"Misplaced" Names in Reaney & Wilson - Sorted By Header
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"Misplaced" Names in Reaney & Wilson - Sorted By Header

Jeanne Marie Lacroix
Last revised 20 October 2003

NameDateHeaderPageMeaning
Strangweder1249Allweather9'strong weather'
Wetweder1392Allweather9'wet weather'
Horsed1641Apehead12'horse head'
Shepesheved1276Apehead12'sheep's head'
Hundesheved1176Apehead12'hound's head'
Blakehalloc1243Ballock25'black testicle'
Gildynballokes1316Ballock25'golden testicle'
Barleg1297Barefoot27'bare-legged'
Baresanke1221Barefoot27'bare-legged'
Cordewaner1250-60Baron29[reference]
camerarius1250-60Baron29[reference]
Shaveberd1286Beardless34'shave beard'
Shereberd1306Beardless34'shear beard'
Coperbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Flaxbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Goldbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Ledbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Woderbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Wolbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Beaubraz1228Beaufront35'beautiful arms'
Beucol1327Beaufront35'fair neck'
Beaudonte1327Beaufront35'beautiful teeth'
Beaupel1218Beaufront35'beautiful skin'
Naso adunco1598Beck35'a beake-nose'
Birdclever1427Bird45'bird-catcher'
Burdclever1495Bird45'bird-catcher'
Brouneberd1379Blackbird46[brown beard?]
Withars1173-6Blackers46'white arse'
Bredhers1137Blackers46'broad arse'
Bladsmith1357Blader47a maker of blades, a bladesmith
Cecus1066, 1086Blind49'blind'
Blouhorn1275Blower50'blower' of the horn or bellows
Bordmakere1356Boarder50'maker of boards or tables'
Bordwreghte1332Boarder50maker of boards or tables'
le Bordhewere1327Boarder50maker of boards or tables'
Nequam Christianum1206Bonchristian52'hardly Christian'
Mal Christian1206Bonchristian52'bad Christian'
ligator librorum1273Bookbinder52'bookbinder'
Monoculus1212Born54'one-eyed, squint-eyed'
Abovetounc1240Bowton58'(dweller) above the village'
Aboventounc1240Bowton58'(dweller) above the village'
Brigerdler1281Bracegirdle59'maker of breech-girdles'
Brassehevede1301Brassett61used as a type of hardness, insensibility
Brasenhed1434Brassett61used as a type of hardness, insensibility
Brekpole1447Breaklance62'break pole'
Brekesckyll'1379Breaklance62'break sickle'
Sortleg1284Breakleg62'short leg'
Stifleg1363Breakleg62'stiff leg'
Bruselaunce1308Breakspear62[break lance?]
Bricelaunce1312Breakspear62[break lance?]
Brekeswerd1195Breakspear62'break sword'
Brodgirdel1275Broadbelt66[broad girdle, stout]
ploghbrocher1281Brooch67probably a maker of ploughshares
Beribroun1505-6Brownnutt68'brown as a berry'
le Bucmanger'1221Buck70a dealer in bucks or venison
Bucswayn1327Buck70perhaps a goat-herd
Bokelereplayere1379, 1381Buckler70'fencer'
Bokelerepleyer1379, 1381Buckler70'fencer'
Bokelsmyth(e)1384Buckler70'maker of buckles'
le Bokmakere1293Buckmann70[bookbinder, bookmaker]
Buleheued1195Bulled71[bull-headed]
Bolehead1317Bulled71[bull-headed]
Coufot1347Bullfoot72'cow-foot'
Oxefot1137Bullfoot72'ox foot'
Piggesfot1228Bullfoot72'pig's foot'
Rofot'1319Bullfoot72'roe foot'
cubicularius1052-65Burden73-74[Latin] 'bower-servant', 'chamberlain'
Boureyn1052-65Burden73-74'bower-servant', 'chamberlain'
Chacchehors1304Catchpenny87 'chase horse'
Cachemayd1392Catchpenny87'chase maid'
Caccheroo1315-16Catchpenny87'chase roe'
Kachevache1221Catchpenny87'chase cow'
Cacemoine1198Catchpole87'chase monk'
Chacefreins1195Catchpole87'get hold of the reins'
Cachefrensh1327Catchpole87'get hold of the reins'
Chacecapel1201Catchpole87'chase nag'
Cachefis1279Catchpole87'catch fish'
Chaceboef1218Chaser92'chase ox'
Chacecapel1201Chaser92'chase horse'
Chaceporc'1253Chaser92'chase pig'
Chacero1261-2Chaser92'chase roe'
de Scaccario1279Checker92[exchequer?]
