Aidan Aileran O'Comhraidhe. Name and device. Per chevron argent, ermined azure, and azure, in pale a rose proper and a lion dormant argent. Please ask the submittor to draw the rose more boldly, as befits a primary charge.

Alan MacRonan MacCalum. Name only.

Alina Kendall O'Comhraidhe. Name only.

Caitlin nan Cnoc Airgead. Name only. The name was submitted as Caitlin na Airgead Cnoc. The submittor wishes to be "Caitlin of the Silver Hills". While Star modified the original "de" before the byname to a Gaelic form, it was not the correct genitive plural article ("nan"). Additionally, the adjective follows the noun.As the submittor allowed grammatical changes, we have made them to register the name.

Catherine Marie Elisabeth d'Evreux. Vert, a peacock in its pride and on a chief invected Or, three roses proper.

Charles de Marquette. Name only. The name of the missionary and explorer was Jacques de Marquette.

Derrick Fallon Rathbourn. Name only.

Ericus the Silverhand. Name only (see RETURNS for device). This name was returned by Star on the grounds that "there is no precedent or period documentation for the name Ericus. The Latin ending is inappropriate for a given name originating from the Norse." The submittor has appealed this to Laurel with the support of the Ansteorran College. In this case, the submittor is quite right: it was extremely common scribal practise in both Scandinavia, Germany and Britain to tack second declension Latin endings onto perfectly good Germanic names.. By the tenth century, this was happening even when the scribes were not writing in Latin if it was a semi formal context so that the name "Ericus" would be not at all unlikely if the form itself were not documented, which it is in Scandinavian sources.

Lawrence of Blackstone. Name and device. Sable, on a chevron argent, three estoiles of four rays gules, a chief embattled argent. Under the new rules, this would conflict with Walsingham ("Sable, on a chevron argent three crosses crosslet gules.", cited in Papworth, p. 482). The resemblance is visually very striking.

Liam Og of Corcaigh. Device. Azure, an anchor bendwise, in chief three trefoils slipped argent. Please ask the submittor to draw a proper period anchor.

Mikael of Monmouthshire. Badge. Per pale azure and gules, a sword inverted palewise throughout Or.

Minami Aometora. Name only.

Peregrine du Lac. Device. Argent, a needle, eye to chief, sable surmounted by a spiderwort blossom and on a sinister gore azure, an annulet argent. This is more than a little unbalanced, but the combination of charges with charged gores has considerable Society precedent.

Raven's Fort, Barony of. Badge for use as naval ensign. Per fess embattled argent and gules, in pale a raven, close and sinister facing, sable and an anchor bendwise Or.

Raven's Fort, Barony of. Badge for use as civil ensign. Per fess embattled argent and gules, in pale a raven, close and sinister facing, sable and a plate.

Richard of the Silverdawn. Change of blazon. Gyronny gules and ermine, a lion dragon erect Or.

Robyn Murchadha. Name and device. Ermine, an eagle's wing conjoined to a lion's jambe fesswise reversed sable, distilling three gouttes de sang. This is clear of Wildenstein ("Gules, an eagle's leg erased in pale with a wing conjoined and elevated sable.", as cited in Papworth, p. 22), mentioned by Brachet, even without considering the gouttes or the differences in leg type. In addition to the field difference, there is a significant difference in the orientation of the charge (the leg is in pale rather than fesswise and, since it is specified to be erased, is presumably conjoined in a rather different manner from that used here).

Sanchia Feliciano de la Torre. Name only.

Shadowlands, Shire of the. Badge. Per pale azure and sable, issuant from the line of division a compass star throughout conjoined to a demi­annulet, all within a bordure Or. While this design would not be registered were it a completely new submission, the basic elements of the design (the conjoint charge, field division, etc.) are derived directly from their registered arms and are "grandfathered".

Thorid Gnyrlik of Wolfstar. Device. Erminois, on a saltire raguly sable a wolf's head cabossed argent. A few more ermine spots, please.

Urcy Ravensholme. Device. Per bend gules and sable, a bend between a goblet Or and a goblet argent. She has permission to conflict with Thurstan Ravensholme ("Per bend sinister gules and purpure, a bend sinister Or between a goblet Or and a goblet argent.")

Valerius Fidelis Camerinus. Device. Quarterly sable and argent, a compass star counterchanged. Under the old rules this conflicted with Llywellyn ap Madoc (Per bend sable and Or, a compass star throughout counterchanged."). Under the new rules, these two no longer conflict.

Vladimir Carpatii. Name only. This name made us very nervous, given the fact that the Carpathian mountains are one of the boundaries of the territory ruled by Vlad Tepes (a.k.a Vlad the Impaler or Dracula). It would be highly advisable for him to avoid any allusive references (reremice, for example) in his armoury.


Adria of the Crosswinds. Name only (see RETURNS for device). Although "Adria" does not appear to be a valid variant of "Adrian", as stated on the letter of intent, Ensign has been able to document "Adria" from Holweck as the name of a period martyr.

Alysande of Greenvale. Name and device. Argent, a butterfly displayed purpure within an orle of butterflies vert. Under both old and new rules this is highly suggestive of Farasha Joralemon ("Argent, a butterfly purpure and on a chief purpure, mulletty, a crescent argent".). However, in both cases it is clear: the relationship is that of a primary cadet and secondary cadet of the same line ("Argent, a butterfly purpure."). Note that this is clear of Constance von Messer ("Argent, a Dyson's Metal Mark butterfly proper."), since that butterfly is predominantly blue and brown with some red splotches according to the (untinctured but tricked) emblazon in the Laurel files. While it is something of an anomaly to have the same essential charge used both as primary and secondary charge, this is not unknown in period heraldry, particularly with charges like crosses.

Amice d'Orange. Badge. Argent, a pale embattled counterembattled sable between an eagle's head, erased and sinister facing, gules and an orange branch palewise proper. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Amice del Orange, but was registered in November, 1989, in the form shown above.

Arthur O'Flaherty. Device. Erminois, a saltire parted and fretted sable, overall a trefoil slipped vert. Check name.

