"Misplaced" Names in Reaney & Wilson - Sorted By Name
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"Misplaced" Names in Reaney & Wilson - Sorted By Name

Jeanne Marie Lacroix
Last revised 20 October 2003

NameDateHeaderPageMeaning
(de) Extra Portham1199, 1200Port358dweller near or outside the town or castle-gate; door-keeper, gate-keepr; dweller in the market-town or port
(le) Tapermaker1340-1Taper439maker of tapers
Aboventounc1240Bowton58'(dweller) above the village'
Abovetounc1240Bowton58'(dweller) above the village'
Aldinoch1203Oldhead329'old enough'
Alexsanderman1379Sandeman391[servant of Alexander]
Alfwytlof1296Halfrankish212'half a white loaf'
Altheworld1303Tulliman457'all the world' [expression]
Anotdoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
Aspatins1225Pattern341'the man with the patterns'
Aspoinz1193Points356nickname for a fop, the man with the points
atte Churchedoor1300Churchard97'church door-keeper'
atte Churchstighele1300Churchgate97'dweller by the church stile'
atte Redehulle1327Radwell369-70'dwelller on the red hill'
Baresanke1221Barefoot27'bare-legged'
Barleg1297Barefoot27'bare-legged'
Basseflambard12thcFlambard171'pass on the flaming torch'
Beaubraz1228Beaufront35'beautiful arms'
Beaudonte1327Beaufront35'beautiful teeth'
Beaupel1218Beaufront35'beautiful skin'
Beribroun1505-6Brownnutt68'brown as a berry'
Beucol1327Beaufront35'fair neck'
Birdclever1427Bird45'bird-catcher'
Bladsmith1357Blader47a maker of blades, a bladesmith
Blakehalloc1243Ballock25'black testicle'
Blleward1319Forward175[bull guard?]
Blouhorn1275Blower50'blower' of the horn or bellows
Bokelereplayere1379, 1381Buckler70'fencer'
Bokelerepleyer1379, 1381Buckler70'fencer'
Bokelsmyth(e)1384Buckler70'maker of buckles'
Bolehead1317Bulled71[bull-headed]
Bordmakere1356Boarder50'maker of boards or tables'
Bordwreghte1332Boarder50maker of boards or tables'
Boureyn1052-65Burden73-74'bower-servant', 'chamberlain'
Brasenhed1434Brassett61used as a type of hardness, insensibility
Brassehevede1301Brassett61used as a type of hardness, insensibility
Bredhers1137Blackers46'broad arse'
Bredleder14thc.Leader274[bread carter]
Brekesckyll'1379Breaklance62'break sickle'
Brekeswerd1195 Breakspear62'break sword'
Brekpole1447Breaklance62'break pole'
Bricelaunce1312Breakspear62[break lance?]
Brigerdler1281Bracegirdle59'maker of breech-girdles'
Brodgirdel1275Broadbelt66[broad girdle, stout]
Brokesanke1202Greatshanks204'broken leg'
Brouneberd1379Blackbird46[brown beard?]
Bruselaunce1308Breakspear62[break lance?]
Bucswayn1327Buck70perhaps a goat-herd
Buleheued1195Bulled71[bull-headed]
Burdclever1495Bird45'bird-catcher'
Caccheroo1315-16Catchpenny87'chase roe'
Cacemoine1198Catchpole87'chase monk'
Cachefis1279Catchpole87'catch fish'
Cachefrensh1327Catchpole87'get hold of the reins'
Cachemayd1392Catchpenny87'chase maid'
camerarius1250-60Baron29[reference]
campanariusc1216-22Senter400'bell-founder'
Candelmes1379Christmas96[one born on Candlemas]
Canis1200Doggett137dog
Cathermonie1193Gathergood186'gather money'
Cecus1066, 1086Blind49'blind'
Chacchehors1304Catchpenny87'chase horse'
Chaceboef1218Chaser92'chase ox'
Chacecapel1201Catchpole87'chase nag'
Chacecapel1201Chaser92'chase horse'
Chacefreins1195Catchpole87'get hold of the reins'
Chaceporc'1253Chaser92'chase pig'
Chacero1261-2Chaser92'chase roe'
Chikehed1301Chicken94[chicken head]
Chortneke1275Neck320'short neck'
Chykenmouth1327Chicken94[chicken mouth]
Coifar’1180Quaif367'maker of coifs'
Coldwedre1327Fairweather161[cold weather]
Coltbayn1256Cockbain102'colt's bone'
Coltebeyn1301Rawbone373[colt-bone]
Coltepyntel1276Pintel353[colt's penis?]
Coperbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Cordewaner1250-60Baron29[reference]
Cornlader1372Leader274[corn carter]
Coufot1347Bullfoot72'cow-foot'
Courtpe1393Curthoys121'short foot'
Coyfe1260Quaif367'coif, a close-fitting cap'
Crakepole1242Crackbone114'crack pole'
Crakepot'1299Crackbone114'break pot'
Crakescheld1378Crackbone114'break shield'
Craketo1279Crackbone114'break toe'
Cranebayn1219Craneshanks115'crane bone' [long-legged person]
Craneshank1507Longshank284'crane legs'
Crist a pres1301Littleproud281'Christ have peace' [expression]
cubicularius1052-65Burden73-74[Latin] 'bower-servant', 'chamberlain'
cum capilloc1200Hare217[Latin, with hair]
cum dentibusc1102-11Tooth450[Latin] nickname for one with a prominent tooth or teeth
cum frumento1176Cheese93a maker or seller of cheese
cum pede1271Foot173[Latin, with feet]
cum pedibus tortis1191Tort451[Latin] 'with twisted feet'
Curtbac1226Curthoys121'short back'
Curtcol1193Curthoys121'short neck'
Curtemanchec1284Curthoys121'short sleeves'
Curtesmains1208Curthoys121'short hands'
de Assartis1239Sarter392'dweller at the clearing in the woodland'
de Bampton1236Poggs356[reference]
de Cestrehunte1280Plumer355[reference]
de Horslaporte1199, 1200Port358'dweller near or outside the town or castle-gate'; 'door-keeper, gate-keepr'; 'dweller in the market-town or port'
de Insula1274Lisle281[locative]
de la Klyf1346Fallas162[one who lives on a cliff]
de la Payserie1317Poyser360official in charge of the weighing machine
de la Pesterye1280Pester347'of the bakery'
de la Redeweld1327Radwell369-70'by the cleared woodland'
de la Tresorie1325Treasure453[treasurer]
de Manegeden1208Mallandain295from Manewden'
de Martinwast1166Matterface302[locative]
de Mauritania1086Morten315 
de Millinghope1199Millichamp310from Millechope
de Monte Virun1130Moram313-14 
de Pehedenn1296Pegden344from Pegden
de Pontefracto1191Pomfret357from Pontefract
de Pontibusc1222Points356from Ponts
de Poppehale1296Popple358from Pophall
de Pukehole1296Puckle364'dweller by the elf-hollow'
de Radecliua1182Radcliff369[locative, from Radclive or other place meaning 'red cliff']
de Ravenhowe13thReaney374[locative]
de Sabricheword'1230Sapsed392[from Sawbridgeworth]
de Sainlow1275Santler392from Saint-Lô or Saint-Laud
de Saint Elena1268-9Santler392from Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouër
de Saint Vigor1268Savagar393from Saint-Vigor
de Salvadya1236Poggs356'of Savoy'
de Sancta Barba1196Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
de Sancto Dionisio1212Sidney409from St. Denis
de Sancto Elerio1219Santler392from Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouër
de Sancto Laudo1148Santler392from Saint-Lô or Saint-Laud
de Sancto Leodegario1176Salingar389from Saint Léger-aux-Bois or Saint-Léger
de Sancto Lotc1158Santler392from Saint-Lô or Saint-Laud
de Sancto Paulo1159Semple400from Saint-Paul or Saint-Pol
de Sancto Vigore1168Savagar393from Saint-Vigor
de Scaccario1279Checker92[exchequer?]
de Schyppewallebothem1285Shufflebotham408from Shipperbottom
de Sevenhowes1346Senhouse400from Hallsenna ... earlier Sevenhoues 'seven hills'
de Seynte Barbe1304Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
de Shakelcros1327Shawcross404from Shackelcross
de Sigillo1219Seal397[maker of seals?]
de Thrimelowe1334Rumbellow386'by the three mounds or barrows'
de Tribus Minetis1130Tremlett453from Les Trois Minettes
Dealbator1207Pargeter338[occupational byname]
Dendelyoun1313Tennyson441-2'dandelion'
Dimichevaler1213Halfnight212'a half-knight', probably one who held half a knight's fee
Dogeneck1268-73Dogshanks137'dog neck'
Dogge(s)tayl1279-80Doggett137[dog's tail]
Doggenecce1275Doggett137[dog neck]
Doggeskin1247Dogshanks137'dog skin'
Doggetall'1201Dogshanks137'dog tail'
Dogheafd1177-95Doggett137'dog-head'
Doucedame1301Douceamour139'sweet lady'
Dragespere1204Drawsword141'draw spear'
Drawelaunce1449Drawsword141'draw lance'
Draweswerd1327Saxby394'draw sword', a name for a trainier in swordsmanship
Drincorawe1327Drinkpin142'drink in turn'
Drink al up1282Drinkpin142'drink all up'
Drinkepani1224-46Drinkwell142'drink-penny'
Dubblerose1360Redrose375'double rose'