cum frumento1176Cheese93a maker or seller of cheese
Chikehed1301Chicken94[chicken head]
Chykenmouth1327Chicken94[chicken mouth]
Infans1159Child94'child'
Candelmes1379Christmas96[one born on Candlemas]
atte Churchedoor1300Churchard97'church door-keeper'
atte Churchstighele1300Churchgate97'dweller by the church stile'
Coltbayn1256Cockbain102'colt's bone'
Schortbayn1327Cockbain102'short bone'
Longerbayne1296Cockbain102'longer bones'
Crakepole1242Crackbone114'crack pole'
Crakepot'1299Crackbone114'break pot'
Crakescheld1378Crackbone114'break shield'
Craketo1279Crackbone114'break toe'
Cranebayn1219Craneshanks115'crane bone' [long-legged person]
Curtemanchec1284Curthoys121'short sleeves'
Curtbac1226Curthoys121'short back'
Curtcol1193Curthoys121'short neck'
Curtesmains1208Curthoys121'short hands'
Courtpe1393Curthoys121'short foot'
Tomdoutter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
Anotdoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
Wilkynsondoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
Wryghtdoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
ffelisdoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
fistifasti1297Diriday135[exclamation]
Hidifidi1221Diriday135[exclamation]
Houdydoudy1326Diriday135[exclamation]
Placidacy1370Diriday135[exclamation]
Tarilari1276-7Diriday135[exclamation]
le Tournour1347Disher135[maker or seller of wooden measures for wine]
Canis1200Doggett137dog
Dogheafd1177-95Doggett137'dog-head'
Doggenecce1275Doggett137[dog neck]
Dogge(s)tayl1279-80Doggett137[dog's tail]
Dogeneck1268-73Dogshanks137'dog neck'
Doggeskin1247Dogshanks137'dog skin'
Doggetall'1201Dogshanks137'dog tail'
Doucedame1301Douceamour139'sweet lady'
Dusseberd1327Douceamour139'soft beard'
le Pakkedrawere1332Drawer141a drawer or carrier of packs of wool
mukdragher1340Drawer141a leader of dung, or, perhaps a scanvenger [sic]
Tothedrawer1422Drawer141 
Wyndrawer1373Drawer141 
le wirdragher1313Drawer141 
Drawelaunce1449Drawsword141'draw lance'
Dragespere1204Drawsword141'draw spear'
Siccusc1110Dray141dry, withered
Drink al up1282Drinkpin142'drink all up'
Drincorawe1327Drinkpin142'drink in turn'
Drinkepani1224-46Drinkwell142'drink-penny'
Dunchedeuelc1200-10Dunch145'hit the devil'
Liftfot1284Dustifoot147'left foot'
Slafot1379Dustifoot147'slow foot'
le Elymaker1344Elliman153[oil maker]
le Hernesesmaker1300Ernest157[harness maker]
Duble Harneys1276Ernest157[(a saddler) double harness]
Evelgest1199Evilchild158'evil guest, stranger'
Vuelhering'1272Evilchild158'evil herring'
Fairamay1327Fairbody160'fair friend'
Fayrandgode1301Fairbody160'fair and good'
Fayrarmful1246Fairbody160'fair armful'
Fayrboie1221Fairbody160'fair lad'
Fairdam1372Fairbody160'fair lady'
Fayrefelagh1327Fairbody160'fair fellow'
ffeyrmayden1340-1450Fairbody160'fair maiden'
Fairsire1309Fairbody160'fair sire'
le Fairewif1254Fairbody160'fair wife'
Coldwedre1327Fairweather161[cold weather]
Skoneweder1327Fairweather161[some type of weather]
Ilwedyr1316Fairweather161[ill-weather]
de la Klyf1346Fallas162[one who lives on a cliff]
Timor1200Fear165[fearful?]
ffyn(d)godeshurne1232, 1285Fingard168-9[possible nickname of a seller of choice merchandise]
Passeflambard1128, 12thcFlambard171'pass on the flaming torch'
Basseflambard12thcFlambard171'pass on the flaming torch'
Flouressone1325Flower172[Flour's son]
le fflourmakere1332Flower172maker of flour
Flourman1338Flower172'servant of Flower' or maker of flour
Floureman1309Flower172'servant of Flower'
Floureknave1309Flower172'servant of Flower'
Fulfair1208Follifoot173'very fair'
Fulredy1342Follifoot173'full of good advice'
cum pede1271Foot173[Latin, with feet]
Blleward1319Forward175[bull guard?]