Brendan Pilgrim. Name and device. Or, a winged elephant rampant counterermine, wings elevated and addorsed azure, between in saltire four ankhs palewise gules.

Brymstone College. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and gules, a three­headed hound passant within a laurel wreath Or. As has been commented previously, the monster depicted is not a "cerebus" (not at all aardvarkish!), but "Cerberus" (a proper name) who is the guardian of the entrance to the underworld in ancient mythology and in many mediaeval and modern views of Hell and the underworld influenced by classical mythology. While the combination of the name and the insignia made some commentors uncomfortable, this is not innately religiously offensive. Mistress Marta's point is also well taken: as the College is situated at the Arizona State campus in Tempe, the name is not likely to be misunderstood by the locals (the mascot of that university is the "sun devil"). Please ask the submittors to draw the beast properly, entirely within the laurel wreath, not treading on it.[Irreverent question from meeting: is their motto "abandon hope all ye who enter here"?]

Caolaidhe mac Ceaird. Name only.

Caroline Morfran Sile O Griobhtha. Change of name from Fiama Donata Frankenhalter. The name was submitted as Caroline Morvren Sile O Griobhtha. Note that all the given names were documented from a book by Eric Partridge called Name this Child: A Dictionary of Modern British and American Given or Christian Names. This title alone casts some doubt on its value as evidence! Virtually no dates are given for any names, which is problematic for our purposes since many last names are included as valid given names which were not known in period as given names (in a few cases, possibly not even as surnames in period). Caroline is an acceptable diminutive feminine form from "Carolus" and the College was able to document Sile from period Irish sources. However, we could not find "Morvren" so we have substituted the documented period Welsh name which is pronounced virtually identically (remember the "f" is pronounced as "v" in Welsh).

Christine Anne Almy. Name and device. Argent, a winged sword palewise sable, wings displayed and inverted azure, in chief a garland of ivy vert. Almy or Almey is specifically documented as the surname of a seventeenth­century immigrant to Rhode Island born about 1611 whose father bore the same surname and died c. 1624).

Correus Dracontius. Device. Purpure, a Roman scutum argent, ornamented gules, between in fess two towers Or. Although blazoned somewhat circuitously on the letter of intent, the primary charge is in fact the classic Roman scutum, appearing here (as Mistress Keridwen quite correctly notes) just as it does on Trajan's Column. Under the old rules, Silver Trumpet would be correct in calling conflict with John of Two Towers ("Purpure, in fess two towers Or."), since addition of primary charge does not automatically clear two Society devices. Under the new rules, it is clear by X. (Addition of Primary Charge): Armory does not conflict with any protected armory that adds or removes the primary charge group.

Finn of Artemisia. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess vert and argent, a cross potent surmounted by an annulet argent and a boar's head erased gules. The submission was made under the name Finn MacGregor. Note that simply blazoning this as an "equal­armed Celtic cross" would not have given the potent ending to the arms nor the enlarged size of the annulet.

Gareth ap Llewelyn. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

George Armstrong. Device. Argent, a bend sinister azure, cotised vert, between a cross patoncy and a chevron inverted couped gules. The "hash mark" in base is more than a little eccentric. However, cotising a bend in one tincture with another tincture is quite common in period rolls of arms and cannot be considered an anomaly. (Although it is far more common when the field is a colour and the bend and cotises are two metals.)

Irwine MacLeod. Name and device. Per bend argent and Or, a bend vert between a heart and an axe bendwise inverted sable. The name was submitted as Irvin Macleod with no supporting documentation and an out­of­context quote from the Board discussions on new Corpora in 989. Aten had interpreted the statements in the Board discussions to mean that the College had to register any name that it could not prove to be specifically incompatible with the period ambience of the Society. In fact, the line quoted was part of the discussion of the "enabling legislation" that specifically gave to Laurel and the College of Arms the right to define what was compatible for names and devices.We have done so and surnames used as given names have been ruled specifically incompatible unless they are the submittor's own given name or were actually used as given names in period. In this case "Irvi" or "Irving" is definitely documented as a place name of origin and several good sources indicate that it was not used as a given name until the last century. This being the case, we have substituted the documented period given name "Irwine" which Reaney shows (p. 8) occurring in 85.

James Almy. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per bend Or and argent, in bend sinister two wings elevated and addorsed azure and a vine of ivy bendwise couped vert. The submission was made under the name Chauncey Carlisle Almy.

Lawrence son of Leander. Name and device. Or, a lion dormant within the tines of a stag's massacre sable. The name was submitted as Lawerence son of Leander. As there is no evidence for the intrusion of the extra "e" and even the submittor's own "baby name book" documentation shows the normal form, we have dropped the "e" and used the normal form.

Lidia O'Ceirin. Name and device. Azure, on a chevron Or between three stags trippant argent, five fir trees proper. Although the blazon on the letter of intent called the ordinary a bend, the emblazon was correct and just about every commentor caught the problem so we do not feel this needs to be pended.

Mair of Lew. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Malcolm of Ered Sul. Badge. Or, a Scottish terrier statant to sinister sable and a chief rayonny gules. Note that this is his registered device with the tertiary charge dropped from the chief. It is not in conflict under old or new rules with the device of Michael of Worcester cited by Silver Trumpet: "Or, in pale a fox statant to sinister sable, maintaining in its mouth a squirrel purpure, and a mount sable." The difference does even come down to the difference granted to the beasts, as Silver Trumpet implied: not only is there a difference in type of secondary, there is a difference in its tincture. Under the old rules that alone would give a major and a minor, enough to clear a badge. Under the new rules, this gives two visual differences, without considering the beasts at all.

Mark von Neumannsgrund. Change of name from Mark of Atenveldt.

Marvin the Terrible of Leighlin. Name and device. Per fess enarched azure and Or, in pale a ship Or, sailed argent, and an oak tree eradicated proper.

Michelle Almy. Name only.

Stephan Schwartzwald. Device. Sable, in bend three plates, each charged with a compass star gules, all within a bordure Or, ermined gules. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Stephan Schwartswald. This is neither German nor the registered form of the name (that is given above). The submittor's forms, however, had the correct form.