Duble Harneys1276Ernest157[(a saddler) double harness]
Dunchedeuelc1200-10Dunch145'hit the devil'
Dusseberd1327Douceamour139'soft beard'
Ealdac1060Old328-9[the old]
Evelgest1199Evilchild158'evil guest, stranger'
Fairamay1327Fairbody160'fair friend'
Fairdam1372Fairbody160'fair lady'
Fairsire1309Fairbody160'fair sire'
Fayrandgode1301Fairbody160'fair and good'
Fayrarmful1246Fairbody160'fair armful'
Fayrboie1221Fairbody160'fair lad'
Fayrefelagh1327Fairbody160'fair fellow'
ffelisdoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
ffeyrmayden1340-1450Fairbody160'fair maiden'
ffoloufast1379Standfast424 
ffyn(d)godeshurne1232, 1285Fingard168-9[possible nickname of a seller of choice merchandise]
fifandtwenty1230Sixandtwenty412'five and twenty'
filius Richefemme1148Richlord377[son of a noble woman]
filius Sephari1195Savary393[patronymic]
fistifasti1297Diriday135[exclamation]
Fivepeni1279Twopenny459[five pence]
Flaxbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Floureknave1309Flower172'servant of Flower'
Floureman1309Flower172'servant of Flower'
Flouressone1325Flower172[Flour's son]
Flourman1338Flower172'servant of Flower' or maker of flour
Fouerpenys1285Twopenny459'fourpence'
Friendshippe1642Friendless178'friendship'
Fulfair1208Follifoot173'very fair'
Fulredy1342Follifoot173'full of good advice'
Gaderpeynye1285Gathergood186'gather pennies'
Gangefeyr1451Gover201[go fair, one who walks gently]
Gangishider1173Ganger183'goes here'
Gawetobedde1269Gatorest186'go we to bed' [expression]
Gaypasc1248Gayspur187'one who walked with gay steps'
Gaytebayn1301Rawbone373[goat-bone]
Geongac1060Old328-9'the young'
Gildenfot1209Gildeney190'golden foot'
Gildenher1263Gildeney190'golden hair'
Gildynballokes1316Ballock25'golden testicle'
Go inthe Wynd1334Gatorest186(a foot soldier)
Goadebles1269Gatorest186'go to the devil' [expression]
Gobetheway1383Gobeley194'go be the road'
Gobiforn1212Gobbett194'go before'
Gobisid'1379Gobbett194'go beside'
Gobithesti1208-9Gobeley194'go by the path'
Gobykerke1525Gobeley194'go by the church'
Godbiemidus1219Godhelp194'may God be with us' [expression]
Goddesbokes1308Godsafe195[oathname]
Godemorwe1327Goodheal198'good morning' [expression]
Godesblescinge1225Godsafe195'God's blessing' [oathname]
Godesfast1392Godsafe195[oathname]
Godesgrace1220Godsafe195'by God's grace' [oathname]
Godeswones1378Godsname195'by God's dwellings' [expression]
Godeswowes1340-1450Godsname195'by God's grief' [expression]
Godsake1514Godsafe195[oathname]
Godthanke1275Godsafe195[oathname]
Goduspart[1219?]Godhelp194'may God part us' [expression]
Godwotte1352Godsafe195[oathname]
Goldbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Goodefader1418Godson195[good father]
Gosefot1212Goosebeard199'goose foot'
Goseheued'1208-9Goosebeard199'goose head'
Gosethrote1200Goosebeard199'goose throat'
Gosetunge1323Goosebeard199'goose tongue'
Gosonthegrene1289Goosebeard199'goose on the green'
Gotokirke1279Gatorest186'go to church' [expression]
Goudenhond1332Goldhead196'golden hand'
Goudtyd'1332Goodheal198'may good betide you' [expression]
Gracemauuais1247Grace201'the ungracious'
Graundben1295Grandamore202'great good'
Grauntfei1225Grandamore202'great faith'
Grauntfoly1379Grandamore202'great folly'
Grauntservis1312Grandamore202'great service'
Graydere1373-5Graygoose203'grey deer'
Grayfot1243Graybeard203'grey foot'
Grehound1327Graygoose203'greyhound'
Greyeye13thcGraybeard203'grey eyes'
Greyleg1327Graybeard203'grey leg'
Greyschanke1279Graybeard203'grey shanks' [grey leg]
Grosuit1208Pintel353'large penis'
Gyldentoo1455Gildeney190'golden toe'
Gyldynhels1376Gildeney190'golden heels'
Haccemus1148Hacksmall210'hack mouse'
Hachchebutere1185Hackbon210'hack butter' [butter dealer]
Hakepetit1202Hacksmall210'hack small'
Hakkeches'1227Hackbon210'hack cheese' [cheese dealer]
Haldebytheheved1301Holdfast235'hold by the head'
Halfhund1203Halfnight212'half-hound'
Halfplow1327Halfnight212[owned a half-share in a plough]
Halfpound1335Halfrankish212'half pound'
Halfsnode1247-8Halfrankish212holder of a portion of woodland
Halsnoth1474Harsnett218[interchangeable names, other spellings included]
Halvedievel1212Halfnight212[half devil?]
