Names from 13th Century Scottish Parliamentary Records
Articles > Names

Names from 13th Century Scottish Parliamentary Records

by Alys Mackyntoich (Alissa Pyrich)


  1. Introduction

The name data presented in this article were extracted from The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 (RPS), a fully searchable database containing the proceedings of the Scottish parliament from 1235 to 1707. The RPS database provides both transcriptions of the original documents with the original language and spelling intact and translations of the texts into modern English.

This article presents extracted name data from Latin parliament records during the reigns of the Scots monarchs Alexander II (1235-1249), Alexander III (1249-1286), Margaret (1286-1290), and John Balliol (1292-1296), as well as the Scottish parliaments conducted under Edward I of England (1291-1305). The name data extracted from these records include personal names, bynames and place names. The data are sorted according to the modern forms of the names, with the Latinized forms actually appearing in the documents noted. The raw data extracted from the documents is collected at the end of the article.

People using the data to construct SCA names should bear in mind that the spelling of proper names in Latin varies depending on the case of the noun. The nominative form (usually ending in –us) is noted when it does appear. This form is properly used for given names. The genitive form, used to construct patronymic bynames, usually ends in –i.

The data shows the following name patterns:

[given name] + de + [place name]

[given name] + [family name or inherited surname]

[given name] + filius + [father’s name in the genitive form]

[given name] + [family name or inherited surname] + de + [place name]

Bishops are often identified by the Latinized form of the seat of their bishopric. For example, Robert, Bishop of Glasgow, is identified as “Roberti Glasguensis.”

A small number of names found in the data are clearly Gaelic in origin, rendered into Latin. The names that are clearly Gaelic in origin show the following patterns:

Lawemundum McGreghere

Angusium filium Douenaldi

Anneesium filium Duncani McGregere

Dunkani Comitis de Fife, idem McDuf



The few women who appear in the data generally do not have independent bynames, but are defined by reference to their husbands or fathers, whose names appear in the same document. For example:

Margar’que fuit uxor Hugon’de Peresby

Margar’filie predicti comitis

Mariam uxorem eius



One woman is identified by her title: Marger’quondam comitisse de Carrik.




Masculine Given Names

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Absalom

Absalone

1248

Alan

Alanus, Alani

1235, 1255

Alexander

Alexander, Alexandri, Alexandro, Alexandrum

1235, 1255, 1256, 1285, 1293, 1296

Angus

Angusium, Anneesium

1293

Aymer

Aymerum, Eymery

1248, 1255

Bernard

Bern’

1293

Brian

Briano

1285

Colban

Colbani

1293

David

David, Dauid

1235, 1248, 1255, 1256

Donald

Douenald’, Douenaldi

1293, 1296

Duncan

Dunkani

1293

Edward

Eduardum

1296

Gamelin

Gamelini, Gamelinum

1255

Gaufrid

Gaufridi, Gaufrido

1235, 1296

Gilbert

Gilebertus, Gilberto, Gilbertum, Gilbertus, Gileberti,

1248, 1255, 1256, 1285, 1293

Henry

Henrico

1235

Herbert

Herberti

1296

Hugh

Hugo, Hugone, Hugonem, Hugonis

1255, 1285, 1293

Ingelram

Ingeramium

1296

James

Jacobus, Jacobi, Jacobum

1293, 1296

John

Iohannis, Johanne, Johannem, Johannes, Johanni, Johannis, Johnannis

1248, 1255, 1285, 1293, 1296

Lamond

Lawemundum

1293

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Luke

Luca

1248

MacDuf

MacDuf, McDuf

1293

Malcolm

Malcolmus, Malcolmi

1248, 1255, 1293

Maldouen

Maldoueni, Maldoueny

1248

Malise

Malisius, Malisio, Malisii

1255, 1285, 1296

Mathew

Mathei, Matheum

1296

Miles

Milonis

1285

Nicholas

Nicholai, Nicholaum

1255, 1296

Nigell

Nigellus, Nigelli

1255

Patrick

Patricius, Patricii, Patricio

1255, 1285, 1296

Peter

Petrus, Petro

1248, 1285

Radulph

Radulpho

1285

Ranulph

Ranulphi

1255

Raso?

Raso

1293

Richard

Ricardus, Ricardi, Ricardum, Rycardi

1255, 1296

Robert

Robertus, Roberti, Robertum, Roberto

1255, 1293, 1296

Roger

Rogerus, Rogeri, Rogero

1235, 1255, 1285

Stephan

Stephano

1248

Symon

Symon, Symone

1248, 1285

Thomas

Thome, Thomam

1248, 1255

Walter

Walterus, Walteri, Waltero, Waltero, Walterum

1255, 1293

William

Willelmus, Guillermi, Guillermum, Willeli, Willelmi, Willelmo, Willelmum, Williame (French)

1248, 1255, 1285, 1293, 1296



Feminine Given Names

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Margaret

Margaretae, Margar’, Marger’

1293

Mary

Mariam

1255





Family Names

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Avenel

Auenel

1235

Comyn

Comyn, Comyn ’, Cumi[n]