Tamar of Highmoor. Badge. Gyronny of six per pale gules and argent, a fool's hood of two ears affronty sable.

Torfinn Mac an Bhreitheamhan. Name only.


Thérèse de Merc. Blazon correction. Counter­ermine, on a bend sinister Or three oak leaves palewise vert. When the device was registered in December, 1989, the tincture of the bend was omitted.


Ælric Landolf. Change of name from Alric Landolf.

Cælia Blackwolf of Mistygrove. Name and device. Argent, a chevron inverted gules between three wolf's pawprints, two and one, overall a wolf's head, couped and sinister facing, sable. Since three charges around a chevron inverted could as easily default to two and one, it seemed advisable to be specific about the placement of the pawprints.

Cælia Emeriau de Morgan. Name and device. Per bend rayonny argent and azure, a fleur­de­lys azure and a crescent Or.

Caoilfhionnn Maire Caitlin O'Neill. Name and device. Per pale gules and chequy sable and argent, a heart counterchanged.

Carolus von Eulenhorst. Device. Per chevron sable and azure, in pale a label couped and an owl close argent.

Carolus von Eulenhorst. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). On a torteau between three pheons conjoined in annulo, points outwards, vert, a bezant.

Eleanor Mathilda Trent of Raveningham. Name and device. Azure, on a pale argent between in chief two fish Or, in base a cattail plant proper. Under the old rules this would have conflicted with Corr Macc na Connacht ("Azure, on a pale argent a sword inverted gules."), cited on the letter of intent. Under the new rules it is clear.

Fenwood Knoll, College of. Name only.

Francis Gorges. Name only.

Joseph d'Aquitaine. Badge. Two comets in annulo, heads in fess, sable.

Kitagawa Akira. Device. Sable, a Japanese stream and in chief a mullet of six points between two herons rising respectant, wings addorsed, argent.

Lachlan Llewelyn. Device. Sable, a scarpe between two comets bendwise sinister, head to base, all between two scarpes Or. The name appeared on the letter of intent as Lachlan Llewyllyn, but the forms had the spelling with which the name was registered in November, 989, which has been used above.

Martin le Harpur of Faulkbourne. Name and device. Azure, a falcon, reguardant and wings elevated, proper statant upon a harp Or within a bordure ermine.

Maurin Lessault. Name and device. Vert, a sea­stag, erect and sinister facing, in chief three escallops Or. "Maurin" is documented by Dauzat (p. 425) as a given name.

Robert of Castle Berry. Name only.

Roger Wells the Dragon's Bane. Name and device. Or, scaly vert, a dragon affronty, wings displayed, lacking forelegs, gules. The monster was blazoned as a wyvern on the letter of intent, but it was not drawn as a wyvern: it has hind legs but is missing its forepaws. This is extremely eccentric, but we assume that it has something to do with the epithet in the name. Under the new rules this would conflict with Drake ("Argent, a wyvern, wings displayed and tail nowed, gules.").

Rosamonde de l'Oiselet. Name and device. Gules, three dragons sejant erect Or, each maintaining a harp argent. The name appeared incorrectly on the original letter of intent, but a letter of correction went out in good time.

Rosamonde de l'Oiselet. Badge. A harp within a wingless dragon involved, head to chief, Or. Under the old rules, since this is fieldless, it would conflict with Katharine Stanhope ("Lozengy sable and argent, a harp within an orle Or."). Under the new rules, the two are clear.

Rosamonde de l'Oiselet. Badge. A harp Or between eight roses in annulo argent, barbed and seeded proper. Under the old rules, since this is fieldless, it would conflict with Michael Fledermus ("Sable, semy of roses argent, in pale a harp and a bat displayed."). Under the new rules, the two are clear.

Shannon the Straggler. Device. Per bend sinister gules and argent, a sheaf of three arrows inverted sable, overall a shoe reversed Or.

Sibylla Greystone of Stotesbury. Name only.

Stephanie of Garrow's Loch. Name only. Stephanie is her mundane given name.

Yvon Bater of Darkwood. Change of name from Irwine af Juvelen (see PENDING for device).

Voyagers, College of the. Name and device. Argent, a longship azure within a laurel wreath vert, in chief a comet fesswise azure. Joseph d'Aquitaine, to whom the name of the Household of the Voyagers is registered, has transferred rights in the name to the group. His badge, with which this would have conflicted, has also been transferred below.

Voyagers, College of the. Badge. A longship and in chief a comet azure. This badge has been transferred to the group by Joseph d'Aquitaine.


Adela Ote. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Ala of Featherstone. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, three pairs of wings conjoined and inverted within a bordure nebuly, all counterchanged.

Rose of Nairn. Name and device. Vert, a lion rampant to sinister, to sinister between its paws a rose, all within an orle argent. The name was submitted as Arianrhod Rose of Nairn. Unfortunately, the many name comments on the submittor's last pass through the College do not appear to have been communicated to the submittor or, if communicated, appear to have been ignored. As noted previously, the name "Arianrhod" appears to have been uniquely used in period for the Welsh moon goddess. If the submittor wishes to use this in her name she will have to provide documentation for its use by humans in period.Fortunately, on this occasion the submittor allowed changes to her name so we could register the base name and device.The device does not conflict with Stephen Grandchamp ("Vert, an escallop inverted within an orle argent."). Technically, the rose here is not a held charge but a free­standing secondary charge which has been added. Therefore, it creates difference just as it would if it had been placed in center chief or in base in more standard brisure positions.

Ciaran MacKintosh. Name only.

Danica of Praha. Name and device. Ermine, on a pale endorsed purpure, a lion sejant argent.

Darius Cordell. Name and device. Azure, a chevron rompu between three Bourchier knots palewise argent. Under the old rules this would have conflicted with Kennegrae Gilchrest ("Azure, a chevron rompu between a cross moline and a dexter gauntlet clenched, all argent."). Since there is no secondary limit in the new rules, the difference in type and number of secondaries counts full weight.

Geoffrey Visick. Name only (see RETURNS for device).

Kasimira Verena d'Arcy. Name only (see RETURNS for device).