Halygode1327Holyfather236'holy God'
Handhamer1296Handas215'a small hammer'
Handsex[Ed I]Handas215'a dagger'
Hangeman1310Hanger215'hangman'
Hanggedogge1263Hanger215'hang dog'
Hardepate1249Hardhead216'hard pate'
Hardfist1287Hardhead216'hard fist'
Hardmete1275Hardfish216'dried meat'
Hardrybb1352Hardhead216'hard rib'
Hardsco1197Hardhead216'hard shoe'
Hartestonge1559Hartshorn219'hart's tongue fern'
Hastebeuerage1181Hastvillain220'hurry with the drink'
Hastmanger1248Hastvillain220'hurry with the food'
Havejoy1523Habgood210'may he have joy'
Havelove1259Habgood210'may he have love'
Helpusgod1296Help226'may God help us'
Henteloue1327Hentwin227'seize the wolf'
Heyberare1382Haymonger223'a carrier, perhaps a seller, of hay'
Hidecock1286Hide231 
Hidifidi1221Diriday135[exclamation]
Hoglambe1218Hoggsflesh235'a young sheep before the first shearing'
Hogsed1642Hoggsflesh234'hog's head'
Holdshrewe1379Holdfast235'hold the rascal'
Holigost1354Holyfather236'holy spirit'
Holydam1296Holyfather236'holy lady'
Holymoder[Hy 3]Holyfather236'holy mother'
Homedeu1216Godsman195name for clergyman or one noted for piety
Homo Diaboli1227Homedy237'man of the devil'
homo Domini Robertii1317Spence420[Latin]
Hopop1435Hopshort238'hop up'
Hoppeoverhumbr'1220Hoppe238'hop over Humber'
Hopperobyn1306Hoppe238'hop Robin'
Horsdriuere1199Horseman239'horse-driver'
Horsed1641Apehead12'horse head'
Horsknave1401Horseman239'stable-boy'
Houdydoudy1326Diriday135[exclamation]
Huchpain1177Huckman242'bread seller'
Hucketrout1301Huckman242'a seller of trout'
Hukechese1296Huckman242'cheese seller'
Hundesege1180Houndfoot240'hound's eye'
Hundesheved1176Apehead12'hound's head'
Hundesnase1210Houndfoot240'hound's nose'
Hurtemotoun1305Hurtheaven245'harm the sheep'
Hurteskeu1334Hurtheaven245'harm the sky'
Hurtevent1183Hurtheaven245'harm the wind'
Illechilde1297Illbode248'wicked child'
Illefoster1192Illbode248'wicked foster child'
Ilwedyr1316Fairweather161[ill-weather]
Ilwicht1219Illbode248'wicked person'
in the Scrobbes1327Shrubb408'dweller by the shrub(s)'
Infans1159Child94'child'
Jambe1221Legg276[leg]
Jeo Vousdy1299Taisez-vous438'I tell you' [expression]
Jolifaunt1349Jollyboy257'gay, vigorous child'
Jolifion1377Jollyboy257'gay John'
Jolyman1379Jollyboy257'gay man'
Jolyrobin1332Jollyboy257'gay Robin'
Joycors1222Joyful258'joyful person'
Junior1201Younger508[the younger]
Kabayn1301Rawbone373'jackdaw'
Kachevache1221Catchpenny87'chase cow'
Kenegrom1235Kinman266[cow groom, herdsman?]
Kilfole1442Kellog262 
Killebole1327Killer264'kill bull'
Kingesbonde1205Kingsman265 
Kingesreive1208Kingsman265 
la Selkwimman1334Silk409[female worker or dealer in silk]
Lancea acuta1109-22Lancecleave270with a sharp lance
Langabeard1642Longenow283'long beard'
Langhandc1095Longenow283'long hand'
langhose1277Shorthose407'long boot'
Langknyf'1332Longspey284'long knife'
Langnase13thcLongenow283'long nose'
Langstirap1183Longspey284'long stirrup'
Lastemaker1395Last272[last maker]
Latethewaterga1242Gatorest186'let the water go' [expression]
le Bokmakere1293Buckmann70[bookbinder, bookmaker]
le Bordhewere1327Boarder50maker of boards or tables'
le Bucmanger'1221Buck70a dealer in bucks or venison
le capel(l)er1216-20Shapler403'maker or seller of hats'
le Chesewryngere1281Ringer378-9a wringer or presser of cheese
le Elymaker1344Elliman153[oil maker]
le Fairewif1254Fairbody160'fair wife'
le fflourmakere1332Flower172maker of flour
le Haftere1301Manser297[a maker of hafts for knives]
le Halfnaked1324Halfrankish212'half naked'
le Halveloverd1207Halfnight212'half-lord'
le Halywaterclerc1285Hallowbread213 
le Haubergier1201Habbeshaw210maker of hauberks or coats of mail
le Hernesesmaker1300Ernest157[harness maker]
le Horsmongere1279Horseman239'horse-dealer'
le Lepmaker1338Leaper274'basket maker'
le Longebak1332Longenow283'long back'
le Maltemeller1327Malter296malster
le Maltlader1294Leader274[malt carter]
le Maltmakere1255Malter296malster
le Marlehewere1327Marler299a hewer or quarrier of marl
le Melemakere1274Meale305[maker of meal/miller]
le Melemongere1296Meale305[seller of meal]
le melkberere1285Milk309[milk carrier]
le melkmakiere1285Milk309[milk maker/seller]
le Moldemaker1335Moulder315[a maker of measures]
le Netdriver1295Neat320'cowherd'
le Oldesmyth1409Oldhead329'old smith'
le Orgraver1308Graver203'gold engraver'
le Pakkedrawere1332Drawer141a drawer or carrier of packs of wool
le Paniermakier1310Pannaman337'a maker of panniers'
le pelerin1189-98Pilgrim351'one that comes from foreign parts'
le Pesteresse1270Pester347[female baker]
le Petit Smyth1351Petty348[the little Smith]
le Peyneresse1281Pinner352-3[female] a comber of wool or flax
le Piemakere1332Pie350[maker of pies]
le Pineresse1281Pinner352-3[female] a comber of wool or flax
le Poghwebbesone1306Pougher360'son of Poughwebbe', the weaver of bags
le Procurator1279Prockter363[manager, agent]
le Pundemaker(e)1286, 1303Pounder360a maker of punders or auncels (a kind of balance)
le Rasorer1285Rasor372maker of razors
le Rusmangor1210Rusher386a cutter or seller of rushes
le Sacwebbe1279Sacker388'a maker of sacks or coarse cloth'
le Saghiere1327Sawyer393-4'a sawer of timber, especially in a saw-pit'
le Sagyerec1248Sawyer393-4'a sawer of timber, especially in a saw-pit'
le Sclopmongere1317Sloper414[(feminine?) maker of slop, outer garment, tunic, etc.]