Friendshippe1642Friendless178'friendship'
Gangishider1173Ganger183'goes here'
Cathermonie1193Gathergood186'gather money'
Gaderpeynye1285Gathergood186'gather pennies'
Gotokirke1279Gatorest186'go to church' [expression]
Goadebles1269Gatorest186'go to the devil' [expression]
Gawetobedde1269Gatorest186'go we to bed' [expression]
Go inthe Wynd1334Gatorest186(a foot soldier)
Latethewaterga1242Gatorest186'let the water go' [expression]
Gaypasc1248Gayspur187'one who walked with gay steps'
Gildenfot1209Gildeney190'golden foot'
Gildenher1263Gildeney190'golden hair'
Gyldynhels1376Gildeney190'golden heels'
Gyldentoo1455Gildeney190'golden toe'
Yivegoud1332Givenot192'give goods'
Gobiforn1212Gobbett194'go before'
Gobisid'1379Gobbett194'go beside'
Gobykerke1525Gobeley194'go by the church'
Gobithesti1208-9Gobeley194'go by the path'
Gobetheway1383Gobeley194'go be the road'
Godbiemidus1219Godhelp194'may God be with us' [expression]
Goduspart[1219?]Godhelp194'may God part us' [expression]
Godesgrace1220Godsafe195'by God's grace' [oathname]
Godesblescinge1225Godsafe195'God's blessing' [oathname]
Goddesbokes1308Godsafe195[oathname]
Godesfast1392Godsafe195[oathname]
Godsake1514Godsafe195[oathname]
Godthanke1275Godsafe195[oathname]
Godwotte1352Godsafe195[oathname]
Homedeu1216Godsman195name for clergyman or one noted for piety
Godeswowes1340-1450Godsname195'by God's grief' [expression]
Godeswones1378Godsname195'by God's dwellings' [expression]
Goodefader1418Godson195[good father]
Goudenhond1332Goldhead196'golden hand'
Godemorwe1327Goodheal198'good morning' [expression]
Goudtyd'1332Goodheal198'may good betide you' [expression]
Gosefot1212Goosebeard199'goose foot'
Goseheued'1208-9Goosebeard199'goose head'
Gosethrote1200Goosebeard199'goose throat'
Gosetunge1323Goosebeard199'goose tongue'
Gosonthegrene1289Goosebeard199'goose on the green'
Gangefeyr1451Gover201[go fair, one who walks gently]
Gracemauuais1247Grace201'the ungracious'
Graundben1295Grandamore202'great good'
Grauntfei1225Grandamore202'great faith'
Grauntfoly1379Grandamore202'great folly'
Grauntservis1312Grandamore202'great service'
le Orgraver1308Graver203'gold engraver'
le Selgraver1332Graver203'engraver of seals'
Greyeye13thcGraybeard203'grey eyes'
Grayfot1243Graybeard203'grey foot'
Greyleg1327Graybeard203'grey leg'
Greyschanke1279Graybeard203'grey shanks' [grey leg]
Graydere1373-5Graygoose203'grey deer'
Grehound1327Graygoose203'greyhound'
Shortshank'1379Greatshanks204'short legs'
Brokesanke1202Greatshanks204'broken leg'
Leafgrene1317Greenleaf205 
le Haubergier1201Habbeshaw210maker of hauberks or coats of mail
Havejoy1523Habgood210'may he have joy'
Havelove1259Habgood210'may he have love'
Hachchebutere1185Hackbon210'hack butter' [butter dealer]
Hakkeches'1227Hackbon210'hack cheese' [cheese dealer]
Hakepetit1202Hacksmall210'hack small'
Haccemus1148Hacksmall210'hack mouse'
Dimichevaler1213Halfnight212'a half-knight', probably one who held half a knight's fee
le Halveloverd1207Halfnight212'half-lord'
Halvedievel1212Halfnight212[half devil?]
Halfhund1203Halfnight212'half-hound'
Halfplow1327Halfnight212[owned a half-share in a plough]
le Halfnaked1324Halfrankish212'half naked'
Halfpound1335Halfrankish212'half pound'
Halfsnode1247-8Halfrankish212holder of a portion of woodland
Alfwytlof1296Halfrankish212'half a white loaf'
le Halywaterclerc1285Hallowbread213 
Handhamer1296Handas215'a small hammer'
Handsex[Ed I]Handas215'a dagger'
Hangeman1310Hanger215'hangman'
Hanggedogge1263Hanger215'hang dog'
Hardmete1275Hardfish216'dried meat'
Hardfist1287Hardhead216'hard fist'
Hardepate1249Hardhead216'hard pate'
Hardrybb1352Hardhead216'hard rib'
Hardsco1197Hardhead216'hard shoe'
cum capilloc1200Hare217[Latin, with hair]
Mytehare1253-4Hare217with the hair
Myttehere1253-4Hare217with the hair
Halsnoth1474Harsnett218[interchangeable names, other spellings included]
Hartestonge1559Hartshorn219'hart's tongue fern'
Hastebeuerage1181Hastvillain220'hurry with the drink'
Hastmanger1248Hastvillain220'hurry with the food'
Heyberare1382Haymonger223'a carrier, perhaps a seller, of hay'
Helpusgod1296Help226'may God help us'
Henteloue1327Hentwin227'seize the wolf'
Hidecock1286Hide231 
Hoglambe1218Hoggsflesh235'a young sheep before the first shearing'
Oggesfot1220Hoggsflesh234'hog-foot'
Hogsed1642Hoggsflesh234'hog's head'
Haldebytheheved1301Holdfast235'hold by the head'
Holdshrewe1379Holdfast235'hold the rascal'
Holydam1296Holyfather236'holy lady'
Holigost1354Holyfather236'holy spirit'
Halygode1327Holyfather236'holy God'
Holymoder[Hy 3]Holyfather236'holy mother'
Homo Diaboli1227Homedy237'man of the devil'
Hoppeoverhumbr'1220Hoppe238'hop over Humber'
Hopperobyn1306Hoppe238'hop Robin'
Hopop1435Hopshort238'hop up'
Horsdriuere1199Horseman239'horse-driver'
Horsknave1401Horseman239'stable-boy'
le Horsmongere1279Horseman239'horse-dealer'
Hundesege1180Houndfoot240'hound's eye'
Hundesnase1210Houndfoot240'hound's nose'
Hukechese1296Huckman242'cheese seller'
Huchpain1177Huckman242'bread seller'
Hucketrout1301Huckman242'a seller of trout'
Hurtemotoun1305Hurtheaven245'harm the sheep'
Hurteskeu1334Hurtheaven245'harm the sky'
Hurtevent1183Hurtheaven245'harm the wind'
Illechilde1297Illbode248'wicked child'
Illefoster1192Illbode248'wicked foster child'
Ilwicht1219Illbode248'wicked person'
Jolifaunt1349Jollyboy257'gay, vigorous child'
Jolifion1377Jollyboy257'gay John'
Jolyman1379Jollyboy257'gay man'
Jolyrobin1332Jollyboy257'gay Robin'
Joycors1222Joyful258'joyful person'
Killebole1327Killer264'kill bull'
Kilfole1442Kellog262 
Kingesbonde1205Kingsman265 
Kingesreive1208Kingsman265 
Kenegrom1235Kinman266[cow groom, herdsman?]