Achilles von Fulda. Name and device. Argent, three piles, issuant from dexter base, each ensigned with a mullet of eight points, purpure and a chief potent.

Adelicia de Montfort. Name only.

Aidan Trevyn Avery. Change of name from Jeffery Avery.

Aislinn of Leioness. Name only. The name was submitted as Aislinn Finnvanna of Leioness. The name was stated by the submittor to be Gaelic but neither the submitting herald nor Brigantia could find period citations for this. Brigantia made an eloquent attempt to present the name as a period­style construct from "Fionn­" and "bhean" with an "a" suffix added for good measure. Unfortunately, this is not a period Irish style of name. The final "a" is one anomaly and the fact that the "bean" is the final portion of the compound is another. All the forms of "be" or "bean" that we could find in names formed the first portion of the name (and the postposition is needed to force the aspiration to give the "v" sound). Indeed, there is a documented name from these components meaning "white lady": "Befind" or "Bevin". Note that the name could be considered not only a valid variant of "Lyonesse" but also of the Old French form "Loenois" which apparently represented Lothian in Scotland in the Arthurian legends as much as the Leonais in France. A few commentors had twitches about "vanished Leonesse" as a possibly non­human land. However, in the Arthurian corpus it is clear that Lyonesse is very much a human land, the kingdom of Tristram who is nephew of Mark of Cornwall and adjacent to his lands. In point of fact the land associated with Lyonesse in popular Cornish legend is the land around the Scilly Isles and there is, as Pale noted, considerable evidence that this islands may have been linked by a land bridge as late as the fourth century so that the "sinking of Lyonesse" would be within the quasi­historical folk memory when the earliest Arthurian accounts were written. (One is forceably reminded of the ancient Greek accounts of the sinking of the pre­ classical Santorini which remained in the memory of Greeks in classical times centuries later to give rise to the legend of Atlantis.)

Alaric von Königsberg. Name only.

Alianora de l'Alembic. Name only. The name was submitted as Alianora d'Alembic. As Brigantia himself noted, the French form for "alembic" is "alambic". Also, almost without variation, occupational names formed from a tool of the trade in French include the article before the name of the tool. We have therefore inserted the appropriate article form.

Amalric Blackhart. Device. Argent, goutty de sang, a stag rampant and a chief sable. While asking the submittor to draw his chief wider, perhaps you could remind him to depict the horns on his stag as sable. On the emblazon they were argent and had a terminal tendency to fade into the field.

Anastasia Katherine aus Speyer. Device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, three thistles, slipped and leaved, and a lynx couchant guardant counterchanged. As Brigantia has noted, the beast is not a "lynch" as it appeared on the January letter, but indeed in modern spelling is a "lynx". [Too many hours trying to document names in period documentary sources!]

Andrew son of Osric. Name and device. Purpure, a pilgrim's staff bendwise sinister passing through the strap of a pilgrim's scrip bendwise , on a chief Or three escallops purpure.

Arianna MacPhearson. Device. Sable, a fox sejant reguardant, its forepaws grasping an arrow inverted, between three increscents argent. Under the old rules, this would have conflicted with Lucrezia Lupinetta ("Sable, a wolf sejant reguardant within a bordure rayonny argent.").Under the new rules, there is no "secondary limit" so there is one point for the number of secondary charges and another for type.

Astridr Selr Leifsdóttir. Name only.

Barak Elandris Bear the Wallsbane. Change of name from Barak Elandris Bear of the Axe.

Barak Elandris Mago. Device. Sable, three swords in pall, points to center, argent between three roses Or. The blazon had the points conjoined but the emblazon sent to Laurel shows the points clearly separated.

Bevin of Dálriata. Name only. The name was submitted as Vevina of Dálriata. The name was documented from Yonge (p. 224). However, the citation makes it clear that the spelling "Vevina" derives entirely from Macpherson who is an out­of­period and not very good source. The name under discussion is in fact the familiar Irish name "Bevin", which we have substituted for the non­period form.

Bhakail, Barony of. Badge. A salamander tergiant sable, enflamed proper. We assume that this is a badge for the general use of the Barony. The old badge, alluded to in the letter of intent and reblazoned below, was registered specifically for the Order of the Salamander. A glance at the Armorial shows that two badges were registered for this order, one in 978 and a different one in 983.The latter was processed under Laurel's predecessor as Brigantia, but there is a vagrant memory that the intent may have been to replace the older badge with a new one which clearly shows enflaming. If this was the case, one of the badges for the Order should probably be released to public domain or to the general use of the Barony. Please ask the submittors to depict the salamander properly involved with flame rather than in the initial stages of burning. [Irreverent comment from meeting: "not enough lighter fluid!"]

Bhakail, Barony of. Reblazon of badge for Order of the Salamander. Or, a natural salamander tergiant sable. This was originally blazoned simply as a salamander but that implies flames which are lacking on this older badge for the Order of the Salamander.

Björn the Red. Name only.

Brid nic Shéarlais. Change of name from Brid of Narrenbeck. The name was submitted as Brid nic Séarlas. The form of the father's name must be in the genitive and aspirated after "nic". Note that this form is of doubtful period origin in Ireland, although it is almost identical to the Normal French name which became anglicised as "Searle".

Catherine of Hammerstone Manor. Name and device. Purpure, an armored arm palewise embowed maintaining a peregrine falcon Or and in chief two broadarrows argent, all within a bordure embattled Or.

Cerdic atte Magen. Name only.

Christiana Geneviève de Besançon. Name and device. Vert, a mermaid affronty, maintaining in her dexter hand a scimitar palewise, Or and a ford proper.

Ciaran Tison. Name and device. Per bend purpure and sable, a monster composed of the body of a wolf and the torso of a man, passant and maintaining in both hands a spear palewise, between two crescents inverted in bend sinister, all argent. The name was submitted as Ciaran Tison the Sneaky. As half the College noted, the term "sneaky" can only be documented from the nineteenth century. As we could not determine which of the possible alternatives the submittor would prefer (i.e., would consider to have none of the pejorative overtones he did not intend), we have simply dropped the extraneous epithet.

