the changes to the field. 01/91

Cairenn of CúáRuadh Keep. Name.

Cairenn as spelled here appears to be a unique name, that of the mother of Niall of the Nine Hostages. CuáRuadh Keep does not appear to follow the pattern of using an anglicized Irish name in an English style place name (such would much more likely be something akin to Conroe Keep). 08/91

Caitlin de Fernon. Device. Per pale argent and azure, a tree blasted and eradicated counterchanged.

Conflict with Daniel of Glenmore, Per pale argent and azure, a pine tree counterchanged. While there is clearly a CD for the difference between types of trees, X.2 does not apply between trees. That X.2 should not apply between blasted and regular trees should be even more apparent given that in period many trees were drawn with empty branches each terminating in a single oversized leaf, rather than the "cotton candy" form of leafy foliage we see more commonly today. 11/91

Caitlin of Argyle. Name for the Fellowship of the Horse.

Conflict with Master of the Horse, registered to the Barony of Bhakail (only the "invisible" designator is changed), as well as Sea Horse Pursuivant (with only the removal of the adjective). 04/91

Caitlin Ravenlock. Device. Sable, a pale and a chief argent, a griffin passant overall Or.

"Surmounting a chief is not period heraldry and may not be heraldic even today. No charge should surmount a chief, wholly or partially, in SCA heraldry." (Wilhelm von Schlüssel, LoAR of 22 March 1983, p. 13). 01/91

Caitlín Caimbeul. Name.

Conflict with the already registered Catherine Campbell. These two are effectively the same name; one is Anglicized. Kathleen, a more direct Anglicization, is considered a diminutive of Catherine, and we do not count difference for diminutives from their longer forms. 01/92

Caitrin ni Ruaidhri. Badge. Vert, on a flame argent, a thistle purpure.

Conflict with Michael Bjornson, Vert, a viking longship sable upon flames of fire argent. There is only one CVD, for changing the type and tincture of the charge on the flames. 7/90

Cala of Savatthi. Device. Gules, in pale a butterfly and a lotus flower in profile argent.

The "lotus flower", documented in the LoI from Chinese pottery, is not reproducible from the blazon. Those submitting heraldry should be reminded that period art styles are not necessarily registerable period heraldic styles. If the client would consider resubmitting with a standard heraldic lotus in profile, none of the commenters mentioned any conflicts. 6/92

Caoimhe Fionnarun ni Roibaird bean Mhichil mac Aoidh. Name.

The name has some minor grammatical problems and no one was able to document a pattern which would allow the construction of the name Fionnarun. Since the submitter allowed no changes whatsoever to the name, we were unable to drop the problematic element or to make the minor grammatical corrections. If the submitter would consider the suggestions made by the commenting heralds, a corrected construction would appear to be Caoimhe ní Roibaird bean Mhichíl mhic Aoidh. 4/92

Caoimteach Fuolchu dhe Buitseach. Name for Household Weordful Beag.

The submitter's name does not appear to be registered, and therefore we cannot register the household name. Additionally, the household name itself does not appear to be formed in a grammatically correct manner for Anglo-Saxon nor to make grammatical sense as a name ("House Worthy Ring"). 3/92

Cara Michelle DuValier. Device. Sable, four fleurs-de-lys in cross, bases to center, and a bordure Or.

Conflict with Lascelles (Papworth, p. 636), Sable, a cross flory within a bordure Or. Because of the arrangement of the primaries, we cannot apply X.2 to grant sufficient difference between this arrangement of four fleurs-de-lys and the cross flory. 9/91

Carmenette Rosiá Diez de Rodriguéz.

There were a number of issues regarding the name which we could not settle at the Laurel meeting. No evidence was presented to demonstrate that Carmenette is a Portugese name (the client's forms claim that the name is Portuguese, not Spanish). The LoI added two accents which the client's forms do not have and deleted one which they do. No evidence was given for the construction of the byname (indeed the only documentation presented were the client's statements regarding the name. No photocopies of any kind were included in the Laurel packet). We are returning this for rework and/or additional documentation by the client for the individual elements and the overall construction of the name. 12/91

Caroline Forbes of Oxfordshire. Badge. [Fieldless] A boar's head erased purpure.

Conflict with the badge of Hugh de Vere, Earl of Oxford, A boar's head, found in Fox-Davies' Book of Badges, p. 132. Conflict also the Zimbabwian 5th Brigade (Special Forces), [Fieldless] A boars head erased. This last is used in all of the standard heraldic tinctures and some of the stains. 4/92

Carolingia, Barony of. Designation for the Borough of Huntington Greene.

We have strong doubts about the propriety of the College registering an unofficial designation like "borough" to an SCA group, past registration notwithstanding. If it's a household, let's call it a household and register it to the head of the household. If it's a geographic group like a canton or shire, let's register it as a canton or shire. 01/91

Carolus Mediocris. Name and device. Azure, a martlet volant bendwise argent and in chief three mullets of four points Or.

This is a joke name much on the order of Decrease Mather, Ivan the Not-So-Terrible, and Richard the Chicken-hearted, all of which have been returned for being joke names far too allusive to the historical Increase Mather, Ivan the Terrible, and Richard the Lionhearted, respectively. By the same token, this is far to allusive to Carolus Magnus (Charlemagne). The device conflicts with Lang (Papworth, p. 307), Azure, a dove rising holding in its beak an olive branch proper, in chief a mullet between two crosses formy Or. There is one CD for the change to type of the secondaries, but nothing for the slight change in position of the primary. The primary identifying feature of a martlet, its lack of feet, is here hidden by the position of the wing. 11/91

Cassandra la Sable. Badge. Argent, semy of snowflakes sable, a hawk striking to sinister proper.

Conflict with Malcolm mac Ruairidh of Blackoak, Argent, a raven striking to sinister gules. There is one CD for the semy. In this position the only difference between a hawk and a raven is the nearly invisible curve of the bill. 11/91

Cassandra Louise Marchand. Device. Ermine, a swan volant sable within an orle of violets slipped and leaved proper.

This was returned before in part because the orle of flowers was too similar to the restricted wreath of roses. This issue has not been addressed in the resubmission, and so this must be returned once again for this reason. It was suggested that if the submitter would clearly separate the individual flowers in orle, that this would probably remove the problem. 9/90

Cassandra Löwenstahl. Name and badge. [Fieldless] A mullet inverted gules, surmounted by on a mullet Or, a lion's head erased sable.

Löwenstein and Löwenthal do not appear to be sufficient precedent for allowing Löwenstahl. "Lion-rock" and "Lion-valley" are clearly toponymics; "Lion-steel" is not. The badge has too many layers. The Rules for Submission do not allow quaternary charges, which the lion's head here is. 12/91

Cassandra Northcliffe. Device. Or, a bimount and on a chief vert three lamps Or.

Conflict with Reynolds (Papworth, p. 566), Or, on a chief vert three lions rampant of the first and with Crompton (Papworth, p. 587), Or, on a chief vert three pheons of the first, as cited in the LoI. The bimount, as a peripheral charge, is not a "primary charge" as defined in the Glossary of Terms, and thus X.1 and X.2 cannot be invoked. 9/90

Cassandra of Kendal. Badge. [Fieldless] On a trefoil slipped vert three hearts points to center argent.

The radial arrangement of the tertiary charges is not period style, and their placement makes this effectively "a shamrock vert, voided argent", which is not permissible because it becomes effectively "thin-line" heraldry. 02/92

Cassandra of Kendal. Device. Sable, a bow and arrow drawn and sinister facing and on a chief argent three trefoils vert.

Conflict with Ragnar Thorbergsson, Sable a drawn bow fesswise arrow knocked and on a chief argent, three trees eradicated proper, as cited in the LoI. There is one CD for the orientation of the primary charge but the change to type only of the tertiaries is not great enough to apply X.4.j.ii., and comparing the two emblazons graphically demonstrated the overwhelming visual similiarity between these two devices. 05/92

Cassandra Villiers. Device. Potenty gules and argent, a base purpure, overall a fireball and a bordure Or.

Just as one should not have a charge overlying a chief or flaunches, a charge overlying a base is not registrable. If the client would consider placing the primary charge entirely on the field, there does not appear to be any other bar to registration. 05/92

Castell Daibhidh, College of. Name and device. Argent, on a pale gules a roundel indented, overall a laurel wreath counterchanged.

The name mixes languages in a single phrase, and no evidence was presented that it is possible to mix English and Scottish Gaelic in this way. The easiest and smallest fix would be Caisteal Dhaibhidh. The device conflicts with the Shire of Politarchopolis, Argent, on a pale gules a griffin segreant argent, overall a laurel wreath counterchanged. There is at best one CD for the change of type of the tertiary. 12/91

Castillos del Oro, Los, Stronghold of. Device. Azure, chapé ployé barry wavy argent and azure, a chevron ployé, in base a castle, overall a laurel wreath, and a chief embattled all Or. 06/90

This is far too "busy" for the period style we are trying to emulate. Additionally, charges should not overlie chapé lines of division; this submission has two that do, the chevron and the laurel wreath. Would they consider something simpler, along the lines of "Barry wavy argent and azure, a pale ..."?. 06/90

Caterina Angélique Coeur Noir. Device. Quarterly Or and gules, a heart sable, between in bend sinister a lion rampant and a horse rampant Or.

Three different charges in a standard heraldic arangement is disallowed by XIII.1.a. 7/91

Caterina de Chantal. Device. Purpure, a centaur rampant guardant maintaining a harp and on a chief argent, two recorders in saltire sable.

No emblazon form was submitted with this submission. My staff apologizes for not catching this early enough to correct the problem before the Laurel meeting. 10/91

Catherine de Mares. Device. Quarterly azure and papelonny azure and argent, three annulets linked in pall inverted Or.

Conflict with Fushiki, et al. (Hawley's Mon, pg 85), Dark, three rings interlaced one and two light. There is one CD here for the field (quarterly vs. plain). Lord Laurel is confused by the misunderstanding some commenters seem to have regarding the difference between fieldless and tinctureless armory. Fieldless armory gets a CD for fieldlessness; tinctureless armory (SCA, not mundane) acquires one CD for fieldlessness -- the other CD must come from a class other than tincture (RfS X.4.d). Japanese mon, while tinctureless, are not fieldless; thus, they cannot be granted the fieldlessness difference. Addition or removal of charges, field and charge divisions (since mon appear only to have used solid fields and solid charges), complex lines, all contribute difference from mon. Fieldlessness does not, unless the SCA armory being considered against it is fieldless, in which case the SCA armory, not the mon, gets a CD for fieldlessness. 01/92

Catherine of Wessex. Device. Vert, a unicornate pegasus rampant and on a chief Or two mullets vert.

Conflict with Quinn (Papworth, p. 985), Vert, a pegasus volant and a chief Or, there is one CVD for he addition of the tertiaries. There was some discussion as to whether or not we should continue the long standing ban against unicorn horse hybrids. While the conflict sighted above makes this issue moot, Lord Laurel is interested in everyone's opinion. Should we allow unicornate pegasi in SCA heraldry? 08/91

Catherine the Merry. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister wavy bretessy between a domestic cat sejant guardant and a fools cap Or, three hens palewise azure.

Submitted on the LoI as "wavy bretessy", a better blazon would be "wavy counter-wavy". However, neither really describes this non-Period treatment of a bend nor has such a treatment been previously found to be compatible with Period practice (see RfS VII.2 and VII.6). 12/91

Cathleen of Greystones. Device. Vert chapé embattled, a pine tree eradicated argent.

Conflict with Hastur (Fabulous Heraldry, pg. 42), Azure, a fir argent. There is one CD for the changes to the field. Additionally, there is some question among the commenters as to whether we should allow any complex lines besides ploye on a chapé field. 02/92

Catriona á as Gaoth. Name.

The byname is both grammatically incorrect and nonsensical. "Catriona the out of the wind" does not make sense in any language we could think of. 6/92

Catriona Mairghread nic Dhuibh of Moray. Badge. [Fieldless] A closed pair of scissors palewise argent issuant from flames in base proper.

Withdrawn by the client. 12/91

Catriona Mairghread nic Dhuibh of Moray Badge. [Fieldless] On a flame Or, outlined gules, a closed pair of scissors inverted argent.

The scissors here are metal on metal. As the flames are primarily Or with only outlining of the points of flame in gules, the contrast of the scissors against the flames is insufficient for identifiability. 02/92

Catriona O'Ceirin. Device. Argent, a domestic cat dormant guardant sable and in chief three shamrocks vert.

Visual conflict with Robin Freawine (SCA), Argent, a natural leopard dormant sable and in chief an ivy vine wavy fesswise throughout vert. The visual similarity of these two devices, with the black "meatloaf" cats in nearly identical positions (right down to the tail!) with "green leaves" in chief, was overwhelming. 12/90

Cedric Raedwulfing Fithelere. Badge. [Fieldless] A quaver azure.

In keeping with prior Laurel rulings on this issue, just as a badge may not consist solely of a single letter, neither may it consist solely of a single abstract symbol. 02/91

Cedrin Etainnighean. Badge. Gules, a sword palewise environed by a vol all within a bordure Or.

Conflict with Torrin the Wanderer, Per pale gules and azure, a sword palewise between two wings displayed all within a bordure Or. There is one CD for the change to the field only. 4/92

Cedrych Ladyman. Device. Gyronny argent and azure, a mullet within a bordure sable.

Conflict with Ansteorra, Or, a mullet of five greater and five lesser points within a bordure sable, as cited in the LoI. There is one CVD for the change to the field. The removal of the lesser points of the mullet, particularly given the fact of near unidentifiability of the mullet on the azure portions of the gyronny field, are not worth the necessary second CVD. 7/90

Ceidrych ap Gryffydd ap Cynan o'r Wyddfa. Name.

The name is a claim to descent from Gryffydd ap Cynan, king of Gwenedd of which y Wyddfa is the highest point. 10/90

Ceinwen of Land's End. Badge. Azure, a compass star and a bordure embattled argent.

Conflict with the Barony of Rivenstar (SCA), Azure, a rivenstar argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the bordure, but as was determined more than a year ago, there is no difference between a compass star and a rivenstar. 08/91

Celyna Eolas Astaraiche. Name and device. Vert, three mullets in bend between an open book and a sheaf of arrows inverted, Or.

"Acquaintance traveller" is not a reasonable epithet or byname in any language we could think of. The device is visually confusing: were all of the charges the same, it would be blazoned simply as five mullets. As it is, in spite of blazoning the mullets in bend as primary charges, it looks like slot-machine heraldry, having three types of charge in a standard heraldic arrangement (in saltire), for which reason we are returning it. 11/90

Ceridwen ferch Cynddelw ap Tanno Gwynedd. Device. Or, a cross masculy interlaced gules within an orle of oak leaves vert.

Conflict with Tindall (Papworth, p. 975), Or, five mascles in cross gules. There is a CVD for the addition of the orle of leaves, but the difference between the two crosses is insufficient for a second. 02/91

Ceridwen ferch Owayne. Alternate persona name for Marguerite de Beausant.

The byname is not appear to be formed correctly for French and no one could come up with a form which was close. (Considering that the polite French word for buttock is fesse she might consider Bellefesse, which of course would then open up a wide variety of possibilities for canting armory to go with the name.) 7/91

Ceridwen ferch Owayne. Badge. Sable, a cup argent charged with a heart gules, all within a bordure Or.

Conflict with the East Kingdom Cooks Guild, Sable, on a chalice argent a cross patty gules. There is one CVD for the bordure (which needs to be much wider) but nothing for the change to type only of the tertiary (a goblet is not a simple geometric charge under X.4.j.ii). 7/91

Ceridwen Ynys Clynnog. Device. Ermine, a hare sejant sable within a bordure embattled divided per fess gules and sable, in chief seven annulets conjoined in fess Or.

There are several problems with this device. The chain only in chief on the "bordure", is awkward to blazon, but the oversized middle link is too dominant to ignore. The combination of charging a bordure only in chief and at the same time dividing it on the per fess line makes this look much more like a divided field with a charge in chief and a charged inescutcheon (though one with an embattled edge). (See RfS VIII.3. Armorial Identifiability.) 4/92

Cerridwen of Raventree. Device appeal of Brigantia return. Per chevron sable and Or, a pentacle within an annulet and a unicorn passant to sinister counterchanged.

Despite Laurel's personal feelings on the matter, in formal and informal polls taken by a number of heralds (including Laurel) of both heralds and general populace members a significant percentage of Society members (in my poll, over half) had problems with the pentacle on the grounds of offensiveness because of association with black magic and "Satanism", especially given the recent publicity in relation to events in California in which inverted pentacles (only a 38 rotation of the charge) were prominently displayed in a number of newspapers and news magazines. Negative reactions ranged from being uncomfortable with the charge to a forthright "If I had to face that on the field I would not fight." As a consequence, I believe that a significant percentage of the populace finds the charge offensive and so cannot register it. 8/90

Chandelle Marie. Device. Sable, a lit candle and a bordure argent.

Conflict with the arms of Stefan in Murder at the War, Sable, a candle argent. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the bordure. 12/90

Charles Mandraco of Caernarvon. Name.

The Rules for Submission II.2, Constructed Names, notes that constructed forms "must follow the rules for formation of the appropriate category of name elements in the language from which the documented elements are drawn". We were not even given a language for the elements of Mandraco, though they appear to be English and Latin. We need the proper documentation before Mandraco, which appears to be an unlikely combination, can be registered. Might we suggest one of the following attested period forms: Mandragore, Mandrake, Mondrake, Mandragge, or Mandragon. 10/91

Charr ibn Bashshar. Name and device. Azure, on a fess argent between a lance fesswise reversed and a dagger fesswise Or, three snails contourny sable.

Unfortunately, there is a typographical error in the source used by the client. As was evident from an examination of the alphabetical listing in Compleat Anachronist #51, the name listed there as "Charr" should have been "Dharr". Although the client allowed minor changes to correct the spelling and grammar, we did not feel comfortable making such a correction where the pronunciation would be changed so dramatically as it would be here. The device conflicts with Adjer (Papworth, p. 786), Azure, on a fess argent three water-bougets sable. While there is a CD for the addition of the secondary charges, because they are not identical, revised X.4.j.ii. cannot be applied to give a second CD for the change to type only of the tertiaries. 05/92

Chelehnoura az Shiraz. Name and device. Or, eight candles in holders in annulo flames outward gules within an annulet of eight butterflies facing inward alternately azure and purpure.

The given was documented only as a combination of words, not as a name. If it is a made-up name, it needs to be shown how this follows Persian name formatio practices. Laurel documented "az" as "of" or "from", since the submitter didn't. The College does not register "non-heraldic-style" heraldry, nor were the elements of this submission documented even as period Persian artistic elements. 02/91

Christine des Chats Noirs. Device. Pean, on a sun Or, a natural panther passant to sinister sable.

Conflicts with Stefan of Seawood (SCA), Azure, upon a sun Or an eagle displayed sable, and with Akbar Khayamm (SCA), Pean, on a ball of flame Or a wolf's head erased sable. 8/90

Christoph von Wolfsburg. Device. Per bend sinister argent ermined vert and vert, in base a hawk's lure argent.

Conflict with Wingfield (Fairbairn's Crests, p. 511), A hawk's lure argent. There is one CVD, for fielded vs. fieldless, but nothing can be granted against a fieldless badge (which is what we have treated crests as) for position on the field. 9/90

Christopher Amber. Badge for House of Serpent's Keep. Vert, a sea serpent ondoyant-emergent Or.

The "sea serpent ondoyant emergent" has been returned before for non-period style (LoAR of June 1990, p. 13). Additionally, this is in conflict with Bloore (Papworth, p. 1043), Vert, a serpent bowed embowed debruised the head erect the tail torqued Or. There is only one CVD, for the position of the serpent. 11/90

Christopher Lyon. Device. Per pale and per chevron pean and purpure, a winged sea-lion regardant argent.

A per pale and per chevron field is not one of those which may be of two colors or two metals. Given that the SCA considers ermined fields to be of the tincture class of the underlying tincture, this is an unregisterable field. (Quarterly or per saltire would certainly be an acceptable field in these tinctures.) There is also a possible visual conflict with Arian Rowan of Featherfin (SCA), Gules, a winged sea-wolf, tailed as a fish erect argent". The submitter may wish to consider this and/or address it when he resubmits. 10/90

Christopher Morgan MacCathalain. Device. Per chevron argent and Or, both ermined azure, on a chevron gules, three enfields passant Or.

The charges on the chevron were quite clearly enfields, not talbots as stated in the letter of intent. Unfortunately, the device conflicts with Sigurd of Encboergaard, Lozengy argent and sable, on a chevron gules three caltraps Or, and with Robert de Bolton, Argent, on a chevron gules three lions passant guardant Or (Foster, p. 26). In each case there is one CVD for the field, but nothing for changing only the type of tertiary charges. Conflict also with Fiona Clare O Doinn, Counter-ermine, on a chevron gules a poppy argent between two others Or. There is a CVD for the field, but nothing for changing the type and 1/3 tincture of the tertiaries. (Lord Silver Trumpet also gives a long list of other Papworth conflicts which we will not cite here: they are all based on [Field], on a chevron gules three [charges] Or.) 7/90

Christopher Storm of Kintail. Device. Per chevron argent and vert, two oak trees fructed proper and an arm armored fesswise reversed grasping a claymore proper.

Conflict with Phillip of Ghent, Per chevron argent and vert, two fir trees eradicated and a hawk stooping counterchanged. As in the return of Basil Rattenbury in the June LoAR, there is only one CVD for the change to the type of the primary charges. X.2 (Sufficient Difference) cannot apply between two types of trees. 7/91

Cian the Smith. Badge for Clann an Chinn. Vert, in pall a key, a bell, and a sword, all Or, handles to center.

This is classic "slot-machine" heraldry, with three different charges in a standard heraldic arrangement. 8/90

Ciar Kamalah of Loughcrew. Name and device. Azure, three lotus blossoms in profile, slipped in pall, stems conjoined at center argent.

Per RfS III.2., we would need to demonstrate regular contact between the Irish and the Arabs to permit this mixed Irish Gaelic/Arabic Name. The large emblazon on the submission form had an unblazonable entity in the center of the shield which might be best described as three plates overlapped (a plate botonny?). With no way to describe it, we have not way to register it. 06/91

Ciar Lasse MacGregor. Device. Sable, an equal-armed celtic cross potent and on a chief Or three annulets sable.

The cross is not really potent: the crossbars at the ends of the arms are not the size which would normally be expected of "potent". As drawn here, they are part and parcel of the default for an equal-armed Celtic cross. As such, this does conflict with Tadhg Liath of Duncairn (SCA), Sable, an equal-armed celtic cross throughout and a chief Or, with one CVD for the addition of the tertiaries. 02/91

Ciar Reul. Device. Per pale sable and argent, vetu, a sun counterchanged.

The primary charge is not a sun. It is, if anything, an estoile in soleil. Were it drawn as a sun this would conflict with Jennet of Twominds, Per pale argent and sable, a sun in his splendor of the field rayed and featured counterchanged. As it stands the identifiability of the primary charged is drastically reduced by the counterchanging (witness that no one seems to have caught the fact that the primary charge was not a sun). 3/92

Cíara ní Mhaille. Device. Or, a swan naiant to sinister sable between three acorns vert.

Conflict with Western Australia (Neubecker, p. 212), Or, a swan naiant to sinister sable. There is a single CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 01/91

Ciaran MacDarragh. Name for House Tristatera.

The household name appears to be formed to refer to an object that does not exist. A triple balance is not a very plausible object. 02/92

Ciaran Redmane. Device. Per bend sable and vert, a horse's head couped argent maned gules fimbriated Or within a bordure argent.

There are simply too many problems with the emblazon here to register this and tell the submitter to "draw the X properly". The greatest difficulty comes with the mane of the horse's head which, rather than being of flames proper, is gules, fimbriated Or. The mane is far too complex to fimbriate. (And there is some question as to whether "maned of flames" is acceptable SCA style.) The suggestion by Lord Trefoil that we simply blazon the mane gules and tolerate its low contrast against the field as an artistic detail worth no heraldic difference will not work here. On this horse's head the mane is easily as significant as a pair of wings would be, and we would not allow them to break tincture either. 10/91

Ciáran Fionn Mac Cuillean. Name and badge for Wu Lung Household. [Fieldless] A lotus blossom affronty argent between in pale two oriental dragons statant unduly in annulo alternately argent crined sable and sable crined argent, and in fess the classic Chinese characters "wu" and "lung" sable.

While the submitter's dictionary documentation supported "wu" and "lung" as meaning "black dragon", there was some question of presumption, since the translation for "lung" here referred to "an emblem of imperialism". We would like additional documentation that there is not, indeed, any relation between "lung" as used here and the Chinese emperor. The badge is far too complex; it does not create a "self-contained design" as specified in RfS VIII.5 (Fieldless Style), and contains disconnected charges of both metal and color. We do not feel that the ban on fieldless badges containing disconnected charges of both metal and color, written into the old rules in AR13b, has been overturned by the new rules. 8/90

Ciáran Fionn MacCuillean. Device. Sable, semy of annulets argent, on a bottle per fess argent and Or a goblet azure.

Bottles came in a wide variety of shapes in period, and hence the emblazon may not be reproducible from the blazon. The specific variety of bottle shown on the emblazon is definitely post-period, so this must also be returned for using a non-period depiction. 01/91

Claire Félise de Forêtvert. Device. Vert, a fleur-de-lys within a bordure indented, flory at the inner points, Or.

Conflict with Jordanhill College School (Lyon II, p. 182), Vert, a fleur-de-lys Or. There is only one CD, for the addition of the bordure. 3/92

Clare Isibéal Séadhachán. Device. Vert on a chevron Or five bunches of grapes palewise purpure slipped vert and in base a Celtic triquetrum brooch Or.

A single 10-year old instance of the prior registration of a "Celtic triquetrum brooch" is not sufficient precedent to demonstrate either its compatibility or reproducibility. There is serious question about the recoverability of the emblazon from the blazon. 06/91

Clare Margaret di Cuneo. Device. Azure, a hare rampant between in fess two lilies slipped and leaved argent.

Conflict with Clelland (Papworth, p. 61), Azure, a hare salient argent round the neck a hunting horn vert garnished gules. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries; nothing for the poor contrast maintained charge. 01/91

Clarissa Volontè. Device. Argent, a hammered dulcimer gules between three shoe soles sable.

The secondaries are not recognizable as "shoe soles" (and barely as "footprints"). The primary is extremely difficult to recognize for what it is supposed to be. As a consequence, we have to return this. 02/92

Claudia DuBois. Device. Argent, a martlet gules, a bordure rayonny sable.

Conflict with Karena del Falco, Argent, a falcon close gules. There is a CD for the addition of the bordure, but after a comparison of the emblazons we did not feel that a CD could be granted for type only of bird. 6/92

Claus of Burzee. Device. Gules, a fess conjoined to a demi-pale in chief all invected argent.

There is no problem with the fess conjoined to a demi-pale; it is definitely a period charge. However, it does conflict with Klosterneuberg, Gules, a fess conjoined to a demi-pale in chief argent. There is only one CVD, for the complex line of the charge. 01/91

Coeur d'Ennui, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Crashing Boar. Per fess nowy inverted argent and gules masoned argent, a boar's head gules.

Conflict with Eerdeswike (Papworth, p. 908), Argent, a boar's head couped gules, with one CD for the change to the field. There are several similar "[field], a boar's head gules", all with the same CD count. As Mistress Alisoun noted in the LoAR of January 1990, the Period nature of a nowy field line of partition is in question. We need clear documentation of its Period use before we can register this. 02/92

Coeur d'Ennui, Barony of. Badge. Per fess argent and gules, in chief a boar's head couped close gules.

Conflict with Eerdeswike (Papworth, p. 908), Argent, a boar's head couped gules, with one CD for the change to the field. There are several similar "[field], a boar's head gules", all with the same CD count. 02/92

Coeur d'Ennui, Barony of. Name and badge for Order of the Bon Coeur. [Fieldless] On a heart gules a mask of comedy argent.

The name conflicts with Boncoeur (SCA). The badge conflicts with Thomas Heath, Argent, on a heart gules, a unicorn passant reguardant argent. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but nothing for change to type only of the tertiary. 02/92

Colin MacInnis. Name.

Conflict with Colin MacInnes, noted English novelist (1914-1976), found on page 635 of Webster's New Biographical Dictionary. 12/91

Colin Stafford of Thornwick. Device. Or, a chaplet of thorns between three fleurs-de-lys, points to center, sable.

Conflict with Burosse (Woodward, p. 131), Or, a crown of thorns sable. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 08/91

Collawyn Lughaidh O'Cearbhaill. Name for Equites Poetae [household].

The Latin term eques (plural equites) is the equivalent of "knight", a restricted title in the SCA. 9/90

Conan Grant. Device. Argent, a juggler in motley gules and argent juggling three hearts, within a bordure gules charged with three plates and three juggling clubs argent.

It was the consensus of the commenters that the primary does not have sufficient contrast with the field for ready identifiability. With the exception of the heart above the juggler's head, the hearts are not identifiable at all. The use of two types of alternating charges on a bordure is very poor style. And we are not at all certain that "juggling" is an heraldic posture. All in all, this just has too many problems to register. 8/90

Connor MaicFergus. Name.

Conflict with Conner MacPheargus, registered May 1991. 06/91

Conrad Leliasson. Name.

No documentation was given to show that the Latin Lelia could have been combined with the Norse patronymic particle -sson. Without demonstration of such a practice, we must return the name because the two parts of the patronymic do not agree in language. 3/91

Conrad Martin von Kassel. Badge. [Fieldless] Upon a hurt embattled, a bezant charged with a sexfoil.

No submission form for this badge were included in the Laurel packet. Additionally, this violates the layer limits of VIII.1.c.ii (Layer Limit). 04/91

Constance von Leipzig. Device change. Per bend sinister engrailed Or and azure, a heart gules and a flying fish haurient argent.

Because this was a device change and not a resubmission, we need to receive the proper submission fee. Since no fee was received for this we cannot process it. In the large emblazon the "flying fish" was as unidentifiable as in the mini emblazon in the LoI. When she resubmits we would suggest copying the fish from her currently registered device. 7/91

Constans von Württemberg. Device. Azure, a stag trippant Or and a chief wavy ermine.

Conflict with Strachen (Papworth, p. 59), Azure, a stag trippant Or. There is one CVD, for the addition of the chief. 12/90

Constanzia Beatrice Rossi. Device. Per pale argent and vert, a wingless dragon rampant to sinister and a bottle-nosed dolphin hauriant, in chief five mullets in arch, counterchanged.

I can only repeat what Master Baldwin said about arcs of stars: "The design, althoug pretty, is not heraldic. A circle of stars may surround an entire charge or group of charges, but stars surrounding only part of a charge is fantasy art." (Baldwin of Erebor, LoAR 28 September 1984, p. 14) The arch of mullets here is simply not period style. It might also be argued that this design is slot-machine heraldry, with three different charges or charge groups in a standard heraldic arrangement (one and two). 02/91

Corbin de Heather. Device. Argent, a saltire embattled gyronny azure and sable between two roses in pale azure and two ravens close respectant sable.

The saltire may not be gyronny of two colors (see RfS VIII.2.b.iii and iv). 12/91

Corin Gentleheart. Badge. [Fieldless] A sea-lion erect guardant Or.

Conflict with US 17th Infantry Regiment (Military Ordinary, No. 194) A lion marinee erect Or, grasping in its dexter paw two arrows sable armed and flighted gules, and with the US 31st Infantry Regiment (Military Ordinary, No. 192) Azure, a lion marinee Or, maintaining in both forepaws a rifle with fixed bayonet palewise proper. In each case there is only one CD for fieldlessness, and nothing for the held charges. 11/91

Cornelius von Rügen. Device. Or, chaussé ployé sable, a sword palewise inverted argent entwined by an pithon displayed gules.

Per RFS XIII.2.b.i, both the sword and the pithon lie directly (though not entirely) on the field, and must therefore contrast with it. At almost any distance the sword becomes virtually invisible, being, as it is, "metal upon metal". Would he consider making the sword sable or one of the other colors? 11/91

Corwin Falcone. Device. Azure, in pale a mongoose passant reguardant Or, grasping with sinister forepaw a sword proper, and an increscent Or.

Conflict with Balswill (Papworth, p. 594), Azure, an increscent Or. There is one CVD for the addition of the mongoose. 04/91

Corwyn Sinister. Device. Argent, honeycombed vert, a raven rising, wings elevated and addorsed, sable.

Conflict with Raven (Papworth, p. 295), Or, a raven rising proper, and Ravenshore (SCA), Per fess argent and azure, a raven rising, wings addorsed, sable maintaining and escallop Or. In each case there is one CVD for the changes to the field. The field treatment here is a part of the field and not considered the addition of a group of secondaries to the field, which would clear these conflicts. 9/90

Corwyn Sinister. Name and badge for House Deofol Bael. Azure, a tower with three doors between two quill pens argent.

The name of the household does not seem to be properly formed, and no supporting documentation was included. The proper form would appear to be House Diabhal Gorm or House Diabhol Gorm. The badge conflicts with Delatowre (Papworth, p. 364), Azure, a tower argent, with only one CVD for the addition of the secondary feathers. 9/90

Côte du Ciel, Shire of. Device. Gyronny gules and Or, a bear rampant argent, maintaining in its dexter forepaw a laurel wreath vert, a bordure ermine.

A number of commenters expressed concern that the laurel wreath did not constitute "a significant element of the design", as required by the Administrative Handbook, I.D.2. Given that we do not normally grant any difference for maintained charges, this opinion has weight. 4/92

Cú Luáráin Caelán. Device. Azure, two swords palewise, the dexter inverted, and two arrows fesswise, the topmost pointed to sinister, all fretted argent.

The fretting of two different kinds of charge in four different directions is not Period style (see RfS VIII.4.d). 12/91

Culhwch ap Corwin. Name.

All of the documentation indicates that Culhwch is a unique, probably allegorical name. Since is not constructed of elements that appear in other names, we cannot even argue for it as a constructed name. 6/92

Cwenhere de Hauteville. Name.

The given mixes a feminine prototheme with a masculine deuterotheme. Such a construction is impossible by the rules by which Old English names were constructed. 12/91

Cyndcyrn Conn Corr. Badge. [Fieldless] A dragon's eye argent.

The commentary was nearly unanimous that the charge of a "dragon's eye" is no longer acceptable for registration in the SCA. 6/92

Cyndcyrn Conn Corr. Badge. [Fieldless] A dragon's eye Or.

The commentary was nearly unanimous that the charge of a "dragon's eye" is no longer acceptable for registration in the SCA. 6/92

Cyndcyrn Conn Corr. Device. Sable, in fess two dragon's eyes Or.

The commentary was nearly unanimous that the charge of a "dragon's eye" is no longer acceptable for registration in the SCA. 6/92

Cynthia Nichelle of Many Blue Waters. Name only (see PENDING for device).

One cannot take various name elements at random and combine them to form a new name. Such a practice does not follow the naming conventions of most languages. Given its modern use in the name of Nichelle ("Lt. Uhura") Nichols, we need better documentation that this construction is reasonable in period French. "Of Many Blue Waters" was not considered by any commentary to be a reasonable placename or byname. 11/90

Dael Beorht, Shire of. Device. Counter-ermine, on a pale argent a sun gules between two sprigs of laurel Or.

RfS I.D.2. requires branch armory to have one (or more) laurel wreaths. Two laurel springs is not a wreath. Might we suggest a laurel wreath Or overall? 06/91

Dafydd ap Bleiddudd. Household name for Amddiffynfa o fewn y Gaddugg.

The Welsh experts of the College had several questions about this name, so we are going to offer their suggestions to the client and let him decide which course he wishes to take. "Amddiffynfa is not a likely placename in Welsh, "caer" is much more likely. "Caddug" has a primary meaning of darkness, and as a masculine noun has no reason to mutate after the definite article. The most likely form of the household name would be "Caer Gaddug". Another strong possibility "Caer yng Nghaddug" or "Amddiffynfa yng Nghaddug" (if the client insists on "amddiffynfa"). A "smallest change" suggestion is "Amddiffynfa mewn Caddug". 12/91

Daibheid MacQuarrie. Device. Or, a chevron gules between three bears statant purpure.

Conflict with Stafford (Woodward), Or, a chevron gules, and with Carrick (Papworth, p. 375), Or, a chevron gules. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. 8/90

Dala Bloodaxe. Name.

Dala is not documented in Geirr Bassi; the nickname Dala- is. As such the name would mean "bloodaxe of the dales". Thus this name lacks a given. We could have substituted the documented given "Dalla", but Dalla is a feminine given and pronounced significantly different from Dala. As a consequence we did not feel that we could just substitute the name for the (male) client. 3/92

Dalah Rowden of the Misty Forest. Name.

Kolatch, as has been said by so many so often for so long and, apparently, so fruitlessly, is not, repeat NOT, an acceptable source for names. No one was able to find documentation for Dalah in any other, more reputable source. 08/91

Damon the Grim. Device. Argent two chevronels, one sable and one azure, between three bear's heads erased sable, collared Or.

Conflict with Amborrow (Papworth, p. 432), Argent, a chevron between three bears heads erased sable, muzzled Or. There is one CVD for the addition of the second chevron. There is also the problem that we have no evidence that multi-colored diminutives of ordinaries were ever used in Period. 08/91

Dana Mac an Ghabhann. Household name for House Mac an Ghabhann.

Conflict with Clan MacGowan, cited in the LoI. Mac an Ghabhann is merely the older form of MacGowan. 6/92

Dánabair nic Moirreach. Name.

There are no examples of compound names beginning with Dana- that any of the commenters could find. Dana is found as an uncompounded name, but we need better evidence of its use in compounds before we can register it this way. 11/91

Daniel de Lincoln. Device. Azure, four coneys rampant in cross heads to centre conjoined by the ears in annulo argent playing upon bagpipes Or.

Conflict with Kineiland (Papworth, p. 61), Azure, a hare salient argent, round the neck a hunting horn sable stringed gules. There is only one CD for changing the number of bunnies. 3/92

Daniel Farseeker. Device. Azure, an arrow inverted within an orle Or.

This technically conflicts with the Mercian Training Brigade, Azure, an imperial eagle displayed within an orle all Or (Military Ordinary #290), with only one CVD for type of primary. Vs. Patruska Vozon d'Angoumois, Azure, a stag lodged to sinister within a tressure Or, Laurel is inclined to allow a CVD for type of primary and another for orientation (palewise vs. fesswise), making them clear. 7/90

Daria Della Torre. Device. Gules, a chevron inverted between an open book and a pegasus passant argent.

Conflict with Rumlingen (Woodward, p. 138), Gules, a chevron reversed argent. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. Additionally you should inform the submitter that chevrons, even inverted, always issue from the sides of the shield, not from the corners of the chief. 08/91

Daria of Durmast. Device. Argent, a ferret statant to sinister sable and a chevron abased gules.

Conflict with Acton (Papworth, p. 372), Argent, a chevron gules. There is only one CVD for the addition of the ferret. 08/91

Dathi O' Cooney. Badge. [Fieldless] A roundel barry wavy vert and argent.

Conflict with Browning (Papworth, p. 56), Barry wavy vert and argent. The precedent cited in the LoI of the registration of the badge of Arval Benicoeur, [Fieldless] A fountain, does not apply here because this roundel does not have a independent heraldic existence the way a fountain does. Therefore, the ban on fieldless roundels as being presumptuous as a display of other armory applies. 6/92

David ben Avraham. Name.

Conflict with David ben Abraham, well-known 10th century Hebrew lexicographer and author of "Agron". 3/91

David Fletcher Stanwood. Blazon correction. Counter-ermine, a snowy owl contourny proper holding two arrows, a double tressure Or.

It has long been the practice of the College that when a standard blazon using heraldic tinctures is available that that blazon is preferable to using naturalistic propers. In this case, the only difference between the registered owl argent and the client's snowy owl proper is some of the internal detailing in sable. As this is exactly the level and kind of artistic detail that has always been left to the whim of the artist, we do not see sufficient reason to change the blazon here. 02/92

David mac Dougal mac Rori. Device. Per fess vert and argent, a melusine counterchanged.

Conflict with Tholosani (Woodward, p. 303), Azure, a siren with two tails and upraised hands proper and da Schio (Woodward, p. 302), Or, a siren proper holding her two tails vert, crowned with an antique crown Or. In each case there is a CVD for the field, but nothing for the difference between Caucasian proper and argent, or the slight change in position of the tails. 08/91

David the Smith. Name.

Conflict with modern American sculptor David Smith (influential on Minimal art during the 1960's), noted by his own entry in the Encyclopedia Brittanica. Addition of the article "the" is not sufficient to clear. 3/91

Davin Mac Alister of Drake's Height. Device. Gules, a crossbow between in base two bolts Or.

Conflict with Baliste, Gules, a crossbow Or. There is one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. 7/90

Deirdre Fletcher. Device. Gules, a sheaf of three arrows inverted between three mullets Or.

Conflict with Michael of York (SCA), Gules, a sheaf of three arrows bound by a serpent coiled to sinister guardant, all Or. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the mullets. 02/91

Deirdre Maudelyn of the Moor. Device. Argent, a sprig of heather proper within a bordure sable masoned argent.

The primary is not recognizable as heather, nor is it likely that heather could be rendered recognizably. 02/91

Deirdre O'Dalaigh. Device. Azure, a chevron between two wolves sejant respectant and a harp argent.

Conflict with Allenson (Papworth, p. 373), Azure, a chevron argent. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the group of secondaries. 01/91

Demetrius il Condottierro. Device change. Argent, a triangle voided, issuant to dexter from its apex a pennon sable and a base gules.

While the primary charge here is nearly the same as in his badge, that was registered with the comment that it was barely acceptable style. The addition of the base here [one commenter noted that it looked like a pup tent affronty on the red sands of Mars] pushes it beyond the bounds of acceptable period style. 10/90

Deorwine aet Earneleia. Device. Per chevron inverted azure, a crested eagle displayed affronty Or, beaked and armed gules, and Or, three oak trees eradicated vert, fructed of three acorns each Or.

Conflict with Isabeau Eaglestone of Glinwood, Per fess raguly vert and argent, an eagle displayed perched on a bow and three trees counterchanged. (Regarding Lord Batonvert's suggestion that we define as one-half of a group charges on each side of a line of division dividing the field into two portions, this issue seems too complex to resolve at the Laurel meeting. Lord Laurel invites input to consider this issue at the November Laurel meeting.) 7/91

Der Tomman Breathnach. Name.

The patronymic needs the genitive and would be aspirated after "Der" to form "Der Thómmáin." As the submitter's forms allowed no changes we were forced to return the name. 05/91

Derek Logan. Device. Vert, a bend sinister argent between a unicorn head couped and a dragon head couped to sinister Or.

The tincture of the bend sinister was left off the LoI. (The "bend sinister" on the emblazon form was also closer to a "ribband sinister". Please have the submitter draw it much wider when he resubmits.) Because on the forms it was quite clearly argent, there is a conflict with Dail y Eiliwriad o Cwm Cwymp Dwr, Vert, a scarpe argent between an oak leaf and a castle of three stepped towers Or. There is only one CVD for changing the type of secondaries. 7/90

Derek Logan. Device. Azure, on a plate between three lightning bolts Or, a unicorn's head sable.

The tertiary charge here is not as the blazon in the LoI stated a unicorn's head but a unicornate horse's head, a disallowed charge. If the submitter would redraw this as a unicorn's head it should not be a problem. (The submitting herald might also show the submitter how to draw correctly done lightning bolts.) 4/92

Deryk von Waldfrysk. Name.

The submitter's documentation does not support his appeal. The documentation seems to indicate that "waldfrysk" applies to the dialect of Frisian ("Frisian of the wooded region") rather than to a geographical place. The byname would appear to be better formed (at least in German) as "vom Frieswald" ("of the Frisian wood"). 12/90

Desert March, Canton of. Badge. Purpure, on a pile Or two swords in saltire gules.

Because this could also be blazoned Or, chaussé purpure, two swords in saltire gules, this is in technical conflict with The Archmarshal of the Holy Roman Empire, Woodward, Per fess Sable and Argent, two swords in saltire gules. 06/91

Deyrni of the Wood. Name.