le Wollemongere1301Lainer269wool monger
Lancea acuta1109-22Lancecleave270with a sharp lance
Lastemaker1395Last272[last maker]
Bredleder14thc.Leader274[bread carter]
Cornlader1372Leader274[corn carter]
le Maltlader1294Leader274[malt carter]
Waterladar'1177Leader274[water carter]
Pleyledere1327Leader274[player/actor?]
le Lepmaker1338Leaper274'basket maker'
Lethercarver1404Leather274 
Lefthand1258Leffan275'left-hand'
Leftehand1390Leffan275'left-hand'
Jambe1221Legg276[leg]
Leuebarne1379Leifchild276'dear child'
de Insula1274Lisle281[locative]
Litilbaker1497Littlebond281'little baker'
Lytylbrother1485Littlebond281'little brother'
Lyttelfyngre1401Littlebond281'little finger'
Litilfot1209Littlebond281'little foot'
Lytelgrom1212-23Littlebond281'little servant'
Litelhand1203Littlebond281'little hand'
vocatus Litelrobyn1324Littlebond281[Latin] 'little Robin'
Crist a pres1301Littleproud281'Christ have peace' [expression]
Libbesofte1374-5Livelong281'live softly'
le Longebak1332Longenow283'long back'
Langabeard1642Longenow283'long beard'
Langhandc1095Longenow283'long hand'
Lungeiambe1212-23Longenow283'long leg'
Langnase13thcLongenow283'long nose'
Lengeteyll'1299Longenow283'long tail'
Longeto1291-2Longenow283'long toe'
Lutelheed1301Longhead284'little head', or perhaps 'little heed'
Noteheued1276Longhead284'nuthead'
Craneshank1507Longshank284'crane legs'
Langknyf'1332Longspey284'long knife'
Langstirap1183Longspey284'long stirrup'
Luvelavedy1297Lovejoy285'love lady'
Lovelyf'1326Lovejoy285'love life'
Luveswain1166Lovelace286 
Loustepsone1297Low286[Laurence's stepson]
Londoneys1279Lunniss288'the Londoner'
Matefelun1230, 1232Mafflin293'kill the felon'
Magotson1379Maggot293[Margaret's (Maggot's) son]
Maggekin1396Maggot293[Margaret's (Magge's)   kin or little Magge?]
Makeblith'1208Makejoy294'make joy'
Makeblise1279Makejoy294'make happiness'
Makedance1301Makejoy294'make dance'
Makehayt1250Makejoy294'make haste'
Makelayke1379Makejoy294'make sport'
de Manegeden1208Mallandain295from Manewden'
Malesoures1202Malser296'bad workman'
Mal Esquier1203Malser296'bad squire'
Mala Opera1086Malser296'bad workman'
Maleshoures1235Malser296'bad workman'
le Maltmakere1255Malter296malster
Maltmelnere1214Malter296malster
le Maltemeller1327Malter296malster
Maleuuenant1194Malvenue296'evil comer'
Mauclerc1275Manclark296'bad cleric'
Manningestepsunec1130Manning297[Mannings' stepson]
le Haftere1301Manser297[a maker of hafts for knives]
Marketman1545Market299'dweller by the marketplace'
Marketstede1414Market299'dweller by the marketplace'
le Marlehewere1327Marler299a hewer or quarrier of marl
Mattemaker1381Matter302[mat maker]
de Martinwast1166Matterface302[locative]
Matresmaker1381Matters302 
Malbeeng1084Maybank304 
Medewif1327Mead304[wife of the maker/seller of mead]
Medemaker'1332Meader305maker or seller of mead
le Melemakere1274Meale305[maker of meal/miller]
le Melemongere1296Meale305[seller of meal]
Megmayden1263Meggs305 
Maghenyld1275Meynell308[alternate spelling]
Mikelfot1249Mickleboy308'big foot'
Mildeman1381Mildmay309[gentle man]
Wyldmy1287Mildmay309'wild lad'
milkeheued12thcMilkwhite309'milk head' [white head?]