Daene Ferris. Name and device. Vert, a bend sinister sable, fimbriated, between six mullets of four points argent. The given name was documented from Searle (p. 64) as the name of an eighth­century abbot. Under the old rules, this would have conflicted with James Arthursson ("Vert, a bend sinister sable, fimbriated, between a feather bendwise sinister and a hammer palewise Or."). As there is no secondary limit in the new rules, the two are clear. Please remind the submittor that six of anything arround a bend have the lower three charges arranged more in a line following the direction fo the bend.

Deirdre de la Fleur. Name and device. Quarterly gules and azure, a rabbit sejant erect within an orle of gillyflowers argent.

Dragonship Haven, Barony of. Badge for the Order of the Yale. A yale rampant to sinister azure, platy.

Franz Joder von Joderhübel. Name only.

Gisela von Salzburg. Device. Argent, a Maltese cross, on a chief purpure four Eastern Orthodox crosses.

Guillaume Pierre de Montfort. Name only. Under the old rules, this would have conflicted with both the names cited on the letter of intent: Guillaume de Montfort, son of the founder of the de Montfort family, and Pierre de Montfort, Duke of Brittany. The collocation of family names still makes us nervous, but under the new rules the three names are technically clear.

Isabeau de Bordeaux. Spelling correction. When the name was registered in December, 989, an extraneous "x" was added at the end of the given name.

Jacobina of White Moor. Name only. The given name is a standard diminutive form from the documented period feminine name "Jacoba". Under the new rules, period­style diminutives are permitted.

Jacqueline of the Forgotten Home. Name only.

Julitta de Moulins. Per pall ermine, sable and gules, in fess an owl close affronty and an increscent moon argent. The owl must be specifically blazoned as affronty since the body is affronty as well as the head and this is not the default.

Kate of Norwich. Change of name from Kate of Barren Sands and change of device. Vert, a Paschal lamb passant reguardant argent within a bordure argent, semy of roses gules, barbed vert.

Katharine McClung. Name only.

Katryna Robyn. Name and device. Per fess argent and sable, in chief a heart gules charged with a maunch and in base two daggers in saltire argent, all within a bordure counterchanged. Even given the limitation of tinctures, this device gives a rather busy appearance.

Laura della Francesca. Badge. A Greek lyre purpure.

Loric of Winteroak. Badge for Brotherhood of St. Pyr. Per bend sable and Or, in bend sinister a goblet bendwise Or, distilling a goutte de sang, and a sandal sable.

Lughaidh O Nialláin. Spelling correction. When her device was registered in January, 99, the final "h" was omitted from the spelling of her name. This was accidental and should not be considered as a change of her previously registered name.

Maerwen Aelfscinu. Spelling correction. When her name was registered in January, 99, the "a" was accidentally omitted from the name.

Maluk ibn Maymun. Name and device. Per chevron argent and sable, in chief a winged skull,wings displayed, gules. The winged skull motif is popular in modern "biker heraldry" and military insignia, formal and informal, but it was also a period artistic motif. It is extremely common in New England churchyards on tombstones, either as a personification of death or of the fleeting soul, and it appears much earlier with the same meaning in Europe. [Whether it would be so used by a Moslem, on the other hand. . .].

Maria Estrelliña. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and azure, on a bend sinister between two lozenges ploye Or, a roundel per bend sinister azure and gules.

Mathilde Eschenbach. Name only.

Mathiu van der Zee. Spelling correction. When his name was registered in January, 99, the name was accidentally "normalized" to a form with a double "t" in the given name.

Misty Highlands, Shire of. Name and device. Vert, a cinquefoil within a laurel wreath Or, on a chief indented argent three hurts.

Morgan Charbonneau. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sinister bretessy between two double­headed eagles displayed azure, three roses argent, all within a bordure embattled azure.

Morwenna of Western Sea. Name only.

Peter the Red. Name only.

Richard Tyler of Swiftwater. Device. Per fess indented Or and azure, masoned Or, in chief a fountain.

Roger Stockton. Name and device. Azure, six acorns, one, three, one and one, argent. While the default arrangement for six charges in cross is as drawn, there was some discussion as to the likelihood of the average heraldic artist being aware of this. As the submittor clearly feels strongly on this issue and it is a differencing issue (see below), we decided to err in the direction of explicitness of blazon. This is clear of the arms of Rumscheid ("Azure, severn acorns Or, slipped, two, three and two.", as blazoned in Papworth, p. 89) by the tincture of the acorns and their arrangement.

Rowena Caithnes. Name and device. Sable, on a pall Or, three oak leaves conjoined in pall, slipped and fructed, proper.

Siegfried Wulfgang von Brandenburg. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and gules, on a bend raguly argent between a plate and a wolf's head erased argent, an arrow sable.

Stephen de Raymond. Badge. In saltire, a key, wards to chief, and a spoon, bowl to chief, azure.

Subedai of the Oasis. Name and device. Argent, a hammer azure within a cartouche, engrailed and voided, gules, all within a bordure azure.

Thomas de la Cascade. Name only.

Thomas Greyhawk of Arundel. Name only. Under the old rules, this would have conflicted with Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury and Chancellor of England, and also with Thomas of Greyhawk of TSR's D & D world. Under the new rules it is clear since none of the names have more than three elements.

Thormond the Short. Device. Gules, a panther rampant guardant and incensed Or, pelletty, and two bendlets enhanced erminois. The applicable passage from the new rules here is that which determines difference of type: in the mediaeval period a panther and a lion were considered different in type and so there is difference derived from the difference in type here. Thus there can be no conflict with Stote ("Gules, a lion rampant erminois.", as cited in Papworth, p. 78) which was noted by Silver Trumpet.

Tristram von Groningen. Name and device. Gules, a hunting horn and on a chief argent, three pheons inverted sable.

Ulrich von Adlerberg. Device. Or, semy of hearts sable, an eagle, displayed and sinister facing, within a bordure gules.

Veronica of Manchester. Device. Argent, a chevron cotised between three fleurs­de­lys purpure. This is well clear of Langland ("Argent, a chevron between two couplecloses gules.", cited from Papworth, p. 47) noted by Master Da'ud: in addition to charge tincture, there is a definite difference for addition of the fleurs­de­lys.