RFS II.4 states that "elements of the submitters legal name may be used as the corresponding part of the Society name if such elements are not excessively obtrusive and do not violate other sections of these rules." Unfortunately, Deyrni is "excessively obtrusive", owing at least in part to the great popularity of Kathrine Kurtz's Deryni series. (That she is well known as a Countess in the SCA doesn't help, either.) Nearly every commenter who had anything to say about this name noted the problem of reading the given as "Deryni". 11/91

Diana Paradiso Delarosa Pergolini. Name.

Though the LoI gave the given as Diana, the forms actually had D'Anna, an Italian surname. Thus, this submission has four surnames with nary a given to be found anywhere. The submitter needs to acquire a given name and lose two (or better, three) of the four surnames. 10/91

Diarmait ua Dhunn. Device. Per bend vert and sable, a Bengal tiger salient Or, striped sable.

Conflict with O'Halie (Papworth, p. 97), Argent, a tiger rampant proper, collared and chained Or. Given the other blazons of tigers in Papworth, O'Halie would appear to have a natural tiger, leaving us with only one CVD for the change to the field. Conflict also with the U.S. 65th Artillery Regiment (MilOrd #154), [Fieldless] A natural leopard rampant proper. There is a CVD for field v. fieldlessness, but nothing for the differences between the types of cat or stripes vs. spots on them. 10/90

Diedre Maudelyn of the Moor. Argent, three bells azure within a bordure sable masoned Or.

Conflict with Wordsworth (Papworth, p. 181), Argent, three bells azure. Addition of the bordure is only one CVD. 10/91

Diego Santiago del Viaje Largo. Name.

While the client has in good faith added a given name, correcting one of the problems for which this was originally returned, the return from Laurel also noted that the byname was presumptious as well. Lady Triton's request that this be treated as a hardship case is a difficult decision here. Certainly, if the client was not given all of the reasons for return by the kingdom herald(s), there is a problem. However, the full reasons for return were given in the LoAR by Laurel, and I am hesitant to begin granting hardship allowances where the information passed on to the client was incomplete (as opposed to more serious kinds of misfeasance). I have seen many instances of a client stating that he or she was not given all of the reasons for a return, and Laurel has no way of double-checking to determine the accuracy of the client's, or the herald's, sometimes selective memory. To allow registration of a only partial fix of the reasons for return leaves Laurel (and the College) open to far too many opportunities for registering items in violation of our Rules for Submissions and the standards we have set for names and armory for the reason that "I wasn't told that [X] was a problem".

I would like to remind the submissions heralds (or those designated to inform clients of Laurel's decisions on their proposal(s)) that it is their duty to inform the client of the complete reason(s) for any changes or returns which Laurel makes to their submissions. Sometimes problems with a submission are mentioned "in passing", especially when there is a clear conflict or Rules violation, but these problems are as much a part of the "reasons for return" as the obvious calls. Our clients deserve to be fully informed of these "minor" problems, too. 12/91

Diorbhail ní Ruaidhri. Device. Argent a lion couchant reguardant gules and a chief invected vert.

Conflict with the attributed arms of St. Prisca (Fabulous Heraldry, cited in the LoI), Argent, a lion couchant gules. There is one CVD, for the addition of the chief (which was vert, as noted in the letter of correction sent out in February, not Or as noted in the LoI). 3/91

Dirk d'Arsenal. Change from holding name of Dirk of Storm.

The name is still grammatically incorrect; "Dirk of Arsenal" is not correct for any language in Period. If he wishes it to be Italian (as it was stated to be in the LoI), it would be dell'Arsenale ("Dirk of the Arsenal"). 4/92

Dirk d'Arsenal. Name (See PENDING for device).

The correct form of the byname appears to be "de L'Arsenal". As the submitter did not allow corrections to the spelling or grammar we have to return it. 08/91

Dofinn-Hallr Morrisson. Device. Gyronny arrondi of six azure and argent, a broadarrow gules.

Conflict with the Royal badge (England), A broadarrow. There is one CVD for fielded versus fieldless but as all of our sources seem to indicate that the broadarrow is a tinctureless badge, we lack the necessary second. 7/91

Dominica Leontyne du Lac. Device. Ermine, a rose sable, barbed and seeded proper and on a gore azure ermined argent a rose argent, barbed and seeded proper.

While this submission did indeed come out before the institution of the ban on charged gores, the commentary was nearly unanimous that the use of ermining on both the field and the peripheral charge was very complex and not period style. Additionally, the use of two different sizes of the same charge (the primary and the tertiary) has been grounds for return in the past, as they make it harder to identify just what is going on on the field, belonging as they do to two different charge groups. 3/92

Dominica Leontyne du Lac. Device. Gyronny ermine and azure, a rose sable, barbed and seeded proper.

Conflict with Wildenfels (Woodward, p. 324, 325), Or, a rose sable. There is only one CVD for the change to the field. 08/91

Dominica Leontyne du Lac. Device. Quarterly countereermine and argent, ermined azure, a saltire quarterly argent and azure.

Device withdrawn at the request of Lady Rampart. 02/91

Donan MacGlashan. Device. Purpure, a lute bendwise sinister Or and a bordure Or, seme of thistles purpure.

The lute as drawn is in trian aspect. If the submitter would redraw it there should not be a problem. (See the drawing of a lute in the Pictorial Dictionary, page 70, item 418, as an example.) 05/92

Donovan Blackshear of Gavinhold. Device. Ermine, a pair of shears sable.

Conflict with van Riebeek (Rietstap), D'argent à une force de sable posée en pal, en bande ou en barre, les bouts en haut ou en bas (Argent, a pair of shears sable posed palewise, bendwise or fesswise, the ends to chief or to base). Versus that branch of the family which bore them "palewise, ends to base", there is only one CVD, for the change to the field. 11/90

Dorcas Whitecap. Device. Barry wavy vert and sable, a dolphin haurient contourny and on a chief argent three crescents vert.

The field violates RfS VIII.2.b.iv, which prohibits fields multiply divided of two colors or two metals. 01/92

Douglas Cameron of Skye. Device. Per fess vert and azure, a bison's head cabossed argent.

The commentary was very nearly unanimous that there is not a CVD between a bison's head and a bull's head; therefore, this does indeed conflict with Dunston (Papworth, p. 911), Gules, a bull's head cabossed argent. There is only one CVD for the field. (A couple of commenters questioned whether bison were known to Europeans in Period: at the Caidan Heraldic Symposium in 1989, the side trip to the Huntington Library answered this question to Lord Laurel's satisfaction. There was there a Spanish book printed in 1560 which had a very large drawing of what was quite clearly an American bison.) 08/91

Dragan Volkov. Blazon correction. Per chevron Or and argent, two towers sable, each charged with a sword inverted argent, and an enfield passant to sinister guardant proper.

In the emblazon in the files, the swords are argent, not proper. An enfield proper has a red fox's head and forequarters, a grey wolf's back half, and yellow hawk's talons for the forelegs. (The emblazon in the files has the enfield colored brown all over with yellow hawk's talons for the forelegs. There is a note by Laurel in the file: "Please color the enfield in the above manner and use a dark grey.") 01/91

Dragon's Tier, Shire of. Name.

In addition to not really being a reasonable name, this conflicts aurally with the Order of the Dragon's Tear. 11/90

Dragonship Haven, Barony of. Badge for Haven's End. Per pale wavy argent and azure, five escallops in cross counterchanged.

Given the escallops almost completely covering the line of division, the fact that such line of division is wavy becomes nearly unrecognizable. 11/90

Dragonship Haven, Barony of. Household name for Elmeston.

While one root meaning for -ton is "farm," the much more common meaning is the geographic designator "town." "Town" is not a suitable designator for a "household," particularly one based on geography. Might we suggest "House Elmeston"? 06/91

Dragonship Haven, Barony of. Name for Elmeston.

No designation was submitted with the name Elmeston. Since they are based at a university, might we suggest "College of Elmeston"? 12/90

Dragonsspine, Barony of. Badge. [Fieldless] A dragon ???

No blazon was included in the LoI for either the posture or tincture of the dragon, and no form was included in the Laurel packet. 04/91

Drahomira Jaroslavna. Name change from Drahomira Jaroslavovna and device. Per saltire vert and gules, a fret within a bordure Or.

The correct patronymic form for the byname would appear to be the client's already-registered Jaroslavovna. The device conflicts with Hudleston, (Papworth, p. 887), Gules, fretty and a border Or, with one CD for the changes to the field. As has been demonstrated in the research before there is no difference in Period between fretty and a fret. 02/92

Drahomira Jaroslavovna. Device. Or, a fret vert within a bordure gules.

Conflict with Eaton of Dunmoylin (Reitstap), D'or à une frette de sinople (Or, a fret vert), and with Corwin ap Gurffith Cynnil, Or, a fret couped within a bordure sable, with but a single CVD in each case, for adding the bordure and changing its tincture, respectively. 02/91

Duane of the Falls. Name.

The Administrative Handbook, Protected Items I., states that "to preserve the historic distinction between an individual's society identity and his or her identity outside the Society, no item will be registered to a submitter if it is identical to an item used by the submitter legally or in common use outside the Society." RfS V.2 notes that addition or removal of adjectives does not constitute difference. Thus, the submitted name is effectively identical to the submitters use name outside the Society, Duane Falls. 9/91

Dubh-Thrian, Canton of. Name and device. Per chevron argent and sable, a laurel wreath vert.

The name is in conflict with the period site from which it was documented. Were the group actually located in the Barony of Duffer, County Down, Ireland, they would be able to use this name. Conflict with the Provost of Bayswater (Fabulous Heraldry), Argent, a laurel wreath vert, with von Lembert (Rietstap), D'or à unecouronne de laurier de sinople (Or, a laurel wreath vert), and with Dunbar of Grange (Fairbairn's Crests, p. 160), A laurel wreath proper. In each case there is a single CVD, for the change to the field (in the last case, for fieldlessness). Regarding possible conflict with the arms of the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc., Or, a laurel wreath vert, X.3 indicates that required charges (such as the laurel wreath for groups) are "invisible" only for the purposes of applying X.2 (Difference of Primary Charge). Since the laurel wreath is the primary charge here, no difference can be counted for making it "invisible" for purposes of counting difference.

Regarding the issue (brought up in the LoI) regarding the protection of the "fictional armory of a character in a book that none of us had even heard of," Laurel feels much as Lord Dragon put it: "I'm perfectly content to protect his armory if it means keeping a single, simple standard of difference." While Laurel is in sympathy with the position of the West Kingdom College of Heralds, I would hate to start complicating things with notices like, "We will protect all of the armory in Fabulous Heraldry (or the Military Ordinary, or Papworth's, or Woodward's or whatever) except for the following: ...". 11/90

Dugal MacTaveis. Device. Argent, three mullets sable between a gore and a gore sinister gules.

Conflict with Pelton, Argent, three mullets sable, with one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. Were the gores considered the primary charges (which they really cannot here), this would conflict with with Geoffrey Thomas, Argent, two gussets gules, with a CVD for the addition of the mullets. 7/90

Dugal MacTaveis. Device. Per chevron inverted argent and gules, a chevron inverted counterchanged and in chief three mullets sable.

Conflict with von Witzleben (Siebmacher, plate 165), Per chevron inverted argent and gules, a chevron inverted counterchanged. There is a single CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 7/91

Dughall MacDhomhnuill.

Exact conflict with the already registered (May 1990) Dughall MacDhomhnuill. 9/91

Duibheasa Maeve of Strikkenwoode. Device. Quarterly azure and argent, an increscent within four mullets of four points in cross counterchanged, and a bordure embattled sable.

Submitted as Duibheasa Méabh of Strikkenwoode, the above form was registered at the July 1990 Laurel meeting. The counterchanging of the primary and secondary charges is excessive, and reduces their identifiability to an unacceptable degree. 12/91

Dulcinea Margarita Teresa Velàzquez de Ribera. Device. Argent, three piles in point gules, an estoile, all within a bordure sable charged with the words "DIGNIDAD", "HONESTO" and "VERTUD" Or between three crosses crossletted fitchy points to center argent.

This exceeds the complexity limits given in VIII.1.a. Counting the words on the bordure as a single type of charge, we have five types of charge and four tinctures. 8/90

Dulcinea Margarita Teresa Velázquez de Ribera. Device. Argent, three piles in point gules, overall an estoile all within a bordure sable charged with the words "honesto", "dignidad", and "vertud" between three crosses crosslet fitchy, points to center, argent.

While (marginally) simpler than the previous submission, this is still too complex. The rule of thumb outlined in RfS VIII.1.a. is simply that, a rule of thumb. Some devices may be too complex by that rule of thumb and yet because of their visual unity be simple enough to register. Others may be "simple enough" by that rule and still be visually too complex. This particular submission falls within the parameters of the rule of thumb only because the three different words on the bordure are treated as a single type of charge.

In considering "appropriateness" to have more value than "arbitrary standards" as requested in the LoI, this device is appropriate for a man displaying marshalled arms during the Spanish Renaissance (Husband's arms: Argent, three piles in point gules, overall an estoile sable. Wife's arms: Sable, crucilly fitchy, the words "honesto", "dignidad", and "vertud" argent). The wavy-armed estoile is not a Spanish charge, but an English one. No evidence has been produced to show that piles in point were used in Spanish armory in period, and the use of mottos then was extremely limited. In other words, it isn't truly Spanish armory, though it is designed with a Spanish influence.

In the end, any armory submitted for registration by the College of Arms must be judged by SCA standards, not British, Scottish, French, German, Polish, Russian, Saracenic, or Japanese. This must be so because we do not register British, Scottish, etc. armory -- we cannot. That is left by law to the Colleges of Arms of those respective nations. We are the Society for Creative Anachronism, and what we register is SCA heraldry, what we use and display is SCA heraldry, and what we have to use to determine appropriateness are SCA standards. Visually, this submission is still too complex. 02/91

Dulcinea von Pfeffers. Device. Purpure, an edelweiss argent seeded within an annulet Or.

Unfortunately, by the current interpretation of the rules, this lovely device conflicts with the mon of Saito (Hawley, p. 16), Dark, a carnation within an annulet light. While we are willing to grant a CD for the type of primary charge, because we are having to treat mon as omnitinctured (but not fieldless), we can grant no difference for the tinctures. 4/92

Dun Carraig, Shire of. Badge. Argent, a single-arch bridge and in base a sea-dog rampant gules.

Conflict with Castellane (Rietstap), Argent, a castle of two towers gules, and with Daman (Papworth, p. 364), Argent, a tower flanked by a wall and two turrets gules. In each case there is one CVD for the addition of the sea-dog, but nothing for the minor differences between bridges and castles. 08/91

Dun na Mara Fianna, Stronghold of. Badge. Per fess argent and purpure, a quill pen fesswise and a sword fesswise counterchanged.

The group name was returned in the September 1991 LoAR. 01/92

Dún na Muir Fianna, Stronghold of. Name.

The Administrative Handbook, General Procedures for Submission C.5 requires evidence of support for submissions involving the name or armory of an active branch from a majority of the active members of the branch. No such evidence of support was enclosed with this submission. Additionally, the grammar appears to be incorrect. It would appear that the name should be Dún na Féinne Mara. 9/91

Duncan Forbes of Crathes. Name.

The use of a clan name with an actual place in Scotland implies landedness in the possession of a feudal barony. See Scots Heraldry by Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, pp. 203-205, for a fuller discussion of "Territorial Designations". 11/90

Duncan MacLean. Name.

Duncan MacLain is one of the three most important continuing characters in Kathryn Kurtz's Deryni books, and is protected by the Administrative Handbook, Protected Items D. 10/91

Duncan Macquarie. Device. Sable, a pile argent, overall a dragon passant coward gules.

The emblazon did not show a pile, a chevron inverted, nor a field chaussé. A pile, which is what this is closest to, should not issue from the corners of the chief, but from the chief in from the corners. Per chevron inverted will issue from the sides of the shield; and a chaussé line of division will go from the corners of the chief to the point of the base. Per Rule VIII.2.b.i, overall charges should have good contrast with the field, rather than the charge(s) it overlies. Were the underlying pile correctly drawn, this problem would be more obvious. Considering this to be "Sable, a pile argent ....", it conflicts with Fourney (Papworth, p. 1022), Sable, a pile argent, with a CVD for the addition of the overall charge. Considering it to be either "chaussé" or "per chevron inverted", it conflicts with Wales, Per fess argent and vert, a dragon passant gules, with one CVD for the change to the field. 12/90

Dyfan ap Iago. Badge. [Fieldless] A garlic bulb sprouting argent.

Conflict with Myfanwy Crisiant ferch Dafydd, Gyronny pupure and Or, a bulb of garlic argent. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but that is all. 4/92

Ealasaid an Dubhghlais. Device. Gules, a fess checky sable and argent between four gurges Or.

Gurges are a charge normally borne singly throughout on the field. There is considerable doubt that they may be used as multiple secondaries this way. This also conflicts with Butler (Papworth, p. 705), Gules, a fess chequy argent and sable. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 10/90

Ealasaid an Dubhghlais. Badge. Checky Or and gules, three snails conjoined in triskelion sable.

Conflict with Seminary South Corporation, [Fieldless] Three fossil ammonites conjoined in triskelion. There is onc CVD for fieldlessness versus fielded, but nothing for tincture. 10/91

East, Kingdom of the. Transfer of title of Sycamore Herald.

Heraldic titles are registered to kingdoms (Administrative Rules, I.C.3). 10/90

East, Kingdom of the. Badge and designation for Master Bowmen of the East. Or, four arrows fretted points to chief sable within a bordure gules.

We cannot, in good conscience, register a title reserved by Corpora to peers to any non-peerage group, no matter in what form they propose to use it. It may be that there are guilds which use some form of "guildmaster", "master armorer", etc. These ranks are not registered, nor can they be, unless and until the Board of Directors changes the titles of rank of the peerages. The badge conflicts with a badge of the West Kingdom, Or, four arrows fretted sable, barbed gules. This conflict was known when the LoI was sent to the College, and was included "on spec", in the hopes that a letter of permission could be obtained before the Laurel meeting. This is poor procedure, and should not be done. Obtain the letter of permission first. 7/90

East, Kingdom of. Badge and designation for Grand Master Bowmen of the East. Or, four arrows fretted points to chief within an annulet sable.

We cannot, in good conscience, register a title reserved by Corpora to peers to any non-peerage group, no matter in what form they propose to use it. It may be that there are guilds which use some form of "guildmaster", "master armorer", etc. These ranks are not registered, nor can they be, unless and until the Board of Directors changes the titles of rank of the peerages. The badge conflicts with a badge of the West Kingdom, Or, four arrows fretted sable, barbed gules. This conflict was known when the LoI was sent to the College, and was included "on spec", in the hopes that a letter of permission could be obtained before the Laurel meeting. This is poor procedure, and should not be done. Obtain the letter of permission first. 7/90

Ebonhawke, College of. Name and badge. Sable, a hawk's head and a bordure embattled Or.

The name does not appear to be constructed in any reasonable Period manner. Ekwall does not appear to have any uses with hawk as a second element, nor could any of the commenters discover one. The word ebon does not appear to be used in any save a most literal sense (relating to ebony) until the very last of the 16th Century. We need some documentation that this is formed on a period pattern before we may register it. The badge conflicts with the arms of von Almbeck (Seibmacher, p. 157), Sable, an eagle's head couped Or. There is only one CD for the addition of the bordure. 05/92

Edelgard Erzsébet von Württemberg. Badge. [Fieldless] Between the peaks of a mountain of two peaks vert issuant from park pales gules a hurst of trees proper leaved gules.

While much of the discussion of this badge in the commentary centered on its style, it does appear to be an acceptable late-period style. However, its real problems are those of contrast and identifiability. The picket fence and the majority of the trees do not contrast well with the mountain, making identifiability a problem. 04/91

Edmund DeLaHoussaie. Device. Sable, a bend sinister Or between a leopard's head erased to sinister and a sprig of two holly leaves argent.

Conflict with Hermann Otto Koehlerman, Sable, a bend sinister Or. There is one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 11/91

Edmund Godric Scrymgeour. Device. Quarterly azure and argent, maily counterchanged.

Conflict with Boyneburg (Reitstap), Quarterly azure and argent. There is one CD for the addition of the field treatment. 05/92

Edouard d'Aubigny. Device. Chevronelly inverted azure and Or, a harp gules.

Conflict with Everest (Papworth, p. 908), Argent, a harp gules. There is only one CVD, for the changes to the field. See RfS, X.4.a. 11/90

Eduard de la Vert. Name.

The article does not match in gender with the noun; the name should be Eduard du Vert. However, as the submitter permitted no changes at all, the name could not be registered. 01/91

Eduard de le Vert. Name change from holding name of Eduard Vert.

The LoI appeared to say that the client had documented "de le Vert" as an Old French form. However, the handwritten documentation, though showing the use of "de le" and "de la" with several other nouns, presented no documentation that the form "de le Vert" is indeed correct grammar. While the LoI stated that the client would consent to "du Vert", the forms were not marked so as to allow any changes. Hence, we are having to return the name. 08/91

Edward Darkslade. Device. Argent, on a pile inverted throughout vert, between two pine trees proper, a sai argent.

Conflict with Phillip of Ghent, Per chevron argent and vert, two fir trees eradicated and a hawk stooping counterchanged. There is one CD for changing the type of the basemost charge. No evidence was presented that a sai is a period artifact, and it is likely that it is a post-period artifact. 12/91

Edward de Wolfe. Device. Azure, a wolf rampant maintaining in its sinister forepaw a battle axe between in cross four roses and in saltire four crescents Or.

Conflict with Donne (Papworth, p. 98), Azure, a wolf salient Or. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondary charges. Additionally, submissions with annulets or orles of alternating charges have been returned in the past as not being Period style. 08/91

Edward Godfre de Montaign of Huntington. Badge. Or, a thunderbolt within a bordure gules charged with a lightning flash in annulo Or.

While it is tempting to state that lightning flashes (also known colloquially as "shazams") have been banned so long that "the origins of this precedent are lost in the mists of antiquity", they were in fact banned first by Master Wilhelm von Schlüssel in his LoAR of August 1983, p. 6 (which is certainly before the current Laurel's time). Please recommend to the submitter the heraldic lightning bolt, an embattled line with a barb at both ends. 8/90

Eikdal, Shire of. Name and device. Gules, a longhouse between in pale two laurel wreaths argent.

The Administrative Handbook, General Procedures for Submission C.5 requires evidence of support for submissions involving the name or armory of an active branch from a majority of the active members of the branch. No such evidence of support was enclosed with this submission. No documentation has been presented that this rendition of a "longhouse" is either standard or the most common form. Some documentation on the form of Viking longhouses was presented by Lord Batonvert. This submission does not match any of the versions in that documentation. 9/91

Einhard of the White Winds. Blazon correction. Azure, a fox rampant guardant within an orle of snowflakes and on a chief argent, a flamberge fesswise azure.

This was registered in June of 1990, just before the changover of office. Apparently the forms were not filed and their current location is unknown. If Lord Vesper would make copies of the forms in Einhard's file for Laurel, we will be more than happy to process this correction. 11/91

Einrich Armpittsbaine. Name and badge for Rolling Thunder. [Fieldless] An annlet indented arrondi Or.

(No form was included for the name appeal in the Laurel packet.) That the natural phenomenon of "a long drawn-out thunderclap" existed in period has never been an issue in previous returns of this name; the modern connotations of the name have been. The OED does not cite instances of "roll" with either drums or thunder until well after period (1688 and 1700, respectively). The name is not period style but is obtrusively modern. While removing the field from the previous badge submission removes the visual conflict with Kourost Bernard of the East Woods, Sable, a sun eclipsed Or, the stylistic problems for which it was previously returned remain. This is not an "annulet indented arrondi", it is a modern lightning flash ("shazam") in annulo. Lightning flashes have been disallowed for years now. Would the submitter consider a wheel charged with a period thunderbolt? 04/91

Eirene Eolande of Mytelene. Name and device. Vert, on a pall inverted Or, between three doves migrant to base, each bearing an olive branch in its beak, argent, three cubit arms hands to center, proper.

No documentation was presented for Eolande. As for the device, hands proper have long been treated in the SCA as a light tincture and thus may not be placed on Or or argent. 10/91

Eirik Halfdanarson. Device. Argent, a drakkar sailing to sinister proper, sailed gules, and three points azure.

Conflict with Echlin (Papworth p. 1088), Argent, a galley proper. There is a CVD for the addition of the points only. (There was some question in the commentary as to whether the use of three points is acceptable period style. The clear conflict saved Lord Laurel from having to rule on this issue, but it does appear to be a valid question. Opinions, anyone?) 7/91

Eirik Hrafnsson. Device. Or, on a sun gules eclipsed Or a raven volant to sinister sable.

Conflict with Hayes (Papworth, p. 1100) Or, a sun gules. There is one CD for the changes in the center of the sun. Additionally, we have not registered a sun eclipsed of the field since 1985, and it is questionable whether we want to start again now. 11/91

Eirik Ising Steingrim. Device. Azure, on a bend engrailed between a cross formy fitched at the foot and a compass star Or, three lozenges gules.

Conflict with Gell (Papworth, p. 278), Azure, on a bend engrailed between two lions heads erased Or, three cinquefoils gules. There is one CD for change to the type of secondaries, but nothing for the change of type only to the tertiaries. 11/91

Eirik Ising Steingrim. Device. Azure, on a bend between a cross formy fitched at the foot and a compass star Or, three lozenges sable.

Conflict with Nele (Papworth, p. 250), Azure, on a bend Or three lozenges sable. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 01/91

Elaine Compton of Wyngates. Device. Sable, a fleur-de-lys and on a chief Or three Tudor roses barbed vert.

The Tudor rose ("a rose argent and a rose gules, combined") is a prohibited charge as noted in the Glossary of Terms issued April 8, 1986, and may not be registered in the SCA. This prohibition has been in effect since at least 1976. 6/92

Elayna Lilley. Device. Per bend sinister gules and vairy Or and gules, in dexter chief a fleur-de-lys Or.

Conflict with Metham (Papworth, p. 846), Quarterly azure and argent, in the first quarter a fleur-de-lys Or. There is one CD for the change to the field. Conflict also with the badge of Henry VII, Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, and James III of Scotland, A fleur-de-lys. There is one CD for fielded versus fielded, but nothing else for tincture or change of position on the field. 6/92

Eldr Fredrickson. Device. Sable, a narwhale uriant in annulo, tail looped in chief, within a bordure engrailed Or.

No evidence has been found that the name has been submitted or registered previously. Thus this cannot be a resubmission at the Laurel level, and needs to be made with a name submission and the appropriate submission fees. 04/91

Eleanor of Hathersage. Device. Per chevron inverted Or and purpure, three arrows inverted counterchanged.

The field is neither per chevron inverted, a pile, nor a chief triangular. As such it is not registerable. If the client would redraw with a properly per chevron inverted field (with the field division issuing from the sides of the shield) or with a properly drawn pile, we would be happy to consider this. 3/92

Elena Anne of Lostwithiel. Device. Per pall inverted vert, argent and purpure, in chief two chevronels counterchanged and in base a rose between four crescents in cross argent.

Despite a rule of thumb "complexity count" of "only" six (with three types of charge and three tinctures), this device is extremely complex. It does not appear to follow any period style of armory that any of the commenters could find. The counterchanging in chief, along with the unusual field division, places it beyond acceptable style. 3/92

Eleonora van den Bogaerde. Device. Gules, on a bezant a panther passant dexter facing sable, spotted of various tinctures and incensed proper, a chief erminois.

Conflict with Leofua of Thornridge, Gules on a bezant a leopard leaping bendwise sinister, head to base sable. There is one CD for the addition of the chief but the change of posture only of the feline is insufficient for a second. (It was suggested at the Laurel meeting that she could clear this by making the roundel erminois [if she didn't mind having a cat on a furball].) 6/92

Eleonora Vittoria Alberti di Calabria. Device change. Per saltire paly Or and purpure, and argent, in fess two falcons close sable.

Conflict with Corbet (Papworth, p. 30), Or, two ravens in fess proper. There is only one CVD, for the field. While evidence was presented that period heralds counted difference between falcons and ravens, visually they are just too similar. (As a matter of fact, many of those attending the Laurel meeting assumed that the birds were ravens until told the blazon.) See an expanded discussion of this issue in the Cover Letter accompanying this LoAR. 06/91

Elfreda Thorirsdottir. Name.

The genitive form of Thorir is Thoris, so the patronymic should properly be Thorisdottir. Since the submitter allowed no changes whatsoever, we have to return this. 08/91

Elfsea, Barony of. Badge. [Fieldless] A portcullis argent interlaced in bend by a spear azure.

Conflict with Wingates (Papworth, p. 1033), Sable, a portcullis argent. There is a CVD for fieldlessness, but the spear here is much more akin to a maintained charge than a true tertiary, and so does not contribute to the necessary second CVD. 9/90

Elfsea, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Keystone of Elfsea. On a crenelated keystone azure two bars wavy Or.

There was a serious problem with identifiability of the "keystone". While it may be possible to crenelate the chiefmost edge of a keystone, the submitters would be well advised to use a standard heraldic keystone. 12/90

Elfsea, Barony of. Name for Order of the Keystone of Elfsea.

Conflict with Æthelmearc's Order of the Keystone. Addition of the locative is insufficient. 10/90

Eliada of Thun. Device. Azure, a fess wreathed Or between a sunburst and a lotus blossom in profile argent.

There is precedent disallowing wreathing of single tincture. Were this the only problem with this submission, we would simply call the fess invected and register it without comment on the "diapering". However, the use of two different but visually similar secondaries creates serious identifiability problems. [While Laurel has tried very hard to avoid application of the informal "Rule of Two Weirdnesses" during his tenure, this proposal appears to have run into it.] Either making the secondary charges identical (the preferred choice) or clearly different would considerably ease the problem. 02/92

Elina of Beckenham. Device. Gules, beneath a county coronet, a griffin segreant maintaining in its sinister claw a garden rose, in dexter canton a raven, wings elevated and displayed, Or.

Withdrawn by submitter. 08/91

Elizabeth Mills. Device. Argent, a Celtic cross sable entwined by a serpent Or.

Conflict with Anwicke (Woodward), Argent, a holy cross sable. There is CVD for the type of cross, but the majority of the commenters felt that the snake was effectively a maintained charge. Were the submitter to place the snake entirely on the cross rather than wrapped around it (incidentally improving the identifiabily of both charges), this would be clear. 10/91

Elizabeth of Rosewood. Device. Azure, on a bend wavy cotised argent, three roses proper.

Conflict with Caines (Papworth, p. 204), Azure, a bend wavy between two cotises argent. There is only one CVD for the addition of the tertiaries. It should be noted that cotises follow the line of the ordinary they flank by default. When they do not (for example, a fess wavy cotised plain), it must be specifically blazoned. 08/91

Elizabeth of Yorkshire. Name.

Conflict with Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII, Queen of England. Addition of the designator "shire" is not sufficient. 11/91

Elizabeth Scott of Berwick and Jonas Aquilian. Badge. [Fieldless] A double rose argent and sable.

Visual conflict with the Tudor rose, A double rose argent and gules. While there is just enough technical difference, with one CVD for fieldlessness and another for changing half the tincture of the combined charge, the overwhelming visual similarity to this very famous badge is just too much. 9/90

Elizabeth Unwyn. Device. Or, vetú gules, a bear sejant affronty sable.

Given that this proposal may also be blazoned "Gules, on a lozenge throughout a bear sejant affronty sable", this conflicts with Brocke (Papworth, p. 966), Gules, on a lozenge Or a chevron azure. There is one CD for the changes to the tertiary charge. 12/91

Elizabeth Winter of White Forest. Badge. Pean, in pale a compass star and a lion couchant Or.

Conflict with Rolf the Relentless, Pean, a compass star fitchy of eight Or. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the lion. 7/90

Ellisif Arngunnardottir. Device. Or two ravens close respectant sable grasping a crescent gules within an orle sable.

The drawing style of the "ravens" makes them unidentifiable as such. No blazon that we could of would reproduce the emblazon. If the client would consider resubmitting using standard heraldic ravens... 08/91

Eloise of Coulter. Badge. [Fieldless] A catamount sejant guardant proper grasping in its forepaws a thistle proper and in its mouth a feather Or.

Conflict with McGillivrary (Lyon II, p. 51), Or, a catamountant sejant guardant proper, his dexter forepaw on the ground and his sinister forpaw in a guardant posture and his tail reflexed under his sinister paw. There is one CVD for fieldlessness but nothing for the minor changes in posture or the small maintained charges. 10/91

Elric ap Madog. Badge. [Fieldless] A sword fesswise sable.

Conflict with Magnus Boskin, Argent vetu ployé, a sword fesswise sable. There is only one CD for fieldlessness. 4/92

Elric Stormcrow. Name change from Adelric the Hawk.

No justification or period precedent was included in the documentation for combining two surnames in this manner. (Smith and Jones appear in Reaney's Dictionary of British Surnames, too, but we would not then register Jonesmith.) 3/92

Elrik of Sutherland. Device. Sable, two men mounted on horses passant addorsed argent, and a flame issuant from base proper.

Although the LOI noted the submitter has been advised to draw more yellow in flame, this is effectively a "base rayonny gules, fimbriated Or". Similar charges tinctured in this fashion have been returned in the past. If he wishes to redraw it with a real base of flames (gules with yellow throughout as well as along the edges of the rayonny) we will be happy to reconsider this proposal. 9/91

Elrik Skap-Vargr. Badge. [Fieldless] A roundel between three caltrops in pall, bases to center, sable.

The appeal of the prior return of this badge was based on two arguments: that other badges of similar style to this one have been registered in the past year, and that the submitter was penalized by having his badge returned when it was the submission which prompted the re-evaluation or interpretation of the Rules.

To address the first: Of the nine badges registered which were noted in the LoI, two had all of the charges conjoined in some fashion, and four had a charge completely "framed" by another charge ("within a torse" for example, or within charges conjoined in annulo). Of the three left, two consisted of a charge within eight and five charges in annulo, respectively, which hold together much better visually than a charge between three other charges. (The remaining example cited in the LoI, I have to admit, is poor enough style that it probably should not have been registered.) This seriously weaken the case that this particular submission is acceptable style to the point of non-support.

The second issue, the "Ting MacPhee ruling", patently does not apply here. This submission did not "prompt a re-evaluation of the rules, or the interpretation of the rules". If the Ting MacPhee ruling were to be applied at all on this issue (I do not believe that it should: commentary in letters of comment had been calling for a tightening of style standards for fieldless badges for some months before we began applying stricter standards, and disjointedness contributed to the return of a number of badges in June, July and August 1990) it should be with the badge for the Equestrian Guild of the Outlands at the October Laurel meeting. 04/91

Elrik Skap-Vargr. Badge. [Fieldless] A roundel between three caltrops in pall, bases to center, sable.

This arrangement of dissimilar, unconnected charges does not form a "self-contained design" as required by RfS VIII.5. 11/90

Elspeth Bibury. Device. Purpure, on a cross quarter-pierced argent four lilies pendant checky purpure and argent slipped and leaved vert.

The identifiability of the flowers is severely hampered by the checky treatment of the blossoms. (See RfS VIII.3. Armorial Identifiability.) 4/92

Elspeth nic Chormaic. Device. Argent, fretty azure, two natural seahorses addorsed gules.

Conflict with Aullier (Papworth, p. 882), Argent, fretty azure. There is one CD for the addition of the overall charges. 12/91

Elspeth of Harilow. Device. Or, a unicorn's head erased sable between two flaunches vert, overall an annulet counterchanged and four heartease in cross proper. (Viola tricolor)

This is four layers (field, flaunch, annulet, and flowers), two of the flowers are color on color, the annulet/flower combination resembles a chaplet of roses (a restricted charge), and there is a long-standing precedent against surmounting flaunches. 02/91

Elwin Dearborn. Device. Azure, three piles in point sable, fimbriated, the center charged in chief with a decrescent argent.

The Rules for Submission (X.3) limit fimbriation to simple geometric charges placed in the center of the field. The use of fimbriation here (of multiple charges) appears a little excessive. On future submissions, please have the submitter draw the piles properly -- all issuant from the chief (not the corners) and extending nearly to the base point of the shield. 02/91

Elwyn Halfmoon. Name.

The documentation for the byname is not convincing. All of the cited examples referred to pieces of land, and the moon is not something that one may own half of. 01/92

Elzbieta od Siedleczki. Name.

The form of locative submitted is masculine. The name should be either Elzbieta Siedleczka or Elzbieta a Siedlce. Since the submitter allowed no changes, we were forced to return the name. 05/91

Emeric of Pevensey. Device. Gyronny of six gules and sable, on a chevron cotissed argent three martlets sable collared Or.

Gyronny of two colors (or two metals) is not permitted under the Rules for Submission. 01/91

Eoghan O'Niall. Device. Azure, a shamrock and thistle flower slipped, entwined and eradicated argent.

Conflict with Olwen of Buckland, Azure, a trefoil stalked argent, and with the British Ninth Division, (Military Ordinary #689), Azure, a thistle slipped an leaved argent. In each case there is one CD for the addition of the second plant. 3/92

Eoghan óg Niall. Name.

Aural conflict with Eoghan O'Neill. 4/92

Eric Alard. Device. Azure, on a bend argent, between a mullet of four points pierced Or, and three rustres argent, a sword azure.

Conflict with U.S. 405th Infantry Regiment (Military Ordinary, No. 231), Azure, a bend argent voided. There is a CVD for the addition of the secondaries but nothing for the change to type only of the tertiaries. Revised X.4.j.2(b) only applies with identical secondaries. 9/91

Eric Alard. Name and device. Azure, a bend argent between a mullet of four points Or, pierced, and three rustres argent.

Conflict with Benton (Papworth, p. 184), Azure, a bend argent. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. 11/90

Eric Blackmoor. Device. Sable, a mullet argent charged with another inverted throughout sable and in base an astrolabe Or.

The "mullet-mullet inverted throughout" combination looks modern, and is not really period style. (See VIII.4.d) 02/91

Eric Foxworthy. Badge. [Fieldless] A fox mortant (courant/statant inverted) contourny, on its forepaw a raven proper.

The fox is in a non-heraldic position, one which has been returned before in the LoARs of 14 April 1985, p. 9 and 7 July 1986, p. 17 and one which no one of us could blazon without resorting to, as Lord Trefoil pointed out, IPOC blazon terms. This we are extremely reluctant to do. While the submitted term "in his deception" was very tempting, Laurel does not feel that a term which requires a special knowledge of SCA blazonry not already in current common usage in the College is a good idea. (Laurel, like Master Baldwin before him, would like to "name a cross", as it were. This isn't it.) [Irreverent comment from the Laurel meeting: "This is the fist time I've ever seen a persona story for a badge."] 11/90

Ericus the Silverhand. Device. Sable, a fess argent, overall a Heneage knot counterchanged.

Blazoned in the LoI as "Sable, a Heneage knot argent and overall a fess counterchanged", an ordinary, when present, is normally considered the primary charge and should be blazoned first. Blazoned this way, it is much clearer that this is in conflict with Beancastle (Papworth, p. 708), Sable a fess argent, as noted in the LoI. In previous cases where a piece of armory could legitimately be blazoned in either of two ways, if either blazon had a conflict, the submission was returned. 3/91

Ericus the Silverhand. Name and badge for House Bladesong. [Fieldless] Two cup-hilted rapiers inverted in saltire and overall an Irish harp Or.

No evidence was presented that the household name is formed in a period manner or follows period naming practices, and none of the commenters noted such a pattern in period. Although the charges were all blazoned as Or in the LOI, the client's forms have them as argent. We are returning this for clarification from the submitting herald. 11/91

Erlend MacLeod. Device. Gules, five eagles' heads erased in saltire Or.

Conflict with Rion, Gules, three griffins' heads erased Or. There is only one CVD for number of charges. This is clear from Fenton, cited by several commenters, Vert, six falcons' heads erased Or, with one CVD for the field tincture and another for the arrangement of the charges (in saltire vs. three, two and one). 7/90

Erling Herjolfsson. Device. Azure, a drinking horn palewise contourny Or.

Conflict with Hartshorn-Dale, Azure, an unstrung bugle horn bendwise sinister Or. There is a CVD for the orientation of the horn, but the slight change to type is insufficient for the second. Conflict also with Pfahler Siebmacher (Plate 81), Azure a straight trumpet palewise Or. There is a CVD for type of horn, but there is not enough difference between the two for X.2. 7/91

Estrella de La Trinité. Device. Per fess wavy sable mullety argent and azure, a swan naiant Or.

In a precedent set by Mistress Alisoun in the LoAR of October 26 1986, she stated that a party field tinctured either all dark or all light may use a complex line of partition if "no charge shall significantly obscure the line of division." The swan here significantly obscures the extremely low contrast line of division of the field, making identifiability of the line as "wavy" nearly impossible. 10/91

Estril Swet. Device. Paly bendy purpure and argent ermined azure.

Conflict with Sydenham (Papworth, p. 1019), Paly bendy argent and gules. There is only one CVD here for the change to the tincture(s) of the field. One more change (to field division, complex line, or field treatment) is needed. (Furs are treated as a single tincture: ermine, not argent semy of ermine spots sable. 01/91

Etain McConnell. Change of blazon. Argent, in fess a catamount sejant guardant sable and a cross crosslet fitchy gules, its lower arm entwined by the catamount's tail, all within a bordure azure.

Requested change from the registered Argent, in fess a domestic cat sejant guardant sable and a cross crosslet fitchy gules, its lower arm entwined by the cat's tail, all within a bordure azure. The emblazon in the files clearly shows a domestic cat. 11/90

Etienne d'Avignon. Device. Sable, an eagle displayed, on a chief argent a rose between two fleurs-de-lys purpure.

Conflict with Bridgewater (Papworth, p. 308), Sable, an eagle displayed and a chief argent. There is only one CD for the addition of the tertiaries. 4/92

Etienne de Navarre. Name.

Conflict with Etienne Navarre from the book and movie Ladyhawke. Addition of the particle "de" is not sufficient difference. 06/91

Etienne Pèlerin du Fauçoneau. Badge. [Fieldless] A flame azure.

Conflict with the logo of numerous natural gas distribution companies in the United States and Canada, [Fieldless] A flame azure. 6/92

Evadne Wracusmith. Name.

No documentation was provided to demonstrate that "Revenge-Smith" follows period name practices for the period or that it makes or would have made sense to the Anglo-Saxons. This sort of "mix and match" combining of words (rather than name elements) needs support before we can register it. 11/91

Evan Garrett. Device. Per bend sinister gules and vert, an owl displayed, wings fesswise, argent.

Conflict with Muhrenah Vasilianovna Romanovich (SCA), Per pale ermine and counter-ermine, a barn owl (Tyto alba) striking affronty proper. There is a CVD for the field, but the owl in Muhrenah's device is substantially argent with some very light brown (tan) markings, and hence nearly indistinguishable from Evan's owl. 04/91

Fabian Steinwolf. Device. Sable, a winged hammer argent.

Conflict with Tubal-Cain (Fabulous Heraldry, 585), Sable, a hammer argent crowned Or. There is a CVD for the addition of the wings, but deletion of the small crown is insufficient for the second. 7/91

Faelan O Dalaigh. Badge. Counter-ermine, a shamrock vert fimbriated argent.

A shamrock is too complex a charge to fimbriate. This also conflicts with Myles of the Shamrock, Argent, a shamrock vert. There is one CD for the field, but nothing for the fimbriation. 11/91

Fayrouze bin Numair al-Kadar. Name.

The documentation for the name was extremely weak. The Melting Pot Book of Baby Names does not appear to be the kind of source that we should use in the SCA for documenting Period names or name elements. Lord Laurel was only able to find Fayruz in one other (modern) source. No one else, including Lord Laurel, was able to find either Numair or al-Kadar, with the possible exception of "al-Qaadir", an attribute of Allah. This last is not acceptable in this form as part of a name. ("'Abd al-Qaadir", "servant of the Omnipotent") would be the standard form. 9/91

Feargus MacBruce. Device. Or, on a saltire azure three mullets between the horns of a decrescent Or, on a chief azure, three thistles Or.