le melkmakiere1285Milk309[milk maker/seller]
le melkberere1285Milk309[milk carrier]
Milkegos1288Milkwhite309'milk goose'
Mylkeshep1332Milkwhite309'milk sheep'
Omolgane1264Millican310 
de Millinghope1199Millichamp310from Millechope
Offelle1429Millward310[reference]
Monemaker1381Monier312[moneyer]
de Monte Virun1130Moram313-14 
de Mauritania1086Morten315 
Motherinlawe1638Motherless315[mother-in-law]
le Moldemaker1335Moulder315[a maker of measures]
Mousetonge1302Mousebeard316'mouse-tongue'
Medicus1212Myer318'physician'
Neteheved1200Neat320'ox-head'
Nethirde1301Neat320'cowherd'
le Netdriver1295Neat320'cowherd'
Chortneke1275Neck320'short neck'
Oildefer1210Oildebof328'iron eye'
Oil de Larrun1183Oildebof328'eye of a thief'
Oildeleure1205Oildebof328'eye of a hare'
Vetus1183Old328-9[the elder, old]
Senex1193Old328-9[the elder, old]
Geongac1060Old328-9'the young'
Ealdac1060Old328-9[the old]
Aldinoch1203Oldhead329'old enough'
le Oldesmyth1409Oldhead329'old smith'
Paganus1086Pain335 
Steynor1430Painter336 
Paunch1315Panchard336[a nickname for a man with a large belly]
Panyarman1354Pannaman337'a hawker who carries fish or other provisions in a pannier'
Panermaker1305Pannaman337'a maker of panniers'
le Paniermakier1310Pannaman337'a maker of panniers'
Parcheminer1180Parchment337'maker or seller of parchment'
Par la Roy1302Pardew337[oathname, by the king]
Parmoncorps1332Parfay338an oath name, 'by my body'
Parmafey1327Parfey338an oath name, 'by my faith'
Dealbator1207Pargeter338[occupational byname]
Parlefrens1283Parlabean338[speak French?]
Pasewater1439Parsloe339'cross the water'
Passelwesmede1390Parsloe339[cross the west meadow?]
Pashlewes1456Parsloe339 
Passaqua1086Parsloe339'cross the water'
Passesbusck'1297Passboys340'dweller past the bush'
Passe Culuert1166Passboys340'dweller past the culvert'
Aspatins1225Pattern341'the man with the patterns'
Patynmaker1379Pattern341a pattern-maker
Paganellus1086Paynell342diminutive of Paganus
pesemongerec1198Peascod343a seller of peas
Pickebarli1200Peckover343'pick barley'
Pyckeble1327Peckover343'pick corn'
Pedeleuere1327Pedlar344'hare-foot', speedy, nimble
Pedeken1187Pedlar344'dog-foot'
Piedurs1199Pedlar344'bear-foot'
Pedebef1381Pedlar344'ox-foot'
de Pehedenn1296Pegden344from Pegden
Piaudelu1195-7, 1202Pellew344'wolf-skin'
Pendeleu1301Pendcrow344'hang the wolf'
Penistrang1297Penniless345'penny strong', perhaps 'wealthy'
Takepeni1317Penniless345'take penny'
Penipurs1066Pennycad345'penny purse'
le Pesteresse1270Pester347[female baker]
de la Pesterye1280Pester347'of the bakery'
Petytenyn1327Petijohn348'little Ennion'
Petinicol1279Petijohn348'little Nicol'
Petytwyll1303Petijohn348'little Will'
Petitwilliam1299Petijohn348'little William'
Pictavensis1238Peto348'the man from Poitou' [Latin]
Petitclark1304Petty348[little Clark]
Petijohan1327Petty348[little Johan]
Petitpas1100Petty348[little Pascal?]
Petitprudum'1230Petty348 
le Petit Smyth1351Petty348[the little Smith]
leFisicien1269Physick349[physician]
Pigburne1440Pickbourne349from Pickburn
Pighkeleys1379Pickles350'dweller at the small enclosure'
Pikechese1209Pickpease350'pick cheese'
Pykehuskes1316Pickpease350'pick husks'
Pikerihe1279Pickpease350'pick rye'
Piebakere1320Pie350[maker of pies]
le Piemakere1332Pie350[maker of pies]
Pyman1524Pie350maker or seller of pies
Pedechen1242Piedargent350'dog-foot'
Pieferret1148Piedargent350'iron-shod foot'
Pyfote1524Pieshank351'magpie foot'
Pikeman1291Pike351seller of pike [the fish, not the weapon]
peregrinus1189-98Pilgrim351'one that comes from foreign parts'
Peregrine1243Pilgrim351'one that comes from foreign parts'
le pelerin1189-98Pilgrim351'one that comes from foreign parts'
le Pineresse1281Pinner352-3[female] a comber of wool or flax
le Peyneresse1281Pinner352-3[female] a comber of wool or flax
Coltepyntel1276Pintel353[colt's penis?]
Swetpyntel1275Pintel353[sweet penis?]
Whytpintel1232Pintel353[white penis?]