Walther von Stralsund. Name and device. Vair en pointe, a sea­dog rampant gules.


Ariel ap Gryffyn. Badge for Shimazu Tokihiro. Gules, three cherry blossoms, one and two, within a bordure Or. As most of the College surmised, the emblazon sheet was pasted on the letter of intent upside down. The flowers are one and two and thus are clear of conflict.

Conal MacDale. Name only.

Dagmar bint Omar. Name only (see PENDING for device).

Katla von der See. Name and device. Per chevron enhanced vert and azure, in pale a chevron throughout and a gull volant argent. The given name appears to be a diminutive form which is acceptable under the new rules. Under the old rules, the device would conflict with Neill or Daered ap Llyr of Marlincourt ("Per chevron vert and azure, a chevron between two castles and a marlin hauriant argent.") and Winnefred Aurelia von Hirschberg ("Per chevron enhanced azure and vert, a chevron enhanced and in base a hart statant to sinister at gaze argent."). Under the new rules it is clear.

Manfred von dem Schwarzwald. Badge. Argent, on an oak tree eradicated sable a cross formy argent, all within a bordure embattled sable.

Teague ap Cynan. Name only.

Theodoric of Salt Keep. Name only.


Conn MacFaelad. Blazon correction Per fess gules, mullety of six points argent, and sable, a wolf rampant to sinister argent. When the device was registered in January, 99, the final "y" was omitted from the "mulletty" which could be confusing in this context.

Sigmund Shadowhawk. Device. Gules, semy of annulets Or, a hawk displayed, the tip of each wing terminating in a hawk's head, beak to center, per pale sable and argent. When the device was registered in December, 1989, the position of the hawk was accidentally omitted.


Anna of Dark Oak. Name and device. Per chevron enhanced purpure and Or, an oak tree sable and in chief two unicorn's heads respectant Or. The letter of intent mentioned a "rule of thumb" that under the old rules dictated that charges on either side of a line of division were counted as separate groups for the purpose of counting difference. No such "rule of thumb" ever existed or was acknowledged by the College of Arms. On the contrary, the definitions of a group which were in the old rules clearly saw a group of charges in a standard arrangement on either side of a standard line of division (i.e., one where the field is more or less evenly divided) as a single group of charges. There is an enormous body of precedent to support this view and, if this were not the case, the demotions of difference for counterchanging that were in place under the old rules would make very little sense at all. The commentary of such senior members of the College as Silver Trumpet and Badger who have been intimately involved in present and past rules revision indicates that Laurel is not alone in finding this "rule of thumb" an astounding novelty. Were the charges on this device actually a group of primary charges across a divided field, this device would conflict under the new rules, since less than half the group had been changed. However, as Silver Trumpet pointed out, Vesper erred in stating it would be clear under the old rules in that case since it would also conflict with the cited device of Juliana FitzWilliam under those rules: "Per chevron sable and Or, two unicorn's heads couped at the shoulder respectant and in saltire two arrows inverted countercharged.": there is only a minor point of difference under the old rules for the field. As it happens, however, these are not visually a group of primary charges. Silver Trumpet is correct in stating that there is not really a field division "per chevron enhanced" in period heraldry. However, this is visually quite clearly a rather unusual charged chief. After considering and discarding several blazons for this chief as being too obscure for the average heraldic artist in the Society, relying as they did on somwhat arcane heraldic texts, we came to the conclusion that the retnetion of the "per chevron enhanced" blazon was most likely to give the proper depiction of the device. However, the difference in scale between the heads and the tree greatly transcends that which is usual in modern or period heraldry between a group of three charges and it is clear that the heads must be considered secondary charges, with the tree as the primary. As the tree is the sole primary charge, the "count" is quite different from that noted by Vesper.

Arian of Shadowvale. Device. Sable, mulletty argent, a gurges argent. Under new and old rules this is clear of all the conflicts cited, although it is considerably closer to the badge of Tear's Sea Shore ("An ocean wave erased argent."), under the old rules than under the new. (Incidentally, Tear's Sea Shore is not and never has been a Barony, as designated on the letter of intent: it is not wise to assume old groups with badges are baronies.) As Laurel now lives in Tear's Sea Shore and local staff members almost all come from there, we had a very good test of the "visual conflict twitch" on this one. We are somewhat puzzled about the reference in the letter of intent to an increase in level of visual protection afforded badges being derived from the Administrative Handbook. The Rules for Submissions have been very clear in stating the levels of difference required and the level of similarity required to call "visual conflict" has not changed under the new rules. If anything, fewer visual conflicts should be called since visual conflict itself has been somewhat limited and difference has been granted for fieldlessness.

Caiterina nic Shéamuis. Name and device. Per ben argent and purpure, a mullet counterchanged and a chief wavy azure. The name was submitted as Caiterina nic Séamus with the comment by Vesper that "we think that 'S' does not aspirate. If we're wrong, and it does, she will accept corrections." In Irish names, such as she wishes, the "s" does aspirate in these circumstances. Also, it is necessary to use the genitive form of the noun after "nic", not the nominative which appeared on the forms and the letter of intent.

Cathan the Undecided. Name and device. Quarterly vert and azure, in bend two goblets bendwise sinister inverted Or.

Decion ap Dyfrwr Trefriw. Change of name from Decion of Trefriw Wold.

Iulstan Sigewealding. Change of name from Juls Siwaldsen. What the letter of intent did not make clear is that the submittor provided documentation from Searle for the given name's actually existing in the reign of Æthelred II. This is an excellently documented name change (the submittor even provided documentation for an original Old Norse name, Iosteinn Sigvaldsson, from which the name might be taken to derive in the Norse occupied areas of England in the desired period!). The submittor is to be congratulated.

Khulan the Dark. Change of device. Or, a triangle inverted gules between in fess two pallets couped and in pale two bars couped sable.

Meghan nic Ghillónfhaidh. Name only.