There are problems with this device. One is the non-heraldic arrangement of the tertiaries on the saltire, which is not period style. A second is the combination of the surname Bruce with a variant of the arms of Brus (Papworth, p. 1063), Or, a saltire and a chief azure. (While there is adequate technical difference, all of the difference comes from the addition of tertiaries; combined with the name, this is problematical.) And there is conflict with Cooper (Papworth, p. 1065), Or, a saltire azure, on a chief of the second three leopards heads guardant, couped of the first, spotted sable, and ducally crowned argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the tertiaries to the saltire, but nothing for change of type only of the tertiaries on the chief. 8/90

Feargus MacBruce. Device. Or, a saltire between a decrescent and three mullets, on a chief azure, three thistles Or.

Conflict with Cooper (Papworth, p. 1065), Or, a saltire azure, on a chief of the second three leopards heads couped of the first spotted sable, ducally crowned argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries, but X.4.j.ii does not apply to changing the type of charges on the chief in armory this complex, and the sable spots and crowns are not sufficient to grant the second necessary CVD. 10/91

Fergus MacDair. Device. Argent, three acorns, slips conjoined in a triskelion vert.

Conflict with Aikenhead of that Ilk (Papworth, p. 888), Argent, three acorns vert. There is only one CVD, for the arrangement in a triskelion. 8/90

Fergus of Kilkerran. Device. Sable, a unicorn argent and a dragon Or combattant, tails entwined to base.

Conflict with Ulrik Grimmhold (SCA), Sable, a dragon rampant guardant, wings addorsed, clutching a sledge-hammer Or. With no difference for either head posture or the held charge, there is only one CVD for the addition of the unicorn. 01/91

Finn Einarsson. Device. Vert, two pegasi forcené addorsed, tails each nowed, argent.

The use of forceny has been disallowed since May, 1980, because it is an ambiguous term. Please make them either rampant or salient. There is also a conflict with Arianwen of Urquart (SCA), Vert, a horned pegasus salient argent, armed and unguled azure. There is one CVD, for changing the number of charges. 8/90

Finula McCaul. Name.

Although submitted as Finula MacCaul, the submitter's forms used the above spelling, which is identical to the submitter's legal name. Per the Administrative Handbook, Protected Items I., this cannot be registered by the Society. 8/90

Fiona Mairi MacQuarie. (With Loren of Blackthorn) Name and badge for House Blackthorn Rose. [Fieldless] A rosebud azure, slipped and leaved sable, surmounted by a sword and a quill pen in saltire argent. 12/90

Fiona O'Mull. Badge for House Calon Draig. Or, a dragon-winged heart gules.

Conflict with Corti (Ordinary to Woodwards, p. 88), Or, a heart gules. There is one CVD only for the addition of the wings. 08/91

Fionna Goodburne. Badge. [Fieldless] A thistle purpure.

Conflict with the badge of Clan Stewart (Fox-Davies pg. 146), A thistle. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but nothing for tincture in this case. 02/92

Fionnuala nic Leoid. Device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, a thistle proper and a lion rampant argent all within a bordure triple-parted and fretted counterchanged.

Bordures cannot be parted and fretted in this manner. (Picture doing it on a roundel, for example, one way of displaying a device. Where would the fretting be?) 04/91

Fjarska Holt, Canton of. Device. Argent, a pall azure between two fir trees and in chief a laurel wreath vert.

Conflict with Thorgrim Steinarsonn (SCA), Argent, a pall azure between three pine trees couped proper all within a burdure azure. There is one CVD for removing the bordure. 7/91

Francesca di Monopoli. Device. Or, three martlets vert within a bodure compony vert and argent.

Conflict with Chaunceler (Papworth, p. 329), Or, three parroquets vert. There is one CD for the addition of the bordure but the differences between martlets and parroquets, which are more or less a generic bird, are two small to grant the necessary second. 05/92

Francesco Schiavone. Device. Argent, a sword bendwise sinister sable between a winged lion statant to sinister guardant gules and a wyvern erect azure.

Because the sword does not visually dominate the field, this exceeds the complexity limits of VIII.1.a. in using three different types of charge in what is visually the same "group". In the case of the device of Marina Rhianydd of Wakefield, which had a tree between two other charges, the tree visually dominated the field: it was unquestionably the primary charge, with the others as a group of secondaries. Here the charges all hold nearly equal visual "weight", so that they have the appearance of a single group of primaries. 04/91

Francis Canny. Device. Azure, fretty Or, in bend sinister an eagle displayed and a quatrefoil slipped argent.

Conflict with Curseyn (Papworth, p. 882), Azure, fretty Or. Since fretty has been shown to be a charge rather than a field treatment in period, X.1 does not apply. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the eagle and quatrefoil. 12/90

Frindik Kálmán Kisvárdaból. Name.

The correct form of the byname would appear to be Kisvárdai, but as the submitter allowed no changes and included no documentation for his chosen byname, we have had to the return the name as a whole. 7/91

Frozen Mountain, Shire of. Name and device. Per fess azure and vert, upon a dance argent a Kokanee salmon naiant gules, detailed sable, in base a laurel wreath Or.

The name conflicts with the already registered Mountain Confederation. Per V.2, addition of the adjective is not enough difference. No conflicts were found for the device. 02/91

Fucha the Fungus. Name.

The epithet is not a period one, or formed following period examples ("the Mushroom"?). Taken on its face, it is also a claim to non-human status. 01/91

Fuyuzuru Tadashi. Name change from Thaid mak Tlesown and device change. Gules, the Ganji character for mountain within an annulet Or.

The submitter's name was changed from Thaid mak Tlesown to Fuyuzuru Tadashi at the Laurel meeting in February 1985. Because we were forced to the conclusion that mundane mon must be treated as tinctureless, this is an exact conflict with Yamamoto (Hawley 91), The character for 'yama' within an annulet. Per X.4.d., no difference can be granted on the basis of tincture against tinctureless armory, and that is the only difference here. 3/91

Gabrielle Honorée de Saint Pierre. Device. Azure, three chevronels braced, flory at the points, and in chief two wyverns passant addorsed Or.

Conflict with FitzHugh, cited in the LoI, Azure, three chevrons interlaced Or. There is a CVD for the addition of the secondaries in chief, but the addition of the three fleurs to the points of the chevronels, being visually equivalent to "held" charges, is insufficient for the second. 02/91

Gabrielle van Nijenrode. Device. Gules, a fess bretessed between in chief three gouttes and in base an ampulla Or.

None of the commenters found the "ampulla" or "bottle" to be recognizable as such. (It is similar to but different from the "ampulla" given in the PicDic.) As a consequence it does not meet the reconstruction requirement of RfS VII.7.b. 12/91

Gabrielle van Nijenrode. Device. Gules, a fess bretessed Or between three jasmine blossoms and a perfume bottle argent.

Even by the submitter's own documentation, the variety of shapes of perfume bottles in period is so great as to make reproduction of this emblazon unlikely. 10/90

Gaiseric Allison. Device. Vert, a bend sinister argent between a garb Or and a raven contourny sable, enflamed Or.

Conflict with Tav Alandil (SCA), Vert, a bend sinister argent between a hawk close and a lighting bolt, both Or. There is one CVD for the change to the type of the secondaries, but the change of tincture to what is effectiely 1/4 of the secondaries is insufficient for the second. There was also some concern that the enflaming of the raven might be considered complex fimbriation. (Laurel has some qualms about it, but isn't sure that it's enough cause in itself for return.) 3/91

Galen MacDonald. Device. Azure, a chevron throughout argent, overall a mullet of four greater and eight lesser points counterchanged, and in chief two mullets of three points argent.

Similar designs involving a mullet, not overall, but covering a chevron and the lower portion of the field only as this one does have been returned by previous Laurels. This arrangement is not Period style. Additionally, counterchanging complex charges over an ordinary has been cause for return at times in the past. Were the mullet truly overall, that would very likely be the case here. 08/91

Galen of Shadowraven. Name.

Shadowraven does not make sense as a toponymic, as it is used here (though Reaney's Dictionary of Surnames does document "atte Raven"). 02/91

Galleron de la Chenille. Device change. Azure, three bill heads Or.

Visual conflict with Edward Plantagenet (Papworth, p. 699), Sable, three ostrich feathers Or. There is one CVD for the tincture of the field, but these bill heads look so much like ostrich plumes that we could not in good conscience give them the necessary CVD for type. (Some commenting heralds as well as those attending the Laurel meeting thought they were ostrich plumes until the blazon was read.) This is clear, however, of Hewetson (Papworth, p. 937), Azure, three plumes of ostrich feathers two and one argent. There is one CVD for the tincture of the charges, and another for type (well, not "type", exactly, but I didn't know exactly what else to call it. Number, maybe?) of charges. J.P. Brooke-Little, in his An Heraldic Alphabet (p. 166), notes that "a plume of feathers is a bunch of about five ostrich feathers". A bunch is not a single feather, and so there is a CVD here for type/number/whatever. 10/90

Gareth Cunedda. Device. Argent, on a pale sable between six roses gules, slipped, seeded and barbed vert, a sword proper, a bordure embattled counterchanged.

With four types of charge and five tinctures, not to mention the complex line of division and the counterchanging of the pale, this exceeds the rule of thumb for complexity as established in XIII.1.a. 9/91

Gareth Strengmakere. Device. Per pale embattled azure and argent, two arrows counterchanged.

Conflict with Meinward Wighelm, Per pale raguly azure and argent, two swords palewise counterchanged. While there is a CD between swords and arrows, Laurel cannot in good conscience apply RfS X.2 to them, and since no difference is granted between raguly and embattled, these are in conflict. 4/92

Garth Brandon. Name and device. Gules, on a pale between two spearheads argent a trefoil slipped vert and an ermine spot sable.

While this is technically clear of Charles of Saxony (SCA), Gules, on a pale between two swords inverted argent, a sea dragon erect gules, with a CVD for changing the type and orientation of the secondaries and another for changing the type, number and tincture of the tertiaries, visually all of the difference is in the tertiaries. This is partly because they look more like swords than spearheads. Placing two different charges in different tinctures on an ordinary is extremely poor style, and may be sufficient cause in and of itself for return. And the overall effect of this design really is "slot-machine" (as one commenter noted, it looks like the center wheel is still spinning!). 01/91

Gavin Malcoeur de Logres. Device. Lozengy argent and sable, on a cross gules an escallop inverted argent between four horseshoes Or.

Conflict with Hangrest (Papworth, p. 653), Argent, on a cross gules, five escallops Or. There is one CD for the field. However, the use of two types of tertiary charge complicates the device to the point that X.4.j.ii cannot in good conscience be applied here. If the submitter would consider changing the escallop to another horseshoe, this would be clear. 01/92

Genevieve de Montfort. Device. Argent, two flaunches checky vert and sable, in pale a heart and three mullets one and two gules.

Checky of two colors has not been permissible for quite some time. 7/90

Genevieve de Mowbray of Lion's Rest. Badge. [Fieldless] A torch enflamed sable.

Conflict with Barony of the Flaming Gryphon, Ermine a torch sable enflamed proper. There is one CD for the fieldlessness, but the flames do not "constitute half the charge" as stated in the LoI, so changing their tincture does not count for the second CD. 05/92

Genseric Tremayne. Badge. Azure ermined argent, two gauntlets grasping each other in chevron Or.

It is poor style to use two similar but non-identical charges in a single group. For example using a sword and two poinards in a sheaf, for example, has been cause for return in the past. The use of two different types of gauntlets is likewise impermissible. 7/91

Geoffrey Charles Bertrand Scrymger. Device. Sable, on a saltire between in fess a mask of comedy and a mask of tragedy addorsed in profile Or, two wheellock pistols in saltire sable.

Conflict with Theodric Pendar of Faulconwood (SCA), Sable, upon a saltire cotised Or two seaxes in saltire sable. There is a CVD for changing the type of secondaries (cotises to masks), but not another for the change to type only of the tertiaries. Additionally, there was some question regarding the identifiability of the masks in profile this way. This alone would probably not have been quite enough for return, but it should be mentioned to the submitter that masks in the normal (affronty) position would be better. 9/90

Geoffrey of Lincoln. Device. Argent, a saltire quarter-pierced vert, overall a cross crosslet within a mascle sable.

The very precise placement of the overall charges as well as their very thin line nature gives a very modern look to the entire device, bringing this afoul of RfS VIII.4.d, Modern Style. (If drawn to a proper size, however, the mascle and cross become cramped and hard to recognize, losing identifiability.) 4/92

Georg Schütz of the Green Mound. Device. Per pale lozengy couped in fess argent and gules, and lozengy couped in fess azure and argent.

Conflict with Brens (Papworth, p. 52), Barry of six argent, gules and azure. There is one CD for the change to field division, but there are no changes to tincture, line of partition (they are all straight), or treatment. There were some feelings that the per pale division gave the appearance of marshaled arms, a position with which Lord Laurel is somewhat sympathetic. There was also some feeling that this submission looked less like armory than like a quilt, a position with which Lord Laurel is also sympathetic. 11/91

George of Clan O'Caine. Name and badge for Gaesatae Wyndholme. Argent, a gurges gules, overall a spear sable.

Well, Wyndholme (English, not Norse as stated in the LoI) is fine. It seems unclear from the commentary whether the Gaesatae were a specific class of Celtic nobility or a specific tribe (noted primarily for the use of the spear and going naked into battle). Either way, it is not appropriate for registration. The badge conflicts with Chellery, Argent, a whirlpool gules, and with Carlotta Belfiore de Firenze, Argent, a gurges gules, overall a triskelion arrondi sable. Versus Chellery, there is only one CVD for the addition of the spear; versus Carlotta there is only one CVD for changing the type of overall charge. 7/90

George of Lancaster. Name and device. Sable, a bend dovetailed between a griffin and a rose Or.

The Administrative Handbook, Protected Items I., states that "to preserve the historic distinction between an individual's society identity and his or her identity outside the Society, no item will be registered to a submitter if it is identical to an item used by the submitter legally or in common use outside the Society." RfS V.2 notes that addition or removal of adjectives does not constitute difference. Thus, the submitted name is effectively identical to the submitters use name outside the Society, George Lancaster. The device conflicts with Piers (Papworth, p. 218), Sable, a bend raguly between two unicorns heads erased Or. There is one CVD for the change of type of the secondaries; none for the difference between dovetailed and raguly. 9/91

George Slade. Device. Per chevron inverted azure and argent, in base a bar sable and overall a Caucasian chestnut centaur forceny proper, helmed Corinthian argent, maintaining in both hands a battleaxe argent hafted proper.

The biggest problem here is the partial overlaying of the primary charge on the bar. Medieval armory does not show perspective in this fashion. For only two charges, the device uses a lot of tinctures. (This is right at the limits of the rule of thumb for complexity with a charge type and tincture count of eight.) The position forceny has been disallowed for many years. The combination of all the problems of style and complexity is simply too much. 4/92

Geraldine of Glaummour. Name and badge for House Glammour. [Fieldless] Two sprays of ripe barleycorn and fructed olive proper surmounted by a goblet azure.

The household name does not make linguistic sense ("House Magical Beauty"?) Nearly every commenter found the wreath of barleycorn and olive to be too much like the required laurel wreath for branch arms. Additionally, combining two different types of charge into a single visual unit, as is done here with the barleycorn and olive, is visually confusing and poor practice. 4/92

Geraldine of Glaummour. Name and device. Or, a cornucopia fluent between two sprays of ripe barleycorn and fructed olive all proper, in base a goblet azure.

As noted in the LoI, Glammour (also spelled Glaummour) means magical or fictitious beauty. This is not something one can be "of", and a number of commenters felt it to be a claim to magical powers. Of the (at least) four types of charges on the device, only one is not proper. The wreath of barleycorn and olive has poor contrast, at least for the barleycorn portion, with the field, and nearly every commenter found it to be too much like the required laurel wreath for branch arms. Additionally, combining two different types of charge into a single visual unit, as is done here with the barleycorn and olives, is visually confusing and poor practice. The result of all these problems is make the submission unregisterable. 4/92

Gerard de Langeleye. Device. Per bend ermine and Or, a ship of three masts in full sail azure.

Conflict with Galliot (Renesse, Volume 4, page 299), Or, a galleon azure. There is only one CD for the field. 4/92

Gerard FitzGerald. Device. Sable, a saltire dovetailed gyronny purpure and argent between four crescents argent.

There are two problems with this device. One is that the combination of a dovetailed line on a gyronny saltire is pretty clearly post-Period style. Even though the SCA has long allowed the use of dovetailed as compatible with our style, and has allowed the use of saltires gyronny, the combination seems obtrusively modern. (See RfS VIII.4.d.: "Generally modern style in the depiction of individual elements or the total design may not be registered.") The second problem is RfS VIII.3., Armorial Identifiability. The purpure portions of the saltire, with its complex line of division, fade so badly into the sable field that the identification of the primary charge is lost. 9/91

Gerberga of Ardennes. Device. Azure, a cinquefoil ermine pierced within on a bordure argent semy of mascles gules.

Conflict with Sir Rauff Astley (Foster, p. 5), Azure, a cinquefoil pierced ermine within a bordure argent. There is one CD only for the addition of the tertiaries. 4/92

Gherardo il Trincatore. Name for House Syrius.

Conflict with the very well known "dog star" Sirius, and with the nation of Syria ("Syrius" is Latin, pertaining to the nation or people of Syria). Both names are protected in the Administrative Handbook, Protected Items E, Names ... of Significant Geographical Locations Outside the Society. 10/91

Giacomo Datini da Venezia. Device. Barry wavy Or and gules, a swept-hilted rapier azure.

Conflict with Spalding (Papworth, p. 1102), Argent, a two-handed word in pale azure, Deucher (Papworth, p. 1102), Argent, a sword in pale azure, hilt and pommel Or, and Laurence of the Crystal Sword, Per chevron ployee argent and sable, a crystal sword azure, hilted Or, pommeled of a ruby proper. In each case there is only one CVD for the changes to the field. 10/90

Gianetta di Remigio Welser. Badge. [Fieldless] Three gouttes azure in pale, environed of a spider's web argent.

This badge has several problems. First of all, fieldless badges may not use a throughout charge, which is what the spiderweb is. Second, spiderwebs really do not have holes in the center. Third, the gouttes in the center make this a fieldless badge containing four disconnected charges. Fieldless badges containing disconnected charges are no longer allowed. 08/91

Giovanna di Piacensa. Device. Argent, semy of grape clusters purpure, on a bend sinister counterchanged three horns fesswise Or.

Counterchanging a semy over an ordinary is appears to be modern and not Period style. 02/92

Giovanna di Piacensa. Device. Argent, an enfield rampant bearing a cornucopia fluent of grapes purpure.

Because the most distinctive feature of the enfield, eagle's claws for forelegs, are completely lost against the cornucopia, there are a number of conflicts with various wolves and foxes, most notably: Fuchs (Woodward), Argent, a fox rampant gules, and Wood (Papworth, p. 98), Argent, a wolf salient sable collared Or. There is only one CVD, for the tincture of the beast. Conflict also with Deane, Papworth, p. 66), Argent, a lion rampant purpure, with one CVD for the type of beast. In all cases the cornucopia, as a held charge, is insufficient for a CVD. Please do not advise the submitter to draw the cornucopia proper: we could find no heraldic "proper" tincture for a cornucopia. 01/91

Giovanna Luigia di Milano. Badge. A dragon purpure.

Visual conflict with Megwyn of Goen Dwry (SCA), Argent, a unicorn headed dragon with lion's forepaws segreant purpure, armed and orbed Or tail to base entwined about a garb sable. There is a CVD for fieldlessness, but the garb is a small held charge, and the visual similarities of the dragon and Megwyn's monster (changes to head and forepaws only) are simply to great to call them clear. 01/91

Gisele Adelais Geirlaug Ulfsdottir. Device. Argent, a winged wolf salient holding a sword sable.

Conflict with Atwood (Papworth, p. 98), Argent, a wolf salient sable. There is only one CVD for adding the wings. 10/91

Glyn Rees. Name.

Conflict with Shire of Glynn Rhe. Also, Glyn appears to be a placename and a surname in period, but not a given name. We will need evidence of its use as a given name in period before we can register it. 7/91

Godfrey de Bolden. Device. Or, on a pile rayonny sable, three cups Or.

The primary charge is not really a pile, as piles do not issue from the corners of the shield. Please have the submitter narrow the pile in chief when he resubmits. Conflict as blazoned with Baiggendens (Papworth, p. 1024), Or, on a pile sable three estoiles of the field, and with Playne (Papworth, p. 1025), Or, on a pile sable three mullets Or. In each case there is a single CVD for the complex line of division of the pile, but nothing for changing the type only of the tertiaries. Conflict as emblazoned (Sable, chaussé rayonny, three cups Or) with Genor (Papworth, p. 677), Sable, three cups Or, with a single CVD for the change to the field. 10/90

Goldmund of Aragon. Device. Or, a fess enhanced sable, in base two lozenges in fess vert.

Conflict with Meurs (Papworth, p. 707), Or, a fess sable. There is only one CD for the addition of the secondary lozenges. With the addition of charges only in base, a fess would normally be drawn enhanced slightly to allow the secondary group sufficient visual "space" in base. 4/92

Gregor of Caer Darth. Device. Sable, a dance, and in base four roundels in cross argent.

Conflict with Schanser, Sable a fess dancetty argent, as cited in the LoI. The addition of the roundels in base is one CD but the enhancement of the primary is within the range of what would normally happen to a fess with charges only in base. 05/92

Gregory of York. Name for Iron Brigade.

While it has been a good number of years since Laurel has read much about the American Civil War, he recognized the name of this very well known fighting unit without even having to look it up. Reason for return is conflict with the Second Brigade of the First Division. 06/91

Grethfurth of Tavasalama. Device. Sable, a bend sinister argent surmounted by a wolf's head affronty cabossed maintaining in its mouth an arrow fesswise reversed counterchanged, a bordure compony argent and sable.

The device was withdrawn in the May 8, 1991 letter from Lady Triton. 7/91

Grifphon Shadow, Canton of. Device. Per pale argent and sable, two griffins combattant counterchanged, the dexter maintaining a garden rose gules slipped and leaved vert and the sinister a sword inverted proper, in base a laurel wreath counterchanged.

This device has several problems, the laurel wreath is almost lost in base. It needs to be "prominent part" of the design. (Drawing it two to three times larger should be sufficient.) The device technically exceeds the complexity count in the rule of thumb in XIII.1.a, with four types of charge and five tinctures, for a complexity charge of nine. Having the griffins holding, in the words of Lord Green Anchor, "assorted doobusses" is not good style. Additionally the large emblazon sent to Laurel appears to have been colored in almost entirely in pencil, making the "argent portions" light grey and the "sable portions" dark grey. [Might we suggest the judicious use of a book like Fox Davies and a Xerox machine for drawing the various charges?] 11/91

Gryffn ap Myrddin. Name.

Aural conflict with the already registered Tryffin ap Myrddin. There seems to be no justification for dropping the second vowel in Gryffin; it does not appear that this would be done in Welsh. 02/91

Guillaume de la Vallee de l'Ouest du Lac Salé. Device. Gyronny azure and Or, an oak tree eradicated proper.

Conflict with O'Connor (Papworth, p. 1112), Argent, an oak tree erased proper, Perton (Papworth, p. 1113), Or, a pear tree vert fructed proper, and with Isadora of Orange Wood, Ermine, chausse-ploye sable, an orange tree eradicated proper. In each case there is only one CVD, for the change to the field. 10/90

Guillaume du Lyon. Device. Azure, on a bend between two fleurs-de-lys Or, two lion's heads erased palewise gules.

Conflicts with William of Carrington (SCA), Azure, on a bend between two griffins segreant Or, two suns gules and with Nolan (Papworth, p. 275), Azure, on a bend between two fleurs-de-lys Or, a lion passant guardant gules, holding in the forepaw a fleur-de-lys of the first. Versus William of Carrington there is only one CVD for the change of type of secondaries; versus Nolan, there is one CVD for the changes to the tertiaries. 11/90

Guimora Peverel of Scopasheall. Device. Or, on a lozenge sable, a cross of four lozenges Or.

Conflict with Custance (Papworth, p. 973), Or, a rustre sable. There is only one CVD, for the changes to the "tertiaries". 3/91

Gunnar Oxnamegin. Device. Sable, a bull courant affronty and on a chief rayonny Or a cross gules.

The primary is not in an heraldic position. The effect is of a bull charging out from the shield, which is a very modern style. If we might suggest the client consider "statant affronty"? 02/92

Gunnild of Cambion. Device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a broadarrow counterchanged within a bordure compony sable and argent.

The precedents disallowing compony bordures sharing a tincture with the field are all fairly clear, the discussion during the Rules revision seemed in general to support the ban, and most of the examples cited by Brigantia in support of this submission relate to royal armory and are few enough that they may probably be considered exceptions to the general rule. As stated by several of my predecessors, we try to follow the general rule, not the exception. The reasons for the original ban on compony bordures sharing a tincture with the field, viz., visual confusion, appear to be more compelling than the reasons for allowing such bordures. The ban on compony bordures sharing a tincture with the field stands. 8/90

Gunther der Wanderer. Device. Sable, a cross formy Or and in chief a sword fesswise enflamed proper.

Though blazoned on the LoI as a Maltese cross, the emblazon is that of a cross formy with triangular "notches" taken out of the ends of the arms. Conflict with Allen (Papworth, p. 621), Sable, a cross patty Or. There is one CVD for adding the charge in chief. 04/91

Gunther Halftroll. Device. Argent, a gurge azure, overall a troll vert, maned sable and langued gules.

Conflict with Gorges (Papworth, p. 1122), Argent, a gurges azure. There were additionally a number of questions about the reproducibility of the emblazon from the blazon as there are a number of artistic variants of trolls. 10/90

Gunther Halftroll. Device. Argent, a gurges azure, overall a troll vert, maned sable, langued gules, all within a bordure sable.

While this resubmission clears the original conflict, it does not address the issue also noted at the time of return regarding the reproducability of the emblazon from the blazon. This particular charge has been blazoned by mundane heralds two different ways, as both a troll and a devil, adding to the problem. Furthermore, it appears that the only instance of this charge in Volborth is post-Period, leaving us with the problem of its compatability with SCA heraldry. 06/91

Gunther von Waldherz. Device. Vert, a stag trippant, in base a mullet of seven points, within a bordure argent.

Conflict with Gavin MacFearhius of Athallwood (SCA), Vert, a hurst of two trees, in base a mullet, all within a bordure argent. There is one CVD for hurst versus stag and nothing for a five-pointed mullet versus a seven pointed mullet. X.2 does not apply in this case. The submitter might consider, Vert, a stag trippant argent and a bordure argent mullety of seven points vert. 08/91

Gunvor Torstensdottir. Device. Azure, three flames voided Or and on a chief rayonny argent two escallops inverted azure.

The gouttes of flame are to complex to void. Voiding (and fimbriation) have been pretty much restricted to ordinaries or similarly simple charges for some time now. 10/91

Gustav Maximillian von Ebrach. Device. Per bend sinister vert and argent, a lemming skull contourny argent and a scarab beetle sable.

There was nothing about the skull which would make it identifiable as a lemming's skull, or indeed as necessarily a rodent's skull of any kind. Given the paucity of small animals' skulls in the Armorial and Ordinary, we question the appropriateness of such a charge. 11/90

Gwendolen McIver. Device. Per bend sinister paly azure and Or, and argent, in base a thistle proper.

Conflict with James III of Scotland and with James of Scotland the VI and of England the I, a thistle. There is one CD for fielded versus fieldless. Though submitted as "Per bend sinister azure and argent, five pallets Or issuant from the line of division ....", the above blazon much more closely follows the real visual impact of the design. 11/91

Gwendolyn Elizabeth Stewart. Device. Vert, on a fess between two foxes courant Or, a sword fesswise vert.

Conflict with Ciarann mac Darragh (SCA, registered September 1990), Vert, on a fess between two wolves statant Or, a wolf statant to sinister sable. There is one CVD for the changes to type and tincture of the tertiary, but nothing for the difference between courant and statant (the legs are moved somewhat), or between wolves and foxes. 10/90

Gwendolyn Sylvania. Device. Vert vêtu, a mushroom Or.

Conflict with Battista del Cascabel, Quarterly purpure and sable, a mushroom Or. There is only one CD for the changes to the field. 02/92

Gwenhwyfar the Wita. Name.

This was not a new submission, as stated on the letter of intent, but was returned in the LoAR of 28 November 1987, noting that wita was a member of the Witanagemot, the Anglo-Saxon ruling council, and that wita also means "white", so that the name conflicts with the Arthurian Guinevere the White. None of the issues in that return have been addressed, and so it must be returned again for the same reasons. 7/90

Gwenllian ap Ulfin. Device. Per fess azure and gules, a fess between a bottlenose dolphin embowed argent and a bouquet of daffodils Or, within a bordure nebuly argent.

This is too complex. It is right at the Rule of Thumb limit for charge types and tinctures, and the complex line of division on the bordure pushes it over the line of unacceptability. 11/90

Gwenllian ap Ulfin. Device. Azure, in pale a die argent and a heart Or.

Conflict with Robert de Termes (Renesse, Vol. 3, p. 357), Azure, a coeur Or. There is one CD for the addition of the argent die. 01/92

Gwenllian ferch Madog Llangollen. Device. Argent, a harp sable between in cross four mullets vert.

Conflict with Harpen (Rietstab), Argent a harp sable. There is one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 05/92

Gwenneth ni Gallighir. Device change. Per pale sable and argent, two domestic cats sejant, dexter paws raised, between two crescents and a mullet all counterchanged.

Although the cats are blazoned as the primary charges here, their visual weight is such that this could just as easily be blazoned Per pale sable and argent two crescents, two domestic cats sejant, and a mullet, all counterchanged. As such, it violates VIII.1.a., the tincture and charge limit (slot-machine heraldry), with three different types of charge in a standard heraldic arrangement (2, 2, and 1). 02/92

Gytha Anora ni Kieran. Name change from Gytha Anora ni Chiarain.

The use of the Gaelic patronymic particle is inappropriate with an anglicization of the patronymic name. The submitter permitted no changes whatsoever (or we could have changed it to O Kieran), so this has to be returned. 12/90

Hadad al Hadi. Name.

Hadad (also Haddad, and Hadaad, all pronounced with the accent on the second syllable) is not a given name, but an epithet, and is never found even in modern names without the article attached to it: al-Haddad. As a consequence the client lacks a given name, which is required by the rules. 01/92

Hakon of Jorvik. Device. Gyronny of six arrondy gules and argent.

Conflict with Mudersbach (Woodward), Gyronny indented gules and argent; Acton (Papworth, p. 899), Gyronny of eight argent and gules; Rochausen (Woodward, p. 86), Mal-gironné de six piéces gironnantes de gueules et d'argent; and Berlingham (Papworth, p. 53), Barry of six gules and argent. There is at best a maximum of one CVD from each of these devices for the lines of division of the field. 08/91

Hallfridr Throndardottir. Device. Azure, on a pile rayonny argent a sea-ounce sable, its head argent marked sable, crested and finned azure.

The identifiability of the "sea-ounce" is severely reduced by both the azure "crest" and the fact that the head is primarily argent on the argent pile. It thus does not meet the requirements of RfS VIII.3, Armorial Identifiability. 3/92

Hamilton fitzHugh. Name.

Hamilton is a surname. "The ban on the use of surnames as given names goes back well into the last decade to the tenure of Mistress Karina and has been reaffirmed by every Laurel since.... The standing precedent was set by Master Baldwin in December, 1984, in the case of Dunham Wycliffe when it was decided that the Camden citation referred to a late and anomalous practise and that the use of surnames as given names should be limited to surnames actually shown to have been used as given names in period." (Mistress Alisoun MacCoul of Elphane, LoAR of 26 November 1989, p. 31) 02/91

Hamish Duncan MacAlpin. Name.

Hamish is not a name. It is a phonetic rendering of the Gaelic name Seumas in the vocative case, and only became misconsidered a given name by mistake by non-Gaelic speakers in post-period times. It is no more a given than would be the possesive James'. If the submitter would consider the given Seumas, this would work. 11/91

Hanns Helvig von Longstrum. Badge. (Fieldless) An annulet gules surmounted by a latin cross clechy sable.

The emblazon is not really reproducible from the blazon, nor was anyone able to come up with a reasonable blazon that would work. As a consequence, we are having to return this because of irreproducibility. 05/92

Harold Lacklander. Device. Per pale gules and sable, on a pale convex between two axes addorsed argent a raven striking sable.

While the submitter has fixed one of the problems for which this device was returned in December 1982, the other remains. The notes made by Laurel in the file at that time state that "a pale convex is not a heraldic charge." The blazon submitted for it in the LoI, "embowed", does not accurately describe the emblazon. 01/92

Hartwood, Shire of. Device. Vert, ermined Or, on a plate a hart's head erased sable within a laurel wreath vert.

Rule XI.4 does not allow a roundel to be charged with more than one charge on the grounds that it appears to be an inescutcheon of pretense. Would they consider making the laurel wreath Or (or argent) and moving onto the field around the roundel? 01/91

Havenholde, March of. Device. Gyronny arrondy of twelve gules and argent, a tower sable and on a chief Or a laurel wreath between two ravens respectant sable.

The device is right at the outer limits of complexity for armory. That, combined with the problem of the laurel wreath not forming a "significant" portion of the design in this case, pushes it beyond the edge of appropriate style. 01/92

Heinrich von Gugenheim. Device. Per pale argent and Or, a pale gules between a garb sable and a bunch of grapes purpure, leaved vert.

With three types of charge and six tinctures, this exceeds the rule of thumb for complexity of VIII.1.a. 4/92

Heinrich von Pfungstadt. Badge. [Fieldless] On a delf Or, a keythong's head erased gules.

The precedent set by Master Baldwin in 1986 regarding the style of "[Fieldless] On a (billet, roundel, delf, etc.)..." has not been abrogated by the new rules. This appears to be a display of arms (Gules, a keythong's head erased gules) on a rectangle. The fact that such arms would be in conflict with Monro (Papworth, p. 912), Or, an eagle's head gules (one CVD for type of primary charge. I do not believe that X.2, which requires substantial difference, can apply in this case), is beside the point. A fieldless badge should not have a charge placed on a convex geometric shape which is used for armorial display. 02/91

Helena du Brouillard de Matin. Badge. [Fieldless] On a sun argent an escallop inverted azure.

Conflict with Micheila nic Fhaionghuin of Skye, Azure, a sun argent eclipsed azure charged with a mullet voided argent. There is one CD for fieldlessness but since X.4.j.ii does not apply to tertiaries on suns, we cannot get the second for the change to type only of the tertiary. 6/92

Helga of Darkwater. Device. Purpure, a cross fleury triparted Or, on a chief double-arched gules, fimbriated Or, an escallop Or.

The College has not allowed chiefs to be fimbriated for a number of years now. 10/90

Hernando Herodes Montenegro de Mondragon. Badge. Per pale gules and sable, a plate and two bezants, one and two.

Conflict with Colin Korino (SCA), Gyronny of three arrondy azure gules and sable, three bezants one in chief, one in base and one in dexter base. There is only one CVD for the changes to the field. Changing the tincture of the topmost of three charges one and two is insufficient for the second. 08/91

Hertha Blair of Froggestow. Badge. [Fieldless] A frog rampant vert.

Conflict with Gaston de l'Abbaye, Checky gules and argent, a frog salient vert. There is one point for fieldlessness but nothing for the difference between rampant and salient. 10/91

Hidden Mountain, Barony of. Name for Order of the Sanguine Mountain.

Conflict with the Mountain Confederation per RfS V.2. 6/92

Hidden Mountain, Barony of. Name for Order of the Argent Mountain.

Conflict with the Mountain Confederation per RfS V.2. 6/92

Hilarie the Puppeteer. Device. Argent, a jester's bauble palewise proper, on a chief vert a heron volant argent.

There really is no "proper" for a jester's bauble (or motley), and we could not come up with a blazon which would reproduce with any consistency the emblazon. 9/90

Hilary of the Danelagh. Device. Argent, an oak tree eradicated proper, fructed Or, on a chief vert, three hearts Or.

Conflict with Atwood (Papworth, p. 1115), Argent, an oak tree erased vert, acorned Or, on a chief azure, three acorns slipped Or. There is a CVD for the tincture of the chief, but the change of type only of the tertiaries is insufficient for the second. 10/90

Hlutwige Wolfkiller. Device. Per pale Or and vert, within an annulet upon a roundel per pale embowed counter-embowed, two scorpions tergiant involved in annulo, all counterchanged.

It was the clear consensus of the commentary and those at the Laurel meeting that the counterchanging on this device is excessive and that the design is too complex for period style (which the length of the blazon required helps to emphasize). 12/90

Howard of Redstone. Blazon change. Argent, within an annulet gules, a mug sable charged with a sword Or, a bordure gules.

The currently registered blazon, Argent, a mug sable charged with a sword Or, within an annulet within a bordure gules, much more accurately reflects the emblazon and the primary nature of the mug. 3/91

Hrodgar Bertold von München. Device. Azure, a sword inverted proper between two wings displayed in lure argent.

Conflict with Goudelin (Woodward, p. 123), Azure, a sword argent, hilted Or, with the point in base. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 08/91

Hywel o Gwynedd. Change from holding name of Hywyn of Wyrmgeist.

Conflict with Hywel, King of Gwynedd. 04/91

Iain MacCrimmon. Badge for House Bittonmoor. [Fieldless] A dragon's head couped contourny argent.

Conflict with 12th/16th Royal Welsh Dragoons, [Fieldless] A dragon's head contourny argent. There is only one CD for fieldlessness. 6/92

Iain Monlach. Device. Sable, a pall argent, overall a roundel engrailed gules, fimbriated argent.

Rule VIII.3 notes that "voiding and fimbriation may only be used with simple geometric charges...." The roundel engrailed is too complex a charge to fimbriate this way. 7/90

Ian Cameron. Name.

Conflict with John Cameron (1579-1623), noted Scots Theologian. As he has his own entry in the Encyclopedia Britannica, he is important to protect. 01/92

Ian Chattan. Device. Vert, a thistle within a bordure flory Or.

Conflict with Virgina Brightangel (SCA), Vert, a thistle slipped flexed-reflexed, head to dexter, and in canton a mullet, all Or. There is one CVD for the change to type of the secondary, but the posture of the thistles is nearly identical with the exception of some waviness of the thistle's stem on Virginia's device. 9/91

Ian MacPherson. Device. Argent, two garden roses in saltire gules slipped and leaved proper and a bordure gules.

Conflict with the British 42nd Division (cited in the LoI), Argent, a rose gules barbed and seeded proper and a bordure gules. There is a CVD for the number of primary charges, but neither the slipping nor the difference between heraldic and garden roses has been considered a CVD before. 01/91

Ian Michael O'Shaughnessey. Device. Per pale sable and gules, two dolphins hauriant respectant Or.

Conflict with Atfield (Papworth, p. 838), Per chevron sable and argent, two dolphins hauriant respecting each other Or. There is only one CVD for the changes to the field. 9/91

Ian of Nightsgate. Badge. [Fieldless] On a mullet of three points Or a sun sable.

The identifiability of the primary charge here is at best marginal. A number of commenters questioned the acceptability of a "mullet of three points", noting that it is in outline much nearer to a caltrap with a "leg" missing than it is to any kind of mullet. That it has only been registered once before lends weight to this argument. It is Laurel's opinion that the "mullet of three points" should be added to those charges no longer registered by the College. Additionally, there was some question about the propriety of charging such a charge with a tertiary. Either the tertiary has to be drawn so small that it loses its identifiability, or the primary has to be "fattened" up so much that its identifiability becomes questionable. 3/92

Ilaine de Cameron. Device. Azure, a bendlet, a bendlet sinister, a billet voided bendwise, and a billet voided bendwise sinister, all interlaced within a bordure, all argent.

As noted by a number of commenters, the primary charge(s) here does not really meet the requirements of rules for submission VII.7.a, which notes that "elements must be recognizale solely from their appearance." As the convoluted blazon makes clear, this is very much like, but is not exactly, a fret. However, its very strong resemblance to a fret does bring this into conflict with Echingham (Papworth, p. 878) Azure, a fret argent. (As a note in SCA blazon, there is no such thing as a bendlet or bendlet sinister by itself. If there is only one, it is a bend or bend sinister.) 10/91

Ilissa the Nightwatcher. Name for Shadow Legion.

The proposed household name was not supported by any documentation at all that it is formed in a period manner. Given its intrusively modern "fantasy/gaming" sound, we would prefer some evidence that it follows a pattern of some period naming practice before we register it in the SCA. 05/92

Illaria of Narwhale Keep. Device. Azure, goutty d'eau, a narwhal hauriant reversed embowed and a unicorn salient, horns crossed in saltire, within a bordure embattled Or.

The "unicorn" is not a unicorn but a "unicornate horse", which has been disallowed for some time. Additionally, the bordure, as noted in the LoI, is incorrectly drawn. As what is registered is the emblazon, and the emblazon as submitted cannot be registered, please have the submitter redraw the bordure with the embattling on the inner edge and draw a proper heraldic unicorn. No conflicts were noted by the commenters. 8/90

Ilse vom Rhein. Badge. [Fieldless] A delf Or surmounted by a mullet of four points azure charged with a sea-lion naiant Or.

We do not allow quarternary armory (except on occasional charged overall charges, usually ordinaries). 02/92

Ilya Ivanovich. Device. Vert, an astrolabe Or, charted vert.

As the emblazon makes this effectively "vert, an astrolabe vert, chased Or", this really is color on color. Considered as "vert, an astrolabe Or", it conflicts with Astroll (Papworth, p.10), Azure, an astrolabe Or, with one CVD for the field. 08/91

Ilya Vsevolod Fominich. Device. Per bend sinister countervairy gules and Or and countervairy Or and sable, a dragonfly argent.

Conflict with Mairghread Maire Draigdaimhalachd (SCA), Per saltire azure and vert, a dragonfly tergiant displayed argent, orbed Or. There is only one CVD, for the changes to the field. 8/90

Ilya Yaroslavich Kyurakin. Name.

The correct form of the patronymic would appear to be Yaroslavovich instead of Yaroslavich, and no one could support this unusual spelling of Koryakin/Karyakin. Since the client allowed no changes to the name we are having to return it. A number of commenters had problems with the resemblance of this name to that of UNCLE agent Ilya N. Kuryakin, and it is entirely possible that even were the name grammatically correct that it would have to be returned for being obtrusively modern and "detrimental to the . . . enjoyment of its [the Society's] participants" (RfS I.2) because of that intrusiveness. 6/92

Irwyn of Hartwich. Device. Azure, issuant from the battlements of a castle argent a stag's head Or armed argent, in base an eagle displayed wings inverted Or, grasping a hunting perch argent.

Although the LOI and the submitters form specified the field as azure, and some of the charges as being Or, Lord Laurel received an emblazon sheet which was all black and white (with the exception of the blue ball point pen used to fill it in. The device also has the problem of being effectively slot machine heraldry, in that it uses three types of charges in a standard heraldic arrangement (in pale). On a resubmission, the submitter may need to keep in mind MacGilleoun (Papworth, p. 364), Azure, a castle triple towered argent, for conflict. 08/91

Isabeau Bonheur. Device. Argent, a dolphin urinant contourny proper between flaunches vert.

Conflict with Brendan MacRonan, Argent, a dolphin urinant vert. There is one CD for the addition of the flaunches, but nothing for reversing the fish in this position, or for the difference between "vert" and "vert, marked gules". 05/92

Isabeau de Castille. Name.

Conflict with Isabella, Queen of Castile. Isabeau is simply the French for Elizabeth, just as Isabella is the Spanish. The two names are exact equivalents. 01/91

Isabeau la Sage. Device. Azure, a horse statant argent within a bordure dovetailed ermine.

Conflict with British 26th Engineering Group (Military Ordinary, No. 121), Azure, a horse statant in adumbration argent. There is one CD for the addition of the bordure. 12/91

Isabel of Biconyll. Device. Per fess gules and argent, a fess counterchanged between a lion rampant argent and a beacon sable, flamed gules, atop a mount sable.