Grosuit1208Pintel353'large penis'
Plantebene1199Plant354[planter of beans]
Platesmyth1379Plater354[make of plate armour or of plates for armour]
Pullerose1296, 1301Pluckrose355[pull/pluck rose]
de Cestrehunte1280Plumer355[reference]
de Salvadya1236Poggs356'of Savoy'
de Bampton1236Poggs356[reference]
Patevin1242Poidevin356from Poitou [other variants included]
de Pontibusc1222Points356from Ponts
Aspoinz1193Points356nickname for a fop, the man with the points
de Pontefracto1191Pomfret357from Pontefract
Pontifex1353Pontiff357'the pope or one of the high priests in a play'
de Poppehale1296Popple358from Pophall
Popehull1327Popple358from Pophills
(de) Extra Portham1199, 1200Port358dweller near or outside the town or castle-gate; door-keeper, gate-keepr; dweller in the market-town or port
de Horslaporte1199, 1200Port358'dweller near or outside the town or castle-gate'; 'door-keeper, gate-keepr'; 'dweller in the market-town or port'
Portefer1221Portjoy358'carry iron'
Portefleur1202Portjoy358'carry a flower'
Porterose1243Portjoy358'carry a rose'
Pouchemaker1349Poucher360a pouchmaker
le Poghwebbesone1306Pougher360'son of Poughwebbe', the weaver of bags
le Pundemaker(e)1286, 1303Pounder360a maker of punders or auncels (a kind of balance)
de la Payserie1317Poyser360official in charge of the weighing machine
Pernezgarde1270Prentout361'take care'
Prestebruther1332Presson361'brother of the priest'
Prestcosyn1381Presson361'cousin of the priest'
Prestdoghter1379Presson361'daughter of the priest'
Prestesneve1327Presson361'nephew of the priest'
Prestrejohan1346Prettjohn361-2[named for Johannes Presbyer?]
Prestreiohan1219Prettjohn361-2[named for Johannes Presbyer?]
Prikehering1279Prickard362 
Prikeavant1279Prickard362'spur in front'
Prikhors1327Prickard362'spur the horse'
Prystesonne1327Priest362'son of the priest' [other variants included]
Prikehors1379Pritlove363‘prick horse’, for a hard rider
le Procurator1279Prockter363[manager, agent]
Prudswain1223Proudmay363-4'servant of Proud'
Proudfoster1379Proudmay363-4'foster-father Proud'
Proud of Noght1348Proudmay363-4'proud of nothing'
de Pukehole1296Puckle364'dweller by the elf-hollow'
Pullegandre1249Pullar365[pull gander]
Pullegosc1170Pullar365[pull goose]
Purfoghel1296Pur365[nickname based on OE fugol, 'bird']
Coyfe1260Quaif367'coif, a close-fitting cap'
Coifar’1180Quaif367'maker of coifs'
MacWhaltragh1511Qualter367[Manx name for MacWalter]
Quynteyn1378Quinton368reference to tilting at the quintaine
de Radecliua1182Radcliff369[locative, from Radclive or other place meaning 'red cliff']
atte Redehulle1327Radwell369-70'dwelller on the red hill'
de la Redeweld1327Radwell369-70'by the cleared woodland'
le Rasorer1285Rasor372maker of razors
Coltebeyn1301Rawbone373[colt-bone]
Gaytebayn1301Rawbone373[goat-bone]
Kabayn1301Rawbone373'jackdaw'
de Ravenhowe13thReaney374[locative]
Redhond1354-5Redbeard374'red hand'
Redhose1282Redbeard374'red hose'
Redeknapp1464-5Redbeard374'red top'
Dubblerose1360Redrose375'double rose'
Woderose1332Redrose375'wild rose'
filius Richefemme1148Richlord377[son of a noble woman]
Richeangod1317Richlord377'rich and good'
le Chesewryngere1281Ringer378-9a wringer or presser of cheese
Thomasman1379Rodgman381[servant of Thomas]
Radaneheye1282Rodney381[locative]
Rollevilain12thRollin382'Roll's villein'
Rugfot1297Ruffet385-6 
de Thrimelowe1334Rumbellow386'by the three mounds or barrows'
le Thromelowe1339Rumbellow386'by the three mounds or barrows'
Renandgo1309Runaway386'run and walk'
le Rusmangor1210Rusher386a cutter or seller of rushes
le Sacwebbe1279Sacker388'a maker of sacks or coarse cloth'
Sakeman1209Sacker388'a maker of sacks or coarse cloth'
Sœfugulasunac1150Saffell388[patronymic]
Sayleben1319Sailant389'dance well'
Sayllefest1275-6Sailant389'dance quickly'
de Sancto Leodegario1176Salingar389from Saint Léger-aux-Bois or Saint-Léger
Alexsanderman1379Sandeman391[servant of Alexander]
Sauns Buche1296Sansaver392'without a mouth'
Saunbrays1332Sansaver392'without breeches'
Saunfayle1332Sansaver392'without fail'
Sans Mauntel1236Sansaver392'without a mantle'
de Sancto Elerio1219Santler392from Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouër
de Saint Elena1268-9Santler392from Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouër
de Sancto Laudo1148Santler392from Saint-Lô or Saint-Laud
de Sancto Lotc1158Santler392from Saint-Lô or Saint-Laud
de Sainlow1275Santler392from Saint-Lô or Saint-Laud
de Sabricheword'1230Sapsed392[from Sawbridgeworth]
Spikfot1219Sarfoot392[sore foot?]
Stelfot1301Sarfoot392'steel foot'
de Assartis1239Sarter392'dweller at the clearing in the woodland'
de Sancto Vigore1168Savagar393from Saint-Vigor
de Saint Vigor1268Savagar393from Saint-Vigor
Silvaticus1067Savage393[Latin] 'savage, wild'
filius Sephari1195Savary393[patronymic]
le Sagyerec1248Sawyer393-4'a sawer of timber, especially in a saw-pit'
le Saghiere1327Sawyer393-4'a sawer of timber, especially in a saw-pit'
Sacquépée1327Saxby394['draw epee'?] a name a trainier in swordmanship
Draweswerd1327Saxby394'draw sword', a name for a trainier in swordsmanship
de Sigillo1219Seal397[maker of seals?]