le Selgraver1332Graver203'engraver of seals'
le Stockfysmongere1293Stockfish428'seller of stockfish'
le Tanckardmaker1298Tankard439maker of tankards
le Thromelowe1339Rumbellow386'by the three mounds or barrows'
le Tournour1347Disher135[maker or seller of wooden measures for wine]
le Tunnewrytte1279Tunn457maker of tuns
le wirdragher1313Drawer141 
le Wollemongere1301Lainer269wool monger
Leafgrene1317Greenleaf205 
Ledbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Ledtheker1305Theaker443[one who covered roofs with lead]
leFisicien1269Physick349[physician]
Leftehand1390Leffan275'left-hand'
Lefthand1258Leffan275'left-hand'
Lengeteyll'1299Longenow283'long tail'
Lethercarver1404Leather274 
Leuebarne1379Leifchild276'dear child'
Libbesofte1374-5Livelong281'live softly'
Liftfot1284Dustifoot147'left foot'
ligator librorum1273Bookbinder52'bookbinder'
Litelhand1203Littlebond281'little hand'
Litilbaker1497Littlebond281'little baker'
Litilfot1209Littlebond281'little foot'
Londoneys1279Lunniss288'the Londoner'
Longerbayne1296Cockbain102'longer bones'
Longeto1291-2Longenow283'long toe'
longhalsc1200Shorthose407[long neck]
Loustepsone1297Low286[Laurence's stepson]
Lovelyf'1326Lovejoy285'love life'
Lungeiambe1212-23Longenow283'long leg'
Lutelheed1301Longhead284'little head', or perhaps 'little heed'
Luvelavedy1297Lovejoy285'love lady'
Luveswain1166Lovelace286 
Lytelgrom1212-23Littlebond281'little servant'
Lyttelfyngre1401Littlebond281'little finger'
Lytylbrother1485Littlebond281'little brother'
MacWhaltragh1511Qualter367[Manx name for MacWalter]
Maggekin1396Maggot293[Margaret's (Magge's) kin or little Magge?]
Maghenyld1275Meynell308[alternate spelling]
Magotson1379Maggot293[Margaret's (Maggot's) son]
Makeblise1279Makejoy294'make happiness'
Makeblith'1208Makejoy294'make joy'
Makedance1301Makejoy294'make dance'
Makehayt1250Makejoy294'make haste'
Makelayke1379Makejoy294'make sport'
Mal Christian1206Bonchristian52'bad Christian'
Mal Esquier1203Malser296'bad squire'
Mala Opera1086Malser296'bad workman'
Malbeeng1084Maybank304 
Maleshoures1235Malser296'bad workman'
Malesoures1202Malser296'bad workman'
Maleuuenant1194Malvenue296'evil comer'
Maltmelnere1214Malter296malster
Manningestepsunec1130Manning297[Mannings' stepson]
Marketman1545Market299'dweller by the marketplace'
Marketstede1414Market299'dweller by the marketplace'
Matefelun1230, 1232Mafflin293'kill the felon'
Matresmaker1381Matters302 
Mattemaker1381Matter302[mat maker]
Mauclerc1275Manclark296'bad cleric'
Medemaker'1332Meader305maker or seller of mead
Medewif1327Mead304[wife of the maker/seller of mead]
Medicus1212Myer318'physician'
Megmayden1263Meggs305 
Mikelfot1249Mickleboy308'big foot'
Mildeman1381Mildmay309[gentle man]
Milkegos1288Milkwhite309'milk goose'
milkeheued12thcMilkwhite309'milk head' [white head?]
Monemaker1381Monier312[moneyer]
Monoculus1212Born54'one-eyed, squint-eyed'
Motherinlawe1638Motherless315[mother-in-law]
Mousetonge1302Mousebeard316'mouse-tongue'
mukdragher1340Drawer141a leader of dung, or, perhaps a scanvenger [sic]
Mylkeshep1332Milkwhite309'milk sheep'
Mytehare1253-4Hare217with the hair
Myttehere1253-4Hare217with the hair
Naso adunco1598Beck35'a beake-nose'
Nequam Christianum1206Bonchristian52'hardly Christian'
Neteheved1200Neat320'ox-head'
Nethirde1301Neat320'cowherd'
Noteheued1276Longhead284'nuthead'
Offelle1429Millward310[reference]
Oggesfot1220Hoggsflesh234'hog-foot'
Oil de Larrun1183Oildebof328'eye of a thief'
Oildefer1210Oildebof328'iron eye'
Oildeleure1205Oildebof328'eye of a hare'
Omolgane1264Millican310 
Opathom1327Upcliff462'up at the homestead'
Overprud1222Toogood450[over-proud, too proud]
Overswale1301Surtees435[locative]
Oxefot1137Bullfoot72'ox foot'
Pachat1327Spashett420 
Paganellus1086Paynell342diminutive of Paganus
Paganus1086Pain335 
Panermaker1305Pannaman337'a maker of panniers'
Panyarman1354Pannaman337'a hawker who carries fish or other provisions in a pannier'
Par la Roy1302Pardew337[oathname, by the king]
Parcheminer1180Parchment337'maker or seller of parchment'
Parlefrens1283Parlabean338[speak French?]