Conflict with von Reden (Siebmacher, p. 179), Per fess gules and argent, a fess counterchanged. There is one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 05/92

Isabel of Kent. Device. Argent, between two flaunches vert, an apple tree eradicated fructed, in chief three apples slipped proper.

No forms were included in the Laurel packet for this submission. 12/91

Iseult du Soleil. Name.

The byname means "of the sun", not a place a person can be from. Would the submitter consider Iseult Soleil, dropping the article and using the better documented surname? 01/91

Isidoro no Tsuji Ban'nin. Name and device. Quarterly Or and azure, a cross counterchanged surmounted by a Japanese stone lantern lit proper.

While Ishidoro (with an "h") appears to be acceptable as a constructed surname, neither Tsuji nor Ban'nin could be found as acceptable given names by any of the commenters. O'Neill lists Tsuji only a surname and Ban'nin appears to be formed as a houmyou (Chinese-style Buddhist name). We need more documentation that this is a standard style of "Japanese stone lantern" and that there is not much variation in the design of Japanese stone lanterns, as if registered this would be the defining SCA example. 02/92

Isle of the Blue Mists, Canton of the. Name.

Conflict with Barony of the Isles. Of the Blue Mists is a single adjectival phrase modifing the noun Isle. Adding a collection of adjective after a noun is no different than adding a collection of adjectives before a noun for purposes of RFS V.2. [Arguendo, if the noun is Mists, then Isle of the Blue is the adjectival phrase and the name conflicts with the Principality of the Mists. I don't really believe this argument, but either way we have a conflict.] 11/91

Ito Kiyomoto. Device. Azure, in pale three triangles inverted each within a triangle voided argent.

Though apparently based on Japanese "fish scales" (Hawley, p. 86), the overall design is obtrusively modern (see RFS VIII.4.d). A much better design would have the three charges two and one on the field, or one and two. Placing them in pale makes them look like a modern corporate logo rather than a form of heraldic display, either European or Japanese. 11/91

Ito Nori. Device. Or, a tsuba and in chief three flames sable.

Conflict with Yamanaka (Hawley p. 63), A coin (a roundel pierced of a delft). As noted in the previous return there is a CD for the addition of the secondaries only, as mon are tinctureless and nothing can therefore be granted for tincture.

A number of the commenters still appear to believe that all tinctureless armory must be fieldless, simply because the explanation to rule X.4.d notes that "tinctureless armory may not count tincture of charges the Fieldless Difference will count for one change and the second change must come from a category that does not involve tincture." Like Lady then-Crescent now-Black Stag, Laurel is not comfortable with the amount of protection this interpretation gives to mon. On the other hand, I have not been comfortable treating armory with a field as "fieldless", either. Doing so would introduce a different "double standard" for the protection of mundane armory: two CDs for European and only one CD for Japanese. I would, however, like to see this issue discussed specifically and an informed consensus arrived at. 4/92

Ito Nori. Device. Or, a tsuba and in chief three flames sable.

Conflict with Yamanaka (Hawley p. 63), A coin (a roundel pierced of a delf). There is a CD for the addition of the secondaries, but no additional change for the shape of the piercing, for tincture (since mundane mon are essentially tinctureless) nor for fieldlessness (since mon are not fieldless badges. Mon have fields; their tinctureless makes them omnifielded for all practical purposes.) 11/91

Ivan Kalinin. Device. Sable, an anchor between two cockatrices combattant Or.

Conflict with Harray (Renesse, Vol. IV, p. 201), Sable, an anchor Or. There is one CD for the addition of the secondary monsters. 6/92

Ja'far al-Ta'ib Abdurrahim ibn Attali'. Device. Argent, on a fess between the Arabic words "wa-lá gháliba illá-Llah" and a scimitar fesswise reversed vert, a goblet throughout Or charged with an Arabic penbox sable.

The addition of the Arabic penbox on the goblet makes this four layers. [Da'ud (as opposed to Lord Laurel) disagrees with the contention in the LoI that this device is "excellent style"; I have not seen any examples yet of "Saracenic" heraldry which combined script and charges. There are hundreds of examples of armory with charges, and hundreds of examples of "armory" consisting only of script, but none which combined the two.] 02/91

Jacinta van Schoonhoven. Device. Argent, four hearts in saltire, points to center, gules, surmounted by an annulet Or.

Conflict with the Princes of Lippe (Woodward p. 324), Argent, a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper, and with Rosenberg (Woodward), Argent, a rose gules, seeded Or. The visual resemblance was striking. 7/90

Jack Green. Name.

Conflict with the English mythological figure, Jack in the Green. 12/90

Jacqueline de Lyons. Name and badge for Maison de Animals. [Fieldless] A fleur-de-lys argent, on the dexter petal a wolf's paw print, on the sinister petal a lion's paw print.

All problems with conflict with the well-known movie "Animal House" aside, the name of the household is not correct grammar (which would be "Maison des Animaux") and the submitter permitted no changes whatsoever. The badge has the problem of using two different types of the same charge (pawprints), which has been disallowed for some time (although usually we see this problem with different types of swords). 12/90

Jago Redbeard. Device. Gyronny vert and ermine, an hourglass Or.

Conflict with Leopold Reinmar von Schonberg (SCA), Per bend sinister guels and sable, an hourglass Or. There is one CVD, for the changes to the field. 04/91

Jago Redbeard. Name and badge for Lightning Fist Camp. [Fieldless] Two lightning bolts cross in saltire vert surmounted by a lantern Or lit gules.

The name does not appear to be formed in a period manner and makes no particular sense, appearing to be simply a collocation of words. The lantern with its transparent "glass" is not done in a period manner. As was noted in the commentary, the College has a long history of disallowing transparent objects. 08/91

Jahan Isfahani. Device. Argent, on a fess between two lozenges azure, a goblet throughout Or.

Conflict with Spence (Papworth, p. 788), Argent, on a fess azure three covered cups Or. There is a CD for the addition of the secondaries but nothing for the change to number only of tiertiary. 11/91

James Adare MacCarthaigh of Derrybawn. Badge. [Fieldless] A compass star elongated to base gyronny of 16 argent and azure.

Under a precedent set by Master William von Schlüssel in the LOAR of March 22, 1988, charges may not be gyronny of more than eight. 08/91

James Galen MacGrew. Device. Per pale gules and sable, on a mullet of eight greater and eight lesser points argent a wolf's head cabossed sable.

Conflict with Anthony the Sinister (SCA), [Fieldless] On a mullet of ten points argent a pheon sable. There is not a CVD between the two mullets, nor does X.4.j.ii apply, so neither is there a CVD for change to type only of the tertiary, leaving us with one CVD only for fielded versus fieldless. 08/91

James of Nottingham. Device. Per saltire gules and sable, a fret within a bordure Or.

Conflict with Hudleston, Gules, fretty and a bordure Or. Evidence has been presented that "a fret" and "fretty" were considered interchangeable in period, so no difference can be granted between them (as with a chevron and a chevron throughout). Visual conflict with Stephen Trahearn, Gyronny sable and gules, a fret couped within a bordure Or. 7/90

James of Rutland. Device. Sable, a harp between two roundels in fess Or.

Conflict with Landschaden in Rietstap, Sable a harp Or, there is only one CD for the addtion of the secondaries. 3/92

James the Dragonseeker. Device. Argent, in pale a castle sable and a frog vert spotted Or.

Conflict with The Norfolk and Cambridge District, I Quarter (Military Ordinary #1368), Argent, a castle triple towered sable, and with Campbell of Hallyards (Lyon I, #586), Argent, a castle triple-towered sable, with one CVD in each case for adding the frog. 08/91

James the Tormentor. Device. Per bend sinister embattled argent and azure, a ship reversed proper sails gules.

Conflict with Echlin (Papworth, p. 1088) Argent, a galley proper. There is one CD for the field, but nothing for the orientation of the ship or for changing the tincture of the sails which amount to approximately one third of the primary charge. No evidence was presented that period heralds allowed any difference for changing the tincture of the sails on a ship. 11/91

Jan w Orzeldom. Augmentation. Per pale gules and argent, in pale a chevronel couped per pale and two crosses patty counterchanged, as an augmentation at honor point on an inescutcheon azure two bears passant erect addorsed reguardant argent each maintaining a berdiche proper and in base a laurel wreath Or.

While most of the College, and Laurel himself, has no problem with the use of an escutcheon as a vehicle for an augmentation, mundane and Society precedent reserve inescutcheons of actual arms to those legitimately claiming the right to those arms. In mundane usage, this augmentation is a claim that Hrabia Jan is married to the Baroness of Bjornsborg and that their children will inherit it. This is an inappropriate heraldic claim, and violates the standards set by Corpora IV.C.3.a., that the standards set by the College of Arms "shall be designed ... to avoid the appearance ... of false claims".

[There is also some question whether an individual or a group can grant the right to their undifferenced arms for use by someone else. The use of letters of permission to conflict (which is what Laurel considers the petition by the members of the Barony of Bjornsborg to be) in the College has always been to allow a reduced standard of difference, not to allow the use of arms undifferenced. It is Laurel's believe that the only way the use of arms registered to one party may be granted undifferenced to another is to transfer those arms, with the appropriate letters signed by both parties transferring the arms and accepting them.]

A second issue is the use of a laurel wreath on arms registered to an individual. Laurel wreaths have always been reserved in the Society to branches of the Society, and may not be registered to an individual. (See, e.g., Baldwin of Erebor, LoAR of 10 March 1985, p. 4.) It is Laurel's belief, and that of many of the commenting heralds, that this restriction applies to augmentations as well as to devices, the same way that coronets and loops of chain, even as augmentations, have been restricted to those who may rightfully bear them.

As has been noted by prior Laurel precedent, no Crown may specify the form an augmentation (or arms, for that matter) may take. Relevant prior rulings on this are found in the Cover Letter of 28 January 1983, p. 4; the Cover Letter of 7 December 1986, pp. 3-4; and the Minutes of the Meeting of the Board of Directors of 24 January 1988, p. 12.

It would seem that the simplest solution for this would be to make a resubmission of this and remove the laurel wreath from the augmentation. The augmentation would then be sufficiently different enough (with the "letter of permission to conflict" from the Barony) from the arms of the Barony to avoid the problems of perceived presumption and at the same time to avoid the restriction on the registration of laurel wreaths. 04/92

Jana von Drachenklaue. Device. Per pale azure and sable, a swan naiant reguardant and on a chief Or three hazelnuts vert.

The posture of the swan is not really blazonable, nor is it reproducable by the blazon given in the LOI. The charges on the chief are not recognizable. Suggestions at the Laurel meeting as to what they were (before the blazon was read) included pitted green olives and tennis balls. Were the problem with simply one or the other, we would probably register this with a note to the submitter to "draw the X properly". The combination, however, is too much. 10/91

Jane Willowspoon. Name.

No documentation at all was submitted to demonstrate that Willowspoon makes sense as an occupational byname or that it is formed in a period manner or follows period name construction practices, as required by RfS II.3. 11/91

Jannat Raushana al-Rumiya. Device. Gules, four Stafford knots in saltire tassels inward Or between four crescents in cross horns inward argent.

The four-fold symmetry of the submission is not period style and violates the strictures of Rules for Submission VIII.4. and VIII.4.d., Obtrusive Modernity. 10/91

Janos der Kleine. Device. Sable, a fess wavy between three lions passant to sinister argent.

Conflict with King (Papworth, p. 750), Sable, a fess wavy between three escallops argent. There is only one CD to the change of type of secondaries. 02/92

János Mihály. Device. Quarterly azure and argent, a ram's head affronty Or.

Conflict with Dunstan of Lewisham, Quarterly azure and argent, a dragon's head cabossed Or. While there is a CD for type of primary charge, X.2 does not apply here. 11/91

Jararvellir, Barony of. Name for Order of the Pisces.

The name conflicts with the very well-known astronomical constellation and astrological sign Pisces. 02/92

Jararvellir, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Pisces. Sable, semy of seaweed, two fish naiant in annulo within a bordure Or.

The "semy" is not identifiable from its appearance as required by RfS VII.7.a. 6/92

Jason of Rosaria. Badge. [Fieldless] On a compass star Or, the letter J sable

Conflict with Elizabeth Siovhan of Wilshire (SCA), Quarterly sable and vert, on a mullet of eight points Or a natural panther sejant sable. There is one CVD for fieldlessness but it lacks a second for changing the type only of the tertiary. 08/91

Jasper Greensmith of the Seagirt Glen. Household name for Scwaglannd Manor.

The arguments in the LoI for Scwaglannd as a constructed placename in its entirety push beyond the limits of reasonableness overall. Each of the individual parts may be okay, but all of the elements taken as a whole are too much. 4/92

Jasper Murtagh. Name for House Dreamer's Keep.

The only documentation for the name supplied by the submitter states that the words dreamer and keep are "common English". We need some evidence that this name is formed in a Period manner or follows the rules of name formation in Period for a placename per RfS II.2. 08/91

Javier de Los Santos. Device. Sable, on a bat displayed argent a cross formy fitchy within a bordure gules, escallopy argent.

The bordure is color on color, which the SCA does not allow. 10/90

Jean André Boeye. Device. Azure, a bend gules fimbriated between an eagle striking Or and a stag's head contourny erased argent.

Conflict with Caboga (Woodward), Azure, a bend gules. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries, but nothing for the fimbriation of the bend. 9/91

Jean Paul the Mace. Device. Azure, a cross moline argent between four increscents Or.

Conflict with Bentinck (Papworth, p. 608), Azure a cross moline argent. There is only one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 02/92

Jean Xavier Devereaux. Device. Per fess gules and argent, five fleurs-de-lys three and two counterchanged.

Conflict with Darley (Papworth P. 856), Gules, six fleurs-de-lys argent three, two and one. There is a CD for the field, but no difference between five and six charges, and no difference for changing the tincture of less than half the group. 01/92

Jeanne Estelle de Mouthe. Device. Azure, a fess argent between in fess four mullets Or and a swan naint argent.

Conflict with Blott (Papworth, p. 702), Azure, a fess argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 05/91

Jenny Scarlet MacTaggart. Device. Per fess wavy sable and barry wavy argent and azure, a sea-serpent ondoyant-emergent from the line of division contourney argent chased gules, in chief three thistles argent.

The sea-serpent ondoyant-emergent has been returned in the past for non-Period style (see, for example, the LoAR for November 1990, page 16, and the LoAR for June 1990, page 13). 12/91

Jervisa Wainwright. Device. Argent, an antelope salient sable within a bordure vert.

Conflict with Jacinth Aldith the Warwick (SCA), Argent, a yale rampant sable, armed and attired Or, within a bordure compony erminois and vert. There is a CVD for the bordure but antelopes and yales are almost identical. (See for example Dennys' Heraldic Imagination, pages 148 and 165). 08/91

Jesse of Ramscrag. Device. Azure, a pair of ram's horns and a compass star Or.

Conflict with Paul of Sunriver (SCA) Azure, a compass star Or. There is one CVD for the addition of the ram's horns. 9/91

Jillian Saint André. Device. Per pale gules and Or, three suns within a border indented counterchanged.

The primary charges are not drawn as suns, but they are not quite mullets of eight points either. Were they mullets of eight points this would conflict with Per pale gules and Or three mullets counterchanged, with one CD for the addition of the bordure. If they were to be redrawn as clearly identifiable suns, this would be clear. 3/92

Jocelyn Douglas of Fairfax. Name for Societas Historum Mortum.

In addition to the name being, even in Latin, an obtrusively modern take-off of a movie title and not Period in style, the grammar is incorrect. The correct grammar would appear to be Societas Gestarum Scriptorum Mortuorum. (All this leaving aside the question, of course, as to whether the household's members are all dead.) 9/91

Jocelyn Seawalker. Name.

While "Sea" is a reasonable byname element, there is nothing given in the LoI to indicate that "Seawalker" is reasonable or formed in a Period manner. Would the client consider the byname "Gobythesea", formed in the manner of Period exemplars found in Reaney's Origins, p. 289?. 12/91

Joe Westermark. Name.

No evidence has been presented that Joe is not a period diminutive of Joseph, and its extensive use post-period and there is certainly a common pattern of English diminutives formed this way; hence it should be as registerable as any other English diminutive (e.g., Will). On the other hand, the formation of the entire name brought modern connotations of "Joe Cool" to nearly every commenter. As a consequence, we felt that given this overwhelming reaction, that we had to return this for obtrusive modernity. 9/90

Johannes der Herold. Device. Per chevron Or, ermined gules, and gules, in base a lion rampant paly argent and azure.

The lion loses its identifiability because of the paly division, becoming oddly shaped blue and white stripes on the gules portion of the field (this was remarked upon by all at the Laurel meeting). 8/90

Johannes the Black of the Athanor. Device. Sable, a furnace enflamed conjoined to a retort, in sinister chief a cross moline, a bordure Or.

The form of furnace here is not documented. While several drawings of various furnaces were found by the commenters, none of them looked like the submitted emblazon. As the registration of this would be the defining example in SCA armory, we are extremely reluctant to register it without much firmer documentation regarding both its blazonability and reconstructability. 01/92

John Bromere. Device. Gules, on a chevron cotised argent between three lions passant guardant contourny Or, three hearts gules.

Conflict with Rawlet (Papworth, p. 507), Gules, on a chevron between two couplecloses argent, three lions rampant of the first. There is a CD for adding the secondary lions, but X.4.j.ii cannot apply for the change to type only of the tertiaries because of the two groups of secondaries in this proposal. (If the client would consider changing the number of hearts on the chevron to either two, four, or five, this would be clear.) 6/92

John Ironstone. Device. Azure, a chevron argent, goutty de sang, between two wolves combattant and a wolf's head erased affronty argent.

Conflict with Moulton (Papworth, p. 495), Azure, on a chevron argent between three annulets of the second, fretty gules. There is a CVD for the change to type of all of the secondaries, but the change to type only of the charges on the chevron is insufficient for the second. 10/90

John MacRobert of Grandloch. Device. Azure ermined argent, a saltire argent, overall a wolf's head erased sable.

Overall charges must have contrast with the field, not with the charges they overlie. 02/91

John of Blackmoor Woods. Device. Vert, semy of oak leaves Or, a cross bottony argent.

Conflict with Berrie (Papworth, p. 621), Vert, a cross crosslet argent. There is one CD for the addition of the semy, but a cross crosslet and a cross bottony are only artistic variations of the same charge, and were used interchangeably in period, so no difference may be granted between them. 4/92

John Patrick of Islington. Device. Checky gules and ermine, a cat's head couped sable.

Conflicts with Booty (Papworth, p. 911), Argent, a lion's head erased sable and with Anebairn MacPharlaine of Arrochar (SCA), Per pale azure and argent, a lion's head erased sable. In each case there is one CVD, for the changes to the field. 8/90

John Richard Beauchamp. Device. Counter-ermine, on a pile Or, a scops owl proper. (Otus scops).

Scops owls "proper" may come in any of three different color phases: rufous, gray, or brownish. As in similar returns in the past, we should not have to be so specific as to be required to specify which color phase an animal or bird is in to determine its tincture. This is being returned because Scops owls do not have a single "proper" color. 01/91

John Richard de Holloway. Device. Or, a bend potenty on the lower edge azure between two eagles displayed, wings inverted, sable.

Conflict with Renous (Papworth, p. 270), Or, on a bend azure between two eagles displayed sable, three mullets of the first, as cited in the LoI. Were the ordinary in this proposal potenty on both sides, it would be clear, but the majority of the commenters (and Laurel) did not feel that difference should be granted for this non-period treating of only one (and that the less visually important) side of an ordinary. The only period examples of treating one side of an ordinary which were noted was that of embattling the upper edge of an ordinary. 11/90

John Skinner. Name.

Conflict with John Skinner (1721-1807), Scots songwriter who collaborated with Burns, who wrote a number of popular Scottish songs. 12/90

John the Bearkiller. Device change. Gules, a sword argent, hilted bendy sinster sable and Or, overall a brown bear's head sinister facing, eyes closed proper, langued sable, in sinister chief a ducal coronet Or.

The addition of the ducal coronet in sinister chief sadly unbalances the device, which even the addition of the augmentation in canton does not serve to alleviate. We would highly recommend that His Grace consider gorging the bear's head with the coronet or placing the coronet atop (or over) the bear's head. 02/91

Jon of the Mist. Name.

Barring documentation for a place named "the Mist", this byname is not a reasonable locative. As the client will not allow any changes of any kind to the name, we are having to return this instead of simply adding a final "s", making the byname an acceptable "of the Mists". 12/91

Jorinde van Soelen. Name.

The documentation for the given is extremely tenuous. The Grimm Brothers collected their stories well post-period from professional story tellers, and there is absolutely no way of determining which elements are period and which are not. In this particular case, the "paired" names of the protagonists (Jorinde and Joringel) only serves to increase the doubt that the name is period. We need some harder documentation before we can register this name. 02/92

Joscelyn Brigida. Device. Per bend gules and purpure, a sea-cockatrice erect to sinister reguardant, wings addorsed, Or.

Conflict with Brann Morgan Dunmore of Galloway (SCA), [Fieldless] A cockatrice erect to sinister Or, drawing a sword from a scabbard proper. There is a CVD for fieldlessness, but the differences between a cockatrice and a sea-cockatrice are nearly non-existent, consisting primarily of the detailing of the tail. 08/91

Joshua Blackwolf. Device. Per bend bendy Or and sable, and Or, in base two wolves' heads couped at the shoulders addorsed and conjoined sable.

Since this could just as well be blazoned "Or, two bendlets enhanced and two wolves' heads couped at the shoulders addorsed and conjoined sable", it conflicts with Bentley (Papworth, p. 288), Or, three bendlets sable. There is one CVD for changing the bottommost bendlet to conjoined wolves' heads. Versus Hallep (Papworth, p. 285), Or, two bendlets sable, there is a CVD for the addition of the wolves' heads. This is also a conflict. 01/91

Joshua ibn Eleazar ha-Shalib. Device. Azure, in saltire a ladle inverted and a recorder between four Jewish hats Or.

While there appears to be no problem with a Jewish hat per se, the emblazoned hats on the device do not match either the submitter's own documentation or other documentation presented by Lords Batonvert and Habicht. That documentation shows almost all Jewish hats to have a ball atop the spike of the hat. If the submitter would be willing to redraw his hats so that they match the documented form for Jewish hats we see no bar to registration. 7/91

Josse le Bocher. Device. Vert, a hummingbird rising, wings elevated and addorsed, Or.

Conflict with Gravesend (Papworth, p. 305) Vert, a falcon rising holding in the dexter claw a pastoral staff Or. There is a CVD for the change to type of bird but X.2 does not apply here. 08/91

Jovan Greyhawk. Device. Per pale azure and gules, two wingless griffins combattant Or.

Conflict with Carpenter (Papworth, p. 147) Azure, two lions rampant combattant Or. There is one CD for the field, but the only difference in the large emblazon between these wingless griffins and lions is to the nose of the animal. If the submitter would use either griffins with wings, or male griffins (with the spikes), this would be clear. 01/92

Juan Pelayo de Huesca. Device. Sable, three goblets Or, a dexter gore erminois.

Conflict with Genor (Papworth, p. 677), Sable, three cups Or. There is one CD for the addition of the gore. 11/91

Judith de Bohun. Device. Per fess sable and gules, two pairs of annulets interlaced Or and a butterfly Or, marked sable.

Conflict with Clench, Gules, six annulets conjoined in pairs Or, two and one. There is a CVD for the field, but nothing for changing the type of 1/3 of the primaries. Unlike the case of Branwen ferch Emrys, West Kingdom, above, the butterfly here is clearly in base, and its visual weight is no stronger than that of the annulets. That being the case, it cannot be considered the primary charge, but only one of a single group of primaries. 7/90

Judith Hardfari. Device. Sable, a fess gules fimbriated between three compass stars and a compass rose argent.

Conflict with First Canadian Armored Brigade, Sable, a fess gules. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 06/91

Julia de Montoya. Device. Azure, two bendlets sinister between in chief three mullets of four points and in base a tower Or.

Conflict with Stopeford (Woodward's), Azure, two bendlets sinister Or. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the group of secondaries. 11/90

Julian du Bois. Device appeal. Per bend sinister argent and sable, a stump eradicated vert.

We were forced to agree with Mistress Alisoun in the previous return of this device: "The placement of the bulk of the distinguishing feature of this tree trunk, the roots eradicated, upon the sable portion of the field unacceptably diminish the identifiability of this charge." RfS VIII.3, Armorial Identifiability, states that "Elements must be used in a design so as to preserve their individual identifiability", and notes in the explanatory text that "elements may be rendered unidentifiable by ... marginal contrast...." Such is the case here. A reversal of the field tinctures should rectify this problem. 02/91

Jurgan Peredur. Name.

No evidence was presented for this spelling of the German Jürgen, and the pronunciation is sufficiently different as to no make this a likely spelling variant. Since the submitter allowed no changes whatsoever, we are having to return the name in its entirety. 11/91

Justinian the Sluggard. Device. Chequy gules and argent, a slug passant sable.

The primary charge is not identifiable as a slug (a number of commenters thought it was a slipper until reading the blazon), nor was any evidence presented that a slug is compatible with Period style. (There was some question as to how it would be possible for a slug to be "passant".). 12/91

Kaitlin of Glenloch. Device. Per chevron gules and ermine, two roses Or and one gules.

Conflict with Brett (Papworth, p. 873), Per chevron embattled gules and Or, three cinquefoils counterchanged. There is a CD for the changes to the field, but nothing for the minor change between cinquefoils and roses. 02/92

Karl Adler der Reisander. Badge for the Crimson Brotherhood. Per pale sable and gules, a double-bitted axe surmounted by a helm voided argent.

This badge was withdrawn by Lady Triton in her letter of May 8, 1991. 7/91

Karl Wolfgerson. Device. Per chevron sable and gules, a chevron between two mullets and two swords inverted crossed in saltire surmounted by a doubled-bladed axe argent.

Conflict with von Hocholting (Siebmacher, plate 90), Per chevron sable and gules, a chevron argent. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the group of secondaries. 02/91

Kasimir of Dzungaria. Name and device. Azure, a hunting horn reversed argent, stringed gules between three stirrups argent.

Although the tincture of the horn was accidentally left out of the LoI, most of the commenters guessed the correct tincture. Unfortunately, it conflicts with Horn (Papworth, p. 948), Azure, a buglehorn argent, banded Or, stringed of the third and gules. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. 8/90

Kassandra NicKraken. Badge. Azure, a goblet Or maintained by two coneys rampant guardant respectant argent, the dexter crowned with a comital coronet and the sinister with a Meridian vicecomital coronet Or.

Withdrawn by the Principal Herald. 01/92

Kateline MacFarlane. Badge. Argent, a maidenhair fern proper.

Conflict with Brobrough (Papworth, p. 1112), Argent, a slip of three leaves vert and with Rosemary Petsley (SCA), Argent, a spring of parsley vert. 7/91

Kateline MacFarlane. Device. Per pale vert and argent, a winged horse's head erased wings addorsed argent and a maidenhair fern proper, all within a bordure embattled counterchanged.

As has been ruled previously, the addition of the bordure does not remove the appearance of marshalled arms. There was some commentary regarding the identifiability of a "maidenhair" fern. In any case, the large emblazon had the leaves vert and the stems and roots sable, so we couldn't just blazon it vert. 7/91

Katerina O'Callaghan. Device. Or, a fox's head contourny erased within a bordure potenty gules.

Conflict with Giselle Barrentree (SCA), Or, a gazelle's head erased contourny within a bordure potenty gules. There is one CVD for the change to the type of the critter's head, but X.2 cannot be applied here. 9/91

Katharina of Lairdragyn. Name.

The locative does not make sense as constructed. Does she perhaps want "Dragynlair"? 12/90

Kathe von Linz. Badge. Or, a bay pack-horse passant proper, on a chief sable three bezants.

The color emblazon showed the horse as plain brown, not bay. There is no "proper" for the pack on the pack-horse (the one on the emblazon was brown). 12/90

Katherine Constancia da Feltre. Badge. [Fieldless] A capital K fleury vert.

It was the consensus of the commenters that the ban on "initial" badges by Mistress Alisoun MacCoul of Elphane (LoAR of 25 January 1987, p. 16) should be maintained, whatever the "typeface" or style of the initial. 11/90

Katherine of Three Mountains. Name.

Conflict with Katharine of the Mountains; the addition of the adjective is insufficient to clear. 08/91

Katherine Payne. Device. Gules, ermined Or, on a bend Or three owls palewise gules.

Conflict with Cheynell (Papworth, p. 230), Paly of six argent and azure on a bend Or three martlets gules. There is one CD for the changes to the field, but the change in type only from martlets to owls is insufficient to apply X.4.j.ii. We might suggest cotissing the bend as a way to clear the conflict. 05/92

Katherine Sunhair. Name and device. Azure, semy of crosses formy quadrate Or, a horse rampant argent, all points ermine.

Sunhair is not a Period style epithet, in that it does not appear to be formed in a Period manner. The closest that anyone could find for a similar epithet is Sherlock. Would the client consider Sherlock? The device is very complex. Although all three "points" are mentioned in heraldic tracts, in practice only the base one appears to have been used; and even in the tracts, the dexter and sinister points are described as abatements of honor, to be used separately, and not in conjunction. The semy is very complex being both irregular and hard to identify; at the necessary size to fit on the shield it is difficult to see that the crosses are formy quadrate, even on the large emblazon. 4/92

Kathleen Cordelia ni Mháille. Device. Quarterly purpure and vert, in bend two domestic cats sejant to sinister reguardant Or and in bend sinister two roses argent, all within a bordure Or.

The appearance of marshalled arms here is overwhelming, even with the bordure as a cadency charge. The intent of the "overall charge" requirement of XI.3.a is one of a charge lying in the center of the field, not a peripheral charge such as a chief or bordure (which were often used as cadency charges). 10/90

Kathryn Seabright. Badge. Azure, on a dogwood blossom argent, barbed vert, a compass star azure.

Conflicts with Maria Mindalova (SCA), Azure, an almond flower proper, the British 23rd Division, Azure, a rose argent, Besington (Papworth, p. 867), Azure, a quatrefoil argent, and the Royal Burgh of Inverberbie (Public Heraldry, p. 119), Azure, a rose argent barbed and seeded proper. In each case there is one CVD, for the addition of the tertiary. 8/90

Katlyn of Misthaven. Device. Per chevron sable and Or, two Catherine wheels and a dagger inverted counterchanged.

Conflict with Colin Mac Chlurain, Per chevron throughout sable and Or, a sword inverted sable between in chief two drinking horns addorsed Or. There is one CD for the type of the charges in chief. If the client would consider changing the type of charge in base significantly, that should clear this conflict. 12/91

Katlyn of Misthaven. Device. Per chevron sable and Or, two crescent moons respectant and a Catherine wheel counterchanged.

Technical conflict with Cu Dubh MacArtuir (SCA), Per chevron enhanced sable and Or, a wolf rampant to sinister reguardant sable and in chief two decrescents Or. There is a CVD for changing the type of charge in base, but reversing one of the two decrescents in chief is insufficient for the necessary second. 02/91

Katrina of Iron Mountain. Device. Per bend argent and azure, in sinister chief a double-flowered thistle proper.

Conflict with Alison of the Many Isles, Per bend argent and azure, a thistle, slipped and leaved, proper and a needle bendwise, threaded eye to chief, argent. There is one CVD for removing the needle. Given the normal emblazon of thistles, however, wherein the leaves rather than the heads are the most visually prominent element, we could not see giving a CVD for the addition of the second head (not too dissimilarly to not granting a CVD for the difference between an eagle and a double-headed eagle). 10/90

Katriona an Brionna. Name.

One cannot be "the Dream", even in Irish Gaelic. This is not an epithet that would have been given one in period. There is also an aural conflict with the registered Kaitriona ni Bhriain (SCA, 1983). 12/90

Katriona nic Séamus. Name.

Conflict with Caiterina nic Shéamais. If given proper Gaelic pronunciations, this conflicts under the rules. Additionally, Séamus would aspirate and change to the genitive here: Shéamais. 10/91

Katya Alexis Polunochnik. Name.

This is not a correctly formed Russian name. Russian naming practices are very strict and do not have the leeway given many other languages. The correct form would appear to be Katya Aleksievna Polunochnika. However, since the submitter allowed no changes at all we were unable to correct the grammar to register the name. 10/91

Katya Anna Sylvan. Device. Vert, on a pile inverted between two compass stars argent, a vixen sejant, tail reflexed to base, proper.

Conflict with Sian Myfanwy ferch Briana (SCA), Per chevron throughout vert and argent, two compass-stars and a pine tree eradicated counterchanged. There is one CVD for changing the type and tincture of the tertiary (or the basemost charge). By previous Laurel precedent, there is no difference between per chevron throughout and a pile inverted. 04/91

Kellen Oddsdottir. Device. Azure, a demi-sun Or issuant from a cloud argent within a bordure engrailed argent estoily azure.

The charges on the bordure, even on the large emblazon, are not estoiles but rather eight-armed asterisks. If the client would redraw them as estoiles.... 02/92

Kelwin Ratslayer. Device. Azure, a pall inverted Saxonized argent between two panthers rampant addorsed Or, pellety, and in base a sword inverted surmounted by a rat couchant contourny inverted argent.

The "saxonized" line of partition on the primary is a modern invention which has not been deemed compatable with SCA practice. Additionally this has four tinctures (azure, argent, Or, and sable) and five charge types (pall, panther, sword, rat, and roundels) putting it over the rule of thumb of VIII.1.a for complexity. Also, the rat "mortant" ("couchant contourny inverted") does not appear to be a period position, but rather a modern IPOC invention. The rat's position alone has in the past has been ruled a valid reason for return in and of itself. 3/92

Keradwc an Cai. Badge. [Fieldless] Three crescents conjoined in pall inverted, horns outward, argent.

Conflict with Bannes, Azure, three crescents one and two argent, the first one upright the other two addorsed, as cited in the LoI. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but the difference between the conjoined charges here and the small space between the three crescents one and two is insufficient for a second CD. 05/92

Keriwyn ferch Owen. Name and device. Azure, an owl close guardant Or, in chief an increscent and a decrescent, in base two arrows in saltire inverted argent, a bordure Or.

The given is not a reasonable variant of Keridwen. No one could demonstrate that the "d" would have been dropped in any variant of the name. The device is perilously close to slot machine heraldry, being saved only by the visual relationship of the crescent variants. However, as the submitter did not permit the formation of a holding name, we are having to return the armory with the name. 10/90

Kian Vitki. Name.

The byname is disallowed under RFS VI.2, Names Claiming Powers. You may not style yourself "the wizard" in the Society. 11/91

Kieran Forrestier. Name for House Stormfalcon.

Conflict with Great Britain's Falcon King of Arms. Addition of the adjective is not sufficient to clear the conflict. 08/91

Kirsten Thorsteinsdottir. Device. Per chevron azure and argent, two rivenstars argent and issuant from base a lion's head gules.

Conflict with Alarikr af Stjarnaheim (SCA), Per chevron throughout azure and argent, two compass stars and a pithon embowed counterchanged. There is only one CVD for changing the type and tincture of the charge in base. Secondarily the "rivenstars" were drawn so offset as to be nearly unrecognizable as such, and several commenters questioned the acceptability of this charge for use by anyone besides the Barony of Rivenstar. 9/91

Knikolos Major of Salem-by-the-Sea. Badge. Sable, a hippogryph salient to sinister argent maintaining a sun Or.

Conflict with Iriel of Branoch (SCA), Sable, a hippogriff rampant to sinister Or. There is only one CVD for the tincture of the monster, but nothing for the held charges. 10/90

Knut Skytja Thorngundobald. Badge. [Fieldless] Above a longship under sale, six arrows inverted in chevron, two, two and two, argent.

The design of the fieldless badge is not self-contained in the sense required by RfS VIII.5. There are clearly two groups of charges here, which are not nearly so clearly "connected", and certainly not "self-contained". 11/91

Kobayakawa Ariake. Device. Gules, three Japanese fans conjoined in annulo one and two, bases to center Or.

Conflict with Matsuchiro of Okochi (Hawley 58), Three fans conjoined in annulo one and two, bases to center. The only changes here are to tinctures, and as mundane mon could have legitimately been displayed in these colors, it is an exact conflict. [Irreverent comment: Laurel disagrees with those commenters who remarked that this looks like a P-47 engine affronty, believing it to be much more like a P-26.] 3/91

Koga Yoshitsune. Device. Gules, three delfs conjoined in pall within a bordure argent.

Conflict with Schindel (Siebmacher, plate 50), Gules, three billets pallwise in pall argent. There is only one CVD for the addition of the bordure. 06/91

Konrad Korb of Orkney. Device. Lozengy purpure and argent, a maltese cross Or.

Conflict with Latimer (Woodward), Gules, a cross patonce Or, and with Verenchesley (Papworth, p. 610), Azure, a cross patonce Or. In each case there is a CVD for the change to the field, but not enough difference between a maltese cross and a cross patonce for another. 01/91

Kostbera Kveldulfsdottir. Name.

Kostbera appears to be an epithet, not a given name. Kveldulf is a unique name, applied to the grandfather of Egil Skallagrimsson, given to him because he came alive only at night and apparently had werewolf-like tendencies. As a unique name, its use in a patronymic form is a claim to relationship, which is disallowed by RfS V.5. 04/91

Krisha Vanja Janina Kazimira. Name and device. Argent, a firebird volant bendwise sinister gules.

The name appears to follow no documentable Slavik naming pattern that any of the commenters could find. It cannot, however, be what the client says it is. From the sources we could find it would appear to combine a variant of a Czech dimunitive of a masculine name with a Russian diminutive of a masculine name with a feminine diminutive of a name and a Russian feminine name. We would recommend that the client write to Lord Dragon for assistance. The device conflicts with Hastini Chandra, Argent, a bharat peacock passant gules. After comparing the two emblazons, we found we could only grant one CD for the change to the posture. 4/92

Kristoff McLain Cameron. Device. Azure, a Great Dane statant Or and on a chief argent three thistles slipped and leaved proper.

Conflict with Kene (Papworth, p. 100), Azure, a talbot passant Or, on a chief argent three crosses crosslet sable. There is a CD for the multiple changes to the tertiaries only. 11/91

Kuji Ka Oni. Name.

While "Oni" appears to be a name element, it is a protheme and not itself a given name. The submitter needs a given with this name. 12/90

Kyle Wolfsheulen. Name and device. Counter-ermine, a wolf's skull and a bordure argent.

The byname does not appear to be very plausible, even in German. Without documentation of a pattern of similarly formed epithets in German, we cannot register this. Additionally, the byname does not appear to be correctly formed here. A much more likely formation would seem to be Heulwolf. The skull is not sufficiently identifiable in this position, Most skulls, like most heads, are shown in profile for greater identifiability. 11/91

Labhriunn de Ramsay. Name for House Abacus.

The household name conflicts with the Abacus Pursuivant (Atenveldt). 10/90

Lachlan Ian MacIntosh. Name.

Conflict with Lachlan MacIan MacIntosh of that Ilk, chief of the clan. When he resubmits a name, the submitter would be well advised to avoid the surname MacIntosh, as the arms of the MacIntosh family feature a lion rampant and a ship with sails furled, and the combination of his now-registered armory with the surname MacIntosh may be considered too allusive to be registrable. 08/91

Lachlana of Crownwood. Name and device. Argent, a horse salient reversed sable, within a bordure gules.

Lachlana does not appear to be a properly formed Scottish feminine name. No evidence was presented that Scots Gaelic feminized masculine names by adding "a". The device conflicts with the U.S. Blackhorse Division, Panzerbrigade 21, and 4 Stormo de Armedo d'Aosta, Argent, a horse salient sable within a bordure gules. There is one CD only for changing the orientation of the horse. 11/91

Lanassa he Levkene. Name.

We need documentation that this form the byname is indeed correct. No documentation on the form of the byname was included in the Laurel packet, and Lord Dragon believes that Lannassa Leukadia or Lannassa he Leukadia are much more likely. 05/92

Larissa Maria Guscio. Name.

No documentation was included at all for the "surname". We need at least some evidence for its use as a surname in period, or at least a demonstration that it follows period naming practice in Italian. 02/91

Lars Knarrarsmidr. Device. Gules, a rooster displayed argent maintaining in its claws a spear fesswise proper and a lion's pelt Or.

This had been pended from the April Laurel meeting. Three types of charges in a single group are disallowed under VIII.1.a. The relative sizes of the charges here clearly make them such. 7/91

Lars Knarrarsmidr. Device. Gules, on a bend between a rooster displayed argent and lion's pelt Or, a spear gules.

As Lord Trefoil noted, the "lion's pelt" does not appear to meet the identification and reconstruction requirements of VII.7.a and b in the Rules for Submission. Pelts are normally displayed as hides rather than like a fleece, as here. Yet we could not bring ourselves to allow an invented new charge, the "lion's fleece". And calling it a lion would not help because of the very unusual "posture" of the beast (which is essentially unblazonable. The closest anyone could suggest was "herissony", which really doesn't describe it). 02/92

Laurence Jowell. Device. Per pale azure and argent, a pheon inverted counterchanged.

The primary is neither a broadarrow, a pheon, nor a spearhead of any recognizable heraldic type. As such, its identifiabilty and reproducability become extremely problematic. If he would resubmit with a standard heraldic broadarrow, pheon or spearhead, we will be pleased to reconsider this. 10/91

Lawrence Kelly. Device. Argent, a horseshoe inverted gules each end ensigned with a fool's cap sable.

Aside from its general shape, there is nothing to distinguish this horseshoe from the letter "U". [Ensigned with fool's caps, that would make this a "fooled U".] We would prefer to see some evidence that this is period style, rather than modern, before we register it. 10/91

Leif Tryggvason. Device. Gyronny arrondy of twelve argent and sable, an oak leaf counterchanged gules and argent.

The counterchanging of the leaf makes it extremely difficult to identify. 11/90

Leona Selotí. Name.

No support for the byname was given beyond a translation of the individual elements in it. Because the language is completely unfamiliar to all of the commenters in the College, we need to have even more complete and better documentation than would be the case for some other language, such as, say, Italian. 01/92

Leóna Selot. Name change from holding name of Leóna of Mons Tonitrus.

The byname would appear to be more accurately formed as Seloti. We would really prefer documentation that the formation of the byname is a common pattern in Yoruba. When this is resubmitted, we need some more information on when the "holding name" was formed, and/or what armory is registered under the holding name. 02/91

Levia Rhys y Llawgwen. Name.

While the LoI noted that Levia is "the submitters mundane Jewish given name" and that a conversion letter was attached for documentation, the only place that the name Levia appeared at all (besides the line marked "Society Name" on the client's form) was a single place on the conversion letter in Hebrew. We need documentation for Levia. Additionally, there appear to be some problems with the grammar of the Welsh byname. Proper construction would appear to drop the article "y", and appear as either Llawwen (which Lady Harpy noted "looks strange") or Llaw Wen (to avoid confusion with llawen, "cheerful"). 9/91

Liadain Gael. Device. Per bend sinister gules and azure, on a bend sinister between masks of comedy and tragedy argent, a vine throughout vert.

Conflict with Morganthe of Nordwachte, (SCA), Azure, on a bend sinister between a mask of tragedy and mask of comedy argent, a garden rosebud gules, slipped and leaved vert. There is a CVD for the field, but the change in type of the tertiary is not sufficient for the second. 05/91

Liam O'Foirbhithe. Device. Sable, an elephant between three escallops argent.

Conflict with 22nd East African Brigade (MilOrd #118), Sable, an elephant statant in trian aspect and trumpeting argent. There is only one CVD for the addition of the escallops, nothing for the minor changes in posture of the primary. 12/90

Lilliard Boudicea Devorguila. Device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, a seraph's head proper and a Celtic triquetrum brooch argent.

The Celtic triquetrum brooch has been returned in the past as being not reproducible from the blazon. 01/92

Linnet MacLeod. Device. Or, three piles in point gules, overall a bull's head cabossed sable.

Conflict with Bassett (Papworth, p. 1027), Or, three piles in point gules. There is one CD for the overall charge. 11/91

Linttrache, Barony of. Name change from Canton of Dun Or.