Seclermunck'1301Secular398probably a nickname for a monk of wordly life
Venditor1274Sellar399[seller]
Saliwymman1276Sellman400[female servant of Sely?]
de Sancto Paulo1159Semple400from Saint-Paul or Saint-Pol
Seintpoule1403Semple400from Saint-Paul or Saint-Pol
de Sevenhowes1346Senhouse400from Hallsenna ... earlier Sevenhoues 'seven hills'
campanariusc1216-22Senter400'bell-founder'
Sevenpennys1524Seppings400a nickname, 'seven-pence'
Seruantman1379Servant401'the sergeant's man'
Shakstaf1423Shakespear403[shake staff]
Schakeheved13thShakespear403[shake head]
Shakeleg1333Shakespear403[shake leg]
Schaktre1301Shakespear403 
Schakerake1379Shakespear403 
le capel(l)er1216-20Shapler403'maker or seller of hats'
de Shakelcros1327Shawcross404from Shackelcross
Shepgrom1327Sheep404[shepherd]
Shepmongere1227Sheep404[delaer in sheep]
Schepeshe1287-8Sheephead404'sheep's eye'
Philipschank1379Sheepshanks404'sparrow-legs'
Shortnekke1381Shortbayn407'short neck'
Schortfrend1270Shorter407'small friend'
Shorthoume1401Shorter407'small man'
Scortecnicht1219Shorter407'small boy'
Sortkyrtell1256Shorthose407'short-gown'
langhose1277Shorthose407'long boot'
Schorthals1198, 1219Shorthose407'short neck'
longhalsc1200Shorthose407[long neck]
in the Scrobbes1327Shrubb408'dweller by the shrub(s)'
de Schyppewallebothem1285Shufflebotham408from Shipperbottom
Scyttac1050Shutt408'shooter, archer'
Sidekertell'1202Sidebeard409'wide tunic'
Sidskirte1177Sidebeard409'wide skirt'
de Sancto Dionisio1212Sidney409from St. Denis
la Selkwimman1334Silk409[female worker or dealer in silk]
Silketop1276Silkenside409'silk hair'
Seliheved1315, 1324Sillet409'fortunate head, person'
Selisaule1268Sillifant409'fortunate soul, person'
Silverhewer1212Silver409silversmith
Sylvereour1417Silver409silversmith
Silvereghe1414-15Silverside409'silver eye'
Siluermouth1379Silverside409'silver mouth'
Silvertop1478Silverside409'silver hair'
de Sancta Barba1196Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
de Seynte Barbe1304Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
Sempbarb1469Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
Seinbarbe1555Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
Sowrdewall1488Sirdifield411from Sourdeval
fifandtwenty1230Sixandtwenty412'five and twenty'
Six1531Sixtyman412'six'
Sextynth1327Sixtyman412'sixteenth'
Suerdsliper1317Slipper414[sword polisher, sword-sharpener]
le Sclopmongere1317Sloper414[(feminine?) maker of slop, outer garment, tunic, etc.]
Smalbyhind'1379Smallbent414'small behind'
Smalwriter1275Smallknight414'small scribe'
Smalred1176Smallproud415'of small advice'
Snypewife1309Snipe416[a man's surname]
Sourale1301Sourmilk418'sour ale'
Sourappill1376Sourmilk418'sour apple'
Sourdogh1327Sourmilk418'sour dough'
Surlaf1148Sourmilk418'sour loaf'
Sparebutter1321Sparegood419'frugal with butter'
Sparwatre1327Sparegood419'frugal with water'
Pachat1327Spashett420 
sometarius1317Spence420[Latin]
seruiens1317Spence420[Latin, servant]
homo Domini Robertii1317Spence420[Latin]
Spichfat1200Spich420'bacon fat' [a butcher?]
Spikefis1276Spike420'spike fish', probably a pike
Spillecorn1214Spillbread420-1'spoil corn' [waste corn]
Spilgold1332Spillbread420-1'spoil gold' [waste gold]
Spillhaver1301Spillbread420-1'spoil oats' [waste oats]
Spiltimbir1331Spillbread420-1'spoil timber' [waste timber]
Spernecurteis1196Spurnrose422'spurn courtesy'
Spurnegold1327Spurnrose422'spurn gold'
Spruneprud1296Spurnrose422'spurn pride'
Stondelongws1285Standeven424'stand with us'
Standonhisfot1260Standeven424'stand on his foot'
ffoloufast1379Standfast424 
Starkbaynson1379Starkbayn425 
Starkbayndoghter1379Starkbayn425 
Starkweder1327Starkbayn425'cruel weather'
Styrtover1320Startifant425[start over, possibly a nickname for a messenger]
Stertewey1208-9Startout425'start away'
Stertinthehegge1275Startout425'start in the hedge'
Stepesoft1260Steptoe426'step softly'
Stichehertc1095Stickbuck427'stab the hart'
Stykewynd1327Stickbuck427'stab the wind'
Stichehare1166Sticker427'kill the hare'
Stikehare1200Sticker427'kill the hare'
le Stockfysmongere1293Stockfish428'seller of stockfish'
Stalwrthman1297Stolerman429'sturdy, courageous man'
Stondelvare1278-9de la TresorieStonebreaker429'dweller by or worker at a stone-quarry'
Stonthacker1363Stonebreaker429'stone thatcher', i.e. slater
Stotwylde1436Stott430perhaps 'wild as a young bullock'
Thurgis1279Sturge432[patronymic]
Sungyve1279Sunman434 
Sonewyne1326Sunman434 
Soiournaunt1377Surgenor434-5[surgeon?]