Parmafey1327Parfey338an oath name, 'by my faith'
Parmoncorps1332Parfay338an oath name, 'by my body'
Pasewater1439Parsloe339'cross the water'
Pashlewes1456Parsloe339 
Passaqua1086Parsloe339'cross the water'
Passe Culuert1166Passboys340'dweller past the culvert'
Passeflambard1128, 12thcFlambard171'pass on the flaming torch'
Passelwesmede1390Parsloe339[cross the west meadow?]
Passesbusck'1297Passboys340'dweller past the bush'
Patevin1242Poidevin356from Poitou [other variants included]
Patynmaker1379Pattern341a pattern-maker
Paunch1315Panchard336[a nickname for a man with a large belly]
Pedebef1381Pedlar344'ox-foot'
Pedechen1242Piedargent350'dog-foot'
Pedeken1187Pedlar344'dog-foot'
Pedeleuere1327Pedlar344'hare-foot', speedy, nimble
Pendeleu1301Pendcrow344'hang the wolf'
Penipurs1066Pennycad345'penny purse'
Penistrang1297Penniless345'penny strong', perhaps 'wealthy'
Peregrine1243Pilgrim351'one that comes from foreign parts'
peregrinus1189-98Pilgrim351'one that comes from foreign parts'
Pernezgarde1270Prentout361'take care'
pesemongerec1198Peascod343a seller of peas
Petijohan1327Petty348[little Johan]
Petinicol1279Petijohn348'little Nicol'
Petitclark1304Petty348[little Clark]
Petitpas1100Petty348[little Pascal?]
Petitprudum'1230Petty348 
Petitwilliam1299Petijohn348'little William'
Petytenyn1327Petijohn348'little Ennion'
Petytwyll1303Petijohn348'little Will'
Philipschank1379Sheepshanks404'sparrow-legs'
Piaudelu1195-7, 1202Pellew344'wolf-skin'
Pickebarli1200Peckover343'pick barley'
Pictavensis1238Peto348'the man from Poitou' [Latin]
Piebakere1320Pie350[maker of pies]
Piedurs1199Pedlar344'bear-foot'
Pieferret1148Piedargent350'iron-shod foot'
Pigburne1440Pickbourne349from Pickburn
Piggesfot1228Bullfoot72'pig's foot'
Pighkeleys1379Pickles350'dweller at the small enclosure'
Pikechese1209Pickpease350'pick cheese'
Pikeman1291Pike351seller of pike [the fish, not the weapon]
Pikerihe1279Pickpease350'pick rye'
Placidacy1370Diriday135[exclamation]
Plantebene1199Plant354[planter of beans]
Platesmyth1379Plater354[make of plate armour or of plates for armour]
Pleyledere1327Leader274[player/actor?]
ploghbrocher1281Brooch67probably a maker of ploughshares
Pontifex1353Pontiff357'the pope or one of the high priests in a play'
Popehull1327Popple358from Pophills
Portefer1221Portjoy358'carry iron'
Portefleur1202Portjoy358'carry a flower'
Porterose1243Portjoy358'carry a rose'
Pouchemaker1349Poucher360a pouchmaker
Prestcosyn1381Presson361'cousin of the priest'
Prestdoghter1379Presson361'daughter of the priest'
Prestebruther1332Presson361'brother of the priest'
Prestesneve1327Presson361'nephew of the priest'
Prestreiohan1219Prettjohn361-2[named for Johannes Presbyer?]
Prestrejohan1346Prettjohn361-2[named for Johannes Presbyer?]
Prikeavant1279Prickard362'spur in front'
Prikehering1279Prickard362 
Prikehors1379Pritlove363‘prick horse’, for a hard rider
Prikhors1327Prickard362'spur the horse'
Proud of Noght1348Proudmay363-4'proud of nothing'
Proudfoster1379Proudmay363-4'foster-father Proud'
Prudswain1223Proudmay363-4'servant of Proud'
Prystesonne1327Priest362'son of the priest' [other variants included]
Pullegandre1249Pullar365[pull gander]
Pullegosc1170Pullar365[pull goose]
Pullerose1296, 1301Pluckrose355[pull/pluck rose]
Purfoghel1296Pur365[nickname based on OE fugol, 'bird']
Pyckeble1327Peckover343'pick corn'
Pyfote1524Pieshank351'magpie foot'
Pykehuskes1316Pickpease350'pick husks'
Pyman1524Pie350maker or seller of pies
Quynteyn1378Quinton368reference to tilting at the quintaine
Radaneheye1282Rodney381[locative]
Redeknapp1464-5Redbeard374'red top'
Redhond1354-5Redbeard374'red hand'
Redhose1282Redbeard374'red hose'
Renandgo1309Runaway386'run and walk'
Richeangod1317Richlord377'rich and good'
Rofot'1319Bullfoot72'roe foot'
Rollevilain12thRollin 382'Roll's villein'
Rugfot1297Ruffet385-6 
Sacquépée1327Saxby394['draw epee'?] a name a trainier in swordmanship
Sakeman1209Sacker388'a maker of sacks or coarse cloth'
Saliwymman1276Sellman400[female servant of Sely?]