The "Barony of Dragon" does not make sense in German or English. At the very least it needs an article. As the clients allowed no changes, we are having to return this. 02/92

Lionel Gray the Gallant. Device. Per pale argent and azure, on a cross a lion rampant maintaining a sword, overall a bordure embattled counterchanged.

The name was registered on the July 1991 LoAR. The device is counterchanged within an inch of its life. Though of only two tinctures, the entire device is broken up into 19 pieces (the bordure into ten, the field into four, the cross into two and the lion and sword into three). And much of this counterchanging is across a complex line of division. The overall effect is simply to much. 11/91

Lisabetta Maria da Firenze. Device. Gyronny of four issuant from dexter chief argent and vert, three olive flowers argent in dexter gyron.

The placement of the flowers on a single portion of the gyronny field is very unusual and not Period style (see RfS VIII.4.d). 12/91

Little Brùsi of Dragon Vale. Device. Sable, three dragons volant conjoined in annulo Or.

There is no defined volant posture for quadrupeds. Furthermore, the problems which the commentors had in blazoning their posture at all is indicative of the non-heraldic nature of that posture. The arrangement of the dragons, nose to tail "in annulo", reduces their identifiability to an unacceptable level. If the client would use a standard heraldic posture.... 12/91

Llewelyn the Archer. Device. Per chevron azure and vert, a chevron fracted between two mullets of eight points and a tower Or.

The chevron is not drawn fracted as blazoned (truly fracted, the "broken" section's lower edge would touch the upper edge of the "unbroken" portions of the chevron). As drawn it is not really blazonable and thus not registerable. 05/91

Loch Salann, Barony of. Name for the Order of the Flower of Chivalry.

Conflict with the SCA, Order of Chivalry. Addition of an adjective is insufficient. 10/90

Loch Seasc, Shire of. Name and device. Barry wavy Or and gules, a phoenix argent within a laurel wreath vert.

Withdrawn by Lady Rampart. 02/91

Loch Seasc, Shire of. Name and device. Barruly wavy Or and gules, a phoenix argent within a laurel wreath vert.

The submitted name does not appear to have the meaning the submitters intend. Seashg means "barren, unprolific, dry; without milk". The "barren" here apparently refers to a cow. Might we suggest "tioram", which means "dry, arid, without moisture", which would aspirate with the locative particle to "Loch Thioram". As we cannot form holding names for groups, we are having to return the armory along with the name. 10/91

Loch Soilleir, Barony of. Badge. Vert, a sea-serpent in annulo head to chief and biting its own tail argent.

Submitted as Loch Soillier, and in the Armorial as Loch Solleir, the name was originally submitted and registered as Soilleir. Conflict with Elffin of Mona, Vert, an annulet rayonny on the outer edge argent and in chief a sword fesswise proper. There is one CD for removing the secondary. However, the sea-serpent in annulo biting its own tail is far to close to the annulet rayonny on its outer edge for the necessary second Difference. The head and tail on the sea-serpent amount to not much more than diapering. 11/91

Lochac, Principality of. Badge. Gules, a hind courant Or between three mullets of six points argent.

No forms were included for the submission. 12/91

Lochac, Principality of. Badge. [Fieldless] A wrought iron spoon palewise, bowl to base, sable.

No forms were included for the submission. 12/91

Lochac, Principality of. Badge. Argent, a piping beast rampant azure, maintaining between its sinister forepaw and its tailpaw a cascade of torteaux.

Given that the piping beast is registered only twice in the SCA (both registration dated August 1979 -- Can you say "Heraldicon"?), we do not believe this charge to be any more appropriate for registration than the many variant norse twisty beasties that have been disallowed. [It's cute, but....] 05/92

Lochmere, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Crab Claw. Argent, a sword gules maintained by a pair of crab claws azure.

Conflict with Dymock, Papworth, p. 1102), Argent, a sword in pale gules. There is one CVD for the addition of the crab claws. We were not entirely certain, but believe that blazoning the crab claws as a pair would reproduce the emblazon. 9/90

Lodric Wulfstan. Device. Sable, a winged wolf sejant affronty wings displayed argent.

Conflict with Eric Foxworthy, Sable, a winged fox rampant, wings addorsed argent, with only one CD for posture, and with Darcy Randolph, Sable, a bat-winged wolf sejant affronty between three mullets argent, with only one CD for removing the secondaries. 3/92

Logan Guille. Name.

All of the evidence is against Logan as a given name in period and does clearly show it as a surname. The submitter might consider one of the similar documented Gaelic given names: Lochan, Lohan, Ochene, Lochine, or Luachan. 04/91

Lora Anne the Silent. Badge. Per chevron inverted vert and Or.

Conflict with Hall (Papworth, p. 182) Per bend vert and Or, with Combwell (Papworth, p. 1001) Per pale Or and vert, and Barneis (Papworth, p. 1035) Quarterly Or and vert. In each case there is only one CVD for the change of the field division. 05/91

Loren of Blackthorn. (With Fiona Mairi MacQuarie) Name and badge for House Blackthorn Rose. [Fieldless] A rosebud azure, slipped and leaved sable, surmounted by a sword and a quill pen in saltire argent.

The name conflicts with the Order of the Rose. The badge is slot-machine heraldry, combining three disparate charges in a standard heraldic arrangement. 12/90

Lorenzo Orsini. Device. Azure, two stalks of wheat in saltire Or surmounted by a column argent entwined by a snake vert.

The snake in this position is unidentifiable as such. This design has the appearance of having three types of charge (column, wheat, and snake) in a standard heraldic arrangement (a sheaf), falling afoul of the complexity limits. (Laurel does not, however, buy the argument made that this is four layers - field, wheat, column, snake. We do not believe such an argument to be reasonable. A charge entwined about another is more like a held charge than it is a tertiary.) 02/92

Lorin MacKai. Name.

Lorin is documentable as word, but not as a name. Of the three previous instances of the registration of the name Lorin in the SCA, one was the submitter's legal given name, one had no documentation at all, and the third stated only that "Lorin is a variant of Lawrence". We need documentation of its use as a name before it can be registered. 04/91

Los Tigres Montañes, Colegio de. Name and device. Purpure, a tyger passant Or between three bezants charged with laurel wreaths sable.

Withdrawn by Lady Rampart. 02/91

Lothar of Chesleigh. Device. Per pale gules and Or, a morningstar and a flanged mace in saltire sable, a bordure embattled counterchanged.

The morningstar loses its identifiability against the low-contrast portion of the field. Were the two charges in saltire identical, this would be less problematic, but as it stands the eye expects both charges to be maces. 02/91

Lucan von Drachenklaue. Device. Sable, a dragon's gambe couped apaumy argent maintaining a pomme, and on a chief argent a viscounty coronet sable tipped with pearls gules.

As noted in the cover letter of December 2, 1984, and the LoAR of December 15, 1985, "There is no 'standard' viscomital coronet, either as a physical entity or an heraldic convention." Viscounts and Viscountesses may use the default heraldic coronet (a crown indented of three points) if they so choose. The pomme breaks tincture with the field, not being exactly "on" the dragons gambe but acting more like an overall charge. 11/91

Lughaid Cnuachd Dharaich mac Aonghuis Dhuibh. Device. Or, a raven reguardant sable statant atop a whelk fesswise reverse azure, in chief two crescents gules.

Conflict with Corbet (Papworth, p. 295), Or, a raven sable, as cited in the LoI. There is a CD for the addition of the crescents and whelk, but in the emblazon the whelk is not sufficiently large to allow us to count the whelk as a second primary, as requested in the LoI. 6/92

Luisa of the Willows. Badge. Per bend purpure and gules, a sword Or.

Conflict with Mikael of Monmouthshire, Per pale azure and gules a sword inverted palewise throughout Or. There is one CD for the field but nothing for inversion for the long skinny charge or for the slight difference between throughout and nearly throughout. 6/92

Lydia de la Mer. Device. Azure, on a chevron between three escallops argent, three estoilles azure, and a bordure argent.

Conflict with Moutrie (Papworth, p. 510) Azure, on a chevron between three escallops argent a boar's head couped sable enclosed by two mullets gules and a bordure of the second. There is only one CVD for the changes of the tertiaries. 10/91

Lynnea ap Peredur Caimbeul. Name and badge. [Fieldless] A sinister glove bend sinisterwise gules grasping three falcon tail feathers proper.

Lynnea is a post-period Swedish name from the surname Linnæus. Falcon tail feathers come in many colors and cannot be specified as "proper" without a species name. We have recently banned this "Linnæn" practice (armory which requires the Linnæan genus and species for reproduction of the emblazon). 11/91

Madawc Seumus Caradawg. Badge. [Fieldless] A wyvern passant to sinister Or.

Conflict with Steffan of the Dragon's Lair, Per fess embattled azure and Or masoned sable, in chief a dragon passant to sinister Or, and with Beltran of the Mount, Vair, a wyvern volent to sinister Or, maintaining a pomme charged with three fountains. Versus Steffan there is a CD for fieldlessness, but nothing for position on the field or for the difference between a wyvern and a dragon. (This overturns the precedent of December 1989, which granted a CD between the two charges on the bases of SCA historical distinction. It appears that the terms "dragon" and "wyvern" were used interchangeably throughout Europe through most of our period of study, and this distinction in the SCA does not appear to be well founded.) Versus Beltran, there is one CD for fieldlessness, but the posture of the two monsters is identical and removal of the maintained charge is insufficient to count for difference. 6/92

Madeleine Papillon. Device. Vert, a bend sinister between a butterfly and a sewing needle bendwise sinister Or.

Conflict with Mikhail Andreyevich Putnikov, Vert, a bend sinister between a bear passant and a lion rampant to sinister Or. There is only one CVD for the change to type of secondaries. 12/90

Madog Llewelyn. Change of name from Christopher of Gwenydd.

Conflict with Madog ap Llywelyn, who led a temporarily successful tax revolt in 1294 and styled himself as Prince of Wales. 11/91

Madrone, Barony of. Badge. Argent, a madrone tree eradicated gules, leaved vert, within a bordure gules.

Conflict with Watt (Papworth, p. 1116), Argent, on a mount vert a tree proper, a bordure gules, with one CVD only for the removal of the mount, and O'Connor (Papworth, p. 1112), Argent, an oak tree erased proper, with one CVD for the addition of the bordure. We did not find the difference between a red trunk and a brown trunk to be worth a CVD in either case. 12/90

Maechyll of Maelienydd. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sinister azure between a triangle inverted and a triangle sable, three Latin crosses palewise Or each charged with a rose gules.

The Welsh equivalent to Michael is Mihangel, not Maechyll. The given as submitted appears unlikely at best. The device is four layers which is not permitted, additionally it exceeds the rule of thumb for complexity of XIII.1.a with five tinctures and four types of charge. 9/91

Maelgwn ap Gruffyd. Name.

Conflict with Prince Maelgwn ap Gruffyd, who is cited in Bartrum's and in Giraldus Cambrensus. 7/91

Maeve Kelly de Navarre. Device. Argent, two peacocks close statant addorsed, tails in saltire, vert.

Conflict with Tannis of Tir-y-Don (SCA), Argent, a peacock passant reguardant bendwise proper. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the second peacock (which forces the change in position on the field of the one). The position of the bird in Tannis' device is nearly identical with the dexter one here. Versus Sieglinde von Krause (SCA), Argent, a peacock pavonated in base proper perched on a linden branch fesswise vert, there are CVDs for number of birds and for posture; Sieglinde's is much more vertically oriented. 12/90

Maeve ni Siurtain. Device. Or, on a chief doubly arched azure three crescents argent.

Conflict with Pikenham (Papworth, p. 571), Or, on a chief indented azure three crescents Or. Though blazoned on the LoI as "three crescents, two and one", the slight displacement of the center crescent on the chief is insufficient to count toward the necessary second CVD to clear this. A chief is not really a wide enough charge on which to place three charges "two and one". 10/90

Magelique of Attillium. Name.

Magel is a diminutive variant of the surname Mage. French practice does not appear to form a diminutive from a diminutive. Also, French normally forms a diminutive of this nature with -ette. 7/91

Magnus Boskin. Device. Per pale azure and argent, two demons statant addorsed counterchanged.

Conflict with Soren der Weiss (SCA), Per pale azure and argent, two griffins segreant addorsed counterchanged. The overwhelming similarities between the two types of "winged monsters", right down to their positions, were such that we do not feel that X.2 can be applied here. 04/91

Mair of Lew. Device. Per pale sable and azure, a sun argent between in dexter four mullets argent and in sinister four fish naiant contourny Or.

The use of two different kinds of charges this way is not really period style. 02/91

Malcolm Duncan MacEoghainn. Device. Per chevron sable and gules, a chevron Or between two rabbits statant to sinister playing bagpipes and a wall couped argent.

Conflict with Kazimierez Zdzislaw (SCA), Per chevron sable and gules, a chevronel Or between a point dexter conjoined with a point sinister and an eagle displayed argent, armed, langued, membered, and crowned with a maple leaf Or. There is one CVD, for the change of type of the secondaries. Additionally, walls are normally throughout, and are masoned as well as embattled. There was some question among the commenters as to how this should be blazoned. 8/90

Manfred von Schwarzwald. Name change from Manfred von dem Schwarzwald.

The Schwarzwald in German is not a generic "black wood", but is a specific and very well known place and requires the article. If we might suggest he could change the article von to vom, a contraction of von dem; a change we would have made had he allowed changes. 6/92

Marcus Andronicus. Device. Argent, on a flame gules an acorn argent charged with a goutte, all within a bordure purpure.

Although this was blazoned as an acorn enflamed, the visual reality is as reblazoned above. A good, proper, Period enflamed has a few gouttes of flame scattered around the edge of the charge being enflamed. Where the flame completely surrounds an object, that object is said to be "on a flame". As a consequence this device has four layers: field, flame, acorn, and goutte. 05/92

Marcus de Ceti. Name and device. Per fess engrailed argent and azure, in chief an orca salient to sinister proper.

Withdrawn by Lady Rampart. 02/91

Marcus Tanner of Coeur Cri. Device. Gules, upon a bend azure fimbriated Or, a tanner's knife argent.

No documentation was presented for the tanner's knife. Period artifacts used in SCA armory must be documented as period. Additionally, this conflicts with Leonberg (Woodward) Gules, a bend azure. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the "tanner's knife". 7/91

Maredudd Angharad ferch Gwenhyfar. Device. Erminois, a domestic cat rampant sable, maintaining in its dexter paw a crescent azure.

Conflict with Vaughan (Papworth, p. 75), Erminois, a lion rampant gules, and with Thorin Njalsson, Or, a lion rampant sable maintaining a claymore proper, with only one CVD in each case (one for the tincture of the primary, the other for tincture of the field). If the submitter were to move the crescent out of the cat's paw so that it became a separate secondary in and of itself rather than simply a held charge, this would clear both conflicts. 12/90

Margaret Blakesley. Device. Bendy of four argent and vert, a leopard's face jessant-de-lys counterchanged.

Whether blazoned this way or as "Per bend argent and vert, a bend counterchanged, overall a leopard's face jessant-de-lys counterchanged", the identifiability of the overall charge is severly reduced by the counterchanging, and has been cause for return before (LoAR of April 1990, p. 17). The submitter may wish to consider resubmitting her previous proposal, Per pale purpure and erminois, a natural leopard's face jessant-de-lys counterchanged, which under the new rules does not conflict with the badge for which it was returned in March 1989. 11/90

Margarete aus dem Schwarzwald. Name.

Conflict with the already registered Margaret von dem Schwarzwald. Changing the connecting article from von to aus is not enough. 9/91

Margarette Candace van Zanten. Name.

The submitter wishes to add Candace to her currently registered name, Margarette van Zanten. Unfortunately, no one could document Candace as other than a name which became a title for Ethiopian queens. We need evidence that it was used as a name in period by others before it can be registered. 7/90

Margarita Catherine di Calvi. Device. Or, six roses proper, a chief pean.

Visual conflict with Dancer (Papworth, p. 876), Or, six cinquefoils gules. There is one CVD, for the addition of the chief. The visual similarity between roses and cinquefoils is too strong to grant the second necessary CVD. 11/90

Maria Theresa Ipeñarrieta. Device. Vert, a mullet of five greater and five lesser points Or within five crescents in annulo, horns inward, their points conjoined to the greater points of the mullet, argent.

This is in conflict with Carvalho, Azure, a mullet of eight points Or within [and conjoined at the saltirewise points to] a lunel argent, as cited in Crescent's letter of response. 7/90

Marina Zanne. Device. Per pale gules and sable, two ram's heads respectant Or.

Conflict with Quentin Wrenguard ap Phys, (SCA) Azure, two ram's heads erased combattant Or. There is only one CVD for the changes to the field. 9/91

Marinus, Barony of. Badge for Award of the Marlin. Per pale vert and azure, a marlin naiant argent.

Conflict with Harborne (Papworth, p. 835), Gules, a fish naiant argent and with Visage (id.), Gules, a salmon in fess argent. There is one CVD for the field. We could not see giving another for type of fish. 8/90

Marinus, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Sea-Fan. Per pale vert and azure, a sea-fan argent.

Conflict with Nakajima (Hawley's Mon, p. 61), A military fan bendwise. There is one CVD for orientation of the charge, but nothing for tincture. Conflict also with Nakajima (Ibid.), A military fan within an annulet, with only one CVD for the addition of the annulet. 7/91

Marinus, Barony of. Badge for Marinus Novice School. Argent, on a cross formy vert, a splash issuant from a goblet Or.

No one was able to come up with a good blazon for the "splash" or "jet of water", rendering reproducibility of the design from the blazon unlikely. Additionally, there is a conflict with Sesongall (Papworth, p. 608), Argent, a cross paty vert. There is one CVD, for the addition of the tertiaries. 8/90

Marinus, Barony of. Name for Award of the Oar.

Conflict with the Order of the Wa'a Oar, registered to the Barony of the Western Seas. By V.1, addition (or removal) of an adjectival phrase is not sufficient to clear. 8/90

Marisela de Broyde. Badge. [Fieldless] A square knot of thorn azure.

Conflict with the famous badge of Bourchier: [Fieldless] A Bourchier knot. There is once CVD for fieldlessness, but nothing for tincture or the difference between rope and thorns. 10/91

Mark Lasie of Westminster. Augmentation of device. Per fess gules and sable, a saltire argent, as an augmentation, on an inescutcheon vert, stag's attires Or.

The augmentation as submitted violates RfS VIII.2.b.i. Overall charges must have good contrast with the field rather than with the charges they overlie. This is thus technically color on color. If the client would consider either placing the inescutcheon entirely on the saltire or reversing the tinctures of the augmentation, there should be no bar to registration. 05/92

Mark Lightburn. Badge. Azure, a torch Or, enflamed proper.

Exact conflict with the attributed arms of St. Aidan (Fabulous Heraldry #890), Azure, a torch Or enflamed proper. Conflict with the British 218th Brigade (MilOrd, p. 53), Sable, a cresset torch palewise Or, inflamed gules and the British 18th Artillery Training Brigade (MilOrd, p. 53), Per fess gules and azure, overall a torch inflamed all Or, with one CVD for the field. Also conflicts with Collins (Papworth, p. 1111), Azure, three torches Or, fired proper, with one CVD for the number of charges. 01/91

Mark Lightburn. Device. Azure, four mascles in bend sinister between a war hammer and a torch Or, enflamed proper, all within a double tressure argent.

With four types of charges and four tinctures, this is right at the upper limit of the rule of thumb for complexity. Given that most of the charges are then "voided", the thin-line aspects of this device are enough to push it over the edge into unacceptability. (In any resubmission, the double tressure, if retained, should be made much wider.) 01/91

Martin Mandrea. Device. Azure, within the horns of an increscent a rose argent.

Conflict with the Royal Burgh of Inverberbie (Public Heraldry, p. 119), Azure, a rose argent barbed and seeded proper, and the British 23rd Division (Military Ordinary, p. 27), Azure, a rose argent. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the crescent. In the case of Aoibheall Dylon, cited in the LoI, the sizes of the two charges were so disparate that the crescent overwhelmed the dragon and was visually the primary charge. Here, the size differential is such that the eye does not necessarily make the immediate evaluation that the crescent is the primary. In such a case, the charge at the visual center of the field will normally be so considered. 12/90

Mary Wood of Hamfield. Device appeal of Laurel return. Vert, two mascles interlaced in pale Or.

Conflict with Clarissa Elana de Perrenoud (SCA), Vert, four mascles conjoined in cross, pometty at all points Or. There is one CVD for the number of mascles, but nothing for their arrangement, interlaced vs. conjoined, or the change from pometty at the points. (A visual check of Clarissa's device showed the rounding of the points to be relatively minor.) 01/91

Maschio dei Normanni Il. Name and device. Argent, an elephant statant fettered and bearing a castle and on a chief gules three laurel wreaths argent.

The problem with this name is the designator Maschio. The primary meanings in the submitters own documentation are "male, manly, masculine, virile". Several commenters had questions regarding its propriety as an alternate designator for "stronghold". We would have registered this as Stronghold dei Normanni, and left the determination of the alternate designator "maschio" to the College at a later date, but as the submitters permitted no changes whatsoever to the name, we are having to return this in its entirety. 10/91

Matilda Bosvyle de Bella Acqua. Name.

Neither the byname nor the locative match the client's documentation. In particular, the addition of the "c" in "acqua" does not appear to have any rationalization. Since the client would not allow changes before being contacted we are having to return this submission for additional documentation supporting these spellings or permission to modify the spellings to match her documentation. 11/91

Matthew the Humble. Name.

Conflict with the submitter's legal name, Matthew Humble. Society names should not be the same as the members' legal names. (See Administrative Handbook, Protected Items I.) Addition of the article "the" is insufficient. (See RfS, V.4.) Addition of a given, surname, adjective or adjectival phrase would clear this. 01/91

Maxim Davidovich Krasny. Device. Per bend vert and bendy Or and gules, a mullet Or.

Conflict with US 60th Artillery Regiment (Military Ordinary #1090), Per fess embattled sable and gules in sinister chief a star Or. There is one CVD for the field. 08/91

Meadhbh ní Ruaidh ó Chonnemara. Device. Argent, a hedgehog statant proper and on a chief vert a mortar and pestle between a decrescent and an increscent argent.

Conflict with Elizabeth Severn (SCA), Argent, an urchin statant proper, on a chief vert three trefoils Or. There is only one CVD, for the changes to the tertiaries. 11/90

Medeni ferch Tanarian. Name.

Tanarian was registered in January 1983 as made-up Welsh from Tan = fire and Arian = silver. Given its registration and Welsh formation, we felt that it was not inappropriate to allow it to the submitter as the matronymic particle matches the language of her "mother's" SCA given name. However, information has been received that Medeni is a dog (specifically, a Welsh corgi). The SCA does not register names for non-humans. We will require proof of Medeni's human status before we can register this name. 01/91

Medhbh O'Duibhdabhoireann of Clontarf. Badge. [Fieldless] A reremouse argent.

Conflict with Komori Yamamoto (Hawley's Mon, p. 57), (Dark), a bat (light). There is one CD for fieldlessness, but tincture cannot count for the second. 6/92

Megan Maria Griffinstar. Name change from Megan Maria Gonzaga and device change. Per fess wavy azure and argent, an orchid and a griffin sejant erect maintaining between its foreclaws an estoile of eight rays counterchanged.

Griffinstar is not a reasonable locative or geographical surname. Orchids come in far too many different shapes for reproducibility of the emblazon from the blazon, or for the blazon to adequately describe the emblazon. (There was also some evidence that the type of orchid drawn here is a post-period variant.) 02/91

Meghan of Caer Daibhidh. Device. Sable, a rose, slipped and distilling a gout and a base arched and indented argent.

Technical conflict with Frytha MacPhee (SCA), Sable, a bat-winged wolf sejant guardant and a base enarched indented argent. There is clearly a CVD for the change in type of primary, but the presence of the base prevents X2 from applying. The gout is really too small to use for difference. This may clear under Laurel's proposal for modifying X2 (see Cover Letter). If this is resubmitted, please make sure that she draws the base with about 1/3 as many indents which are 2-3 times as large. 9/90

Meghan Ruadh nic Guinne. Device. Per pale vert and azure, a chevron between three mullets argent.

Conflict with a number of English coats (Papworth, pp. 459-461), [Field], a chevron between three mullets argent. There is only one CVD, for the change to the field. 04/91

Melbrigda bena Cato. Name and device. Per saltire gules and Or, four ermine tails within a bordure urdy counterchanged.

The byname is improperly constructed. It contains mixed languages that do not appear to have combined this way in period. (Also, according to Lord Dragon the particle should be "ben" rather than "bena".) On the device (since we were having to return the name anyway), the urdy should have points going into the bordure as well as out from the bordure. As drawn it is currently a cross between urdy and embattled. 3/92

Melisande of the Gryphon Wood. Device. Sable, a griffin sejant to sinister reguardant and on a chief Or three pine trees vert all within a bordure Or.

As has been stated many times in the past, Society practice follows the general rule, not the anomoly. While Lord Brigantia did find one instance of a mundane coat of arms which had a bordure and chief of the same tincture, the general rule appears to be that while bordures and chiefs are sometimes found, they are of different tinctures, and frequently have differing lines of division to further differentiate them. This is therefore returned for having the chief and bordure of the same tincture. 11/91

Meriel of Tay. Device. Vert, on a lozenge argent, a teasel slipped and leaved azure.

Conflict with Maelen of Catcott (SCA), Purpure, on a lozenge argent a forget-me-not blossom proper. There is a CVD for the field, but the differences to type and partial tincture of the flowers is too small to carry this clear. 9/90

Merit-Ankht-Sekeret neth Yunit-ta-Netert. Name.

We need more evidence that this name follows proper Egyptian syntax to determine whether or not the name is properly formed. While the name appears to be constructed of some valid elements, it is unclear that they are assembled correctly. No evidence was presented to demonstrate a pattern of naming practice with which the byname conforms, and the placename is not documented as to proper construction, grammar, or as a practice in Egyptian. We need documentation on all of these aspects of the name before we can register it.

While a number of commenters argued that ancient Egypt (and ancient Egyptian names) is outside the scope of the Society, unless and until the Board of Directors places an early cutoff date, we must continue to consider names such as this one as legitimate submissions. 05/92

Merle le Petit. Name.

The evidence indicates that Merle was a surname and epithet in period, not a given name. 9/90

Michael Caywyne de Northumberland. Device. Per chevron nebuly sable and purpure, in base a tower argent.

The complex line of division on the large emblazon was impossible to define at any distance. The very best we could tell was that it was not a plain line of division. RFS VIII.3 requires that all armorial elements be identifiable. The complex line of division here is not. 3/92

Michael Joseph La Mano Dolce. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a tiger-headed torque, heads to base, Or striped sable.

Conflict with Le Valet au Cercle d'Or (Fabulous Heraldry p. 8), Purpure, a golden circlet banded sable. There is only one CVD for the change to the tincture of the field. 9/91

Michael Saint Sever. Device. Per pale vert and sable, three lions passant guardant in pale within a bordure Or.

Conflict with Holland (Papworth, p. 175), Gules, three leopards passant guardant in pale within a bordure Or. There is only one CVD, for the changes to the field. 7/91

Michael the Freesword. Device. Per pall azure, gules and vert, three horses' heads conjoined at the neck argent.

RfS VIII.2.b.v requires that elements divided into three tinctures to have good contrast between two of their parts. A field per pall of three colors is not a legal combination. 02/91

Michelle Almy. Device. Or, a bird displayed, head facing sinister, azure and in chief a chaplet of ivy vert.

Conflict with Carnegie (Papworth, p. 301), Or, an eagle displayed azure. There is only one CVD for the addition of the chaplet in chief. It was felt that we could not in good conscience grant a CVD for the difference between a generic bird and an eagle. 04/91

Michelle Almy. Device. Or, a bluebird displayed proper, head to sinister, and in chief a chaplet of ivy vert.

Conflict with Carnegie (Papworth, p. 301) Or, an eagle displayed azure. The only difference between this proposal and the previous one which was returned for conflict with Carnegie, is the blazon: That one was blazoned as a bird displayed azure. Since that proposal and this one are identical, changing the blazon generates no additional difference to clear. 3/92

Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge for Award of the Dragon's Teeth. Argent, on a dance between two broken dragon's teeth vert another argent.

The "dragon's teeth" here are not really identifiable as such. (They don't even match the form used in the emblazon for the Middle's Award of the Dragon's Tooth. Were the emblazon here redrawn so that the teeth matched, Laurel would be obliged to register the charge(s).) 3/91

Middle, Kingdom of the. Name for Award of the Dragon's Flight.

Conflict with Dragonflight, by Anne McCaffrey, the first book of the well-known Dragonrider trilogy. 3/91

Middle Kingdom. Badge for Award of the Dragon's Teeth. Or, on a saltire vert eight dragon's teeth Or.

Conflict with Ould (Papworth, p. 1059), Or, a saltire vert. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the tertiaries. 10/90

Middle Kingdom. Name for Award of the Dragon's Pheons.

Conflict with the East Kingdom's Order of the Pheons. Addition of an adjective is insufficient for awards and orders. 10/90

Middle Kingdom. Title for Pavis Herald.

Conflict with Pavis, a well-known place in the game world of Glorantha [RuneQuest]. As noted in the LoAR of June 1990, p. 14, "Given the popularity of D&D in the Society, we feel that we really must protect these entities." 7/91

Middle Kingdom. Title for Salford Herald.

SCA heraldic titles taken from real-life places fall under the Prohibition of Landed Titles. (See also the return of Ansteorra's proposed Bofors and Oerlikon in the November 1990 LoAR). 01/91

Mikael Colquhoun. Name.

The pronounciation of the SCA is insufficiently different from the submitter's mundane to be considered registerable by the College (Administrative Handbook, Protected Items I). If the submitter would consider nearly any change (for instance adding "de" in front of Colquhoun), this would be sufficient. 7/91

Mikhail Alexandrovitch Kotov. Device. Azure, three bendlets sinister argent, and overall a tyger passant contourny Or.

Conflict with US Third Division, (Military Ordinary 277) Azure, three bendlets sinister argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the overall charge. 7/91

Mikhail Andreyevich Putnikov. Device change. Or, a three-headed, one affronty, five tailed, bird-winged dragon volant gules.

Conflict with Dragomanni (Woodward p. 100) Or, a dragon gules. It could reasonably be argued that the cumulative changes to the number of heads and tail plus the type of wings could allow as much as one CD. However, we need two. 11/91

Mikhail Andreyevich Putnikov. Device change. Or, a three-headed dragon and a bordure gules.

Conflict with Dragmanni (Woodward, p. 100), Or, a dragon gules. There is a CD for the addition of the bordure but nothing for changing the number of heads or tails. 4/92

Mikhail of Lubelska. Device. Per pale gules and azure, a griffin's head erased and a chief of mail Or.

Previous submissions of ordinaries of mail (a pall, a bend sinister) have been justified on the basis of period examples of ordinaries of chain (most notably Navarre, with a cross, saltire and orle of chain, all conjoined). That analogy does not apply here. One could have a chain fesswise in chief. One could not have a chief of chain. 06/91

Mikhail the Varangian. Device. Argent, a bend gules between a Russian Orthodox cross sable and a boot reversed gules, all within a bordure sable.

Conflict with Fannell (Papworth, p. 211), Argent, a bend gules within a bordure sable. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. 01/91

Miles d'Eath. Device. Or, four swords fretted sable.

Conflict with West, Kingdom of, Badge for the Royal Archer (SCA), Or, four arrows fretted sable, barbed gules. There is one CVD, for changing the arrows to swords. 3/91

Minami Aometora. Badge. Sable, on a fan argent, a lozenge sable.

Conflict with Satake Yoshinobu (Hawley, p. 59) On a fan, a roundel. Since mon are tinctureless there is one CVD for fieldlessness but not a second for the change to type only of the tertiary. 05/91

Minniken the Merry. Name.

No documentation was presented to demonstrate that Minniken was used as a name, only that it is a word. 10/90

Miriam bat Yehuda. Device. Azure, semy of roses, a lion rampant argent and in chief a county coronet Or.

Conflict with Holland (Papworth, page 71) Azure, seme of 5-foils, a lion rampant guardant argent. There is a CVD for the addition of the crown but nothing for the difference between seme of roses and seme of cinquefoils. Versus Alan (Papworth, page 71) Azure, a lion rampant argent, crowned Or, there are CVDs for the addition of the seme and for enlarging the crown and moving it away from the lion so that it becomes an obvious secondary charge. 05/91

Miriam de Xaintrailles. Device. Azure, on a bezant crested a lioness dormant sable.

Wavy crested as a line of division has not been allowed for years. Conflict with Lothian (Papworth, p. 1100), Azure, a sun Or. There is one CVD for the addition of the beast. Additionally the large emblazon had the lion as brown instead of sable. 08/91

Miriel d'Estoile. Badge. Per fess wavy azure and barry wavy argent and azure, in chief a compass star, a bordure argent.

Technical conflict with Alfric Northwind, Azure fretty, a compass star within a bordure argent. There is only one CD for the changes to the field. 6/92

Miriel d'Estoille. Badge. Azure, in chief a compass star and in base three barrulets wavy argent.

Conflict with Browning (Papworth, p. 38), Azure, three bars wavy, with one CVD for the addition of the compass star. 8/90

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Device for the Baroness' Arms. Argent, between in chief two piles in point sable, five fleurs-de-lys in annulo, points outward, vert, in base three chevronels braced sable.

Lady Harpy has stated it best: "The Baroness of Mons Tonitrus has arms already - they are the arms of the Barony! A Barony does not have a "sovereign" and "consort". (We ignore, for the moment, Palatine Baronies - which are another matter altogether.) A Baroness holds her lands from the Crown, just as a Baron does. If a Barony has both a Baron and Baroness they jointly hold it from the Crown with equal rights and responsibilities. Let us not try to force Baronies into the same mold as Kingdoms and Principalities. Their heads are chosen differently and symbolize something different. To assign arms to a territorial Baroness that are different from the arms of the Barony is to say that she is not a "real" ruler of the Barony but merely an appurtenance to the Baron. This is not my understanding of the status of a Baroness (and would, in my opinion, be an insult to territorial Baronesses everywhere)." There is no reason for, and appear to be compelling reasons against, registration of separate arms for the Baron and Baroness of a Barony. 4/92

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Sable Chevronels of Mons Tonitrus. Argent, three chevronels interlaced sable and in chief a pellet.

Conflict with Hedworth (Papworth, p. 549), Argent, three chevronels braced sable, with one CVD for the addition of the roundel. Conflict also with Cleborne (Papworth, p. 551), Argent, three chevronels braced and a chief sable, with one CVD for changing the chief to a roundel. 01/91

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Silver Thunderbolt of Mons Tonitrus. Sable, a thunderbolt within a bordure argent.

Conflict with Eadgar de Cockayne, Vert, a thunderbolt within a bordure argent, registered in this LoAR. There is only one CVD, for the change to the field tincture. 01/91

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Name for Order of the Defenders of Mons Tonitrus.

While there appears to be no problem with the order name, no forms were included with the submission and Laurel's administrative assistant missed it when the packet was processed. This will need to be resubmitted with the proper forms. 4/92

Mons Tonitrus, March of. Badge for Order of the Sable Chevronels. Per fess sable and argent, three chevronels braced counterchanged, on a chief argent, a pellet.

This is being returned for redrawing. The per fess line, as drawn here, has only the very tips of the chevronels in the upper half of the field. Such a division is not period style, and with the chief makes the armory appear to be an oddly divided and charged field. 01/92

Mooneschadowe, Shire of. Badge. [Fieldless] A grenade proper.

Conflict with US Army Ordinance Corp, A grenade sable. There is a CVD for fieldlessness, but the change in tincture of the flame is not a big enough change for the second. 7/91

Moonstone, Shire of. Release of name.

It is not within the power or jurisdiction of the Triton Principal Herald and the crown of Atlantia to release the name of a group in Emporia, Kansas (Calontir). [Irreverent comment from Laurel: Oops!] 3/92

Morgan Alanna Morcheartaigh. Badge change. Sable, two mermaids displayed proper, crined auburn, tailed argent, maintaining between them a sword proper, the dexter maintaining in dexter hand a pot of gold, and the sinister in sinister hand a lantern Or, illuminated argent.

While the submitter has every right to change her badge, we need to have a new emblazon form to do it, as the one in the files clearly shows the mermaids to be blonde. 10/90

Morgan Bloodaxe. Device. Azure, three broadaxes interchangeably posed, the palewise axe inverted and edged to sinister Or, a base per fess ingrailed Or and gules.

"Interchangeably posed" is not a meaningful blazon term. None of the commenters could come up with a good blazon which adequately described the relationship of the axes here. We believe that dividing a base this way is not Period style. 02/92

Morgan de Grey. Name appeal.

Part V of the Rules for Submission states "Names need to be distinguished from each other both in there written form and when heard in announcements." Morgan and Morton, de and the, are not sufficiently distinguishable when heard in announcements. RfS V.4.a. notes that spelling variants, however radical, which do not substantially change the pronunciation are not sufficient for difference, and then gives the example of "Friederich" and "Vrydrich", a large difference in spelling and the loss of a syllable, but insufficient for difference. A number of commenters appear to believe that if two names are derived from different roots, then they do not conflict no matter how much alike they may sound when pronounced. If I may quote Lord Batonvert: "It has absolutely nothing to do with any linguistic connections between the names; if they sound to similar, they conflict, and their etymology is irrelevant." 9/91

Morgan de Grey. Name and badge for House Gryphonstar. [Fieldless] A mullet of eight points argent surmounted by a griffin's head erased vert.

The household name conflicts with the title of Star Principal Herald (Ansteorra). The addition of the adjective "gryphon" is insufficient. The badge, which would more properly be blazoned "a mullet of eight points argent, charged with a griffin's head erased vert", conflicts with Ellen of Winterbourne, Gyronny azure and vert on a mullet of eight points argent an eagle's head erased gules beaked sable, Astra Christiana Benedict, [Fieldless] On a mullet a cross-crosslet, and Thomasina MacGregor, Azure, on a mullet of six points throughout argent a Scottish thistle proper. In each case there is one CD for the fieldless difference, but X.4.j.ii does not apply to tertiaries on mullets, nor is there any difference for the various number of points to the mullets. 01/92

Morgan de Grey. Name.

Aural conflict with the registered name of Morton the Grey. The differences between the "g" of Morgan and "t" of Morton did not pass what Laurel has come to call the "Ali/Auda" test, and that g/t difference is the only real aural change between the two names. 01/91

Morgan Étienne ap Gwynedd. Name and device. Sable, a saltire dovetailed gyronny Or and argent, overall on a flame proper a heart fracted argent.

The spelling Gynedd in the LoI was a typo; however, Gwynedd is a placename and not a personal name and thus unsuitable for use in a patronymic. (The submitter's documentation was a citation of Prince Madog ab Owain Gwynedd. He mistakenly dropped Owain, not realizing that Gwynedd is a locative.) The device is four layers and therefore too complex. Additionally, the saltire gyronny of two metals is not allowed by VIII.2.b.iv. 06/91

Morgan ferch Cennyd. Badge. Sable, on a hawk's head erased argent a goutte de sang, all within an orle of wake knots conjoined argent.

The orle of wake knots conjoined falls under the ban on the use of knotwork in effect since at least July 1979. 6/92

Morgan Frederic Ward. Name for Household of Dragon's Thorn.

Technical conflict with Thornhold per RfS V.3. Addition of the adjective does not clear this. 06/91

Morgan O'Breen. Device. Sable, three eyes argent, pupiled gules.

Conflict with British Guards Armor Division, Sable, an eye argent. There is only one CD for the number of the primary charge(s). 4/92

Morgana Gwyn d'Argenton. Badge. [Fieldless] An urchin statant guardant upon a juniper branch proper.

Conflict with Francois Lagrosseteste de Lamorlaye, Checky vert and argent, a hedgehog statant sable. There is one CD for the fieldlessness, but we did not feel that we could in good conscience grant a second for brown and black versus black. Additionally, a number of commenters questioned whether this was an overuse of the term proper. Given that we had to be told in the LoI which tinctures to use, I tend to agree. 01/92

Morganna de Belvedere. Device. Argent, a chevron azure between two pheons sable and a fleur-de-lis gules.

Conflict with Burghepe (Papworth, p. 372), Argent, a chevron azure. There is one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. Versus Thomas of the Pines (Argent,m a chevron azure between three pine trees sable) and Eadmund of Pendlesweald (Argent, a chevron azure between three oak trees eradicated sable, fructed argent), there are two CVDs; one for changing the type of secondaries and another for changing the tincture of one-half (as defined, see the Cover Letter with the LoAR for August 1990) of the secondaries. 9/90

Morganna of Griffin's Tower. Device change. Per pale Or and purpure, a griffin segreant within a bordure embattled, both per pale gules and argent.

Listed on the LoI as a device correction on the basis that the consulting mixed up the tinctures, the color emblazon in Laurel's files matches the registered blazon in the Armorial and Ordinary. If she wishes to change them, she must submit a device change with a new emblazon form and the appropriate fees. 05/92

Morwynna Cryw. Badge. A grey heron close contourny holding in its beak an oak sprig inverted proper (Ardea cinerea).

Conflict with Tearlach the Unwashed, Bendy sinister Or and sable, a stork statant to sinister argent, beaked and membered gules. As Master Baldwin noted in the case of Aeruin ni hEarain o Chonnemara (LoAR 10 November 1985, p. 1), "the Grey Heron is winged and tailed grey, breasted and throated argent, and crested and marked sable; basically, it is argent marked sable." This is supported further by Roger Tory Peterson's A Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe (pp. 8 and 27). Thus there is only one CVD here, for fieldlessness. 12/90

Moses von dem Falken. Device. Argent chaussé, an angel displayed azure.

Conflict with Cressell (Papworth, p. 1023), Azure, on a pile argent three crescents in pale proper. The difference between a pile and chaussé is blazonable, but is worth nothing in terms of difference. (Just as Master Baldwin counted no difference between chapé, a pile inverted, and per chevron throughout. See LoAR 8 June 1986, p. 6) There is thus only one CVD here, for the change in type and number of the tertiary charges. 12/90

Muirdeach of Carrigart. Badge. [Fieldless] A Celtic cross Or.

Conflict with Pagan le Chaunster, [Fieldless] An equal armed Celtic cross Or, registered April 1992. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but that is all. 05/92

Myrddina O Duir of the Whisper Wood. Name.

Myrddina appears to be an incorrectly feminized form of the Welsh Myrddin. O Duir appears to be incorrectly formed either in Welsh (the purported language) or Gaelic: the Welsh would appear to be "o'r Ddâr" and the Gaelic to be "na Duir". Whisper Wood does not appear to be formed by any standard locative naming practice that any of the commenters could find. The biggest problem, however, is the combination of a Merlin-variant name with of the oak in any language is an excessive reference to the Merlin of Arthurian legend. 05/92

Nafisah bint I'shaqi. Name and device. Sable, a camel statant within a bordure argent.

The patronymic should be al-I'shaqi ("the Easterner") since I'shaqi is not a given name, but as the submitter's forms allowed no changes, we could not correct the grammar. (In spite of what the submitter said the name means, "bint" is "daughter of".) The device conflicts with Camel (Papworth, p. 58), Sable, a camel passant argent. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the bordure. 01/91

Nafisah bint I'sharqui. Name.

The submitter's appeal boiled down to using a highly eccentric spelling in order to approximate pronunciation of the byname. Standard orthography would transliterate "the Easterner" as al-Sharqi or al-Sharki. To keep the pronunciation as close to the Arabic as possible, it would normally be transliterated as ash-Sharqi or ash-Sharki. Since, as noted in the original return, as the submitter allows no changes we cannot correct the transliteration to one of the generally accepted systems to register the name. (Lord Laurel understands the objections of those commenters who note that the Administrative Handbook requires a summarization of supporting evidence to be included in the LoI. However, after reading through the submitter's documentation, had I been Lady Aten I'm not sure I would have known how to summarize it, either.) 9/91

Nasir Abd-al-Kaniel. Name.