Overswale1301Surtees435[locative]
Suanneshals1066-86Swannick435-6[locative?]
Swetalday1360Sweetblood436'sweet all day'
Swete bi ye bone1225Sweetblood436'sweet on the bone'
Swetchicke1315Sweetblood436'sweet chick'
Sweteghe[13th?]Sweetblood436'sweet eye'
Swetefrond1299Sweetblood436'sweet friend'
Swetemilk1258Sweetblood436'sweet milk'
Swetemouth1327Sweetblood436'sweet mouth'
Swythered1332Swithegood436'of very good advise'
Jeo Vousdy1299Taisez-vous438'I tell you' [expression]
Tancocke1636Tandy439Dancock [unvoiced form of the name]
le Tanckardmaker1298Tankard439maker of tankards
(le) Tapermaker1340-1Taper439maker of tapers
Tedmers1258Tedder441for OE Þēodmœr
Tenmark1272Tenacre441'holder of a fee worth ten marks'
Dendelyoun1313Tennyson441-2'dandelion'
Taunteloun1327Tennyson441-2'dandelion'
Ledtheker1305Theaker443[one who covered roofs with lead]
Thedolf1276Thede443 
Thedwyne1317Thede443 
Thedware1252Thede443 
Thedlef1327Thede443 
Thumbeles1260Thum445'thumb-less'
Tonitruss1160Thunder445[thunder?]
Togel1327Thurkell446 
Turtill1524Thurkell446 
Thyrthyll1524Thurkell446 
Tingenail1205Tingle448[maker of tingle-nails (a very small kind of nail)]
Tireauant1185Tireboys448-9'drag forward'
Tirhare1327Tireboys448-9'drag hare'
Tirevache1172Tireboys448-9'drag cow'
Toproud1287Toogood450'too proud'
Overprud1222Toogood450[over-proud, too proud]
cum dentibusc1102-11Tooth450[Latin] nickname for one with a prominent tooth or teeth
Tortesmains1169Tort451'with twisted hands'
cum pedibus tortis1191Tort451[Latin] 'with twisted feet'
Tredefeu1304Treadwater453'tread fire'
Tredhard'1379Treadwater453'tread hard'
trede wudec1050Treadwater453'tread wood'
Tredeven1275Treadwell453[tread even]
Tredebas1327Treadwell453 
Thesaurius1066Treasure453[treasurer]
de la Tresorie1325Treasure453[treasurer]
de Tribus Minetis1130Tremlett453from Les Trois Minettes
Treismunettes1194Tremlett453from Les Trois Minettes
Treminet1275Tremlett453from Les Trois Minettes
Trenchebof1214Trenchard454'cut ox', butcher
Trencheuent1199Trenchmer454'cut the wind', a nickname for a fast runner
Trenchevot1220Trenchmer454'cut the foot'
Trenttedeux1332Trentmars454'thirty two' [probably for one owning property worth 32 marks]
Truchilde1559Trueblood455'true child' [trusty/loyal child?]
Trewfelagh1379Trueblood455'true fellow' [trusty/loyal fellow?]
Trwpage1379Trueblood455'trusty servant'
Trewpeny1472Trueblood455'true penny', probably 'trusty person'
Trumwine1236Trumble456[strong wine?]
Trussevilain1171Truslove456[bind the villein (serf/bondsman)]
Trushernays1296Trussbutt456'bind on the armour'
Trusseuilain1175-6Trussbutt456'bind the villein'
Altheworld1303Tulliman457'all the world' [expression]
le Tunnewrytte1279Tunn457maker of tuns
Turkot1317Turkentine458[from ON Þorkell]
Turnabute1272Turnagen458'turn about'
Turnecote1524Turnagen458'turn coat'
Turneteil1148Turnagen458'turn tail'
Tuelfmen1327Twentiman459'twelve men' [in charge of 12 men]
Twentipayr1315Twentiman459'twenty pair'
Tewyssnothe1493Twiceday459from Tuesnoad [other variants included]
Twynmaker1367Twine459[one who twines or twists thread]
Fouerpenys1285Twopenny459'fourpence'
Fivepeni1279Twopenny459[five pence]
Terdepeny1327Twopenny459'third penny'
Opathom1327Upcliff462'up at the homestead'
Upbithebrake1275Upcliff462'up by the untilled ground'
Vintesisdeners1251Vintous468'twenty-six deniers'
Junior1201Younger508[the younger]



Copyright Information:©2003 by Martha L. Ranc; all rights reserved. Permission is granted to copy for heraldic use within the Society for Creative Anchronism providing that the revision date,originating URL, and author are shown.  Distribution of substantively modified versions of this document is prohibited without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.