Morwynna Branwynt. Name and device. Argent, a raven displayed, wings inverted, within an orle, all per pale sable and azure. Under the new rules this is clear of the cited armoury of Prussia ("Argent, an eagle displayed sable. . ."): there is one difference for the addition of the orle and another for the change in tincture of the eagle. Under the old rules this would be a conflict since only a minor point of difference could be derived from the low contrast division and two full majors were required between Society devices and mundane royal armoury.

Nadira al­Shamali. Name only.

René du Bon Bois. Device. Azure, an annulet Or, on a chief invected argent, a fleur­de­lys gules.

Stefan of Pembroke. Device. Quarterly ermine and gules, a cross crosslet fitchy counterchanged gules and argent, on a chief sable, three crosses crosslet argent. Please ask the submittor to draw the cross a bit less anorexically so that the counterchanging will show up clearly.

Tatiana Nikolaevna Tumanova. Release of badge. Argent, on a pale endorsed vert a unicorn's head couped at the shoulder Or, armed and crined argent.

Tristan FitzAaron. Name only.

Vandra Lyonsmane. Name and device. Per fess Or and sable, a sun and a lion's head, erased and sinister facing, counterchanged.



Aldwin Greenleaf. Device. Quarterly purpure and ermine, on a cross moline nowy argent between four unicorn's heads erased, counterchanged argent and purpure, a rose gules. While the secondaries have been simplified, the field has been made considerably more complex than in her previous submission, at the cost of materially reducing the identifiability of the cross, which has lamentably low contrast with half the field.When this is taken in conjunction with the overall complexity of the device (four tinctures and three types of charge with one group of charges in two tinctures), this crosses the threshold of acceptability.

Christopher Kirk Dracovis. Name only (see PENDING for device). Latin just does not form epithets in this manner, as noted by several commentors. If a Roman wished to say that someone had the strength of a dragon, he would probably make it an adverbial noun phrase like "viribus draconis". I could find no classical or mediaeval epithet that directly paralleled this. The usual approach, if one wished to indicate that one was like a legendary monster (or even a common beast) in his characteristics was to use the simple form of the name as an epithet. Thus, in this case, the submittor would be Christopher Draco. (Such epithets were most common instead of other surnames, not used as augments to those surnames in the post­classical period from which the remainder of the name derives.)

Ericus the Silverhand. Name and device. Sable, a Heneage knot clipped and frayed. We can agree with the Ansteorran College that the submitted charge is not heraldically identifiable as any subset of a Heneage knot. We could accept something like this, with the arms a bit straighter, as a saltire, couped, parted and fretted (the rope markings would be diapering!). However, that would conflict under both rules with Ashton ("Sable, a saltire argent.", as cited in Papworth, p. 6).


Adria of the Crosswinds. Device. Per saltire Or and argent, a saltire azure between in fess two wolf's heads, erased and respectant, sable and in pale two garden rosebuds gules, slipped and leaved vert. This is just too busy: there are three types of charges (with two in a single group) and six tinctures (with three in a single group), not to mention the additional anomaly of the garden rosebuds.

Aneirn Yryn Peaboadie. Device. Gyronny per pale of six sable and argent, on a chief gules a griffin segreant to sinister Or. Check name. Note that the name was returned in November, 1989. A previous return of this device for conflict with Durnhardt of Altenau ("Chequy sable and argent, a water bouget Or.") was appealed on the grounds that the field division as blazoned by the submittor ("Per fess gules and gyronny per pale of six sable and argent") is a valid period division and that the reblazon alone creates the technical conflict. Unfortunately, there is a long­standing precedent in the Society that the blazon used does not affect a conflict between two emblazons. (That is what we mean when we say the picture, not the words used to describe that picture, are what is protected.) In period heraldry and in most modern heraldic circles, the field division shown here would be considered tantamount to a field with a charged chief since it is customary to expand the dimensions of the chief to accommodate the size of the charge placed upon it. In other words, a chief with a lion passant will be narrower than one with a lion rampant. This phenomenon appears commonly through period rolls of arms and is even commented on by period and modern authors (usually in discussions of the size relationships of ordinaries and their diminutives). In this case, the depiction is identical to that which would have been used for a plain field with a chief charged with a rampant beast. That being the case, this is a conflict with Durnhardt under both old and new rules: there is a major point or visual difference for the difference in field division. However, the minor given under the old rules for the change in type of tertiary would not have cleared the conflict even under the old rules since both are Society devices and there is a definite conflict under the new rules.

Chauncey Carlisle Almy. Name only. Withycombe clearly states that Chauncey is out of period as a given name: it only came into use in the late seventeenth century in America to honour Charles Chauncey, second president of Harvard University. The surnames are acceptable: Almy or Almey is specifically documented as the surname of a seventeenth­century immigrant to Rhode Island born about 1611 whose father bore the same surname and died c. 1624).

Finn MacGregor. Name only. The name is too close in sound and appearance to the already registered name of Fiona MacGregor.

Gareth ap Llewelyn. Device. Per fess urdy purpure and vert, in pale two lions couchant Or. Conflict under both sets of rules with Kane Greymane ("Sable, in pale two lions couchant Or, crined argent."): there is a difference for the field, but the crining is artistic detail.

Mair of Lew. Device. Per pale sable and azure, a sun per pale argent and Or between five mullets in demi­annulo argent and five fish naiant to sinister in demi­annulo Or. The overwhelming consensus of commentary in the College was that the counterchanged sun, rather than mitigating the appearance of dimidiated arms, as the letter of intent implied, actually reinforced it.

Nefratiri Ani. Badge for House Rhondoval. Or, a wingless dragon passant to sinister, its body nowed in a Hungerford knot, vert, breathing flames of fire proper. The name of the household conflicts with House Rondoval from Zelasny's Changeling and Madwand books. As Mistress Keridwen has noted, this is not only the name of the ancestral home of Zelasny's protagonist, but also the family title. The problem is only reinforced by the dragon on the submitted household badge, since the family in Zelasny's work is closely associated with dragons. (The Lord of Rondoval is specifically referred to as a "Dragon Lord".) While the submittor may indeed have been using the household name for some time, as the letter of intent indicates, it cannot claim hardship against a conflict and no hard evidence has been provided for its use predating Zelazny's work. It was not submitted at the time of the original (returned) name and device submission in 1982 nor when the name and device were eventually registered in 1984. The first evidence we have of its submission to the College is in the submission alluded to in 1985 when the badge was returned. As far as the badge itself is concerned, while the "standard" nowing makes the posture somewhat more blazonable than the posture of the monster in the 1985 submission, it is still not a standard position for such a beastie. In point of fact, it renders the identification of the wingless dragon as wingless dragon nearly impossible. This being the case, it cannot be registered.