No documentation was submitted supporting the translation of "kaniel" as meaning spear (and it doesn't show up in any of Lord Laurel's dictionaries). 9/91

Nathaniel Constantine of Saxony. Badge. Per pale erminois and counterermine, a mullet of four points per pale sable and argent.

Conflict with Eleanor Leonard, [Fieldless] A mullet of four points distilling a gout. There is one CD for fielded versus fieldless, but that is all. 11/91

Needham Bledsoe. Name and device. Per chevron wavy azure and gules, a sow statant erect, the near hind leg couped, argent.

Rule II.4 states that "elements of a submitters name may be used as the corresponding part of a Society name." The subtext goes on to explain that "corresponding elements are defined by their type, not solely their position in the name." The submitter's middle name, Needham, is a surname by type. It may not therefore be used as a given name in the SCA. On the device, in addition to the non-period "couping" of the hind leg, which complicates the identifiabilty of the pig's position, this is in conflict with Eyre (Papworth, p. 58), Gules, a boar salient argent, collared and chained Or, and with Henena (Woodward Ordinary p. 8), Or, a boar rampant argent. 10/91

Nethaniel Strathearn. Device. Azure, two chevronels cotised Or, in base a tyger passant argent.

Several commenters questioned whether there was any documentation for cotising multiple ordinaries. Without such documentation we are hesitant to introduce yet another post-Period practice into SCA Heraldry. 08/91

Nial Cinnsealach. Device. Sable, two swords inverted in saltire Or surmounted by a sun argent eclipsed sable and in cast a compass star Or.

Withdrawn by Lady Aten. 11/91

Niall Duncan MacFarlane. Device. Vert, a dragon rampant to sinister playing bagpipes argent and upon a chief sable a saltire argent.

Withdrawn by Lady Triton on her 8 May 1991 letter. 7/91

Niall Duncan MacFarlane. Device. Checky sable and argent, on a chief azure a saltire argent.

Conflict with St. Lis, Or, on a chief azure, two saltires argent. There is a CVD for the field, but nothing for the change of number only of the tertiary charge(s). 08/91

Niamh nic Cháirthinn. Device. Argent, a tree blasted and eradicated, a chief vert.

Conflict with Baretrey, (Papworth, p. 1112), Argent, on a mount in base a branched tree vert. There is one CD for the change to type of secondary but nothing between a tree blasted and eradicated and a branched (leafless) tree. 05/92

Nicholaa Kelton. Device. Argent, a fret conjoined in saltire with four mice tergiant sable, on a chief vert two pairs of needles crossed in saltire Or.

The large number of suggested reblazons for the primary on this device (including a "fret vermined") is indicative of its non-Period style. We have seen no evidence at all for a fret terminating in a beast of any kind. On any resubmission the client should be aware of the Barony of Altavia, Argent, a fret sable and on a chief vert, a laurel wreath argent, for conflicts. 08/91

Nicholas von Winterbach. Device. Per bend rayonny purpure and argent, two ravens displayed counterchanged, a bordure compony argent and gules.

A bordure compony sharing a tincture of the field has not been allowed for several years now. 12/90

Nicolas di Francesco. Device. Per chevron Or and per pale sable and vert, two bunches of grapes purpure and a Jerusalem cross argent.

While this is technically within the Rule of Thumb for charge types and tinctures, dividing part of a divided field with a different line of division pushes it over the edge of acceptable period style. 11/90

Niethanial Konstantine of Saxony. Name and device. Sable, in pale a billet fesswise Or charged with an ivy vine sable and a mullet of four points argent.

Submission withdrawn by Lady Aten in her LoI of February 12. 04/91

Nigel of the Bloodrose. Name.

No documentation was presented for the byname. (The submission form noted that the name was "English - Documentation attached". No such documentation was forwarded to Laurel.) A number of commenters wanted to know what a "bloodrose" is, and a number found it to be implausible. We will need documentation for its formation and style before we can accept it for registration. 3/92

Nikolai Falassievich Osetrov. Device. Azure, a sturgeon hauriant bendwise argent within a bordure wavy quarterly sable and argent.

Conflict with Giede (Woodwards Ordinary, p. 69), Azure, a pike in bend argent. There is one CD for the addition of the bordure. There is no Difference for the change from a pike to a sturgeon. 12/91

Nikolai Grigorovich Nabokov. Device change. Sable, on a fess between a dragon passant and a unicorn rampant Or, a saltire couped swallowtailed gules voided of a cross bottony fitchy.

First, this is a device change and not a resubmission. Without the necessary fee, this cannot be considered. Secondly, this is indeed four layers. As Parker notes on page 607, "voiding involves a larger aperture, and one following the outline of the charge." That makes the cross here a quaternary charge, disallowed in SCA armory. This is also right at the very limit of the rule of thumb for complexity with five types of charge and three tinctures. 12/91

Nordskogen, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Heliotrope. Or, a heliotrope palewise affronty between two others addorsed conjoined in base purpure slipped and leaved vert.

Conflict with Lowri Amarawd o'r Maes (SCA), Or, a basil flower purpure, slipped and leaved vert, with one CVD for change of number, and with Sharon de Mattos da Silveria (SCA), Argent, chapé ployé azure, a sprig of three roses of Sharon flowers purpure, slipped and leaved vert, with one CVD for field. 8/90

Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Badge for The Coill's Champion. Per chevron Or and vert, a wake knot vert issuing from the line of division and a sword Or.

Conflict with Jacques de Telaron, Per chevron Or and vert, in chief a morningstar fesswise and in base a sword counterchanged. There is only one CVD for the change to type of charge in chief. 06/91

Novia the Widow. Device change. Argent vêtu sable, a black widow spider proper between in cross four hourglasses gules.

This is not a blazon correction, but a device change, for which we must receive the appropriate fee. Additionally, to show the (color on color) red hourglass marking, the spider must be blazoned as displayed. 12/91

Novia the Widow. Blazon change. Argent vêtu sable, a black widow spider proper between in cross four hourglasses gules.

The emblazon sheet does not show a red hourglass on the spider, thus we cannot "correct" the blazon. 06/91

Odd Grimsson. Device. Or, a sheaf of arrows inverted and on a chief embattled vert a woodsman's axe Or.

The combination of name and sheaf of three arrows is too evocative of Arrow-Odd, son of Grim Hairy-Cheek Troutsson, who had a sheaf of three magic arrows called Gusir's Gifts. That Arrow-Odd is usually referred to as "Odd Grimsson" only adds to the problem. 04/91

Odille le Sage. Badge for Maison du Chat Combattant. Per pale purpure and gules, a cat herissony guardant, belled argent.

Conflicts with Neale (Papworth, p. 91), Per pale sable and gules a lion statant argent; Sir Guy Astley (Papworth, p. 7), Azure, a lion passant guardant argent; Delamare (Papworth, p. 76), Gules, a lion passant guardant argent, and Norfolk and Cambridge District (Military Ordinary #181), Sable, a lion passant guardant in adumbration, argent. In each case there is a CVD for the field but nothing for the minor changes in posture and minor change in type of the kitty. 08/91

Óengus Mac Mhíolchon. Device. Argent, a gurges azure and overall on a sinister gore sable a norse suncross argent.

This is four layers (field, gurges, gore, suncross). There is serious doubt as to whether peripheral charges (e.g., bordures, chiefs, gores, etc.) may be used as an overall charge in this manner. Certainly we would much prefer to see some evidence of its acceptability in Period before registering it in the SCA. 02/92

Ofelia della Crusca. Badge. [Fieldless] A frog tergiant vert spotted Or.

Conflict with Fröschl (Woodward, p. 279), Gules, a frog paleways proper. There is only one CVD for fieldlessness. 08/91

Ognyen Fenlander. Device. Gules, five annulets two, one, and two interlaced within a bordure engrailed Or.

As drawn on the emblazon sheet the bordure is far too skinny but the real problem is that the annulets are drawn as sable fimbriated Or. Also, conflict with Bracer (Papworth, page 6) Gules, six annulets embraced Or, two, two, and two. There is a CVD for the addition of the bordure but the difference in arrangement derives directly from the difference in number; X.4.g. grants no difference for five versus six charges. 05/91

Olaf Skytja. Device. Sable, seme of pheons inverted argent, a pheon inverted Or.

Conflict with Edmund Schaffer Baumgardner (Fabulous Heraldry, #781), Sable, an arrow head inverted Or. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the semy. An additional problem is one pointed out by Mistress Alisoun in a return of a device using a major charge with a semy of the same charge: "Such a differentiation is not period style: the size of strewn charges could vary widely in a period emblazon as necessary to suit the design." Some commenters pointed out cases of "... crusilly ... a cross", but even here there is generally a significant change in the type of cross between the semy and the primary. The fact that he uses a different tincture here for the primary versus the semy helps a little, but it is not enough. 9/90

Olaf Svensson. Name.

Conflict with Olaf Sweynsson, King of Denmark in 1086. 10/90

Olivia Xiména de Cabezón. Device. Sable, chapé ployé plumetty Or and vert, a harp Or.

There are a number of conflicts: Ireland, Azure, a harp Or; David, Azure, a harp Or; SCA Ministry of the Arts, Purpure, an Irish harp Or; Meridies Companionate of Bards, Vair, a harp Or; and Lanschaden and Steinach, Sable, a harp Or. Since the SCA considers chapé to be a field division, there is only one CVD in each case for the change to the field. 7/90

One Thousand Eyes, Barony of. Name for Order of the Reflection of the Dream of One Thousand Eyes. 11/90

One Thousand Eyes, Barony of. Name for Order of the Materiam Superbat Opus.

First, The proper Latin should be Opus Materiam Superat. Second, it is a sentence, not a name. "The work exceeds the material" would make a nice motto but it is not a name for an order. 06/91

Oriana the Fair. Device. Or, two horses forseny salient addorsed sable.

Conflict with the city of Stuttgart (Seidmacher, 225), Or, a horse salient sable. There is one CD for the addition of the second horse. Versus Mary of Tamar, cited in the LoI, Or, two levriers rampant addorsed sable, it is not at all clear that X.2 does apply between the two types of beast as stated in the LoI. However, the conflict with Stuttgart makes that question moot. 05/92

Oriana Valentina Corbizzi. Device. Per pale nebuly argent and Or, a vol sable.

Conflict with Dernford (Papworth, p. 1122), Argent, two wings conjoined sable and Derneford (ibid.), Or, two wings conjoined sable. There is one CVD only, for the change to the field. There was some commentary regarding the use of the complex line of division in two low contrast tinctures which had a charge (in this instance, a vol) overlying that line. The applicable precedent outlined by Mistress Alisoun in the LoAR of October 1986 and emended in June 1987, was that what could not be registered was the use of a complex line of division with two low contrast tinctures where there was a charge "which significantly obscures the line of division." (emphasis mine). The vol in this case does not obscure the line of division except where it crosses it in base. There is no problem with using a vol on a field which has a complex per pale line of division in two low contrast tinctures. (A per fess line, now would be much more problematic.) 10/90

Otherhill, Shire of. Badge for the Unicorn Guard. Gules, a unicorn's head to sinister erased argent, collared flory sable.

Submitted as [Fieldless] On a lozenge gules, ..., earlier Laurel precedents have noted that it is not permissible for a fieldless badge to contain a primary charge which is one of the standard shapes for heraldic display. A lozenge is specifically one of these shapes.

Conflict with Katrina of the Neverlands (SCA), Gules, a unicorn's head erased reversed and in canton a decrescent and in sinister chief in bend two mullets palewise argent. There is only one CVD for the deletion of the secondary charges. 9/91

Ottar de Scotia. Device. Per chevron vert and Or, the line of division surmounted by five fleurs-de-lys alternately inverted, three thistles counterchanged.

The blazon on the LoI had the line of division as "Per chevron flory-counterflory", but the emblazon was as reblazoned above, and is not in a period style of which we are aware. If the submitter would care to resubmit with a true fleury-counterfleury line of division? 04/91

Ottar Eriksson. Badge. [Fieldless] An open book azure.

Conflict with The Dean and Chapter of Raphoe (Papworth, p. 340), ...an open book.... There is one CD for fieldlessness, but since we can grant none for tincture in this case, this is a conflict. 05/92

Ottar Eriksson. Device change. Vert, a rabbit sejant guardant armed with a stag's attire argent.

Conflict with Penhallow (Papworth, p. 61), Vert, a coney argent. Given that the default posture for a rabbit is sejant, there is at best one CD, and many commenters did not find that much for the addition of the antlers. 05/92

Otto von der Nordsee. Device. Per fess Or and azure a dolphin naiant sable and three bars argent.

Conflict with Dolks (Woodward's Ordinary, p. 68), Argent, a dolphin sable crowned Or, its tail curved in the air disporting itself above the base of the shield barry of four azure and argent. There is one CD for the change to Or from argent, but the position of the dolphin is the same (the default for a dolphin in mundane heraldry is naiant) and the visual resemblance of the lower half of the shield is overwhelming. 12/91

Otto von Mergenthal. Device. Azure, on a bend between six fleurs-de-lys bendwise in bend argent a griffin segreant contourny palewise sable.

No evidence was presented that this style of device follows any Period exemplars. Normal practice both in Period and since would have been for the tertiary to follow the line of the bend and the secondaries to be palewise. To deliberately reverse the normal defaults for both the secondaries and the tertiary gives this a very post-Period look. 02/92

Outlands, Kingdom of the. Name for the Outlands Entertainers' Guild.

No forms were included in the Laurel packet for this submission. 04/91

Outlands, Kingdom of the. Name for the Outlands Equestrian Guild.

No forms were included in the Laurel packet for this submission. 04/91

Outlands, Kingdom of the. Name for Entertainer's Guild.

It was felt that the name was too generic to be registered to a single group (cf. the return of the Leatherworker's Guild (Meridies), LoAR of April, 1990). 10/90

Outlands, Kingdom of the. Title for Rampart Herald.

No forms were included in the Laurel packet for this submission. 04/91

Outlands, Kingdom of the. Name and badge for Equestrian Guild. [Fieldless] A saddle Or between three rowels in pall inverted argent.

It was felt that the name was too generic to be registered to a single group (cf. the return of the Leatherworker's Guild (Meridies), LoAR of April, 1990). It was felt that the overall design of this badge did not form a "self-contained" design as within the meaning of RfS VIII.5. They might consider charging the saddle with one or more spur rowels. 10/90

Padraig Campbell. Name.

Conflict with Mrs. Patrick Campbell, well-known actress and friend of George Bernard Shaw. The addition of the title "Mrs." is not sufficient to clear in this case. 9/90

Pandora of Windywoode. Name and device. Argent, an open chest and on a chief triangular purpure an anchor argent.

Pandora appears to be a unique name, borne only by the half-human heroine of myth. Barring documentation that the name was given to people in period, we cannot register it. The chest was nearly completely unrecognizable, in addition to bearing too great an allusion to the mythical Pandora (along with the anchor, the symbol of hope, the last thing to be released from Pandora's box). 12/90

Paré de Pierrechateau. Name and device. Gules, on a bend sinister sable fimbriated a fleur-de-lys palewise in based Or.

Paré, even in the client's own documentation, is clearly a surname. The name lacks a given. The device conflicts with Sandra of Calafia, Gules, on a bend sinister sable fimbriated three fleurs-de-lys palewise Or. There are no CDs; the sole change is to the number of the tertiaries. 11/91

Patrice Descartes. Device. Gyronny of twelve gules and sable, three gears argent.

Gyronny of more than eight of two colors was not allowed under the old rules; gyronny of two colors is not allowed at all under the new ones. 8/90

Patrick MacManus. Name.

Conflict with Patrick F. McManus, a well-known modern writer of humor. His name is apparently to recent to appear yet in any of our standard sources, but he is clearly well known enough warrant protection. (Even Lord Laurel who has read none of his works, is familiar with all of the titles mentioned by the commenters.) Lady Triton's statement that "there is no problem with conflict" because of the middle initial "F" is in error. We do protect against legal use names. In this specific case a legal name for the author is indeed Patric McManus this is a conflict. 3/92

Patrick McQuade the Grey. Device. Sable, a chevron embattled between a winged wolf couchant and a tower argent.

Conflict with Capell (Papworth, p. 377), Sable, a chevron counterembatteled argent. There is a CVD for the addition of the group of secondaries, but it had previously been decided that there is not another for changing the lower edge only of an ordinary. 02/91

Paul of White Mountain. Device. Azure, a pall between a crescent and two sets of three mullets in pale argent.

Conflict with Collet (Woodward, p. 150), Azure, a pall argent. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 10/90

Pawel of Gdansk. Badge for House of the Seven Skills. Purpure, a mullet of seven points argent within a bordure Or.

Conflict with Ingleby (Papworth, p. 991), Sable, a mullet of six points argent within a bordure Or. There is only one CVD for the field tincture, nothing for the difference between a mullet of six points and one of seven points. 01/91

Pawel of Gdansk. Badge. Purpure, a fasces Or.

Conflict with West, Kingdom of the, Court of Chancery, Azure, a fasces blade to sinister Or, tied gules. Although two commenters thought that this badge has been released, there is no notation to that effect in Laurel's files. If someone has documentation of its release (such as a dated LoAR), we would welcome confirmation. Until that time, however, this remains a conflict, with only one CVD for the tincture of the field. 9/91

Pegasus Devona. Device change. Sable, a pegasus rampant within a bordure argent.

Conflict with Aelfwyn of Caer Leol, Sable, a pegasus salient and in dexter chief a mullet argent, with one CD for the change to type of the secondary charge, and with Elspeth Charissa Aus Reinwald, Purpure a pegasus rampant winged inverted and addorsed within a border argent, with one CD only for the change to the field. 3/92

Pelinore of Silverkeep. Device. Or, a chevron raguly gules between a fox courant proper and a unicorn couchant reguardant sable.

Conflict with Aslyn (Papworth, p. 376), Or, a chevron embattled at the top gules. There is a CVD for the addition of the secondaries. The difference between raguly and embattled is not sufficient for the second. 10/90

Penelope Dowell of Avonsford. Device. Azure, semy of compass stars elongated to base, a compass star elongated to base and two swans naiant respectant reguardant, necks entwined argent.

Use of a charge of the same type as a semy is visually confusing and has been grounds for return before. We would recommend simply using a semy without the "secondary" compass star. 02/91

Penelopee of the Quill. Device. Vert, a quill pen bendwise Or, three bendlets enhanced Or.

These bendlets are enhanced so much to chief that the style becomes unacceptably modern. [Irreverent quote from the Laurel meeting: "They're so close to the margins that they become marginal!"] 01/92

Pepin Moroni. Device. Per pale lozengy Or and vert, and lozengy argent and purpure, a jester's bauble facing to dexter gules, faced argent.

In the return of November 1988, the LoAR noted that "No one could document a field divided of four colors per saltire, and it does not appear to be a Period practice." Using two completely different pairs of tinctures on opposite sides of the per pale line of division seems to go well beyond Period practice here as well. We need documentation that this many colors on a field is a Period style before we may register it. 6/92

Peregrine Falconer of Greenbriar. Device. Per pale and per saltire Or and vert, a chevron between two sheaves of arrows sable and a falcon rising, wings inverted and addorsed, gules.

Though blazoned as argent on the LoI, the arrows on the large emblazon were colored in as sable. Though the contrast between the arrows and the field is technically legal, the arrows, being narrow charges, lose much of their identifiability by being half sable on vert. The arrows lying on the lines of division of the field further confuse ready identifiability of just what is going on here. (Passant is not a bird position, so we have reblazoned the bird in the closest avian position, as "rising, wings inverted and addorsed".) 4/92

Permelia MacClunge. Name.

Because this name differs only by adding an "e" to the surname, this is technically in conflict with her legal use name, per the Administrative Handbook Part I, Protected Items I, which states in pertinent part that "no item will be registered to a submittor if it is identical with an item used by the submittor legally or in common use outside the Society." It may not be the name she commonly uses, but it is legally available to her to be used at any time, and is therefore (one of her) legal name(s). 01/92

Petruccio Alfonso Maria Cuccieri de Cataluña. Device. Azure, a Latin cross flory Or, veiled purpure, within a pair of wings in lure argent, in sinister chief two bendlets Or.

The purpure "veiling" over the cross, as an overall charge, should have good contrast with the field, which this does not. The use of two bendlets way up to one side severely unbalances the device. With four tinctures and four types of charge this is right at the limit of complexity. Combined with the use of what are normally central ordinaries as peripheral charges and the unusual treatment in the "veiling" of the cross, this must be returned for complexity and for non-Period style. 9/91

Phillippe d'Avignon. Device. Or, a chevron quarterly azure and gules between three towers per pale azure and gules.

Though submitted as quarterly, the chevron is really per pale and per chevron. As such it falls afoul of the band on divided fields and charges of two colors. RfS VIII.2.b lists the divisions where two colors may be used. Per pale and per chevron is not one of them. 05/92

Phuill mor na Grain, Canton of. Device. Per chevron inverted azure and Or, in chief on a sun Or a trident sable and in base a laurel wreath vert.

The name was returned on the June 1991 LoAR. As holding names cannot be used for groups, we have to return the device. 9/91

Phuill Mor na Grian, Canton of. Name.

The name does not seem a reasonable locative. One would expect the Great Pit of the Sun to be on the Sun, not someplace that people can be from. 06/91

Phyllis Meisterssohn. Device. Quarterly argent and counter-ermine, on a pale gules, a recorder argent.

As Faigunn of the Silver Shiruken's device could as easily (and correctly) be blazoned as Per pale Or and sable, on a pale gules a mullet of eight points pierced argent, this is still in conflict, with a CVD for the changes to the field only. 8/90

Porte de l'Eau, Canton of. Device. Argent, on a pile wavy azure goutty d'eau a portcullis argent, in base a laurel wreath vert.

If this design were closer to the arms of the "parent" Barony of Madrone, we might see registering the "forbidden" laurel wreath beneath the pile to the "child" group. However, the laurel wreath beneath a pile appears to be the only element in common with Madrone. As a consequence we do not feel that the grandfather clause should be applied here. 4/92

Pryddwyn of Gryphonscrag. Change from holding name of Joan of Gryphonscrag.

The Welsh experts in the College find this dithematic name to be highly unlikely. Even were it a likely combination, it would most likely be Prytddwyn. Additionally, it remains too close in appearance to the name of King Arthur's boat, which has previously been disallowed. 11/91

Qadagin-u Jajiradai. Badge. [Fieldless] A yak passant azure.

Conflict with Chittoke (Papworth, p. 96), Argent, a bull passant azure, as cited in the LoI. While there is clearly a CVD for fieldlessness here, we cannot see granting another for the "hairiness" of the bull. 11/90

Quen Gildwynsson. Name.

"'Cwen' is the standard Anglo Saxon title for Queen approved for use in the Society and was actually used in Old English in the specific sense of the rulers wife (and in at least one case in the sense of a Queen Regnant). Therefore, I must reaffirm the ban of 'quen' as an element in Society names." (Alisoun McCoul of Elphane, LoAR of 29 March 1987, pp. 13 and 14). Additionally Quen is a feminine given and could not be used in a mixed gender name (in other words, she cannot be Gildwyn's son). 6/92

Rachel of the Black Forest. Name.

Conflict with Rachel of the Forests (SCA). Addition of the adjective "Black" is insufficient in this case. If the submitter would consider using the German "vom Schwarzwald." 05/91

Ragnailt Stoirm Caithnes.

No evidence whatsoever was presented to demonstrate that Stoirm (meaning "storm") is a reasonable epithet. We need evidence that Stoirm is similar to other Gaelic epithets before we can register this. 10/91

Ragnar Arisson of Vinland. Name.

As Ari takes the genitive "a" in Norse, the patronymic would be "Arasson" or "Arason". Since the submitter allowed not changes at all, we had to return the name. 01/91

Ragnar Karlson. Device. Gyronny of eight sable and gules, an owl rising argent maintaining a Danish axe Or.

Gyronny of two colors is no longer permitted under the Rules for Submission. 8/90

Ragnar Larsson of the Ice Dragon Isles. Name for Household of the Ice Dragon Isles.

Conflict with the Barony of the Isles. Addition of Ice Dragon is insufficient per RfS V.2. 06/91

Ragnar Longeye. Name.

The epithet here does not make sense. As Badger noted, "his range of vision may be long, but his eye is probably about the size of any other eye". We might suggest one of many documented period epithets: Haukeseye (Hawkseye), Fairey (fair eye), Woluisheys (wolf's eyes), or Wyseye (wise eye). 04/91

Ragnar Skadeskodtr Sigtryggson fra Skardstind. Badge. [Fieldless] On an annulet Or the words "Forged in Fire" sable, overall on a flame gules two gauntlets clasped in chevron argent.

The badge is excessively complex, with four types of charge and four tinctures in addition to having four layers ("field", annulet, overall charge, quaternary charges). Additionally the overall design is very modern in appearance. The combination of these "four-fold" problems forces us to return this design. 11/91

Ragnar Thordarson. Device. Or, a dolphin naiant embowed and a dolphin naiant to sinister embowed and inverted proper within a bordure engrailed azure.

Conflict with Kenelm Reimund of the Plains (SCA), Argent, in pale a dolphin naiant and a dolphin naiant to sinister vert, spined and finned gules, within a bordure engrailed azure. There is one CVD for the tincture of the field, as was noted in the original return last December, when Mistress Alisoun noted that "under either set of rules, the only real difference is the field tincture." Given the overall symmetry of a dolphin's shape, we cannot see granting a CVD for the inversion of the bottommost one. [A dolphin proper is vert, spined and finned gules.] 12/90

Ramón the Chronologer. Device. Argent, an hourglass sable sanded gules within an orle of compass stars azure.

Hourglasses with transparent parts have been disallowed since the LoAR of October 31, 1981. 04/91

Randall der Krieger. Device. Or a pall sable between in base a hippocampus proper and a bottlenosed dolphin hauriant contourny azure [Hippocampus ramulosus].

Conflict with Ruppelin (Woodward), Or, a pall sable. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the group of secondaries. 12/90

Rander Avery of the Mease. Device. Gules, a winged lion-dragon passant guardant, wings elevated and addorsed, Or.

Conflict with Vandalia (Woodward), Gules, a wyvern crowned Or. It was the opinion of those at the Laurel meeting that while X.2 could be invoked against Aquitaine (Papworth, p. 78), Gules, a lion passant guardant Or (for the addition of the wings and change of lower half of the body), Swytham (Papworth, p. 981), Gules, a griffin passant Or (for the change to head and tail), that the similarity of outline was not sufficient to apply X.2 against Vandalia. (The default posture for wyverns on the Continent is passant, hence there is no difference for posture.) Given that wyverns were sometimes emblazoned with feathered wings rather than bat-wings, this call became much trickier, with changes only to head and forelegs, the detailing of the lion vs. reptilian torso being of less visual weight. In the end we felt we had to say that while there was clearly a CVD for type, that not enough difference was there to apply X.2. This may also conflict with the badge of Ariel of Glastonbury (SCA), Gules, a winged lion sejant affronty Or. While there is a clear CVD for posture, another CVD would have to be obtained from type, which is unclear from a sejant affronty position. 10/90

Randwulf the Hermit. Device. Or, in pale a t'ai-ch'i argent and sable, and an aloe vera vert.

RFS VII.7.a states that "elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance". The aloe vera plant does not meet this requirement. 3/92

Randwulf Witlac. Badge. Sable, a padlock argent.

Conflict with Lovett (Papworth, p. 966), Sable, three padlocks argent. There is one CD for the change of number of the primaries. 11/91

Ranulf of Wolfshaven. Badge. Argent, a crescent counter-ermine, overall a wolf's head erased vert.

The wolf's head here is not truly overall, and the complex (erased) line of division of the neck on the crescent creates some problems of identification. If he would enlarge the head to make it truly overall, this would be much better. 10/90

Ranulf of Wolfshaven. Device. Counter-ermine, a cross moline argent, overall a wolf's head erased vert.

As blazoned, the wolf's head is color on color, since overall charges must have good contrast with the field rather than the charges they overlie. If he would consider shrinking the head so that it lies entirely on the cross, this would be ever so much better. 10/90

Raphael Caradoc. Device. Gyronny sable and Or, on an escutcheon gules a cat couchant Or.

As blazoned, this is Campbell with an inescutcheon of Eilworth, and is arms of pretense, which are not allowable. Blazoned to more closely match the emblazon as Gules, a cat couchant Or, a bordure gyronny sable and Or, it conflicts with Eilworth (Papworth, p.78), Gules, a lion couchant Or, with one CVD for the addition of the bordure. It also conflicts with Leah Kasmira of Natterhelm (SCA), Gules, a catamount couchant guardant Or, within a bordure vair ancient. There is a CVD for the tincture of the bordure, but X.4.h specifies no difference for head position. 08/91

Raphael Caradoc. Device. Gules, a cat couchant to sinister Or, a bordure gyronny Or and sable.

Conflict with Nermont (Papworth, p. 120), Gules, a lion rampant Or, within a bordure company of the last and sable. There is one CD for the posture of the primary. 4/92

Raven of Heronsmarsh. Device. Or, a raven volant sable and a base wavy azure, overall a bordure purpure.

The primary charge is drawn in an extremely naturalistic trian aspect. This has been grounds for return since the tenure of Wilhelm von Schlüssel. Please ask the submitter to redraw in a standard heraldic volant position. 9/91

Regina Gunnvor Morningstar. Badge for House Longtooth. [Fieldless] A fang broken at the root, point to chief, gules.

There are serious problems with the identifiability of the charge. 05/91

Renée Dubois. Name.

Conflict with René du Bon Bois. Per RfS V.2, addition or deletion of an adjective is not sufficient for difference. 4/92

Reynald il Bianco. Device. Per bend sinister indented sable and argent, a winged serpent displayed gules.

Visual conflict with Drake (Papworth, p. 984), Argent, a wyvern, wings displayed, gules. There is a clear CVD for the changes to the field, but the overwhelming visual similarities between this winged serpent and a wyvern (removing the legs and changing the wings from "bat-like" to feathered), in the same position, are too much to grant another. 8/90

Rhiannon ferch Igraine of Caernarvon. Name change from Vanessa of Armorica.

Rule III.2.a requires a Welsh name to be used with a Welsh patronymic particle. No evidence was given for the combination of the Welsh ferch with the Cornish name Igraine. 06/91

Rhiannon Fitzgerald. Device. Gyronny sable and argent, a dragon segreant gules between three estoiles Or.

Conflict with Bela of Eastmarch, Gyronny sable and argent, a dragon rampant gules, armed and webbed vert. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 06/91

Rhiannon o Goed Niwlog. Badge. On a cross couped vert a compass star Or.

Conflict with Hussey (Papworth p. 658), Or, on a cross vert a mullet Or, as cited in the LoI. There is one CVD for fieldlessness, but only one change (of type) to the tertiary. Two changes are needed for the second necessary CVD. There is no difference between a cross and a cross couped on fieldless armory. 06/90

Rhiannon o Hafan Gath. Device. Argent, a catamount couchant guardant, head lowered, grasping in its mouth an arrow sable, within a bordure sable fretty argent.

The primary here is not in an heraldic posture. Nearly every commenter noted that it appeared in a very naturalistic position, crouched upon an (invisible) rock. [Irreverent comment from the Laurel meeting: "A stealth rock!"] Nor was the bordure truly fretty, but a kind of semy of lozenges. Were there only one of these problems, we would very likely have registered it and told the submitter to "draw the X correctly"; as it is we felt that a new emblazon is in order. 02/91

Rhiannon o Hafan Gath. Device. Sable, six arrows Or.

Conflict with St. Ursula (Fabulous Heraldry #12), Azure, semy of arrows Or, flighted argent. There is one CD for the field, but nothing for the number of arrows (six is not considered different from a semy) or for the change in tincture of the fletching only. 05/92

Rhiannon Wild Heart. Device. Azure, on a lozenge vert, fimbriated, a unicorn's head couped argent.

Long Laurel precedent has prohibited the combination of the name Rhiannon with equine-type animals, including unicorns (see, for example, the LoAR of 25 January 1987, p. 17). The use of fimbriation on the lozenge makes it appear to be a lozenge of pretense with a bordure. 02/91

Rhianon of the Hollow Lands. Name.

The name is simply too evocative of the Welsh goddess Rhiannon, who rode out of the Gorsedd Arberth, a hill (presumably hollow) with supernatural properties. 02/91

Rhianwen ni Dhiarmada. Device. Sable, a demi-unicorn rampant Or, crined argent.

Conflict with von Berwang (Seibmacher, plate 83), Sable, a demi-unicorn rampant Or. I am not sure that there is even one CD here for the tincture of the crining. 05/92

Rhodri ap Gwythyr. Device. Argent, a turreted bridge and a sinister tierce sable.

Conflict with Castle (Papworth, p. 364), Argent, a tower triple-towered sable and with Edinburgh (Papworth, p. 364), Argent, on a rock proper a castle tripe-towered and embattled sable, masoned of the first and topped with three vanes gules, windows and portcullis shut of the last. Against Castle there is one CVD for adding the tierce, but given evidence that no difference was granted in period between towers and castles and the very strong visual resemblance of this bridge to a castle, no additional CVD could be granted. Versus Edinburgh, there is one CVD for changing the rock in base to a tierce, but again, no difference between a castle and this bridge. 9/90

Rhodri Longshanks. Badge. Quarterly azure and gules, and ermine, a cross throughout embattled Or.

This appeal addresses only one of the two reasons for return. Yes, the cross throughout, if fattened up, would probably remove the appearance of marshalling. However, the primary reason given by Mistress Alison for return stated "No evidence has been provided for simple coats with fields quarterly of three tinctures in period." With no evidence for this issue, the return stands. 06/91

Richard deLacy. Device. Argent, two bendlets and in base a cross moline fitchy azure.

Conflict with Marten (Papworth, p. 283), Argent, two bendlets azure. There is one CVD only for the addition of the cross. The enhancement of the bendlets would normally occur by adding a charge only in base. 10/91

Richard Fairbourne. Device. Per pale azure and vert, two eagle's heads erased respectant argent.

Conflict with Alexandria Sylverhawke, Gules, two hawks heads erased respectant argent. There is one CD only, for the changes to the field. 12/91

Richard of Lion's Rest. Badge. [Fieldless] A bendlet crossed by two scarpes sable.

It is not possible to have ordinaries or diminutives of ordinaries on a fieldless badge. Blazoning them as couped will normally permit this; however, these cannot be blazoned as couped do to the unusual nature of the couping (horizonatally). Additionally, this looks like nothing quite so much as the double "x" in the name trademarked name "Exxon", and will be perceived as such. Since we do not register armory consisting only of alphanumeric characters, this must be returned. 05/92

Richard the Chicken-Hearted. Name.

This is not only a joke name, but a parody of Richard the Lion-Hearted. As was the case with Decrease Mather (a parody of Increase Mather), which was returned on the LoAR of May 12, 1985, this name "alludes strongly enough to the historical character to constitute infringement." [Ireverent comment from the Laurel meeting: "Just because you're from Toledo doesn't mean you can be this stupid." (Said by someone from Detroit. I don't know whether or not that commenter knew at the time that Lord Laurel was born in Toledo. {Or maybe she did.})] 10/91

Richart von Pfeffers. Device. Per pale and per chevron argent and azure, on an eagle displayed a kleestengeln counterchanged sable and argent, between three roundels counterchanged.

The counterchanging of the eagle breaks up the outline to such an extent that identifiability becomes problematical. We believe the counterchanging here to be excessive per RfS VIII.3. There is more than sufficient documentation for the kleestengeln, which are representations of the wingbones found in German armory. They are blazonable, though they should probably not count for difference. 4/92

Richenza le Wydu. Device. Or, a horse forceny gules, its neck pierced by an arrow sable within a bordure azure.

Conflict with Renner (Woodward, p. 237), Or, a horse rampant gules; also with Ferrari (yes, that Ferrari), Or, a horse salient within a bordure gules. In each case there is one CVD for the bordure. Additionally, the horse as drawn is forceny, a position not allowed for some years in SCA armory. 08/91

Riddlemark, Canton of. Name.

Withdrawn by the Principal Herald. 05/92

Rising Waters, Barony of. Name for Award of the Grail's Jewel.

Conflict with the House of Jewels, registered to Suzanna Jewell. Per V.3, addition of the adjective is insufficient to clear. 02/91

River's Bend, Shire of. Badge. Or, a stalk of three cattails proper within and surmounted by a laurel wreath azure.

As noted by several of my predecessors, laurel wreaths are reserved to branch arms. They may not be used in badges. 3/92

Rob Roy O'Flynn. Name.

After much consideration and discussion, it was determined that "Rob Roy" is so well known and closely associated with Rob Roy McGregor that it must be considered a unique name. "Rob" is fine, and so is "Roy", but "Rob Roy" is not. 10/90

Robert of Aroe. Device. Argent, a two tailed scorpion gules, a bordure sable.

Conflict with Raymond Crus Hummer, Argent, a lobster displayed gules. There is a CD for the addition of the bordure but the visual similarity between this scorpion and a lobster is too great to grant a second. 6/92

Robert of Bristol. Device. Per bend Or and sable, in pale two linden leaves stems issuant from the line of division between in bend sinister two crosses of five lozenges all counterchanged within a bordure gules.

Although this line of division has been documented (and registered in the SCA) previously, every period instance that we could find lacked other charges. Given the problems demonstrated here in the distortion of the leaves, we can understand why. This line of division with charges on the field appears to be non-Period style. 3/92

Robert of Burns House. Name.

Conflict with Robert Burns, born Robert Burness, a variant of Burnhouse. Mind you, the fact that nearly every commenter immediately thought of Robert Burns may have been enough to have returned this anyway. 02/91

Robert Pery Paxton. Device. Or, a hammer and tongs in saltire sable, overall a sword gules.

Contrary to opinion expressed in the LoI, this is indeed slot machine heraldry, in violation of RFS VIII.1.a. It contains three disparate charges in a standard heraldic arrangement. 12/91

Robin Arthur Kyrke. Device. Or, on a bend sinister cotised vert between a robin rising contourny wings elevated and addorsed and a church tower azure three billets Or.

The charge in base is not drawn as a church tower known in heraldic texts, nor is it a recognizable representation of a church. The heraldic church tower is a tower with the pointed roof and cross, but without the windows and flying buttresses of this submission. A church would probably not have the flying buttresses. Please ask the client to clarify what he wants and to resubmit with a redrawing. 05/92

Robin MacLeer. Device. Gules, a hippocampus Or, on a chief enarched argent three escallops inverted gules, a bordure argent.

The name MacLeer ("son of Leer") should not be used in conjunction with sea symbology because it will appear to be a claim to descent from the sea god Lir. A chief should not surmount a bordure (Parker, p. 112), nor should a chief be used with a bordure of the same tincture, which will have the visual effect of a bordure with a "fat top". 01/91

Robin of Berkshire. Device. Per bend wavy argent and gules, in bend sinister a ships wheel proper between two crosses formy fitchy counterchanged.

Ships wheels are post-period, not coming into use before the mid-17th century. As a suggestion, the submitter might try a Catherine's wheel. 06/91

Robin of Gilwell. Badge with Adelicia Gilwell. [Fieldless] A roundel barry wavy azure and Or.

Withdrawn by the submitters. 6/92

Robyn O'Reilly de Aragon. Device. Argent, on a pale sable between two scourges gules, a flambeau Or.

Conflict with Sallay (Papworth, p. 1007), Argent, on a pale sable a crozier Or, Lin the Baker (SCA), Argent, on a pale sable a garb Or, and several similar "Argent, on a pale sable an [X] Or". There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries, but the change to type only of tertiary is insufficient for the second. 10/90

Roderick Billingsley MacLeod. Device. Per chevron nebuly gules and purpure, two natural leopards passant guardant respectant and a castle Or.

The complex line of division of the field was almost entirely unidentifiable at any range because of the extremely poor contrast between gules and purpure. This is a color combination which should be avoided when using a complex line of division. 01/91

Roderick O' Shannon. Device. Sable, a sword enflamed proper between two griffins combattant Or.

Conflict with Carroll (Papworth, p. 1104), Sable, a sword erect argent between two lions rampant combattant Or. There is one CD for changing the type of the secondaries, but there is not a second for enflaming the blade of the sword. 12/91

Rodrigo del Corazón de Oro. Device. Per pale ermine and gules, on a heart Or a latin cross bottony sable.

Conflict with US 13th Division (Military Ordinary, No. 829), Sable, a heart Or charged with a castle sable lighted and portaled Or, dependent below the portal a key palewise sable. There is one CVD for the field, but it lacks the necessary second for change to type only of the tertiary. 10/91

Roelof Doldersum. Name and device. Or, embedded in a tree stump eradicated sable an axe argent hafted and on a chief sable three ravens Or.

No documentation was presented, nor could any be found, for Doldersum. On the device, the argent head of the ax breaks tincture against the field. The head, the ax's primary distinguishing feature, is metal on metal. 01/92

Roger of York. Device. Or, on a hurt three annulets interlaced Or, a bordure rayonny sable.

RFS XI.4 states that armory that uses charges which themselves are charged in such a way as to appear to be arms of pretence is considered presumptuous, the explanation with the rule notes that such charges should not contain more than one charge. While it may be argued that the charges here form a single unit, they are, in fact, multiple charges, as the blazon itself notes. 4/92

Rom ben Yosef del Castillo del Toro Negro. Device. Gyronny of six per pale azure and argent, three stars of David argent alternating with three bulls rampant azure, all within a bordure embattled sable.

Prior Laurel precedent has returned alternating charges on a gyronny field (September 1988 LoAR, p. 18). The one example of this style noted by Lord Codex in Italian armory has semys rather than single charges in each gyron. Given the weakness of this evidence, we are hesitant to register a design which has the appearance of being modern style. 02/92

Ronan mac a'Chaladair. Badge. Or, three bars wavy gules, overall a thistle vert.

Conflict with Basset (Papworth, p. 39), Or, three bars wavy gules. There is one CVD for the addition of the thistle. (If blazoned as Barry wavy of seven, Or and gules, a thistle vert, it will conflict with Webster (Papworth, p. 859), Argent, a thistle vert flowered gules, with one CVD for the change to the field. 08/91

Ronan MacCaladair. Name.

"Son of the timekeeper", which appears to be what the submitter is trying for, would actually be "mac a' Chaladair", but as he permitted no changes or corrections, we are unable to fix the grammar and have to return the name as a whole. 01/91

Rorik Strongfire. Name.

The epithet here is confusing as to meaning, and does not appear to be very plausible. Would the submitter consider the documented Makefer (make fire)? 04/91

Rorik Strongfire. Name.

If I may quote Lord Trefoil, "Nowhere in this appeal do we see evidence that Stongfire meets the requirements in II.2 and II.3 that 'made-up' names be formed in a period manner. Instead, the argument boils down to the claims that a) the name makes sense to modern perceptions and b) we've registered worse." Unlike the situation with Ragnar Longeye, above, however, none of the commenters were able to come up with documentation of similar name formations which would allow Strongfire to be registered. No one was able to show that fires were ever considered to be "strong": large, hot, etc., yes, but not "strong" in any way. Lord Badger has found a number of period occupational surnames, any one of which would serve the submitter well. Might we recommend that he consider one of those. 10/91

Rory ua Riada. Device. Gyronny arrondy purpure and Or, a woman vested, arms raised, argent.

First of all, as noted by many of the commenters, the primary charge is drawn in an overly modern, non-heraldic style. This alone would quite possibly be sufficient grounds for return. However, it also conflicts with Wirgman (Papworth, p. 953), Azure, a female figure representing justice habited in white holding in the dexter hand a pair of scales and in the sinister a scepter both Or. There is a CVD for the changes to the field but nothing for the minor changes to the primary charge. 08/91

Rosalynde y Corgwyn. Device. Vert, a key bendwise sinister, wards to chief Or, between two Corgi's statant proper.

The secondaries, reddish-brown on the green field, are color on color, which violates RfS VIII.2.b.i., the rule of contrast. 9/91

Rosamonde de l'Oiselet. Device change. Gules, three dragons segreant Or.

Conflict with Owen of Caermarthen (SCA), Per chevron vert and sable, three dragons segreant Or. There is only one CVD for the field. 9/90

Rosamund Samborski. Device. Sable, on a spiderweb argent, a spider between three roses Or.