Sans Mauntel1236Sansaver392'without a mantle'
Saunbrays1332Sansaver392'without breeches'
Saunfayle1332Sansaver392'without fail'
Sauns Buche1296Sansaver392'without a mouth'
Sayleben1319Sailant389'dance well'
Sayllefest1275-6Sailant389'dance quickly'
Schakeheved13thShakespear403[shake head]
Schakerake1379Shakespear403 
Schaktre1301Shakespear403 
Schepeshe1287-8Sheephead404'sheep's eye'
Schortbayn1327Cockbain102'short bone'
Schortfrend1270Shorter407'small friend'
Schorthals1198, 1219Shorthose407'short neck'
Scortecnicht1219Shorter407'small boy'
Scyttac1050Shutt408'shooter, archer'
Seclermunck'1301Secular398probably a nickname for a monk of wordly life
Seinbarbe1555Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
Seintpoule1403Semple400from Saint-Paul or Saint-Pol
Seliheved1315, 1324Sillet409'fortunate head, person'
Selisaule1268Sillifant409'fortunate soul, person'
Sempbarb1469Simbarb410from Ste Barbe-en-Poitou
Senex1193Old328-9[the elder, old]
Seruantman1379Servant401'the sergeant's man'
seruiens1317Spence420[Latin, servant]
Sevenpennys1524Seppings400a nickname, 'seven-pence'
Sextynth1327Sixtyman412'sixteenth'
Shakeleg1333Shakespear403[shake leg]
Shakstaf1423Shakespear403[shake staff]
Shaveberd1286Beardless34'shave beard'
Shepesheved1276Apehead12'sheep's head'
Shepgrom1327Sheep404[shepherd]
Shepmongere1227Sheep404[delaer in sheep]
Shereberd1306Beardless34'shear beard'
Shorthoume1401Shorter407'small man'
Shortnekke1381Shortbayn407'short neck'
Shortshank'1379Greatshanks204'short legs'
Siccusc1110Dray141dry, withered
Sidekertell'1202Sidebeard409'wide tunic'
Sidskirte1177Sidebeard409'wide skirt'
Silketop1276Silkenside409'silk hair'
Siluermouth1379Silverside409'silver mouth'
Silvaticus1067Savage393[Latin] 'savage, wild'
Silvereghe1414-15Silverside409'silver eye'
Silverhewer1212Silver409silversmith
Silvertop1478Silverside409'silver hair'
Six1531Sixtyman412'six'
Skoneweder1327Fairweather161[some type of weather]
Slafot1379Dustifoot147'slow foot'
Smalbyhind'1379Smallbent414'small behind'
Smalred1176Smallproud415'of small advice'
Smalwriter1275Smallknight414'small scribe'
Snypewife1309Snipe416[a man's surname]
Sœfugulasunac1150Saffell388[patronymic]
Soiournaunt1377Surgenor434-5[surgeon?]
sometarius1317Spence420[Latin]
Sonewyne1326Sunman434 
Sortkyrtell1256Shorthose407'short-gown'
Sortleg1284Breakleg62'short leg'
Sourale1301Sourmilk418'sour ale'
Sourappill1376Sourmilk418'sour apple'
Sourdogh1327Sourmilk418'sour dough'
Sowrdewall1488Sirdifield411from Sourdeval
Sparebutter1321Sparegood419'frugal with butter'
Sparwatre1327Sparegood419'frugal with water'
Spernecurteis1196Spurnrose422'spurn courtesy'
Spichfat1200Spich420'bacon fat' [a butcher?]
Spikefis1276Spike420'spike fish', probably a pike
Spikfot1219Sarfoot392[sore foot?]
Spilgold1332Spillbread420-1'spoil gold' [waste gold]
Spillecorn1214Spillbread420-1'spoil corn' [waste corn]
Spillhaver1301Spillbread420-1'spoil oats' [waste oats]
Spiltimbir1331Spillbread420-1'spoil timber' [waste timber]
Spruneprud1296Spurnrose422'spurn pride'
Spurnegold1327Spurnrose422'spurn gold'
Stalwrthman1297Stolerman429'sturdy, courageous man'
Standonhisfot1260Standeven424'stand on his foot'
Starkbayndoghter1379Starkbayn425 
Starkbaynson1379Starkbayn425 
Starkweder1327Starkbayn425'cruel weather'
Stelfot1301Sarfoot392'steel foot'
Stepesoft1260Steptoe426'step softly'
Stertewey1208-9Startout425'start away'
Stertinthehegge1275Startout425'start in the hedge'
Steynor1430Painter336 
Stichehare1166Sticker427'kill the hare'
Stichehertc1095Stickbuck427'stab the hart'
Stifleg1363Breakleg62'stiff leg'
Stikehare1200Sticker427'kill the hare'
Stondelongws1285Standeven424'stand with us'
Stondelvare1278-9Stonebreaker429'dweller by or worker at a stone-quarry'
Stonthacker1363Stonebreaker429'stone thatcher', i.e. slater
Stotwylde1436Stott430perhaps 'wild as a young bullock'
Strangweder1249Allweather9'strong weather'
Stykewynd1327Stickbuck427'stab the wind'
Styrtover1320Startifant425[start over, possibly a nickname for a messenger]
Suanneshals1066-86Swannick435-6[locative?]