Ronna Rosgaile Soilean Soilleir. Name only. From the letter of intent, it appears that the submittor desires a Gaelic name meaning something like Ronna the Clear­Sighted of the Bright Eyes. While such an epithet would be unusual in Gaelic and is rather tautological given the conventions of Gaelic naming, it would be an acceptable "fantasy­style" epithet.However, the submittor does not allow any changes to her name and the grammar is not correct. Ronna is the submittor's mundane given name and therefore is acceptable. "Rosgail" is a somewhat unusual Gaelic adjective for "clear­sighted", but the form given is the genitive singular feminine, not the nominative which must modify the given name. "Of the Bright Eyes", as translated, is somewhat tautological as well as ungrammatical since by the submittor's own documentation the primary meaning of "soilleir" is "clear" in the sense of "not dark" and both the submittor's documentation and Mac & Mac (p. 39) gives as one of its meanings "clear­sighted, shrewd". The adjective that appears to be particularly associated with "bright eyes" as we know the term is "soillseach". Also, for the byname desired you would put the eyes into the genitive plural which by the submittor's documentation would be "nan sùl". Adding the adjective in the correct case would produce: "Ronna Rosgail nan Sùl Soillseach". (A fine point of Gaelic grammar: if an adjective follows a feminine plural genitive noun whose nominative plural ends in "­an", the adjective uses the appropriate nominative plural form. See Mackinnon's Gaelic: An complete course for beginners, pp. 4­42.)

Carolus von Eulenhorst. Name for House Pheon. Since the designator is "transparent", this conflicts with the Order of the Pheon registered to the Kingdom of the East.


Adela Ote. Device. Per chevron gules and counterermine, a garb of oats argent. Conflict under both rules with Holsheff ("Azure, a garb argent, banded gules.", as cited in Papworth, p. 894): the only difference is the field.

Geoffrey Visick. Device. Or, on a bend between two hands appaumes azure, a wolf statant argent. Under the old rules, this conflicts with Sula von Pferdenthal ("Or, on a bend azure, two horse's heads cabossed argent."). Under the new rules, it conflicts with the arms of Gernon ("Or, on a bend azure an escallop argent.", as cited by Papworth, p. 235).

Kasimira Verena d'Arcy. Device. Argent, a bend embattled counterembattled between a lamb couchant and a lion couchant to sinister gules. Under both rules, this is a conflict with Sabraham ("Argent, a bend embattled counterembattled sable."): there is only one difference in either case for the addition of the secondary charges.

Rosamund de la Bonte. Device. Per fess argent and purpure, in pale a unicorn's head couped sable and a plate between in fess a decrescent and an increscent argent. Note that the letter of intent and the submittor's forms had the given name as Rosamyn. This is not the registered form of her name nor is it the form that had previously been submitted. If she wishes to use this form, she must file a change of name. At the time the previous submission was returned, Laurel noted "Note that the three tertiaries are thematically unified, but the "phases of the moon" are not really period style." The same is true now and the stylistic problem has only been increased by taking them down to the field from a chief. Now there are four charges of at least three different types in a single (if eccentric) group on the field. This is a variant of "slot machine heraldry" and certainly is not period style.




Dara Armand. Device. Azure, a pall between a fir tree couped and two increscents argent. Under both sets of rules this conflicts with Collet ("Azure, a pall argent.", cited in Woodward, p. 5): there is only one difference here for adding the secondary charges. Similarly, it conflicts with Ailith ferch Dafydd ("Azure, a pall between a Celtic cross and two unicorns rampant argent."): there only the change of type in the single group of secondary charges.

Fiona O'Mull. Badge for House Dragon Heart. Gules, in pale three flames of fire between two dragon's wings conjoined, displayed and inverted, Or. As the Pursuivant for Cloondara noted, the household name is in direct conflict with the Middle Kingdom's Order of the Dragon's Heart. The flames are so reduced in size by the design that they are virtually unidentifiable. Moreover, there is really no way to guarantee that this design will be drawn in this particular manner, even through a long and precise blazon. These two facts together clearly point to a design that is not period style.

Gunther Addis. Device. Sable, fretty argent, on a bezant two axes in saltire gules. Sadly, under both rules, the charged bezant gives the appearance of arms of pretense, since it is charged with multiple charges.This is the more suggestive since two weapons crossed in saltire are such a common theme in heraldic art.

Robert Cattanach of Moravia. Device. Argent, on a bend sinister wavy azure, a catamount courant to sinister argent. Conflict with Morgan Caitriona Bruce ("Argent, on a bend sinister wavy azure between two penannular brooches, openings to chief, pins bendwise sinister sable, a penannular brooch, opening to base, bendwise sinister, argent. In this case, it is hard to see how the position's of the animate and inanimate charges can be compared adequately.





Christopher Kirk Dracovis. Device. Per bend sinister gules and sable, on a bend sinister argent, three hourglasses palewise sable, in dexter chief a quill pen and a rapier in saltire argent. Since the tincture of the bend was omitted from the letter of intent, the submission must be pended until the July meeting to allow further conflict checking.


Yvon Bater of Darkwood. Device. Gules, a human skull affronty argent between two cobras, erect and respectant, tails crossed in base, Or. The tincture of the serpents was omitted from the letter of intent. This submission is therefore pended until the July meeting for further conflict checking.


Dagmar bint Omar. Name and device. Argent, a staff of Asculapius between on two flaunches azure, two hummingbirds rising respectant, wings elevated and addorsed, argent. Since the tincture of the hummingbirds was omitted from the letter of intent, the submission must be pended until the July meeting for further conflict checking.

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