This is being returned once again for conflict with Arachne's Web, Sable, a spiderweb argent. Despite the assertion in the device appeal letter, spiderwebs are throughout by default and thus there cannot be a CD for "throughoutness" here. A spiderweb is not like any of the other field treatments, in that no part of it reflects the same pattern as the whole. In this way it much more closely resembles a gurges, which is a charge. Thus, there is only one CD versus Arachne's Web for the addition of the overall charges. 02/92

Rosamund Samborski. Device. Sable, on a spiderweb throughout argent, a spider between three roses Or.

Conflict with The Order of Arachne's Web, Sable a spider argent. As noted in the LoI this is the same submission that was returned a year ago. Nothing in the LoI discussed the previous return, why this submission was different from the previous submission, or why this one should now be registered. Nor was there any discussion of why the previous return was in error, if that is what either the submitter or the Calontir College of Heralds believes. With no discussion of any of these issues the previous return has to stand. 7/91

Rosamund Samborski. Device. Sable, on a spiderweb throughout argent, a spider between three roses Or.

Conflict with the Order of Arachne's Web, Sable, a spiderweb argent. There is only one CVD for the addition of the charges on the web. 7/90

Rosanda ni Shranachain. Device. Per bend vert and gules, a bend between a horse salient and a rose Or barbed and seeded vert.

The bend as drawn is so thin as to be unregisterable. Please have the client resubmit with a properly drawn bend and we will be happy to reconsider this. (The "bend" in the large emblazon is drawn as the equivalent of fimbriation.) 4/92

Rose de Le Mans. Device. Argent, a bend sinister vert, overall a maunch counterchanged, a bordure sable.

The opinion of the commenting heralds was unanimous that a maunch is too complex a charge to be counterchanged over an ordinary. 05/92

Rose Scarlett Slade. Device. Argent, three rustres azure and one rustre sable within an orle of pellets.

The combination of two different sizes of the same charge is not Period style and has been disallowed before. (See, e.g., the LoAR of 25 February 1990, p. 19.) 4/92

Rosemary Willowwood of Sainte Anne. Name for Household Crystal Scroll.

The household name is not one that would have been used in Period by any standards of name construction that we could find. Scrolls are not something that could be made from crystal. This is a fantasy-style name. 4/92

Rowena Le Sarjent. Name and badge for Company of the Steel Knot. Per pale gules and sable, a sword inverted nowed argent.

The name conflicts with the Company of the Knot, a Neapolitan order of knighthood. The badge conflicts with Goudelin (Ordinary to Woodward, p. 123), Azure, a sword argent hilted Or, point in base. While two commenters felt that the nowing of the sword should be worth a CD, arguing it as a significant posture change, the perception of most people is going to be (1) a sword, and then (2) what have they done to the blade? The College has long held that "swords is swords," no matter how radically different the type (e.g., broadsword = seax = shamshir = kris = rapier). The modification to the blade here does not seem so much greater here as to warrant a CD. 01/92

Rowena Montgomery McMichie. Device. Per bend azure and argent, a bend counterchanged between a butterfly-winged woman affronty argent and a rose gules, slipped and leaved proper.

Butterfly winged creatures have been disallowed since the LoAR of 26 May 1983, when Laurel returned a butterfly winged Bengal tiger. 4/92

Rurik Petrovitch Stoianov. Device. Gules, a saltire vairy argent and sable between three badger's heads affronty argent marked sable, one and two, in base two flails in saltire surmounted by a sword, all Or.

Conflict with Morwick (Papworth, p. 1059), Gules, a saltire vairy argent and sable. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 10/91

Rurik Petrovitch Stoianov. Device. Gules, a saltire vair between three badgers heads affronty argent, marked sable, one and two, in base two morningstars in saltire surmounted by a sword, all Or.

Two arguments were presented in this appeal of a prior return. The first, that the badger's heads and the weapons form two groups of secondaries, and should thus count for two CVDs, is based on an incorrect assumption. Groups are defined by placement on the field, not by type. Four identical charges around a saltire are a single group. Three identical charges and a different charge placed around a saltire are still a single group. With only one CVD for the addition of the group of (non-identical) secondaries, this still conflicts with Bayleur (Papworth, p. 1059), Gules, a saltire vair.

The second argument, that there are only four types of charge (saltire, badgers heads, morning stars and sword) and four tinctures (gules, vair, proper and Or). In fact, "proper" is not a tincture -- it is heraldic shorthand. The badgers heads are argent, marked sable. That's two tinctures. While vair may be listed in glossary under tinctures, the fact that it is a neutral fur is because it consists of both a metal and a color. Its visual complexity is such that it looks like two tinctures. Thus we really have four types of charge and five tinctures (gules, argent, azure, sable, and Or), for a complexity "count" (by the rule of thumb) of nine.

As far at the statement in the LoI that 'As this gentle has been using this device for close to five years (and been trying to register it for the same amount of time), and has every intention of continuing to display the device no matter what the decision of the College is, I ask that this device be registered under the rule of Toyota', I can do no better than to quote Lady Dolphin. She said, "I find this statement exactly analogous to asking the Marshallate "As this gentle has been only taking very hard blows for close to five years (and has been trying to make the marshallate accept this very hard blow standard for the same amount of time), and has every intention of only taking very hard blows no matter what the deciions of the Earl Marshal is, I ask that this fighter be allowed by the Marshallate to only take very hard blows.' A fighter who rhinohides because he disagrees with the blow standards as set forth by the marshallate is considered unchivalrous and given no sympathy. A submitter who uses an illegal device because he disagrees with the armory standards as set forth by the heralds should be considered just as unchivalrous, and I certinly don't think we should do him any favors. Maybe if this analogy were pointed out to the submitter he might change his mind about displaying a returned device." Additionally, as Lord Batonvert has pointed out, if he would consider changing the saltire to "vairy Or and sable" will both remove the conflict and remedy the complexity problem. Please recommend this as a relatively simple solution to the difficulties with this device. 04/91

Rurik Petrovitch Stoianov. Device. Gules, a saltire vair between three badgers heads affronte proper, one and two, in base two morningstars in saltire surmounted by a sword, all Or. (Meles meles)

Conflict with Bayleur (Papworth p. 1059), Gules, a saltire vair. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the secondaries. Additionally, this now exceeds the "Rule of Thumb" for complexity of VIII.1.a with four types of charges in five tinctures. 06/90

Saaiqa Chandani. Device. Sable, a heart Or involved with a rose vine and pierced by a shamshir bendwise sinister inverted proper all within an orle dovetailed argent.

This is not period style, and exceeds the informal "Rule of Two Weirdnesses". The piercing of the heart is one; the rose wrapping the heart is a second, and the orle is not really dovetailed, or even "dovetailed, counterdovetailed"; it is a "shazam in orle". The shazam, or modern-style lightning flash, has been banned in SCA armory since 1983. The number of types of charge (counting the heart, rose and vine, and shamshir as three different charges) and tinctures exceeds the Rule of Thumb of VIII.1.a. 11/90

Sacred Stone, Barony of. Name for Order of Karl von Nordmark.

This was pended from the April Laurel meeting because no paperwork was submitted supporting permission to use the name and because it was deemed advisable to present some supporting evidence for the willingness of the group to honor a single member in this manner. As no such supporting documentation has been received, this is being returned. 8/90

Sadhbh ni Dhonnabhain. Device. Or, in pale two quill pens crossed in saltire gules and a corbie sable holding in its beak a sprig of cherries gules, slipped vert.

The relative sizes of the quill pens and corbie do not give clear primacy to the quills, so this is in conflict with Corbet (Papworth, p. 295), Or, a raven sable. There is one CVD for the addition of the quill pens. 04/91

Saewynn Silfrhrafn. Device. Sable, a raven rising, wings addorsed, and in chief three broadheads, all within an orle embattled-counterembattled argent.

There are two problems with the device. The first is that the raven is not really rising [one commenter suggested that he was really "doin' the funky monkey"]. The second (and greater) problem is that this is not really an orle embattled counter-embattled, appearing as it does to be a lighting bolt in orle. With not one but two artistic problems with the device, we did not feel comfortable in registering it with the instruction that the submitter draw the "X" properly. 11/91

Sakurai Sa. Badge. [Fieldless] A cherry blossom voided within and conjoined to an annulet argent.

A flower is too complex a charge to be voided per RFS VIII.3, Armorial Identifiability. 01/92

Samrah shel Shemish Blackrune. Name.

Samrah is not a reasonable alternate of Sameera/Samîrah, since the "ee" is a long vowel and is the accented syllable here and would not be dropped. "Of Sunshine" does not seem to be a reasonable epithet in any language, including Hebrew. Additionally, there is some question as to whether "shemish" (or "shemesh") means "sunshine" or simply "sun", which would clearly be right out. 11/90

Samrah shel Shemish Blackrune. Name for Guild of the Enchanted Needle.

We have serious qualms about registering "enchanted" anythings. See RfS VI.2., Names Claiming Powers. 11/90

Sarmasia Lakadaimoniotes. Device. Azure, a serpent glissant to base Or within an orle of bezants.

Conflict with Wonz (Woodward p. 275), Azure, a couleuvre Or. According to Woodward, page 723, a couleuvre is "a serpent, usually drawn in pale, and with undulating body." There is one CD for the addition of the bezants, but we do not see another for inverting the serpent. 4/92

SCA. Badge for Deaf Interpreters. Vert, in saltire a cubit arm, hand appaumy, and a trumpet Or.

It was suggested by a number of commenters that the badge registered to the Kingdom of Caid for interpreters for the deaf, Vert, in saltire two trumpets Or surmounted by a dexter hand appaumy all within a bordure embattled argent, was already available for use, and was a better looking design, to boot. We are currently awaiting a letter of permission to conflict from Caid, at which time we will register for Society-wide use "Vert, in saltire two trumpets Or surmounted by a dexter hand appaumy argent". 04/91

SCA: Manciple.

This is not an appropriate alternate title for the arts and sciences office, having a meaning much more cognate to that of "quartermaster". 08/91

Scannal Alpin. Device. Or, a stag at gaze sable, a bordure gules.

Conflict with McCartney, Or, a stag trippant within a bordure gules, as cited in the LoI. There is one CVD for the tincture of the primary, but per X.4.h turning the head and moving the position of one leg is insufficient for the second. Also conflicts with Strachan (Lyon I, no. 5309), Or, a stag at gaze azure attired sable within a bordure gules. There is only one CVD for the tincture of the primary. 9/91

Sean Baird. Device. Gules, on a chevron Or between a pair of hands and a base arched and indented argent, three roundels gules.

Conflict with Duryn the Red (SCA), Gules, upon a chevron Or a wheel of five spokes between two double-axes gules. There is a CVD for the addition of the secondaries, but nothing for the change of type only of tertiaries. Conflict also with Rose (Papworth, p. 528), Gules,m on a chevron Or between three horseshoes argent, three roses gules, with the same count. Other conflicts with similar counts are: Offerton (Papworth, p. 479), Cobham (Papworth, p. 485), and Dickman (Papworth, p. 498). Versus O'Cullen (Papworth, p. 517), Gules, on a chevron Or between three hands argent, a garb gules enclosed by three trefoils proper, there is a CVD for changing the type and number of tertiaries, and another for changing the type of one-half (by definition, see Cover Letter) of the secondary group. 8/90

Sean Liam O'Neal of Inishcaltra. Device. Per saltire vert and sable, a saltire between in pale a Celtic cross and a harp Or.

Conflict with the flag of Jamaica, Per saltire vert and sable, a saltire Or. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 05/91

Sean MacDonald. Name.

Conflicts with Sir John MacDonald, first Premier of the Dominion of Canada, which he helped found. 10/91

Sean O'Shaughnessy. Name.

Conflict with Shauna O'Shaughnessy. 7/91

Sean of Flaming Sword. Badge. Gules, a shamrock bendwise argent.

Conflict with Breant (Papworth, p. 868), Gules, a cinquefoil argent. There is one CVD for the change to type of the primary, but we are not certain that X.2 can be applicable in this case of difference between types of foils. 7/91

Sean Thorsen. Name.

No documentation was presented supporting the use of Thor, by itself, as a given name in period. All of the examples found by commenters used it as part of a compound (Thorvald, Thorbjorn, etc.). We (and a number of submitters) would welcome such documentation. 8/90

Sean Uí Neall. Name.

Conflict with Shane O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, the famous Irish revolutionary during the reign of Elizabeth I. 02/92

Seonid of Bright Hills. Name change from Jane of Bright Hills and device change. Erminois, a raven and on a chief embattled vert, two quill pens in saltire argent.

No forms were included for the name change, nor was there any documentation for this spelling variant of Seonaid. This variant does not appear valid on its face because of the radical change of pronunciation. The device was blazoned with a sable chief, but that on the emblazon form was vert. Since the one she wishes to change has a sable chief, and the blazon given on the emblazon form calls the chief sable, we are returning this so that the submitter can tell us what it is she wants. 04/91

Serafina Aguilar. Device. Per pale gules and vert, a compass rose Or within a bordure counterchanged.

The bordure is color on color. 04/91

Serena ferch Ceridwen o Fers. Badge. [Fieldless] A quill pen azure.

Conflict with the badge of Moses von den Falken, Argent, a feather azure, registered December 1990. 02/91

Serena Torres d'Yvoire. Name and device. Per fess embattled purpure and argent, a horned rat's head cabossed argent.

The group name was returned previously for the use of two different languages in a single phrase. It may not there be registered as used here. The device conflicts with Heseltine (Papworth, p. 911), Gules, a bull's head cabossed argent. There is one CD for the field, but this "horned rat's head" looks almost exactly like a bull's head. 01/92

Sergii Boyanovich Samopalov. Badge. Sable, an insular majuscule capital letter "A" within a bordure Or.

It was the consensus of the commenters that the ban on "initial" badges by Mistress Alisoun MacCoul of Elphane (LoAR of 25 January 1987, p. 16) should be maintained, whatever the "typeface" or style of the initial. 11/90

Shahira bint Abdul Samad. Device. Azure, a unicornate seahorse naiant argent crined and finned between three sand dollars Or.

In the cover letter of January 6, 1992, the ban on unicornate seahorses was specifically upheld. There was some question among the commenting heralds as to whether sand dollars were known in Period. 02/92

Shala bint Samia Shashati. Name.

While Shala is a reasonable transliteration of the Arabic name often transliterated as Shahlaa, and while Samia could be considered as an acceptable alternative to the name Samihah, no evidence was presented to support Shashati, nor was the use of a matronymic in Arabic documented. (Laurel believes that the two instances he could find, that of 'Isa ibn Maryam [Jesus the son of Mary, clearly a unique case] and one other instance noted in The Fihrist of al-Nadim do not establish a pattern of general usage. We would prefer to see more examples before allowing this exception to the rule of the use of patronymics in Arabic.) 10/90

Shaul ben Yisrawael. Name appeal.

While the submitter's additional documentation was very interesting, he has not addressed the issues stated for the last return, viz., that the average person would believe the name to mean "Saul, king of Israel". Nor has he given any evidence for the extra "wa" in the patronymic. (Even the expert quoted by the submitter in the appeal uses the more common "Yisrael".) 7/90

Sherry Foxwell. Badge. [Fieldless] A fox herissony gules.

Conflict with Wolfesley (Papworth, p. 97), Argent, a wolf passant gules. The only real difference between herissony and passant is the arch of the back and the position of one paw, so we are left with only a single CVD for fieldlessness here. 12/90

Shinomoto Yoshinaga. Device. Argent, three torii, tops to center, within and conjoined to an annulet gules.

Conflict with Okawara and Kubota, A torii within an annulet, cited in the LoI, with a CD for number of the torii. The conjoining does not appear worth the necessary second as argued in the LoI. 6/92

Shooting Star, Shire of the. Name and device. Azure, five arrows crossed in mullet inverted, points to center, conjoined at the pheon socket, and in base a laurel wreath argent.

Name conflicts with the Star Principal Herald. Per V.3, addition of the adjective is insufficient to clear. The device is intrusively modern in style, nor does the blazon adeqately describe the emblazon. Might we suggest a canting device using a comet? 02/91

Sibeal OhOgain. Device. Vert, on a lozenge Or a sprig of mistletoe of four leaves inverted vert, berried argent.

Conflict with the flag of Brazil, Vert, on a lozenge Or a celestial sphere azure. There is only one CVD, for the changes to the tertiaries. 3/91

Sigrid Einarsdottir. Device. Vert, a hand balance argent between five bezants in saltire.

Conflict with Myvod (Papworth, p. 1052), Vert, five bezants in saltire. The hand balance is not distinctively enough the primary charge that we can call this clear by X.1. There is one CD for the addition of the hand balance. 6/92

Simon d'Arc the Scholar. Device. Per bend sinister azure and gules, an open scroll and a closed book palewise Or.

The use of two similar but non-identical charges in a group has been cause for return many times in the past. A scroll is one kind of book and a book is another. 7/91

Simon de Vernun of Wellingborough. Device. Sable, on a pale wavy argent three alder leaves vert. (Alnus glutinosa)

Conflict with M'Haffie (Papworth, p. 1006), Vert, on a pale wavy argent three trefoils slipped of the field. There is one CVD for field tincture only. 8/90

Simon de Vernun of Wellingborough. Badge. Per bend sinister sable and argent, two scarpes enhanced argent.

The style of this badge is very unbalanced and obtrusively modern in design, in violation of RfS VIII.4.d. 12/91

Simon Dubh mac Brian o Glen Rannoch. Badge change. [Fieldless] A sword per chevron argent and gules.

A long skinny charge may not be divided per chevron in this manner. The line of division is not identifiable, thus falling afoul of RfS VII.7.a. 05/92

Sine Coldtoes of Selkirk. Device. Sable, a woman argent maintaining in each hand a goblet Or, that to sinister cracked.

Conflict with Wirgman (Papworth, p. 953), Azure, Justice habited in white holding in the dexture hand a pair of scales and in the sinister a scepter both Or. There is a CD for the field, but there is no difference between one woman habited habited in white and another woman habited in white, nor anything for the gold maintained charges. 11/91

Sine Greigsdottir. Name.

[Irreverent comment from the Laurel meeting: "Captain, me onomastics canna' stand much more o' this!" "Norse, Scotty, I want more Norse!"] While there are a number of Scottish patronymics formed from Old Norse personal names, no evidence was presented that the reverse ever occurred. This makes sense as the migration of settlers appears to have been pretty much one-way, from Scandinavia to Britain. 11/91

Sine ni Shranachain. Device. Per pale argent and Or, on a pile purpure a cat's head cabossed Or.

The "pile" is neither a pile (on the large emblazon it issues from the corners of the chief), nor is it a chausse field, nor is it a chief triangular. Please ask the client to redraw it. If she wants a pile, it should issue from somewhere much farther in on the chief and the point should extend until it nearly touches the base. 6/92

Siobhan Greenmeadow. Device. Vert, semy of cinquefoils, a pale argent.

Conflict with von Oberheim (Siebmacher, Plate 38), Sable, a pale between six roses argent. There is a CVD for the field tincture, but no difference for cinquefoils versus roses or for a semy versus six. The flowers on the large emblazon are not truly cinquefoils, but appear to be halfway between cinquefoils and something like edelweiss. If the submitter would select a flower which does not look like roses it should clear this conflict. 10/91

Siobhan ni Riain of Brielle. Device. Vert, a saxon sun-dial between three triskelions gammadion in annulo argent.

No documentation was included for the sundial, Saxon or any other kind. In fact, Lord Batonvert has found two examples of Saxon sun-dials. This submission has neither form. A second problem is the recognizability of any kind of sundial used as a charge in armory. As this registration would be the defining instance of a sundial in the SCA, we must have adequate documentation that this is a standard form. (That the submission herald's "knowledge of sundials is nil" by his own admission should have made adequate documentation from the submitter all the more imperative.) 10/91

Siobhan O'Seaghdha. Name.

Conflict with the already registered Siobhan ni Seaghdha. 06/91

Smythkepe, Shire of. Device. Argent, a castle azure within a laurel wreath vert, on a chief azure an anvil argent.

Conflict with Caomhghin ap Rhys o Dunn na hEam, Argent, a triple-towered castle, on a chief azure an eagle displayed argent. There is a CD for the addition of the laurel wreath but revised RfS X.4.j.ii does not allow a second for the change of type only to the tertiary. 11/91

Snorri Haraldsson. Device. Barry argent and sable, a pile inverted surmounted by a boar's head erased all within a bordure gules.

No documentation was presented which would allow an ordinary to be drawn so narrow as to be able to "transfix" the boar's head in this fashion. Indeed, the pile is drawn so narrowly that it loses its identifiability as a pile. 01/92

Society for Creative Anachronism. Title for Desmodus Herald.

As Desmodus is a word which combines both Greek and Latin, its use in any name would be suspect. Additionally, the use of a genus or species (Linnaean) name in a title was questioned since it follows no period examples. 01/91

Somhairle Findlayson. Device. Azure, a mountain argent, winged Or.

Conflict with Colling (Papworth, p. 1122), Azure, two wings displayed Or. As this proposal could just as easily and probably more accurately be blazoned as "Azure, a vol Or, overall a mountain argent", there is one CD for the addition of the mount. 11/91

Soni Koichi no Hirohito. Name change from holding name of Sonny of Small Grey Bear.

(The LoI called this a change from holding name of Soni of Small Grey Bear, but the holding name is actually Sonny of Small Grey Bear.) Soni is documented in O'Neill (p. 306) as a placename, but no evidence was presented in the documentation nor could anyone else demonstrate how placenames were used in Japanese personal names. There is no problem with Koichi (it is documented as a man's given name on p. 247 of O'Neill). The usage "no Hirohito" is a claim to be of the late Emperor's house (that is to say, family), and is a claim of relationship. (Laurel's thanks to Lady Gwendolyn, who reads Japanese and entirely by chance ended up sitting next to Laurel at the roadshow meeting and was able to help us with the client's documentation and proper usage.) 4/92

Soni Kurai Chikara Hito. Name.

No documentation was included to demonstrate that this is a properly formed period Okinawan or Japanese name, and there is some documentation that it is not. O'Neill lists Soni only as a place name, Kurai only as a surname, and Hito only as a place name referring to the Phillipines. We need proper documentation before we can register this. 3/91

Sonja Svart-Klæddr. Name.

The submitter's own documentation spelled the byname as svartklæddur. Since her forms permitted no changes, we are forced to return the name for improper construction. Had she allowed changes, we could simply have dropped the hyphen, made the "k" lower case, and added the "u" before the final "r". As it is .... 8/90

Sorcha Meadhbh Lassair O'Branagain. Device. Argent vêtu vert, a corbie's head erased contourny sable.

Conflict with Barony of Raven's Fort, Badge for Order of the Raven's Heart (SCA), [Fieldless] A raven's head contourny erased sable grasping in its beak a heart gules. There is only one CVD, for fielded vs. fieldless. 02/91

Sorcha ní Fhaolain. Device. Vert, a wolf passant between three mullets of seven points Or.

Conflict with Pudsey (Papworth p. 461), Vert, a chevron between three mullets Or. X.2 cannot be invoked here, so there is only one CVD for the change to the primary charge. No difference can be granted for the difference between standard mullets and mullets of seven points: they do not appear to have been considered as separate charges in period, nor are they different enough in outline to be so considered by the College. 06/90

Sorcha ní Fhaoláin. Badge. [Fieldless] On a mullet of seven points within and conjoined to an annulet Or, a mullet of seven points vert.

Several commenters noted that the primary charge is effectively a mullet fimbriated and that under RfS VIII.3 a mullet of seven points is too complex a charge to fimbriate. 6/92

Sorcha ní Fhaoláin. Badge. [Fieldless] A roundel barry wavy vert and Or.

Conflict with Bray (Papworth, p. 54), Barry of six Or and vert. There is one CD for wavy versus plain. The precedent cited in the LoI of the registration of the badge of Arval Benicoeur, [Fieldless] A fountain, does not apply here because this roundel does not have a independent heraldic existence the way a fountain does. Therefore, the ban on fieldless roundels as being presumptuous of a disply of other armory applies. 6/92

Sorcha uí Flahairteaigh. Name.

The grammar of the patronymic is incorrect. Sorcha ní Fhlaithbertaig would appear to be the most likely form. However, as the client did not allow us to make any changes or corrections at all to the name, we are having to return it. 01/92

Southkeep Brewers and Vinters Guild. Badge. Azure, a tower Or corked, enwreathed of a grapevine proper, both issuant from a wall embattled Or.

Conflict with Towers (Papworth, p. 365), Azure, a tower Or. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the wall. The cork and vine, being equivalent to held charges, do not contribute difference. The cork in the tower is really not period style, and is by itself sufficient ground for return. [Irreverent comment from the Laurel meeting: "We will register no tower before its time."]. 01/91

Southkeep Cooks Guild. Badge. Vert, a cookpot issuing forth steam, within an orle of sargassum (Sargassum bacciferum) and garlic bulbs, argent.

Orles of two different charges are visually confusing and not permitted. The cookpot is drawn as a modern, flat-bottomed pot, not in a period representation. This was submitted with the blazon "[Fieldless] On a pomme, ...", but as noted above in the badge of Tarl Godric the Brokentoe (Ansteorra), fieldless badges should not have as their primary charge a charged convex geometric shape, as it then appears to be a display of arms. Reblazoned as above, it conflicts with Our Ladies Inn (Papworth, p. 676), Vert, a flowerpot argent with gilliflowers issuant gules leaved vert, with but a single CVD for the addition of the orle. 01/91

Southkeep, Shire of. Badge. [Fieldless] On a bottle azure, a crux stellata argent.

The heraldic bottle (found in Parker, pg. 75) does not look like this. This is a post-Period form of bottle. 02/92

Stafngrimmr Axdelve. Name.

Stafngrimr should not have two "m"s; it does change the pronunciation. Axdelve as a constructed name is not formed according to a documented pattern and does not particularly make sense in this construction. 06/91

Stanislaw Jan Ossolinski. Badge. [Fieldless] A cross formy globate argent, charged on each arm with a crescent sable.

No one documented the term globate, nor could Laurel find it in any of his references. We need documentation of this charge before we can register it. 05/92

Stefan Laskowski. Device. Gules, a tau cross double-crossed, potent at the foot, argent.

While this device is clear (per X.2) from the previously cited conflicts for which it was returned before, it does conflict with Saint-Omer, France (Neubecker & Rentzmann's 10 000 Wappen von Staaten und Städten, p. 113), Gules, a double-cross (Doppelkreuz) argent (it is a Latin cross double-crossed). While we can see granting a CVD with no problem, we do not believe that X.2 can apply in this case. 02/91

Steffen Albert Rheinbauer. Device. Azure, three clenched gauntlets aversant within an orle of chain Or.

Conflict with Vane/Fane, Azure, three dexter gauntlets Or. There is only one CVD for the addition of the chain. 7/90

Stephan of Bellatrix. Device. Sable, on a bend Or, three compass stars palewise gules, overall a label of three points argent.

Conflict with Carswell (Papworth, p. 197), Sable, a bend Or, overall a label of five points argent. Conflict also with the registered arms of Paul of Bellatrix. There is but one CVD for the addition of the label. Without a letter of permission to conflict there is no way that we can register this. [While the LoI stated that his Grace has given his son permission to conflict, no letter granting such has been received by Laurel. "Non scripta, non est."]

The grandfather clause cannot apply in cases where the submitted arms have a conflict to which the original device would not be subject. Since his father's arms do not conflict with Carswell, but only his own, the grandfather clause cannot be applied here. With respect to the conflict with Carswell, the client has a couple of simple options: (1) change the tincture of the label to ermine or Or; or (2) use the device as submitted with permission from his father without registering it with the College. As the base coat is already registered to his father, the son's use of it differenced by a label is an entirely appropriate form of display. 9/91

Stephen MacAlpine. Device. Or, a lion rampant to sinister guardant within a sash in annulo, knotted in base, sable.

The sash is not a recognized heraldic charge. Additionally, the submitter's form indicates that the precise form of sash is to be a "karate belt with the white stripes". We need evidence that this belt has not only been earned by the submitter, but that it is a Period charge. 9/91

Stephen of Falworth. Badge. [Fieldless] On a mullet of six points azure a sea-lion argent.

Conflict with Adrienne de Champagne, Argent, on a mullet of six points azure, a falcon displayed argent. There is only one CVD for fieldlessness; changing the type only of the tertiary is insufficient here. Lord Brigantia assumed too much from Laurel's June 17 Cover Letter statement that "possibly mullets of six points may be considered simple geometric charges" for purposes of X.4.j.ii. That we do not distinguish between mullets of five points and mullets of six points when counting conflict is not on point here. We do distinguish between them on stylistic issues. Additionally, commentary has been running nearly unanimously against Laurel's applying X.4.j.ii to mullets of five points, and it seems very likely that this precedent will be overturned at the December Laurel meeting. 10/91

Stevyn Gaoler. Name.

Conflict with Stefan le Gaoler. Addition of the particle is insufficient. 10/91

Still Ernst. Badge. [Fieldless] A Corinthian column argent, entwined of an ivy vine proper.

Conflict with Barony of the Bridge, Barry wavy azure and Or, a doric column argent. There is a CVD for fieldlessness, but the vine was visually no more significant than many "held" charges. 7/90

Still Ernst. Device. Argent, upon a pale between two spiral Corinthian columns sable, three ivy leaves argent.

Conflict with Taylor, Argent, on a pale sable, three lions argent, and with Sable, Argent, on a pale between two anchors sable three estoiles of the field. There is a CVD for the secondaries (addition against Taylor and type against Sable), but the change of type only of the tertiaries is insufficient for the second necessary CVD. 7/90

Storm, Shire of the. Device. Argent, on a chauseé azure an aeolius argent, a laurel wreath vert.

The field is not really chaussé; it is not per chevron inverted, it is not a pile, it is not a chief triangular; being somewhere between all of these, we really don't know what it is. Chaussé issues from the corners of the chief and would touch the base point of the shield; per chevron inverted would issue from the sides of the field (rather than the chief corners); a pile would issue from farther in on the chief (rather from the corners) and would almost touch the base point of the shield and would not have room for a charge beneath it; and a chief triangular would not descend the field nearly so far as the one here does. Please have them choose one and reemblazon it properly. 10/90

Styvyn Longshanks. Device change. Gules, a comet bendwise sinister, head to chief, argent.

Conflict with Honsard (Papworth, p. 695), Gules, an eight pointed estoile argent, as cited in the LoI. There is once CD for the change to the primary, but we cannot in could conscience Rfs X.2. 05/92

Suhani Kandari of Kashmir. Name change from Arabella Cleophea Winterhalter.

The name change has been withdrawn by the submitter. 10/91

Sun, Principality of the. Badge for Princess' Guard of the Sun. Azure, two swords in saltire argent surmounted by a fireball proper.

Conflict with Gabb (Papworth, p. 1107) Azure, two swords in saltire points upwards argent hilts Or. There is one CVD for the addition of the overall, unfortunately color on color, charge. As the overall charge breaks tincture, even had there not been a conflict, we would have been forced to return this. 08/91

Sun, Principality of the. Badge for Order of the Solar Phoenix. Or, a phoenix gules rising from flames proper within a bordure embattled gules.

Conflict with Seki (Hawley's Mon, p. 50), Dark, a phoenix light. There is one CD only for the addition of the bordure. 01/92

Sundragon, Barony of. Name for Order of the Dragon's Claw of Sundragon.

Conflicts with the Order of the Dragon's Claw, registered to the Barony of Dragonsspine. 01/91

Sur la Mer, Shire of. Name and device. Per chevron wavy sable and Or, a sea-swan sable, wings elevated and displayed, environed of a laurel wreath vert, in chief a crescent argent between two estoiles Or.

The grammar of the name is incorrect. The "Shire of on the Sea", which is what this means, does not make sense. Were the submitters willing to drop the "of", we could have registered this. However, the forms were quite clear that the submitters would allow no changes whatsoever. Therefore, we have to return this. As for the device: although this technically just meets the rule of thumb for tinctures and types of charge, the commenters were unanimous in feeling that this is simply too complex to register. If the submitters would consider dropping the crescent, this would be ever so much better. 08/91

Susan of the Golden Heart. Badge for House Griffin and Rose. Azure, on a lozenge between four garden roses argent, a griffin sejant erect maintaining an estoile azure.

The Rules for Submission XI.4 prohibit charging a lozenge with more than one charge. The griffin and estoile are two charges. 9/91

Suzanne Grey of York. Device. Purpure, a water lily slipped Or. 12/91

Conflict with Theodora di Lupita, Purpure a touch-me-not flower slipped and leaved Or. There is a CD for type of flower, but after comparison of the emblazons we did not feel that we could in good faith apply X.2. 12/91

Svea the Shortsighted. Name for House Saltmarsh.

The name conflicts with March of the Marshes per RfS V.1 and V.2. Addition of an adjective is insufficient. 7/90

Sveinn the Easterling. Device. Argent, on a cross sable, five mullets argent, in sinister canton a cross fitchy gules.

Conflict with Bastoyle (Papworth, p. 658), Argent, on a cross sable five mullets of the first. There is a single CVD for the addition of the secondary. 10/90

Svenlana Gunnardsdottir. Name.

No documentation was included for the name, and no one could find it in any of their sources. 04/91

Sveyn Egilsson. Device. Argent, a swan displayed sable maintaining in dexter foot the hilt and in sinister foot the blade of a broken sword Or, all within a bordure dovetailed per saltire sable and azure.

(Several commenters noted that the name spelled in some editions of the Armorial as Sveyn without the "e" and some with Sveyne with the second "e". The files show that the original submission and registration were made with the spelling Sveyn.) The division of the bordure (per saltire) of two colors makes it very hard to recognize what is going on with the bordure. We would prefer some documentation that bordures were divided this way in Period before we register it in the SCA. 4/92

Tadg ui Duinn of Isle Magee. Badge. [Fieldless] A saltire within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

Conflict with Kine, et al. (Hawley's Mon, p. 67), (Dark), four pestles, handles to center and conjoined in saltire, all within and conjoined to an annulet (light). There is one CD for fieldlessness, but the outlines of the four pestles is almost exactly identical to this saltire, so no other Differences can be found here. 12/91

Tadhg Liath of Duncairn. Name for House Moonsea.

There are two problems with the household name. The first is conflict with Moonsea in the TSR Forgotten Realms novels and games. Its multiple appearances there make it significant enough to protect per the Administrative Handbook. Secondly, Moonsea is not a period style name. Barring documentation of similarly constructed names in English, this must be returned. 10/91

Taliesyn O Sionnaigh o Pholl na tSionnaigh. Device change. Sable, a red-haired female savage proper supporting in her dexter hand a goblet between flaunches argent each charged with a red fox (vulpes vulpes) statant respectant guardant coward proper.

A device change requires that a mini-emblazon be provided to the College so that proper checking may be done. No emblazon was included in the LoI. It was noted in the Laurel meeting that this might be considered an overuse of "proper", since of all the visually significant charges, only the flaunches were not tinctured proper. 01/91

Taliesynne Nychymhor yr Angyfannedd. Change of Arms. Quarterly sable and gules, a unicorn rampant to sinister argent.

A change of device requires that the appropriate paperwork and fee be sent to Laurel. As this was not done we are forced to return this device change. 10/91

Taliesynne Nychymorh yr Angyfannedd. Household name for Vnycornes' Hospice.

Conflict with Unicorn Pursuivant (Great Britain). Hospice, being the designator here, is invisible, so this is a direct conflict. We would prefer to register the standard orthography (Unycorne; the i/y switch is not a problem) for greater consistency in filing and conflict checking in the future. The policy here would be similar to that of our registration of the fully-spelled out "Saint" rather than the scribal abbreviation "St.". The client may certainly use it with an initial "v", as that was a fairly common usage in period, but for consistency's sake we would register the standard form. 02/92

Tamara Tysjachyvolos. Badge. Gules, a Moorish hair brooch throughout fesswise Or.

In spite of its appearance in the Pictorial Dictionary, we are dubious of the acceptability of the "Moorish hair brooch" as an heraldic charge. The only extant registration was in 1975 to Alysse of Graedon. 8/90

Tamara Tysjachyvolos. Name and device. Gules, a Moorish hair brooch throughout fesswise between three card piques Or.

There was a strong consensus among the commenters who know something of Russian that the byname is incorrectly formed. Would the submitter consider the more correctly formed "Tisiachivólosova" or "Tisiachivólosina"? In spite of its appearance in the Pictorial Dictionary, we are dubious of the acceptability of the "Moorish hair brooch" as an heraldic charge. The only extant registration was in 1975 to Alysse of Graedon. 8/90

Tanaka Raiko. Device. Sable, three cranes' heads couped and conjoined at the beaks Or.

Conflict with Squire (Papworth, p. 934), Sable three swans erased Or. There is one CD for the arrangement of the primaries, but nothing for the change to type (as stated in the LoI). 05/92

Tanarian Brenaur ferch Owain fab Bran. Badge. [Fieldless] On a lozenge Or, on a compass star gules a daffodil blossom Or, counterchanged per chevron abased throughout.

"Fieldless" badges consisting of a charged lozenge have always been treated as fielded armory displayed on a lozenge, a standard form for heraldic display. (Were such allowed, Laurel would be the first to submit "[Fieldless] On a lozenge gules, in pale three lions passant guardant Or", with five CDs from England: one for fieldlessness, one for type of primary charge, one for number of primary charges, one for tincture of primary charge, and one for the addition of the tertiary charges. As may be seen from this, the restriction of fieldless badges consisting of a charged lozenge is not unreasonable.) Taken as a fieldless badge, this proposal contains a quarternary charge, which has not been allowed for many years. As many commenters noted, the counterchanging here, through three layers and dependent in part upon the precise placement of the charges on the field and each other, can be considered excessive. 02/92

Tanarian Brenaur ferch Owain fab Bran. Badge. [Fieldless] On a lozenge fesswise argent, a Welsh tricolor corgi dormant argent.

As noted above, "fieldless" badges consisting of a charged lozenge have always been treated as fielded armory displayed on a lozenge, a standard form for heraldic display. There is not a widely understood default for a "Welsh tricolor corgi", and so this falls afoul of recent precedent regarding the use of "proper" in armory. 02/92

Tanarian Brenaur ferch Owain fab Bran. Badge. Gules, ermined Or, a Celtic uncial T counterchanged.

While badges (and devices too) may have letters on them, they may still not consist of a single letter or abstract symbol. Hence, this has to be returned. Additionally, the counterchanging of the ermine spots over the edges of the charge significantly reduces its identifiability. 08/91

Tanarian Brenaur ferch Owain fab Bran. Name for Ty de Cymn Mwyaf-Newdd.

While the submitter requested corrections to the grammar of the household name (which would appear to be Ty De Gymru Mwyaf Newydd) the problem is that "Newest South Wales" presupposes a "New South Wales", which is a provably post-period place. 08/91

Tanarian Brenaur ferch Owain fab Bran. Name for alternate persona of Medeni ferch Tanarian.

There are two problems with this name. First, it was submitted last time as the name of a dog. It was noted in the return then that we do not register names and armory for non-humans. Second, Medeni was submitted last time as the submitter's mundane given name; as the forms note, this submitter's legal given name is Lisa. Medeni was not documented and thus cannot be registered. 08/91

Tanglewyst de Holloway. Device. Per bend sinister argent and purpure, two catamounts couchant bendwise sinister within a bordure counterchanged.

As noted in the prior return in the LoAR of January 1991, "The posture of the cats is not really blazonable, as they are not in any standard heraldic posture." While the resubmission here addresses the prior conflict, the first reason for return (the cat's posture) remains, as the cats here are in an identical posture. 6/92

Tanglwyst de Holloway. Device. Or, in pale an eagle displayed sable, armed and membered gules, between two catamounts courant bendwise sinister to base purpure.

The posture of the cats is not really blazonable, as they are not in any standard heraldic posture. Conflict with Germany, Or, an eagle displayed sable. There is a single CVD, for the addition of the catamounts. 01/91

Tashuurdai Ech'e Mongghol Ghachar. Name.

The correct formation for the meaning that the submitter desires would appear to be Tashuurdai Monhggholaas, but as he would permit no changes whatsoever, we have to return this name. 02/91

Tearlach McFarlan. Device. Azure, on a pale between a pair of wings argent a comet azure.

Conflict with Atlantia's badge for their Brewmeister, Azure, on a pale between two mugs argent, a unicornate natural seahorse azure, and with Klement St. Christoph, Azure, a pale argent, in fess three trefoils counterchanged. 9/90

Tegen Meanbh. Device. Per bend sable and gules, a crescent bendwise counterchanged, fimbriated argent.

There are a couple of problems with this proposal. First, for some time now the College has been drawing closer and closer to mundane armorial practices of only allowing ordinaries to be fimbriated. Second, fimbriating a crescent which is counterchanged of the (low contrast) field across the line of division becomes confusing visually, which the non-standard (though acceptable) orientation of the crescent only exacerbates. This proposal is, as Lord Dragon noted, "basically thin line heraldry with some confusing counterchanging going on in the background". 11/91

Teleri Tawel. Device. Sable, a winged mouse sejant erect, tail knowed in base, Or, wings marked vert.

The markings on the wings are too obvious, especially given the contrast of vert on Or, to be dismissed as either diapering (which is normally done in a different shade of the same tincture) or artistic license. Thus this falls afoul of the ban on knotwork in armory. 05/92

Temparia Cridhe Dubh. Name change from Anastasia Dmitryevna.

Rule II.3 states that "new name elements, whether invented by the submitter or borrowed from a literary source, may be used if they follow the rules for name formation from a linguistic tradition compatible with the domain of the Society and the name elements used." No one in the College could find anything closer than the Latin word "temparius" ("at the right time, seasonably"). 04/91

Terrance the Brave. Device. Or, vetu vert, two shillelaghs in saltire sable.

The shillelaghs are not the standard depiction of such. These are more "sticks". Because there is no heraldic difference between vetu and a lozenge or lozenge throughout, this conflicts with the flag of Brazil (Inglefield's Flags, p. 120), Vert, on a lozenge Or a celestial sphere azure. There is only one CVD for the changes to the tertiaries. 02/91

The Summits, Region of. Device. Azure, a dance argent, overall a griffin segreant queue forché counterchanged maintaining in dexter forepaw a grail environed of a laurel wreath Or.

While in the past arms have been registered to the regions of Ansteorra and Calontir, a number of commentors questioned whether this is a precedent we should still follow. In a discussion with the Chairman of the Board of Directors, she recommended against the registration of the names and armory of regions. Might we suggest that the region send in the paperwork for a change in status to that of principality? We can't register the arms without a name. Additionally, as a number of commenters have noted, the counterchanging of the complex overall charge over the complex primary may be considered too much because it breaks up the outline of both charges to an excessive degree. 7/91

Thea von Bayern. Badge. Sable, an edelweiss argent seeded Or.

Conflict with Hanford (Papworth, p. 695), Sable, an eight pointed estoile argent. The visual resemblance between an edelweiss flower and an estoile is overwhelming. 9/90

Thea von Bayern. Device. Sable, an edelweiss argent seeded within an orle Or.

Conflict with Hanford (Papworth, p. 695), Sable, an eight pointed estoile argent. The visual resemblance between an edelweiss flower and an estoile is overwhelming. 9/90

Thelic of Darktide. Transfer device to Michael the Dark.

The client released this device when he registered his device change in April of 1991. Thus, he no longer has the authority to transfer it. Additionally, no letter transferring the device has yet been received from the submitter, so even if he hadn't released it we still could not transfer this. 05/92

Thelic of Darktide. Change of device. Quarterly Or and argent, a panther's head erased sable, incensed gules.

Conflict with the badge for the Queen's Escort of An Tir ("Quarterly Or and argent, a lion's head erased sable, crowned, environed of a wreath of hearts, points to center, alternating with roses gules, barbed and seeded proper."). This was accidentally placed in the "Approvals" section of the June LoAR. 8/90

Theresa de Foxton. Name for House Drake Enthorned.