Suerdsliper1317Slipper414[sword polisher, sword-sharpener]
Sungyve1279Sunman434 
Surlaf1148Sourmilk418'sour loaf'
Swetalday1360Sweetblood436'sweet all day'
Swetchicke1315Sweetblood436'sweet chick'
Swete bi ye bone1225Sweetblood436'sweet on the bone'
Swetefrond1299Sweetblood436'sweet friend'
Sweteghe[13th?]Sweetblood436'sweet eye'
Swetemilk1258Sweetblood436'sweet milk'
Swetemouth1327Sweetblood436'sweet mouth'
Swetpyntel1275Pintel353[sweet penis?]
Swythered1332Swithegood436'of very good advise'
Sylvereour1417Silver409silversmith
Takepeni1317Penniless345'take penny'
Tancocke1636Tandy439Dancock [unvoiced form of the name]
Tarilari1276-7Diriday135[exclamation]
Taunteloun1327Tennyson441-2'dandelion'
Tedmers1258Tedder441for OE Þēodmœr
Tenmark1272Tenacre441'holder of a fee worth ten marks'
Terdepeny1327Twopenny459'third penny'
Tewyssnothe1493Twiceday459from Tuesnoad [other variants included]
Thedlef1327Thede443 
Thedolf1276Thede443 
Thedware1252Thede443 
Thedwyne1317Thede443 
Thesaurius1066Treasure453[treasurer]
Thomasman1379Rodgman381[servant of Thomas]
Thumbeles1260Thum445'thumb-less'
Thurgis1279Sturge432[patronymic]
Thyrthyll1524Thurkell446 
Timor1200Fear165[fearful?]
Tingenail1205Tingle448[maker of tingle-nails (a very small kind of nail)]
Tireauant1185Tireboys448-9'drag forward'
Tirevache1172Tireboys448-9'drag cow'
Tirhare1327Tireboys448-9'drag hare'
Togel1327Thurkell446 
Tomdoutter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
Tonitruss1160Thunder445[thunder?]
Toproud1287Toogood450'too proud'
Tortesmains1169Tort451'with twisted hands'
Tothedrawer1422Drawer141 
trede wudec1050Treadwater453'tread wood'
Tredebas1327Treadwell453 
Tredefeu1304Treadwater453'tread fire'
Tredeven1275Treadwell453[tread even]
Tredhard'1379Treadwater453'tread hard'
Treismunettes1194Tremlett453from Les Trois Minettes
Treminet1275Tremlett453from Les Trois Minettes
Trenchebof1214Trenchard454'cut ox', butcher
Trencheuent1199Trenchmer454'cut the wind', a nickname for a fast runner
Trenchevot1220Trenchmer454'cut the foot'
Trenttedeux1332Trentmars454'thirty two' [probably for one owning property worth 32 marks]
Trewfelagh1379Trueblood455'true fellow' [trusty/loyal fellow?]
Trewpeny1472Trueblood455'true penny', probably 'trusty person'
Truchilde1559Trueblood455'true child' [trusty/loyal child?]
Trumwine1236Trumble456[strong wine?]
Trushernays1296Trussbutt456'bind on the armour'
Trusseuilain1175-6Trussbutt456'bind the villein'
Trussevilain1171Truslove456[bind the villein (serf/bondsman)]
Trwpage1379Trueblood455'trusty servant'
Tuelfmen1327Twentiman459'twelve men' [in charge of 12 men]
Turkot1317Turkentine458[from ON Þorkell]
Turnabute1272Turnagen458'turn about'
Turnecote1524Turnagen458'turn coat'
Turneteil1148Turnagen458'turn tail'
Turtill1524Thurkell446 
Twentipayr1315Twentiman459'twenty pair'
Twynmaker1367Twine459[one who twines or twists thread]
Upbithebrake1275Upcliff462'up by the untilled ground'
Venditor1274Sellar399[seller]
Vetus1183Old328-9[the elder, old]
Vintesisdeners1251Vintous468'twenty-six deniers'
vocatus Litelrobyn1324Littlebond281[Latin] 'little Robin'
Vuelhering'1272Evilchild158'evil herring'
Waterladar'1177Leader274[water carter]
Wetweder1392Allweather9'wet weather'
Whytpintel1232Pintel353[white penis?]
Wilkynsondoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
Withars1173-6Blackers46'white arse'
Woderbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Woderose1332Redrose375'wild rose'
Wolbeter[13thc?]Beater34 
Wryghtdoghter1379Daughters127[patronymic]
Wyldmy1287Mildmay309'wild lad'
Wyndrawer1373Drawer141 
Yivegoud1332Givenot192'give goods'



Copyright Information:©2003 by Martha L. Ranc; all rights reserved. Permission is granted to copy for heraldic use within the Society for Creative Anchronism providing that the revision date,originating URL, and author are shown.  Distribution of substantively modified versions of this document is prohibited without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.