1255, 1256, 1285, 1296

Corbett

Corbet

1296

Cornet

Cornet

1285

Crock

Crock

1248

Giffard

Giffard

1255

Gurle

Gurle

1255

Marmeduke

Marmeduci

1296

Olifard

Olifard

1235

Seward

Syward

1296

Uviet

Uviet

1255

Wake

Wake

1296

Wishart

Wyscard, Wyschard

1255









Occupational or Descriptive Bynames

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Durward

Hostarius, hostiarii

1255

Blond

le Blund

1255

Le Despenser

le Despenser

1296

Marshal

Mariscallo

1235

Almoner

elemosinarium

1255

Clerk

clerico

1248

Deacon

decano

1248

Parson

persona

1248

Steward

senescallus

1255, 1293, 1296







Gaelic-Origin Bynames

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

MacDuff

MacDuf, McDuf

1293

MacKennedy

Mackenedi

1248

MacGregor

McGreghere, McGregere

1293









Place Names

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Aberdeen

Abbirden’, Abyrden ’

1255, 1296

Angus

Anegos

1296

Ardrossan

Ardrossan

1293

Argyll

Ergadia

1293

Atholl

Athol’

1296

Balliol

Balliolo, Baylloll ’, Baylol

1235, 1255, 1293, 1296

Bendochy

Bendhautin'

1256

Berwick

Berewik, Bereuuic ’, Berewyk

1293, 1296

Berwick upon Tweed

Berewik super Twede, Berewyk super Twed ’

1293, 1296

Blantyre

Blantir

1248

Blund

Blundi

1248


Bonekill

1296

Brechin

Brechyn, Brehyne

1248, 1255

Bruce

Brus

1255, 1293

Buchan

Buchan', Bouchan', Bochan, Buhhan

1255, 1285, 1296

Cadzow

Cadyhou, Kadiou

1255, 1296

Carrick

Carric, Carrik, Karrik

1255, 1293

Clement

Clementem

1255

Creich

Crey

1293

Cunningham

Cuningham

1296

Couttie

Cup[ar]macultin

1256

Drymen

Drumyn

1248

Dummernech

Du[m]m[er]nech

1255

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Douglas

Dufglas, Duveglas

1255, 1293

Dunbar

Dunbar, Dumbar

1255, 1296

Dunblane

Dunblain, Dumblan ’

1235, 1255

Dundee

Dunde

1293, 1296

Dundemor

Dundemor

1255

Dunfermline

Dunfermelyn, Dunfermel ’, Dunfermlin

1255, 1256, 1296

Dunkeld

Dunkeld', Dunkeldensis

1255, 1296

Durham

Dunelmensem

1293

Edinburgh

Edynburg, Edynburgen ’, Edinburgensis

1285, 1296

Eskdale

Eskedal'

1235

Fife

Fife, Fyf, Fyfe

1255, 1293

Flanders

Flaundr’

1293

Fordie

Fordoui'

1256

Galloway

Gaweye

1293

Gaur?

Gaur'

1293

Glasgow

Glasg’, Glasguensis

1255, 1296

Graham

Graham, Graham ’, Grahame

1248, 1255, 1296

Gueldres

Geler'

1293

Haddington

Hadigthon'

1296

Hastings

Hastinges

1296

Hay

Haya

1255, 1256, 1296

Hilton

Hilton’

1296

Huntercomb

Huntrecombe

1296



Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Inchturfin

Incheturfin

1256

Jedburgh

Geddeworth

1255

Little Keithock

Ketherkerbeg'

1256

Kelso

Kalkou, Kelchou

1255, 1296

Kirkintilloch

Kirkintolah

1285

Kirkliston

Listun'

1235

Lanark

Lanark, Lanarke

1293, 1296

Lennox

Leuenax

1248, 1293

Letarchore

Letarchore

1248

Lindsay

Lindes'

1255

Linlithgow

Linliskeu

1293

Lochawe

Lochaue

1293

Lochore

Louchor, Louchor ’

1255, 1256

Lothian

Laodonie, Laudonensi

1235, 1285

Mar

Mar, Marr ’

1255, 1293, 1296

March

Marchia

1296

Mauldslie

Maldislei

1296

Maxwell

Makisvell, Makyswell

1248, 1255, 1296

May

May

1293

Melrose

Melros

1235

Menteith

Menethet, Menetyef

1235, 1255

Meyners

Meyners

1255

Moray

Moravia, Moreuia, Morevia

1235, 1255

Mowbray

Mubray, Munbray

1255, 1296

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Mylis

Mylis

1285

Nenthorn

Nainstanthirl

1293

Newbattle

Newebolt

1255

Norfolk

Northfolchie

1296

Normanville

Normanvill

1255

Perisby

Perisby

1285

Perth

Perth, Perth ’

1256, 1296

Pinkeney

Pinkeney

1293

Preston

Preston

1285

Ramsay

Ramesheye

1255

Reading

Redinges, Reding’

1293

Restalrig

Lastalrigg'

1293

Rires

Reres

1293

Roxburgh

Rokysburg'

1296

Ross

Ros

1255

Saint Andrews

Sancti Andree, Saint Andreu (French)

1255, 1293, 1296

Soules

Soule, Soules, Sules

1255, 1293

Staunford

Staunford

1293

Stanforth

Staunforth’

1293

Strathblane

Stratblathan

1248

Strathearn

Stradherin, Strathern, Stratheryn

1255, 1285, 1296

Stirling

Strivelin, Strivelyn, Striuelin, Striuelyne

1248, 1285, 1293

Sutton

Sotton’, Sutton’

1293

Umfraville

Umfranuille, Vmfranuillle, Vnfrauille

1296

Modernized Form

Form Found in the Records

Years Found

Vaux

Vallibus

1255

Warenne

Warenn’

1296

Warwick

Warewyk’,

1296