Conflict with Drake Pursuivant, and with the household name Drakeshalle, registered to Miscell of Lyonesse. In each case the only difference is the addition of the adjective, which is insufficient. Additionally, nearly every commenter found "enthorned" to be an unlikely construction. 11/91

Theresa of Three Mountains. Device. Argent, on a bend sinister between a unicorn's head couped and a harp vert, three crescents argent.

First of all, there was no emblazon included in the LoI. Hence this would be returnable for that alone. However, the name Theresa of Three Mountains was listed on the Heraldic Submission Information Sheet as a holding name formed by the kingdom. As has been noted before, kingdoms may not form holding names. 7/91

Thingvöllr, Shire of. Name.

Conflict with Thingvellir, in Iceland, an extremely important and well-known site in their history. (And, not incidentally, the site of the Althing, the oldest continuously-meeting democratic government in the world.) As Thingvellir is found in general reference books (Encyclopedia Brittanica, volume 11, p. 709), it is clearly important enough to protect. 3/92

Thomas Blackkeep. Device. Sable, in pale a triangle inverted and a triangle conjoined gules, fimbriated argent.

Prior commentary and earlier Laurel precedents have favored limiting the use of fimbriation to ordinaries at the center of the field (see Alisoun macCoul of Elphane, LoAR of 27 August 1989, page 21. 06/91

Thomas Blackkeep. Device. Argent, in pale two triangles, points to center conjoined, gules within a bordure sable.

Conflict with Andre du Marche, Argent, an hourglass gules, framed sable, within a bordure sable masoned argent. The overwhelming visual similarity between these two devices when held up side by side will not allow us to register this. 01/92

Thomas du Lac. Badge. Gyronny argent and azure, a fleur-de-lys sable within a bordure argent.

Just as you may not have a compony bordure that shares a tincture with the field, neither may you have a plain bordure which shares the tincture with a gyronny field as here. 10/91

Thomas du Lac. Badge. Gyronny azure and argent, a fleur-de-lys sable.

Conflict with Fishbourne (Papworth, page 46), Argent, a fleur-de-lys sable. There is only one CVD, for the changes to the field. 06/91

Thomas Hambleton. Device. Or, a chevron and in chief two dragon heads erased respectant sable, breathing flames gules.

Conflict with Berton (Papworth, p. 376), Or, a chevron sable. There is only one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 10/91

Thomas Hawkwood the Archer. Device. Quarterly counter-ermine and ermine, a kirin Or maintaining an arrow and a dove argent.

There is no heraldic monster called a Kirin. There is a similar Chinese charge called a Ch'ilin (Chinese unicorn), but it doesn't look all that similar to the submission. As a consequence the blazon does not reproduce the emblazon, making this unregisterable. 06/91

Thomas Michaelson of Gloucester. Device. Azure, in pale a dolphin embowed and a shark embowed to base contourny argent, a bordure wavy Or.

The use of two very similar but different charges in the same group here is not Period style and is in fact not registerable by prior Laurel precedent (see, e.g., LoAR of 30 April 1989, p. 6). 6/92

Thomas Schwyzer. Badge. Or a cross-crosslet azure between four roses gules, barbed and seeded proper.

Conflict with Breton (Papworth, p. 614), Or, a cross-crosslet azure. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. 08/91

Thomas Tremayne. Device. Azure, a pale Or between two bears combattant argent.

Conflict with Spedding (Papworth, p. 1005), Azure, a pale Or between two daggers argent hilted and pommeled of the second; and with Uwaine les Avoutres (Fabulous Heraldry, no. 760), Azure, a pale Or. There is but a single CVD for the change to type of secondaries or their addition, respectively. 08/91

Thomas Wilhelm Claegburne. Device. Argent, an anvil sable, issuant therefrom to chief flames proper.

Conflict with Richard of Black Iron, Argent, a single horned anvil reversed sable, enflamed proper. The only difference is between fully enflaming the anvil and enflaming it only to chief: a single CD at best. 11/91

Thora Arnketil. Name change to Arnketilsdottir.

Name changes require the proper fee. Since the fee was not included, we cannot process this. Additionally, no documentation was presented for the appropriateness of using the patronymic particle -dottir with Arnketil. 7/91

Thorbjorn inn Mikligerzki. Device. Per pall inverted checky argent and azure, argent and vert, in pale an anvil sable and a quill pen fesswise Or.

The style of this device is sufficiently modern to be grounds for return. The triply parted field, one of whose divisions is itself parted, is modern in appearance and unbalanced, and the checky portion confuses the lines of division and the outline of the anvil. 01/92

Thorfinn Mac an Bhreithbeamhan. Device. Azure, two stags combattant at gaze argent and a comet Or, within a bordure of flames proper.

Bordures of flame have not been allowed for some time now. "There is a standing precedent against the use of bordures of flame." (Alisoun MacCoul of Elphane, LoAR of 25 February 1990, p. 18) 01/91

Thorgeirr in vikverski Karlsson. Device. Paly gules and argent, a Bowen knot with square corners sable.

Conflict with the badge of Bowen (Fox-Davies' Heraldic Badges, p. 80), [Fieldless] A Bowen knot. There is a CVD for fielded vs. fieldless, but nothing for the tincture against a tinctureless badge, and the squaring of the corners is not sufficient for a second CVD. 01/91

Thorgrim Bjarnisson. Device. Argent, a bend sinister between a sword inverted and a battle-ax sable.

Conflict with Bisset (Papworth, p. 183) Argent, a bend sinister gules, there is only one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 3/92

Thorvald Macconachie. Device. Gules, a fess enarched argent between in chief three lozenges Or pierced sable, and a lion's head cabossed Or.

Conflict with Austria (Woodward, p. 454), Gules a fess argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the secondaries. There is not a second for the enarching of the fess. 08/91

Thorvald Redhair. Badge for House Redhair. [Fieldless] A pheon purpure.

Conflict with the English royal badge, A broadarrow. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but nothing for tincture or for the difference between a pheon and a broadarrow. 02/92

Thurwulf Ragnarsson. Device. Per pall gules, sable and Or, two ravens addorsed counterchanged, in chief an estoile in soleil between two sprigs of mistletoe argent.

This is not Period style and is too close to slot machine heraldry, having three different types of charge in what could be considered a standard heraldic arrangement on a per pall field. The "estoile in soleil" is not something I think we wish to encourage, nor is the mirror symmetry of the entire device. 12/91

Thylacinus Aquila of Dair Eidand for the House of Dair Eidand. Blazon correction. Sable, a tree blasted argent, leaved of flames proper.

The blazon in the armorial ("a tree blasted argent, in chief flames proper") more accurately matches the colored emblazon in the files than the "correction". 11/91

Thyri Haraldsdottir. Device. Sable, on a bend Or three bendlets gules, in sinister chief a lion's head erased.

The tincture of the lion's head was accidentally left out of the LoI. It is Or, and therefore this conflicts with Isack (Papworth, p. 201), Sable, a bend and in sinister chief a leopard's head Or. There is one CD for the addition of the tertiary bendlets. 6/92

Timoteo Hilario e Fraga da Vega. Name.

Had the submitter allowed any changes, we could simply have added an "i" to the byname, and registered it as Timoteo Hilario e Fraga da Veiga, but his forms specifically permitted no changes whatsoever, so we dropped the mixed Portuguese/Spanish to register the device under a holding name. [Had he allowed changes, the addition would not, if you will pardon the pun, have made "an iota's worth of difference" to the pronunciation.] 10/90

Timothy Patrick of the Fretted Mind. Name.

The epithet does not make sense in any of the meanings given in period from the OED. Would the submitter consider "the Fretful"? 04/91

Tirion ferch Megan. Name and device. Per pale vert and sable, a horse salient reguardant Or, collared and chained gules.

The lack of a date in the citation in Gruffudd and the fact that Tirion is documented as a placename in Period in Celtic Remains, combined with the lack of any evidence of Tir- as an element in compound names forces us to request Period documentation of Tirion as a given before we can register it. The device conflicts with Rietheim (Siebmacher, plate 30), Argent, a mule rampant Or. There is only one CVD for the field. 08/91

Titus Flavius Aurelianus. Device. Gules, a four-winged thunderbolt within a bordure Or.

Conflict with the Ermine Street Guard, an English Roman legion recreation group. There is one CVD for the addition of the bordure. See RfS I.3 and I.3.a for the applicable principles. 7/90

Titus the Alchemist. Device. Vert, in pale a ferret statant guardant to sinister argent and a mullet gyronny of ten argent and sable, within a bordure embattled Or.

Charges may not be gyronny of more than eight, per the LoAR of 22 March 1983. Would the submitter consider simply "a mullet argent"? 9/91

Tjorkell Kannë. Name change from Thorkell Kane and device. Per chevron inverted enhanced nebuly argent and sable, a griffin displayed counter-changed, fore-membered gules.

The evidence in Geirr Bassi is not very strong for Tjor- as a protheme. However, the most serious problem with the name is that the submitter only documents Kannë from a map of modern Belgium/Luxembourg. Without evidence that (1) it existed in period, and (2) that using an unmodified placename is a standard naming practice for any of the languages involved, this must be returned. The device is not per chevron inverted, it is not a pile (not even a Tudor pile), nor is it a chief triangular. The complex line of division of the "per chevron" counterchanged over the griffin reduces the identifiability of both. The alteration of the forelimbs of the monster further reduces identifiability. Armory has been returned in the past for having a charge overlying a chief and also for counterchanging an animate charge over a complex ordinary. Visually we have both here. 08/91

Tjorvi Lodinsson. Device. Or, on a cupping glass azure, a wolf passant Or, a bordure azure.

Conflict with Dirby (Papworth, p. 687), Or, an escutcheon within a bordure azure, and with Thomas Smyth of Ayre, Or, upon a dexter gauntlet clenched aversant palewise azure, an anchor Or, all within a bordure azure. Versus Dirby there is only one CD for the addition of the tertiary. We do not believe we can grant any difference between a cupping glass and an inescutcheon, as the cupping glass is in exact outline of one of the standard escutcheon shapes. Versus Thomas Smyth of Ayre, there is a CD for the change to type of the primary, but nothing per X.4.j.ii for the change to type only of the tertiary. (An inescutcheon, or a cupping glass, is not an ordinary or similarly simple geometric charge for the purposes of this rule. 4/92

Tobias Alan MacKenzie. Badge. Per fess azure and sable, an tree blasted and eradicated Or.

Conflict with Huette Aliza von und zu Ahrens und Mechthildberg, Vert, a tree blasted throughout Or, with Lambrinck (Renesse, vol. 4, p. 51), Azure, a tree blasted Or, and with Boys, (Papworth, p. 1113), Gules a tree of three branches eradicated Or. In each case, there is one CD for the change to the field. 6/92

Tomas Luis Rodrigues de Segovia. Device. Per saltire argent and paly argent and azure, in pale two lutes bend sinisterwise azure.

The primaries as drawn are not lutes: they are mandolins, a post-period artifact. Additionally, they are in trian aspect. For both these reasons this must be returned. 10/91

Tora-no Shida Gozen. Name.

As nearly as we can tell, in addition to possible problems with the construction of the name it appears to have no given. Gozen is documented by some commenters as a feminine title. We are having to return this for rework and better documenation. 11/91

Torcail Ghilleghaolain. Badge. [Fieldless] On a tower sable an annulet of four Stafford knows argent.

There are two problems with the badge. First, it conflicts with Frederick of the West Tower (SCA), Argent, a tower sable on its base a cross patonce voided argent. There is one CVD for fieldlessness but not a second for the change to type only of the tertiary. Second, there is a problem with the identifiability and reproducability of the "annulet of four stafford knots". Similar designs have been returned since at least January 1988. 08/91

Tore av Uddevala. Device. Vert, on a chevron inverted between three annulets of five mullets each, Or, a hammer and a chisel inverted gules.

The clusters of stars (besides reminding everyone of nothing so much as a five-star general's insignia) are not period style and are intrusively modern. 02/91

Torontál Erdélyi. Name.

This is being returned because of the lack of documentation of Erdélyi as a given name (no documentation at all was included with the forms aside from the submitter's statements on the forms regarding the name elements). 01/91

Torres d'Yvorie, Leornung-hus. Name and device. Purpure, a tower and on a chief embattled argent a laurel wreath purpure.

The name violates RfS III.2.a, which states "each phrase may contain only one language and all the words in that phrase must be grammatically correct. Anglo Saxon and Old French are different languages. Additionally, no petition from the submitters was included, as required by the Administrative Handbook, C.5. (No conflicts were noted for the device.) 9/91

Torres Rewel, Loernung-hús. Name.

The use of "rewel" here is not likely, even by the submitters' own documentation. 7/90

Torric inn Bjarni. Name.

By the submitter's own documentation inn Bjarni does not appear to be the correct form. Since he allowed no corrections to grammar or spelling, we couldn't correct it. (The correct word for bear appears to be "bjorn".) 7/91

Torric of Three Mountains. Badge. [Fieldless] On a sun Or a tower sable, masoned Or.

Conflict with Stefan of Sewood, Azure, on a sun Or, an eagle displayed sable. There is one CD for fieldlessness, but not another for type only of the tertiary. 4/92

Treloch, Shire of. Name.

The submitted form appears to be very unlikely, and contains elements from two different languages which do not appear to have been combined in period. Similar, documentable forms would appear to be the Cornish Trelogh (farm by the lake), or the Gaelic Trilochan (three lochs), both documented by Lord Dragon in his LoC. 05/92

Trevelyan Morningstar. Name.

Trevelyan is a Cornish placename. The client needs to have a given name. 02/92

Triaria d'Orleans. Device. Azure, a heart Or within an orle of gouttes d'eau.

Conflict with Robert de Termes (Renesse), Azure, a heart Or, as cited in the LoI. While de Renesse has only been recently been added to the list of protected armory, as noted by Lady Triton we have been calling conflict from de Renesse since at least September 1990. The recent addition of Renesse to the protected items list was merely an acknowledgement of this policy. 05/92

Triaria d'Orléans. Device. Azure, a heart Or within an orle of gouttes d'eau.

Conflict with Robert de Termes (Renesse, Volume 3, p. 357), Azure, a coeur Or. There is one CD for the addition of the secondaries. 12/91

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Badge for Kingdom Historian. Azure, an open book argent charged with a triskele and an hourglass azure. 06/90

Conflict with Yale University (Neubecker), Azure, an open book argent charged with Hebrew letters sable. There is one CVD for the changes to the tertiaries. Two are needed. Making this a fieldless badge would clear that conflict. 06/90

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Watchful Flame.

Conflict the Barony of the Flame and the Flame Pursuivant. The addition of the adjective "watchful" is insufficient in each case. 10/91

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Mermaid's Pearl.

Conflict with the Order of the Pearl, registered to Atlantia. 02/92

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Badge. [Fieldless] On a triskele gyronny arrondy of six, azure and argent, a sun counterchanged.

The sun lost its identifiabiity because of the complex counterchanging. 01/91

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Trimarian Sword.

Conflict with the Royal Order of the Sword (Sweden) and with the Knights of the Sword as listed in the old Armorial and Ordinary. Addition of the adjective Trimarian is insufficient. 08/91

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Herauldes Tressure.

Conflict with the Tressure Pursuivant registered to the Kingdom of Ansteorra. 08/91

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Morningstar of Trimaris.

Conflict with House Morningstar. Addition of the Kingdom name is insufficient. 10/91

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for Order of the Black Widow.

The name is in conflict with the already registered Widow's Abbey, with the only real change being the addition of the adjective. However, a more serious problem is that registration would imply the acceptance by the Society of an order, membership in which is based on gender. If we are not willing to accept an order all of whose members could only be male, we should not give our "stamp of approval" to one whose members can only be female. 08/91

Trimaris, Kingdom of. Name for Order of Black Widows.

Despite the contention in the LoI to the contrary, this name is indeed a conflict with Widow's Abbey per RfS V.2. Addition of an adjective is insufficient difference. Since we can grant no difference for the identifying designator (per V.4.d.), this is a conflict. As noted by Lord Batonvert, "Abbey" in Widow's Abbey performs the same function as the word "household" in the same position would. If the word "household" is the designator in "Widow's Household", "abbey" is the designator in "Widow's Abbey".

As for the argument in the LoI that a black widow is "a thing, a critter, a two word noun", if the College were to have to consider this submission on those grounds alone this would have to be returned, since the name "black widow" was not given to the spider until early in the 20th century (the earliest citation is 1927), well after the Society's 1600 cut-off date. (The arachnid is not itself native to the Americas, but was brought into this hemisphere in the late 19th or early 20th Century from the Far East.)

Regarding the "imposition" (as stated in the LoI) "of mundane political values upon the medieval functions of the Society", and the notion that the SCA is "not the DNC, Rainbow Coalition, ACLU, or any other mundane group", it must be reiterated that the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. is a 20th Century non-profit, educational corporation which has to obey a lengthy list of national, state, and local regulations before it can begin to impose its own rules upon its members. (Appendix A to Corpora notes that "The SCA, Inc. as a corporate person, along with all of its members as citizens, must obey the law of whatever jurisdictions apply to them in exactly the same fashion as all other corporations or citizens of those jurisdictions.") As an officer of that corporation, the Director of Heraldic Research for the SCA, Inc. does have certain responsibilities to ensure that his actions in fulfilling the duties of his office do not accept for the Corporation or imply acceptance by the Corporation of the actions or statements of any of its subdivisions (of which the "Kingdom of Trimaris" is one) which would knowingly violate any of those laws, including anti-discrimination laws.

As applied to this particular case, two written statements by the Corporation seem particularly on point: In the General Principles of the Rules for Submissions of the College of Arms it is stated that "no submission will be registered that is detrimental to the educational purposes or good name of the Society, or the enjoyment of its participants because of offense that may be caused, intentionally or unintentionally, by its use." The second is a reiteration of the Society's long-standing nondiscrimination policy made in the Minutes of the Meeting of the Board of Directors held January 12, 1992: "The Board affirmed that the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc., has no policy whatsoever of denial of membership or participation based on reasons of race, age, creed, color, gender or sexual preference." The "policy decision" which Lord Lymphad states is "reserved to the Board of Directors" has already been made. The stated purposes of the submitted "order" are in violation of that policy decision. This was verified in a conversation on this submission with the Steward of the Society, who noted that "the SCA specifically does not limit things by gender", and that such an order is "not appropriate to our non-profit status". The Director of Heraldic Research of the SCA, Inc. cannot in good conscience, unless specifically told to do so by his "boss", the Board of Directors of the SCA, Inc., register this.

[As a side note, and for those commenters who are unfamiliar with its history, the "Order of the Oleander" mentioned in the LoI has never been registered by the College, nor, according to the text of the return in the LoAR of February, 1990, can it be. The reasons in that case were more for the "ugly politics" and bad feelings caused by the controversy about its attempted registration than that it was a gender-specific award, but since the Oleander was mentioned in the LoI, I thought that its disposition should be noted here. It is not, as one commenter had thought, a joint badge and household name, but is and has been unregistered and unregisterable.]

The threat, stated in the LoI, that "whether or not it is registered", "the Order of the Black Widows will exist, publicly, with the Crowns' approval and the acclaim of the populace", is an affront to the ideals of medieval chivalry and honor which the text of the LoI claims to support. Nor is this the first time that an LoI from this Kingdom has made that threat to the College of Arms to bolster its argument that something should be registered. The submitting herald should note that continuing to use an Order name which has been returned by Laurel violates Corpora (VII.B.2 and VII.B.3), which states in pertinent part that "the names and insignia of these awards and orders [both armigerous and non-armigerous] must be ratified by the Laurel Sovereign of Arms."

As always, the submitters may appeal any decision made by Laurel to the Board of Directors, and the LoI stated the intent of the submitting herald to do just that if this were returned. 4/92

Tristian of Hag's Head. Badge. [Fieldless] Eight hearts voided and interlaced in annulo argent.

If the charge here is seen as consisting of eight hearts voided and interlaced, the voiding and interlacing is excessive (see RfS VIII.3). If seen as a unit, this is a closed loop of chain, reserved to members of the Chivalry. 04/91

Troy Torricson. Device. Checky Or and vert, on a chief argent a brown bear dormant guardant proper.

Conflict with Brockley (Papworth, p. 557), Checky Or and vert, a chief argent. There is one CVD for the addition of the tertiary. 08/91

Tuman Ellyozov. Name and device. Argent, two gargoyles counterpassant fesswise guardant azure each maintaining a sword gules, hilted Or.

The documentation included with the submission was all very well and good, but Lord Laurel does not read that much Arabic, much less anything in Cyrillic. The given appears to have only been documented as a coin (the "Pers." noted in the dictionary was an abbreviation for "Persian", not "personal name" as the submitter indicated). Gargoyles do not have a standardized heraldic form and hence cannot be registered. 02/91

Twae Linnes, Shire of. Device. Vert, a cross ermine, in bend two laurel wreaths Or and in bend sinister two castles argent.

This has the overwhelming appearance of marshalled arms, which the addition of the very thin cross only serves to accentuate. Thus, this must be returned per RFS XI.3.a. 3/92

Tymothy John of Silver Oak. Badge. [Fieldless] A trefoil within and conjoined to an annulet argent.

Conflict with Joseph of Silver Oak, Per chevron inverted sable and checky sable and argent, in chief a trefoil within and conjoined to an annulet argent. There is only one CVD, for fieldlessness vs. the field. 10/90

Tyra Seebjarnardottir. Name.

We could not verify the submitter's documentation for the patronymic. The closest similar name we could discover in Geirr Bassi was Snæbjorn, on p. 14. The submitter might consider constructing a patronymic from this documented form. 8/90

Tzigane Dreamspinner. Name.

Tzigane is not a name. Documenting it as a word is insufficient for registration as a given name. Dreams do not appear to be something that one can spin. 7/91

Ulbhaid nan Monadh Dhubh. Name and device. Azure, three viols in bend, their bows in cross, between two bendlets Or.

Ulbhaid was only documented as a placename, not a given name. ("Dhubb" as given in the LoI was a typo; the forms had the above form.) The device conflicts with Sylesdon (Papworth, p. 284), Azure, two bendlets Or. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the viols. 10/90

Ulf the Skraeling. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a wolf and a bear combattant counter-changed, a bordure embattled azure.

As has been ruled previously (in the LoARs of October 1990 and July 1991), the addition of a bordure does not remove the appearance of marshalling. A bordure is not one of the overall charges within the meaning of XI.3.a. 05/92

Ulfr Thunthar. Name and badge. [Fieldless] A woodaxe reversed argent.

The byname is incorrectly formed. It would appear that either "thunnt hár" or "thunnthár" would be correct, but as the client allowed no changes whatsoever, we are having to return this. The badge conflicts with Heyngeston (Papworth, p. 10), Azure, a battle axe Or, headed argent, the edge to sinister, and with Topor (Woodward, p. 3), Gules, a broad axe argent, the handle Or, the blade turned to sinister. In each case there is one CD for fieldlessness but nothing for the change in tincture of the handle only. 6/92

Ulrica of Lincoln. Device. Or semy of flames proper, a phoenix vert rising from flames proper.

Visual conflict with Aubrey Lowell (SCA) Or, an eagle displayed and dismembered wings inverted vert within an orle of gouttes de sang. The visual resemblance of these two devices, in spite of their technical difference, is overwhelming. The gouttes of flame, while blazoned as a semy, appear very much like an orle, and Aubrey's gouttes are very large. Everyone at the Laurel meeting felt that the visual similarities of the two devices overcame their technical differences. 02/91

Ulrich von Adlerberg. Badge change. [Fieldless] A heart sable.

Conflict with van Roden (Rietstap), Argent, a heart sable. There is only one CD for fieldlessness. 05/92

Ulrik Grimwolf de Montazure. Device. Sable, on a chevron between two wolves heads cabossed and a mountain couped argent, a chevron embattled gules.

Conflict with Bawdrick (Papworth, p. 481), Sable, on a chevron argent another gules, and with Hankford (Papworth, p. 481), Sable, on a chevron argent another nebuly gules. In each case there is a CVD for the addition of the secondaries, but the change to the line of division of the tertiary chevron is insufficient for another. 12/90

Ursula die Taube. Device. Erminois, on a torteau engrailed a compass star Or.

Conflict with Boncoeur (SCA), Ermine, on a sun gules a heart Or. There is a CVD for the field, but nothing for the change to type only of the tertiary. 8/90

Ursula von Bremen. Device. Argent, an estoile azure within a bordure dovetailed sable.

Conflict with Herst (Papworth, p. 694), Argent, an eight-pointed estoile azure. There is one CVD for the addition of the bordure. 04/91

Ursus Parvus. Device. Or, on a bear's paw erased sable a mullet argent.

Conflict with Gunter Schwartzbar (SCA), Or, a bear's paw palewise appaumy sable maintaining three maces, two in fess and one in pale, gules. There is one CVD, for the addition of the tertiary. There is no difference between a bear's paw and a bear's jambe, and the held charges per X.4.j. 01/91

Vaca del Mar, Shire of. Device. Sable, on a pile diminished argent, a manatee erect azure, in base a laurel wreath argent.

There is no such thing as a pile "diminished". A period (pre-Tudor) style pile would nearly touch the base point of the shield, and would not have room for a laurel wreath to pass underneath it. Would the submitters consider a laurel wreath overall counterchanged where it crossed the point of the pile?. 01/91

Vaca del Mar, Shire of. Device. Argent, a Manatee erect to sinister proper between two flaunches sable, overall a laurel wreath counterchanged.

Flaunches should not be surmounted by charges (Wilhelm von Schlüssel, April, 1983; Alisoun MacCoul of Elphane, LoAR 23 April 1988, p. 16). The manatee on the emblazon form, while blazoned as "proper", was not colored in and so is "argent, chased sable" and metal on metal. If the color they actually desire is "proper", and proper for a manatee is a "dark bluish-gray", would they consider making the manatee simply "azure"?. 06/90

Valaric Dalicieux. Device. Lozengy argent and vert, a horned and winged demon sejant affronty within a bordure gules.

There are two issues which came up in the commentary. The first is reproducibility of emblazon. Despite its appearance in the Armorial (one registered in 1978, the second used for a cant), there is some dispute as to whether there really is a standard heraldic depiction of a "demon", with the majority of those commenting feeling that the wide variety of "demons" in period art make the reproduction of the emblazon unlikely. The second issue is compatability and offensiveness. It would appear that demon imagery was symbolic of evil in every period religion which used it at all. All in all, the submitter would be better advised to use a different charge. 10/90

Valens of Flatrock. Augmentation of device. Vert, a bend azure, fimbriated Or, between a tower argent and a castle Or, as an augmentation, On a canton purpure fimbriated a cross of Calatrava Or.

The statement in the LoI that "the fimbriation of only two sides of the canton follows the model of how we fimbriate chiefs" is entirely correct. We do not fimbriate chiefs, and we do not fimbriate cantons. There were several suggestions as to how this might be fixed. The simplest is to give the canton a bordure Or. This will maintain the simplicity of augmentation and correct the problem of fimbriation of a one-sided subordinary. 6/92

Valentine Michael de La Fère. Badge. [Fieldless] A quill pen and a rapier crossed in saltire and overall a compass star all argent.

There are two problems with this badge. First of all, it is a single group of three dissimilar charges, which violates RFS VIII.1.a. Secondly, the minor axes of the compass star blend into the underlying charges making identifiability seriously problematical. 08/91

Valtaire Cromis von Morgenwind. Badge. Azure, in bend a mullet of nine points and a raven's head couped argent.

Though blazoned on the LoI as "Azure, a raven's head couped and in canton a mullet of nine points argent", the blazon above much more closely matches the emblazon. As such, it conflicts with Kathryn Seabright (registered elsewhere in this LoAR), Azure, in bend a compass star argent and a dogwood blossom argent, barbed vert. There is a CVD for the difference between a raven's head and a dogwood blossom, but nothing for the change to the mullet. (Regarding the request to check the forms for his device, the raven's head there is erased.) 8/90

Vanessa de Verona. Appeal of name return by Laurel.

No additional evidence was given to demonstrate that Vanessa either was a period name or that it should be considered SCA-compatible. Regarding the proposed change of the holding name, even while knowing the submitter's desires and the reasons therefore, Laurel had to agree with Trefoil that changing an existing holding name at the request of the submitter sets a bad precedent, and it is believed would be tantamount to a name change, which would require the submitter to pay for her next name (re)submission. In the interests of fairness to all submitters, the holding name (Valerie of Elfsea) remains unchanged. 9/90

Vanessa of Armorica. Device. Per bend sinister paly gules and argent, and counter-ermine.

Conflict with Aragon, Paly of ten argent and gules, as cited in the LoI. Rule X.4.a.ii specifies that a change to the line of division is worth a CVD; this is an addition of a line of division, which is forced by the change to the tincture of half the field and thus cannot be counted separately. 12/90

Varia the Soft Slayer of Belle Tain. Name and device. Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated argent between two harps Or all within a wingless dragon in orle engorged of its tail argent.

"Soft Slayer" makes no sense as an epithet. "Belle Tain" does not mean what the submitter thinks it does ("tain" refers to the tin backing of a mirror, not the mirror itself), and is aurally identical to the holiday "Beltane". And one may certainly not be the "slayer of Beltane", soft or otherwise. The dragon in orle on the device is completely unrecognizable as such. 01/91

Varia the Soft Slayer of Belle Tain. Badge. Sable, two harps interlaced in bend sinister Or.

Conflict with Landschaden (Rietstap), Sable, a harp Or. There is only one CVD, for the addition of the second harp. 01/91

Victor George Richard. Device. Gules, a scorpion inverted Or.

Conflict with Robin the Ruthless in Battel (SCA), Gules, a scorpion tergiant, maintaining in each pincer a heart, and in base within the curve of its tail another heart, all Or. There is a CVD for the orientation of the scorpion, but the hearts in Robin's device are so small that they amount to small hearts which cannot count enough for a CVD. (The visual effect of the heart within the curve of the tail is nearly identical to being a maintained charge.) 9/90

Victor MacCain. Device. Per pale sable and argent, two elks heads addorsed and conjoined, and on a chief a decrescent and an increscent, all counterchanged.

The total effect of the mirror imaging along the line of division (the beasts' heads and the chief and the tertiaries) is far too modern in style. Had the tertiaries been identical (or even better, if they had instead been, say, three crescents), this effect would have been mitigated. As it is, we feel it must be returned under VIII.4.d., Modern Style. 01/91

Victor von dem Stürme. Device. Per fess gules and ermine, in chief an Egyptian sphinx couchant argent.

Conflict with Niccolo Corvino (SCA), Per fess sable and ermine, in chief a lion dormant argent. There is only one CVD, for the change to the field. 8/90

Vidimer von An Tir. Name.

As a number of commenters noted, the languages of the locative do not match (German and Welsh). 8/90

Vin Oak, Shire of. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and Or, on a bend sinister vert between an oak tree proper and a bunch of grapes purpure, slipped and leaved vert, a laurel wreath palewise argent.

Conflict with the Order of the Oak, Barony of the Steppes (SCA). As for the device, while it technically is not, it certainly has the visual appearance of slot-machine heraldry. However, the real problem is that with four charge types and five tinctures exceeds the complexity limits of VIII.1.a. 7/91

Vincent McThomas. Device. Azure, an astrolabe argent and a ford proper.

As drawn in the large emblazon the primary is not really recognizable as an astrolabe. It has cutouts in it through which the field shows which are not found on a real astrolabe. Drawn correctly as an astrolabe, this conflicts with Eldham (Papworth, p. 1046), Azure, a plate, as cited in the LoI, with one CD for the addition of the ford, but nothing for the internal diapering of the primary (similar to the conflict between a moon in her plenitude and a plate). 6/92

Vinland, Shire of. Release of name.

This action is withdrawn at the request of the Principal Herald. 12/91

Violeta Pietra Aldobrandini. Badge. [Fieldless] Upon a golpe engrailed, a cross botonny gules fimbriated argent.

It was the general consensus of the commenters that the cross is too complex to fimbriate. 12/90

Viviana Wovenwood. Name and device. Per pale argent and Or fretty vert, in dexter a leaved branch issuant from chief proper and on a chief vert five annulets interlaced in fess Or.

As noted by a number of commenters, the byname appears highly unlikely. No documentation was presented to show that it was constructed on a Period pattern per RfS II.2.

The device has several problems. The first is the profound appearance of dimidiated arms, which the addition of the charged chief does not serve to diminish. The device is also right at the very edge of our complexity limits having four types of charge in four tinctures. Given the unusual arrangement and unbalanced design this is simply too much. 08/91

Vladimir Nikolai Petrovich. Device. Or, on a heart gules, a mullet voided and interlaced argent within a bordure vert.

Conflict with Edmund the Sentinel (SCA), Or, on a heart gules, a balance argent. There was some disagreement among the commenters as to whether or not the heart is a simple geometric charge which would qualify under X.4.j.2, allowing change of type only to a tertiary to grant a second CVD. Additionally, mullets of five points voided and interlaced have beend disallowed since the tenure of Wilhelm von Schlüssel (LoAR of 24 October 1979, reaffirmed by the Board of Directors as noted in the cover letter of 13 May 1991. 7/91

Waldt von Markheim. Badge. [Fieldless] Five ermine spots, one, two and two, vert.

Disconnected charges on a fieldless badge have been disallowed for some time now. This design fails to meet even the looser standard regarding "self-contained design" set last fall. 05/91

Walther von Erfurt. Device. Per bend azure and vert, a pegasus segreant to sinister argent.

Conflict with Donal MacAyre of Gorabh, Barry wavy gules and Or, a pegasus salient to sinister argent. There is only one CVD for the changes to the field. Versus Caradwen of Lynxcairne, Per bend sinister rayonny azure and gules, a horned pegasus salient to sinister argent, armed, unguled, winged, and crined Or, cited in the LoI, there is a CVD for the changes to the field and another for changing the tincture of what amounts to half of the primary charge. 06/91

West, Kingdom of. Title for Harpy Herald.

Conflict per RfS V.4.d with Harpyhold, the registered household of Allisandra Olympia Martiessa de Constantine. 12/90

Whyt Whey, Canton of. Device. Argent semy of cockroaches sable, a pomme within a laurel wreath vert.

This is being returned under RfS I.2., Offense. This general principle states that "no submission will be registered that is detrimental to the educational purposes or good name of the Society, or the enjoyment of its participants because of offense that may be caused, intentionally or unintentionally, by its use." Given the universally negative reaction of the commentors to this semy charge, it is believed that a significant percentage of the populace of the SCA will find this device so offensive as to reduce their enjoyment of and participation in SCA activities. 12/91

Wilhelm von Rothenberg. Device. Argent, three piles in point azure and overall a phoenix gules rising from a base of flames proper.

Conflict with Bryan (Papworth, p. 1026), Argent, three piles azure. Addition of the overall charge is only one CVD (per X.4.c). 04/91

William Bauer. Device. Quarterly gules and Or, a mullet of four points elongated to base counterchanged.

Conflict with Eleanor Leonard (SCA), [Fieldless] A mullet of four points distilling from its lower point a goutte. There is a CVD for fieldlessness, but nothing else. See the Cover Letter with this LoAR for a further discussion of the "blanket letter of permission" written by Eleanor Leonard. 9/91

William Blakeney. Name.

Conflict with William Blakeney, Baron Blakeney, the British commander who unsuccessfully defended Minorca against the French in 1756. 7/90

William Dougal. Name.

Conflict with William McDougall (1871-1938), a founder of the Field of Social Psychology, who has his own entries in the Encyclopedia Brittanica and Webster's Biographical Dictionary. 3/92

William Edwin de Gisors. Device. Quarterly gules and pean, a falcon displayed head to sinister Or, charged with a mullet of four greater and eight lesser points sable.

Conflict with Godard (Papworth, p. 318), Gules on an eagle displayed Or, an annulet for difference sable. There is a CVD for the field but we lack the second for change to type only of the tertiary. 08/91

William Fidgett. Device. Per bend sinister indented argent and sable, in dexter chief a skunk statant sable marked argent.

Conflict with Gareth the Russel (SCA), Azure, a skunk statant proper (Mephitis mephitis). There is one CVD for the change to the field but nothing for placement on the field since that is forced by the tincture change. [Irreverent comment from the commentary, "This emblazon has a bizarre resemblance to Pepe le Pew bouncing down a staircase."] [Irreverent comment from the Laurel meeting, "This armory stinks."] 7/91

William FitzGerald. Change of device. Per saltire azure and gules, a cross of four anchors Or.

Most of the commenters, and Laurel, have no serious problem applying the provisions of X.2 to very different types of crosses. Indeed, applying this standard, we can see this submission clear of Lanfranc (Fabulous Heraldry, #382), Per saltire azure and gules, a cross croslet Or. However, we believe that the standards to be applied in X.2 are somewhat stronger than those applied to obtain a CVD between charges. As a consequence, we cannot in good conscience call this clear of Prewes (Papworth, p. 617), Per saltire azure and gules, a cross potent Or (we see one CVD for the change to type of cross) or Calontir (SCA), Purpure, a cross of Calatrava Or (with one CVD for the change to the field, but less than a CVD for the change to the type of cross). 9/90

William MacAndrew of Balnagowan. Device. Azure, a wolf sejant erect reguardant maintaining a drum argent.

Conflict with Brees (Papworth, p. 98), Azure, a wolf rampant argent. There is possibly a CD for the large (but probably post-period) drum, but the difference in posture here from rampant is essentially moving one hind paw. This is insufficient for the necessary second. 11/91

William of Blakeney. Change of holding name from William of Vulcanfeldt.

The addition of the particle "of" is insufficient to difference this from William Blakeney. 02/91

William of Friedrichsburg. Device. Per fess Or and vert, two wyverns combattant gules.

Conflict with Thomas Hickson (SCA) Barry wavy and per pale azure and argent, two wyverns combattant gules. There is only one CVD for the changes to the field. 05/91

William of Wealdsmere. Device. Per chevron purpure and argent in base an anvil sable and on a chief or a hand sable.

Though the LoI stated that the name was submitted with the March LoI from An Tir, we couldn't find it. Secondly, the charge in base on the device does not match any heraldic anvil of which we are aware. 08/91

William the Boisterous. Name for Household of Risen Phoenix.

Conflict with the Order of the Phoenix. The addition of the adjective "Risen" is insufficient difference. 02/91

William the Silver Fox. Name.

Conflict with Sir William Fox, Prime Minister of New Zealand for a number of years between 1856 and 1873. Addition of the adjective is in this case insufficient. 7/91

Willow de Wisp. Augmentation. Per pale Or and vert, a willow tree eradicated sable, fimbriated Or, leaved counterchanged, as an augmentation on an inescutcheon in honor point Or, a mullet of five greater and five lesser points between in pale a crown of three points sable and issuant from base a demi-sun gules.

While the problem of charged inescutcheons (for augmentations) has been addressed in this resubmission (see also Jan w Orzeldom and Jonathan deLaufyson Macebearer, elsewhere in this LoAR), the problem of contrast (the other reason for which this was returned previously) has been worsened by moving the inescutcheon onto the foliage. Now, instead of being only one-third Or on Or, this is half Or on Or, virtually on both sides of the palar line of the field because of the Or field showing through the vert foliage on one side and because of the Or foliage on the other. The best suggestion (coming independently from two different commenters) was to place the inescutcheon entirely on the trunk of the tree, where it would have good contrast. 4/92

Windy Vale, College of. Device. Azure, within a laurel wreath inverted Or, a Boreas affronty argent.

Conflict with Cassandra de la Mistral, Azure, a Boreas (wind) affronty argent. There is only one CVD for the addition of the wreath. 7/90

Wintermist, Shire of. Badge for Guild of the Golden Mask. Azure, a mask of comedy between in fess two cubit arms Or, issuant palewise from a cloud argent.

The style of this badge is obtrusively modern. [I mean, c'mon, a smiling face sticking its tongue out at the viewer with its thumbs in its ears waggling its fingers?!] 10/90

Wlfric of Dernehold. Device. Quarterly gules, crusily Latin argent, and vert, a goblet Or charged with three gouttes de sang.

This device conflicts with various "(Field), a cup Or", found in Papworth. There is one CD in each case for the changes to the field but the gouttes on the cup are much less significant even than the unblazoned jewels thereon. They can therefore not be counted for the second necessary CD. 6/92

Wolfgang of Three Needles. Device. Vairy Or and gules, a fess sable, overall a sword within a bordure argent.

The sword lying as it does on the Or traits of the field is metal on metal. If the submitter would reverse the tinctures of the field so that the sword would then be lying on the gules traits (and draw the bordure a lot wider) this could be registered. 9/91

Wolfgang Travaal. Name.

As a constructed name, tra- would need to be shown to be a Dutch protheme compatible with the (here, deutero-) theme "vaal" (meaning grey-brown, drab). We could find no such theme or word in Dutch. Without some supporting documentation, we cannot register this. 3/91

Wulfgar Brandbeorn. Name and badge for House Brandbeorn of Angelstowe. [Fieldless] Four mullets of eight points conjoined in cross gyronny of sixteen argent and Or.

There is a problem with the locative of the household name. The best evidence that we can find would seem to indicate that it should be spelled Anglestowe or perhaps Englestowe. As the submitter did not allow corrections to the spelling, we are having to return this. Though blazoned on the LOI as argent, the mullets were actually gyronny of sixteen argent and Or. Gyronny of sixteen would not be allowed with a metal and a color; in two metals it is even less acceptable. Please inform the submitter that if he resubmits them as argent that this will be a conflict with the Archbishop and See of Sydney, Azure, four mullets of eight points in cross argent. 08/91

Wulfric of Santlache. Device. Sable, a chevron embattled between three hawk's legs couped contourny Or.

Conflicts with Tallant (Papworth, p. 455), Sable, a chevron between three eagle's legs erased Or. There is one CVD for embattling the chevron. 9/91

Wyvern Cliffe, Shire of. Device. Checky argent and azure, a wyvern erect gules within a laurel wreath lying as on a bordure vert.

The laurel wreath was virtually unidentifiable at any distance against the field (see RfS VIII.3 for the applicable principle). If the submitters would consider making the wreath gules, this problem would be greatly mitigated. 7/90

Yasmin bint Shamli. Device. Sable, a jasmine flower slipped argent between three suns Or.

Conflict with 22nd SS Volunteer Division (Hateful Heraldry #25), Sable, a gillyflower slipped leaved and budded argent. There is one CD for the addition of the secondary. (If this is arrangement considered as a single group of primary charges in pall rather than a primary between three secondaries, it conflicts with Lux Andre of Altumbrea, Sable, semy of suns in splendor Or, with one CD for the change in number of the charges but nothing else for changing the type and tincture of only one of the charges in the group. 6/92

Yngvar the Dismal. Badge. [Fieldless] An eagle stooping wings elevated and addorsed argent.

Conflict with Morden (Fairbairn's Crests, p. 339), A hawk, wings addorsed, argent, beaked Or, preying on a partridge proper. There is a CVD for fieldlessness, but the cumulative changes to the charge are insufficient for the second (hawk vs. eagle, stooping vs. preying, addition of the held charge). 11/90

Yseult de Lacy. Device. Azure, two bottle-nosed dolphins urinant respectant tails crossed argent, environing an estoile Or.

Although the dolphins were blazoned as the primary charge, standard blazon practice would put the estoile first. (This is clearer if you think of adding an annulet argent instead of the two dolphins.) Thus this is in conflict with Duffin (Papworth, p. 694), Azure, an estoile Or, with only one CVD for the addition of the dolphins. 06/91

Yseult of Broceliande. Badge. [Fieldless] Four scimitar blades in cross argent.

While we appreciate the note in the LoI that the submitter "has agreed to 'conjoin'" the blades, the emblazon, which is what we register, does not so show them. Most of the commenters had serious doubts about the identifiability of the charges. Would the submitter consider using entire scimitars? 7/91

Yusuf Ja'bar al-Timbuktuwwi. Badge. [Fieldless] In pale an eagle displayed, wings inverted argent, legged Or, a spear fesswise proper, and an elephant's head couped close Or, armed argent, all conjoined.

This submission has three different types of charge in standard heraldic arrangement, in pale, disallowed per RfS VIII.1.a. 06/91

Zoya von Günsburg. Name.

No documentation was included for Zoya, nor could any of the commenting heralds discover any. 04/91

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